**Previous months:**

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2011 - 1102(5) - 1103(16) - 1104(4) - 1105(3) - 1106(2) - 1107(3) - 1108(6) - 1109(8) - 1110(9) - 1111(12) - 1112(5)

2012 - 1201(13) - 1202(6) - 1203(7) - 1204(5) - 1205(4) - 1206(8) - 1207(6) - 1208(14) - 1209(4) - 1210(13) - 1211(6) - 1212(15)

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2015 - 1501(7) - 1502(12) - 1503(12) - 1504(11) - 1505(21) - 1506(6) - 1507(24) - 1508(21) - 1509(11) - 1510(5) - 1511(22) - 1512(6)

2016 - 1601(16) - 1602(1)

Any replacements are listed further down

[739] **viXra:1602.0025 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-02 10:46:26*

**Authors:** Ali Soheilbeigi Bazgir

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

In order to make launching, cost efficient and the consumption of propellant minimum, an idea to accelerate the space shuttle is proposed in this paper. This proposal involves simultaneous use of both propellant and argon plasma jet injection in tip of a space shuttle. An experimental investigation of aerodynamic drag reduction by counter flow plasma jet injection from the stagnation region of a hemispherical blunt cylinder model flying at hypersonic Mach numbers are presented. Experiments are carried out in a hypersonic shock tunnel at four different jet-to-pitot pressure ratios namely 15∙3, 24∙52, 72∙5 and 96∙67 and three supply powers, namely 1∙8KW, 2∙7KW and 3∙6KW. The flow fields around the test model are visualized using high speed schlieren technique. Direct force measurement is also performed using a single component accelerometer balance. The weakly ionized argon plasma jet has an electron temperature around 6,400K and electron number density ~1∙64×〖10〗^15 〖cm〗^(-3). With plasma jet at pressure ratio 72∙5 and 1∙8KW supply power the reduction in drag is found to be ~28 % (more than its cold jet counter part) although the plasma jet momentum is less than its cold jet counter part. Experimental results show that this plasma jet injection help in achieving extravelocity, with the minimum usage of propellant.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[738] **viXra:1601.0301 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-28 10:34:53*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

New research from Griffith University's Centre for Quantum Dynamics is broadening perspectives on time and space. [4]
The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[737] **viXra:1601.0298 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-27 10:01:49*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Scientists are closer to changing everything we know about one of the basic building blocks of the universe, according to an international group of physics experts involving the University of Adelaide. If the theory is correct, it would force years of experiments to be reinterpreted, and would see the textbooks on nuclear physics rewritten. [11]
Physicists peering inside the neutron are seeing glimmers of what appears to be an impossible situation. The vexing findings pertain to quarks, which are the main components of neutrons and protons. The quarks, in essence, spin like tops, as do the neutrons and protons themselves.
Now, experimenters at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News, Va., have found hints that a single quark can briefly hog most of the energy residing in a neutron, yet spin in the direction opposite to that of the neutron itself, says Science News. [10]
The puzzle comes from experiments that aimed to determine how quarks, the building blocks of the proton, are arranged inside that particle. That information is locked inside a quantity that scientists refer to as the proton’s electric form factor. The electric form factor describes the spatial distribution of the quarks inside the proton by mapping the charge that the quarks carry. [9]
Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[736] **viXra:1601.0291 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-26 14:36:29*

**Authors:** Valeriy V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 41 Pages. The paper derived from the talk at the Meeting of the DPF of the APS, May 24-28, 2002, The College W&M, Williamsburg, VA, USA, May 26, 2002.

The amplitude of Higgs-Higgs interaction is calculated in
the Standard Model in the framework of the Sirlin's renormalization
scheme in the unitary gauge. The one-loop corrections for \lambda,
the constant of 4\chi interaction are compared with
the previous results of L. Durand et al. obtained on using
the technique of the equivalence theorem, and in the different gauges.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[735] **viXra:1601.0285 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-26 08:38:17*

**Authors:** J. S. Markovitch

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

It is well known that nature's dimensionless constants variously take the form of mass ratios, coupling constants, and mixing angles.
What is not generally known is that by considering a subset of these constants in a particular order (following a roadmap if you will)
one can easily find accurate, but compact, approximations for each member of this subset, with each compact expression pointing the way to the next.
Specifically, if
the tau-muon mass ratio,
the muon-electron mass ratio,
the neutron-electron mass ratio,
the fine structure constant, and
the three largest quark and lepton mixing angles
are considered in that order, one can readily find a way of compressing them into a closely-related succession of compact mathematical expressions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[734] **viXra:1601.0279 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-25 22:13:27*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 2 Pages. weak force phenomena

The reasons for the disparity in mass between the charged leptons and neutrinos and the very heavy IVBs (W, Z) which regulate their transformations is discussed, and a General Systems connection to the weak force "identity" charge is noted.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[733] **viXra:1601.0265 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-24 10:19:32*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Scientists from the international ALPHA Collaboration just published a paper that has been heralded as a “breakthrough in antimatter research.” [12]
Both the planet we live on and the star we orbit are made up of 'normal' matter, and though it features in many science fiction stories, antimatter seems to be incredibly rare in nature. With this new result, we have one of the first hints that we might be able to solve this mystery. [11]
Physicists in the College of Arts and Sciences have made important discoveries regarding Bs meson particles -- something that may explain why the universe contains more matter than antimatter.
Named Ds3*(2860), the particle, a new type of meson, was discovered by analyzing data collected with the LHCb detector at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The new particle is bound together in a similar way to protons. Due to this similarity, the Warwick researchers argue that scientists will now be able to study the particle to further understand strong interactions.
Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[732] **viXra:1601.0257 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-24 03:05:09*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

A team of scientists currently working at the Large Hadron Collider at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) announced that it has possibly discovered the existence of a particle integral to nature in a statement on Tuesday, Dec. 15, and again on Dec.16. [9]
In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8]
'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7]
The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6]
They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5]
The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[731] **viXra:1601.0237 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-22 01:50:56*

**Authors:** N.S. Baaklini

**Comments:** 6 pages, 37 equations, 6 references

In the framework of divergence-free quantum field theory, we demonstrate how to compute the thermal free energy of bosonic and fermionic fields. While our computations pertain to one loop, they do indicate the method to be applied in higher-loops. In the course of our derivations, use is made of Poisson's summation formula, and the resulting expressions involve the zeta function. We note that the logarithmic terms involve temperature as an energy scale term.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[730] **viXra:1601.0232 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-21 03:20:39*

**Authors:** Yibing Qiu

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Abstract: showing the neutrino has no own antiparticle and the basis

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[729] **viXra:1601.0231 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-21 04:49:08*

**Authors:** Daniele Sasso

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

Modelling of elementary particles is a very important question in contemporary physics, in fact in the absence of a real physical representation, due to smallest sizes of particles, the identification of suitable models becomes necessary. It is known that postmodern physics is characterized still by the indeterministic dualism wave-corpuscle that prevents to give an unequivocal identity to elementary particles as per the obsolete paradigm: is the particle wave or corpuscle? or: is the particle at the same time wave and corpuscle? Research of suitable and coherent models is therefore fundamental in contemporary physics and it can give an important contribution also to the solution of the present problem relative to the physical phenomenon of oscillation that regards neutrino but also all other elementary particles.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[728] **viXra:1601.0210 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-19 07:06:55*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their proton-smashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It’s how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9]
In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8]
'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7]
The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6]
They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5]
The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[727] **viXra:1601.0172 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-15 16:29:30*

**Authors:** S. Reucroft, E. G. H. Williams

**Comments:** 13 Pages. 2 figures.

We suggest that electrons, positrons and neutrinos are the fundamental building-blocks of the universe. Based on the concept of self-mass, we have constructed models and derived relations between the mass and charge and the mass and radius for each of these particles. This approach constrains the strengths of the electrostatic and gravitational fields at very short distances. We have also developed models for the proton and neutron in which they are composed of these fundamental constituents and their short-distance interactions. With these models we are able to reproduce the internal charge distribution of the proton and the neutron and derive many results that are in good agreement with measurements, including: (i) relations between the proton and neutron masses and the electron mass; (ii) relations between the proton and neutron masses and their radii; (iii) expressions for the magnetic moments of the proton and neutron; (iv) size estimates of the electron, muon and tau; (v) an explanation of the apparent universal matter-antimatter imbalance.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[726] **viXra:1601.0153 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-14 09:22:29*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

Neutrinos and their weird subatomic ways could help us understand high-energy particles, exploding stars and the origins of matter itself. [5]
PHYSICS may be shifting to the right. Tantalizing signals at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider near Geneva, Switzerland, hint at a new particle that could end 50 years of thinking that nature discriminates between left and right-handed particles. [4]
The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[725] **viXra:1601.0086 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-09 10:24:26*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8]
'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7]
The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6]
They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5]
The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[724] **viXra:1601.0036 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-05 04:59:27*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 12 Pages. Submitted to Foundations of Physics Letters

A brief review of the basics of the Clifford $ Cl ( 5, C ) $ Unified Gauge Field Theory formulation of Conformal Gravity
and $ U (4) \times U (4) \times U(4) $ Yang-Mills in $ 4D$ is presented. A physically relevant subgroup is $ SU (2, 2) \times SU (4)_C \times SU (4)_L \times SU (4)_R $ and which is compatible with the Coleman-Mandula theorem (in the absence of a mass gap). This proposal for a Clifford Algebraic Unification of Conformal Gravity with an Extended Standard Model deals mainly with models of $four$ generations of fermions. Mirror fermions can be incorporated as well. Whether these mirror fermions are dark matter candidates is an open question. There are also residual $U(1)$ groups within this Clifford group unification scheme that should play an important in Cosmology in connection to dark matter particles coupled to gravity via a Bimetric extension of General Relativity. Other four generation scenarios based on $ Cl (6,R), Cl (8,R) $ algebras, Supersymmetric Field Theories and Quaternions are discussed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[723] **viXra:1601.0030 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-01-05 11:29:55*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Physicists peering inside the neutron are seeing glimmers of what appears to be an impossible situation. The vexing findings pertain to quarks, which are the main components of neutrons and protons. The quarks, in essence, spin like tops, as do the neutrons and protons themselves.
Now, experimenters at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News, Va., have found hints that a single quark can briefly hog most of the energy residing in a neutron, yet spin in the direction opposite to that of the neutron itself, says Science News. [10]
The puzzle comes from experiments that aimed to determine how quarks, the building blocks of the proton, are arranged inside that particle. That information is locked inside a quantity that scientists refer to as the proton’s electric form factor. The electric form factor describes the spatial distribution of the quarks inside the proton by mapping the charge that the quarks carry. [9]
Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[722] **viXra:1512.0454 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-12-27 18:07:04*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

We speculate on the idea that the root cause of the recently reported diphoton excess at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is a nonlinear quantum optics effect. The effect is likely to arise from the strong coupling of photons to the sea of relativistic Coulomb charges carried by light quarks.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[721] **viXra:1512.0384 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-12-21 09:38:28*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 10 Pages. Work in progress, full text and references to follow.

Derived from the Peccei-Quinn (PQ) mechanism, axions are hypothetical pseudo-Goldstone bosons that restore the charge-parity (CP) symmetry of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). As of today, the mainstream view is that the PQ mechanism offers the most plausible explanation on the puzzle of preserving CP symmetry in QCD. Moreover, several astrophysical models postulate that axions are likely components of Cold Dark Matter (DM). For example, a recent study argues that DM behaves as a strongly coupled superfluid phase consisting of axion-like particles with mass in the eV range or below [1]. Despite these attractive features, experimental searches have either ruled out some axion-based models or placed them under stringent exclusion limits. The object of this work is to show that the concept of spacetime equipped with minimal fractality (the so called minimal fractal manifold, MFM in short [2-5]) solves the CP problem of QCD without invoking the PQ paradigm. Rather than discarding axions as superfluous complications of the theory, we conclude that they may be seen as topological signature of the MFM, which we suggestively refer to as “Cantor Dust”. We tentatively find that the properties of “Cantor Dust” match current observations of DM on both cosmological and galactic scales. They also fall in line with the idea that Dark Energy arises from the dynamics of neutrino oscillations on cosmological scales [6].

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[720] **viXra:1512.0328 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-12-15 10:31:47*

**Authors:** Hasmukh K. Tank

**Comments:** 9 page power point presentation

This power point presentation, made at an international conference arranged by Lord Venkateshwara University, Tirupati,during 18-20 November 2015, describes in brief how this observable physical world can emerge from the fluctuations of an all-pervading ultimate reality, described in the Upanishads.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[719] **viXra:1512.0279 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-12-10 07:31:41*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

A 1.5 TeV gluino and 35 TeV gravitino occupy mass/energy levels that descend from GUT scale and are incorporated within the sequences of the left-right symmetric Planck Model. The gluino is located in relation to both left and right-handed Higgs VEVs. Spin-3/2 baryon resonances occupy levels that descend from the gravitino mass and are incorporated within the Planck sequences. A symmetric arrangement of particles encompasses the Z-prime boson and the up-down quark doublet on the mass/energy levels.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[718] **viXra:1512.0227 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-12-05 11:09:20*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

After years of searching, researchers say they’ve lastlyidentified a glueball - a particle made only of nuclear force. Hypothesized to exist as part of the standard model of particle physics, glueballs have stunned researchers since the 1970s as they can only be spotted indirectly by measuring their procedure of decay. Now, a group of particle scientists in Austria say they've found proof for the existence of glueballs by observing the decay of a particle identified as f0(1710). Protons and neutrons - the particles that everyday matter consist of - are made of tiny elementary particles called quarks, and quarks are seized together by even minor particles called gluons. [11]
The findings build on previous research that several team members contributed to before joining NIST. In 2013, collaborators from Harvard, Caltech and MIT found a way to bind two photons together so that one would sit right atop the other, superimposed as they travel. Their experimental demonstration was considered a breakthrough, because no one had ever constructed anything by combining individual photons—inspiring some to imagine that real-life lightsabers were just around the corner. [10]
The drop of plasma was created in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). It is made up of two types of subatomic particles: quarks and gluons. Quarks are the building blocks of particles like protons and neutrons, while gluons are in charge of the strong interaction force between quarks. The new quark-gluon plasma is the hottest liquid that has ever been created in a laboratory at 4 trillion C (7 trillion F). Fitting for a plasma like the one at the birth of the universe. [9]
Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[717] **viXra:1512.0223 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-12-05 05:31:19*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Particles can be classified as bosons or fermions. A defining characteristic of a boson is its ability to pile into a single quantum state with other bosons. Fermions are not allowed to do this. One broad impact of fermionic anti-social behavior is that it allows for carbon-based life forms, like us, to exist. If the universe were solely made from bosons, life would certainly not look like it does. Recently, JQI theorists have proposed an elegant method for achieving transmutation—that is, making bosons act like fermions. This work was published in the journal Physical Review Letters. [7]
Quantum physics tell us that even massive particles can behave like waves, as if they could be in several places at once. This phenomenon is typically proven in the diffraction of a matter wave at a grating. Researchers have now carried this idea to the extreme and observed the delocalization of molecules at the thinnest possible grating, a mask milled into a single layer of atoms. [6]
Researchers in Austria have made what they call the "fattest Schrödinger cats realized to date". They have demonstrated quantum superposition – in which an object exists in two or more states simultaneously – for molecules composed of up to 430 atoms each, several times larger than molecules used in previous such experiments1. [5]
Patrick Coles, Jedrzej Kaniewski, and Stephanie Wehner made the breakthrough while at the Centre for Quantum Technologies at the National University of Singapore. They found that 'wave-particle duality' is simply the quantum 'uncertainty principle' in disguise, reducing two mysteries to one. [4]
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[716] **viXra:1511.0289 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-30 07:16:19*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 12 pages, 12 figures

Particles with masses of 2.1, 2.9 and 5.2 TeV, hints of which have been seen at the LHC, have been shown by Motl to be consistent with a left-right-symmetric extension of the Standard Model with a right-handed Higgs VEV of about 7.7 TeV. The hypothetical right-handed sector is shown to duplicate the left-handed sector in a sublime arrangement on the mass/energy levels of the Planck Model. The quarks are arranged in relation to both left and right-handed VEVs. Physics at TeV-scale is shown to be analogous to that on stellar mass scales by way of the 10D/4D correspondence.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[715] **viXra:1511.0269 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-28 04:58:45*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

An international team of physicists has published ground-breaking research on the decay of subatomic particles called kaons -- which could change how scientists understand the formation of the universe. [9]
CERN scientists just completed one of the most exciting upgrades on the Large Hadron Collider—the Di-Jet Calorimeter (DCal). [8]
As physicists were testing the repairs of LHC by zipping a few spare protons around the 17 mile loop, the CMS detector picked up something unusual. The team feverishly pored over the data, and ultimately came to an unlikely conclusion—in their tests, they had accidentally created a rainbow universe. [7]
The universe may have existed forever, according to a new model that applies quantum correction terms to complement Einstein's theory of general relativity. The model may also account for dark matter and dark energy, resolving multiple problems at once. [6]
This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories.
The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[714] **viXra:1511.0257 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-26 11:02:39*

**Authors:** Richard L. Amoroso

**Comments:** 44 Pages.

Can Yang-Mills (YM) Kaluza-Klein (KK) correspondence drive the Future of Particle Physics? Although it is generally known that YM-KK theories define equivalence on principle fiber bundles; specific conditions for equating their Lagrangians have not been rigorously specified. Since the origin of KK Theory virtually all corresponding extensions of the Standard Model (SM) rely on a profusion of additional dimensionality (XD); a conundrum that clearly can only be resolved experimentally. In contrast to ongoing QED violation and CERN LHC SUSY XD experiments, this work explores a radical new low energy-tabletop Unified Field Mechanical (UFM) approach surmounting uncertainty.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[713] **viXra:1511.0237 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-25 03:03:17*

**Authors:** Miroslav Pardy

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The power spectral formula of the radiation of an electron moving in a rotating
dielectric disc is derived. We suppose the index of refraction is constant during the
rotation. This is in accord with the Fermi dielectric rotating disc for the determination
of the light polarization gyration. While the well-known Cherenkov effect, transition
effect, the Cherenkov-synchrotron effect due to the motion of particles in magnetic field
are experimentally confirmed, the new phenomenon - the radiation due to a charge
motion in rotating dielectric medium and the Cherenkov-synchrotron radiation due to the
superluminal motion of particle in the rotating dielectric medium is still in the state of
the preparation of experiment.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[712] **viXra:1511.0236 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-24 14:25:28*

**Authors:** M. A. Thomas

**Comments:** 31 Pages.

The subject of fine tuning in physics is a long contentious issue especially now as it has hitched a ride on the Multiverse bandwagon. The mathematics of quadratic forms are predominately featured and relate the physics parameters G h c, which in turn are weighted during the Planck Era(s) determined by relative Planck time clocking. This simplifies the search to these three values as being the important apparent fine-tuned parameters (quasi fine tuning) for determining the gravitational build structures restricted to SM-4D type Universes. Two gravitational coupling constants (dimensionless) are prescribed within the Ghc complex. Both describe the relative rigidity of gravitational physics in the low energy build of our Universe (General Relativity toward endpoint neutron star, black hole formation). A Master vacuum field symmetry relation (Yang-Mills) is presented using both gravitational coupling constants in their respective degenerate domains (electron to neutron) which shows a relative rigid coherent field of parameters from the Codata set showing the interdependency of these values with each other, particularly G,h,c and particle masses. A consensus example aligns the mass-energy value of the charged pi-meson to 140.050502 MeV. The interdependency demands that the gravitational constant’s empirical value to be 6.67354236 x 10-11 m3kg-1s-2 using Codata 2014 values. The Yang-Mills relation has a perfect symmetry (hidden) due to the inclusion of the very weak gravitational charge (Zxx). This is then the weak gravity unification incorporated into the Standard Model. If the Yang-Mills symmetry relation is true then a double copy pion field permeates the observable Universe.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[711] **viXra:1511.0234 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-24 08:31:11*

**Authors:** S.S.Vilkovskii

**Comments:** 10 Pages. The English text with Russian translation

Possibility of formation of a stationary de Broglie wave by the coordinated interaction of periodic processes in elementary particles is considered. It is shown, the length of a wave of an elementary particle corresponds to a half of length of a wave of a low-frequency bending-around total wave of high-frequency processes of a particle and
its environment.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[710] **viXra:1511.0230 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-23 18:21:59*

**Authors:** Valeriy Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 36 Pages. beamer.cls. Talks at the 5th Workshop FLASY2015, Manzanillo, Mexico, Jun. 29 - Jul. 2, 2015, and at the XI Workshop of the Division of Gravitation and Mathematical Physics (DGFM SMF),), Guanajuato, Mexico, Nov. 16-20, 2015

We study the discrete symmetries (P,C and T) on the kinematical level within the extended Poincare Group. On the basis of the Silagadze research, we investigate the question of the definitions of the discrete symmetry operators both on the classical level, and in the secondary-quantization scheme. We study the physical contents within several bases: light-front formulation, helicity basis, angular momentum basis, and so on, on several practical examples. We analize problems in construction of the neutral particles in the the
(1/2,0)+(0,1/2) representation, the (1,0)+(0,1) and the (1/2,1/2) representations of the Lorentz Group. As well known, the photon has the quantum numbers 1-, so the (1,0)+(0,1) representation of the Lorentz group is relevant to its description. We have ambiguities in the definitions of the corresponding operators P, C; T, which lead to different physical consequences. It appears that the answers are connected with the helicity basis properties, and commutations/anticommutations of the corresponding operators, C, P, T, and C^2, P^2, (CP)^2 properties.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[709] **viXra:1511.0205 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-21 09:38:34*

**Authors:** Valeriy V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 4 Pages. Prepared for the BGL-9 Conference, October 27-30, 2015, Minsk, Belarus, http://dragon.bas-net.by/bgl9/

We re-examine the theory of antisymmetric tensor fields and 4-vector potentials. We discuss corresponding massless limits.
We analize the quantum field theory taking into account the mass dimensions
of the notoph and the photon. Next, we deduced the gravitational field equations from
relativistic quantum mechanics.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[708] **viXra:1511.0191 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-20 08:54:56*

**Authors:** William L. Stubbs

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

I explore the question: Does the deep inelastic scattering data support a simpler, more accommodating, model of the proton than the quark-gluon model?; and present a case for an alternative to the current proton model. By
reanalyzing the SLAC proton and deuteron F2 curves, I show that the proton can be modeled as nine muons. Then, by reevaluating the F2 results of the HERA proton deep inelastic scattering experiments, I further show that the muons in this proton model are each made of just over 200 electrons. A model of the free electron falls out of the new proton model that reveals why the Bohr magneton only approximates the free electron magnetic moment, and that the mass of the electron neutrino is 236 eV. Finally, by slightly modifying my proton model, I build a model of
the neutron that reveals 0.24 MeV of energy not currently accounted for in the neutron mass-energy balances used to determine its mass. From all of this, I conclude that the deep inelastic scattering data does support a simpler, more accommodating, model of the proton than the quark-gluon model, and question the validity of the quark model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[707] **viXra:1511.0151 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-17 16:46:44*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 19 Pages. v2 contains a newly-added section 7 showing how the half-integer fractions would only be detectable by electrically-charged fermions, not bosons.

It has long been believed that to avoid unphysical observable string singularities, Dirac monopoles must be quantized in whole integers according to the Dirac Quantization Condition 2eg=n, where e and g are the electric and magnetic charge strengths respectively, and n is an integer. This is in fact true if the electron wavefunction is not rotated while it traverses a single complete 2π circuit about the monopole. But it is also well-known that when a spinor undergoes a rotation through 2π, the sign of that spinor is reversed yielding an opposite “version” of that spinor, and that the original sign and version are only restored after a 4π double rotation. Consequently, it is shown here that when an electron wavefunction is rotated in a tidal lock with the monopole during a single 2π circuit, and specifically due to the version change that occurs because of this tidally-locked rotation, to avoid unphysical singularities the Dirac condition must change from the usual whole integer condition to a half-integer condition 2eg=n-½. It is also shown how these half-integer charges would only be detectable by electrically-charged fermions, not bosons.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[706] **viXra:1511.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-15 13:08:19*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** Pages.

By way of the 10D/4D correspondence we have identified atomic nuclei as the particle analogues of supermassive black holes. We now specify the nuclear analogues of the supermassive black holes of the Milky Way and M31 galaxies and show that they occupy mass levels in the Planck Model. We show that the particle analogue of the ultraluminous X-ray source M82 X-1, which is thought to be an intermediate mass black hole, would be of mass 0.8 TeV. The particle analogues of stellar mass black holes would have masses in the region of 3-5 TeV. The 10D/4D correspondence may have implications for the black hole information paradox.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[705] **viXra:1511.0115 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-14 09:57:36*

**Authors:** Austin J. Fearnley

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

This paper shows a model for building all elementary particles of the Standard Model plus the higgs, dark matter and gravitons, out of preons and sub-preons. The preons are built from string-like hexarks each with chiral values for the fundamental properties of elementary particles. Hexark colour and tone completely determine particle colour charge and electric charge. Gravitons occur in three generations: the first generation graviton is colourless and gives rise to dark energy. The third generation gravitons are coloured with colour-anticolour, like the gluon, and give rise to a generally attractive but very weak force over an inter-galactic range, just as the gluon gives a generally attractive but much stronger force over a much shorter distance. The third generation higgs, recently discovered, also has colour-anticolour. Model #7 replaces the old Model #6 of May 2015 which did not cater for the graviton.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[704] **viXra:1511.0112 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-13 12:56:53*

**Authors:** Amir H. Fatollahi

**Comments:** 9 Pages. Submitted to journal N.P.

The proposed coordinate/field duality [Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 (1997) 163] is applied to the gauge and matter sectors of gauge theories. In the non-Abelian case, due to indices originated from the internal space, the dual coordinates appear to be matrices. The dimensions and the transformations of the matrix coordinates of gauge and matter sectors are different and are consistent to expectations from lattice gauge theory and the theory of open strings equipped with the Chan-Paton factors. It is argued that in the unbroken symmetry phase, where only proper collections of field components as colorless states are detected, it is logical to assume that the same happens for the dual coordinates, making matrix coordinates the natural candidates to capture the internal dynamics of baryonic confined states. The proposed matrix coordinates happen to be the same appearing in the bound-state of D0-branes of string theory.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[703] **viXra:1511.0110 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-13 06:55:38*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

A group of national particle physicists known as the Lattice Strong Dynamics Collaboration, led by a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory team, has combined theoretical and computational physics techniques and used the Laboratory's massively parallel 2-petaflop Vulcan supercomputer to devise a new model of dark matter. [16]
Researchers propose that dark matter is a kind of invisible, intangible version of a pion, or a type of meson — a category of particles made up of quarks and antiquarks. [15]
A new theory says dark matter acts remarkably similar to subatomic particles known to science since the 1930s. [14]
How can the LHC experiments prove that they have produced dark matter? They can’t… not alone, anyway. [13]
The race for the discovery of dark matter is on. Several experiments worldwide are searching for the mysterious substance and pushing the limits on the properties it may have. [12]
Dark energy is a mysterious force that pervades all space, acting as a "push" to accelerate the universe's expansion. Despite being 70 percent of the universe, dark energy was only discovered in 1998 by two teams observing Type Ia supernovae. A Type 1a supernova is a cataclysmic explosion of a white dwarf star. The best way of measuring dark energy just got better, thanks to a new study of Type Ia supernovae. [11]
Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10]
The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[702] **viXra:1511.0098 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-12 08:28:34*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Connes has constructed a realistic physics model in 4-dim spacetime based on NonCommutative Geometry (NCG) of M x F
where M = 4-dim spacetime and F = C x H x M3(C) and C = Complex Numbers, H = Quaternions, and M3(C) = 3x3 Complex Matrices. E8 has been used as a basis for physics models such as those by Lisi ( arXiv 1506.08073 ) and Smith ( viXra 1508.0157 ) so the purpose of this paper is to show a connection between Connes NCG Physics and E8.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[701] **viXra:1511.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-11 07:05:24*

**Authors:** N. Murata, YojaPanchan

**Comments:** 6 Pages. -

In this paper, the mass derived from the g$\_$equation is assumed to be the mass of quark-lepton, and is used to calculate the masses of the atomic nucleus.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[700] **viXra:1511.0041 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-03 21:53:48*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Experimental Observed and Theoretical Ideal T-quark widths are discussed for the 3 mass states of the T-quark of E8 Physics.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[699] **viXra:1511.0024 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-03 08:03:27*

**Authors:** Hui-Bin Qiu

**Comments:** 4 Pages. The 3rd version of viXra:1510.0446

We propose an instructive possibility to generalize the tri-bimaximal neutrino mixing
ansatz, such that leptonic CP violation and the fractal feature of the universe can
naturally be incorporated into the resultant scenario of fractal nearly tri-bimaximal
flavor mixing. The consequences of this new ansatze on the latest experimental da-
ta of neutrino oscillations are analyzed.
This theory is perfectly matched with the
current experimental data, and surprisedly, we find that the existing neutrino oscil-
lation experimental data is the initial experimental evidence supporting one kind of
high dimensional unified theories, such as M-theory. Besides, an interesting approach
to construct lepton mass matrices in fractal universe under permutation symmetry is
also discussed. This theory opens an unexpected window on the physics beyond the
Standard Model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[698] **viXra:1511.0006 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-01 10:24:30*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 2 Pages. Work in progress, abstract and references only.

Derived from the Peccei-Quinn (PQ) mechanism, axions are hypothetical pseudo-Goldstone bosons that restore the charge-parity (CP) symmetry of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). As of today, the mainstream view is that the PQ mechanism offers the most plausible explanation on the puzzle of preserving CP symmetry in QCD. Moreover, several astrophysical models postulate that axions are likely components of Cold Dark Matter (DM). For example, a recent study argues that DM behaves as a strongly coupled superfluid phase consisting of axion-like particles with mass in the eV range or below [1]. Despite these attractive features, experimental searches have either ruled out some axion-based models or placed them under stringent exclusion limits. The object of this work is to show that the concept of spacetime equipped with minimal fractality (the so called minimal fractal manifold, MFM in short [2-5]) solves the CP problem of QCD without invoking the PQ paradigm. Rather than discarding axions as superfluous complications of the theory, we conclude that they may be seen as topological signature of the MFM, which we suggestively refer to as “Cantor Dust”. We tentatively find that the properties of “Cantor Dust” fall in line with current observations of DM on both cosmological and galactic scales. They are also consistent with the idea that Dark Energy arises from the dynamics of neutrino oscillations on cosmological scales [6].

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[697] **viXra:1511.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-11-01 01:31:39*

**Authors:** Bhupendra Badgaiyan

**Comments:** 6 Pages. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4841.8002

A variant of Dirac equation has been proposed wherein in addition to particles and anti-particles (fermions) with positive and negative energies respectively, one also obtains a bosonic solution with spin 0 (a scalar particle) with the same mass. The boson also has positive and negative energies. In the context of supersymmetry the boson can be seen as an unbroken super partner of the corresponding fermion. Quaternion coordinates have been used to obtain this result.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[566] **viXra:1601.0232 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-01-21 21:22:00*

**Authors:** Yibing Qiu

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Abstract: showing the neutrino has no its own antiparticle and the basis

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[565] **viXra:1512.0454 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-01-14 12:37:26*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

We speculate on the idea that the root cause of the recently reported diphoton excess at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is a nonlinear quantum optics effect. The effect is likely to arise from the strong coupling of photons to the sea of relativistic Coulomb charges carried by light quarks.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[564] **viXra:1512.0454 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-12-30 14:04:52*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

We speculate on the idea that the root cause of the recently reported diphoton excess at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is a nonlinear quantum optics effect. The effect is likely to arise from the strong coupling of photons to the sea of relativistic Coulomb charges carried by light quarks.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[563] **viXra:1511.0244 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-02-05 15:53:57*

**Authors:** Andreas Henriksson

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

We propose that imaginary time is a discrete physical dimension and that quantum phenomena should be understood as arising from the motion of virtual particles in imaginary time. The five-dimensional Universe tend to evolve in such a way as to attain a uniform energy distribution, equal to zero, in imaginary time. This tendency is the cause for vacuum decay and it is our proposition that we live in a four-dimensional topologically unique spacetime sector that has a net inflow of energy coming from virtual particles. A consequence of having a net inflow of energy into our spacetime is an increase in the rest mass of spacetime particles, which in turn is argued to be the origin behind the apparent cosmic acceleration.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[562] **viXra:1511.0236 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-12-19 12:46:39*

**Authors:** M. A. Thomas

**Comments:** 32 Pages. Also available as preprint Hal-01232022v3

The subject of fine tuning in physics is a long contentious issue especially now as it has hitched a ride on the Multiverse bandwagon. The mathematics of quadratic forms are predominately featured and relate the physics parameters G h c, which in turn are weighted during the Planck Era(s) determined by relative Planck time clocking. This simplifies the search to these three values as being the important apparent fine-tuned parameters (quasi fine tuning) for determining the gravitational build structures restricted to SM-4D type Universes. Two gravitational coupling constants (dimensionless) are prescribed within the Ghc complex. Both describe the relative rigidity of gravitational physics in the low energy build of our Universe (General Relativity toward endpoint neutron star, black hole formation). A Master vacuum field symmetry relation (Yang-Mills) is presented using both gravitational coupling constants in their respective degenerate domains (electron to neutron) which shows a relative rigid coherent field of parameters from the Codata set showing the interdependency of these values with each other, particularly G,h,c and particle masses. If this is correct then quasi fine-tuning is a symmetry operation. A consensus example aligns the mass-energy value of the charged pi-meson to 140.050502 MeV. The interdependency demands that the gravitational constant’s empirical value to be 6.67354236 x 10^-11 m^3 kg^-1 s^-2 using Codata 2014 values. The Yang-Mills relation has a perfect symmetry (hidden) due to the inclusion of the very weak gravitational charge (Z_xx). This is then the weak gravity unification incorporated into the Standard Model. If the Yang-Mills symmetry relation is true then a double copy pion field permeates the observable Universe.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[561] **viXra:1511.0236 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-11-25 12:05:24*

**Authors:** M. A. Thomas

**Comments:** 31 Pages. Inserted Photo, Also available on Hal-01232002

The subject of fine tuning in physics is a long contentious issue especially now as it has hitched a ride on the Multiverse bandwagon. The mathematics of quadratic forms are predominately featured and relate the physics parameters G h c, which in turn are weighted during the Planck Era(s) determined by relative Planck time clocking. This simplifies the search to these three values as being the important apparent fine-tuned parameters (quasi fine tuning) for determining the gravitational build structures restricted to SM-4D type Universes. Two gravitational coupling constants (dimensionless) are prescribed within the Ghc complex. Both describe the relative rigidity of gravitational physics in the low energy build of our Universe (General Relativity toward endpoint neutron star, black hole formation). A Master vacuum field symmetry relation (Yang-Mills) is presented using both gravitational coupling constants in their respective degenerate domains (electron to neutron) which shows a relative rigid coherent field of parameters from the Codata set showing the interdependency of these values with each other, particularly G,h,c and particle masses. A consensus example aligns the mass-energy value of the charged pi-meson to 140.050502 MeV. The interdependency demands that the gravitational constant’s empirical value to be 6.67354236 x 10^-11 m^3kg^-1s^-2 using Codata 2014 values. The Yang-Mills relation has a perfect symmetry (hidden) due to the inclusion of the very weak gravitational charge (Z_xx). This is then the weak gravity unification incorporated into the Standard Model. If the Yang-Mills symmetry relation is true then a double copy pion field permeates the observable Universe.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[560] **viXra:1511.0151 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-11-27 19:36:32*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 19 Pages. v2 contains a new section 7 showing how the half-integer monopole charges would only be detectable by electrically-charged fermions, not bosons.

It has long been believed that to avoid unphysical observable string singularities, Dirac monopoles must be quantized in whole integers according to the Dirac Quantization Condition 2eg=n, where e and g are the electric and magnetic charge strengths respectively, and n is an integer. This is in fact true if the electron wavefunction is not rotated while it traverses a single complete 2π circuit about the monopole. But it is also well-known that when a spinor undergoes a rotation through 2π, the sign of that spinor is reversed yielding an opposite “version” of that spinor, and that the original sign and version are only restored after a 4π double rotation. Consequently, it is shown here that when an electron wavefunction is rotated in a tidal lock with the monopole during a single 2π circuit, and specifically due to the version change that occurs because of this tidally-locked rotation, to avoid unphysical singularities the Dirac condition must change from the usual whole integer condition to a half-integer condition 2eg=n-½. It is also shown how these half-integer charges would only be detectable by electrically-charged fermions, not bosons.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[559] **viXra:1511.0098 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-11-17 16:34:18*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Connes has constructed a realistic physics model in 4-dim spacetime based on NonCommutative Geometry (NCG) of M x F where M = 4-dim spacetime and F = C x H x M3(C) and C = Complex Numbers, H = Quaternions, and M3(C) = 3x3 Complex Matrices. E8 has been used as a basis for physics models such as those by Lisi ( arXiv 1506.08073 ) and Smith ( viXra 1508.0157 ) so the purpose of this paper is to show a connection between Connes NCG Physics and E8. Version 2 (v2) gives more detailed comparison of Tquark and Higgs masses from NCG Physics and from E8 Physics.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[558] **viXra:1511.0086 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-11-30 10:12:21*

**Authors:** Stefan Mehedinteanu

**Comments:** 16 Pages. Essential modifications are introduced

Some recent experiments signalize the high-energy particles due of laser irradiation of Deuterium layer absorbed (adsorbed) on metals surface.
Based on the previously author works about models on nucleons structure and on the bias current inside valence nucleons during stimulation by a laser, in the present one is analyzed the feasibility of these experiments. Thus, by using QM&MD programme: fhi96md is confirmed the apparition of high D coverage (~0.5) of the surface of Pd lattice. Also is proved the author’s model of vortex assisted photon beta decay, when a laser photon makes this process much more probable by creating a spot (melt) in nucleon with suppressed order parameter that lowering the energy barrier for vortex crossing together with an heavy electron (bias current ) as resulting from the decay of the permanent rate of bosons pairs as produced inside nucleons by a Schwinger effect. Thus, the obtained electrical current have a power Pw=2x109 w<<Plaser ~2Pw for a laser spot of size , that corresponds with ELI laser characteristics, that means not energy gain for this laser type. But if we use others lasers of much smaller power when we have per photons ~10-5w x1ns(T=109K)~10-14 J of duration ~1ns and, respectively ~10-14 Jx1013 ~0.1J~108 [w] for a pulse composed of ~1013 ph/s, in this case it can appears a net gain of 2x109/108=20. If these remains in stage of muons (100MeV) collected into a metallic sphere that means ~1.6x108w.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[557] **viXra:1511.0024 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-11-03 22:51:02*

**Authors:** Hui-Bin Qiu

**Comments:** 4 Pages. The 4th version of viXra:1510.0446

We propose an instructive possibility to generalize the tri-bimaximal neutrino mixing
ansatz, such that leptonic CP violation and the fractal feature of the universe can
naturally be incorporated into the resultant scenario of fractal nearly tri-bimaximal
flavor mixing. The consequences of this new ansatze on the latest experimental da-
ta of neutrino oscillations are analyzed.
This theory is perfectly matched with the
current experimental data, and surprisedly, we find that the existing neutrino oscil-
lation experimental data is the initial experimental evidence supporting one kind of
high dimensional unified theories, such as M-theory. Besides, an interesting approach
to construct lepton mass matrices in fractal universe under permutation symmetry is
also discussed. This theory opens an unexpected window on the physics beyond the
Standard Model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics