Quantum Gravity and String Theory

1105 Submissions

[7] viXra:1105.0041 [pdf] replaced on 1 Jun 2011

Mass of an Electromagnetic Wave

Authors: Mark A. Newstead, Stephen C. Newstead
Comments: 5 pages

In this paper we investigate whether an electromagnetic wave can have mass, whilst also still having a maximum velocity equal to the speed of light. We find that their mass is inversely proportional to their velocity, such that they have no mass when travelling at the speed of light. This proportionality may also help explain the duality of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] viXra:1105.0040 [pdf] submitted on 27 May 2011

Time and Entropy

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 8 pages

The intrinsic motions of light and time are metric equivalents; they are the primordial entropy drives of free and bound energy, creating space and history. The dimensions are entropic conservation domains allowing the simultaneous use, transformation, and conservation of free and bound electromagnetic energy. (See: "The Time Train"; see also: "The Paradox of the Traveling Twin".)
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] viXra:1105.0037 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-09 13:20:57

Noether's Theorem and Einstein's "Interval"

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 13 Pages. expansion of "resonance" mechanism understanding

Noether's theorem applies generally only to continuous parameters, such as space and time, and only in particular cases to discontinuous parameters, such as charge. Nevertheless, since charge conservation is well established both observationally and experimentally, it is very likely that the theorem applies also in the particular case of charge. If nothing else, this is the hypothesis to be advanced, and we make the case with numerous arguments throughout this and other papers on the website.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] viXra:1105.0027 [pdf] replaced on 1 Jun 2011

An Effective Temperature for Black Holes

Authors: Christian Corda
Comments: Pages. Journal of High Energy Physics Volume 2011, Number 8, 101

The physical interpretation of black hole's quasinormal modes is fundamental for realizing unitary quantum gravity theory as black holes are considered theoretical laboratories for testing models of such an ultimate theory and their quasinormal modes are natural candidates for an interpretation in terms of quantum levels. The spectrum of black hole's quasinormal modes can be re-analysed by introducing a black hole's effective temperature which takes into account the fact that, as shown by Parikh and Wilczek, the radiation spectrum cannot be strictly thermal. This issue changes in a fundamental way the physical understanding of such a spectrum and enables a re-examination of various results in the literature which realizes important modifies on quantum physics of black holes. In particular, the formula of the horizon's area quantization and the number of quanta of area result modified becoming functions of the quantum "overtone" number n. Consequently, the famous formula of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, its sub-leading corrections and the number of microstates are also modified. Black hole's entropy results a function of the quantum overtone number too. We emphasize that this is the first time that black hole's entropy is directly connected with a quantum number. Previous results in the literature are re-obtained in the limit n → ∞.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] viXra:1105.0021 [pdf] replaced on 20 Jun 2011

Ternary Octonionic Gauge Field Theories

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 17 pages, submitted to the Int. J. Mod. Phys. A

A ternary gauge field theory is explicitly constructed based on a totally antisymmetric ternary-bracket structure associated with a 3-Lie algebra. It is shown that the ternary infinitesimal gauge transformations do obey the key closure relations [δ1, δ2] = δ3. Invariant actions for the 3-Lie algebra-valued gauge fields and scalar fields are displayed. We analyze and point out the difficulties in formulating a nonassociative Octonionic ternary gauge field theory based on a ternary-bracket associated with the octonion algebra and defined earlier by Yamazaki. It is shown that a Yang-Mills-like quadratic action is invariant under global (rigid) transformations involving the Yamazaki ternary octonionic bracket, and that there is closure of these global (rigid) transformations based on constant antisymmetric parameters Λab = -Λba. Promoting the latter parameters to spacetime dependent ones Λab(xμ) allows to build an octonionic ternary gauge field theory when one imposes gauge covariant constraints on the latter gauge parameters leading to field-dependent gauge parameters and nonlinear gauge transformations. In this fashion one does not spoil the gauge invariance of the quadratic action under this restricted set of gauge transformations and which are tantamount to spacetime-dependent scalings (homothecy) of the gauge fields.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] viXra:1105.0013 [pdf] submitted on 9 May 2011

On Octonionic Nonassociative Ternary Gauge Field Theories

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 11 pages, submitted to Physics Letters B

A novel (to our knowledge) nonassociative Octonionic ternary gauge field theory is explicitly constructed based on a ternary-bracket structure involving the octonion algebra. The ternary bracket was defined earlier by Yamazaki. The antisymmetric rank-two field strength Fμν is defined in terms of the ternary-bracket (... see paper) involving an auxiliary octonionicvalued coupling (...) . The ternary bracket cannot be rewritten in terms of 2-brackets, [A,B,C] ≠ 1/4[[A,B],C]. It is found that gaugeinvariant matter kinetic terms for an octonionic-valued scalar field can be introduced in the action if one starts instead with an octonionic-valued rank-three antisymmetric field strength (...) permutations, which is defined in terms of an antisymmetric tensor field of rank two (...) and (...) We conclude with some preliminary steps towards the construction of generalized ternary gauge field theories involving both 3-Lie algebras and octonions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] viXra:1105.0001 [pdf] replaced on 2014-06-21 14:00:34

Global and Local Gauge Symmetries: Gravitation, Section B

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 7 Pages.

Massless light is non-local, a-temporal, and a-causal; massive matter is local, temporal, and causal. "c" is a global constant gauging a global spatial metric; "G" is a global constant gauging a local temporal metric.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory