[9] **viXra:1707.0325 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-07-25 12:16:32*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Sphere Theory, is a theory that the universe is made of spheres, that, are made of spheres. In fact ,it is a theory of spheres all the way down. Part of the theory is that there is radiation that creates stable resonances that is similar to Bremsstrahlung and Cherenkov radiation. In this paper it is shown that this same structure that is used to predict mass ratios for the proton, electron, muon, and tau to the neutron, and predictions for the Sommerfeld fine structure constant, and the von Klitzing constant, can also be used to predict a more accurate value for the Gravitational constant, with the accuracy of the Planck constant and neutron mass being the limiting factor. The value predicted for the Gravitational constant is as follows. 6.6738480×10^-11 m^3/kgs^2. We see that gravity may also have orbitals, and thus there may be some different wavelengths to gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1707.0272 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-07-20 09:32:10*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Sphere Theory, is a theory that the universe is made of spheres, that, are made of spheres. In fact ,it is a theory of spheres all the way down. Part of the theory is that there is radiation that creates stable resonances that is similar to Bremsstrahlung and Cherenkov radiation. In this paper it is shown that this same structure that is used to predict mass ratios for the proton, electron, muon, and tau to the neutron, and predictions for the Sommerfeld fine structure constant, and the von Klitzing constant, can also be used to predict a more accurate value for the Gravitational constant, with the accuracy of the Planck constant and neutron mass being the limiting factor. The value predicted for the Gravitational constant is as follows. 6.6738480×10^-11 m^3/kgs^2.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1707.0250 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-07-18 17:53:05*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** 11 Pages. Uploaded the wrong document. The abstract succintly outlines what is new and intended in this document too

This corrected version is primarily an analysis of how to use Noether's current, as a current generator, from exponential of the ( imaginary number, times frequency, times time) times an inflaton to obtain a real valued current, which in turn, leads to an effective magnetic field, at Pre Planckian to Planckian physics regime of space-time. And that combined with a query if we have quintessence or an invariant cosmological constant.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1707.0221 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-07-16 09:21:39*

**Authors:** Clemens Heuson

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In deformed special relativity with commuting coordinates transforming according special relativity and deformed plane waves the field equations and interactions in coordinate space remain unchanged. However in momentum space Lorentz transformations of spinors, the Dirac equation and helicity spinors are modified. The calculation of some simple tree level scattering amplitudes is discussed.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1707.0066 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-07-05 04:12:49*

**Authors:** David A. Edwards

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

The singularities of ordinary General Relativity can be avoided by considering the (mathematically well-defined) Einstein-Yang-Mills-Dirac-Higgs system which is (heuristically) the super-classical limit of the (not mathematically well-defined) Standard Model. This system has complete solutions without singularities, solitons, and a Cyclic Universe solution. (The system has negative energy density; hence doesn't satisfy the positivity conditions in the Penrose-Hawking Singularity Theorems.) One would like to be able to apply deformation quantization to this system to get a mathematically rigorous Standard Model in a Curved Noncommutative Spacetime. This would obviate any necessity of going further to a full quantum gravity theory. The deformation parameter would be Planck’s constant and the associated Planck Length would be the scale at which the manifold structure of spacetime gives way to a rougher structure of a noncommutative geometry. The Einstein-Yang-Mills-Dirac-Higgs Equations provide an alternative approach to a Cyclic Universe which Penrose has recently been advocating. They also imply that the massive compact objects now classified as Black Holes are actually Quark Stars, possibly with event horizons, but without singularities.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1707.0058 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-07-04 14:18:04*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Sphere Theory is a theory of granular spacetime. In Sphere theory the mass ratios of the electron to the neutron, the proton to the neutron, and the fine structure can be directly estimated using Sphere Theory’s unification of gravity and charge, and using a resonance of radiation similar to Bremsstrahlung Cherenkov Radiation. The values of the ratios calculated by these methods are as follows. The mass ratio of the electron to the neutron, Me/Mn = 5.438673444242 *10^-4. The mass ratio of the proton to the neutron, Mp/Mn=0.9986234786761 and the Sommerfeld fine structure constant Alpha=137.035999097020 (1). In this paper we use the values of Me/Mn (2), Mp/Mn (3), and Alpha, Sommerfeld fine structure constant, (4) determined from Sphere Theory to calculate the Planck Constant from each CODATA publication year, and compare it to the CODATA value of the Planck constant. These calculations may show that Sphere Theory is useful for making sense of the universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1707.0044 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-07-10 05:53:15*

**Authors:** Stephen H. Jarvis

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The idea of consciousness emerging from chaos is not a new idea. In fact, it is one of the oldest ideas of philosophy. What makes it an important idea to herald here (in the context of quantum gravity and a new type of string theory incorporating the Golden Ratio) is how the idea has been derived, namely from “chaos theory” sprung from two key preliminary papers [1][2]. This third paper shall take up from where the second paper [2] left off. Here, we shall explain the Schrodinger equation for light, and then present an improved equation for the energy of a photon, then confirm the emergence of light from the atomic level represents a well-known equation for chaos theory, the “logistic map equation”. From there we shall present the idea of consciousness as a need for this system of time and space to resolve the disparity between light and particle location, together with the need to reach an exact value for “π” (as was the basis for the axioms of time upon space in the development of the atom in the second paper). A list of features of this proposal of consciousness as an emergent entity will be presented that describes well-known features of the idea of our own ability to reason and be aware.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1707.0040 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-07-03 08:31:25*

**Authors:** Yihan Lin

**Comments:** 2 Pages. no!

a brand new chinese version of string method which is arouse by a freshman from Peking university
it is so revolutionary that may win the 2018 Nobel Prize! so please read it carefully!

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1707.0017 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-07-01 15:26:08*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 69 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

I explained that inside a black hole, Gravitation is much stronger than the Strong nuclear force, Gravitons are stronger than Gluons!
The energy of the gravitons inside a black hole is higher than: 4.14559 × 10^5 GeV
“The energy of the gravitons inside a black hole, is much higher than the energy of the gluons”
Adrian Ferent
This means, this is the proof that:
“Inside the black holes, Gravitation is much stronger than the Strong nuclear force”
Adrian Ferent
This is another proof that my Gravitation theory is right.
“Ferent Gravitation theory explains the Universe at Galaxies level and at the Quantum level, explains black holes”
Adrian Ferent
“Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space”
Adrian Ferent

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory