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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[31877] viXra:1910.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 02:19:06

[ Gentle Compiler Construction System/cool-Spe ] in the Context of [ Minsky Machines/nlp ] Towards Big Data Testing on Iot/hpc [ Hardware+software+firmware ] R&D Platforms – a General Approach in Using Minsky Machines+nlp.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ Gentle Compiler Construction System/CooL-SPE ] in the Context of [ Minsky Machines/NLP ] towards BIG DATA Testing on IoT/HPC - [ Hardware+Software+Firmware ] R&D Platforms – A General Approach in Using Minsky Machines+NLP.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31876] viXra:1910.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 03:33:28

Cheaper Catalyst Generate Hydrogen

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have shown for the first time that a cheap catalyst can split water and generate hydrogen gas for hours on end in the harsh environment of a commercial device. [40] Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have developed a new scanning transmission electron microscopy method that enables visualization of the electric charge density of materials at sub-angstrom resolution. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31875] viXra:1910.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 04:07:04

A Deep Neural Network as Surrogate Model for Forward Simulation of Borehole Resistivity Measurements

Authors: M. Shahriari, D. Pardo, B. Moser
Comments: 7 Pages.

Inverse problems appear in multiple industrial applications. Solving such inverse problems require the repeated solution of the forward problem. This is the most time-consuming stage when employing inversion techniques, and it constitutes a severe limitation when the inversion needs to be performed in real-time. In here, we focus on the real-time inversion of resistivity measurements for geosteering. We investigate the use of a deep neural network (DNN) to approximate the forward function arising from Maxwell's equations, which govern the electromagnetic wave propagation through a media. By doing so, the evaluation of the forward problems is performed offline, allowing for the online real-time evaluation (inversion) of the DNN.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31874] viXra:1910.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 04:31:09

Friction in Topological Insulator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31873] viXra:1910.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 04:53:14

Tackle Radioresistant Melanoma

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Microbeam radiation therapy (MRT) uses synchrotron X-ray beams to deliver spatially fractionated radiation, with extremely high peak doses deposited in the microbeam path and tissue located between the microbeams receiving only a small fraction of this dose. [38] The new technology can successfully measure heart rate and oxygen saturation. It also has the potential to measure blood pressure and cardiac output, whilst maintaining its flexible and transparent form. [37] Electrical engineers at Duke University have devised a fully print-in-place technique for electronics that is gentle enough to work on delicate surfaces including paper and human skin. [36]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31872] viXra:1910.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 05:11:37

Alphabet of Origami

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

This discovery could help in the construction of origami robots and toward designing smart programmable materials. [51] A team of researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Vanderbilt University and the University of Maryland has created origami-like structures made out of graphene using scanning tunneling microscopy. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group explains how they achieved this feat and possible applications. [50] Platinum has long been used as a catalyst to enable the oxidation reduction reaction at the center of fuel cell technology. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31871] viXra:1910.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 05:40:36

Nano-Guitar String Plays Itself

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Scientists at Lancaster University and the University of Oxford have created a nano-electronic circuit which vibrates without any external force. [40] The research is carried out in the Quantum Photonics Group at the Niels Bohr Institute, which is a part of the newly established Center for Hybrid Quantum Networks (Hy-Q) [39] With international collaboration, researchers at Aalto University have now developed a nanosized amplifier to help light signals propagate through microchips. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31870] viXra:1910.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 07:29:38

If Electromagnetic Fine Structure =1/137 Then Hubble Constant=73 Km/s Mpc-1

Authors: Miroslaw Kozlowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Recent overview of the results of the research of Hubble constant by Joshua Sokol is very interesting[1]. We can learn that the numerical value of Hubble constant is still open. In Essay I present my own research results which are very old but in the light of Sokol discussion are valuable. I state and answer the question Can Hubble constant be calculated in the frame of Planck Epoch constant. The answer is yes
Category: Astrophysics

[31869] viXra:1910.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 10:18:33

A Disproof to Newton's Universal Gravitation Formula

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 1 Page.

A contradiction about Newton's universal gravitation formula has been found to disprove it.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[31868] viXra:1910.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 10:29:57

Quantum Computing Diversity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 91 Pages.

In quantum computing, as in team building, a little diversity can help get the job done better, computer scientists have discovered. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31867] viXra:1910.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 10:50:25

Photons Recover Interference

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

This interference is important for everything from fundamental tests of quantum physics to the speedy calculations of quantum computers, but creating it requires exquisite control over particles that are indistinguishable. [28] Scientists from the Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, in collaboration with the University of Oxford and NIST, have shown that quantum interference enables processing of large sets of data faster and more accurately than with standard methods. [27] Over the last few decades, the exponential increase in computer power and accompanying increase in the quality of algorithms has enabled theoretical and particle physicists to perform more complex and precise simulations of fundamental particles and their interactions. [26] A collaboration of scientists from five of the world's most advanced x-ray sources in Europe, Japan and the US, has succeeded in verifying a basic prediction of the quantum-mechanical behavior of resonant systems. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31866] viXra:1910.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 11:08:07

Chains of Atoms at Lightning Speed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Chains of atoms dash around at lightning speeds inside the solid material. [20] A group of Michigan State University (MSU) researchers specializing in quantum calculations has proposed a radically new computational approach to solving the complex many-particle Schrödinger equation that holds the key to explaining the motion of electrons in atoms and molecules. [19] This method, called atomic spin squeezing, works by redistributing the uncertainty unevenly between two components of spin in these measurements systems, which operate at the quantum scale. [18] Researchers from the University of Cambridge have taken a peek into the secretive domain of quantum mechanics. [17] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11] Some three-dimensional materials can exhibit exotic properties that only exist in "lower" dimensions. For example, in one-dimensional chains of atoms that emerge within a bulk sample, electrons can separate into three distinct entities, each carrying information about just one aspect of the electron's identity-spin, charge, or orbit. The spinon, the entity that carries information about electron spin, has been known to control magnetism in certain insulating materials whose electron spins can point in any direction and easily flip direction. Now, a new study just published in Science reveals that spinons are also present in a metallic material in which the orbital movement of electrons around the atomic nucleus is the driving force behind the material's strong magnetism. [10] Currently studying entanglement in condensed matter systems is of great interest. This interest stems from the fact that some behaviors of such systems can only be explained with the aid of entanglement. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Condensed Matter

[31865] viXra:1910.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 11:22:08

Complex Hadamard Matrices and Applications

Authors: Teo Banica
Comments: 200 Pages.

A complex Hadamard matrix is a square matrix $H\in M_N(\mathbb C)$ whose entries are on the unit circle, $|H_{ij}|=1$, and whose rows and pairwise orthogonal. The main example is the Fourier matrix, $F_N=(w^{ij})$ with $w=e^{2\pi i/N}$. We discuss here the basic theory of such matrices, with emphasis on geometric and analytic aspects.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[31864] viXra:1910.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 11:23:59

Liquids Behave with Other Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Using a range of theoretical and simulation approaches, physicists from the University of Bristol have shown that liquids in contact with substrates can exhibit a finite number of classes of behaviour and identify the important new ones. [21] Chains of atoms dash around at lightning speeds inside the solid material. [20] A group of Michigan State University (MSU) researchers specializing in quantum calculations has proposed a radically new computational approach to solving the complex many-particle Schrödinger equation that holds the key to explaining the motion of electrons in atoms and molecules. [19] This method, called atomic spin squeezing, works by redistributing the uncertainty unevenly between two components of spin in these measurements systems, which operate at the quantum scale. [18] Researchers from the University of Cambridge have taken a peek into the secretive domain of quantum mechanics. [17] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11] Some three-dimensional materials can exhibit exotic properties that only exist in "lower" dimensions. For example, in one-dimensional chains of atoms that emerge within a bulk sample, electrons can separate into three distinct entities, each carrying information about just one aspect of the electron's identity-spin, charge, or orbit. The spinon, the entity that carries information about electron spin, has been known to control magnetism in certain insulating materials whose electron spins can point in any direction and easily flip direction. Now, a new study just published in Science reveals that spinons are also present in a metallic material in which the orbital movement of electrons around the atomic nucleus is the driving force behind the material's strong magnetism. [10] Currently studying entanglement in condensed matter systems is of great interest. This interest stems from the fact that some behaviors of such systems can only be explained with the aid of entanglement. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Condensed Matter

[31863] viXra:1910.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 12:19:07

Atlas Boost

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

The outer realms of the periodic table, where stable, long-lived isotopes give way to radioactive ions, offer nuclear scientists a unique glimpse into the structure of nuclei and a better understanding of how the different elements in our universe came to be as a result of stellar fusion or supernova explosions. [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31862] viXra:1910.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 13:56:34

An Empirical Study of Active Learning Strategies for Supervised Classification

Authors: Louis Desreumaux
Comments: 81 Pages. Language : french

Modern supervised learning methods are known to require large amounts of training examples to reach their full potential. Since these examples are mainly obtained through human experts who manually label samples, the labeling process may have a high cost. Active learning aims to reduce annotation cost by predicting which samples are useful for a human expert to label. Although this field is quite old, several important challenges to using active learning in real-world settings still remain unsolved. In particular, most selection strategies are hand-designed, and it has become clear that there is no best active learning strategy. This has motivated research into meta-learning algorithms for "learning how to actively learn". In this report, a comprehensive comparison of active learning strategies is presented, including a strategy learnt using reinforcement learning.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31861] viXra:1910.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 14:20:32

Energy and Matter Creation - The Poynting Vortex

Authors: Richard Lawrence Norman, Jeremy Dunning-Davies
Comments: 14 Pages.

As has been pointed out on several occasions, misinterpretations of experimental results and the concealment - sometimes actual suppression - of scientific work deemed to be outside the bounds of perceived conventional wisdom have been allowed to go unchecked. This attitude has undoubtedly blocked some avenues of approach to the solution of present day problems. Here it is intended to attempt to bring attention to some new avenues of research which may prove fruitful in the future in solving at least some of the problems facing humanity concerning energy production and shortage.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[31860] viXra:1910.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 14:24:34

A Proposed Basis for Quantum Uncertainty Effects

Authors: Richard Lawrence Norman, Jeremy Dunning-Davies
Comments: 14 Pages.

Quantum scale “uncertainty” effects limiting measurement accuracy appear to reflect the actual properties of quantum particles as has been well substantiated in numerous experimental examples. However, the concept of uncertainty appears to lack any clear physical basis and stands as an effects descriptor, not as a causal description of actual particulate physical properties. The famous EPR paradox is examined, assessed and placed into current perspective then new theory is presented defining the functional causal basis of observed uncertainty effects. Lastly, experimental evidence will be presented in support of this new model.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31859] viXra:1910.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 16:47:14

Inequality in the Universe, Imaginary Numbers and a Brief Solution to P=NP? Problem

Authors: Mesut Kavak
Comments: 3 Pages.

While I was working about some basic physical phenomena, I discovered some geometric relations that also interest mathematics. In this work, I applied the rules I have been proven to P=NP? problem over impossibility of perpendicularity in the universe. It also brings out extremely interesting results out like imaginary numbers which are known as real numbers currently. Also it seems that Euclidean Geometry is impossible. The actual geometry is Riemann Geometry and complex numbers are real.
Category: Number Theory

[31858] viXra:1910.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 17:15:29

Refutation of Basic Logic (BL)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Using classical logic we establish the definition of the new connective tensor ⊗ as a theorem. (This is not supposed to be possible from within classical logic as a subset of the conjecture.) Six rules for formation and reflection are not tautologous. This refutes Basic Logic (bL), forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[31857] viXra:1910.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 22:04:42

On Prime NumberⅩ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is on primes⑩
Category: Number Theory

[31856] viXra:1910.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 02:04:56

BBS News / Russian Service. Environmental Report to the Un. 06.05.2019 (In Russian)

Authors: Report of the UN.
Comments: 7 Pages. in Russian

Humanity is increasingly destroying the biosphere: due to human impact on the environment, about a million species of animals and plants were on the verge of extinction, such a disappointing conclusion was reached by scientists in the report of the intergovernmental scientific and policy platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services IPBES.
Category: Social Science

[31855] viXra:1910.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 03:51:15

The Pascal Triangle of Maximum Deng Entropy

Authors: Xiaozhuan Gao, Yong Deng
Comments: 19 Pages.

Pascal-Triangle (known as Yang Hui Triangle) is an important structure in mathematics, which has been used many fields. Entropy plays an essential role in physics. In various, information entropy is used to measure the uncertainty of information. Hence, setting the connection between Pascal Triangle and information uncertainty is a question worth exploring. Deng proposed the Deng entropy that it can measure non-specificity and discord of basic probability assignment (BPA) in Dempster-Shafer (D-S) evidence theory. D-S evidence theory and power set are very closely related. Hence, by analysing the maximum Deng entropy, the paper find that there is an potential rule of BPA with changes of frame of discernment. Finally, the paper set the relation between the maximum Deng entropy and PascalTriangle.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31854] viXra:1910.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 04:00:32

Discrete Model of Electron

Authors: José Garrigues Baixauli
Comments: 27 Pages.

An electron model is developed based on a 4D sphere with a diameter of the Planck length. This model allows us to explain and calculate the intrinsic properties of the electron, such as its mass, charge, spin, etc., from the fundamental constants. Using this Planck sphere in four dimensions, we reach the conclusion that the electron particle has a size that is fixed by the Planck dimensions. The rotation of the Planck sphere generates the electron wave, the size of which depends on its wavelength. Our hypothesis is that the universe is composed of Planck spheres in four spatial dimensions, with two possible states: a rest state and rotational movement
Category: Classical Physics

[31853] viXra:1910.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 04:35:46

The ‘Generalized Skettrup Model’ and Specific Lattice Thermal Capacity of Non-Homogeneous and Low-Dimensional Semiconductors and Insulators

Authors: Valeri LIGATCHEV
Comments: 21 Pages. This paper is devoted to an extended discussion on some new aspects of the ‘Generalized Skettrup Model’ (GSM) described in details in the second chapter of my book ‘Polycrystalline and Spatially Non-Homogeneous Amorphous Semiconductors’ published in 2017.

The ‘Generalized Skettrup Model’ (GSM) links features of near-band gap and intra-gap electronic as well as corresponding optical spectra of polycrystalline and spatially non-homogeneous amorphous semiconductors and insulators to probabili-ties of equilibrium fluctuations in an energy of the individual quasi-particle, number of quasi-particles in a quantum grand canonical ensemble of confined acoustic phonons with static plane-wave basis (pure states), and in their aggregate energy. The essentially many-body GSM might be implemented as well at evaluations on harmonic and anharmonic contributions to the specific lattice thermal capacity of those semiconductors and insulators, as well as their low-dimensional counterparts. Herein predictions of the ‘refined’ GSM equations in these areas are compared with appropriate experimental results and outcomes of canonical Debye – Planck model.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[31852] viXra:1910.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 05:06:20

Relativistic Invariant Banking

Authors: Miroslaw Kozlowski
Comments: 5 Pages. We consider application of special relativity theory to banking processes

World market is very unstable . In this Essay we show why. For the growing stream of liquid money on the market , the velocity of financial processes is going to the limit value , invariant stream velocity. Which is the maximal velocity for physical processes in the market. When v= vin market is unstable and uncontrolled. It is ready to critical behavior with negative trends, i.e abrupt decreasing Price, smaller then established values
Category: Economics and Finance

[31851] viXra:1910.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 05:00:40

Another Research for Solving the Grasshopper Problem(imo)

Authors: Yasushi Ieno
Comments: 7 Pages.

The 6th problem of the 50th International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO), held in Germany, 2009, is called 'the grasshopper problem'. To this problem Kos developed theory from unique viewpoints by reference of Noga Alon's combinatorial Nullstellensatz. We have tried to solve this problem by an original method inspired by a polynomial that Kos defined, then researched for n=3 and n=4. For almost cases the problem can be solved, but there remains imperfection due to 'singularity'.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[31850] viXra:1910.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 07:57:16

Shorter Refutation of Craig’s Interpolation and Derived Conjectures

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the formula for Craig’s interpolation as not tautologous. This means it is refuted, along with nine conjectures in the following cascade: proving Beth definability; verifying the division of larger problems into smaller problems; representing knowledge by suppression of information; proving intuitionistic and bi-intuitionistic logics, converse modality, tense logic, and extensions with path axioms; and ; and an orthogonality condition for defining duality between interpolates. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[31849] viXra:1910.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 08:05:50

Organic Quantum Dots Nanoarray

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

This system has exciting implications for fields such as computer memory, light-emitting devices and quantum computing. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been "squeezed" to a record low. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31848] viXra:1910.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 08:23:34

Layered Superconducting Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Scientists from Tokyo Metropolitan University have created a new layered superconducting material with a conducting layer made of bismuth, silver, tin, sulfur and selenium. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed a method to accurately measure the "exact edge" or onset at which a magnetic field enters a superconducting material. [19] TU Wien has now made a major advance towards achieving this goal and, at the same time, has furthered an understanding of why conventional materials only become superconducting at around -200°C [18] The emerging field of spintronics leverages electron spin and magnetization. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31847] viXra:1910.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 08:48:59

Protein-Folded DNA Nanostructures

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

By using proteins that naturally bind and arrange DNA inside cells, a KAUST-led team has devised a plug-and-play strategy for building stable, custom-designed nanostructures. [25] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have now discovered how a protein called LMI1 can control leaf growth and shape. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31846] viXra:1910.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 09:23:36

Impressive Holography

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Physicists and materials scientists have developed a compact optical device containing vertically stacked metasurfaces that can generate microscopic text and full-color holograms for encrypted data storage and color displays. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31845] viXra:1910.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 09:35:28

The Amount of Organic Compounds.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych.
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is shown that the amount of organic compounds is uncountable infinite set. Uncountable infinite sets is also the number of substances in one homologous series, the number of homologous series themselves, as well as the number of functional groups. Obviously, the carbon form of life has literally countless organic substances for the origin of life. It can be shown that the probability origin life in the infinite Universe is equal to one. It can also be shown that using the encoding of genetic information on “alkane DNA”, uncountable infinite sets of synthetic artificial biospheres can be obtained.
Category: Chemistry

[31844] viXra:1910.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 10:46:06

Dark Energy Simple Explanation.

Authors: Richard Palkovac
Comments: 1 Page.

Dark energy - very simple explanation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31843] viXra:1910.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 10:46:45

Electron Charge Exchange in Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have developed a new scanning transmission electron microscopy method that enables visualization of the electric charge density of materials at sub-angstrom resolution. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37] The universal laws governing the dynamics of interacting quantum particles are yet to be fully revealed to the scientific community. [36] Now NIST scientists have designed a vacuum gauge that is small enough to deploy in commonly used vacuum chambers. [35]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31842] viXra:1910.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 12:43:49

Review on Electro-gravity via Goemetric Chronon Field

Authors: Eytan Haim Suchard
Comments: 42 Pages. Review of https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/845/1/012019

Abstract: In 1982, Dr. Sam Vaknin pondered the idea of reconstructing physics based on time as a field. His idea appeared in his doctorate dissertation as an amendment to the Dirac spinor equation. Sam saw the Quantum Field Theory particles and momentum and energy as a result of the language of physics and of the way the human mind perceives reality and not as reality. To the author’s opinion, it is a revolution of the language itself and is not a new interpretation of the existing language. The Special Theory of Relativity was a revolution and so was the General Theory of Relativity but yet these theories did not challenge the use of momentum and energy but rather gave them new relativistic interpretation. Later on, Quantum Mechanics used Energy and Momentum operators and even Dirac’s orthogonal matrices are multiplied by such operators. Quantum Field Theory assumes the existence of particles which are very intuitive and agree with the human visual system. Particles may be merely a human interpretation of events that occur in the human sensory world. This paper elaborates on one specific interpretation of Sam Vaknin’s idea that the author has developed from 2003 up to August 2018. It is a major improvement of previously published papers and it summarizes all of them and includes all the appendices along with new ideas.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[31841] viXra:1910.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 23:05:48

Refutation of the Ranked Pentagon Lattice

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the attribute of ranking lattices of ρ(r) ≥ r which is not tautologous. This refutes the conjecture of ranking lattices for extensions of cofinal and mixed (neither end or cofinal). This further disallows theorems derived therefrom in the pentagon lattice, to form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[31840] viXra:1910.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 10:03:32

Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 is the Cause of Alzheimer’s Disease

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 46 Pages.

Objective: The possible involvement of viruses, specifically Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), in senile dementia of the Alzheimer type has been investigated by numerous publications. Over 120 publications are providing direct or indirect evidence of a potential relationship between Herpes simplex virus type 1 and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) but a causal relation is still not established yet. Methods: A systematic review and re-analysis of studies which investigated the relationship between HSV-1 and AD by HSV-1 immunoglobulin G (IgG) serology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods was conducted. The method of the conditio sine qua non relationship (SINE) was used to proof the hypothesis: without HSV-1 infection of human brain no AD. The method of the conditio per quam relationship (IMP) was used to proof the hypothesis: if HSV-1 infection of human brain then AD. The mathematical formula of the causal relationship k was used to proof the hypotheses is, whether there is a cause-effect relationship between HSV-1 and AD. Significance was indicated by a p-value of less than 0.05. Results: The studies analyzed were able to provide strict evidence that HSV-1 is a necessary condition (a conditio sine qua non), a sufficient condition and a necessary and sufficient condition of AD. Furthermore, the cause-effect relationship between HSV-1 and AD was highly significant. Conclusions: The data analyzed provide sufficient evidence to conclude that HSV-1 is the cause of AD. Keywords: Herpes simplex virus type 1, Alzheimer’s disease, causal relationship.
Category: Statistics

[31839] viXra:1910.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 10:07:33

Purify Methane from Biogas

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

UNSW researchers are using 'wonder material' graphene to generate sustainable energy in municipal wastewater treatment plants. [31] Singapore scientists from NanoBio Lab (NBL) of A*STAR have developed a novel approach to prepare next-generation lithium-sulfur cathodes, which simplifies the typically time-consuming and complicated process for producing them. [30] Nanomaterials could provide the basis of many emerging technologies, including extremely tiny, flexible, and transparent electronics. [29] From the intricate patterns of pollen grains to the logarithmic spirals of nautilus shells, biology is full of complex patterns, shapes, and geometries. [28] The lifespan of a liquid droplet which is transforming into vapour can now be predicted thanks to a theory developed at the University of Warwick. [27] Researchers at PoreLab work mostly with porous materials like concrete, and in their world, this sort of thing can happen. [26] A UCF physicist has discovered a new material that has the potential to become a building block in the new era of quantum materials, those that are composed of microscopically condensed matter and expected to change our development of technology. [25] Researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, in partnership with CNRS, France, have discovered a new material in which an element, ytterbium, can store and protect the fragile quantum information even while operating at high frequencies. [24] Scientists at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada have created the most dense, solid-state memory in history that could soon exceed the capabilities of current hard drives by 1,000 times. [23] The team showed that the single-atom magnets can endure relatively high temperatures and strong external magnetic fields. The work could lead to the development of extremely high-density data storage devices. [22] One of these are single-atom magnets: storage devices consisting of individual atoms stuck ("adsorbed") on a surface, each atom able to store a single bit of data that can be written and read using quantum mechanics. [21]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31838] viXra:1910.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 11:33:07

Quantum Energetics. Theory of Superunification. Contents

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 23 Pages

Quantum energetics is based on new fundamental discoveries of quantum of space-time (quanton) and super-strong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) made by Vladimir Leonov in 1996. On the basis of new fundamental discoveries the theory of Superunification of fundamental interactions of electromagnetism, gravitation, nuclear and electro-weak forces is completed. It is important that new fundamental discoveries have the widest practical application in the development of quantum energetics. It is discovered that the single source of energy in the Universe is the quanton in the structure of quantized space-time, which is the carrier of super-strong interaction (SEI). All known methods of energy generation (chemical and nuclear reactions etc.) are reduced to the release and transformation of SEI energy. Quantum energetics is a more general concept in energetics, which includes both the new energetic cycles, and traditional ones, including nuclear energetics. Chapters: 1. Fundamental discoveries of the quantum of space-time (quanton) and superstrong electromagnetic interaction. 2. Electromagnetic nature and structure of cosmic vacuum. 3. Unification of electromagnetism and gravitation Antigravitation. 4. The quantized structure of the electron and the positron. The neutrino. 5. Quantized structure of nucleons. The nature of nuclear forces. 6. Two-rotor structure of the photon. Photon gyroscopic effect. 7. Nature of non-radiation and radiation of the orbital electron. 8. Thermal photons. Molecule recoil in photon emission. 9. Gravitational waves. Wave equations. 10. Superstrong electromagnetic interaction and prospects for the development of quantum energetics in the 21st century.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31837] viXra:1910.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 03:34:11

Doesn't Crack Makes Stronger

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Researchers at PoreLab work mostly with porous materials like concrete, and in their world, this sort of thing can happen. [26] A UCF physicist has discovered a new material that has the potential to become a building block in the new era of quantum materials, those that are composed of microscopically condensed matter and expected to change our development of technology. [25] Researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, in partnership with CNRS, France, have discovered a new material in which an element, ytterbium, can store and protect the fragile quantum information even while operating at high frequencies. [24] Scientists at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada have created the most dense, solid-state memory in history that could soon exceed the capabilities of current hard drives by 1,000 times. [23] The team showed that the single-atom magnets can endure relatively high temperatures and strong external magnetic fields. The work could lead to the development of extremely high-density data storage devices. [22] One of these are single-atom magnets: storage devices consisting of individual atoms stuck ("adsorbed") on a surface, each atom able to store a single bit of data that can be written and read using quantum mechanics. [21] Physicists have experimentally demonstrated 18-qubit entanglement, which is the largest entangled state achieved so far with individual control of each qubit. [20] University of Adelaide-led research has moved the world one step closer to reliable, high-performance quantum computing. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31836] viXra:1910.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 03:56:58

Iron in Soils Immobilize Arsenic

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Sandia National Laboratories researchers have discovered the mechanism to "switch on" iron residing in clay mineral structures, leading to the understanding of how to make iron reactive under oxygen-free conditions. [31] One such process has now been elucidated by a team led by Prof. Matthias Kling and Dr. Boris Bergues at the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (LAP), which is jointly run by Ludwig-Maximilians Universität (LMU) and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ). [30] Photoacoustic computed tomography (PACT) is a non-invasive hybrid imaging technique that excites biological tissues with light and detects the subsequently generated ultrasound to form images. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31835] viXra:1910.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 04:18:05

The Universe: Boiling ‘bouillon’ of Quantons

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 45 Pages, 21 Figures.

This article was published in the Leonov's book: Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, pp. 9-55. The theory of Superunification is based on my discovery in 1996 of a quantum of space-time (quanton) and superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) – the fifth fundamental force (Superforce). SEI is a global electromagnetic field that permeates our universe. This field consists of quantons and represents a quantized space-time. In the region of the ultra microworld of quantons, we can observe their microscopic vibrations and rotation that resemble a boiling “bouillon” of quantons. Quanton consists of four integers quarks: two magnetic and two electric. Quarks have no mass. This article shows that the Superforce (fifth force) unites all known fundamental forces from a single position: gravitation, electromagnetism, nuclear and electroweak forces. The theory of Superunification is new quantum physics; it unites the general theory of relativity (GR) and quantum theory. Our universe is not flat, but it is curved according to Einstein. This fact explains the accelerated motion of galaxies from the center of the universe to its periphery by the forces of the global antigravity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31834] viXra:1910.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 04:28:10

Black Holes of Dwarf Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Astronomers at the University of California, Riverside, have discovered that powerful winds driven by supermassive black holes in the centers of dwarf galaxies have a significant impact on the evolution of these galaxies by suppressing star formation. [23] In short, the concept of a black hole gravity machine presents humanity with a plausible path to becoming an interstellar species. In the meantime, the study of the concept will provide SETI researchers with another possible technosignature to look for. [22] Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[31833] viXra:1910.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 04:44:04

Evaporating Liquid Drop

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

The lifespan of a liquid droplet which is transforming into vapour can now be predicted thanks to a theory developed at the University of Warwick. [27] Researchers at PoreLab work mostly with porous materials like concrete, and in their world, this sort of thing can happen. [26] A UCF physicist has discovered a new material that has the potential to become a building block in the new era of quantum materials, those that are composed of microscopically condensed matter and expected to change our development of technology. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31832] viXra:1910.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 05:00:00

Immobility Theory

Authors: Ninh Khac Son
Comments: 57 Pages. This manuscript is under peer review by a scientific journal.

The study of time and space categories is the two basic categories of Philosophy - Physics - Mathematics. The manuscript content focuses on the most basic foundations of nature, and has since drawn some great results that we rarely notice, such as: 1. About Philosophy • Proved the existence of time and non-dilation. • Proved that matter is always motionless in space. • Conclusion that space is energy. • ... 2. About Mathematics • Solved the squaring the circle problem(a millennium problem). • Proved that the value of pi is equal to 2. • ... 3. About Physics • Explained the nature of gravity. • Explained dark energy, spin value of Nucleon • Explained matter and antimatter • ... Much of what this manuscript has discovered goes against what we understand about the world. And the manuscript was built with the purpose of helping a part in the development of modern science. Key words: Foundations of Philosophy; Foundations of Physics; Foundations of Geometry.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[31831] viXra:1910.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 05:04:02

Polymer's Unique Spindle Structure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

From the intricate patterns of pollen grains to the logarithmic spirals of nautilus shells, biology is full of complex patterns, shapes, and geometries. [28] The lifespan of a liquid droplet which is transforming into vapour can now be predicted thanks to a theory developed at the University of Warwick. [27] Researchers at PoreLab work mostly with porous materials like concrete, and in their world, this sort of thing can happen. [26] A UCF physicist has discovered a new material that has the potential to become a building block in the new era of quantum materials, those that are composed of microscopically condensed matter and expected to change our development of technology. [25] Researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, in partnership with CNRS, France, have discovered a new material in which an element, ytterbium, can store and protect the fragile quantum information even while operating at high frequencies. [24] Scientists at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada have created the most dense, solid-state memory in history that could soon exceed the capabilities of current hard drives by 1,000 times. [23] The team showed that the single-atom magnets can endure relatively high temperatures and strong external magnetic fields. The work could lead to the development of extremely high-density data storage devices. [22] One of these are single-atom magnets: storage devices consisting of individual atoms stuck ("adsorbed") on a surface, each atom able to store a single bit of data that can be written and read using quantum mechanics. [21] Physicists have experimentally demonstrated 18-qubit entanglement, which is the largest entangled state achieved so far with individual control of each qubit. [20] University of Adelaide-led research has moved the world one step closer to reliable, high-performance quantum computing. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31830] viXra:1910.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 05:26:00

Cosmic Energy System

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 10 Pages. Redefing black hole concept

The problem of proper quantum theory of the gravitational field, and thus understanding what is quantum spacetime, is still open and is discussed here. So, we introduce here the term of CES to replace the erroneous term of “black hole”, since there can’t be a hole per se in the fabric of matter that exists in gaseous, liquid and solid states in spacetime continuum. Accordingly, we attempt here to merge the loop quantum gravity (LQG) with quantum mechanics and general relativity, for per Einstein, gravity is not a force – it is a property of spacetime itself. Hence, our CES loop quantum spring model (ill. 1) fits said property of spacetime and is based on our previously published unified theory and model where we apply the string theory to loop quantum gravity by showing that a CES (formerly termed a “black hole”) is created by gravitational coupling of two linear superstrings in specified boundaries of open strings which are segments with endpoints, and closed strings which form closed loops.
Category: Astrophysics

[31829] viXra:1910.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 06:28:32

Unified Principles of Nature Draft (Preview) of the Constitution of the United Nations of Science and Declaration of Unified Animal and Human Rights

Authors: Theoryofall.org
Comments: 6 Pages.

Stephen Hawking famously said: „If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few scientists. Then we shall all, philosophers, scientists, and just ordinary people, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason — for then we would know the mind of God.“ We the people agree to science and have to draw a line: If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few leaders. Then we shall all, adam and eve, men and women, child and adult, black and white, believer and unbeliever, rich and poor, chinese and american, norwegian and south-african, muslim and christ, western world and islamic state, governments and citizens, nations and companies, heterosexual and homosexual, weak and strong, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we fail to live as a healthy community on earth. If we continue to search for the mind of a God, our ecosystem, this planet and this entire living universe we live “with” in entanglement and community and “wholeness” will die.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[31828] viXra:1910.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 07:06:18

Borophene and Graphene Structures

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Nanomaterials could provide the basis of many emerging technologies, including extremely tiny, flexible, and transparent electronics. [29] From the intricate patterns of pollen grains to the logarithmic spirals of nautilus shells, biology is full of complex patterns, shapes, and geometries. [28] The lifespan of a liquid droplet which is transforming into vapour can now be predicted thanks to a theory developed at the University of Warwick. [27] Researchers at PoreLab work mostly with porous materials like concrete, and in their world, this sort of thing can happen. [26] A UCF physicist has discovered a new material that has the potential to become a building block in the new era of quantum materials, those that are composed of microscopically condensed matter and expected to change our development of technology. [25] Researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, in partnership with CNRS, France, have discovered a new material in which an element, ytterbium, can store and protect the fragile quantum information even while operating at high frequencies. [24] Scientists at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada have created the most dense, solid-state memory in history that could soon exceed the capabilities of current hard drives by 1,000 times. [23] The team showed that the single-atom magnets can endure relatively high temperatures and strong external magnetic fields. The work could lead to the development of extremely high-density data storage devices. [22] One of these are single-atom magnets: storage devices consisting of individual atoms stuck ("adsorbed") on a surface, each atom able to store a single bit of data that can be written and read using quantum mechanics. [21] Physicists have experimentally demonstrated 18-qubit entanglement, which is the largest entangled state achieved so far with individual control of each qubit. [20] University of Adelaide-led research has moved the world one step closer to reliable, high-performance quantum computing. [19]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31827] viXra:1910.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 07:36:28

Transparent Graphene Wearables Monitor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

The new technology can successfully measure heart rate and oxygen saturation. It also has the potential to measure blood pressure and cardiac output, whilst maintaining its flexible and transparent form. [37] Electrical engineers at Duke University have devised a fully print-in-place technique for electronics that is gentle enough to work on delicate surfaces including paper and human skin. [36] Called the Quantum Material Press, or QPress, this system will accelerate the discovery of next-generation materials for the emerging field of quantum information science (QIS). [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31826] viXra:1910.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 08:54:52

The Upper Limit of the Mass and Energy of the Relativistic Particles

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

It is shown that a relativistic particle has an upper limit of the mass and energy when it is accelerated to the speed of light. Now we can calculate the limiting parameters of the relativistic particles by the use of the normalized relativistic factor in Einstein's relativistic equations. For example, the maximum mass of the relativistic proton is a limited number. The state of the relativistic particle is described by a mass balance and an energy balance. The energy balance includes the maximum energy of a relativistic particle and her real energy and her hidden energy.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31825] viXra:1910.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 08:59:59

Hydrologic Simulation Models

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Hydrologic models that simulate and predict water flow are used to estimate how natural systems respond to different scenarios such as changes in climate, land use, and soil management. [30] Nanomaterials could provide the basis of many emerging technologies, including extremely tiny, flexible, and transparent electronics. [29] From the intricate patterns of pollen grains to the logarithmic spirals of nautilus shells, biology is full of complex patterns, shapes, and geometries. [28] The lifespan of a liquid droplet which is transforming into vapour can now be predicted thanks to a theory developed at the University of Warwick. [27] Researchers at PoreLab work mostly with porous materials like concrete, and in their world, this sort of thing can happen. [26] A UCF physicist has discovered a new material that has the potential to become a building block in the new era of quantum materials, those that are composed of microscopically condensed matter and expected to change our development of technology. [25] Researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, in partnership with CNRS, France, have discovered a new material in which an element, ytterbium, can store and protect the fragile quantum information even while operating at high frequencies. [24] Scientists at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada have created the most dense, solid-state memory in history that could soon exceed the capabilities of current hard drives by 1,000 times. [23] The team showed that the single-atom magnets can endure relatively high temperatures and strong external magnetic fields. The work could lead to the development of extremely high-density data storage devices. [22] One of these are single-atom magnets: storage devices consisting of individual atoms stuck ("adsorbed") on a surface, each atom able to store a single bit of data that can be written and read using quantum mechanics. [21] Physicists have experimentally demonstrated 18-qubit entanglement, which is the largest entangled state achieved so far with individual control of each qubit. [20]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31824] viXra:1910.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 09:46:51

Refutation of Gleason’s Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate Gleason’s theorem in four variables which is not tautologous and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31823] viXra:1910.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 09:54:27

Simplify Lithium-Sulfur Battery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Singapore scientists from NanoBio Lab (NBL) of A*STAR have developed a novel approach to prepare next-generation lithium-sulfur cathodes, which simplifies the typically time-consuming and complicated process for producing them. [30] Nanomaterials could provide the basis of many emerging technologies, including extremely tiny, flexible, and transparent electronics. [29] From the intricate patterns of pollen grains to the logarithmic spirals of nautilus shells, biology is full of complex patterns, shapes, and geometries. [28] The lifespan of a liquid droplet which is transforming into vapour can now be predicted thanks to a theory developed at the University of Warwick. [27] Researchers at PoreLab work mostly with porous materials like concrete, and in their world, this sort of thing can happen. [26] A UCF physicist has discovered a new material that has the potential to become a building block in the new era of quantum materials, those that are composed of microscopically condensed matter and expected to change our development of technology. [25] Researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, in partnership with CNRS, France, have discovered a new material in which an element, ytterbium, can store and protect the fragile quantum information even while operating at high frequencies. [24] Scientists at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada have created the most dense, solid-state memory in history that could soon exceed the capabilities of current hard drives by 1,000 times. [23] The team showed that the single-atom magnets can endure relatively high temperatures and strong external magnetic fields. The work could lead to the development of extremely high-density data storage devices. [22] One of these are single-atom magnets: storage devices consisting of individual atoms stuck ("adsorbed") on a surface, each atom able to store a single bit of data that can be written and read using quantum mechanics. [21] Physicists have experimentally demonstrated 18-qubit entanglement, which is the largest entangled state achieved so far with individual control of each qubit. [20]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31822] viXra:1910.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 14:31:09

Further Mathematical Connections Between Some Equations of Dirichlet L-Functions, Some Equations of D-Branes and the Rogers-Ramanujan Continued Fractions. III

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 113 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have described some new mathematical connections between some equations of Dirichlet L-functions, some equations of D-Branes and Rogers-Ramanujan continued fractions.
Category: Number Theory

[31821] viXra:1910.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 16:31:16

(QPH Ver.1.0 13.10.2019 4 a4 Pages) a Quantitative Philosophy of Happiness (QPH) Based on Some Proposed Happiness Scores, a Quantitative Version of Pascal's Wager and a Model of Collective Approach of Divinity in the Christian Definition

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 4 Pages. Motto: "[God:] Universe is nothing but a big copying machine, reproducing your thoughts [pure information] in physical form [energy/matter], that will be your experience [in classical linear time]” (Neale Donald Walsch in his „Conversations with God"

This paper proposes a quantitative philosophy of happiness (QPH) based on some proposed happiness scores based on the “system of dreams” (SD) (concept) of each human person (HP) in part (based on a personal hierarchy of material and/or spiritual “dreams”/wishes), a quantitative version of Pascal’s wager (PW) and a model of collective approach of Divinity in the Christian definition.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[31820] viXra:1910.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 19:49:04

Earth Moon moves with 2 Rates Of Time (I)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 7 Pages.

What does mean 2 rates of time? 1 Day On The Sun = 1 Year On Earth In this equation there are 2 rates of time How to create them? By relativistic effects –in the solar group I have claimed that there's a physical point moves by a velocity =0.9999 C – where c= light known velocity =0.3 mkm/sec Based on this light velocity length contraction with rate 71 can be created but if the moon orbital inclination 5.1 degrees effect on the result will be 71 x 5.1 = 365.25 days (also Length contraction effect may contract 71 mkm to be seen as 1 mkm) But if Time And Distance Equivalence (Proves) (my previous paper) That means 1 Day On The Sun = 1 Year On Earth Example 10921 km (Moon Circumference) x 86400 seconds (Solar Day Period) = 940 mkm (Earth orbital circumference) (Moon = Earth Moon) What does this equation tell us? The equation tells that If Earth revolves around the sun one complete revolution in one solar day only – so the moon circumference will equal a distance passed by Earth Motion during 1 second period. So this equation refers to the possibility of existence more than one rate of time in the solar system – where T1= 1day and T2 = 365.265 days
Category: Astrophysics

[31819] viXra:1910.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 20:54:21

The Area and Volume of a J=Q=0 Black Hole

Authors: Archibald Ulrich Thor
Comments: 5 Pages.

The present note adresses a paper by DiNunno & Matzner, in which the authors claim that 1) the volume of a J=Q=0 black hole as measured in "Schwarzschild coordinates" vanishes and 2) the volume itself is coordinate-dependent. We refute these statements as elementary conceptual mistakes, which originate from a basic misunderstanding of general covariance in the context of the gauge theory of General Relativity.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[31818] viXra:1910.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 21:56:48

[ OCaml-LLVM/Polly-Owl-Satallax(Theorem Prover in OCaml) - CoqTP/OCaml - Q*cert/OCaml/Eigen ] in the Context of IoT/HPC-High Performance Computing - Heterogeneous Environments to [ Design+Test+Implement DNA based Theoretical Gene Therapy Informatics ] R&D

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ OCaml-LLVM/Polly-Owl-Satallax(Theorem Prover in OCaml) - CoqTP/OCaml - Q*cert/OCaml/Eigen ] in the Context of IoT/HPC-High Performance Computing - Heterogeneous Environments to[Design+Test+Implement DNA based Theoretical Gene Therapy Informatics ] R&D Framework – A Simple Suggestion & Novel Approach.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31817] viXra:1910.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 02:06:50

Nanoparticles Quantum Information

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

With this control, researchers can integrate topology information into the photons, which can then be used as messengers for carrying quantum information. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23] An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have created the world's first quantum metamaterial that can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. [22] ETH physicists have developed a silicon wafer that behaves like a topological insulator when stimulated using ultrasound. They have thereby succeeded in turning an abstract theoretical concept into a macroscopic product. [21] Cheng Chin, professor in the Department of Physics, and his team looked at an experimental setup of tens of thousands of atoms cooled down to near absolute zero. As the system crossed a quantum phase transition, they measured its behavior with an extremely sensitive imaging system. [20] Scientists from three UK universities are to test one of the fundamental laws of physics as part of a major Europe-wide project awarded more than £3m in funding. ]19] A team of researchers has devised a simple way to tune a hallmark quantum effect in graphene-the material formed from a single layer of carbon atoms-by bathing it in light. [18] Researchers from the University of Cambridge have taken a peek into the secretive domain of quantum mechanics. [17] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31816] viXra:1910.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 02:57:08

“Fermi Bubbles Explained by the Intentions of the M 2–9 (Butterfly Wings – Planetary Nebulae) and Spin–orbital Interaction and Interaction of Milky Way Galaxy and M31 Galaxy Andromedae.“

Authors: Imrich Krištof
Comments: 8 Pages.

Fermi Bubbles or Galactic Bubbles are streams of High–Energy particles – electron, photon (gamma burst radioactivity), high energy neutrinos and gravitational and radio–waves below and above galactic Equator of Milky Way and probably in the Galaxy M31 Andromedae. This Galactic Bubble’s born like the evaporation of Central Massive Black Hole, which also caused rotation of Galaxy Milky Way and Galaxy Andromedae M31. This fact is connected with so called Fermi Surfaces and Fermi’s edge, also with accretion of a disc (cannibal galaxies), galactic core, galactic halo. The Bubbles are sources of ultraradio, gamma, electron and neutrino particle waves from the North and South Galactic Lobes (25 000 ly) of Fermi’s Bubbles. Spatial conformations of bubbles are like spin–orbital (particle electron clouds) interaction between electrons and core of atom, according The Periodical System (Table) of chemical elements (Mendelejev). The results of measurements of these events will be in the future have fundamental significance for knowledge of function of our and foreign galaxies, black holes, and stars and whole our Cosmos, which is built on 400 – 600 mld of these galaxies.
Category: Astrophysics

[31815] viXra:1910.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 03:09:29

Unlocking the Hall Effect Secret

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

IBM Research's study in Nature unlocks one of the Hall effect's long-held secret. [34] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have replicated one of the most well-known electromagnetic effects in physics, the Hall Effect, using radio waves (photons) instead of electric current (electrons). [33] A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31814] viXra:1910.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 03:38:00

Nuclear Separation Degrees

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Argonne scientists look to 3-D printing to ease separation anxiety, which paves the way to recycle more nuclear material. [26] Recently, scientists suggested switching from electron to nuclear transitions that may considerably increase the precision of clocks due to higher frequency. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[31813] viXra:1910.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 03:54:59

Artificial Intelligence Determine Exoplanets Sizes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Using a machine learning technique, a team of Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço researchers constrained the radius of an exoplanet with known mass. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31812] viXra:1910.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 04:10:53

DNA Fighting Back Virus

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

A virus that infects koalas is steadily integrating itself into their DNA, ensuring that it is passed down from generation to generation. But the koala genome is defending itself, revealing that DNA has its own immune system to shut down invaders. [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31811] viXra:1910.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 04:51:57

1application of Q-Likert Methodology to Find Factors Affecting Information and Communication Flow Related to Transport-Earthquake Problems

Authors: Izza Anwer
Comments: 17 Pages.

This paper presents a new integrated method that focuses on quantitative measure of qualitative data for small sample size that consists of rich and high profiled data sources such as experts (heads) of Intelligent transport system (ITS) technologies, transport and earthquake management institutions. The details of the newly developed method and its application by considering a case-study from developing country is presented. The results are in the form of identified factors that are limiting the effectiveness of Information communication flow through Intelligent transport system technologies in transport-earthquake (a term introduced by the author of this study) management. The identified factors highlight information communication problems inter and intra departments, among different stakeholders and uneven ratio of ITS technology and transport-earthquake affected and managers. The model worked well and can be applied in many ways such as other case-studies and types of disasters.
Category: Social Science

[31810] viXra:1910.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 05:09:14

Superpower

Authors: P. Davies
Comments: 272 Pages. in Russian

Science has always sought to build a holistic picture of the world. In recent decades, physicists have come closer than ever to realizing this dream: the prospects of combining the four fundamental interactions of nature within a single superpower loom, and the physics of the microcosm is increasingly merging with cosmology-the theory of the origin and evolution of the Universe. About all this in a popular and fascinating form tells the book of the famous English scientist and popularizer of science Paul Davis. It is addressed to all those who are interested in the problems of modern fundamental science, especially useful to teachers and students of both physical and philosophical faculties of universities. Until now, the book has not lost its relevance for those interested in the state of modern physics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[31809] viXra:1910.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 06:00:20

Chiral Asymmetry of D. Hofstadter’s Typogenetics

Authors: Perry W Swanborough
Comments: 12 Pages.

Typographical genetics (“Typogenetics”) introduced by Douglas Hofstadter in 1979 is an abstract recursive logic system which has been studied subsequently for insights into self-reproduction. There are immediately-observable asymmetries in the early formulations of Typogenetics, but after design of a triplet-codon Typogenetics to eliminate these, fundamental irreducible asymmetry remains. It is noted that both Typogenetics and self-reproduction of cellular automaton loop structures share the property of chiral asymmetry.
Category: Physics of Biology

[31808] viXra:1910.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 06:06:35

Opencell: a Hypothetical Cure for a Genetic Disease, or Cancer, Using a Simulation Like Openworm

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

A simulation of a cure on a complete mathematical model of a human cell may be possible, to accelerate pharmacological research
Category: Physics of Biology

[31807] viXra:1910.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 09:19:32

A Moduli Space in Riemannian Geometry

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in french

A moduli space is defined for any riemannian manifold.
Category: Geometry

[31806] viXra:1910.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 11:19:35

Analysis of Five Galaxies with Flat Rotation Curves

Authors: Gene H. Barbee
Comments: 22 Pages. Please contact me at genebarbee@msn.com

Flat galaxy rotation curves are unexpected observations. Differences between expectations and observations allow us to learn. Most cosmologists today attribute the difference between observed flat and calculated declining Newtonian velocity curves to dark matter despite decades of failed efforts to identify it. This paper examines data for five galaxies. Physics for flat galaxy velocity curves is proposed that preserves Newtonian gravitation and explains the flat velocity profiles. The proposal shows that a known quantum effect that physicists call spin actually scales to the galactic scale. The calculation procedure is straightforward and matches data. Data for planets in our solar system is discussed. Dark matter is not required in this approach.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31805] viXra:1910.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 13:24:41

Magnetic Field Evolves to Gravity Field\\ Part:4 Atomic Structure

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 7 Pages.

The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) suggests gravity emerges from magnetic effects of hods in matter structures. The suggested structure of electrons formed from disc magnets is expanded to describe atomic structure. The model improvement is the STOE atomic structure is more closely related to observations of Maxwell's Equations, of interference phenomena including those that reject wave models, and of cosmology through common basic components of the universe. The formation of atomic structure by magnetic rather than electric forces suggests all matter is composed of magnetic structures.
Category: Classical Physics

[31804] viXra:1910.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 22:27:52

On Prime Numbers Ⅸ~Special Edition~

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

I was suprised.
Category: Number Theory

[31803] viXra:1910.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 01:31:23

Material Power Quantum Computer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

"We've found that a certain superconducting material contains special properties that could be the building blocks for technology of the future," says Yufan Li, a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Physics & Astronomy at The Johns Hopkins University and the paper's first author. [50] Researchers have successfully used sound waves to control quantum information in a single electron, a significant step towards efficient, robust quantum computers made from semiconductors. [49] Searching for new substances and developing new techniques in the chemical industry: tasks that are often accelerated using computer simulations of molecules or reactions. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31802] viXra:1910.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 02:45:25

Factorization of the Numbers of the Form N + N ^ 2

Authors: Pedro Hugo García Peláez
Comments: 4 Pages.

Factorization of the numbers of the form n + n ^ 2 it can be done with a certain algorithm.
Category: Number Theory

[31801] viXra:1910.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 02:53:16

Factorización de Los Números Naturales de la Forma N+n^2

Authors: Pedro Hugo García Peláez
Comments: 4 Pages.

Los números de la forma n+n^2 se pueden factorizar con un cierto algoritmo.
Category: Number Theory

[31800] viXra:1910.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 03:14:15

Biomimetic Energy Transport

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Scientists from the University of Groningen (the Netherlands) and the University of Würzburg (Germany) have investigated a simple biomimetic light-harvesting system using advanced spectroscopy combined with a microfluidic platform. [42] Gallium nitride, a semiconductor that revolutionized energy-efficient LED lighting, could also transform electronics and wireless communication, thanks to a discovery made by Cornell researchers. [41] The signals from a lighthouse to ships at sea is an early example of optical communication, the use of light to transmit information. [40]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31799] viXra:1910.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 04:12:36

Explore Unknown Energy Regions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 87 Pages.

State University physicists are using photon-proton collisions to capture particles in an unexplored energy region, yielding new insights into the matter that binds parts of the nucleus together. [48] Scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow have found further confirmation of this assumption, this time, in the high energy collision of protons with protons or lead nuclei. [47] Ten years ago, just about any nuclear physicist could tell you the approximate size of the proton. But that changed in 2010, when atomic physicists unveiled a new method that promised a more precise measurement. [46] "Spin has surprises. Everybody thought it's simple … and it turns out it's much more complicated," Aschenauer says. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission-and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP)-the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31798] viXra:1910.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 04:36:03

Nanotubes Control Laser Pulses

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

An international team of scientists led by researchers from the Laboratory of Nanomaterials at the Skoltech Center for Photonics and Quantum Materials (CPQM) has shown that the nonlinear optical response of carbon nanotubes can be controlled by electrochemical gating. [45] The ever-more-humble carbon nanotube may be just the device to make solar panels—and anything else that loses energy through heat—far more efficient. [44] When traversing a solid material such as glass, a light wave can deposit part of its energy in a mechanical wave, leading to a color change of the light. [43]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31797] viXra:1910.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 04:51:41

Nanostructures Reduce Adhesion of Bacteria

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Now a team of researchers has discovered that precise analysis of the topographical composition of nanostructured surfaces provides a direct means of deriving the adhesive forces that bind bacteria to a surface. [38] The group of NanoBiotechnology at IMDEA Nanociencia, led by Prof. Álvaro Somoza, has used gold nanoclusters coated with albumin to facilitate the attachment of two active molecules for the treatment of breast cancer. [37] Microtubules are protein polymers that assemble into dynamic structures, essential for cell division, shape, motility, and transport of intracellular cargos. [36]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31796] viXra:1910.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 04:56:18

Aladdin’s City Agrabah as Endtimes Babylon & Jerusalem Aka Atlantis

Authors: Leon Elshout
Comments: 1 Page.

Agrabah is to my opinion mirrored into time and space and is the dual city of endtimes Babylon and Jerusalem. As Atlantis was. - by leon elshout, almelo, NL, - roodgoudvanparvaim.nl (aurichalcum2018 at protonmail.com)
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[31795] viXra:1910.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 06:38:15

Compiler Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 92 Pages.

A new paper from researchers at the University of Chicago introduces a technique for compiling highly optimized quantum instructions that can be executed on near-term hardware. [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[31794] viXra:1910.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 07:37:00

Photochemistry of the Atmosphere

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

One such process has now been elucidated by a team led by Prof. Matthias Kling and Dr. Boris Bergues at the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (LAP), which is jointly run by Ludwig-Maximilians Universität (LMU) and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ). [30] Photoacoustic computed tomography (PACT) is a non-invasive hybrid imaging technique that excites biological tissues with light and detects the subsequently generated ultrasound to form images. [29] ETH researchers have integrated two CRISPR-Cas9-based core processors into human cells. This represents a huge step towards creating powerful biocomputers. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[31793] viXra:1910.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 08:32:10

Controlling Superconducting Regions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers at EPFL have created a metallic microdevice in which they can define and tune patterns of superconductivity. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed a method to accurately measure the "exact edge" or onset at which a magnetic field enters a superconducting material. [19] TU Wien has now made a major advance towards achieving this goal and, at the same time, has furthered an understanding of why conventional materials only become superconducting at around-200°C [18] The emerging field of spintronics leverages electron spin and magnetization. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31792] viXra:1910.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 08:52:17

The Einstein Posthumous Phrase

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 12 Pages, 2 Figures.

‘However, at the moment nobody knows how to find the basis of this theory’ is the final phase in the final scientific study of the greatest physicist of the 20th century Albert Einstein published at the year of his death (he died April 18, 1955). The article ‘Relativistic theory of the asymmetric field’ is barely cited by the physicist because in it Einstein practically rejected all the scientific knowledge to which he devoted his life and proposes to start everything anew.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[31791] viXra:1910.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 08:56:00

Radiation Detector Boosts Quantum Work

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Researchers from Aalto University and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland have built a super-sensitive bolometer, a type of thermal radiation detector. [50] Researchers have successfully used sound waves to control quantum information in a single electron, a significant step towards efficient, robust quantum computers made from semiconductors. [49] Searching for new substances and developing new techniques in the chemical industry: tasks that are often accelerated using computer simulations of molecules or reactions. [48] Quantum networks can be practically implemented to interface with different quantum systems. In order to photonically link hybrid systems with combined unique properties of each constituent system, scientists must integrate sources with the same photon emission wavelength. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31790] viXra:1910.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 09:15:13

Cognitive Decline After Stroke

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

With a single MRI brain scan and an automated tissue segmentation tool, researchers from the UK can predict cognitive problems in individuals with stroke-related small vessel disease in the brain. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43]
Category: Mind Science

[31789] viXra:1910.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 16:25:26

Refutation of Goldbach Succession Gaps to Prove the Strong Conjecture and Twin Primes

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the definition of the Goldbach succession gap (GSG) as not tautologous and contradictory. This means that if the fact of each gap of zero order in a GSG as the difference of squares is based on a contradiction, then Goldbach's strong conjecture and twin primes conjecture are also refuted. Initial proof of the theorem of succession by the inference of induction weakens further the arrival at a definition of GSG . These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Number Theory

[31788] viXra:1910.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 16:35:34

Unbias Coding(™): a Meditation.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages.

The blue ribbon of free speech was taunted, may be it is the Unbias Coding(™) by A.B, my company. ChatterBoxing with the network, I meditate in this publication on OOPS, NLP and the wigner universe, can we evolve self conscious machines, without the diagonal paradox? Read my reflections and share yours at the miyawaki spam free mail address. Keywords: Approximation, iSense, metamodels, machine evolution, code generation, OOPS, NLP, Cheap Talk, Sand Boxing, Wolfram Cloud and Script, Wisdom Capital.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31787] viXra:1910.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 18:32:05

Tutorial: Continuous-Function on Closed Interval Basics, with Mean-Value and Taylor Theorem Upshots

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 5 Pages.

This tutorial explores the relation of the local concept of a function's continuity to its global consequences on closed intervals, such as a continuous function's unavoidable boundedness on a closed interval, its attainment of its least upper and greatest lower bounds on that interval, and its unavoidable assumption on that closed interval of all of the values which lie between that minimum and maximum. In a nutshell, continuous functions map closed intervals into closed intervals. It is understandable that verifying this astonishing fact involves subtle and very intricate manipulation of the least-upper-bound/greatest-lower-bound postulate for the real numbers. In conjunction with the basic inequality properties of integrals, this continuous-function fact immediately implies the integral form of the mean-value theorem, which is parlayed into its differential form by the fundamental theorem of the calculus. Taylor expansion and its error estimation are additional fascinating developments intertwined with these lines of thinking.
Category: General Mathematics

[31786] viXra:1910.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 19:46:27

The Nobel Prizes Is Antithetical to the Contemporary Sciences

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 2 Pages.

The prize systems inability to sustain their grip on long-term interests represents the prize systems tendency for jubilant decline.
Category: Social Science

[31785] viXra:1910.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 01:52:58

[ Julia+flux-ML Library+polly-LLVM+QRNG Services/quantum Devices+qrng Library ] in the Context of Understanding [ Machine Learning-Ml/internet of Things-Iot/hpc High Performance Computing ] Based Advanced Medical Imaging Software R&D

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ Julia+Flux-ML Library+Polly-LLVM+QRNG Services/Quantum Devices+qrng library ] in the Context of Understanding [ Machine Learning-ML/Internet of Things-IoT/HPC -High Performance Computing ] based Advanced Medical Imaging Software R&D – A Simple & Useful Suggestion.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31784] viXra:1910.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 04:00:03

Nanoscale Manipulation of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Scientists in the Theoretical Nanophotonics Group at The University of New Mexico's Department of Physics and Astronomy have made an exciting new advancement to this end, in a pioneering research effort titled "Analysis of the Limits of the Near-Field Produced by Nanoparticle Arrays," published recently in the journal, ACS Nano, a top journal in the field of nanotechnology. [32] The precision of measuring nanoscopic structures could be substantially improved, thanks to research involving the University of Warwick and QuantIC researchers at the University of Glasgow and Heriot Watt University into optical sensing. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31783] viXra:1910.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 04:20:42

The Structure and Properties of Elementary Particles

Authors: S. Reucroft, E. G.H.Williams
Comments: 19 Pages.

We have developed simple models of the elementary particles based on the assumption that the particle interior is influenced by just two force fields, gravity and electrostatics. The fundamental particles are electrons, positrons, neutrinos and photons. All the other elementary particles are composed of these fundamental entities. A semi-classical approach is used to obtain simple expressions that give properties all in good agreement with experimental results. This approach is able to make several predictions. For example: All the elementary particles are composed of the particles they decay into. All particles are made of matter. There is no antimatter. The muon is not point-like. It is a composite particle with internal structure. Neutrinos have a small quantity of mass and charge. The neutron also has a small charge determined by the charge of its neutrino. A particle's lifetime is determined by its size relative to its Schwarzschild radius. Single protons should be produced in electron-positron collisions below the two-proton energy threshold.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31782] viXra:1910.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 04:24:56

Nanoparticles Impact on Environment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

This discovery at the chemistry-biology interface is a first step toward developing new sustainable materials and practices, as well as providing the groundwork for possible remediation approaches." [38] Researchers at University of Utah Health developed a proof-of-concept technology using nanoparticles that could offer a new approach for oral medications. [37] Using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), extremely high resolution imaging of the molecule-covered surface structures of silver nanoparticles is possible, even down to the recognition of individual parts of the molecules protecting the surface. [36] A fiber optic sensing system developed by researchers in China and Canada can peer inside supercapacitors and batteries to observe their state of charge. [35] The idea of using a sound wave in optical fibers initially came from the team's partner researchers at Bar-Ilan University in Israel. Joint research projects should follow. [34] Researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have constructed a first-of-its-kind optic isolator based on resonance of light waves on a rapidly rotating glass sphere. [33] The micro-resonator is a two-mirror trap for the light, with the mirrors facing each other within several hundred nanometers. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31781] viXra:1910.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 04:41:42

Carbon Nanotube Network

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

The results provide opportunities to improve the conductivity of similar hybrid nanomaterials. The article was published in "ACS Nano" in September 2019. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31780] viXra:1910.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 04:57:59

Modified Quantum Dots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have synthesized magnetically-doped quantum dots that capture the kinetic energy of electrons created by ultraviolet light before it's wasted as heat. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31779] viXra:1910.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 07:42:33

On the Possible Mathematical Connections Between Some Equations of Certain Dirichlet Series, Some Equations of D-Branes and Ramanujan Formula that Link π, e and the Golden Ratio. II

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 308 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have described some new mathematical connections between some equations of certain Dirichlet series, some equations of D-Branes and Rogers-Ramanujan formulas that link π, e and ϕ.
Category: Number Theory

[31778] viXra:1910.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 09:52:49

Conjectures About Modulated Maxwell Signals And, Or, Ranada Solutions.

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: 20 Pages. In Italian

I present some methods to generate electromagnetic fields wich, in my opinion, have a good chance to represent linked and knotted fields and, maybe, the electron.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31777] viXra:1910.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 10:37:38

Distance Record in Spin Qubits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Rochester and Purdue University have demonstrated the ability to manipulate the interactions between electron spin qubits in the form of spin swapping between electron pairs. [29] Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have synthesized magnetically-doped quantum dots that capture the kinetic energy of electrons created by ultraviolet light before it's wasted as heat. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31776] viXra:1910.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 11:03:15

Materials in the Quantum Realm

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

As reported in Nature Physics, a Berkeley Lab-led team of physicists and materials scientists was the first to unambiguously observe and document the unique optical phenomena that occur in certain types of synthetic materials called moire; superlattices. [46] Physicists at the University of Basel have now shown for the first time the combination with a third layer can result in new material properties also in a three-layer sandwich of carbon and boron nitride. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz “could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates,” Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31775] viXra:1910.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 11:10:21

Physical Cosmology (in Russian)

Authors: P.J.E. Peebles
Comments: 312 Pages. in Russian

The proposed book is devoted to modern ideas about the physical processes occurring in the Universe, from the early stages of cosmological expansion to the modern era. High scientific level is combined with simplicity and accessibility of presentation . The author avoids cumbersome mathematical calculations, focusing on the physics of the problem. The book summarizes the research on cosmology, carried out recently around the world including in the USSR. The great achievements of observational and theoretical cosmology in recent times have a General recognition value. An extremely wide range of readers will find in the proposed book answers to questions that concern mankind since time immemorial. The book is a valuable tool for physicists and astronomers, both students and professionals, especially beginners in science.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31774] viXra:1910.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 11:27:11

Single Photons from Trapped Ion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

Quantum networks can be practically implemented to interface with different quantum systems. In order to photonically link hybrid systems with combined unique properties of each constituent system, scientists must integrate sources with the same photon emission wavelength. [47] As reported in Nature Physics, a Berkeley Lab-led team of physicists and materials scientists was the first to unambiguously observe and document the unique optical phenomena that occur in certain types of synthetic materials called moire; superlattices. [46] Physicists at the University of Basel have now shown for the first time the combination with a third layer can result in new material properties also in a three-layer sandwich of carbon and boron nitride. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31773] viXra:1910.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 12:27:12

Simulation of Quantum Chemistry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

Searching for new substances and developing new techniques in the chemical industry: tasks that are often accelerated using computer simulations of molecules or reactions. [48] Quantum networks can be practically implemented to interface with different quantum systems. In order to photonically link hybrid systems with combined unique properties of each constituent system, scientists must integrate sources with the same photon emission wavelength. [47] As reported in Nature Physics, a Berkeley Lab-led team of physicists and materials scientists was the first to unambiguously observe and document the unique optical phenomena that occur in certain types of synthetic materials called moire; superlattices. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31772] viXra:1910.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 12:44:20

Quantum Electrons on Sound Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

Researchers have successfully used sound waves to control quantum information in a single electron, a significant step towards efficient, robust quantum computers made from semiconductors. [49] Searching for new substances and developing new techniques in the chemical industry: tasks that are often accelerated using computer simulations of molecules or reactions. [48] Quantum networks can be practically implemented to interface with different quantum systems. In order to photonically link hybrid systems with combined unique properties of each constituent system, scientists must integrate sources with the same photon emission wavelength. [47] As reported in Nature Physics, a Berkeley Lab-led team of physicists and materials scientists was the first to unambiguously observe and document the unique optical phenomena that occur in certain types of synthetic materials called moire; superlattices. [46] Physicists at the University of Basel have now shown for the first time the combination with a third layer can result in new material properties also in a three-layer sandwich of carbon and boron nitride. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31771] viXra:1910.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 13:02:57

Einstein Did not Understand Special Theory of Relativity. How to Accelerate Electrons to the Speed of Light

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 439 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

Einstein did not understand Special Theory of Relativity. How to accelerate electrons to the speed of light “Einstein, your professors did not understand STR because the photon has the rest mass m0 = 0, and all the particles have m0 > 0, this means the maximum speed for these particles v < c and their m and E will not be infinite” Adrian Ferent “In Einstein equations and theories are singularities, infinite mass and energy, gravitational singularity, because Einstein did not understand Special relativity and Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “The electron is composed of a photon and a Dark Matter electron” Adrian Ferent “In particle accelerators they accelerate the electric charge, the photon inside the electron with m0 > 0, this means all the time the speed of the electron v < c” Adrian Ferent “What the scientists, the Nobel Laureates, your professors… do not understand? When the electron is accelerated gains kinetic energy and when the electron – positron collide the kinetic energy is transferred to the photons and Dark Matter electrons” Adrian Ferent “To accelerate the electron to the speed of light must be acted upon Dark Matter electron” Adrian Ferent ”In Ferent Quantum Gravity Dark Photons and Gravitons are faster than light” Adrian Ferent “To accelerate the electron to the speed of light must be acted upon Dark Matter electron with Dark Photons or Gravitons” Adrian Ferent “The electron at the speed of light it will be broken down into high energy photon and Dark Matter electron” Adrian Ferent “Near the Black Holes gravitons accelerate electrons to the speed of light and they break them in high energy photons and Dark Matter electrons” Adrian Ferent The relativistic mass in STR, m is: the rest mass m0 You learned from Einstein, your professors that when v = c, m and E goes to infinity and that’s not physically possible. In particle accelerators scientists try to accelerate electrons to the speed of light. Because the scientists do not understand what the electron is, they do not understand what they doing there. “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron” Adrian Ferent “Between the Ferent time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s and the Planck time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created the Dark Matter electrons” Adrian Ferent “When the photons were created, the photons with the energy 0.5 MeV and the Dark Matter electrons created the electrons” Adrian Ferent “Einstein, your professors did not understand STR because the photon has the rest mass m0 = 0, and all the particles have m0 > 0, this means the maximum speed for these particles v < c and their m and E will not be infinite” Adrian Ferent “In Einstein equations and theories are singularities, infinite mass and energy, gravitational singularity, because Einstein did not understand Special relativity and Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent “The electron is composed of a photon and a Dark Matter electron” Adrian Ferent “I calculated the charge created by the photon with f = 10^20 Hz inside the electron Q = 1.6 × 10^(-19) C, the electron charge” Adrian Ferent “In particle accelerators they accelerate the electric charge, the photon inside the electron with m0 > 0, this means all the time the speed of the electron v < c” Adrian Ferent In 2019 the Nobel Prizes were awarded to scientists who do not understand Dark Matter, to scientists who discovered batteries, to scientists who discovered how cells sense oxygen, nothing at Planck level or beyond! “What the scientists, the Nobel Laureates, your professors… do not understand? When the electron is accelerated gains kinetic energy and when the electron – positron collide the kinetic energy is transferred to the photons and Dark Matter electrons” Adrian Ferent They started Stealing from Ferent Quantum Gravity: How Dark Matter was created before the Planck wall, How Stars and Planets were formed around Dark Matter… https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.061302 https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.141301 How to accelerate electrons to the speed of light? Because in Ferent Quantum Gravity the electron is composed of a photon and a Dark Matter electron, acting on a photon how I explained it is not possible in particle accelerators. “To accelerate the electron to the speed of light must be acted upon Dark Matter electron” Adrian Ferent ”In Ferent Quantum Gravity Dark Photons and Gravitons are faster than light” Adrian Ferent “To accelerate the electron to the speed of light must be acted upon Dark Matter electron with Dark Photons or Gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for N elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent What will happen with the electron at the speed of light? Not the infinite mass and energy how you learned from your professors! “The electron at the speed of light it will be broken down into high energy photon and Dark Matter electron” Adrian Ferent In Ferent Quantum Gravity: “Black Holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Near the Black Holes gravitons accelerate electrons to the speed of light and they break them in high energy photons and Dark Matter electrons” Adrian Ferent I published this article because today is my Birthday! Remembering my Parents on my Birthday! 257. I am the first who discovered that Einstein, your professors did not understand STR because the photon has the rest mass m0 = 0, and all the particles have m0 > 0, this means the maximum speed for these particles v < c and their m and E will not be infinite 258. I am the first who explained that in Einstein equations and theories are singularities, infinite mass and energy, gravitational singularity, because Einstein did not understand Special relativity and Gravitation 259. I am the first who discovered that the electron is composed of a photon and a Dark Matter electron 260. I am the first who discovered that in particle accelerators they accelerate the electric charge, the photon inside the electron with m0 > 0, this means all the time the speed of the electron v < c 261. I am the first who discovered what the scientists, the Nobel Laureates, your professors… do not understand? When the electron is accelerated gains kinetic energy and when the electron – positron collide the kinetic energy is transferred to the photons and Dark Matter electrons 262. I am the first who discovered that to accelerate the electron to the speed of light must be acted upon Dark Matter electron 263. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity Dark Photons and Gravitons are faster than light 264. I am the first who discovered that to accelerate the electron to the speed of light must be acted upon Dark Matter electron with Dark Photons or Gravitons 265. I am the first who discovered that the electron at the speed of light it will be broken down into high energy photon and Dark Matter electron 266. I am the first who discovered that near the Black Holes gravitons accelerate electrons to the speed of light and they break them in high energy photons and Dark Matter electrons
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31770] viXra:1910.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 13:37:08

Key Components of Quantum Technologies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Münster (Germany) have now developed an interface that couples light sources for single photons with nanophotonic networks. [35] Researchers led by Delft University of Technology personnel have made two steps in the conversion of quantum states between signals in the microwave and optical domains. [34] A scientist involved in expanding quantum communication to a network of users, is continuing his work at the University of Bristol. [33] In recent years, nanofabricated mechanical oscillators have emerged as a promising platform for quantum information applications. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31769] viXra:1910.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 20:35:31

General Vector Algebra for Relativistic Spacetime and Its Application to Electromagnetism

Authors: Lei Wang, Xuetao Gan, Qinyue Tan, Jinghui Xu, Diyi Chen
Comments: 8 Pages.

Physical laws in spacetime are commonly represented by tensors. However, it is possible to give a vector form to them, where the vectors follow quite simple rules of sum, product and commutation. We present here a self-contained vector algebra for relativistic spacetime, which is a simplification and generalization of geometric (Clifford) and spacetime algebras, and apply it to electromagnetic theory. We emphasize that the vector algebra is convenient to use and flexible enough to accommodate Euclidean geometry and the symmetries of relativistic spacetime, providing an excellent mathematical framework for physics in spacetime.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31768] viXra:1910.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 22:15:21

Refutation of Condensable Models of Set Theory by Satisfaction Classes

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the first axiom for satisfaction of classes which is not tautologous. That, as one of four axioms for a conjunction, in turn refutes a Tarski theorem as the basis of satisfaction classes. That in turn refutes the conjecture of condensable models of set theory. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[31767] viXra:1910.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 23:13:58

Reduction Energy in Warped Region in Alcubierre Warp Drive

Authors: Gianluca Perniciano
Comments: 7 Pages.

A solution of general relativity is presented that describes an Alcubierre propulsion system in which it is possible to travel at superluminal speed while reducing the energy, by an arbitrary value
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31766] viXra:1910.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 07:06:07

Mistakes in Mathematical Formalism of the Stephen Hawking's Doctoral Thesis

Authors: Horacio useche losada
Comments: 3 Pages. The erros of Stephen Hawking in his PhD Thesis

We present to the international scientific community a series of misprint and some mathematical mistake found in Stephen Hawking's doctoral thesis, titled \Properties of Expanding Universe". These errors have been found as a result of my translation work into Spanish of the aforementioned thesis
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31765] viXra:1910.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 07:17:22

N-Ésimo Primo. Primer Millón de Números Primos Calculados Con Una Fórmula Para el N-Ésimo Primo

Authors: Horacio useche losada
Comments: 25 Pages. Primer millón de números primos calculados con una fórmula para el n-ésimo primo

Conseguir una fórmula, un procedimiento o algoritmo para computar el n- ésimo primo, ha sido siempre un viejo anhelo de los matemáticos. Sin em- bargo, en la literatura cientı́fica solo se reportan fórmulas basadas en el teo- rema de Wilson, las cuales, carecen de un valor práctico y solo pueden tener un interés estrictamente teórico, ya que no se puede llegar muy lejos al in- tentar su uso en cálculos concretos. Esta investigación retoma un trabajo del profesor Ramón Fandiño,1 el cual, presenta en 1980 una relación funcional a partir de la cual se puede com- putar el n-ésimo primo en función de los n − 1 primos anteriores. Para con- seguir el objetivo, el profesor Fandiño realiza cinco ajustes, tres por mı́nimos cuadrados y dos por técnicas implementadas por él mismo, con lo cual con- sigue calcular los primeros 5000 primos. Siguiendo la lı́nea de investigación del citado profesor, pero haciendo al- gunos cambios importantes en el modelo matemático usado y con un menor número de ajustes, he conseguido computar un millón de números pri- mos, advirtiendo que es posible computar muchos más,2 si se cuenta con las herramientas de hardware adecuadas. En esta ocasión, he usado un PC casero3 , una máquina corriente que logró computar dicha cantidad en tan solo una hora y 21 minutos! Para hacernos una idea del esfuerzo computacional, en su momento el profesor Fandiño utilizó, no un PC, sino un computador de verdad, un IBM 360/44 que era la máquina más poderosa del centro de cómputo de la UN (y posiblemente de Colombia).4 Con un “juguete”de cómputo, me complace presentar esta cifra que se enmarca en una polı́tica denominada “resultados sorprendentes con recursos mediocres”tal y como acontece con otros trabajos de este autor (ver [5], [6], y [7]). Espero muy pronto superar esta cifra usando un hardware más poderoso, naturalmente.
Category: Number Theory

[31764] viXra:1910.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 09:09:54

A Moduli Space in Spinorial Geometry

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 3 pages, written in french

A moduli space is defined over a spin manifold by mean of the Dirac operator, finite dimensionality and compactness are discussed.
Category: Geometry

[31763] viXra:1910.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 09:15:16

Remote Sensing and Computer Science

Authors: Alex Charria
Comments: 7 Pages.

The implications of optimal archetypes have been far-reaching and pervasive. In fact, few analysts would disagree with the visualization of neural networks. While such a hypothesis is largely an appropriate objective, it is supported by existing work in the field. Our focus in this paper is not on whether A* search can be made peer-to-peer, pseudorandom, and pseudorandom, but rather on presenting a real-time tool for visualizing RAID [1]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[31762] viXra:1910.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 09:26:12

Summation of Infinite Number Series and Calculation of Dimensions in String Theory

Authors: Rishi Raj
Comments: 3 Pages.

The following paper can change the view of string theorists on how they calculate the dimensions in string theory and also provides an important insight into mathematics. I have shown all this in layman terms and hope that this is useful.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[31761] viXra:1910.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 09:41:18

Electrons Cooling Nanotube Resonators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Carbon nanotube mechanical resonators have shown to be excellent ultra-high sensitive devices for the study of new physical phenomena at the nanoscale level (e.g. spin physics, quantum electron transport, surface science, and light-matter interaction). [45] The ever-more-humble carbon nanotube may be just the device to make solar panels—and anything else that loses energy through heat—far more efficient. [44] When traversing a solid material such as glass, a light wave can deposit part of its energy in a mechanical wave, leading to a color change of the light. [43]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31760] viXra:1910.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 10:09:21

The Collatz Conjecture. Order and Harmony in the Sequence Numbers

Authors: Miguel Cerdá Bennassar
Comments: 35 Pages.

Abstract: I propose a numerical table that demonstrates visually that the sequences formed with Collatz's algorithm always reach 1.
Category: Number Theory

[31759] viXra:1910.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 10:18:20

DNA-PAINT Microscopy at Speed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Recent advances in fluorescence microscopy allow researchers to study biological processes below the classical diffraction limit of light. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are now able to see greater details of DNA origami nanostructures, which will lead to a greater understanding and control of their assembly for future applications. [19] Nanocages are highly interesting molecular constructs, from the point of view of both fundamental science and possible applications. [18]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31758] viXra:1910.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 12:27:43

Hamiltonian Learning Quantum Spin Register

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Researchers have developed an efficient way to characterize the effective many-body Hamiltonian of the solid-state spin system associated with a nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centre in diamond. [32] Their goal is to create an observable case of quantum spin ice, a bizarre magnetic state found in a special class of materials that could lead to advances in quantum computing technologies. [31] Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson. [30] Electrons in graphene-an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike-move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31757] viXra:1910.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 12:33:01

Mind+Logic

Authors: Mohamed Ababou
Comments: 04 Pages.

The theory of Numbers have an end is a renaissance and a global scientific revolution. -Mohamed Ababou-
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[31756] viXra:1910.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 12:38:35

Connecting Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Researchers led by Delft University of Technology personnel have made two steps in the conversion of quantum states between signals in the microwave and optical domains. [34] A scientist involved in expanding quantum communication to a network of users, is continuing his work at the University of Bristol. [33] In recent years, nanofabricated mechanical oscillators have emerged as a promising platform for quantum information applications. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31755] viXra:1910.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 12:48:00

Way to Hear Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

The team found signatures of axion particles composed of Weyl-type electrons (Weyl fermions) in the correlated Weyl semimetal (TaSe4)2I. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[31754] viXra:1910.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 22:37:24

Thoughts Are Faster Than Light

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 10 Pages.

When I read the probabilities of quantum mechanics and general relativity, I was wondering why physicists do not have the general Japanese philosophy that thoughts are transmitted to the entire universe in an instant. Perhaps it was an idea that I had personally as I traveled across various religions. In quantum mechanics, it is a thought that “at the time of observation, there is an inexact interaction between two substances”.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31753] viXra:1910.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 23:36:45

Moon Orbital Motion Analysis (III)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 20 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses…. -The Moon Is A Light Beam (with known velocity 0.3 mkm) Sent From Uranus Carrying Energy To Earth -The moon orbit is created by 1 second motion of light beam (with supposed velocity 1.16 mkm/sec). -The moon passes through the moon orbit– which causes interaction or coherence between these 2 light beams (1.16mkm/sec – 0.3 mkm/sec) -Based on this interaction the moon who was a light beam will be a planet (Transformation From Light State Into Matter State) -The Moon Energy (As Light Beam) Is Stored. -The Moon seeks to transport its energy to Earth -Through Solar Eclipse Phenomena the moon transports the energy it carries from Uranus to Earth -Energy is transported based on quantized measurements -Solar eclipse cycles and calendars are so important because these periods tell when the energy quantum is ready to be used -Solar Eclipse Job (Conclusion) Solar eclipse phenomena transports the energy from the moon to Earth through the Solar Umbra –
Category: Astrophysics

[31752] viXra:1910.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 02:07:26

On Prime NumbersⅧ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 49 Pages.

This is primes⑧
Category: Number Theory

[31751] viXra:1910.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 19:35:03

Refutation of Inconsistency of Arithmetic Based on Goldbach Conjecture

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate Wüsthofen’s conjecture and counter-example in the title, Benzmüller’s confirmation of Wüsthofen’s conjecture, and Benzmüller’s counter model to Wüsthofen’s counter-example: all four are not tautologous. The claim that the paper in LaTex extension of the proof assistant Isabelle/HOL constitutes a verified proof document is also refuted. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Number Theory

[31750] viXra:1910.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 11:21:01

Equations of Motion in the Theory of Relativistic Vector Fields

Authors: Sergey G. Fedosin
Comments: 27 Pages. International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 83, pp. 12-30 (2019). doi: 10.18052/www.scipress.com/ILCPA.83.12

Within the framework of the theory of relativistic vector fields, the covariant expressions are presented for the equations of motion of the matter and the field. These expressions can be written either in terms of the field tensors, that is, the fields’ strengths and solenoidal vectors, or in terms the four-potentials, that is, the fields’ scalar and vector potentials. This state of things is due to the fact that the Lagrange function initially implied the complementarity of description in terms of the strengths and the field potentials. It is shown that the equation for the fields, obtained by taking the covariant derivative in the equation for the metric, has a deeper meaning than the ordinary equation of motion of the matter, found with the help of the principle of least action. In particular, the above-mentioned equation for the fields leads to the generalized Poynting theorem, and after integration over the volume it allows us to introduce for consideration the integral vector as a measure of the energy and the fields’ energy fluxes, associated with a system of particles and fields.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31749] viXra:1910.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 12:30:58

The Binding Energy and the Total Energy of a Macroscopic Body in the Relativistic Uniform Model

Authors: Sergey G. Fedosin
Comments: 16 Pages. Middle East Journal of Science, Vol. 5, Issue 1, pp. 46-62 (2019). doi: 10.23884/mejs.2019.5.1.06

The total energy, binding energy, energy of fields, pressure energy and the potential energy of the system consisting of particles and four fields is precisely calculated in the relativistic uniform model. These energies are compared with the kinetic energy of particles. The relations between the coefficients of the acceleration field and the pressure field independent of the system’s properties are found, which can be expressed in terms of each other and in terms of the gravitational constant and the vacuum permittivity. A noticeable difference is shown between the obtained results and the relations for simple systems in classical mechanics, in which the acceleration field and pressure field are not taken into account or the pressure is considered to be a simple scalar quantity. The conclusion is substantiated that as increasingly massive relativistic uniform systems are formed, the average density of these systems decreases as compared to the average density of the particles or bodies making up these systems. In this case the inertial mass of the massive system is less than the total inertial mass of the system’s parts.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31748] viXra:1910.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 12:34:21

Минимально необходимая локально-нелокальная модель эволюции элементарных частиц и фундаментальных взаимодействий ранней Вселенной

Authors: Vasiliev V. Sergey
Comments: 23 Pages. In Russian

В статье рассматриваются следствия предложенного ранее Ли Смолиным (Lee Smolin) механизма формирования вероятностей в индетерминированнных квантовых процессах. Результатом экстраполяции этих следствий на области физики высоких энергий и физики ранней Вселенной является предложенная в статье модель эволюции элементарных частиц и фундаментальных взаимодействий ранней Вселенной, в которой наблюдаемый сегодня порядок, описываемый Стандартной моделью физики элементарных частиц, развивается в несколько этапов с участием дополняющих друг друга локальных и нелокальных процессов. Включение в модель нелокальных квантовых эффектов позволило сделать её полнее других предшественников и непротиворечиво решить в её рамках некоторые, не решённые в полностью локальных теориях, проблемы, такие как: проблема барионной асимметрии; проблема иерархии фермионных масс; проблема калибровочной иерархии фундаментальных взаимодействий; вопрос о природе и происхождении частиц тёмной материи; экспериментально наблюдаемые в распадах мезонов отклонения от предсказаний Стандартной модели и др. Модель хорошо согласуется с экспериментальными данными, лежащими в основе Стандартной модели и выходящими за рамки её предсказательной силы, совместима с теорией инфляционного расширения Вселенной и космологической моделью $\Lambda$CDM и включает некоторые элементы теорий симметрии и суперсимметрии и теории струн.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31747] viXra:1910.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 13:47:00

Non-Rocket, Non-Reactive Quantum Engine: Idea, Technology, Results, Prospects

Authors: Vladimir Leonov et al.
Comments: 9 Pages, 8 Figures, 2 Tables.

The control tests of the two prototypes of non-jet propulsion of quantum engine KvD-1-2009 (model of 2009) with horizontal thrust and antigravitator KvD-1 with vertical thrust, were conducted on March 3rd, 2018 by a public commission of specialists chaired and initiated by the former Minister of General Machine-Building Industry of the USSR (space branch) Oleg D. Baklanov. KvD-1-2009 developed a specific thrust of more than 100 N/kW, which is more than 100 times more efficient than the liquid rocket engine (LRE).
Category: Quantum Physics

[31746] viXra:1910.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 14:07:01

Is the Brightness of Type Ia Supernovae, Compatible with Special Relativity?

Authors: Dino Bruniera
Comments: The file contains two versions of the paper: English, pages 1-3 and Italian, pages 4-6

The observations show that the apparent brightness of type Ia supernovae is about 25% lower than that expected. Which would shows that the speed of expansion of the Universe is accelerating. But with this paper I will show that, instead, it shows that the formula is not correct, because it considers the cosmological redshift as a factor of expansion of space, while it is not. And since the cosmological redshift is considered as the factor of expansion of the Universe, to respect what say the Special Relativity, the demonstration that it cannot be, does not prove that the theory is not compatible with the apparent brightness of distant celestial objects?
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31745] viXra:1910.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 17:15:21

Confusion in the Matrix: Going Beyond the Roc Curve

Authors: Stephen Borstelmann, Saurabh Jha
Comments: 11 Pages. all rights reserved by the authors; no reproduction without attribution / citation

Artificial intelligence algorithms are being created on both investigationally and commercially. Evaluation of their performance is important for developers, investigators, clinical physicians, and regulatory agencies. No clear consensus exists on what metrics are best for algorithmic evaluation for AI and ML applications in radiology. We review the basics of the confusion matrix, continue to single number summary values such as accuracy, F1 score, and ɸ coefficient, and then discuss Receiver Operator Curves and their derivatives, Precision Recall Curves, and Cost Curves. Recommendations are made for potential future directions and what currently may be best practices in algorithmic evaluation metrics.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31744] viXra:1910.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 00:05:22

Moon Orbital Motion Analysis (II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Moon orbital Motion Direction is defined based on the following factors: 1-Masses Gravity forces definition for the moon motion direction is correct. But 2-The moon principle motion is done similar to Earth motion – i.e. a motion on straight line inclining with 0.985 degrees per solar day 3-Because Earth motion =2.58 mkm and moon motion becomes 2.41 mkm –this difference in velocities causes the motion in straight line to be seen in parabola So – points 2 & 3 should be taken into consideration before using Masses gravity to define the moon orbital motion direction 4-Venus effect on the moon orbit causes its regression 19 degrees yearly and that effect on the moon orbital motion 5-Saturn and Uranus interaction effects on the moon orbital motion and defined the moon motion main points That means There are 5 factors effect on the moon orbital motion direction
Category: Astrophysics

[31743] viXra:1910.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 00:06:45

On Prime NumbersⅦ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 23 Pages.

This is on primes⑦
Category: Number Theory

[31742] viXra:1910.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 00:59:49

Refutation of Pythagorean Triples

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the definition of Pythagorean triples as not tautologous. This invalidates its subsequent use with Ramsey colorings and the computerized proof using the inference of induction as based thereon. These conjectures form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[31741] viXra:1910.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 06:37:37

On the Possible Mathematical Connections Between Some Equations of Certain Dirichlet Series, Some Equations of D-Branes and Rogers-Ramanujan Formulas that Link π, e and the Golden Ratio. I

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 153 Pages.

In this research thesis, we have described some new mathematical connections between some equations of certain Dirichlet series, some equations of D-Branes and Rogers-Ramanujan formulas that link π, e and ϕ.
Category: Number Theory

[31740] viXra:1910.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 06:50:03

Prime Numbers and Its Pattern in Simple Logo

Authors: Suraj Deshmukh
Comments: 7 Pages.

In This paper we will use a simple Logo software to demonstrate a possible pattern in prime numbers. We Will see how primes show a tendency to retrace the path of other primes.
Category: Number Theory

[31739] viXra:1910.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 07:07:54

A Technical Report on 'The Inconsistency of Arithmetic'

Authors: David Streit, Christoph Benzmüller
Comments: 12 Pages.

The present paper is a technical report on 'The Inconsistency of Arithmetic' available on http://vixra.org/abs/1904.0428. It contains a formalized analysis where the authors claim to "constitute a verified proof document" by an automated verification using the proof assistant 'Isabelle / HOL'. In order to refute the key statement (II) on page 2 of the inconsistency proof, the authors seek to create a countermodel. However, this model is based on an erroneous application of predicate logic. The crucial point is the lemma on page 7 which is proved wrongly. For that statement becoming true, the two sets S1, S2 have to exist for the case that (G) is true and for the case that (G) is false, and not the other way around: if (G) is true there is a pair of unequal sets that does the job and if (G) is false there is another pair.
Category: Number Theory

[31738] viXra:1910.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 07:13:37

Cesium Vapor Search for Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

With their new technique, the scientists have now accessed a hitherto unexplored frequency range in which, as postulated in relaxion theory, the effects of certain forms of dark matter on the atomic properties of cesium should be relatively easy to spot. [22] Dark matter could be much "lighter," or lower in mass and slighter in energy, than previously thought. [21] Researchers from Russia, Finland, and the U.S. have put a constraint on the theoretical model of dark matter particles by analyzing data from astronomical observations of active galactic nuclei. [20] Just how quickly is the dark matter near Earth zipping around? The speed of dark matter has far-reaching consequences for modern astrophysical research, but this fundamental property has eluded researchers for years. [19] A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium-the vast, largely empty space between galaxies-to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far-and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[31737] viXra:1910.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 07:32:30

Top-Quark Mass Variation Measure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

For the first time, CMS physicists have investigated an effect called the "running" of the top quark mass, a fundamental quantum effect predicted by the Standard Model. [31] As the heaviest known elementary particle, the top quark has a special place in the physics studied at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. [30] This allowed ATLAS to detect and measure an unprecedented number of events involving top-antitop quark pairs, providing ATLAS physicists with a unique opportunity to gain insight into the top quark's properties. [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31736] viXra:1910.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 07:39:11

Hiding the Cosmological Constant (in Russian)

Authors: S. Carlip
Comments: 14 Pages. in Russian

Perhaps standard effective field theory arguments are right, and vacuum fluctuations really do generate a huge cosmological constant. I show that if one does not assume homogeneity and an arrow of time at the Planck scale, a very large class of general relativistic initial data exhibit expansions, shears, and curvatures that are enormous at small scales, but quickly average to zero macroscopically. Subsequent evolution is more complex, but I argue that quantum fluctuations may preserve these properties. The resulting picture is a version of Wheeler’s “spacetime foam,” in which the cosmological constant produces high curvature at the Planck scale but is nearly invisible at observable scales.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[31735] viXra:1910.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 08:12:24

Precancerous Detection with Nanodiamonds

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Scientists at the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (MEPhI) have studied the optical properties of detonation nanodiamonds when interacting with various biomacromolecules (biopolymer molecules). [24] The Pt nanoreactor was designed with a controlled core-shell structure and morphology for the visual detection of metabolic biomarkers and direct laser desorption/ionization MS fingerprinting of the native serum. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31734] viXra:1910.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 08:21:11

Definition of Quantum Entanglement Using Spin-2 Gravitons

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Here, applying the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we define quantum entanglement using spin-2 gravitons.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[31733] viXra:1910.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 09:00:04

Axions in Solid-State Crystal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

The team found signatures of axion particles composed of Weyl-type electrons (Weyl fermions) in the correlated Weyl semimetal (TaSe4)2I. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31732] viXra:1910.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 09:17:39

Artificial Intelligence Cytometer in Blood

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Detection of rare cells in blood and other bodily fluids has numerous important applications including diagnostics, monitoring disease progression and evaluating immune response. [25] But making those quantum leaps from science fiction to reality required hard work from computer scientists like Yoshua Bengio, Geoffrey Hinton and Yann LeCun. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31731] viXra:1910.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 09:34:58

A Short Communication on Exploring – [ MRI Scans With Sparse Tensors based on Mir-Library/D Language/IoT/HPC Heterogeneous Environments ]

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Interesting Suggestion+Review on Using Sparse Tensors as Information Processing Tools in the Context of Probing Mathematical Algorithms for Next Generation Medical Image Processing R&D based on [ D lang/Mir-Library Modules/IoT/HPC/LLVM/LDC ] - High Performance Computing in Heterogeneous [ Linux/Windows/Other OS ]Environments.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[31730] viXra:1910.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 08:07:42

Single Quantum Vibration

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Now scientists at MIT and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have for the first time created and observed a single phonon in a common material at room temperature. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31729] viXra:1910.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 08:29:54

Minimal Set for Powers of 2

Authors: Bassam Abdul-Baki
Comments: 31 Pages.

The minimal set for powers of 2 is currently nondeterministic and can be shown to be more complex than previously proposed.
Category: Number Theory

[31728] viXra:1910.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 08:35:23

Quantum-Mechanical Twin Paradox

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

For a recent publication, scientists from Leibniz University Hannover and Ulm University have taken on the twin paradox known from Einstein's special theory of relativity. [36] Now scientists at MIT and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have for the first time created and observed a single phonon in a common material at room temperature. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31727] viXra:1910.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 08:49:06

The Yang-Mills Flow for Connections

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written

For a family of connections in a vector fiber bundle over a riemannian manifold, a Yang-Mills flow is defined with help of the riemannian curvature of the connections.
Category: Geometry

[31726] viXra:1910.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 09:28:48

The Lack of Substantiation of the Green House Model

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 2 Pages.

This article shows a short and convincing, to the opinion of the author, proof of the invalidity of the greenhouse model.
Category: Climate Research

[31725] viXra:1910.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 09:42:55

[ JI Prolog/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/Java-NLP/Java-Genetic Algorithms ] & its Important Uses in the R&D Domains of [ Bio-informatics ] – A Simple Suggestion Once Again in the Context of Complex Systems by Adding Java based AI Dimension.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[ JI Prolog/JikesRVM-Research Virtual Machine/Java-NLP/Java-Genetic Algorithms ] & its Important Uses in the R&D Domains of [ Bio-informatics ] – A Simple Suggestion Once Again in the Context of Complex Systems by Adding Java based AI Dimension.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31724] viXra:1910.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 10:14:18

Lagrangian Quantum Mechanics for Indistinguishable Fermions: a Self-Consistent Universe.

Authors: Adri´ an Arancibia Gonz´ alez
Comments: 22 Pages.

This work corresponds to a paradigmatic classical mechanic approach to quantum mechanics and, as a consequence, the paradigm of expanding universe is replaced for a universe of contracting particles which allows explaining the cosmological redshift because as the time progresses the hydrogen atoms absorb smaller wavelengths. Quantum particles are defined as linearly independent indistinguishable normalized classical bi-spinor fields with quartic interactions, this matter allows defining positive energy spectra and to evade the problems with infinities associated with quantization procedure. To have a consistent particle interpretation in each inertial system, a large N approach for the number of fermions must be imposed. The following model, based in dynamical mass generation methods, explains the quark confinement and the hadronic mass behavior in a trivial form and allows the oscillation of low massive neutrinos inside of massive matter.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31723] viXra:1910.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 10:41:14

More Energy in Proton Collisions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

Scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow have found further confirmation of this assumption, this time, in the high energy collision of protons with protons or lead nuclei. [47] Ten years ago, just about any nuclear physicist could tell you the approximate size of the proton. But that changed in 2010, when atomic physicists unveiled a new method that promised a more precise measurement. [46] “Spin has surprises. Everybody thought it’s simple … and it turns out it’s much more complicated,” Aschenauer says. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission—and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31722] viXra:1910.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 11:00:07

Quantum Symmetries

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

New research from Washington University in St. Louis realizes one of the first parity-time (PT) symmetric quantum systems, allowing scientists to observe how that kind of symmetry-and the act of breaking of it-leads to previously unexplored phenomena. [37] For a recent publication, scientists from Leibniz University Hannover and Ulm University have taken on the twin paradox known from Einstein's special theory of relativity. [36] Now scientists at MIT and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have for the first time created and observed a single phonon in a common material at room temperature. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31721] viXra:1910.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 12:06:44

Axiomatic Science

Authors: Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay
Comments: 91 Pages.

We present a mathematical model formalizing the practice of science in nature. Under the premise that science is the best methodology to understand the World, then presumably a formalization of such is its best mathematical framework. Axiomatic science is a significant improvement over the informal practice of science and it has numerous desirable properties. Axiomatic science is a model of science and of physics, and as such, it contains a 'science' part and a 'physics' part. Axiomatic science can derive the 'physics' part, including the laws of physics, using the 'science' part as the starting point and in the forms of theorems. Axiomatic science thus explains the origins of the laws of physics as a theorem of the formal practice of science. We begin the program to show that axiomatic science is the complete, free of physical baggage, mathematical foundation of physics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[31720] viXra:1910.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 14:43:10

Multi-Photon Processes in Double-Inverted Y System

Authors: M. Karthick Selvan
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this article, the effect of multi-photon processes, occurring via different probe beam channels, on the absorption of probe beams in double-inverted Y system is investigated and the results are reported.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31719] viXra:1910.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 20:09:03

Absolute & Relative Measurement Leads to no Wave Particle Duality & Gives Orbital Motion

Authors: S.C. Gaudie
Comments: 3 pages; A4 paper; portrait orientation; mostly font 12; UK English; Freelance scientist;;tetrahedron_1_3_6@aim.com

ABSTRACT #1 Two types of measurement:- Absolute [mass; charge; temperature] & Relative [time; length] #2 Energy & angular momentum reclassified as absolute values! #3 All matter must have angular momentum. #4 The universe, itself, must be “spinning”! #5 There is a “mass form side” and a “wave form side” to the Schroedinger equation. #6 These swaps between the “mass form” and the “wave form” are at a frequency between a photon’s frequency & Plank’s frequency! #7 For the photon or neutrons, when it is in the “mass form” it is in a fixed, “stationary position”! #8 For the photon or neutrons, when it is in the “wave form” it is moving from its previous mass “stationary position” to its “next mass stationary position” at the speed of light! #9 The difference in “apparent velocity” between a photon and a mass, is that:- {A} a photon spends very little time in the mass “stationary position” and most of its time in the moving at c “wave form”! {B} a mass spends very little time in the moving at c “wave form” velocity and most of its time in the “stationary mass position”! The relative ratio of time spent in the moving at c “wave form” for the mass, will determine the “apparent velocity” of the mass relative to its surroundings! #10 The “moving at c wave form” has a moving electric field. #11 The “stationary position” mass has a rotating (around its direction of travel) magnetic field. #12 The rotating magnetic field creates an electric field. #13 The moving electric field creates a rotating magnetic field. #14 The “swapping” of “previous mass position” & its “next mass position” is what moves the mass / planet / sun around in its orbit; “pushing it along in its “ballistic orbital trajectory” ”, not gravity! #15 This means that the “previous mass position” “needs to know” where the “next mass position” is going to be & when it needs to be there. This means that the “future” is predetermined by the “past”! #16 Predestination would seem to be built into the universe! (but see the end of this!)
Category: Classical Physics

[31718] viXra:1910.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 21:11:27

New Insights into Black Holes – Including, No Particle Evaporation & Detecting Their Internal Structure

Authors: S.C. Gaudie
Comments: Pages.

ABSTRACT Unfortunately, this theory contradicts a theory of someone I greatly admire; Stephen Hawking. I emailed him a few questions in the past, that I thought only he could answer! This theory assumes that:- #1 Quantum tunnelling, negative energy, mass or particles does not exist when it comes to “particle emission” from “WITHIN a black hole”. #2 Matter-energy cannot be created or destroyed. #3 Matter-energy cannot be emitted from the 3 dimensional event horizon of a black hole. #4 Electro-magnetic radiation cannot be emitted from the 3 dimensional event horizon of a black hole. #5 Gravity cannot be created or destroyed. #6 Gravity can be emitted from the 3 dimensional event horizon of a black hole. #7 Information (from information theory) cannot be created or destroyed. #8 Information (from information theory) can be emitted from the 3 dimensional event horizon of a black hole. #9 Electrons & positrons are EMITTED from the energy just outside the event horizon of the black hole! (Only half of the “energy that is converted to mass” is EMITTED. The other half is ADDED TO THE MASS OF THE BLACK HOLE!) #10 A black hole GAINS MASS from the energy just outside the event horizon, whilst “emitting” electrons & protons! #11 The only “entropy energy” that is “allowed” to be emitted from the 3 space-dimensional event horizon of a black hole is gravitational energy! #12 Black holes “emit gravitational energy”! This “emitted radiation” should reduce the mass of a black hole! #13 To create an electron-positron pair there would be minimum values required for these values:- (a) amount of energy; (b) energy density; (c) energy density gradient. #14 The matter spiralling in towards the black hole could continue inwards, through the event horizon, looking like a hurricane. #15 The “eye of the storm” of the black hole could be “mostly mass free”. #16 The “lumpiness” of matter just inside a galactic black hole’s event horizon could be measured by the “gravity probes” of changes in the orbital movements of its nearby stars. #17 The “gravity probe analysis” of the masses moving within the black holes, would also reveal their angular momentum. #18 Our universe could come from the collapse of a “super-super star” in a previous universe, transferring “our mass & energy”, through its event horizon, into our universe! #19 The transfer would start quickly, proceed quickly, end quickly, when the “pre-universe’s star” ran out of matter- energy around its event horizon, or our universe expanded beyond the “pre-universe’s star’s” “energy-matter region” outside its event horizon! The “matter-energy” transferred would be very homogeneous , leading to the very even cosmic microwave background radiation! #20 absolute measurements are where only “one measurement” is needed for “a measurement” e. g. mass, charge, temperature. #21 relative measurements are where “two measurements” are needed for “a measurement”; it needs a start & stop to create “a measurement” #22 The pre-universe star’s universe properties – could have absolute measurements of matter-energy (& maybe 1 space dimension & 2 time dimensions that were “incompatible with our space & time dimensions) #23 Our universe, before the merger, could have been balanced with 3 space dimensions & 3 time dimensions. #24 The merger then ADDED 1 “different” space dimension (only evidence; gravity sidesteps the 3 dimensional event horizon of a black hole & our universe is expanding like a 4 dimensional sphere (all points see the same expansion! #25 In the merger of the time dimensions, the two time dimensions from the “pre-universe star’s universe” cancelled out or destroyed two of our three dimensions of time!
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31717] viXra:1910.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 03:47:09

Short Review of Climate Change in Support of Greta Thunberg and Fridays for Future

Authors: Rainer W. kühne
Comments: 5 Pages.

I review the evidence of natural climate change as given by the Greenland ice core data of the past 120,000 years and the Antarctica ice core data of the past 900,000 years. These data show that the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration never exceeded 300 ppm (parts per million by volume) during the 650,000 years which preceded AD 1900. Only around 1900 did the concentration reach 300 ppm. Afterwards it increased continuously until the present value of over 400 ppm, where since AD 2000 it increases by 2 ppm per year. I predict that within the next one hundred years the global temperature will increase by further 3.6°C only because of the carbon dioxide concentration that is already at present in the atmosphere.
Category: Climate Research

[31716] viXra:1910.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 04:38:51

The Mass of the Higgs Boson

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 4 pages

The Bohr radius is equal to the Planck length multiplied by the 125th power of pi/2. The reduced Compton wavelength of the Higgs boson is equal to the Bohr radius divided by the 25th power of 2, meaning the Higgs boson is of mass 125.1224±0.0014 GeV; the Particle Data Group’s 2019 evaluation is 125.10±0.14 GeV. The total mass/energy (Planck cosmological parameters 2018) of the observable universe is equal to the Planck mass multiplied by the 125th power of pi. In Planck units, the total mass/energy of the observable universe is equal numerically to the Bohr radius multiplied by the 125th power of 2 and also to the reduced Compton wavelength of the Higgs boson multiplied by the 150th power of 2. The spin angular momentum of the mid-Main Sequence sun is equal to the 250th power of 2 in units of h-bar. These and other equalities arise in an analysis of the Quantum/Classical connection. The new results suggest an explanation for the accelerating expansion of space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[31715] viXra:1910.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 06:54:43

The Square of the Speed of Light is the Gravitational Potential of Quantized Space-Time in the Theory of Superunification

Authors: ssor Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 7 Pages, 6 Figure.

In 1996, I introduced the quantum of space-time (quanton) into theoretical physics in the form of electromagnetic quadrupole. It was a particle unknown in science before. Quanton is a carrier of superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI). This is the fifth fundamental interaction in nature unknown before. SEI unites four fundamental interactions: gravitation, electromagnetism, nuclear and electroweak forces. Quanton and SIA are the basis of the fundamental theory of Superunification [2]. Quanton is a four-dimensional particle that forms the electromagnetic structure of Einstein’s four-dimensional space-time. SIA is a hidden form of the global energy field of the Universe, which is characterized by a gravitational potential equal to the square of the speed of light.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31714] viXra:1910.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 07:38:38

Computer Model of Human Memory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

"By modelling neurons using computers, we can begin to understand memory processing in our own minds." [30] Researchers in the US and UK have uncovered a "pathology" affecting floating-point arithmetic that introduces significant errors when describing systems that are extremely sensitive to their initial conditions. [29] Applying AI know-how to the giant pool of data gathered from the world's leading and most powerful scientific instruments could accelerate the process of scientific discovery. [28] Scientists from the University of Oxford, in collaboration with University of Basel and Lancaster University, have developed an algorithm that can be used to measure quantum dots automatically. [27] A research team from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) has successfully developed a new method for machine learning that allows an AI to make classifications without what is known as "negative data," a finding which could lead to wider application to a variety of classification tasks. [26] Artificial intelligence is helping improve safety along a stretch of Las Vegas' busiest highway. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20]
Category: Mind Science

[31713] viXra:1910.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 21:42:02

An Insight Into [ Dlib C++ Machine Learning Library + Pulseseq+cplusplus-NLP-Library/python NLTK Library ] Software to Understand MR Sequences in the Context of [ Iot/hpc/nlp ] Informatics Environments.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Insight into [ Dlib C++ Machine Learning Library + PulseSeq+CPlusPlus-NLP-Library/python NLTK library ]Software to Understand MR Sequences in the Context of [ IoT/HPC/NLP ] Informatics Environments.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31712] viXra:1910.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 11:37:38

Spirali Poligonali Con Inclinazione Gestibile Versione Completa Della Trattazione.

Authors: Dante Servi
Comments: 29 Pages.

Descrizione di un tipo di spirale composto da un insieme di segmenti che con riferimento ad un punto che definisco origine hanno una inclinazione gestibile e volendo costante. Descrizione di metodo grafico e di algoritmi che permettono di realizzarlo. Nel foglio 10/10 descrivo come realizzare una spirale poligonale che ha tutti i vertici in comune con una spirale logaritmica. Nel foglio 10 bis descrivo come calcolare (dopo aver deciso il grado di precisione con cui si vuol seguire il percorso della logaritmica) l'inclinazione da attribuire ai segmenti destinati a realizzare la spirale poligonale. Sempre nel foglio 10 bis affermo che il mio metodo utilizzato al contrario può essere almeno provato per studiare in un modo nuovo una curva sconosciuta. Io non posso affermare di aver studiato con il mio metodo la spirale logaritmica però ne ho ricavato l'algoritmo illustrato nel foglio 10/10. Description of a type of spiral composed of a set of segments that with a point that I define origin have a manageable inclination and wanting to be constant. Description of graphic method and algorithms that allow to realize it. In sheet 10/10 I describe how to make a polygonal spiral that has all the vertices in common with a logarithmic spiral. In sheet 10 bis I describe how to calculate (after deciding the degree of precision with which we want to follow the path of the logarithmic) the inclination to be attributed to the segments destined to realize the polygonal spiral. Also in sheet 10 bis I state that my method used on the contrary can at least be tried to study an unknown curve in a new way. I cannot claim to have studied the logarithmic spiral with my method, but I have derived the algorithm illustrated in sheet 10/10.
Category: Geometry

[31711] viXra:1910.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 13:21:51

Santa Claus and Black Pete on Mars, Curiosity Sol 538

Authors: Leon Elshout
Comments: 1 Page.

What are Santa Claus and Black Pete doing on Mars, even embracing each other? by leon elshout, 6 october 2019, roodgoudvanparvaim.nl - aurichalcum2018 (at) protonmail.com
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[31710] viXra:1910.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 13:28:48

Conservation of Mass in Collision

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 2 Pages. Note that the author does not read Disqus comments here, please respond by email. Including a list of publications is also a healthy gesture.

The conservation of mass in inertial reference frame is a property of the conservation law of momentum. The inelastic collision between two identical objects shows that the total momentum is zero in the COM frame (center of mass). In another inertial reference frame, the rest frame of one object before collision, the total momentum before the collision is equal to the total momentum after the collision. This conservation of momentum shows that the mass of an object is also conserved in all inertial reference frames. The mass of a moving object is independent of its velocity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31709] viXra:1910.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 15:03:36

Thin Shells in General Relativity Without Junction Conditions: a Model for Galactic Rotation and the Discrete Sampling of Fields

Authors: Kathleen A. Rosser
Comments: 12 Pages.

Interest in general relativistic treatments of thin matter shells has flourished over recent decades, most notably in connection with astrophysical and cosmological applications such as black hole matter accretion, spherical wormholes, bubble universes, and cosmic domain walls. In the present paper, an asymptotically exact solution to Einstein's field equations for static ultra-thin spherical shells is derived using a continuous matter density distribution ρ(r) defined over all space. The matter density is modeled as a product of surface density μ0 and a continuous or broadened spherical delta function. Continuity over the full domain 0<r<∞ ensures unambiguous determination of both the metric and coordinates across the shell wall, obviating the need to patch interior and exterior solutions using junction conditions. A unique change of variable allows integration with asymptotic precision. It is found that ultra-thin shells smaller than the Schwarzschild radius can be used to model supermassive black holes believed to lie at the centers of galaxies, possibly accounting for the flattening of the galactic rotation curve as described by Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND). Concentric ultra-thin shells may also be used for discrete sampling of arbitrary spherical mass distributions with applications in cosmology. Ultra-thin shells are shown to exhibit constant interior time dilation. The exterior solution matches the Schwarzschild metric. General black shell horizons, and singularities are also discussed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31708] viXra:1910.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 17:39:49

The Electron and De Broglie Wavelength

Authors: Tim Dooling
Comments: 9 Pages.

This guess at a classical model for the electron doesn't show a classical recipe calculation for the electric fields of the electron because I don't have the mathematical ability. The circulation speed of the electron is the speed of light, c. Without violating special relativity I try to show the electric fields perpendicular and parallel to the direction of motion are due to the deformation of the surfaces of the electron moving at speed v. The De Broglie wavelength is indirectly related to an actual length of the surfaces of the electron. The mass, or inertia, of the electron is due to the magnetic binding forces of the surfaces.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31707] viXra:1910.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 18:13:31

Twin Prime Conjecture (New Edition)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 19 Pages.

I proved the Twin Prime Conjecture. All Twin Primes are executed in hexadecimal notation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, prime numbers are generated only at [6n -1] [6n+1]. (n is a positive integer) The probability that a twin prime will occur is 6/5 times the square of the probability that a prime will occur. If the number is very large, the probability of generating a prime number is low, but since the prime number exists forever, the probability of generating a twin prime number is very low, but a twin prime number is produced. That is, twin primes exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[31706] viXra:1910.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 18:33:59

Moon Orbital Motion Analysis

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

Moon Motion Details -Earth Moon is The Solar Group Energy Indicator -Earth Moon moves with 2 different motions – they together create the moon motion distance =2.58 mkm = Earth motion daily -The Moon first Motion is (The Train Motion Concept) – Let's explain it in following -The Solar System is a theater of puppets – puppets move by outer force- which cause their motion -The solar planets move together in one unified motion as a train moves with all its carriages (a planet = a carriage) (The Train Motion Concept) -The Moon Second Motion is Masses Gravity Motion which causes the moon daily displacement (88000 km) -The solar system geometrical mechanism uses the moon motion (88000 km) (Moon Displacement daily) to produce the distance (2 x 88000 km) – where this distance is required to make the moon motion daily =2.58 mkm = Earth Motion daily
Category: Astrophysics

[31705] viXra:1910.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 21:30:53

Quantization/normalization of the Mutual Energy Principle

Authors: Shuang-ren Zhao
Comments: 20 Pages.

This author has introduced the mutual energy principle, the mutual energy principle successfully solved the problem of conflict between the Maxwell equations and the law of the energy conservation. The mutual energy flow theorem is derived from the mutual energy principle. The mutual energy flow is consist of the retarded wave and the advanced wave. The mutual energy flow theorem tell us the total energy of the energy flow goes through any surfaces between the emitter to the absorber are all same. This property is required by the photon and any quantum. Hence, this author has linked the mutual energy principle to the photon. However there is still a problem, the field of an emitter or the field of an absorber is decrease according to the distance. If the current of a source or sink for a photon is constant. The energy of the photon which equals the inner product of the current and the field will depended on the distance between the the source and the sink of the photon. If the distance increase the amount of photon energy will decrease to infinite small. This is not correct. The energy of a photon should be a constant E=hv. The energy of the photon cannot decrease. In order overcome this difficulty, this author make a quantization for the mutual energy principle. It is assume that the retarded wave sent from the emitter has collapse back in all direction. But the mutual energy flow build a channel between the source and sink. Since the energy can only go through this channel, the total energy of a photon must go through this channel. Hence, the total energy of the mutual energy flow has to be normalized to the energy of one photon. The wave energy will increased in the direction of the channel. The amplitude of the wave does not decrease on the direction along the channel. The advanced wave also does not decrease on the direction of the channel. The electromagnetic wave in the space between an emitter (source) and an absorber (sink) look like a wave inside a wave guide. The wave in a guide the amplitude does not decrease alone the wave guide if the loss of energy can be omitted. This wave guide can be called the nature wave guide. In the wave guide the advanced wave leads the the retarded wave, hence the retarded wave can only goes at the direction where has strong advanced wave. This normalization process successfully quantized the the mutual energy flow.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31704] viXra:1910.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 21:54:15

Why Saturn Orbital Distance = Saturn Uranus Distance? (II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 20 Pages.

-The Solar System moves one unified motion - as the train moves with its carriages the solar system moves with all planets together one unified motion. (2nd hypothesis) -Planets different velocities don't disprove that- where – a machine of gears has one motion but different velocities of its gears. -Based on that – the solar system (all planets together) moves during a solar day a distance = 1433.5 mkm = Saturn Orbital Distance. The solar system depends on the solar day as its period of time. -The distance 1433.5 mkm is energy – reflected at Saturn – to produce an equal distance 1433.5 mkm = Saturn Uranus Distance (note please – I suppose distance can behave as a light beam and by such way it can reflected where Space= Energy) -Earth Moon Motion effects greatly on Saturn energy reflection process and that's the reason behind the relationship between Earth Moon Motion and Saturn data .. -Shortly –Earth Moon interacts with Saturn and Uranus Distances which perform the energy reflection process and create the relationship between Saturn, Uranus and Earth Moon
Category: Astrophysics

[31703] viXra:1910.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 23:10:40

Grimm's Conjecture

Authors: Radomir R.M Majkic
Comments: 3 Pages.

The collection of the consecutive composite integers is the composite connected, and each pair of its distinct integers has a pair of distinct prime divisors. Consequently, it is possible to select a collection of distinct prime divisors, one divisor of one integer of any sequence of the consecutive composed integers.
Category: Number Theory

[31702] viXra:1910.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 02:49:44

The Problem with the Relativity of Simultaneity

Authors: Declan Traill
Comments: 4 Pages.

Relativity claims that the simultaneity between two (or more) observers, each traveling in different Inertial Reference Frames (IRFs) is such that “Both observers consider the clock of the other as running slower”. This is shown on a Minkowski diagram in the section titled “Time dilation” on the Wikipedia page given in my Reference [2]. However, as I will explain, this interpretation leads to an inconsistency which cannot be true. I point out the error being made in the interpretation of Minkowski diagrams that leads to this inconsistency, and how the diagram should be interpreted to correct this error.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31701] viXra:1910.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 03:14:06

(0/0) = 0 = Refuted!

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 6 pages. Copyright © 2019 by Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved. Published by:

Objective: The division 0/0 has been investigated by numerous publications while the knowledge that 0/0 = 1 is still not established yet. Methods: A systematic re-analysis of the claim (0/0) = 0 was conducted again. Modus inversus was used to proof the logical consistency of such a claim. Results: The new proof provides strict evidence that 0/0=0 is not correct. Conclusions: 0/0=0 is refuted. Keywords: Division by zero, Modus inversus.
Category: Number Theory

Replacements of recent Submissions

[12234] viXra:1910.0230 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-15 06:34:22

Another Method to Solve the Grasshopper Problem(imo)

Authors: Yasushi Ieno
Comments: 7 Pages.

The 6th problem of the 50th International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO), held in Germany, 2009, is called 'the grasshopper problem'. To this problem Kos developed theory from unique viewpoints by reference of Noga Alon's combinatorial Nullstellensatz. We have tried to solve this problem by an original method inspired by a polynomial function that Kos defined, then researched for n=3 and n=4. For almost cases the problem can be solved, but there remains imperfection due to 'singularity'.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[12233] viXra:1910.0219 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-15 00:13:36

Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 is the Cause of Alzheimer’s Disease

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 35 Pages.

Objective: The possible involvement of viruses, specifically Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), in senile dementia of the Alzheimer type has been investigated by numerous publications. Over 120 publications are providing direct or indirect evidence of a potential relationship between Herpes simplex virus type 1 and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) but a causal relation is still not established yet. Methods: A systematic review and re-analysis of studies which investigated the relationship between HSV-1 and AD by HSV-1 immunoglobulin G (IgG) serology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods was conducted. The method of the conditio sine qua non relationship (SINE) was used to proof the hypothesis: without HSV-1 infection of human brain no AD. The method of the conditio per quam relationship (IMP) was used to proof the hypothesis: if HSV-1 infection of human brain then AD. The mathematical formula of the causal relationship k was used to proof the hypotheses is, whether there is a cause-effect relationship between HSV-1 and AD. Significance was indicated by a p-value of less than 0.05. Results: The studies analyzed were able to provide strict evidence that HSV-1 is a necessary condition (a conditio sine qua non), a sufficient condition and a necessary and sufficient condition of AD. Furthermore, the cause-effect relationship between HSV-1 and AD was highly significant. Conclusions: The data analyzed provide sufficient evidence to conclude that HSV-1 is the cause of AD. Keywords: Herpes simplex virus type 1, Alzheimer’s disease, causal relationship.
Category: Statistics

[12232] viXra:1910.0208 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-15 01:48:42

Unified Principles of Nature Draft (Preview) of the Constitution of the United Nations of Science and Declaration of Unified Animal and Human Rights

Authors: Theoryofall.org
Comments: 6 Pages.

Stephen Hawking famously said: „If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few scientists. Then we shall all, philosophers, scientists, and just ordinary people, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason — for then we would know the mind of God.“ We the people agree to science and have to draw a line: If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few leaders. Then we shall all, adam and eve, men and women, child and adult, black and white, believer and unbeliever, rich and poor, chinese and american, norwegian and south-african, muslim and christ, western world and islamic state, governments and citizens, nations and companies, heterosexual and homosexual, weak and strong, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we fail to live as a healthy community on earth. If we continue to search for the mind of a God, our ecosystem, this planet and this entire living universe we live “with” in entanglement and community and “wholeness” will die. Credits to : Theory of Thougth (Platon);Theory of Emotion (Aristotle); Theory of Gravitation (Newton), Theory of Special Relativity (Einstein), Theory of Radical Constructivism (Glasersfeld), Theory of Justice (Rawls)
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12231] viXra:1910.0208 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-14 13:39:37

Unified Principles of Nature Draft (Preview) of the Constitution of the United Nations of Science and Declaration of Unified Animal and Human Rights

Authors: Theoryofall.org
Comments: 6 Pages.

Stephen Hawking famously said: „If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few scientists. Then we shall all, philosophers, scientists, and just ordinary people, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason — for then we would know the mind of God.“ We the people agree to science and have to draw a line: If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few leaders. Then we shall all, adam and eve, men and women, child and adult, black and white, believer and unbeliever, rich and poor, chinese and american, norwegian and south-african, muslim and christ, western world and islamic state, governments and citizens, nations and companies, heterosexual and homosexual, weak and strong, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we fail to live as a healthy community on earth. If we continue to search for the mind of a God, our ecosystem, this planet and this entire living universe we live “with” in entanglement and community and “wholeness” will die.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12230] viXra:1910.0208 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-14 08:19:14

Unified Principles of Nature Draft (Preview) of the Constitution of the United Nations of Science and Declaration of Unified Animal and Human Rights

Authors: Theoryofall.org
Comments: 6 Pages.

Stephen Hawking famously said: „If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few scientists. Then we shall all, philosophers, scientists, and just ordinary people, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason — for then we would know the mind of God.“ We the people agree to science and have to draw a line: If we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few leaders. Then we shall all, adam and eve, men and women, child and adult, black and white, believer and unbeliever, rich and poor, chinese and american, norwegian and south-african, muslim and christ, western world and islamic state, governments and citizens, nations and companies, heterosexual and homosexual, weak and strong, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we fail to live as a healthy community on earth. If we continue to search for the mind of a God, our ecosystem, this planet and this entire living universe we live “with” in entanglement and community and “wholeness” will die.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12229] viXra:1910.0196 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-13 06:22:03

The Split-Collective Consciousness of the Contemporary Modernist Dystopian Reality

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 3 Pages.

The split-collective psyche is indicative of a macrocosm that cannot -- in any factual formulation, distinguish between a modernist dystopia and a utopian paradise.
Category: Social Science

[12228] viXra:1910.0185 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-15 07:04:59

A Moduli Space in Riemannian Geometry

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in french

In the realm of the riemannian geometry, a moduli space is defined.
Category: Geometry

[12227] viXra:1910.0185 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-14 05:57:54

A Moduli Space in Riemannian Geometry

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in french

A moduli space of vector fields is defined for any riemannian manifold.
Category: Geometry

[12226] viXra:1910.0165 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-12 16:29:46

Tutorial: Continuous-Function on Closed Interval Basics, with Mean-Value and Taylor Theorem Upshots

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 4 Pages.

This tutorial explores the relation of the local concept of a function's continuity to its global consequences on closed intervals, such as a continuous function's unavoidable boundedness on a closed interval, its attainment of its least upper and greatest lower bounds on that interval, and its unavoidable assumption on that closed interval of all of the values which lie between that minimum and maximum. In a nutshell, continuous functions map closed intervals into closed intervals. It is understandable that verifying this local-to-global fact involves subtle and very intricate manipulation of the least-upper-bound/greatest-lower-bound postulate for the real numbers. In conjunction with the basic inequality properties of integrals, this continuous-function fact immediately implies the integral form of the mean-value theorem, which is parlayed into its differential form by the fundamental theorem of the calculus. Taylor expansion and its error estimation are further developments which are intertwined with these fascinating concepts.
Category: General Mathematics

[12225] viXra:1910.0156 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-13 19:37:31

Conjectures About Modulated Maxwell Signals And, Or, Ranada Solutions

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: 20 Pages. In English. Updated.

I present some methods to generate electromagnetic fields wich, in my opinion, have a good chance to represent linked and knotted fields and, maybe, the electron.
Category: Quantum Physics

[12224] viXra:1910.0122 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-10 13:39:04

Confusion in the Matrix: Going Beyond the Roc Curve

Authors: Stephen Borstelmann, Saurabh Jha
Comments: 12 Pages. Spelling corrections, improved image quality, minor additions.

Artificial intelligence algorithms are being created both investigationally and commercially. Evaluation of their performance is important for developers, investigators, clinical physicians, and regulatory agencies. No clear consensus exists on what metrics are best for algorithmic evaluation for AI and ML applications in radiology. We review the basics of the confusion matrix, continue to single number summary values such as accuracy, F1 score, and ɸ coefficient, and then discuss Receiver Operator Curves and their derivatives, Precision Recall Curves, and Cost Curves. Recommendations are made for potential future directions and what currently may be best practices in algorithmic evaluation metrics.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[12223] viXra:1910.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-08 11:41:30

Minimal Set for Powers of 2

Authors: Bassam Abdul-Baki
Comments: 31 Pages.

The minimal set for powers of 2 is currently nondeterministic and can be shown to be more complex than previously proposed.
Category: Number Theory

[12222] viXra:1910.0086 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-12 07:39:18

Spirali Poligonali Con Inclinazione Gestibile Versione Completa Della Trattazione

Authors: Dante Servi
Comments: 29 Pages.

Descrizione di un tipo di spirale composto da un insieme di segmenti che con riferimento ad un punto che definisco origine hanno una inclinazione gestibile e volendo costante. Descrizione di metodo grafico e di algoritmi che permettono di realizzarlo. Nel foglio 10/10 descrivo come realizzare una spirale poligonale che ha tutti i vertici in comune con una spirale logaritmica. Nel foglio 10 bis descrivo come calcolare (dopo aver deciso il grado di precisione con cui si vuol seguire il percorso della logaritmica) l'inclinazione da attribuire ai segmenti destinati a realizzare la spirale poligonale. Sempre nel foglio 10 bis affermo che il mio metodo utilizzato al contrario può essere almeno provato per studiare in un modo nuovo una curva sconosciuta. Io non posso affermare di aver studiato con il mio metodo la spirale logaritmica però ne ho ricavato l'algoritmo illustrato nel foglio 10/10. Description of a type of spiral composed of a set of segments that with a point that I define origin have a manageable inclination and wanting to be constant. Description of graphic method and algorithms that allow to realize it. In sheet 10/10 I describe how to make a polygonal spiral that has all the vertices in common with a logarithmic spiral. In sheet 10 bis I describe how to calculate (after deciding the degree of precision with which we want to follow the path of the logarithmic) the inclination to be attributed to the segments destined to realize the polygonal spiral. Also in sheet 10 bis I state that my method used on the contrary can at least be tried to study an unknown curve in a new way. I cannot claim to have studied the logarithmic spiral with my method, but I have derived the algorithm illustrated in sheet 10/10.
Category: Geometry

[12221] viXra:1910.0082 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-10 17:31:50

The Electron and De Broglie Wavelength

Authors: Tim Dooling
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this guess at a classical electron model a classical recipe calculation for the electric and magnetic fields isn't done because I don't have the mathematical ability. The circulation speed of the electron is the speed of light, c. I try to show the electric fields parallel and perpendicular to the direction of motion are due to a deformation of the surfaces of the electron. The De Broglie wavelength is indirectly related to an actual length of the perimeter of the electron. The reason for the electron's mass, or inertia is due to the magnetic binding forces of the surface.
Category: Quantum Physics

[12220] viXra:1910.0081 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-13 22:06:58

Twin Prime Conjecture (New Edition)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 19 Pages.

I proved the Twin Prime Conjecture. All Twin Primes are executed in hexadecimal notation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, prime numbers are generated only at [6n -1] [6n+1]. (n is a positive integer) The probability that a twin prime will occur is 6/5 times the square of the probability that a prime will occur. If the number is very large, the probability of generating a prime number is low, but since the prime number exists forever, the probability of generating a twin prime number is very low, but a twin prime number is produced. That is, twin primes exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[12219] viXra:1910.0081 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-12 03:17:17

Twin Prime Conjecture (New Edition)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 33 Pages.

I proved the Twin Prime Conjecture. All Twin Primes are executed in hexadecimal notation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, prime numbers are generated only at [6n -1] [6n+1]. (n is a positive integer) The probability that a twin prime will occur is 6/5 times the square of the probability that a prime will occur. If the number is very large, the probability of generating a prime number is low, but since the prime number exists forever, the probability of generating a twin prime number is very low, but a twin prime number is produced. That is, twin primes exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[12218] viXra:1910.0081 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-10 23:42:33

Twin Prime Conjecture (New Edition)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 33 Pages.

I proved the Twin Prime Conjecture. All Twin Primes are executed in hexadecimal notation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, prime numbers are generated only at [6n -1] [6n+1]. (n is a positive integer) The probability that a twin prime will occur is 6/5 times the square of the probability that a prime will occur. If the number is very large, the probability of generating a prime number is low, but since the prime number exists forever, the probability of generating a twin prime number is very low, but a twin prime number is produced. That is, twin primes exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[12217] viXra:1910.0081 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-10 05:09:13

Twin Prime Conjecture (New Edition)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 16 Pages.

I proved the Twin Prime Conjecture. All Twin Primes are executed in hexadecimal notation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, prime numbers are generated only at [6n -1] [6n+1]. (n is a positive integer) The probability that a twin prime will occur is 6/5 times the square of the probability that a prime will occur. If the number is very large, the probability of generating a prime number is low, but since the prime number exists forever, the probability of generating a twin prime number is very low, but a twin prime number is produced. That is, twin primes exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[12216] viXra:1910.0081 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-07 01:35:36

Twin Prime Conjecture (New Edition)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 17 Pages.

I proved the Twin Prime Conjecture. All Twin Primes are executed in hexadecimal notation. It does not change in a huge number (forever huge number). In the hexagon, prime numbers are generated only at [6n -1] [6n+1]. (n is a positive integer) The probability that a twin prime will occur is 6/5 times the square of the probability that a prime will occur. If the number is very large, the probability of generating a prime number is low, but since the prime number exists forever, the probability of generating a twin prime number is very low, but a twin prime number is produced. That is, twin primes exist forever.
Category: Number Theory

[12215] viXra:1910.0079 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-12 22:04:57

Quantization/particleization/normalization of the Mutual Energy Flow

Authors: shuang-ren Zhao
Comments: 25 Pages.

Quantum mechanics offers us the quantization. The quantization offer us a method from the mechanic equation to build the quantum wave equation. For example the Canonical quantization offers a method to build the Schrödinger equation from Hamilton in classical mechanics this is also referred as first quantization. In general Maxwell equation itself is wave equation, hence it doesn't need the first quantization. There is second quantization for electromagnetic field. The second quantization discuss how many photons can be created when the energy of electromagnetic field is known. This is not interesting to this author. This author is interested how we can build the particle from the wave equations (Maxwell equations or Schrödinger equation). Here the particle should confined in space locally. It should has the properties of wave. Our traditional quantization is to find the wave equation. This author try to build a particle from this wave equation, this process can be called as particleization. Abstract This author has introduced the mutual energy principle, the mutual energy principle successfully solved the problem of conflict between the Maxwell equations and the law of the energy conservation. The mutual energy flow theorem is derived from the mutual energy principle. The mutual energy flow is consist of the retarded wave and the advanced wave. The mutual energy flow theorem tell us the total energy of the energy flow goes through any surfaces between the emitter to the absorber are all same. This property is required by the photon and any quantum. Hence, this author has linked the mutual energy principle to the photon. The mutual energy flow has the property of wave and also confined in space locally. However there is still a problem, the field of an emitter or the field of an absorber decreases according to the distance. If the current of a source or sink for a photon is constant. The energy of the photon which equals the inner product of the current and the field will depended on the distance between the the source and the sink of the photon. If the distance increases, the amount of photon energy will decrease to infinite small. This is not correct. The energy of a photon should be a constant E=hv. The energy of the photon cannot decrease with the distance between the emitter and the absorber. In order overcome this difficulty, this author make a normalization for the mutual energy principle. It is assume that the retarded wave sent from the emitter has collapse back in all direction. But the mutual energy flow build a channel between the source and sink. Since the energy can only go through this channel, the total energy of a photon must go through this channel. Hence, the total energy of the mutual energy flow has to be normalized to the energy of one photon. The wave energy will increased in the direction of the channel. The amplitude of the wave does not decrease on the direction along the channel. The advanced wave also does not decrease on the direction of the channel. The electromagnetic wave in the space between an emitter (source) and an absorber (sink) look like a wave inside a wave guide. The wave in a wave guide, the amplitude does not decrease alone the wave guide if the loss of energy can be omitted. This wave guide can be called the nature wave guide. In the wave guide the advanced wave leads the the retarded wave, hence, the retarded wave can only goes at the direction where has strong advanced wave. This normalization process successfully particularized the the mutual energy flow.
Category: Quantum Physics