[23] **viXra:1607.0561 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-08-03 10:32:16*

**Authors:** D.Mastoridis, K.Kalogirou

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

The current paper presents an attempt to express the mass problem in a more con-
crete mathematical scheme where all the Physical quantities could come naturally. The
Standard Model and its extensions where investigated where SU(4) has appeared as a
conclusion of this attempt.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[22] **viXra:1607.0559 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-31 04:56:55*

**Authors:** Andrei Lucian Dragoi

**Comments:** 27 Pages. (Variant: 31.07.2016)

„Edward Teller appears to have been the first who speculate that there may exist a logarithmic relation between the fine structure constant (α) and the parameter G∙mN^2/(h∙c)~10^(-39) of the form α~ln[G∙mN^2/(h∙c)] [equation 4.23] (in fact α^(-1)=ln(3.17 x 10^60) and the formula is too insensitive to be of very much use in predicting exact relations)“[Barrow&Tipler, 1986 ]. (mN stands for the neutron/nucleon rest mass).
In this BIDUM, I will try to demonstrate that Barrow and Tipler overlooked the possibility that Teller’s “speculation” may be much more inspired than the Dirac’s large number hypothesis (DLNH) and may the basis of a new class of informational (bio-info-digital [BIDUM]) toy-models of the universe (info-universe), a class that can offer important physical explanations and predictions.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[21] **viXra:1607.0558 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-31 05:55:05*

**Authors:** Andrei Lucian Dragoi

**Comments:** (BIDUM 1.1 Extract) (Variant: 31.07.2016) (10 pages) A Bio-Info-Digital Universe Model (BIDUM version 1.1) – a short summary of the essential equations (each briefly explained)

(BIDUM 1.1 Extract) (Variant: 31.07.2016) (10 pages) A Bio-Info-Digital Universe Model (BIDUM version 1.1) – a short summary of the essential equations (each briefly explained)

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[20] **viXra:1607.0475 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-25 05:29:46*

**Authors:** John Peel

**Comments:** 28 Pages. An extension of previous papers by this author.

There is a correction to be made, the last few articles describe branches/ strings as planck length/ c squared. They are more likely to be planck length in numeration. ( See previous articles by author).
In this paper, due to the large amount of literature to be processed, I have developed a few mathematical arrangements of my own.
They relate to conservation of information, the relationship between size of various unsymmetric matrices and the relationship of negative numbers in a concept called reflectional equivalence. Discussed also it the hypothesis (sic) of whether the branches ( loosely meaning strings) can be macroscopic in size. i.e varying from planck length to essentially the size of any known object

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[19] **viXra:1607.0431 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-23 06:46:26*

**Authors:** Terubumi Honjou

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

A hypothesis reforms a super string theory.
Chapter6. No. 3: revolution in superstring theory.
[1]. Advanced "superstring theory"
[2]... most likely candidate for the ultimate theory and superstring theory.
[3]... continued looking for Einstein 4-dimensional space.
[4]. elementary pulsation principle is the new geometric model of superstring theory.
[5] Waveform pulse Ultra is a string.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[18] **viXra:1607.0385 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-21 01:08:44*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

What we are doing is to use a generalization of the Penrose Cyclic conformal cosmology in order to argue for ergodic mixing of cosmological “information”, from cycle to cycle. While there would be a causal discontinuity, as is by example explained, in terms of breaking down of individual “particles” from cycle to cycle, there would be (analogous to a seed setting of pseudo-randomization of Fortran) informational ‘bits’ transferred, as far as mixing of ‘information’ collected from cycle to cycle, from N number of contributing universes via modified CCC, so as to create a uniform value of H bar (Planck’s constant) from cycle to cycle. Moreover this would do away with the “baby universes” Darwinian hypothesis, set up by String theorists whom postulate that up to 10^1000 or so universes would be created, with only say 10^10 or so surviving(most dying off because of “improperly” set variance in the values of H bar ( Planck’s constant). I.e. the laws of physics would not be different from universe to universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[17] **viXra:1607.0379 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-20 07:59:33*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

If the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of a black hole is expressed as Bekenstein’s area quantum 8pi multiplied by a power of 2, then exponents of 2 that are multiples of precisely 50 are found for particular black holes of well-defined mass, and for the Hubble sphere. Motivated by T-duality, the analysis is extended to particles. Exponents calculated for the particles of the Standard Model lie in symmetric arrangement about the number 125, which is the exponent found for the lightest tensor mesons. Exponents that are multiples or simple binary (improper) fractions of 25 are favoured.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[16] **viXra:1607.0376 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-07-21 02:31:35*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 28 Pages. 28

In particle physics it is an interesting challenge to postulate that the FORM and structure of
elementary particles is the origin of different FUNCTIONS of these particles.
The model which is the result is called “Quantum Function Follows Form” model.
As a consequence, the standard model should be extended with changes for an alternative
black hole , quantum gravity, the mass related local lightspeed, a topological superconductive
vacuum etc.
In this paper I present possible 3D particle solutions based on only one complex 3-D ring
shaped Axion-Higgs particle, which is equipped with three point like hinges and one splitting
point, all four points divided equally over the ring surface.
The 3-D ring itself is postulated to represent the “Virgin Mother” of all other particles and is
coined Axion-Higgs particle, the ring is equipped with 3-hinges coded (OOO), which gives
the particle the opportunity to transform after some sort of mechanical collision with other
particles into a different shape, with a different function and interlocking abilities with other
particles.
Thus in this Quantum Function Follows Form theory, the Axion-Higgs vacuum particle is
interpreted as a massless transformer string particle able to create the universe by
transforming its shape after real mechanical collision and merging with other shaped particles
into complex and compound knots like quarks, W Z particles and even ball lightning black
hole nuclei..
Introduction,

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[15] **viXra:1607.0357 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-18 11:32:20*

**Authors:** Ali Soheilbeigi Bazgir

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

In quantum mechanics an uncertainty principle asserts that one cannot make certain of the position and velocity of an electron (or any particle) at the same time. That is, increasing the knowledge of particle decreases the knowledge of the velocity or momentum of an electron [1]. Furthermore, a particle can never be at rest, but it is subject to constant fluctuations even when no measurement is taken place, these fluctuations are assumed to have cause. According to new theory, God (independent of space-time) is assumed to be the cause of constant fluctuations in the end quantum state. The main objective of this paper is to derive an equation for abnormal phenomena (miracle) and arbitrament of human’s destiny called Certainty Theory. It has been assumed that not measuring of a particle’s position and momentum simultaneously with equal precision is due to the fact that the end quantum state of particle is imaginary and non-physical so the standard deviation , ħі/(2α^(D-4) ) , must be smaller than the certain value of product of position and momentum.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[14] **viXra:1607.0204 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-18 01:06:11*

**Authors:** Yevgeniy Kutanov

**Comments:** 8 pages in English and 8 pages in Russian

Proposed structures of photon, electron and positron are the result of logical development of the alternative to GR theory of gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[13] **viXra:1607.0194 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-08-04 19:57:27*

**Authors:** Vladimir F. Tamari

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

The Beautiful Universe (BU) model is a universal cellular automata (CA) of rotating dielectric dipolar nodes exchanging angular momentum with neighboring nodes to make radiation, matter, and space itself. In this paper a simplified simulation of non-rotating nodes that nevertheless obey the momentum-exchange 'rules' of (BU) provide a qualitative picture of energy transport in the model and can be considered a preliminary proof of concept on which to build further work

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12] **viXra:1607.0121 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-07-11 01:43:26*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In this short note, first we will show a few ways to rewrite Einstein's field equation without basically changing it. Then we speculate a bit more broadly on how to change the equation to make it hold at the quantum scale. More precisely, we modify it for bodies with masses less than the Planck mass.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11] **viXra:1607.0111 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-09 10:43:41*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

We start with a formulation of a modified ‘Poisson’ equation from Poissons and Will from 2014, and then use the Padmanabhan inter relationship between an inflaton and a an early universe potential system. Then from there, we come up with a quadratic equation for a minimum radius, for producing a “massive graviton’ value. We then close with observations as to what this implies as to gravitational physics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10] **viXra:1607.0082 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-07 05:01:32*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

A Quantum Controller of Gravity is transformed into a Gravitational Spacecraft

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[9] **viXra:1607.0080 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-07 05:56:16*

**Authors:** Johan Noldus

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In a long paper of this author [1], I explained that the ''spiritual''
interaction between living beings would require a gravitational theory on
an appropriate space. In this paper, we further develop this idea and
construct different types of idealized limits.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[8] **viXra:1607.0071 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-06 15:04:07*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

This paper questions the assumption that the Schwarzschild radius actually represents a radius. It has recently been shown by Haug (2016) that the Schwarzschild radius for any object can simply be written as N2l_p, where N is the number of Planck masses into which we can ``hypothetically" pack an object of interest and l_p is the well known Planck length. The Schwarzschild radius seems to represent the length of the number of Planck mass objects we can ``hypothetically" pack a planet or star into and then we can place them in perfect alignment along a single strand (of single particles) in a straight line.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[7] **viXra:1607.0056 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-11-11 02:34:23*

**Authors:** Tomer Shushi

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

In this paper we introduce a new type of (3+1) spacetime metric, that is non-local and based on the notion of quantum foam. We investigate it and show how quantum effects can be obtained.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[6] **viXra:1607.0038 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-03 22:57:05*

**Authors:** John Peel

**Comments:** 58 Pages. The toplogical connection between Axes and strings

The last paper (see "More on logic being the fundamental components of string theory) gave further analysis of the important concept of information producing fields which can then be configured into strings.
Here we look at the topological connection between branches an centres (singularities) and some more information on branch structure and also some concepts of how angular momentum can produce calculations.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[5] **viXra:1607.0025 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-07-03 14:49:05*

**Authors:** Espen Gaarder Haug

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This is a short note to show how big G can be derived from dimensional analysis by assuming that the Planck length is much more fundamental than Newton's gravitational constant.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[4] **viXra:1607.0017 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-07-02 21:48:41*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** put in 2 pages as to referring to gravitons as information carriers, with formula delineating relationship to quantum number N derived earlier

Using the idea of a quantum ‘number’ N, which is due to , with the walls nixing the space-time import of interior dynamics of a pre Plackian state, using energy
And the U ~ potential. Energy expression given by Padmanabhan for an inflaton state when the scale factor , we obtain the term, N, for quantum exited state, prior to the exiting of the Pre Planck state, to inflationary physics. From there we bridge this creation of N, in Pre Planckian space-time, to Semi classical and brane theory versions of entropy, and also its linkage to both graviton and nonstandard beyond the standard model physics. We conclude with a speculation in the conclusion for future work which is to make entropy(information) a new synthesis for Graviton physics, just before the start of cosmological expansion as a partial information based replacement for the Higgs boson hypothesis, at least for gravitons.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[3] **viXra:1607.0011 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-07-03 07:52:13*

**Authors:** Ilija Barukčić

**Comments:** 77 Pages. Copyright © 2016 by Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany. PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, 2016, 4, 1379-1438. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jamp.2016.48147.

In the Einstein field equations the geometry or the curvature of space-time defined as depended
on the distribution of mass and energy principally resides on the left-hand side is set identical to a nongeometrical tensorial representation of matter on the right-hand side. In one or another form, general relativity accords a direct geometrical significance only to the gravitational field while the other physical fields are not of spacetime, they reside only in spacetime. Less well known, though of comparable importance is Einstein's dissatisfaction with the fundamental asymmetry between gravitational and non-gravitational fields and his contributions to develop a completely relativistic geometrical field theory of all fundamental interactions, a unified field theory. Of special note in this context and equally significant is Einstein’s demand to replace the symmetrical tensor field
by a non-symmetrical one and to drop the condition gik = gki for the field components. Historically, many other attempts were made too, to extend the general theory of relativity's geometrization of gravitation to non-gravitational interactions, in particular, to electromagnetism. Still, progress has
been very slow. It is the purpose of this publication to provide a unified field theory in which the gravitational field, the electromagnetic field and other fields are only different components or manifestations of the same unified field by mathematizing the relationship between cause and effect under conditions of general theory of relativity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[2] **viXra:1607.0004 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-07-16 06:26:46*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

In a cosmic scale of a few hundred Mega-parsecs, according to the General Relativity (GR) cosmology, the mean number density of massive galaxies (their mass is greater than 11 powers of ten multiplied by solar mass) should be about 0.0072 massive galaxies per cubic Mpc whereas according to the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) should be 0.0067. We can see that both results are similar, about 0.007. On the other hand, the surveys of massive galaxies lead to number densities about 10 times lower. It leads to conclusion that there must be big number of dim/cold massive galaxies. N. Trujillo formulated following question: Where are the untouched massive “relic” galaxies in the nearby Universe? Here, applying the SST, we show that most of them should be close to the threshold redshift 0.6415 and they should be composed of the bare neutron black holes. Such dim sphere of massive galaxies forces the radial acceleration of all galaxies at redshift about 0.35 up to 0.6415, and deceleration of all galaxies above such threshold redshift. The SST cosmology shows that the distribution of redshift of massive galaxies must be balanced in such a way that the average redshift was 0.6415. We showed that the postulated within the GR cosmology an acceleration of expansion of spacetime is an illusion (for redshift 0.35 up to about 0.6, we observe an acceleration whereas for redshift higher than about 0.6, we observe a deceleration). In reality, the SST shows that there indeed are the regions of acceleration and deceleration but their existence follows from the gravitational attraction of the massive dim sphere at mean redshift 0.6415. SST leads to conclusion that we should see a weak redshift quantization for redshift lower than 0.6415. Future more precise surveys of galaxies should confirm that the SST cosmology is correct. Here we described the number density of massive galaxies as a function of redshift and, separately, as a function of the SST time distance, we compared the SST, GR and Special-Relativity relative recession velocities (RRV), we described the redshift quantization, and we solved the luminosity problem of quasars.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1] **viXra:1607.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-07-01 05:44:31*

**Authors:** Robert A. Herrmann

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The General Intelligent Design (GID) Model interpretation of the General Grand Unification (GGU) Model verifies the rationality of the Kaku statement that we live in a universe "governed by rules that were created, shaped by a universal intelligence."

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory