Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1908 Submissions

[15] viXra:1908.0631 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-31 13:30:57

A New Approach to the Higgs Field

Authors: Eran Sinbar
Comments: 9 Pages.

The Higgs boson (or Higgs particle) produced by the quantum excitation of the Higgs field, that was confirmed on 2012 in the ATLAS detector at CERN is supposed to be the explanation for the mass of elementary particles. In this paper I will explain why this Higgs field is a new dimension which I refer to as the Grid dimensions (or Grid extra dimensions). This paper will explain what are the expected measurements regarding the Higgs particles based on this assumption. In this paper I will show what will be the future measured evidence that he Higgs particle measured at the particle accelerators is a quantum excitation of the Grid dimensions themselves.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] viXra:1908.0602 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-30 15:21:13

Spinning Sphere Theory Neutrino Masses

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

In 2015 a method was proposed that predicts the mass of the electron to the neutron, this number was found to be 5.438 673 4446*10^-4. In 2017 this prediction was updated to 5.438 673 44424*10^-4. The new 2018 CODATA value is 5.438 673 4424(26)*10^-4 . The predicted values are within about .8 sigma. It was shown that the electron could be broken up into three, six component parts. The author postulates these six component parts to be two-dimensional rings. A factor for calculating this mass is shown in Abstract A of this paper to be 1.000000779229966. These papers are saying that the electron can be broken up into 18 parts and that there is a relativistic portion to the electron. We are proposing that this relativistic portion is related to the neutrino masses. The basic unit of the electron neutrino would be (1.0000007799229966-1) multiplied by the mass of the electron divided by 18. Which yields about .022 electron volts. It is proposed that the neutrino masses would be some multiple of .022 electron volts. The article “Mysterious Neutrinos Get New Mass Estimate” [8] in Scientific American, it states the maximum mass of the electron neutrino is .086 electron volts and the maximum mass for the combination of the neutrinos is 0.26 electron volts. The .022 electron volts of this article is in line with these results.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] viXra:1908.0600 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-01 16:55:26

The Holographic Universe and the Lorentz Transformation of Space and Length Contraction

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

“In The Holographic Principle and How can the Particles and Universe be Modeled as a Hollow Sphere” [1] We found that the amount of matter in the universe is equal to the outside layer of the universe. We also find that the universe is not isotropic. In “Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”[2] We show that if red shifting of light is due to travel perpendicular to our location instead of away from our location that the universe is no longer isotropic looking. This would be contrary to the cosmological principle. In “Gravity Most Related to the Proton Mass, Charge Most Related to the Electron Mass” [3], we showed that space was granular with the same particle everywhere. We called this particle the Plank sphere. In this paper we show that the Planck Sphere can follow the Lorentz transformation. As the Planck Sphere accelerates the discontinuities move away from the center of the Planck Sphere. This increases the energy which happens as the same proportion as the Lorentz transformation. Mass acts on the Planck spheres in the same way and creates the gravitational field. Once a Planck sphere has its momentum altered my any amount, that increased momentum travels, through adjacent Planck spheres, at the speed of light, settling only when it has reached a uniform field. It is proposed here, that the actual length change in Lorentz contraction, would be that all of the discontinuities in a sphere are moving toward the edge of the sphere, the higher the energy level. Therefor, the sphere would not shrink in size, but sphere would be changed more and more to a hollow sphere in the sense that all of the imperfections would move towards the edge of the sphere and perfect packing would be inside the sphere.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] viXra:1908.0577 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-28 10:55:50

(DRH V1.0 28.08.2019 4 Pages A4) a Dimensional Relativity Hypothesis (DRH)

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper proposes a dimensional relativity hypothesis (DRH). DRH pushes the relativity of space and time to its…“informational” extremes, defining them as illusions created by the exchange of information in a bulk virtual matrix (BVM). No matter this current paper version, its latest variant can be always downloaded from this URL: http://www.dragoii.com/ALDragoi_DRH_latest.pdf
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] viXra:1908.0533 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-27 00:28:13

The Dark Matter Electron

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 405 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

The Dark Matter Electron In Ferent Quantum Gravity: “The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron” Adrian Ferent “Between the Ferent time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s and the Planck time t = 5.391 × 10^(=44) s were created the Dark Matter electrons” Adrian Ferent “When the photons were created, the photons with the energy 0.5 MeV and the Dark Matter electrons created the electrons” Adrian Ferent “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The high energy Gravitons emitted by Dark Matter keep the photon inside the electron” Adrian Ferent “The Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron” Adrian Ferent “The energy of the photon inside the electron is around 0.5 MeV” Adrian Ferent “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter and interacts with photons, because the electric fields satisfy the superposition principle” Adrian Ferent “The electron has an electric field due to the photon inside the electron” Adrian Ferent “Due to the photon inside the electron, the electron interacts with the electromagnetic field” Adrian Ferent “The photon inside the electron is the charge, is the electric field inside a volume equivalent with the electric field created by an electric charge. An electric field surrounds an electric charge; the same thing inside the electron, the electric field of the photon surrounds the center of the electron. Electric charge doesn't exist, was invented by scientists because they were not capable to explain the electric charge and what is inside the electron!” Adrian Ferent “I calculated the charge created by the photon with f = 10^(20) Hz inside the electron Q = 1.6 × 10(-19) C, the electron charge” Adrian Ferent “Ferent electron and positron collision:” Adrian Ferent “I discovered Dark Matter in electron and positron collision” Adrian Ferent DMe is the Dark Matter inside the electron DMp is the Dark Matter inside the positron “In Ferent Quantum Gravity is important the energies of the Gravitons emitted by Dark Matter, not the Dark Matter mass” Adrian Ferent “Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for N elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for elementary particle, made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Unification between Matter and Dark Matter!” Adrian Ferent I discovered during the Big Bang: “Two important walls: The Ferent wall: here at time t = 1.294 × 10(-86) s were created Dark Matter, Dark Photons and Gravitons. The Planck wall: here at time t = 5.391 × 10(-44) s were created Matter and Photons” Adrian Ferent I discovered the equation of the Dark Matter universe: “In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall emerged the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent “I discovered that: a < h < s” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:” Adrian Ferent Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Universe, material and spiritual m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k r1N – the position of Matter elementary particle N r2M – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle M r3L – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle L The Ferent wall: here at time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s were created Dark Matter, Dark Photons and Gravitons. This means: “Between the Ferent time t = 1.294 × 10(-86) s and the Planck time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created the Dark Matter electrons” Adrian Ferent “When the photons were created, the photons with the energy 0.5 MeV and the Dark Matter electrons created the electrons” Adrian Ferent “The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron” Adrian Ferent Today all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain Dark Matter, they talk about Transparent matter because they can not see Dark Matter, they talk about Baryonic matter, Non-baryonic matter like axions, they talk about cold, warm or hot Dark Matte, about Spersymmetric Particles as Dark Matter…but NOT BEYOND THE PLANCK WALL. Now they Stole my theory and they went beyond the Planck wall! Before me nobody was able to think what is beyond Planck Wall. 241. I am the first who discovered a Dark Matter particle, the Dark Matter electron 242. I am the first who discovered the Dark Matter electron. The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron 243. I am the first who discovered that when the photons were created, the photons with the energy 0.5 MeV and the Dark Matter electrons created the electrons 244. I am the first who discovered that between the Ferent time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s and the Planck time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created the Dark Matter electrons
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] viXra:1908.0509 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-01 13:09:23

On the Smallest Volume Scale and Dark Energy

Authors: Paolo Bolzoni
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this new study we want to propose an updated heuristic model to compute and to interpret the dark energy content of our universe. To this purpose we include the mass-energy of the static gravitational field in Newtonian gravity, finding agreement with general relativity at large scales. We then compute its effect at very small distances also including quantum effects. From this analysis, we obtain an estimation of the smallest volume in empty space. Our result is compatible with loop quantum gravity and this enables the embedding in it. After that we show, how this can be used to compute a natural energy cutoff $k_c$ for all quantum fields and study its utility in computing the dark energy density and its implications on the content of fermionic and bosonic elementary fields. Indeed for the vacuum equation of state $w\,{=}\,p_{vac}/\rho_{vac}$ we obtain an expression depending on $\Delta N\,{=}\, N_f - N_b$, which represents the difference between the number of species of fermions and bosons. Finally comparing our result with the measured value of $w$, we discuss general constraints on the field content beyond the Standard Model of the elementary particles.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] viXra:1908.0508 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-25 18:09:24

(Acum Version 1.0 25.08.2019 7 Pages) an Elegant Adimensional Cyclic Universe (Toy-) Model (Acum) Mainly Based on the Electrograviton Hypothesis (Egh), the Quantized Gravitational Waves Hypothesis (QGW-Hyp) and the Dimensional Relativity Hypothesis

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper proposes an elegant Adimensional Cyclic Universe (toy-)Model (ACUM) mainly based on the electrograviton hypothesis (EGH), the quantized gravitational waves hypothesis (QGW-Hyp) and the dimensional relativity hypothesis (DRH). DRH pushes the relativity of space and time to its…“informational” extremes (defining them as illusions created by the exchange of information in a bulk virtual matrix [BVM]): I have chosen the "ACUM" acronym also because “acum” means "now" in Romanian AND because ACUM emphasizes that both space and time are illusions created by pure-adimensional information transfer/exchange. Important note. No matter this current paper version, its latest variant can be always downloaded from this URL: http://dragoii.com/ALDragoi_ACUM_latest.pdf
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] viXra:1908.0506 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-26 02:27:32

A Calculation of the Spatio-Temporal Volume of the Universe

Authors: Jeffrey ``Epstein`` McNutly
Comments: 1 Page.

In this paper (see below) I calculate the spatio-temporal volume of the universe and find it to be -1/12 ``McNutly``s, a convenient unit introduced in this paper.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] viXra:1908.0467 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-22 08:31:29

Quantum Gravity's Time Entangled

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

One of the open questions in physics is: What happens when an object massive enough to influence the flow of time is placed in a quantum superposition state? [11] Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1908.0461 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-25 04:37:22

Newton Did not Invent or Use the so-Called Newton's Gravitational Constant G. Big G is not Needed in Physics; it Has Mainly Caused Confusion!

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 11 Pages.

Newton did not invent or use the so-called Newton’s gravitational constant G. Newton’s original gravity formula was F = Mm/r and not F = GMm/r. In this paper, we will show how a series of major gravity phenomena can be calculated and predicted without the gravitational constant. This is to some degree well known, at least for those that have studied a significant amount of the older literature on gravity. However, to understand gravity at a deeper level, still without G, one needs to trust Newton’s formula. It is first when we combine Newton’s observation that matter and light ultimately consist of hard indivisible particles with new insight in atomism that we can truly begin to understand gravity. This leads to a quantum gravity theory that is unified with quantum mechanics where there is no need for G and even no need for Planck’s constant. We claim that two mistakes have been made in physics, which have held back progress towards a unified quantum gravity theory. First, it has been common practice to consider Newton’s gravitational constant almost holy and untouchable. Thus we have neglected to see an important aspect of mass, namely the indivisible particle that also Newton held in high regard. Second, we have built our version of quantum mechanics around the de Broglie wavelength, rather than the Compton wavelength. We claim the de Broglie wavelength is merely a mathematical derivative of the Compton wavelength.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1908.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 21:43:20

To Explain Gravity I Went Beyond the Planck Wall, to Ferent Wall and This Extraordinary Discovery Was Stolen from me

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 396 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“To explain Gravity I went beyond the Planck Wall, to Ferent Wall and this extraordinary discovery was Stolen from me” Adrian Ferent “At first the scientists ignore your discovery, and then they say it's wrong and then they steal it” Adrian Ferent “All Nobel Laureates were ignorant, thinking inside the Planck Universe; nobody was able before me to go beyond the Planck Wall” Adrian Ferent “Because Ferent Quantum Gravity is a new theory, I did not use References” Adrian Ferent “Scientists use References in their articles because they are not capable to discover New Theories” Adrian Ferent They Stole my theory, Ferent Quantum Gravity! Because Einstein Gravitation theory (GTR) is Wrong the Scientists, the professors Tommi Tenkanen from Johns Hopkins University, Avi Loeb from Harvard University start Stealing from Ferent Quantum Gravity where Dark Matter was First before Matter, where I discovered the Equation of the Dark Matter Universe! They say the same thing ‘Dark matter (DM) may have its origin in a pre-big-bang epoch, Dark Matter have its origin before Matter’! https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.061302 https://www.sciencealert.com/new-study-brings-receipts-to-demonstrate-dark-matter-may-be-older-than-the-big-bang?fbclid=IwAR2IU7KARSt6FlR1SXAnRFR7NPzz-QHTj5EpuvAq_pwfxtZlv2GYFP3CVCY They say: ‘Perhaps, they were particles that appeared in a very brief period of time, just fractions of fractions of a second, before the Big Bang’. I discovered: “Two important walls: The Ferent wall: here at time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s were created Dark Matter, Dark Photons and Gravitons. The Planck wall: here at time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created Matter and Photons” Adrian Ferent I calculated t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s that ‘very brief period of time’. I discovered the equation of the Dark Matter universe: “In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall emerged the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent “I discovered that: a < h < s” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:” Adrian Ferent Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Universe, material and spiritual m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k r1N – the position of Matter elementary particle N r2M – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle M r3L – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle L I discovered: “Because Black Holes are Dark Matter, Black Holes do not have temperature” Adrian Ferent How I was able to go beyond the Planck Wall? Conservation of Energy The law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system cannot change in time. Planck energy is nature’s maximum allowed matter energy for point-energy (quanta). “During the Big Bang, the Dark Matter energy at Ferent wall, is equal with the Planck energy at Planck Wall” Adrian Ferent Who else tried without success to go beyond the Planck Wall? The Bogdanov affair was an academic dispute regarding the legitimacy of a series of theoretical physics papers written by French twins Igor and Grichka Bogdanov, they proposed a theory for describing what occurred at and before the Big Bang. After 1 year of hard research I was able to go beyond the Planck wall and there was Dark Matter! I defined the Ferent wall and there started the Dark Matter universe and they Stole my research. Today all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain Dark Matter, they talk about Transparent matter because they can not see Dark Matter, they talk about Baryonic matter, Non-baryonic matter like axions, they talk about cold, warm or hot Dark Matte, about Spersymmetric Particles as Dark Matter…but NOT BEYOND THE PLANCK WALL. Now they Stole my theory and they went beyond the Planck wall! Before me nobody was able to think what is beyond Planck Wall. I discovered the equation of Dark Matter universe and I posted at all important universities, easy to Steal! If you do a Search on Google about ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ you can see my presentations in 2014, 2015… The professors from the peer–review journal did not Search about ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ because they do not know, do not understand how difficult is to go beyond the Planck Wall. To go beyond the Planck Wall it is the biggest discovery of the 21st century in my view, but it is not considered important by peer-review journals! When Einstein, Hawking, Feynman…were not capable to go ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ the professors from the peer–review journal did not ask the question: How these scientists who Stole my theory were capable to go ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’. That is why I did not post Ferent Quantum Gravity in peer–review journals! All my Articles Start in the last years with: “I discovered a new Gravitation theory which breaks the wall of Planck scale!” They stole this extraordinary discovery from me! Looks like next time the Scientists will Steal my Ferent Quantum Gravity based on Gravitons, they will Steal what the electron is, how the Sun was formed… “Because Ferent Quantum Gravity is a new theory, I did not use References” Adrian Ferent “Scientists use References in their articles because they are not capable to discover New Theories” Adrian Ferent “If you can not put your name on an equation you are not a scientist” Adrian Ferent “Working at Planck scale on Quantum gravity is not easy, that is why a lot of scientists in packs work on wrong Gravitation theories” Adrian Ferent 240. I am the first who discovered a new Gravitation theory ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’, started with Dark Matter at Ferent Wall and this extraordinary discovery was Stolen from me
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1908.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 15:40:31

Unified Principles of Nature: Solution to the "Problem of Time” II

Authors: Manfred U.E.Pohl
Comments: 6 Pages.

Within the first article „Solution to the Problem of Time“ [1] the author explored the origin of time and suggested the Unified Priciples of Nature that must be applied in order to unify Quantum Gravity and General Relativity without contradiction. To emphasis the urging conclusion out of the Solution to the „Problem of Time“ the author summarize in this paper the claim to reintroduce rational thought and argument in science in order to solve pressing problems in human society. Science must consider the Scientific God to unite Quantum Theroy and General Relativity into a theory that can describe and predict reality.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1908.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 19:31:04

Space, and the Propagation of Light

Authors: Stephen H. Jarvis
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this paper, theoretical uncertainties fuelled by ad-hoc fixes of theory to explain observed astrophysical anomalies using models upholding the idea of space being a field of potential inertia for bodies in relative motion are discussed. A few of the basic discussion points include determining the difference between scientific space and mathematical space, the cosmic expansion of space, the ad-hoc theoretical localised effect of gravity in galaxies, and the need to use ideas such as dark matter and dark energy. This paper takes the current uncertainties and ad-hoc theoretical fixes in astrophysics theory and places those uncertainties and ad-hoc theoretical fixes together with the aim of determining the root cause of all the general anomalies, here in this paper identified as the idea of labelling space with “inertia”. Then, a general idea of space, more universal than contemporary theories hold, is presented, and demonstrated to uphold all observed astrophysical data. The general “fix” proposed here is a new theory for space, joining both the contemporary scientific and mathematical notions of space in the one construct without using the idea of “inertia”. To achieve this task, a general review of astrophysical data is presented, and each theoretical step used in history to explain that observed astrophysical data, while along the process here making mention both the uncertainty and the ad-hoc theoretical fix being used. all leading to “one” fundamental key oversight in physics theory, prompting the general fix to the standard model. Finally, a new landscape of the universe as a model is presented bearing reference to this new appraisal of space, further shedding light on the previous series of papers [1-10].
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1908.0239 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-18 07:13:52

Using a Grandfather Pendulum Clock to Measure the World’s Shortest Time Interval, the Planck Time (with Zero Knowledge of G).

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 5 Pages.

Haug [1, 2] has recently introduced a new theory of unified quantum gravity coined “collision space-time.” From this new and deeper understanding of mass we can also understand how a grandfather pendulum clock can be used to measure the world shortest time interval, namely the Planck time [3, 4], indirectly. Such a clock can, therefore, also be used to measure the diameter of an indivisible particle indirectly. Further, such a clock can easily measure the Schwarzschild radius of the gravity object and what we will call “Schwarzschild time.” This basically proves that the Newton gravitational constant is not needed to find the Planck length or the Planck time; it is also not needed to find the Schwarzschild radius. Unfortunately, there is significant inertia in the current physics establishment towards new ideas that could rock the fundamentals, but this is not new in the history of science. Still, the idea that the Planck time can be measured totally independent of any knowledge of Newton’s gravitational constant could be very important to move forward in physics; we hope it will be given serious consideration in the future.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1908.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-09 01:30:40

Quantum Gravity Low Energy Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

Researchers have, for the first time, identified the sufficient and necessary conditions that the low-energy limit of quantum gravity theories must satisfy to preserve the main features of the Unruh effect. [12] Two teams of researchers working independently of one another have come up with an experiment designed to prove that gravity and quantum mechanics can be reconciled. [11] Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory