**Previous months:**

2007 - 0702(7) - 0703(6) - 0704(2) - 0706(4) - 0708(1) - 0710(1) - 0712(1)

2008 - 0802(2) - 0803(1) - 0809(1) - 0810(1) - 0811(1) - 0812(1)

2009 - 0904(1) - 0907(8) - 0908(5) - 0909(4) - 0910(7) - 0911(10) - 0912(5)

2010 - 1001(4) - 1002(3) - 1003(13) - 1004(4) - 1005(4) - 1006(2) - 1007(3) - 1008(7) - 1009(6) - 1010(5) - 1011(5) - 1012(8)

2011 - 1102(5) - 1103(16) - 1104(4) - 1105(3) - 1106(2) - 1107(3) - 1108(6) - 1109(8) - 1110(9) - 1111(12) - 1112(5)

2012 - 1201(13) - 1202(6) - 1203(7) - 1204(5) - 1205(4) - 1206(8) - 1207(6) - 1208(14) - 1209(4) - 1210(13) - 1211(6) - 1212(15)

2013 - 1301(12) - 1302(15) - 1303(7) - 1304(7) - 1305(9) - 1306(11) - 1307(11) - 1308(11) - 1309(16) - 1310(12) - 1311(7) - 1312(13)

2014 - 1401(13) - 1402(18) - 1403(10) - 1404(21) - 1405(15) - 1406(14) - 1407(5) - 1408(15) - 1409(5) - 1410(12) - 1411(11) - 1412(15)

2015 - 1501(7) - 1502(12) - 1503(13) - 1504(11) - 1505(21) - 1506(6) - 1507(24) - 1508(21) - 1509(11) - 1510(5) - 1511(20) - 1512(5)

2016 - 1601(16) - 1602(16) - 1603(13) - 1604(13) - 1605(10)

Any replacements are listed further down

[786] **viXra:1605.0271 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-26 04:19:10*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 22 Pages.

Radioactive decay anomaly could imply a new fundamental force, theorists say. [15] Researchers at the University of Southampton have proposed a new fundamental particle which could explain why no one has managed to detect 'dark matter', the elusive missing 85 per cent of the Universe's mass. [14] Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs) are extreme bursts of radio emission that last for a few milliseconds. They were discovered in 2013, and, in 2014, the number papers on FRBs skyrocketed. The origin of these transients is still uncertain — we can't even agree if they are extraterrestrial! Astrobites has already covered two possible origins: stellar flares and neutron star mergers. Today's paper suggests an even more exotic source: dark matter annihilation of neutron stars. [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[785] **viXra:1605.0228 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-22 09:32:31*

**Authors:** J. S. Markovitch

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The last six years have seen great strides in measuring the neutrino squared-mass splittings and heavy quark masses. It is therefore timely to reconsider the mass formulas introduced by the author in 2010, which then disagreed with the ratio of the neutrino squared-mass splittings.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[784] **viXra:1605.0220 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-21 07:30:38*

**Authors:** Wu Sheng-Ping

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory.
Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the current from electromagnetic field is proposed.
and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles.
The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data.
The momentum-energy tensor of the electromagnetic field coming to the equation of general relativity is discussed. In the end that the conformation elementarily between this theory
and QED and weak theory is discussed compatible, except some bias in some analysis.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[783] **viXra:1605.0202 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-20 03:44:25*

**Authors:** N.S. Baaklini

**Comments:** 10 pages, 22 equations, 9 references

We present results of applying our divergence-free effective action quantum field theory techniques to the theory of Maxwell-Dirac electrodynamics. This describes the interaction of the electromagnetic photon field with a charged fermion (the electron). This gives another example of the applicability of our
divergence-free methods to a system with Abelian gauge invariance. Results of loop computations are given, implementing the principle of gauge-covariant momentum-space quantization.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[782] **viXra:1605.0150 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-13 16:34:55*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

**Comments:** Pages.

Impedance may be defined as a measure of the amplitude and phase of opposition to the
flow of energy. The notion of exact impedance quantization can be extended beyond quantum Hall to impedances associated with all potentials. The tools of geometric Clifford algebra permit one to construct a geometric electromagnetic model of the electron, and to calculate the impedance network of interactions between the constituents. Proton structure (and a little spin) are extracted from the
topological dual character of scalar electric and pseudoscalar magnetic charges.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[781] **viXra:1605.0115 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-11 13:11:22*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 1 Page. Fig. 4 to accompany paper "The Symmetry Groups of Light"

Figure 4 is an attempt to represent diagrammatically the connection between leptons and quarks. The essence of the relationship is that the quarks are a resonant subset of the leptons.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[780] **viXra:1605.0086 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-09 09:56:20*

**Authors:** Syed Afsar Abbas

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The existence of the bare mass and the bare charge in Quantum Electrodynamics is analyzed in terms
of the Standard Model of particle physics.
QED arises as a renormalized theory as a consequense of spontaneous symmetry breaking
by Englert-Brout-Higgs mechanism as
$SU(3)_{C}\otimes SU(2)_{L}\otimes U(1)_{Y} \,\rightarrow \,SU(3)_{C} \otimes U(1)_{em}$.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[779] **viXra:1605.0069 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-05 17:14:04*

**Authors:** Cris A. Fitch

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

We observe that the Standard Model's fermions can be mapped onto a 7-bit pattern, and that these bits can be used to calculate the various charges (color, weak isospin, hypercharge, and electromagnetic) for these particles. A geometrical object, the trihepton, is proposed as means of understanding where the pattern of fermions and the simple formulas for the charges come from. Its relationship with the Fano plane from projective geometry is considered. Issues and implications of the model are discussed. A fourth generation of fermions with spin 3/2 and absolute charge (2, 5/3, 4/3, 1) is hypothesized, and it is also suggested that there may be bosons associated with neutrino oscillation.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[778] **viXra:1605.0007 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-01 12:46:35*

**Authors:** Russell Bagdoo

**Comments:** 18 pages. « Oscillations temporelles du neutrino » is the French version of «Neutrino’s Temporal Oscillations» on viXra.org/abs/1605.0005

Nous conjecturons l’existence de neutrinos sans masse qui sont dans la ligne du modèle standard mais qui possèdent des fonctionnalités non représentées par le modèle standard : ils utilisent un chemin radial plus court que le photon et possèdent des saveurs bosoniques. Ils seraient considérés comme des bosons au lieu de fermions. Nous appelons cette théorie « oscillations temporelles du neutrino ». Confrontée à quelques comparaisons expérimentales – neutrinos solaires, neutrinos de SN1987A, neutrinos cosmologiques ̶ , la théorie donne de meilleurs résultats et des explications plus sensées que la théorie compliquée de l’oscillation du neutrino. L’expérience « OPERA » qui a mesuré la vitesse des neutrinos en 2011 a abouti à des données que ne peuvent expliquer les trois types de neutrinos existants. La physique des neutrinos semble malade. L’oscillation temporelle du neutrino, en montrant le raccourci que prennent des neutrinos sans masse dans l’espace-temps à trois dimensions spatiales que nous connaissons, représente dans le modèle standard une fenêtre ouverte sur une « nouvelle physique » qui a un rapport avec la réalité physique.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[777] **viXra:1605.0005 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-05-01 08:11:02*

**Authors:** Russell Bagdoo

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

We conjecture the existence of massless neutrinos that are in the line of standard model (unable to account for the neutrino mass) but have characteristics that are not accounted for by the standard model: they use a shorter radial path than the photon and possess bosonic flavors. Considered like bosons instead of fermions. We call this theory "neutrino’s temporal oscillations". Faced with some experimental comparisons ̶ solar neutrinos, neutrinos from SN1987A, cosmological neutrinos ̶ , the theory gives better results, explanations and sense than the complicated theory of neutrino oscillations (transformism). The "OPERA" experiment which measured the speed of neutrinos in 2011 resulted, after a "superluminal" saga, in data that the three existing types of neutrinos cannot explain, with the final outcome of a fourth "sterile" neutrino with non-standard interaction. Neutrino physics does not make sense. "Neutrino’s temporal oscillations" shows the short cut that massless neutrinos take in the three spatial dimensions of the space-time that we know. It represents within the Standard Model an open window on a "new physics" that has a connection with physical reality.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[776] **viXra:1604.0382 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-29 23:55:14*

**Authors:** Vladimir Dzhunushaliev

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Small nonassociative corrections for the SUSY operators $Q_{a, \dot a}$ are considered. The smallness is controlled by the ratio of the Planck length and a characteristic length $\ell_0 = \Lambda^{-1/2}$. Corresponding corrections of the momentum operator arising from the anticommutator of the SUSY operators are considered. The momentum operator corrections are defined via the anticommutator of the unperturbed SUSY operators $Q_{a, \dot a}$
and nonassociative corrections $Q_{1, a, \dot a}$. Choosing different anticommutators, one can obtain either a modified or $q$ -- deformed commutator of position $x^\mu$ and momentum operators $P_\nu$.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[775] **viXra:1604.0341 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-25 06:51:21*

**Authors:** N.S. Baaklini

**Comments:** 17 pages, 53 equations, 8 references

We present results of applying our divergence-free effective action quantum field theory techniques to the theory of scalar electrodynamics, describing the interaction of the electromagnetic photon field with a charged
scalar. This gives an example of the applicability of our divergence-free methods to a system with Abelian gauge invariance. Results of loop computations are given, demonstrating gauge invariance of the effective vertices. Whereas an infrared-regulating mass parameter is given to the virtual photon, the masslessness of the effective photon is demonstrated as well.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[774] **viXra:1604.0320 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-23 08:10:46*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

In 2012, a tiny flash of light was detected deep beneath the Antarctic ice. A burst of neutrinos was responsible, and the flash of light was their calling card. It might not sound momentous, but the flash could give us tantalising insights into one of the most energetic objects in the distant universe. The light was triggered by the universe's most elusive particles when they made contact with a remarkable detector, appropriately called IceCube, which was built for the very purpose of capturing rare events such as this. [6] Neutrinos and their weird subatomic ways could help us understand high-energy particles, exploding stars and the origins of matter itself. [5] PHYSICS may be shifting to the right. Tantalizing signals at CERN's Large Hadron Collider near Geneva, Switzerland, hint at a new particle that could end 50 years of thinking that nature discriminates between left and right-handed particles. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[773] **viXra:1604.0318 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-23 05:13:26*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

A small team of researchers with Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München and the Max-Planck-Institute of Quantum Optics, both in Germany has successfully demonstrated a means for shaping electron beams in time through interactions with terahertz electromagnetic fields. [11] A new scientific instrument at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory promises to capture some of nature's speediest processes. It uses a method known as ultrafast electron diffraction (UED) and can reveal motions of electrons and atomic nuclei within molecules that take place in less than a tenth of a trillionth of a second – information that will benefit groundbreaking research in materials science, chemistry and biology. [10] As an elementary particle, the electron cannot be broken down into smaller particles, at least as far as is currently known. However, in a phenomenon called electron fractionalization, in certain materials an electron can be broken down into smaller "charge pulses," each of which carries a fraction of the electron's charge. Although electron fractionalization has many interesting implications, its origins are not well understood. [9] New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[772] **viXra:1604.0296 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-20 23:25:40*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

We have recently shown that the Standard Model of particle physics (SM) may be configured as a multifractal set, with all field components acting as primary generators of this set. The goal of this brief note is to point out that a multifractal description of General Relativity (GR) is also possible, starting from the definition of the metric tensor and relativistic interval. This finding paves the way to an unforeseen homeomorphism between the structure of SM and classical gravity.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[771] **viXra:1604.0276 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-19 01:05:28*

**Authors:** Peter Leifer

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

It is commonly understood that the Yang-Mills non-Abelian gauge fields is the natural generalization of the well known Abelian gauge group symmetry $U(1)$ in the electrodynamics. Taking into account that the problems of the localization and divergences in QFT are not solved in the framework of the Standard Model (SM), I proposed a different approach to the quantum theory of the single self-interacting electron. In connection with this theory, I would like attract the attention to the state-dependent gauge transformations $U(1) \times U(N-1)$ associated with the Jacobi vector fields of the geodesic variations in the complex projective Hilbert space $CP(N-1)$ of the unlocated quantum states (UQS's).

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[770] **viXra:1604.0254 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-17 12:03:52*

**Authors:** Roger N. Weller

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Abstract
In my prior article, Empirical formulas for Rest-Mass Energies of Sub -Atomic Particles (http://vixra.org/abs/1604.0192), 74 subatomic particles were studied and assigned simple formulas that closely approximated the current measured masses. A closer examination of these formulas reveals that most of the particle masses can be grouped around factors containing 7 times the reciprocal of the fine-structure constant.
by Roger N. Weller (proton3@gmail.com) April 17, 2016

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[769] **viXra:1604.0213 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-13 10:14:41*

**Authors:** Imrich Krištof

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

This publication says about new phenomena of Modern Physics – Neutrinics – particles called neutrinos.
In introduction author says about his personal experience with this elusive and mysterious, subatomic particles, where he for the first time registered about this “phantom” of physics. He summarizes publications of authors or scientists, which influenced him to his interests in particle and nuclear physics.
Author describes briefly principles of detection of neutrinos in underwater neutrino detectors, like AMANDA / ICE CUBE, ANTARES, Baikal, NESTOR, DUMAND and NEMO. Author of this article fills this text by his own pictures or figures of neutrino detection, transmission and oscillation. He lays the question like for example: “is neutrino unstable subatomic particle?” It's very difficult to integrate to the Standard Model. Author further put on description of neutrino transmission under leading physicist Daniel Stancil and the scientific group of physicists from State University of Northern Carolina, which in
Fermilab successfully realized teleporting of onefold message – word “neutrino” with help of particles neutrinos on the distance 1 kilometer. Next mention is about neutrino cross efficient section, mixing angles and mixing matrix (nut) of neutrinos. Neutrino cross section according author of this text fluctuates.Oscillations is here described with help of Pontecorvo, Maki, Nakagawi and Sakata matrix (nut). Extraordinary attention is devoted to Exciton theory. In the end could be said, that physicists are sure, that communication by intermediary neutrinos is principly possible.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[768] **viXra:1604.0205 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-13 01:39:31*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Now, researchers from the University of Tokyo, in collaboration with a Spanish physicist, have used one of the world's most powerful computers to analyse a special decay of calcium-48, whose life, which lasts trillions of years, depends on the unknown mass of neutrinos. This advance will facilitate the detection of this rare decay in underground laboratories. [5]
To measure the mass of neutrinos, scientists study radioactive decays in which they are emitted. An essential ingredient is the decay energy which corresponds to the mass difference between the mother and daughter nuclei. This decay energy must be known with highest precision. A team of scientists now succeeded to resolve a severe discrepancy of the decay energy for the artificial holmium (Ho) isotope with mass number 163. [4]
The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[767] **viXra:1604.0192 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-11 18:15:07*

**Authors:** Roger N. Weller

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

A mathematical relationship between the rest-mass energies of sub-atomic particles has been discovered. As a consequence, simple formulas for the rest- mass energies of 74 subatomic particles and even some heavy quarks are being proposed. The reciprocal of the fine constant occupies a major role in these formulas.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[766] **viXra:1604.0156 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-10 03:43:04*

**Authors:** N.S. Baaklini

**Comments:** 16 pages, 50 equations, 7 references

We present results of applying our divergence-free effective action quantum field theory techniques to a scalar model with nonlinear interactions governed by a dimensional coupling constant. This gives an example of the applicability of our divergence-free methods, and
the viability of theories that are often disregarded due to the outstanding problem of nonrenormalizable divergences. Our results
demonstrate that the (Goldstone) scalar would remain massless in the effective quantum action, while the original vertices, governed by
nonlinear invariance, would preserve their form.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[765] **viXra:1604.0139 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-08 08:13:11*

**Authors:** Cvavb.chandra Raju

**Comments:** 14 Pages. (C) 2016, CVAVB.CHANDRA RAJU, DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS OSMANIA UNIVERSITY, HYDERABAD, INDIA

One pion exchange mass dependent Yukawa Potential Energy is used to estimate neutron-nucleus total elastic scattering cross-
section. When this total cross-section is extrapolated to zero-energy for neutron- Triton case it agrees pretty well with the
known experimental value. Estimations for 5.54 MeV P-3H and P-3He differential scattering cross-section are carried out. It is shown that for 15 degree center of mass angle of scattering the P-3He differential scattering is about 300times that of P-3H ,and this needs experimental confirmation to fix the mass dependence of the Yukawa Potential Energy.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[764] **viXra:1604.0122 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-04-06 08:10:17*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Work in progress.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[763] **viXra:1603.0397 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-29 11:28:00*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

The proton sounds like a simple object, but it's not. Inside, there's a teeming microcosm of quarks and gluons with properties such as spin and "color" charge that contribute to the particle's seemingly simplistic role as a building block of visible matter. By analyzing the particle debris emitted from collisions of polarized protons at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), scientists say they've found a new way to glimpse that internal microcosm. They've measured a key effect of the so-called color interaction-the basis for the strong nuclear force that binds quarks within the proton. This new measurement tests, for the first time, theoretical concepts that are essential for mapping the proton's three-dimensional internal structure. [11] A team of physicists suggested that the fundamental building unit proton can alter its structure under certain circumstances. Scientists are now performing experiments to show that the structure of protons can change inside the nucleus under certain conditions. [10] Exotic Mesons and Hadrons are high energy states of Quark oscillations. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[762] **viXra:1603.0332 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-23 07:22:53*

**Authors:** C A Brannen

**Comments:** 18 Pages. For submission to Foundations of Physics. Acknowledgements to be added after review by friends.

Density matrices can be used to describe ensembles of particles in thermodynamic equilibrium. We assume that the density matrices are a more natural description of quantum objects than state vectors. This suggests that we generalize density matrices from the usual operators on a Hilbert space to be elements of an algebra. Using density matrix renormalization to change the temperature of the ensembles, we show how the choice of algebra determines the symmetry and particle content of these generalized density matrices. The symmetries are of the form SU(N)xSU(M)x...U(1). We propose that the Standard Model of elementary particles should include a dark matter SU(2) doublet.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[761] **viXra:1603.0329 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-22 18:32:25*

**Authors:** P.R. Silva

**Comments:** 06 pages, 10 references

- The Gell-Mann, Oakes and Renner and the Goldberger-Treiman relations jointly with a bold hypothesis about virtual thermal equilibrium, leads to the determination of the up and down-quarks current masses. The obtained results show good agreement with the best ones of the literature.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[760] **viXra:1603.0255 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-18 01:41:43*

**Authors:** Eugene V. Stefanovich

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Recent experiments with relativistic electron bunches indicate that Coulomb field is rigidly attached to the charge's instantaneous position. We claim that despite a widespread opinion, this fact does not violate causality in moving reference frames. To see that, one should properly take into account the interaction dependence of the Lorentz boost generator.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[759] **viXra:1603.0247 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-16 12:30:14*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

Derived from the Peccei-Quinn (PQ) mechanism, axions are hypothetical pseudo-Goldstone bosons that restore the charge-parity (CP) symmetry of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). As of today, the mainstream view is that the PQ mechanism offers the most plausible explanation on the puzzle of preserving CP symmetry in QCD. Moreover, several astrophysical models postulate that axions are likely components of Cold Dark Matter (DM). For example, a recent study argues that DM behaves as a strongly coupled superfluid phase consisting of axion-like particles with mass in the eV range or below [1]. Despite these attractive features, experimental searches have either ruled out some axion-based models or placed them under stringent exclusion limits. The object of this work is to show that the concept of spacetime equipped with minimal fractality (the so called minimal fractal manifold, MFM in short [2-5]) solves the CP problem of QCD without invoking the PQ paradigm. Rather than discarding axions as superfluous complications of the theory, we conclude that they may be seen as topological signature of the MFM, which we suggestively refer to as “Cantor Dust”. We tentatively find that the properties of “Cantor Dust” match current observations of DM on both cosmological and galactic scales. They also fall in line with the idea that Dark Energy arises from the dynamics of neutrino oscillations on cosmological scales [6].

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[758] **viXra:1603.0224 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-15 12:05:03*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

University of Cincinnati theoretical physicists are about to report on a controversial discovery that they say contradicts the work of researchers over the decades. [10] As our devices get ever smaller, so do the materials we use to make them. And that means you have to get really close to see them. Really close. A new electron microscope unveiled at the UK's national SuperSTEM facility images objects at an unprecedented resolution, right down to the individual atoms. [9] New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[757] **viXra:1603.0198 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-13 08:03:24*

**Authors:** Amir H. Fatollahi

**Comments:** 7 pages, 2 figs, submitted to EPL

The site reduction of SU(2) lattice gauge theory is employed to model the magnetic monopoles of SU(2) gauge theory. The site reduced theory is a matrix model on discrete world-line for the angle-valued coordinates of 0-branes. The Monte~Carlo numerical analysis
introduces the critical temperature $T_c\simeq 0.25~a^{-1}$ and the critical coupling $g_c\simeq 1.56$, above which the free energy does not exhibit a minimum leading to a phase transition.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[756] **viXra:1603.0182 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-11 16:14:21*

**Authors:** P.R. Silva

**Comments:** 08 pages, 14 references

The weak interaction due to different compositions of up and down quarks leads to the neutron-proton mass difference. The radius of the nucleon is fixed by the strong interaction. In a first calculation, the weak coupling is introduced by the hand. In a second one, both the mass difference and the weak coupling are determined.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[755] **viXra:1603.0119 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-08 01:38:37*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Conformal Dark Energy interacts with Josephson Junction BSCCO superconductors. Neutrino mass gives a cutoff at about 1.7 x 10^12 Hz. Using BSCCO crystals as edges, configurations such as 16-edge 5-dipyramid can be constructed in flat 3-dim Space to observe Dark Energy Curvature Distortion of 4-dim Spacetime.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[754] **viXra:1603.0116 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-07 13:59:05*

**Authors:** William L. Stubbs

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

The proton *F*_{2} structure function curve reveals the number and type of particles inside the proton. Deep inelastic scattering experiments from the late 1960s produced an *F*_{2} curve with no data for proton momentum fractions less than 0.06. However, the assumption the missing *F*_{2} values remain constant in that region provided the basis for the current proton model of quarks and gluons. Here, I produce a complete proton *F*_{2} curve by combining data generated in 2000 with the original 1960s data. It shows the aforementioned assumption was wrong, invalidating the basis for the quark-gluon proton. My analysis of the new curve indicates protons are made of nine particles that appear to be muons; each of which is made of approximately 204 particles that look like electrons.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[753] **viXra:1603.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-04 05:35:17*

**Authors:** Peter Hickman

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

G matrices are matrices with single entries 1,i. It is shown that linear sums of G matrices generate the SU(n), SO(n) generators. The Kronecka sums of the unitary representations of so(n) and su(n) results in an expression for the dimension of a SU(N) group. The spatial dimension n is found to be restricted to 3 dimensions. It is shown that the allowable unitary representations of so(3), are the spin spaces of spin ½,1. It is shown that there are 3 generations of chiral electroweak doublets of quarks and leptons. Exponentiation of differential operators acting on spinors results in the Lagrangians of Gravitation with Dark Energy and the Fermion sector of the Standard Model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[752] **viXra:1603.0044 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-04 00:00:07*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto

**Comments:** 14 Pages. This paper has been submitted to Prespacetime Journal. Your comments are welcome

In a series of papers, Bo Lehnert proposed a novel and revised version of Quantum Electrodynamics (RQED) based on Proca equations. However, as far as I know there is no paper yet for extending his RQED to fractal media and Cantor Sets. Drawing similarity between Proca and Maxwell equations, in the present paper I extend RQED further based on a recent paper published at Advances in High Energy Physics (AHEP) journal, where Yang Zhao et al. derived Maxwell equations on Cantor sets from the local fractional vector calculus. It can be shown that Maxwell equations on Cantor sets in a fractal bounded domain give efficiency and accuracy for describing the fractal electric and magnetic fields. I also extend RQED to anisotropic fractal media based on the work of Martin Ostoja-Starzewski. It is hoped that this paper may stimulate further investigations and experiments in particular for finding physics beyond Standard Model in fractal media. It may be expected to have some impact to fractal cosmology modeling too.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[751] **viXra:1603.0010 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-03-01 17:19:57*

**Authors:** P.R. Silva

**Comments:** 04 pages, 10 references

It is applied the Holographic Principle as a means to estimate the neutron decay time. A stationary condition for a free energy is also considered. The spherical surface at the boundary of this universe having the radius of the neutron is tiled with unit cells of area equal the Planck length times a length related to the weak interaction. It is also considered an energy difference tied to the electromagnetic interaction.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[750] **viXra:1602.0364 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-29 00:31:04*

**Authors:** Wei Lu

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

We propose a Clifford algebra based model, which includes local gauge symmetries SO(1,3)*SU_L(2)*U_R(1)*U(1)*SU(3). There are two sectors of bosonic fields as electroweak and Majorana bosons. The electroweak boson sector is composed of scalar Higgs, pseudoscalar Higgs, and antisymmetric tensor components. The Majorana boson sector is responsible for flavor mixing and neutrino Majorana masses. The LHC 750 GeV diphoton resonance is identified as a Majorana sector quadruon, which is the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson of $\bar{u}_Rs_R\bar{c}_Rd_R$ four-quark condensation. The quadruon results from spontaneous symmetry breaking of a flavor-related global U(1) symmetry involving right-handed up, down, charm, and strange quarks. In addition to $\bar{u}_Rs_R\bar{c}_Rd_R$, four-fermion condensations can also involve three other right-handed configurations $\bar{u}_R\tau_R\bar{\nu}_{\tau R}d_R, \bar{t}_Re_R\bar{\nu}_{eR}b_R$, and $\bar{\nu}_{\mu R}\tau_R\bar{\nu}_{\tau R}\mu_R$. Free from gauge interactions, these four-fermion condensations are potential dark matter candidates.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[749] **viXra:1602.0328 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-25 11:11:53*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Scientists on the DZero collaboration at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermilab have discovered a new particle—the latest member to be added to the exotic species of particle known as tetraquarks.
Exotic Mesons and Hadrons are high energy states of Quark oscillations. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[748] **viXra:1602.0322 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-25 09:53:43*

**Authors:** Amir H. Fatollahi

**Comments:** 11 Pages. Submitted to Phys. Lett. B

The site reduction of U(1) lattice gauge theory is used to model the dynamics of magnetic monopoles. The reduced lattice theory is the 1D plane-rotator model of the angle-valued coordinates on the discrete world-line. The energy spectrum is obtained exactly, with
a minimum in the ground-state at coupling $g_c=1.125$. For $g<g_c$ and $T<T_c=0.247/a$ the model exhibits two phases of real and
imaginary velocities, like particles facing a potential barrier. In the gauge theory side the real velocity phase corresponds to magnetic energy exceeding the electric energy, indicating the dominance of monopole density. For $g>g_c$ or $T>T_c$ the monopoles always dominate.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[747] **viXra:1602.0319 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-24 20:46:08*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 262 Pages.

This paper is an exposition of my view that the 240 E8 Root Vectors encode the basic structure of a Unified Theory of Fundamental Physics by forming a local classical Lagrangian for the Standard Model plus Gravity and Dark Energy. The Root Vectors know where they belong in the Lagrangian because of their place in the geometric structure of E8 and its related symmetric spaces such as: E8 / D8 = 128-dim (OxO)P2 ; E8 / E7 x SU(2) = 112-dim set of (QxO)P2 in (OxO)P2 ; D8 / D4 x D4 = 64-dim Gr(8,16) By embedding each E8 local classical Lagrangian into a Cl(16) Real Clifford Algebra and taking the completion of the union of all tensor products of all the Cl(16)s you get a generalized hyperfinite II1 von Neumann factor Algebraic Quantum Field Theory that is a realistic global quantum theory for our universe. The main body of the paper describes physical interpretations of the 240 Root Vectors with a rough qualitative description of how they are used in setting up calculations of force strengths, particle masses, Dark Energy : Dark Matter : Ordinary Matter ratios, Kobayashi-Maskawa parameters, etc. It is not intended to give full details of all calculations etc but is only intended to provide an expository overview of how the 240 E8 Root Vectors produce a realistic Unified Theory of Fundamental Physics. The main body of the paper (46 pages) concludes with a summary of the results of those calculations. Details of the calculations, some related experimental results, etc, are given in a more lengthy set of appendices (216 pages) that can be read and evaluated by anyone who might be interested.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[746] **viXra:1602.0305 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-24 05:02:16*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Bekenstein-Hawking entropy takes discrete values proportional to 2 to the power n in a holographic model. Horizon numbers n are calculated for specific black holes and for subatomic particles, which have been shown to be the analogues of black holes.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[745] **viXra:1602.0288 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-22 16:02:36*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The object of this (exceedingly) brief note is to point out that the recent discovery of gravitational waves may further constrain brane-worlds models and alternative theories of gravitation.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[612] **viXra:1605.0220 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-05-28 13:32:02*

**Authors:** Wu Sheng-Ping

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory.
Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the current from electromagnetic field is proposed.
and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles.
The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data.
The momentum-energy tensor of the electromagnetic field coming to the equation of general relativity is discussed. In the end that the conformation elementarily between this theory
and QED and weak theory is discussed compatible, except some bias in some analysis.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[611] **viXra:1605.0150 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-05-26 11:00:38*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Impedance is a measure of the amplitude and phase of opposition to the flow of energy. The notion of exact impedance quantization extends beyond quantum Hall to impedances corresponding to all potentials. Geometric Clifford algebra permits one to construct a geometric electron model, and to calculate quantized impedances associated with elementary particle spectrum observables (the S-matrix) from interactions between geometric objects of the model. Proton structure (and a little spin) are extracted from the dual character of scalar electric and pseudoscalar magnetic charges.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[610] **viXra:1605.0150 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-05-25 11:16:46*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Impedance is defined as a measure of the amplitude and phase of opposition to the flow of energy. The notion of exact impedance quantization can be extended beyond quantum Hall to impedances associated with all potentials. Geometric Clifford algebra permits one to construct a geometric electron model, and to calculate elementrary particle spectrum observables (the S-matrix) from interactions between geometric objects of the model. Proton structure (and a little spin) are extracted from the dual character of scalar electric and pseudoscalar magnetic charges.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[609] **viXra:1605.0150 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-05-21 10:38:33*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Impedance may be defined as a measure of the amplitude and phase of opposition to the
flow of energy. The notion of exact impedance quantization can be extended beyond quantum Hall to impedances associated with all potentials. The tools of geometric Clifford algebra permit one to construct a geometric electromagnetic model of the electron, and to calculate the impedance network of interactions between the constituents. Proton structure (and a little spin) are extracted from the
topological dual character of scalar electric and pseudoscalar magnetic charges.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[608] **viXra:1605.0150 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-05-19 11:04:44*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Impedance may be defined as a measure of the amplitude and phase of opposition to the
flow of energy. The notion of exact impedance quantization can be extended beyond quantum Hall to impedances associated with all potentials. The tools of geometric Clifford algebra permit one to construct a geometric electromagnetic model of the electron, and to calculate the impedance network of interactions between the constituents. Proton structure (and a little spin) are extracted from the
topological dual character of scalar electric and pseudoscalar magnetic charges.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[607] **viXra:1604.0296 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-04-25 20:12:44*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

We have recently shown that the Standard Model of particle physics (SM) may be configured as a multifractal set, with all field components acting as primary generators of this set. The goal of this brief note is to point out that a multifractal description of General Relativity (GR) is also possible, starting from the definition of the metric tensor and relativistic interval. This finding paves the way to an unforeseen homeomorphism between the structure of SM and classical gravity.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[606] **viXra:1604.0296 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-04-24 07:53:33*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

We have recently shown that the Standard Model of particle physics (SM) may be configured as a multifractal set, with all field components acting as primary generators of this set. The goal of this brief note is to point out that a multifractal description of General Relativity (GR) is also possible, starting from the definition of the metric tensor and relativistic interval. This finding paves the way to an unforeseen homeomorphism between the structure of SM and classical gravity.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[605] **viXra:1604.0296 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-04-23 17:39:19*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[604] **viXra:1604.0296 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-04-21 07:58:35*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[603] **viXra:1604.0276 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-04-20 14:38:16*

**Authors:** Peter Leifer

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

It is commonly understood that the Yang-Mills non-Abelian gauge fields is the natural generalization of the well known Abelian gauge group symmetry $U(1)$ in the electrodynamics. Taking into account that the problems of the localization and divergences in QFT are not solved in the framework of the Standard Model (SM), I proposed a different approach to the quantum theory of the single self-interacting electron. In connection with this theory, I would like attract the attention to the state-dependent gauge transformations $U(1) \times U(N-1)$ associated with the Jacobi vector fields of the geodesic variations in the complex projective Hilbert space $CP(N-1)$ of the unlocated quantum states (UQS's).

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[602] **viXra:1604.0213 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-04-19 07:13:21*

**Authors:** Imrich Krištof

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

This publication says about new phenomena of Modern Physics – Neutrinics – particles called neutrinos. In introduction author says about his personal experience with this elusive and mysterious, subatomic particles, where he for the first time registered about this “phantom” of physics. He summarizes publications of authors or scientists, which influenced him to his interests in particle and nuclear physics. Author describes briefly principles of detection of neutrinos in underwater neutrino detectors, like AMANDA / ICE CUBE, ANTARES, Baikal, NESTOR, DUMAND and NEMO. Author of this article fills this text by his own pictures or figures of neutrino detection, transmission and oscillation. He lays the
question like for example: “is neutrino unstable subatomic particle?” It's very difficult to integrate to the Standard Model. Author further put on description of neutrino transmission under leading physicist Daniel Stancil and the scientific group of physicists from State University of Northern Carolina, which in
Fermilab successfully realized teleporting of onefold message – word “neutrino” with help of particles neutrinos on the distance 1 kilometer. Next mention is about neutrino cross efficient section, mixing angles and mixing matrix (nut) of neutrinos. Neutrino cross section according author of this text fluctuates. Oscillations are here described with help of Pontecorvo, Maki, Nakagawi and Sakata matrix (nut). Extraordinary attention is devoted to Exciton theory. In the end could be said, that physicists are sure, that communication by intermediary neutrinos is
principly possible.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[601] **viXra:1604.0213 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-04-14 02:59:24*

**Authors:** Imrich Krištof

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

This publication says about new phenomena of Modern Physics – Neutrinics – particles called neutrinos.
In introduction author says about his personal experience with this elusive and mysterious, subatomic particles, where he for the first time registered about this “phantom” of physics. He summarizes publications of authors or scientists, which influenced him to his interests in particle and nuclear physics. Author describes briefly principles of detection of neutrinos in underwater neutrino detectors, like AMANDA / ICE CUBE, ANTARES, Baikal, NESTOR, DUMAND and NEMO. Author of this article fills this text by his own pictures or figures of neutrino detection, transmission and oscillation. He lays the
question like for example: “is neutrino unstable subatomic particle?” It's very difficult to integrate to the Standard Model. Author further put on description of neutrino transmission under leading physicist Daniel Stancil and the scientific group of physicists from State University of Northern Carolina, which in
Fermilab successfully realized teleporting of onefold message – word “neutrino” with help of particles neutrinos on the distance 1 kilometer. Next mention is about neutrino cross efficient section, mixing angles and mixing matrix (nut) of neutrinos. Neutrino cross section according author of this text fluctuates. Oscillations are here described with help of Pontecorvo, Maki, Nakagawi and Sakata matrix (nut). Extraordinary attention is devoted to Exciton theory. In the end could be said, that physicists are sure, that communication by intermediary neutrinos is principly possible.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[600] **viXra:1603.0255 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-03-23 00:30:40*

**Authors:** Eugene V. Stefanovich

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Recent experiments, performed by Prof. Pizzella's team with relativistic electron bunches, indicate that Coulomb field is rigidly attached to the charge's instantaneous position. Despite a widespread opinion, this fact does not violate causality in moving reference frames. To see that, one should apply the Wigner--Dirac theory of relativistic dynamics and take into account that the Lorentz boost generator depends on interaction.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[599] **viXra:1603.0247 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-03-18 09:19:32*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

Abstract
Derived from the Peccei-Quinn (PQ) mechanism, axions are hypothetical pseudo-Goldstone bosons that restore the charge-parity (CP) symmetry of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). As of today, the mainstream view is that the PQ mechanism offers the most plausible explanation on the puzzle of preserving CP symmetry in QCD. Moreover, several astrophysical models postulate that axions are likely components of Cold Dark Matter (DM). For example, a recent study argues that DM behaves as a strongly coupled superfluid phase consisting of axion-like particles with mass in the eV range or below [1]. Despite these attractive features, experimental searches have either ruled out some axion-based models or placed them under stringent exclusion limits. The object of this work is to show that the concept of spacetime equipped with minimal fractality (the so called minimal fractal manifold, MFM in short [2-5]) solves the CP problem of QCD without invoking the PQ paradigm. Rather than discarding axions as superfluous complications of the theory, we conclude that they may be seen as topological signature of the MFM, which we suggestively refer to as “Cantor Dust”. We tentatively find that the properties of “Cantor Dust” match current observations of DM on both cosmological and galactic scales. They also fall in line with the idea that Dark Energy arises from the dynamics of neutrino oscillations on cosmological scales [6].

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[598] **viXra:1602.0364 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-03-03 19:27:14*

**Authors:** Wei Lu

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

We propose a Clifford algebra based model, which includes local gauge symmetries SO(1,3)*SU_L(2)*U_R(1)*U(1)*SU(3). There are two sectors of bosonic fields as electroweak and Majorana bosons. The electroweak boson sector is composed of scalar Higgs, pseudoscalar Higgs, and antisymmetric tensor components. The Majorana boson sector is responsible for flavor mixing and neutrino Majorana masses. The LHC 750 GeV diphoton resonance is identified as a Majorana sector quadruon, which is the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson of $\bar{u}_Rs_R\bar{c}_Rd_R$ four-quark condensation. The quadruon results from spontaneous symmetry breaking of a flavor-related global U(1) symmetry involving right-handed up, down, charm, and strange quarks. In addition to $\bar{u}_Rs_R\bar{c}_Rd_R$, four-fermion condensations can also involve three other right-handed configurations $\bar{u}_R\tau_R\bar{\nu}_{\tau R}d_R$, $\bar{c}_R\mu_R\bar{\nu}_{\mu R}s_R$, and $\bar{\nu}_{\mu R}\tau_R\bar{\nu}_{\tau R}\mu_R$. Free from gauge interactions, these four-fermion condensations are potential dark matter candidates.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[597] **viXra:1602.0364 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-03-02 23:45:41*

**Authors:** Wei Lu

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

We propose a Clifford algebra based model, which includes local gauge symmetries SO(1,3)*SU_L(2)*U_R(1)*U(1)*SU(3). There are two sectors of bosonic fields as electroweak and Majorana bosons. The electroweak boson sector is composed of scalar Higgs, pseudoscalar Higgs, and antisymmetric tensor components. The Majorana boson sector is responsible for flavor mixing and neutrino Majorana masses. The LHC 750 GeV diphoton resonance is identified as a Majorana sector quadruon, which is the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson of $\bar{u}_Rs_R\bar{c}_Rd_R$ four-quark condensation. The quadruon results from spontaneous symmetry breaking of a flavor-related global U(1) symmetry involving right-handed up, down, charm, and strange quarks. In addition to $\bar{u}_Rs_R\bar{c}_Rd_R$, four-fermion condensations can also involve three other right-handed configurations $\bar{u}_R\tau_R\bar{\nu}_{\tau R}d_R$, $\bar{c}_R\mu_R\bar{\nu}_{\mu R}s_R$, and $\bar{\nu}_{\mu R}\tau_R\bar{\nu}_{\tau R}\mu_R$. Free from gauge interactions, these four-fermion condensations are potential dark matter candidates.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[596] **viXra:1602.0364 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-03-01 23:04:55*

**Authors:** Wei Lu

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

We propose a Clifford algebra based model, which includes local gauge symmetries SO(1,3)*SU_L(2)*U_R(1)*U(1)*SU(3). There are two sectors of bosonic fields as electroweak and Majorana bosons. The electroweak boson sector is composed of scalar Higgs, pseudoscalar Higgs, and antisymmetric tensor components. The Majorana boson sector is responsible for flavor mixing and neutrino Majorana masses. The LHC 750 GeV diphoton resonance is identified as a Majorana sector quadruon, which is the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson of $\bar{u}_Rs_R\bar{c}_Rd_R$ four-quark condensation. The quadruon results from spontaneous symmetry breaking of a flavor-related global U(1) symmetry involving right-handed up, down, charm, and strange quarks. In addition to $\bar{u}_Rs_R\bar{c}_Rd_R$, four-fermion condensations can also involve three other right-handed configurations $\bar{u}_R\tau_R\bar{\nu}_{\tau R}d_R$, $\bar{c}_R\mu_R\bar{\nu}_{\mu R}s_R$, and $\bar{\nu}_{\mu R}\tau_R\bar{\nu}_{\tau R}\mu_R$. Free from gauge interactions, these four-fermion condensations are potential dark matter candidates.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[595] **viXra:1602.0322 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-05-08 07:15:12*

**Authors:** Amir H. Fatollahi

**Comments:** 12 Pages. The interpretation of result is corrected and is based on first order phase transition.

The site reduction of U(1) lattice gauge theory is used to model the 0-branes in the dual theory. The reduced theory is the 1D plane-rotator model of the angle-valued coordinates on discrete world-line. The energy spectrum is obtained exactly via the transfer-matrix method, with a minimum in the lowest energy as a direct consequence of compact nature of coordinates. Below the critical coupling $g_c=1.125$ and temperature $T_c=0.335$ the system undergoes a first order phase transition between coexistent phases with lower and higher gauge couplings. The possible relation between the model and the proposed role for magnetic monopoles in confinement mechanism based on dual Meissner effect is pointed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[594] **viXra:1602.0288 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-02-28 06:41:28*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The object of this (exceedingly) brief note is to point out that the recent discovery of gravitational waves may further constrain brane-worlds models and alternative theories of gravitation.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[593] **viXra:1602.0288 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-02-23 10:16:26*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The object of this (exceedingly) brief note is to point out that the recent discovery of gravitational waves may further constrain brane-worlds models and alternative theories of gravitation.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[592] **viXra:1602.0288 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-02-23 07:42:39*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[591] **viXra:1602.0271 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-02-25 22:42:15*

**Authors:** Wei Lu

**Comments:** 26 Pages.

We propose a Clifford algebra based model, which includes local gauge symmetries SO(1,3)*SU_L(2)*U_R(1)*U(1)*SU(3). There are two sectors of bosonic fields as electroweak and Majorana bosons. The electroweak boson sector is composed of scalar Higgs, pseudoscalar Higgs, and antisymmetric tensor components. The Majorana boson sector is responsible for flavor mixing and neutrino Majorana masses. The LHC 750 GeV diphoton resonance is explained by a Majorana sector quadruon, which is the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson of uscd four-quark condensation. The quadruon results from spontaneous symmetry breaking of a family-related global U(1) symmetry involving up, down, charm, and strange quarks. Being standard model singlets, four-fermion condensations are potential dark matter candidates.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[590] **viXra:1602.0271 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-02-23 06:01:26*

**Authors:** Wei Lu

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

We propose a Clifford algebra based model, which includes local gauge symmetries SO(1,3)*SU_L(2)*U_R(1)*U(1)*SU(3). There are two sectors of bosonic fields as Majorana and electroweak bosons. The Majorana boson sector is responsible for flavor mixing and neutrino Majorana masses. The electroweak boson sector is composed of scalar Higgs, pseudoscalar Higgs, and antisymmetric tensor components. The LHC 750 GeV diphoton resonance is explained by the flavon, which is the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson of uscd four-quark condensation. The flavon results from spontaneous symmetry breaking of a global phase symmetry involving first and second generation quarks. Being a standard model singlet, the four-fermion condensation is a potential dark matter candidate.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics