High Energy Particle Physics

Previous months:
2007 - 0702(7) - 0703(6) - 0704(2) - 0706(4) - 0708(1) - 0710(1) - 0712(1)
2008 - 0802(2) - 0803(1) - 0809(1) - 0810(1) - 0811(1) - 0812(1)
2009 - 0904(1) - 0907(8) - 0908(5) - 0909(4) - 0910(7) - 0911(10) - 0912(5)
2010 - 1001(4) - 1002(3) - 1003(13) - 1004(4) - 1005(4) - 1006(2) - 1007(3) - 1008(7) - 1009(6) - 1010(5) - 1011(5) - 1012(8)
2011 - 1102(5) - 1103(15) - 1104(4) - 1105(3) - 1106(2) - 1107(3) - 1108(6) - 1109(8) - 1110(9) - 1111(11) - 1112(5)
2012 - 1201(13) - 1202(6) - 1203(7) - 1204(5) - 1205(4) - 1206(8) - 1207(6) - 1208(14) - 1209(4) - 1210(13) - 1211(6) - 1212(14)
2013 - 1301(12) - 1302(15) - 1303(7) - 1304(7) - 1305(9) - 1306(10) - 1307(11) - 1308(11) - 1309(16) - 1310(12) - 1311(7) - 1312(13)
2014 - 1401(13) - 1402(18) - 1403(10) - 1404(20) - 1405(15) - 1406(14) - 1407(5) - 1408(15) - 1409(5) - 1410(12) - 1411(11) - 1412(15)
2015 - 1501(7) - 1502(12) - 1503(13) - 1504(11) - 1505(21) - 1506(5) - 1507(24) - 1508(21) - 1509(11) - 1510(5) - 1511(20) - 1512(7)
2016 - 1601(17) - 1602(15) - 1603(13) - 1604(13) - 1605(11) - 1606(17) - 1607(17) - 1608(21) - 1609(19) - 1610(24) - 1611(18) - 1612(15)
2017 - 1701(22) - 1702(10) - 1703(13) - 1704(21) - 1705(17) - 1706(16) - 1707(15) - 1708(17) - 1709(17) - 1710(13) - 1711(5) - 1712(18)
2018 - 1801(12) - 1802(20) - 1803(18) - 1804(7) - 1805(23) - 1806(30) - 1807(24) - 1808(20) - 1809(26) - 1810(15) - 1811(22) - 1812(10)
2019 - 1901(25) - 1902(21) - 1903(22)

Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1390] viXra:1903.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-25 00:44:25

Electron Theory

Authors: Wu ShengPing
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1389] viXra:1903.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 11:12:00

Why There's More Matter than Antimatter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

This is arguably the most profound question there is and one that may seem completely outside the scope of particle physics. But our new experiment at CERN's Large Hadron Collider has taken us a step closer to figuring it out. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27] Positronium atoms, which consist of an electron and a positron, are one type of antimatter atoms being considered to test whether antimatter falls at the same rate as matter in Earth's gravitational field. [26]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1388] viXra:1903.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 06:39:21

ATLAS Finds 3 Massive Vector Bosons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

The ATLAS Experiment at CERN has just released evidence for the simultaneous production of three W or Z bosons in proton–proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1387] viXra:1903.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 12:12:24

The Ballet of Alice

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

ALICE's inner tracker is a 1.5-metre-long tube, 1 metre in diameter. It will be replaced with a new, much more precise detector closer to the collision point, formed of seven pixel layers and containing a total of 12.5 billion pixels. [30] On Wednesday, 25 July, for the very first time, operators injected not just atomic nuclei but lead "atoms" containing a single electron into the LHC. [29] The case for an ambitious new particle accelerator to be built in the United States has just gotten a major boost.[27] Physics textbooks might have to be updated now that an international research team has found evidence of an unexpected transition in the structure of atomic nuclei. [26] The group led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL and international colleagues have used ultrafast transmission electron microscopy to take attosecond energy-momentum resolved snapshots (1 attosecond = 10-18 or quintillionths of a second) of a free-electron wave function. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1386] viXra:1903.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 08:36:19

Muon Detector Measure Electric Potential

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

A team of researchers from several institutions in India and Japan has found that it is possible to use a muon detector to measure electric potential in thunderstorms. [32] Researchers at Caltech have designed a way to levitate and propel objects using only light, by creating specific nanoscale patterning on the objects' surfaces. [31] Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that could pave the way for the next generation of optical tweezers. [30] To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1385] viXra:1903.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 17:55:13

Science, Art, and Music

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 46 Pages.

In my view: Science = Art = Music: Science is explained by a Theory of Everything (TOE) using Real Clifford Algebra Cl(16) The Pinnacle of Human Art is Marcel Duchamp's Large Glass which (when combined with its Mirror image) corresponds in detail with Cl(16) Physics TOE. The Pinnacle of Human Music is Beethoven's Grosse Fugue which corresponds in detail with Cl(16) TOE. Cl(16) emerged from a Quantum Fluctuation in a Void in our Parent Universe by David Finkelstein's Clifford Iteration Process: Cl(Void) = Clifford Algebra of Void = 0 Cl(0) = 2^0 dimensions = 1 Cl(1) = 2^1 = 2 Cl(2) = 2^2 = 4 Cl(4) = 2^4 = 16 Cl(16) = 2^16 = 65,536 = tensor product Cl(8)xCl(8) = 256x256 Cl(16) has 16 Vectors = Lie Ball = Spin(10) / Spin(8) x U(1) Cl(16) has 120 BiVectors = D8 subalagebra of E8 Cl(16) has 128 half-Spinors ( 1 0-Vector + 126 8-Vectors + 1 16-Vector ) 120+128 = 248 = E8 Cl(16) has 560 TriVectors = 10 copies of Fr3(O) 56-dim Fr3(O) has 2 copies of 27-dim J3(O) The other 65,536-16-120-128-560 = 64,712 elements of Cl(16) are available to carry information in processes such as Quantum Consciousness.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1384] viXra:1903.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 05:35:00

Ghostly Particles, New Forces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory officially broke ground March 15 on a major new particle accelerator project that will power cutting-edge physics experiments for many decades to come. [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1383] viXra:1903.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-16 21:31:22

On the Quark Model Based on Virtual Spacetime and the Origin of Fractional Charge

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 18 Pages. Including Chinese Version

The quark model in the standard model is belong to real spacetime, so fractional charge is required. Since the quark model has obtained a lot of experimental support, although the fractional charge has not been detected yet, it is still reasonable. If we consider it from the perspective of the existence of virtual spacetime, we can better explain why the quark has a fractional charge. This paper assumes that each particle in real spacetime has a corresponding virtual spacetime particle in the virtual spacetime. The real spacetime proton corresponds to a magnetic monopole in the virtual spacetime, while the real spacetime three-generation six leptons corresponds to the corresponding three generations of six particles in the virtual spacetime. In addition to photons and the like, plus the respective anti-particles, there are 14 elementary particles in the virtual spacetime, which is basically consistent with the number of elementary particles in real spacetime. According to the requirements of virtual spacetime physics, the magnetic field and the electric field are exactly the same. Therefore, in the virtual spacetime reference system, the magnetic field of the magnetic monopole corresponds to the electric field of the proton. Starting from the symmetry requirement of virtual and real spacetime, the magnetic charge of the virtual spacetime magnetic monopole is also quantized. That is, the six particles’ magnetic charges of virtual spacetime corresponding to the real spacetime three-generation leptons are also quantized, they take integers. Then, through the appropriate formula, 14 particles of virtual spacetime are combined according to certain requirements, and all six quarks can be obtained. The charge, isospin, lepton number, and baryon number of each quark can be determined according to the formula.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1382] viXra:1903.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 07:47:18

Antiproton Decelerator as Antimatter Factory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27] Positronium atoms, which consist of an electron and a positron, are one type of antimatter atoms being considered to test whether antimatter falls at the same rate as matter in Earth's gravitational field. [26] Two new experiments at CERN, ALPHA-g and GBAR, have now started their journey towards answering this question. [25]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1381] viXra:1903.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 04:12:13

Complexity in Proton Spin Puzzle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 86 Pages.

New data from the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) add detail—and complexity—to an intriguing puzzle that scientists have been seeking to solve: how the building blocks that make up a proton contribute to its spin. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission—and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP) – the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1380] viXra:1903.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 11:31:16

ATLAS Experiment Results

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27] Positronium atoms, which consist of an electron and a positron, are one type of antimatter atoms being considered to test whether antimatter falls at the same rate as matter in Earth's gravitational field. [26]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1379] viXra:1903.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 11:39:27

About Beta Decay

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages

Contemporary physics states that an electron neutrino takes part in all events of beta decay. Here we show that electron-positron pairs participate in all beta decay events. For this reason, the hypothesis of electron neutrino presence is not necessary in β¯, β+ and electron capture reactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1378] viXra:1903.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 10:49:22

Standard Model Fermions and Higgs Scalar Field from PCCR Operator Algebra

Authors: Peter Hickman
Comments: 4 Pages.

A fundamental theory of fermions is proposed by constructing the Dirac gamma matrices using pCCR operators. The result is the fermions of the Standard Model, 3 generations of leptons and quarks and the chiral nature of su(2) is revealed. In addition the pCCR operators generates a Higgs complex scalar doublet and that space-time is found to be 4d.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1377] viXra:1903.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 01:10:44

The Strange Attractor Structure of Turbulence and Effective Field Theories

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 5 Pages.

Recent work has conjectured that, under general boundary conditions, non-equilibrium Renormalization Group flows are likely to end up on strange attractors. If this conjecture is true, effective field theories must necessarily reflect the properties of these attractors. We start from the observation that, seemingly disparate concepts such as the Berry phase, gauge potentials and the curvature tensor of General Relativity (GR), share a common geometric foundation. Developing further, we posit that the dynamics of gauge and gravitational fields may be derived from the global attributes of strange attractors. The motivation behind this ansatz is that the Navier-Stokes equations bridge the gap between fluid turbulence, on the one hand, and the mathematics of GR and gauge theory, on the other.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1376] viXra:1903.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 08:43:18

A Model of Lepton and Quark Structure

Authors: Risto Raitio
Comments: 5 Pages. This is a typo corrected manuscript reconstruction (February 2018), published as Physica Scripta, Vol. 22, 197-198, 1980.

We propose a model of particles with two very massive fundamental constituents, maxons. One of them is a fractionally charged color triplet and the other is neutral color singlet. Leptons, quarks and the weak bosons are quasiparticles in the system of interacting maxons. Some implications of the model are discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1375] viXra:1903.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-09 08:47:43

No-Show Sterile Neutrinos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Analysis of data from the MINOS+ experiment reveals no evidence for oscillations involving sterile neutrinos. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector, they were statistically most likely to be in a state of superposition, with no definite flavor or identity. [9] A new study reveals that neutrinos produced in the core of a supernova are highly localised compared to neutrinos from all other known sources. This result stems from a fresh estimate for an entity characterising these neutrinos, known as wave packets, which provide information on both their position and their momentum. [8] It could all have been so different. When matter first formed in the universe, our current theories suggest that it should have been accompanied by an equal amount of antimatter-a conclusion we know must be wrong, because we wouldn't be here if it were true. Now the latest results from a pair of experiments designed to study the behaviour of neutrinos-particles that barely interact with the rest of the universe-could mean we're starting to understand why. [7] In 2012, a tiny flash of light was detected deep beneath the Antarctic ice. A burst of neutrinos was responsible, and the flash of light was their calling card. It might not sound momentous, but the flash could give us tantalising insights into one of the most energetic objects in the distant universe. The light was triggered by the universe's most elusive particles when they made contact with a remarkable detector, appropriately called IceCube, which was built for the very purpose of capturing rare events such as this. [6] Neutrinos and their weird subatomic ways could help us understand highenergy particles, exploding stars and the origins of matter itself. [5]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1374] viXra:1903.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-08 04:11:17

A New Study on Unification of Electromagnetic Field and Gravitational Field

Authors: Ho Dong Jo, Chol Song Kim
Comments: 60 Pages.

We specified the difficulties of Maxwell’s electromagnetic theory and Einstein’s gravitational theory in detail, established a new unified theory of field including consistent electromagnetic theory and gravitational theory on the basis of new starting postulates, and applied these theoretical methods to quantum electrodynamics. We accepted a new geometrical space in which metric tensor and all main physical functions becomes implicit function, called “KR space” conforming to our starting postulates, and normalization of implicit functions in order to connect all physical functions defined in this space with real world, experimental measures. As a result, we naturally unraveled problem of radiation reaction, a historical difficult problem of Maxwell-Lorentz electromagnetic theory, built new quantum electrodynamics without renormalization procedure and also predicted some new theoretical consequences which could not find in traditional theories.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1373] viXra:1903.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 07:40:52

Positronium Atoms Antimatter Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Positronium atoms, which consist of an electron and a positron, are one type of antimatter atoms being considered to test whether antimatter falls at the same rate as matter in Earth's gravitational field. [26] Two new experiments at CERN, ALPHA-g and GBAR, have now started their journey towards answering this question. [25]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1372] viXra:1903.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 06:38:43

Siaii Accelerator K.h.y.b.e.r Test Successful

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 16.7 Pages.

SIAII labs has confirmed it's K.H.Y.B.E.R laser accelerator has yielded positive results with the successful creation of a controlled and concentrated Electronuclear K.I phaser. What could this mean for the future of experimental physics at SIAII, and physics in general? And what could the applications be?
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1371] viXra:1903.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 03:03:18

CERN Hunt for Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Europe's physics lab CERN on Tuesday said it was planning a new experiment to look for particles associated with dark matter which is believed to make up some 27 percent of the universe. [30] In a recent study, the CMS collaboration describes how it has sifted through data from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to try and spot dark quarks. [29]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1370] viXra:1903.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-02 06:48:17

LHC Computing Limits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

During this run, from 2015 to 2018, LHC experiments produced unprecedented volumes of data with the machine's performance exceeding all expectations. [31] The proposal envisages a new 100km circumference tunnel that would be bored through the Earth, encircling the city of Geneva and the surrounding countryside. [30] On Wednesday, 25 July, for the very first time, operators injected not just atomic nuclei but lead "atoms" containing a single electron into the LHC. [29]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1369] viXra:1903.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 11:22:47

Trap for Positrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

For the first time, scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (IPP) have succeeded in losslessly guiding positrons, the antiparticles of electrons, into a magnetic field trap. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1368] viXra:1902.0494 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-28 12:08:14

The Origin of the Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic-Ray Particles

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this paper, we show that the extremely-high energies of some cosmic-ray particles can be related to the strong increase of their gravitational masses when they have been generated.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1367] viXra:1902.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-28 19:16:17

Comparison of Particle Model Based on Virtual Spacetime and Quark Model and the Discussion of Charged Higgs Bosons

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 27 Pages. 3 Figure; 1 Table; Including Chinese Version

This paper explores why the particle model based on virtual spacetime is consistent with the results of the quark model. The biggest problem with the quark model is why the quark has a fractional charge, but it cannot be detected. From the condition of the Dirac charge quantization, the fractional charge does not satisfy the charge quantization condition, so it is impossible to observe it in real spacetime. Otherwise we will be able to detect the magnetic monopole. However, quark's fractional charge constructs different baryon structures and is supported by strong experimental evidence. This shows that the quark's fractional charge is reasonable. At least there is strong indirect support. Therefore, any newly created particle model should at least have a quark model as a subset. It can be seen from the analysis of this paper that the virtual spacetime particle model contains the quark model and can predict the all predicted results of quark models. But the virtual spacetime particle model has a larger range and can predict new particles that the quark model cannot predict. By analyzing the meson model in the virtual spacetime particle model, we find that in addition to the currently discovered Higgs boson, there are two Higgs bosons with positive and negative charges in nature. The Bosons are positive and negative particles, and their energy range is about 102GeV or at the range of 110~140GeV, which should be found on LHC and other colliders.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1366] viXra:1902.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-27 13:05:13

A Possibility of CPT Violation in the Standard Model

Authors: S.A. Larin
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is shown that there is a possibility of violation of CPT symmetry in the Standard Model which does not contradict to the famous CPT theorem. To check this possibility experimentally it is necessary to increase the precision of measurements of the proton and antiproton mass difference by an order of magnitude.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1365] viXra:1902.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 08:26:20

How Newton's Original Formulae May Indeed Propose Causal Violtions of Future Space

Authors: Soerivhe Iriene
Comments: 31 Pages.

In http://vixra.org/abs/1812.0412 it was proposed by Eason that the Axes hypotehesis that was proposed by the Dr Axes in 1953, extending the original gdeanken expiriment by Golholofornes in 1931, could lead to hypertachyonic motion. He proposed that this result could imply forward (directoed) motion in time. This conclusion was wrong, but the key idea was there. Herw we correct the result.

In the Eason paper hypertachyonic motion was contructed for an n-dimensional field with metric that was negatively curved with general torsion field terms. This geormtry was intersting but not real life of 4d FRLW space. The key was that the newly defined Stress-Energy tensor has had Kaehler-extended terms (in n-dimensions). We have know since Kaluza and Klein how to we may construct 4d gauge fields from hyperdimensional space (with hyperdimensional fields) by a process called "compactification". This same can be done, but obviously we will also see extra fields not seen in real. Here we present a novel idea that the oroginal paper did not present: that if the terms are first U-dalitied to an uplifted space, and we manually enforce a gauge condition: \int \Lambda_\mu F^\mu d\z (where z is the uplift radial directioin) then a complete description of our real 4d world physics can be obtained. This condition is interprested as a condition that says that certain causal loops of physical process are integrated out (essentially, not allowed), so we can terms-by-terms cancel the supefluous interactions and retrieve our real 4d world. The restul is that we have a 4d space with modified masses (hypermasses) and light-like interactions of gravity and electyricy and magnetism; but certain forward paths in the space-like regions of light cone are pemisible (in the sense that the expectation value of space-like terms is non-zero).

For a long time it was not understood how closed time-like loops could be allowed by Gerneral Relativiity. In this paper is it showed how this condtition can be enforced naturally and the result is that only forward directed loops are in fact possible, but that general closed time-like violating causal loops are suppressed. This is a major result of the theorem. The implications of this result are far-reaching. For example, there are possible consquences for quantum computer since forward Bell relations are required to construct the entangled quibit states. Another consequence is for Grand Unified Theorys (GUT), since the model constructed seemingly unifies the mecahnism for gravity with that for electromagnetism, the need for extended objects (string theory) or supersymmetrys (SUSY), which so far have null restult of all collider experiments, including, famously, at LHC. Let me repeat: this may possibly be a GUT theory without supersummetry, which so far has not be found even when minimal SUSY (so called MSSM) should have been see. The only logical conclustion of this paper is that indeed SUSY should not be found because it is not needed for a GUT: the LHC has found precisely the correct result. More work will be done to settle remaining open questions: chiral anomalies of the theory, horizon problem, inflation mechanism, the precise details of the GUT (along with testable predictions), off-shell virtual interactions and fadeev-popov ghost field renormalization, boundary flows at high-energy and gravity loop corrections, holographic correlations at strong coupling, consistency of Bell inequalities etc. These must all be checked for the theory to be declared correct, but it has expected that some at least may be confirmed if not all in the upcoming work.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1364] viXra:1902.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 16:54:07

Multifractal Foundation of Effective Field Theory

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 3 Pages. First draft, abstract and plan of work only.

It was recently shown that, regardless of initial conditions, the long-run of multi-variable Renormalization Group flows is prone to end up on strange attractors. In this context, multifractals (MF) become suitable means for the characterization of effective field theories, in particular the Standard Model of particle physics (SM). It is known that typical MF’s are studied using concepts such as singularity spectrum and Rényi entropy. Exploiting the definition of canonical mass dimension, here we show that the separation of gauge and the Higgs bosons from fermions stems from the underlying geometry of the singularity spectrum. Our analysis supports the view that, near the electroweak scale, SM emerges as topological condensate of multifractal dimensions and that Dark Matter is a manifestation of Cantor Dust.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1363] viXra:1902.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-23 17:35:29

Integrable Neural Networks: Paradigm Shift

Authors: Eddie Witten Jr
Comments: 69 Pages.

We study integrable deformations of convolutional neural networks. We obtain the non-perturbative S-matrix of QCD and prove the Riemann hypothesis.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1362] viXra:1902.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-22 08:54:42

Laser-Driven Particle Accelerator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Researchers at LMU have built the first-ever laser-driven particle accelerator that can generate pairs of electron beams with different energies. [43] These measurements provide a rich source of information on the QCD processes that bind heavy quarks into hadrons. For more information about the results visit the CMS webpage. [42] Experiments in astrophysics and nuclear and particle physics are crucial to analyse how the universe works. [41]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1361] viXra:1902.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-21 10:48:17

Neutron Decay and Neutrino Problem

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages

In contemporary physics, it is assumed that the decay of neutrons is a proof of electron neutrino existence. The article has shown that in this case a mass defect of a proton may have a different cause, i.e., a negative mass of a positron. The hypothesis of an electron neutrino is not necessary.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1360] viXra:1902.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-19 19:10:16

Book Proface and Catalog::Foundations of Virtual Spacetime Physics

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 8 Pages. 1 Figure

This book introduces the theory of virtual spacetime physics. Starting from the establishment of Maxwell equations based on virtual spacetime, the new Maxwell equations are solved step by step. And obtained a series of new and meaningful results. These results are consistent with the existing theories of quantum mechanics, quantum field theory and general relativity. Although the virtual spacetime is added, the whole theory becomes more concise. Some phenomena and problems that cannot be explained by old theories can be easily solved, and the physical picture is clearer. And just like the introduction of imaginary Numbers in mathematics, it can make some of the seemingly complicated problems in elementary mathematics very simple. The reader only needs to have the elementary knowledge of general university higher mathematics to be able to read this book, then deeply understands the current physics development the most cutting edge knowledge.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1359] viXra:1902.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-15 08:29:39

Largest-Ever LHC Data Sample

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

These measurements provide a rich source of information on the QCD processes that bind heavy quarks into hadrons. For more information about the results visit the CMS webpage. [42] Experiments in astrophysics and nuclear and particle physics are crucial to analyse how the universe works. [41] A team of researchers at the University of Chicago has developed a circuit platform for the exploration of quantum matter made of strongly interacting microwave photons. [40]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1358] viXra:1902.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-16 03:38:42

Inverse Electric-Nuclear Field

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 9 Pages.

The electrically charged particles cause electrical induction of positive and negative units in the dynamic space, with result inverse electric fields are creating. So, the nuclear force is interpreted as an electric force, 100 times stronger than the maximum electric force of the outer electric field that extends beyond the potential barrier. Moreover, the braking radiation emitted from rapidly moving electrons as they are passing close to the nucleus is confirmed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1357] viXra:1902.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-13 22:21:49

Supersymmetry: Natural, Beautiful, and Realistic

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 1 Page.

Ethan Siegel (Forbes 12 Feb 2019) says "... Supersymmetry may be the Greatest Failed Prediction in Particle Physics History ...". Peter Woit (10 Feb 2019 blog post and comments thereon) says "... I [Woit] don't have a well-motivated BSM [Beyond Standard Model] ... Neither does anyone else ...". What Siegel and Woit say is the Consensus View of Physicists and their Collaborations and Institutions. It is also WRONG! There exists a Natural, Beautiful Supersymmetric Physics Model that is Realistic = Consistent with Experimental Resuits and Observations. Why do Siegel, Woit, and the Consensus ignore it ? It is only published on my web site http://www.valdostamuseum.com/hamsmith/ and the viXra archive http://vixra.org/author/frank_dodd_tony_smith_jr because Consensus Physics has Blacklisted me. How does it work ? At Planck Energies it is an Octonionic model based on the Real Clifford Algebra Cl(16) with 8-dimensional Spacetime and 28 Spin(8) Gauge Bosons and 28 Ghosts and 8 Fundamental Fermion Particles and 8 Antiparticles (one generation). In the Octonionic Lagrangian each of the 28 Gauge bosons and 28 Ghosts carry 1 dimension and each of the 8+8 Fermions carry 7/2 dimensions so the 28+28 = 56 Bosonic terms are SUperSYmmetric with the (8+8) x 7/2 = 56 Fermionic terms.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1356] viXra:1902.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 07:36:30

An Alternative Model for the Inner Structure of a Proton (And an Explanation of the Nature of Matter)

Authors: Harald Iglseder
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: In this article I want to describe a model for the inner structure of a proton, that is an alternative to the quark-model and yet consistent with it. Furthermore, this model explains the nature of matter in a very simple way and gives an answer to the question, why the amount of matter and antimatter is not the same within the universe.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1355] viXra:1902.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-09 08:42:54

“Resemblance of Neutrinos with Different Quantum–Oscillating Flavor and Mass“

Authors: Imrich Krištof
Comments: 10 Pages.

This presented tech–science paper is focused on main themes of evolution and history of research of neutrinos – elusive elementary particles. The highlights is dedicated to the scheme of born and reborn and cascade decay hierarchic high energy particles, called hyperons (lambda, sigma, xi, epsilon, omega) and main position particles called mezons (mion, pion, kaon, rhó meson, éta meson, phí meson, omega meson, J/Ψ (J-Psí meson), h1 meson, a0-meson f1, f2 meson). This Sun or starshowers fall in energetic clusters and clouds on each cm-2, of Earth’s surface (φ average flux of neutrinos 10 billions neutrinos on cm2/sec. (1010 cm-2.s-1) for Eν > 7 MeV ->~ 106 cm-2.s-1). Cross section of neutrinos is very small σνN = 10-42 m2 – 10-48 m2 = 10-19 barn, 1 barn is an unit of cross section. In the Ending part of starshowers the photons, phonons and electron, mion, and tauon are detected in photomultipliers and scintillators, like a Cherenkov radiation – hyperrelativistic electrons, photons and mions and tauons, visually Fig. 4 Neutrino Detector SUDBURY(SNO) Canada. The main part of paper is focused on NEUTRINO FLAVOR AND MASS. According Pauli and Fermi–Dirac and Bose–Einstein Statistical Laws each particle is conjugated with its own antiparticles: electron (e-) and positron (e+), electron neutrino (νe) and electron antineutrino (̅), quark beauty / bottom (b) and antiquark beauty / bottom (̅). In the text is not forget the facts about 11 NOVEMBER 1974 – particles J/Ψ REVOLUTION MESONS J/Ψ consist of beauty quark and beauty antiquark. The Pioneer work of Clyde L. Cowan, Jr. and Frederick Reines in Hanford and Savannah River Plant lead to fundamental discovery and detection of neutrinos. On Fig. 7 is described Cowan–Reines Neutrino Experiment. In the End of this text is situation of Neutrinos and The Standard Model of particles. The goal of this work is clarified the evolution and theoretical background of elementary particles – neutrinos.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1354] viXra:1902.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-07 13:02:02

Top-Level Research in Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Experiments in astrophysics and nuclear and particle physics are crucial to analyse how the universe works. [41] A team of researchers at the University of Chicago has developed a circuit platform for the exploration of quantum matter made of strongly interacting microwave photons. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1353] viXra:1902.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-07 04:02:45

How Certain Nuclei Split

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have extended an existing mathematical model so that it can be used to more accurately predict the products of fission reactions. [30] The nuclear force that holds protons and neutrons together in the center of atoms has a non-central component—the tensor force, which depends on the spin and relative position of the interacting particles. [29] Physicists at the TU Darmstadt and their collaboration partners have performed laser spectroscopy on cadmium isotopes to confirm an improved model of the atomic nucleus. [28] Protons in neutron-rich nuclei have a higher average energy than previously thought, according to a new analysis of electron scattering data that was first collected in 2004. [27]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1352] viXra:1902.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 21:53:54

A Scientifically Irrefutable Foundation to Physics (Draft 3)

Authors: Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay
Comments: 89 Pages.

The aim of this work is, first, to set the basis for a formal model of science, then, it is to show that the laws of physics are its theorems. Necessarily, all formal theories that are the product of science are theorems of our model. As this includes physics, our model is, therefore, its logical foundation. In the first part of the paper we present and investigate a number of desiderata regarding the formal practice of science including definitions and properties previously anticipated in the literature. Then, we present a formal model of science meeting these criteria. We define the domain of the theory of everything in physics as the set of all statements decidable by the practice of science in nature. For each named concept of the previous sentence (theory, physics, statement, decidable, practice of science and nature), we produce a suitable mathematical definition. The central thesis of this work is to show that the laws of physics are a theorem of these definitions; ergo, the laws of physics are formal theorems of science. With this definition, the difficulty of producing a sound axiomatic basis for the domain is reduced to formalizing the practice of science within mathematics and the laws of physics are simply theorems provable in it. Main result: The ideal practice of science consists of constructing a message (in the sense of Shannon's theory of information) of experiments (the elements of the message) constrained by the requirement that its elements are verifiable (provable) within some set of logical resources (the statistical priors of the message). In this context, we define the priors as Nature and we qualify the message as scientific. Nature is thus a general proof checker for experiments, and the World is understood by constructing a maximally informative scientific message. Central thesis: We show that the equation of state regarding the construction of a scientific message bounds nature (the priors) to a cosmology entirely emergent from the entropy of the scientific message. We argue that our model is an axiomatic realization of the (later) participatory universe envisioned by John Archibald Wheeler (the aphorism "it from bit"), in which the "it" and its properties are formally derived from the "bit" which we define as (and only as) the information obtained by practice of science. This derivation of the laws of physics is based only on the practice of science in nature and is thus scientifically irrefutable.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1351] viXra:1902.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 11:10:36

Fractional Renormalization Group and Physics Beyond the Standard Model

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 3 Pages. First draft, abstract and plan of work only.

A key premise of perturbative Renormalization Group (PRG) equations is that all flows connecting the ultraviolet (UV) and the infrared (IR) sectors of field theory are free from long-range spatial or memory effects. Here we explore a non-equilibrium setting where long-range coupling between consecutive flow states is enabled through the use of fractional operators. We tentatively find that this approach a) opens the door for a non-perturbative removal of the Landau pole, b) provides unforeseen insights into the g-2 and flavor anomalies of the Standard Model (SM), c) hints that the conventional tools of PRG and effective field theory are unable to fully uncover phenomena lying beyond the SM scale.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1350] viXra:1902.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 13:29:23

The Nuclear Weak Coupling Constant

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Here, applying the theory of stars to the Einstein-spacetime condensates which are responsible for the weak interactions, from the experimental masses of the three constituents of atoms, we calculated the nuclear weak coupling constant with high accuracy: 0.68584.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1349] viXra:1902.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-03 12:37:33

The Origin of the Experimental Weinberg Angle

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 4 Pages.

Here, within the non-perturbative Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we derived the Paschos-Wolfenstein (PW) relationship. The derivation shows the true origin of the experimental Weinberg angle. We also showed that the PW ratio leads to the CP-violation sector in the PMNS matrix.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1348] viXra:1902.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-01 11:18:24

Composite Bosons Mass Formula

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 1 Page.

A new formula is proposed to approximate the mass of a charged pion and phi meson. We only obtained an approximate relation to compute the mass in MeV measuring scale.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1347] viXra:1901.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 07:35:28

Superinsulators Quark Playgrounds

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 97 Pages.

Scientists widely accept the existence of quarks, the fundamental particles that make up protons and neutrons. [56] Finding a material which behaves as a superconductor at room temperature would be a scientific breakthrough of incredible conceptual and technological importance. [55] Cuprates, a class of copper-oxide ceramics that share a common building block of copper and oxygen atoms in a flat square lattice, have been studied for their ability to be superconducting at relatively high temperatures. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1346] viXra:1901.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 09:38:48

Why Is the Weak Mixing Angle in Electroweak Theory not Consistent with the Experimental Result?

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

In some experiments for the weak mixing angle we get the values close to 0.2223 while the electroweak (EW) theory within the Standard Model (SM) leads to the value of 0.23122(3). Here we show that such a discrepancy of 4% is a result of incorrect interpretation of the measured value. Moreover, we show that such discrepancy does not appear in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) - we obtain 0.22229.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1345] viXra:1901.0448 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 10:00:19

Help Improve Global Security

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 98 Pages.

A major research project between the UK and US to harness existing particle physics research techniques in order to remotely monitor nuclear reactors has been launched with the help of scientists at the University of Sheffield. [56] Despite being the most advanced quantum technology, secure encryption of information units based on a method called quantum key distribution (QKD) is currently limited by the channel's capacity to send or share secret bits. [55] An international team of researchers led by ANU is helping to build a safe data superhighway for the highly anticipated quantum internet, which promises a new era of artificial intelligence and ultra-secure communication. [54]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1344] viXra:1901.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 12:08:01

The Exact Fermion-Boson Empirical Equation

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The exact fermion-boson formula (within experimental error) binds masses of neutron, proton and electron with masses of pions and W and Z bosons. Such formula gives us the opportunity to decrease the experimental uncertainty for the W boson - we obtained 80.3813(11) GeV instead 80.379(12) GeV.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1343] viXra:1901.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 08:03:31

Plasma Disruption in Fusion Facility

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

Scientists seeking to capture and control on Earth fusion energy, the process that powers the sun and stars, face the risk of disruptions—sudden events that can halt fusion reactions and damage facilities called tokamaks that house them. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1342] viXra:1901.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 10:26:09

New Concept of Magnetic Monopoles

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 5 pages, 4 figures

All attempts to find Dirac magnetic monopoles have remained unsuccessful until now. Only quasi particles with characteristics similar to magnetic monopoles are created experimentally. This article formulates a new concept of intrinsic magnetic monopoles. Magnetic monopoles are elementary particles with magnetic charges and electric spins. They can be generated by splitting a photon in a strong magnetic field. According to the concept at least a magnetic lepton, magnetic baryon, magnetically neutral monopole and its antiparticles exist.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1341] viXra:1901.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 00:49:56

An Illusion of Periodic Changes in Survival Probability for Neutrino Oscillations

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Here we showed that the atom-like structure of baryons described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) leads to an illusion of periodic changes in survival probability for neutrino oscillations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1340] viXra:1901.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 07:03:36

New Form of Strange Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

In a discovery that could provide new insights into the origin of mass in the universe following the Big Bang, scientists from the international J-PARC E15 Collaboration, led by researchers from the RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research (CPR) have used experiments with kaons and helium-3 to experimentally demonstrate, for the first time, the existence of an exotic nucleus containing two protons and a bound kaon. [29] The probability that a nucleus will absorb a neutron is important to many areas of nuclear science, including the production of elements in the cosmos, reactor performance, nuclear medicine and defense applications. [28] CERN's nuclear physics facility, ISOLDE, has minted a new coin in its impressive collection of isotopes. [27]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1339] viXra:1901.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 00:12:54

The Dirac Experiment Test of the Maximal Acceleration Constant

Authors: Miroslav Pardy
Comments: 6 Pages. original article

We determine the nonlinear group of transformations between coordinate systems which are mutually in a constant symmetrical uniform acceleration. The maximal acceleration limit is a constant which follows from the logical necessity and the kinematical necessity of the system motion and it is an analogue of the maximal velocity in special relativity. The Pardy acceleration constant is not the same as the Caianiello acceleration constant in quantum mechanics and Lambiase acceleration constant in the Riemann space-time and this situation forms the serious puzzle in physics after the theta-tau puzzle in particle physics and Hawking black hole puzzle in cosmology. The author transformations of the accelerated systems is related to the Orlov transformations. The DIRAC experiment in CERN with pionium in the strong electrical field is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1338] viXra:1901.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 01:07:40

Determining Fermion Masses and Resolving the Problem of Generations: a Clue to Incorporate Gravity Into the Standard Model

Authors: K.Tennakone
Comments: 23 Pages. None

Inspired by the Poincare model of the electron, elementary fermions are assumed to be bubble like structures with negative internal pressure and a size corresponding to a radius or equivalently an ultraviolet cut-off. Negative pressure, self-interaction of gauge fields up to the cut-off energy and gravity contribute to the self-energy. All corrections are considered to be proportional to the observed mass of the fermion in order to preserve chiral symmetry in the limit of vanishing fermion mass. Fermion self-energy is thus constituted of terms; inverse cubic, logarithmic (as in qed self-energy of the electron), linear and quadratic in the cut-off parameter and defines coupling coefficients. The latter two terms originating from gravity are fixed on basis of dimensional considerations. The condition of extremization of total energy to determine equilibrium states, leads to a quantic equations with three real roots, giving three values for the fermion mass, for each set of coupling coefficients. The model represents observed quark – lepton mass ratios explaining generation problem and suggest possible numerical values for neutrino masses in agreement with the oscillation data in an inverted order. As a result of incorporation of gravity, Planck energy sets as the natural physically meaningful scale, deriving other scales corresponding to sizes of elementary fermions ranging from Planck length to few thousand times this unit. The model interprets, the physical quality distinguishing a generation as the phase of the false vacuum ‘inside’ the elementary bubble. The unconventional approach behind the model may also have implications on unifications of couplings, incorporation of gravity into the standard model and issue of divergences in quantum field theories.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1337] viXra:1901.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 17:02:48

Particle Mass Ratios that Nearly Equal Basic Geometric Ratios

Authors: Carl Littmann
Comments: 13 Pages.

In physics, there exits the massive Proton and much less massive Electron. And thus, a Particle Mass Ratio, when comparing them, about 1836.15 to 1. And there exists many other important particles, too, although unstable, such as the major Pion and major Kaon particles classes. And they have mass ratios, too, relative to the electron, of about 270.1 to 1, and 970.0 to 1, respectively. Interestingly, all those Particle Mass Ratios nearly equal basic Solid Geometry Ratios, some of which we likely saw in High School Geometry class, when viewing sphere patterns. (Or the average of two major solid geometry ratios.) This article lists prominent Particle Mass Ratios and shows the basic Ratio in Solid Geometry that each one nearly equals. Some simple comments are made. (Less specialized readers may skip my more technical comments.)
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1336] viXra:1901.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 06:51:55

Evaluating the Effect of Anti–cancer Nano Drugs Dosage and Reduced Leukemia and Polycythemia Vera Levels on Trend of the Human Blood and Bone Marrow Cancers Under Synchrotron Radiation

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. Trends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000126 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow; there are many types of leukemia, depending on which type of white blood cell is involved. Treatment varies with the type and stage of disease. In fact, it is a blood cancer that begins in the marrow of our bones, the soft center where new blood cells grow. If we have polycythemia vera, our marrow makes too many red blood cells, which causes our blood to get too thick. That can make us more likely to have clots, a stroke, or a heart attack. Treatment of leukemia and polycythemia vera levels on trend of the human blood and bone marrow cancers for optimum usage of anti–cancer Nano drugs dosage is one of the most important issues of sustainable development. Therefore, the only available way to deal with the problem of treatment of leukemia and polycythemia vera levels on trend of the human blood and bone marrow cancers is optimum usage of anti-cancer Nano drugs dosage. In this study, we evaluated the chemical changes of anti–cancer Nano drugs dosage in human blood and bone marrow cancers’ cells such as leukemia, a type of cancer found in our blood and bone marrow cancers is caused by the rapid production of abnormal white blood cells. The high number of abnormal white blood cells is not able to fight infection, and they impair the ability of the bone marrow cancers to produce red blood cells and platelets and determine the treatment trend of these changes.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1335] viXra:1901.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 06:55:02

Assessing the Variety of Synchrotron, Synchrocyclotron and Laser Radiations and Their Roles and Applications in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Diagnosis and Treatment

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. Trends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000127 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Many human cancer cells, tissues and tumors diagnosis and treatment methods and techniques in the world are mostly as synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations. Synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations are the most clinical, medical and medicinal acceptable and reasonable methods and techniques for human cancer cells, tissues and tumors diagnosis and treatment. However, the most important problem is that the produced anti–cancer Nano drugs containing by various chemical and pharmaceutical components, penetrates into the human cancer cells, tissues and tumors and causes the cancer cells, tissues and tumors distribution from the human body. An appropriate diagnosis and treatment method and technique base encapsulation process under synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations prevent the entry of the cancer causes to the human body and have determining role in cancer cells, tissues and tumors distribution control. Synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations are encapsulated products which can solve current problems in human body.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1334] viXra:1901.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:03:31

Investigation of Energy Production by Synchrotron, Synchrocyclotron and Laser Radiations in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors and Evaluation of Their Effective on Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Treatment Trend

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. rends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000130 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Development of synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations increased significantly in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors that led to their effective of attention to the creation of human cancer cells, tissues and tumors treatment trend. The best methods and techniques for decreasing human cancer cells, tissues and tumors is investigation of energy production by synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors and evaluation of their effective on human cancer cells, tissues and tumors treatment trend. To achieve this goal, according to the studies by factors in the process such as pH, temperature and retention time, among the systems were used for this purpose, single–stage systems under synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations possesses higher efficiency. In the conversion process of the system, human benign cancer cells, tissues and tumors were produced with efficiency 99% in total.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1333] viXra:1901.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 08:15:35

LHC Replacement Plans Unveiled

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

The proposal envisages a new 100km circumference tunnel that would be bored through the Earth, encircling the city of Geneva and the surrounding countryside. [30] On Wednesday, 25 July, for the very first time, operators injected not just atomic nuclei but lead "atoms" containing a single electron into the LHC. [29] The case for an ambitious new particle accelerator to be built in the United States has just gotten a major boost.[27] Physics textbooks might have to be updated now that an international research team has found evidence of an unexpected transition in the structure of atomic nuclei. [26] The group led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL and international colleagues have used ultrafast transmission electron microscopy to take attosecond energy-momentum resolved snapshots (1 attosecond = 10-18 or quintillionths of a second) of a free-electron wave function. [25]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1332] viXra:1901.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 07:39:47

Waves and Particles Affect Fusion Reactions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Now a team of physicists led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has devised a faster method to determine how much this interaction between particles and waves contributes to the efficiency loss in tokamaks. [38] The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), nicknamed the "Chinese artificial sun," achieved an electron temperature of over 100 million degrees in its core plasma during a four-month experiment this year. [37] David Armstrong studies a phenomenon that is ubiquitous in nature, yet only a few non-scientists know what it is. [36] Physicists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have recently succeeded in observing parity violation in ytterbium atoms with different numbers of neutrons. [35]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1331] viXra:1901.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 12:19:53

The Relationship Between CKM and PMNS Matrices in the CP-Violation Sectors

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 4 Pages.

There are two minima in the global distribution for the mixing angle (23) in the PMNS matrix. It suggests that there are two different phenomena. We described them within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The two minima lead to two invariants for a certain relationship between the CKM and PMNS matrices in the CP-violation sectors. We also showed how SST is related to the orthodox PMNS matrix and we calculated the maximum allowed CP violation in the leptonic sector parameterized by the Jarlskog determinant - our value is 0.03291. Presented here model allows us to understand the electroweak interactions of baryons.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1330] viXra:1901.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 05:37:14

What is the Magnetic Moment of Electron Spin?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 6 Pages.

According to the unified theory of dynamic space the inductive-inertial phenomenon has been developed, forming the grouping units (namely electric charges or forms of the electric field). Moreover, with the surface electric charges of the electron cortex its inverse electric fields are formed. By the above phenomena the actual theoretical value of the magnetic dipole moment of electron spin is proved as equal to the experimental measurement.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1329] viXra:1901.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 13:08:35

Topological Skyrme Model with Wess-Zumino Anomaly Term Has Colour Dependence in Quark Charges and Indicates Incompleteness of the Pure Skyrme Model

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 10 Pages.

The topological Skyrme has been actively studied in recent times (e.g. see Manton and Sutcliffe, Topological Solitons, Cam U Press, 2004) to understand the structure of the nucleons and the nucleus. Here through a consistent study of the electric charge, it is shown that just the Skyrme lagrangian by itself, gives charges as, Qp = 1/2 and Qn = − 1/2 ; shockingly missing their empirical values. This devastating problem is rectified, only by includig an extra term (not available at Skyrme’s time), arising from the Wess-Zumino anomaly. One then obtains Qu = 2/3 and Qd = − 1/3 , and thus giving the correct charges of the nucleon. It is also shown here (for the first time), that the combined Skyrme-Wess- Zumino lagrangian predicts, colour-number dependence of the electric charges as: Q(u) = 1/2(1 + 1/Nc ); Q(d) = 1/2(−1 + 1/Nc) for arbitrary colour-number of the QCD group SU(Nc). This gives 2/3 and -1/3 charges for Nc=3. Thus it is not good enough to just have the value of charges as 2/3 and -1/3. We show that it is important to have a proper colour dependence existing within the guts of the quark charges. Though the quarks have colour built into its guts, composite protons and neutrons built up of odd-number-of-colours of quarks, turn out to be colour-free with fixed values of 1 and 0 charges, respectively (and which is good for self-consistency of QCD+QED); while the proton and neutron built up of static (colour-independent) charges 2/3 and -1/3, develop explicit colour dependence (and which is disatrous for these models).
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1328] viXra:1901.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 08:52:52

Identifying Lower-Energy Neutrinos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

An experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermilab has made a significant advance in the detection of neutrinos that hide themselves at lower energies. [20] Although three types of neutrino are known, scientists are searching for a possible fourth—the sterile neutrino, whose existence has been teased but never clearly confirmed. [19] A pair of researchers with the Niels Bohr Institute in Denmark has come up with a possible explanation for the excess of electron neutrinos detected by researchers at the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. [18] The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1327] viXra:1901.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 14:25:29

The Charged Higgs-like Bosons Have Already Been Observed by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations

Authors: Mario Everaldo de Souza
Comments: 5 Pages. Submitted to Frontiers in Science

Taking into account a very solid quark compositeness model, based on the electrical charge densities of the nucleons found by R. Hofstadter, R. Herman, L. Durand and R. R. Wilson in the early 1960s, from which a new quantum number is deduced, and the experimental data on the Higgs boson obtained by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations, this article shows that these collaborations have already seen the charged Higgs-like bosons by means of the WW channel. The data also imply that the charged and neutral Higgs-like bosons have similar masses, and that the Higgs-like bosons have odd parity like the other fundamental bosons of Nature. The ratio between the productions of charged to neutral Higgs-like bosons is calculated.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1326] viXra:1901.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 09:16:23

Elusive Fourth Kind of Neutrino

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Although three types of neutrino are known, scientists are searching for a possible fourth—the sterile neutrino, whose existence has been teased but never clearly confirmed. [19] A pair of researchers with the Niels Bohr Institute in Denmark has come up with a possible explanation for the excess of electron neutrinos detected by researchers at the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. [18] The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1325] viXra:1901.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 19:02:55

Up to So(32) Via Supersymmetry "Bootstrap"

Authors: Alejandro Rivero
Comments: Actually three similar versions of 3-4 pages each, and a coda.

A simple self-referencing postulate in the Chan-Paton factors of a string allows to fix some of the freedom in the landscape of SO(32) movel aspiring to be standard-model-like.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1324] viXra:1901.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 09:24:48

Innovative Magnets for Accelerator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

The novel magnet design, developed by Brookhaven physicist Stephen Brooks and C-AD engineer George Mahler, has a fixed magnetic field that varies in strength at different points within each circular magnet's aperture. [46] Particle accelerators are made of structures called cavities, which impart energy to the particle beam, kicking it forward. [45] As an alternative cost-cutting option to accelerate particles more efficiently, the wakefield accelerator has been suggested. Physicists send a beam of either electrons, protons, or a laser through a plasma. [44] A KAIST research team successfully identified the underlying principles behind electron heating, which is one of the most important phenomena in plasmas. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1323] viXra:1901.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 01:03:04

Overture to Beethoven’s Grosse Fugue (Opus 133) is an Outline of the E8 Lie Algebra

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 75 Pages.

The Overture to Beethoven’s Grosse Fugue (Opus 133) is an Outline of E8 Lie Algebra. Visualizations of Beethoven’s Grosse Fugue (Opus 133) by Stephen Malinowski show details of the correspondences between the Grosse Fugue and E8. Since Beethoven wrote the Grosse Fugue in 1825, two years before his death in 1827, and since the E8 Lie Algebra and the Cl(16) Real Clifford Algebra in which it lives were not known to the mathematics community until Marius Sophus Lie and Wilhelm Killing invented Lie Algebras in the 1870s and 1880s and William Kingdon Clifford invented Clifford Algebras in 1878 it was not possible for Beethoven to have used the mathematics knowledge of his day in writing the Grosse Fugue but the correspondences between the Grosse Fugue Oveture and the E8 Lie Algebra are far too extensive to be mere coincidence. A possible explanation could be that (Appendix on Quantum Consciousness - page 9)our conscious brains have structure similar to the structure of E8 so that when Beethoven was composing, looking deep inside his conscious brain to “hear” music mentally that he could not hear normally because of his deafness, he was “seeing” basic structures similar to E8. Human quantum consciousness is based on microtubules containing maximally about 65,536 Tubulin Dimers. E8 lives in the 65,536-dimensional Real Clifford Algebra Cl(16). Cl(16) is the basic structure of Our Universe (viXra 1810.0365) so Beethoven could have been “seeing” in his mind that the E8 inside Cl(16) looks like part of the structure of microtubules of his consciousness and then writing that structure into the Grosse Fugue. A similar line of reasoning might explain correspondences between Cl(16) Physics and the Archetype images of Jung’s Red Book (Appendix on Red Book Physics - page 23).
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1322] viXra:1812.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-30 17:40:26

Beginnings of the Helicity Basis in the (S,0)+(0,S) Representations of the Lorentz Group

Authors: Valeriy V. Dvoeglazov
Comments: 10 Pages. To be published in the Proceedings of the MG15, Rome, Jul. 2018. (World Scientific ebook)

We write solutions of relativistic quantum equations explicitly in the helicity basis for S=1/2 and S=1. We present the analyses of relations between Dirac-like and Majorana-like field operators. Several interesting features of bradyonic and tachyonic solutions are presented.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1321] viXra:1812.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 03:19:00

“QUANTUM Physics of a Sound, Respectively Physics of Pressured Oscillations of Quanticles Called “PHONONS““

Authors: Imrich Krištof
Comments: 8 Pages.

This Tech–Science text of article dedicated to the QUANTUM ACOUSTIC Sensu Stricto says about phonons, the sound quazi–particles elements, which are very interesting in nano, micro, makro scales of nature. This New Concept of QUANTUM ACOUSTIC PHYSICS OR QUANTUM PHYSICS OF SOUND IS ILLUSTRATED ON EMPIRIO–CRITICISM PHILOSOPHY OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS OF MORAVIAN BORN PROFESSOR ERNST MACH, the text operated with subjects like MACH’S NUMBER, MACH’S CONE, MACH’S PRINCIPLE, MACH’S WAVEMACHINE. The Highlights is focused on Author’s Sketches in problematic connected with AERODYNAMICS AND AERONAUTICS.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1320] viXra:1812.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-26 04:13:49

Self-interacting Electron as the Gauge Field Under the Ultimate Separation of the Absolute Quantum Motions

Authors: Peter Leifer
Comments: 13 Pages.

The problem of the reason of physical motion needs a review in the framework of quantum theory. The Aristotle's mistake, Galileo-Newton progress, Einstein physical geometry established the fundamental role of the spacetime geometry in the motion of fields and bodies. Quantum theory poses a new question about the motion of the quantum states and its reason in the quantum state space. The standard approach of quantum theory uses so-called method of the classical analogy where the action functional contains in the additive manner three terms: matter (free particles) + free fields + interaction term. Such approach leads to the quantum state space as some space of functions defined on the spacetime. I think if one try to understand the peculiarity of the self-interacting quantum particles together with its ``field shell" then the classical scheme should be replaced. Then the role of the spacetime should be revised: the space of the unlocated pure quantum degrees of freedom and its geometry will play the fundamental role and the local dynamical spacetime arises as representation of the internal quantum motions (inverse representation). I will discuss in this work a small but important change in the formulation of the field equations for the energy-momentum, orbital momentum and kinetic momentum of the self-interacting electron.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1319] viXra:1812.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 20:51:50

Estimating Lamb Shift by Using Virtual Photons

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 24 Pages. 1 figure; Include Chinese version

The virtual photon can be used to calculate the ground state energy levels of hydrogen atom and helium atom. The calculation method is relatively simple and easy to understand. The Lamb shift is a problem in quantum electrodynamics. To explain the causes of Lamb's shift, more complex calculations and various assumptions are needed. It is tested that there is a clear difference between the 2S1/2 orbital of the hydrogen atom and the 2P1/2 orbital, which involves the virtual photon exchange between the electron and the proton, which inevitably causes the difference of the virtual photon exchange mode. The difference in the way of this virtual photon exchange may cause the energy loss of the electron proton interactions of the 2S1/2 orbital and 2P1/2 orbital to differ. Through the calculations in this paper, it is found that if the 2S1/2 orbital virtual photon exchange requires additional transmission of a longer distance, the efficiency of virtual photon energy exchange will be slightly reduced. Thus the energy lost by the 2S1/2 orbital is less than the energy lost by the 2P1/2 orbital. This difference in energy reflects Lamb's shift. The calculation results are consistent with the experimental results on the order of magnitude. This suggests that Lamb shift may also be caused by changes in the efficiency of virtual photon exchange between particles.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1318] viXra:1812.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 09:48:26

The Fourth State of Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

This revolution in healthcare has many practical applications, from food hygiene to treatment of different kinds of skin diseases, purification of water and odour management. [40] A novel quantum effect observed in a carbon nanotube film could lead to the development of unique lasers and other optoelectronic devices, according to scientists at Rice University and Tokyo Metropolitan University. [39] This "piezomagnetic" material changes its magnetic properties when put under mechanical strain. [38] Researchers have developed a new flexible sensor with high sensitivity that is designed to perform variety of chemical and biological analyses in very small spaces. [37] In a new paper published today in Science Advances, researchers under the direction of Columbia Engineering Professors Michal Lipson and Alexander Gaeta (Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics) have miniaturized dual-frequency combs by putting two frequency comb generators on a single millimeter-sized chip. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1317] viXra:1812.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 22:07:23

The Masses Explanation

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

In this theory we will talk about the notion of masses masses are conceptually not understood so we will show how to understand masses now first of all masses have a relation with volume this relation defines how masses act the relation is simply is that if you have a mass having a certain volume you must now that this is not the true volume masses occupy less true volume than its seen volume being that said you know that if an element has a ratio of real volume over seen volume or real volume/seen volume in one element much less than that of another element you could conclude that the second element has larger mass
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1316] viXra:1812.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 06:08:27

Photocathodes Quantum Efficiency

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 84 Pages.

Teams from the accelerator physics and the SRF groups at HZB are developing a superconducting linear accelerator featuring energy recovery (Energy Recovery Linac) as part of the bERLinPro project. [46] Particle accelerators are made of structures called cavities, which impart energy to the particle beam, kicking it forward. [45] As an alternative cost-cutting option to accelerate particles more efficiently, the wakefield accelerator has been suggested. Physicists send a beam of either electrons, protons, or a laser through a plasma. [44] A KAIST research team successfully identified the underlying principles behind electron heating, which is one of the most important phenomena in plasmas. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1315] viXra:1812.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 04:51:14

Quanta of Decay Momentum

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages, 2 tables

The article discloses a new property of any known forcefield: elementary particles have an equal initial momentum at the distances comparable with the radius of a proton. It is probably the quanta of a decay momentum.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1314] viXra:1812.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 02:58:50

Diffusion Limited Aggregation and the Spiderweb Distribution of Dark Matter on Galactic Scales

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 5 Pages. First draft.

It was recently found that multivariable flows from the ultraviolet (UV) to the infrared (IR) sector of field theory display universal properties. Under the assumption that these flows develop outside equilibrium, they can reproduce the dynamic content of the Standard Model (SM) and shed light on the physics of Dark Matter structures. Here we explore a scenario where the spiderweb patterns of Dark Matter on galactic scales arise from a process resembling three-dimensional Diffusion Limited Aggregation (DLA). Key words: Strange Attractors, Standard Model, Dark Matter, Cantor Dust, Diffusion Limited Aggregation.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1313] viXra:1812.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 09:22:53

Particles Change Flavor in Flight

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

A recent Ph.D. thesis in University of Jyväskylä, Finland, finds that the properties of the ghost-like particles, the so-called neutrinos, can be studied at a high precision in the next generation of accelerator-based experiments. [18] The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1312] viXra:1811.0504 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-29 16:32:38

A Simple Field-Theoretical Treatment of the Magnetodynamic Nature of Mass for Baryons.

Authors: Osvaldo F. Schilling
Comments: 19 pages, 2 tables, 2 figures

Baryons are considered as dressed protons, resulting from perturbations of magnetodynamic origin built upon a background sea of excitations at about 3.7 GeV. In order to simulate perturbations from such a state a sum over the energy spectrum of excitations is necessary. A Zeta-function regularization procedure previously adopted for the Casimir Effect is applied to eliminate divergencies when the sum upon the energy spectrum states is carried out. States of negative energy compared to the background state are obtained and represent the baryons. The periodic behavior of the baryons masses with confined magnetic flux is reproduced with no further forms of energies required besides the magnetodynamic terms.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1311] viXra:1811.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-28 10:47:18

Superheavy Elements

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

A team led by nuclear physicists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has reported the first direct measurements of the mass numbers for the nuclei of two superheavy elements: moscovium, which is element 115, and nihonium, element 113. [29] An unprecedented combination of experimental nuclear physics and theoretical and computational modelling techniques has been brought together to reveal the full extent of the odd-even shape staggering of exotic mercury isotopes, and explain how it happens. [28]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1310] viXra:1811.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-28 11:32:23

Some Hints About Fusion

Authors: Mohammad Sharifi
Comments: 1 Page.

Some hints about fusion
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1309] viXra:1811.0479 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-28 12:56:27

Nuclear Decay Configuration

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 5 Pages. Plate II Section in the article is wrongly published. The main aim is to predict new pentaquark particle with specific quark composition in plate I

Nuclear physics and high energy physics experiments led to very highly precise results effectively confirming the theoretical base of the subject. The present paper proposes a theoretical justification of nuclear decay and therefore predicts a kind of weird particles. This paper essentially deals with theoretical analysis and predicts a new particle of proton decay in excited nucleus.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1308] viXra:1811.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-26 10:04:43

Negative Mass Clarifying Effects

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A FLEET study led by University of Queensland's David Colas clarifies recent studies of negative mass, investigating the strange phenomenon of self-interference. [25] Mysterious radiation emitted from distant corners of the galaxy could finally be explained with efforts to recreate a unique state of matter that blinked into existence in the first moments after the Big Bang. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23] Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22] When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1307] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-26 19:27:28

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 11 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1306] viXra:1811.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-26 23:14:48

On The Fractional Fundamental Boson

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 2 Pages. catagory high energy physics

Our vision is to theoretically establish a fractional charged elementary vector boson of spin unity and also an equation to compute the mass of elementary but charged weak gauge boson.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1305] viXra:1811.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-16 09:36:12

Infinite-Dimensional Symmetry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

The symmetries that govern the world of elementary particles at the most elementary level could be radically different from what has so far been thought. [29] A fraction of a second after the Big Bang, a single unified force may have shattered. Scientists from the CDF and DZero Collaborations used data from the Fermilab Tevatron Collider to recreate the early universe conditions. [28] Now researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have helped to better understand the first minutes of the universe: They collected artificially produced beryllium-7 and made it into a sample that could be investigated. [27] Researchers have developed a new way to improve our knowledge of the Big Bang by measuring radiation from its afterglow, called the cosmic microwave background radiation. [26] The group's results reinforce a disagreement over the value of the Hubble constant as measured directly and as calculated via observations of primordial radiation – a disparity, say the researchers, which likely points to new physics. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1304] viXra:1811.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 09:47:14

Fusion Tool Past 100 Million Degrees

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), nicknamed the "Chinese artificial sun," achieved an electron temperature of over 100 million degrees in its core plasma during a four-month experiment this year. [37] David Armstrong studies a phenomenon that is ubiquitous in nature, yet only a few non-scientists know what it is. [36] Physicists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have recently succeeded in observing parity violation in ytterbium atoms with different numbers of neutrons. [35] Exploring the mystery of molecular handedness in nature, scientists have proposed a new experimental scheme to create custom-made mirror molecules for analysis. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information—known as qubits—that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from HYPERLINK "https://www.rigetti.com/" Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1303] viXra:1811.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 02:30:14

The Volkov Solution of the Dirac Equation with the Higgs Field

Authors: Miroslav Pardy
Comments: 8 Pages. The original ideas

We determine the power radiation formula of the electron moving in the plane wave Higgs potential from the Volkov solution of the Dirac equation. The Higgs potential is here the vector extension of the scalar Higgs potential. The Higgs bosons mass is involved in the power radiation formula. The article represents the unification of the particle and the laser physics.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1302] viXra:1811.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 02:49:53

What is a Neutrino?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 4 Pages.

The emission of antineutrinos is interpreted by the inductive-inertial phenomenon as independent E/M formations, which are created when a neutron breaks down into a proton and an electron (beta decay). Specifically, at the contact limits of the neutron quarks, due to the acceleration of the surface charges of the neutron cortex, the adjacent opposite units are strongly accelerated, causing grouping units outside the neutron cortex as independent E/M formations of one spindle.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1301] viXra:1811.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 07:53:59

Spacetime at Quarks Scale

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Most physicists believe that the structure of spacetime is formed in an unknown way at the Planck scale, i.e., at a scale close to one trillionth of a trillionth of a metre. [30] In a recent study, the CMS collaboration describes how it has sifted through data from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to try and spot dark quarks. [29] Physicists in Italy are about to start up a new experiment designed to hunt for hypothetical particles such as the “dark photon” and carriers of a possible fifth force of nature. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1300] viXra:1811.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 08:40:31

Four Top Quarks At Once

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

A promising testbed for such new physics is "four-top-quark production," an elusive Standard Model process that has not yet been observed experimentally. [40] Compared with the previous method of data pre-processing, the new machine-learning-based method has quadrupled quality metrics for the identification of particles on the calorimeter. [39] From the data collected by the LHCb detector at the Large Hadron Collider, it appears that the particles known as charm mesons and their antimatter counterparts are not produced in perfectly equal proportions. [38] The OPERA experiment, located at the Gran Sasso Laboratory of the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), was designed to conclusively prove that muon-neutrinos can convert to tau-neutrinos, through a process called neutrino oscillation, whose discovery was awarded the 2015 Nobel Physics Prize. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino—the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1299] viXra:1811.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 10:24:14

New Concept of Elementary Particles Classification

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 6 pages, 2 figures

In contemporary physics elementary particles are classified by energy, live time and other properties. In contradiction to this very basic principle of contemporary physics, this article proposes a new concept that particles in the gravitation field like in the electric field have allowed energy levels. Only four elementary particles, i.e., electron, proton, photon and neutrino are in the ground state. They are intrinsically elementary particles. All other particles are excited states of said intrinsic particles in the gravitation field of Earth.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1298] viXra:1811.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 20:22:54

Action and Holographic Principle

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 2 Pages.

Applying the holographic principle to action
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1297] viXra:1811.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 14:43:27

Theory of Fermion Masses, Mixing Angles, Lagrangian Potentials and Beta Decays, Based on Higgs Bosons Arising from the Scaler Fields of a Kaluza Klein Theory Given Five-Dimensional General Covariance by Dirac’s Quantum Theory of the Electron

Authors: Jay R. Yablon
Comments: 162 Pages.

Why the twelve elementary fermions have the masses they have, (and what the neutrino masses actually are) is one of the deepest unsolved mysteries of modern physics. We crack this puzzle using a theory of fermion masses which succeeds in reparameterizing all twelve fermion masses in terms of other known parameters for which the theoretical interconnection to these masses have not heretofore been understood. The first step is to “repair” long-recognized perplexities of Kaluza-Klein theory using Dirac’s quantum theory of the electron to enforce general covariance across all five dimensions. One consequence of this is the emergence of a modified Dirac equation for fermions which naturally contains the Kaluza-Klein scaler. After establishing a connection between this Kaluza-Klein scaler and the standard model Higgs scaler, we use the latter to connect the known masses of all the quarks and charged leptons to the CKM and PMNS mixing angles and several other parameters which have heretofore not been theoretically connected to these masses. Then, after using the Newton gravitational constant and the Fermi vacuum to establish a sum of neutrino masses in the exact range expected from experiments, it also becomes possible to predict the rest masses of the three neutrinos. Also predicted are the existence and rest mass of a second leptonic Higgs boson, and tighter values for several other known parameters including the mass of the established Higgs boson. Also uncovered is a new, deep role for the cosmological neutrino background (CvB) and the Higgs boson in triggering and facilitating weak interaction beta decay events.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1296] viXra:1811.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-04 06:41:07

Correction to the Yinyang Logic Schema

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

The operator described as an addition rule ⨣ is mistaken as such because it is not bivalent and exact, but rather a vector space and probabilistic. The operator ⨣ is re-named as "the operator rules of classical logic" because of the following schema: 01 Or 01 = 01; 10 Or 10 = 10; 01 And 10 = 00; 00 Or 11 = 11.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1295] viXra:1811.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-02 12:43:56

Antimatter Gravity at CERN

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Two new experiments at CERN, ALPHA-g and GBAR, have now started their journey towards answering this question. [25] Mysterious radiation emitted from distant corners of the galaxy could finally be explained with efforts to recreate a unique state of matter that blinked into existence in the first moments after the Big Bang. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23] Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22] When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1294] viXra:1811.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-02 14:16:28

The Bumps in the Di-Muon Mass Spectra at 28.3 GeV in the LHC Data and 30.4 GeV in the LEP Data

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The atom-like structure of baryons described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) shows that for colliding nucleons we should observe an excess in the di-muon mass spectra at 28.3 GeV with a natural width 1.5 GeV while for colliding electrons should be respectively 30.2 GeV and 1.6 GeV. Obtained here results are consistent with the initial results obtained in the CMS and ALEPH experiments.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1293] viXra:1811.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-03 06:05:38

Estimation and Prediction of Neutrino Mass Based on the Kinetic Theory of Gases

Authors: Hejie Lin, Tsung-Wu Lin
Comments: 6 Pages.

Neutrinos and molecules co-exist in space. Because both have physical properties of mass and speed, it is a logical assumption that neutrinos can interact with molecules according to the kinetic theory of gases. If neutrinos interact with gases such as nitrogen and oxygen, the mass of neutrino can be estimated using the kinetic theory of gases. According to the kinetic theory of gases, the estimated mass of a neutrino is 6.27 x 10^-38 [kg] or 0.0352 [eV/c^2]. The goal of this estimation is to predict an approximate mass of neutrinos.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1292] viXra:1811.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-01 08:29:32

Machine Learning Particle at LHC

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Compared with the previous method of data pre-processing, the new machine-learning-based method has quadrupled quality metrics for the identification of particles on the calorimeter. [39] From the data collected by the LHCb detector at the Large Hadron Collider, it appears that the particles known as charm mesons and their antimatter counterparts are not produced in perfectly equal proportions. [38] The OPERA experiment, located at the Gran Sasso Laboratory of the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), was designed to conclusively prove that muon-neutrinos can convert to tau-neutrinos, through a process called neutrino oscillation, whose discovery was awarded the 2015 Nobel Physics Prize. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino— the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34] The occasional decay of neutrons into dark matter particles could solve a long-standing discrepancy in neutron decay experiments. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1291] viXra:1811.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-01 21:06:55

On The Origin of Physical States

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 9 Pages. This historic artical was wrriten in 2015.

For the first time in mankind history, all properties of elementary particles are uncovered and described concisely and systematically.

Aligning with the synthesis of the virtual and physical worlds in a hierarchical taxonomy of the universe, this theory refines the topology framework of universe, and presents a new perspective of the Yin Yang natural laws that, through the processes of creation and reproduction, the fundamental elements generate an infinite series of circular objects and a Yin Yang duality of dynamic fields that are sequenced and transformed states of matter between the virtual and physical worlds.

Once virtual objects are transformed, they embody various enclaves of energy states, known as dark energy, quarks, leptons, bosons, protons, and neutrons, characterized by their incentive oscillations of timestate variables in a duality of virtual realities: energy and time, spin and charge, mass and space, symmetry and asymmetry. 

As a consequence, it derives the fully-scaled quantum properties of physical particles in accordance with numerous historical experiments, and has overcome the limitations of Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle and the Standard Model, towards concisely exploring physical nature and beyond...


Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1290] viXra:1810.0500 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-31 02:39:09

Can Stabilization and Symmetry Breakings Give Rise to Life in the Process of the Universe Evolution?

Authors: Choong Sun Kim
Comments: 6 Pages. Published in International Journal of Astrobiolgy (2018); DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1473550418000071

Bio-genesis can be understood as the final process of the Universe's evolution, from Planck scale down to nuclear scale to atomic scale to molecular scale, then finally to bio-scale, with the breaking of relevant symmetries at every step. By assuming the simplest definition of life, that life is just a molecular system which can reproduce itself (auto-reproducing molecular system -- ARMS) and has such kinetic ability (kineto-molecular system -- KMS), at least for its microscopic level, as to respond actively to its surrounding environments, we tried to explain the origin of life, taking the final step of the Universe evolution. We found a few clues for the origin of life, such as: (1) As the Universe expands and gets extremely cold, bio-genesis can take place by auto-reproducing molecular system, new level of stabilization may be achievable only at `locally cold places', such as comets. (2) There must be the parity breaking in the bio-scale stabilization process, which can be violated spontaneously, or dynamically by the van der Waals forces possible only at locally cold places. (3) And the rule of bio-parity breaking is universal within the bio-horizon. So we will find, for example, only left-handed amino acids in all living beings dwelling within our galaxy. (4) The idea of bio-genesis through the bio-scale stabilization in the evolution of the Universe looks very consistent with Panspermia hypothesis, and supports it by providing a viable answer for life's origin at such locally cold places.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1289] viXra:1810.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-26 03:38:56

Loop and String

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 6 Pages.

Loop and string, holographic principle
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1288] viXra:1810.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-22 22:22:43

Geisteswissenschaft and Cl(16) Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 225 Pages.

Geisteswissenschaft is the term Rudolf Steiner used for study of the Spirit World and how it relates to the Physical World described by Cl(16) - E8 - Fr3(O) - Cl(1,25) Physics of viXra 1807.0166 and 1804.0121 (called herein Cl(16) Physics) and to Human History, including the Human HIstory shown by the National Geographic Genographic project. Cl(16) Physics shows that orr Universe originated with Finkelstein Iteration of Real Clifford Algebras from the Void ( First Grothendieck Universe ) to Cl(16) ( Second Grothendieck Universe) whose BiVectors and two quarter-Spinors ( ++ and -- ) give Cl(16) Physics and whose TriVectors give Fr3(O) String Theory leading to a Cl(1,25) Algebraic Quantum Field Theory ( AQFT ) that generalizes Hyperfinite II1 von Neumann factor Fock Space from 2-Periodic Complex Clifford Algebra to 8-Periodic Real Clifford Algebra to get the Third Grothendieck Universe. Rudolf Steiner used his Geisteswissenschaft to construct the First Goetheneanum in 1913 (it was burned down by arson in 1922) with structural designs corresponding to the structure of Cl(16) Physics. He viewed History as a succession of 7 cultures which I would call (also using the chronology of Manetho): Polarea (during Octonionic Inflation) (Spirit World) - Hyperborea (Quaternionic, following Inflation) (Spirit World) - Lemuria (50,000 years ago) (Spirit and Physical Worlds) - Angkor and Rig Veda - Atlantis (40,000 years ago) (Sprit and Physical Worlds) - Pyramids and Sphinx - Era of Demigods - connection with Spirit World declines - Era of Spirits of the Dead - Spirit World is only a memory - Era of Mortal Humans - Technology dominates Spirit until 2012.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1287] viXra:1810.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-20 06:49:53

Biermann Battery Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

The new findings reveal through computer simulations a previously unknown role for the Biermann effect that could improve understanding of reconnection—the snapping apart and violent reconnection of magnetic field lines in plasmas that gives rise to northern lights, solar flares and geomagnetic space storms that can disrupt cell-phone service and electric grids on Earth. [44] Schematic of a magnetic nozzle rf plasma thruster (helicon plasma thruster) having two open source exits and photographs of the three operation modes in the laboratory test. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1286] viXra:1810.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-20 00:35:17

Dark Matter Gives Mass to the Elementary Particles. Higgs Mechanism is Wrong

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 227 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

Dark Matter gives Mass to the elementary particles. Higgs mechanism is wrong “The Ferent mechanism: the interaction energy of gravitons emitted by Dark Matter gives mass to the elementary particles” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity, Gravitation gives mass to the elementary particles” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity explains how mass mediates gravitational interaction between bodies, with Matter and Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Einstein did not understand Gravitation, he calculated Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Particles is wrong; because you learned about Particles without Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory heavier elementary particles have more Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the mass generation mechanism is caused by an internal field the Gravitational field; in Higgs mechanism, there is an external field, the Higgs field.” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is right, because where only few Higgs boson detected, with very short life, that is why the Higgs field is not like syrup or honey and that is why the Higgs mechanism is wrong” Adrian Ferent Higgs Boson, the so-called “God particle” is a fraud. Nobel Prize fraud: in 2013 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded jointly to François Englert and Peter Higgs "for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider." Nobel Prize in physics was a fraud because: François Englert and Peter Higgs did not discover a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles! At CERN they did not detect the Higgs boson, they detected a new particle in the mass region around 126 GeV! “The reaction of the Swedish Academy to Higgs boson discovery appears to be a result of being beguiled by CERN’s attempts to justify the billions of dollars of public money being spent.“ The same thing with LIGO, one billion of dollars of public money being spent and zero results! Another fraud was the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics, awarded for a project, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO), not for a scientific discovery; they did not detect anything. In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory, LIGO is a fraud. Since they received the Nobel Prize they did not detect gravitational waves, because: “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent “Einstein did not understand Gravitation, he calculated Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational waves are carried by gravitons” Adrian Ferent More money will be spent on Einstein’s wrong gravitation theory with LISA, the European Space Agency mission designed to detect the gravitational waves, tiny ripples in the fabric of space-time! “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass” Adrian Ferent “Everything what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent In the last 100 years your professors, the greatest scientists, the journals… have made money preaching a wrong theory, Einstein’s Gravitation theory and any new theory like Ferent Quantum Gravity theory based on Gravitons is not accepted. We are in 2018, not in 1633 when Galileo was judged refusing to accept that the Earth was the immovable center of the universe. All quantum gravity theories like String theory, LQG… are wrong theories because Einstein’s Gravitation theory is wrong and are limited to speed of light. “In Ferent Quantum Gravity, Gravitation gives mass to the elementary particles” Adrian Ferent The mass generation mechanism is a theory that describes the origin of mass. The mass generation mechanism is one of the most burning problem of the modern particle physics. The problem is complex because the primary role of mass is to mediate gravitational interaction between bodies. “Ferent Quantum Gravity explains how mass mediates gravitational interaction between bodies, with Matter and Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent The elementary particles that make up matter leptons and quarks are fermions; the elementary bosons are force carriers that function as the 'glue' holding matter together. The Higgs mechanism doesn't explain the source of any masses, the Higgs mechanism is not a mechanism for generating mass. The Higgs boson does not give other particles mass; the Higgs boson is a quantized manifestation of a Higgs field that not generates mass through its interaction with other particles. Particles drag through the Higgs field by exchanging virtual Higgs particles with it. How scientists explain how elementary particles get their masses, with syrup and honey: Except for massless photons and gluons, "all elementary particles get their masses from their interactions with the [Higgs] field, kind of like being 'slowed down' by passing through a thick syrup," “The Higgs field is likened to a rich and creamy soup, or maybe a dense and heavy fog, or even a vat of thick and goopy honey… impeding the free travel of carefree electrons and quarks.” Most of the mass in particles like protons, nuclei, and atoms does not come from the Higgs mechanism, but from the binding energy that holds these particles together. The energy of the interaction between quarks and gluons is what gives protons and neutrons their mass. “Unification between Matter and Dark Matter: Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent That is why: “The electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent “The Ferent mechanism: the interaction energy of gravitons emitted by Dark Matter gives mass to the elementary particles” Adrian Ferent “Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Particles is wrong; because you learned about Particles without Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity, Gravitation gives mass to the elementary particles” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory heavier elementary particles have more Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the mass generation mechanism is caused by an internal field the Gravitational field; in Higgs mechanism, there is an external field, the Higgs field.” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is right, because where only few Higgs boson detected, with very short life, that is why the Higgs field is not like syrup or honey and that is why the Higgs mechanism is wrong” Adrian Ferent “Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent 121. I am the first who discovered the Ferent mechanism: the interaction energy of gravitons emitted by Dark Matter gives mass to the elementary particles 122. I am the first who discovered that Gravitation gives mass to the elementary particles 123. I am the first who explained how mass mediates gravitational interaction between bodies, with Matter and Dark Matter 124. I am the first who explained that Einstein did not understand Gravitation, he calculated Gravitation 125. I am the first who explained what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Particles is wrong; because you learned about Particles without Dark Matter 126. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity theory heavier elementary particles have more Dark Matter 127. I am the first who explained that in Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the mass generation mechanism is caused by an internal field the Gravitational field; in Higgs mechanism, there is an external field, the Higgs field 128. I am the first who explained that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is right, because where only few Higgs boson detected, with very short life, that is why the Higgs field is not like syrup or honey and that is why the Higgs mechanism is wrong
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1285] viXra:1810.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-18 10:32:42

Accelerator Cavity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 83 Pages.

Particle accelerators are made of structures called cavities, which impart energy to the particle beam, kicking it forward. [45] As an alternative cost-cutting option to accelerate particles more efficiently, the wakefield accelerator has been suggested. Physicists send a beam of either electrons, protons, or a laser through a plasma. [44] A KAIST research team successfully identified the underlying principles behind electron heating, which is one of the most important phenomena in plasmas. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1284] viXra:1810.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-17 07:07:55

What is the Spin of the Particles?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 5 Pages.

According to the unified theory of dynamic space it is described the first (Universal) and the second (local) space deformation, which change the geometric structure of the isotropic space. These geometric deformations created the dynamic space, the Universe, and the space holes (bubbles of empty space), the early form of matter. The neutron cortex is structured around these space holes with the electrically opposite elementary units (in short: units) at the light speed. So, an electrical and geometric deformation of the neutron cortex occurs, as the third space deformation, resulting in the creation of surface electric charges (quarks), to which the particles spin is due. Additionally, the "paradox" magnetic dipole moment of neutron is interpreted.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1283] viXra:1810.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-18 05:03:29

Study Supports Standard Model

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

In a new study, researchers at Northwestern, Harvard and Yale universities examined the shape of an electron's charge with unprecedented precision to confirm that it is perfectly spherical. [20] Recently, extensive study shows that the parity-time symmetry breaking in open systems leads to exceptional points, promising for novel applications leasers and sensing. [19] A recent discovery by William & Mary and University of Michigan researchers transforms our understanding of one of the most important laws of modern physics. [18] Now, a team of physicists from The University of Queensland and the NÉEL Institute has shown that, as far as quantum physics is concerned, the chicken and the egg can both come first. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating—something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1282] viXra:1810.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-15 08:32:42

Acceleration of Electron in Plasma Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

As an alternative cost-cutting option to accelerate particles more efficiently, the wakefield accelerator has been suggested. Physicists send a beam of either electrons, protons, or a laser through a plasma. [44] A KAIST research team successfully identified the underlying principles behind electron heating, which is one of the most important phenomena in plasmas. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1281] viXra:1810.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-12 08:57:12

Finding Gluon Inside the Pion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 84 Pages.

Researchers from NC State University have determined the probability of finding a gluon inside the pion. [44] An international joint research group led by Osaka University demonstrated that it was possible to efficiently heat plasma by focusing a relativistic electron beam (REB) accelerated by a high-intensity, short-pulse laser with the application of a magnetic field of 600 tesla (T), about 600 times greater than the magnetic energy of a neodymium magnet (the strongest permanent magnet). [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[947] viXra:1903.0334 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-24 23:38:59

Science, Art, and Music

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 46 Pages.

In my view: Science = Art = Music: Science is explained by a Theory of Everything (TOE) using Real Clifford Algebra Cl(16) The Pinnacle of Human Art is Marcel Duchamp's Large Glass which (when combined with its Mirror image) corresponds in detail with Cl(16) Physics TOE. The Pinnacle of Human Music is Beethoven's Grosse Fugue which corresponds in detail with Cl(16) TOE. Cl(16) emerged from a Quantum Fluctuation in a Void in our Parent Universe by David Finkelstein's Clifford Iteration Process: Cl(Void) = Clifford Algebra of Void = 0 Cl(0) = 2^0 dimensions = 1 Cl(1) = 2^1 = 2 Cl(2) = 2^2 = 4 Cl(4) = 2^4 = 16 Cl(16) = 2^16 = 65,536 = tensor product Cl(8)xCl(8) = 256x256 Cl(16) has 16 Vectors = Lie Ball = Spin(10) / Spin(8) x U(1) Cl(16) has 120 BiVectors = D8 subalagebra of E8 Cl(16) has 128 half-Spinors ( 1 0-Vector + 126 8-Vectors + 1 16-Vector ) 120+128 = 248 = E8 Cl(16) has 560 TriVectors = 10 copies of Fr3(O) 56-dim Fr3(O) has 2 copies of 27-dim J3(O) The other 65,536-16-120-128-560 = 64,712 elements of Cl(16) are available to carry information in processes such as Quantum Consciousness.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[946] viXra:1903.0118 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-08 06:34:28

A New Study on Unification of Electromagnetic Field and Gravitational Field

Authors: Ho Dong Jo, Chol Song Kim
Comments: 60 Pages.

We specified the difficulties of Maxwell’s electromagnetic theory and Einstein’s gravitational theory in detail, established a new unified theory of field including consistent electromagnetic theory and gravitational theory on the basis of new starting postulates, and applied these theoretical methods to quantum electrodynamics. We accepted a new geometrical space in which metric tensor and all main physical functions becomes implicit function, called “KR space” conforming to our starting postulates, and normalization of implicit functions in order to connect all physical functions defined in this space with real world, experimental measures. As a result, we naturally unraveled problem of radiation reaction, a historical difficult problem of Maxwell-Lorentz electromagnetic theory, built new quantum electrodynamics without renormalization procedure and also predicted some new theoretical consequences which could not find in traditional theories.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[945] viXra:1902.0489 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-02 07:58:35

Comparison of Particle Model Based on Virtual Spacetime and Quark Model and the Discussion of Charged Higgs Bosons

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 28 Pages.

This paper explores why the particle model based on virtual spacetime is consistent with the results of the quark model. The biggest problem with the quark model is why the quark has a fractional charge, but it cannot be detected. From the condition of the Dirac charge quantization, the fractional charge does not satisfy the charge quantization condition, so it is impossible to observe it in real spacetime. Otherwise we will be able to detect the magnetic monopole. However, quark's fractional charge constructs different baryon structures and is supported by strong experimental evidence. This shows that the quark's fractional charge is reasonable. At least there is strong indirect support. Therefore, any newly created particle model should at least have a quark model as a subset. It can be seen from the analysis of this paper that the virtual spacetime particle model contains the quark model and can predict the all predicted results of quark models. But the virtual spacetime particle model has a larger range and can predict new particles that the quark model cannot predict. By analyzing the meson model in the virtual spacetime particle model, we find that in addition to the currently discovered Higgs boson, there are two Higgs bosons with positive and negative charges in nature. The Bosons are positive and negative particles, and their energy range is at the range of 110~140GeV, which should be found on LHC and other colliders.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[944] viXra:1902.0489 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-01 20:42:57

Comparison of Particle Model Based on Virtual Spacetime and Quark Model and the Discussion of Charged Higgs Bosons

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 28 Pages. 3 Figures; 1 Table; Including Chinese Version

This paper explores why the particle model based on virtual spacetime is consistent with the results of the quark model. The biggest problem with the quark model is why the quark has a fractional charge, but it cannot be detected. From the condition of the Dirac charge quantization, the fractional charge does not satisfy the charge quantization condition, so it is impossible to observe it in real spacetime. Otherwise we will be able to detect the magnetic monopole. However, quark's fractional charge constructs different baryon structures and is supported by strong experimental evidence. This shows that the quark's fractional charge is reasonable. At least there is strong indirect support. Therefore, any newly created particle model should at least have a quark model as a subset. It can be seen from the analysis of this paper that the virtual spacetime particle model contains the quark model and can predict the all predicted results of quark models. But the virtual spacetime particle model has a larger range and can predict new particles that the quark model cannot predict. By analyzing the meson model in the virtual spacetime particle model, we find that in addition to the currently discovered Higgs boson, there are two Higgs bosons with positive and negative charges in nature. The Bosons are positive and negative particles, and their energy range is at the range of 110~140GeV, which should be found on LHC and other colliders.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[943] viXra:1902.0266 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-02 05:36:21

Inverse Electric-Nuclear Field

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 9 Pages.

The electrically charged particles cause electrical induction of positive and negative units in the dynamic space, with result inverse electric fields are created. So, the nuclear force is interpreted as an electric force, 100 times stronger than the maximum electric force of the outer electric field that extends beyond the potential barrier. Moreover, the braking radiation emitted from rapidly moving electrons as they are passing close to the nucleus is confirmed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[942] viXra:1902.0166 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-10 04:43:55

“Resemblance of Neutrinos with Different Quantum–Oscillating Flavor and Mass“

Authors: Imrich Krištof
Comments: 10 Pages.

This presented tech–science paper is focused on main themes of evolution and history of research of neutrinos – elusive elementary particles. The highlights is dedicated to the scheme of born and reborn and cascade decay hierarchic high energy particles, called hyperons (lambda, sigma, xi, epsilon, omega) and main position particles called mezons (mion, pion, kaon, rhó meson, éta meson, phí meson, omega meson, J/Ψ (J-Psí meson), h1 meson, a0-meson f1, f2 meson). This Sun or starshowers fall in energetic clusters and clouds on each cm-2, of Earth’s surface (φ average flux of neutrinos 10 billions neutrinos on cm2/sec. (1010 cm-2.s-1) for Eν > 7 MeV ->~ 106 cm-2.s-1). Cross section of neutrinos is very small σνN = 10-42 m2 – 10-48 m2 = 10-19 barn, 1 barn is an unit of cross section. In the Ending part of starshowers the photons, phonons and electron, mion, and tauon are detected in photomultipliers and scintillators, like a Cherenkov radiation – hyperrelativistic electrons, photons and mions and tauons, visually Fig. 4 Neutrino Detector SUDBURY(SNO) Canada. The main part of paper is focused on NEUTRINO FLAVOR AND MASS. According Pauli and Fermi–Dirac and Bose–Einstein Statistical Laws each particle is conjugated with its own antiparticles: electron (e-) and positron (e+), electron neutrino and electron antineutrino, quark beauty / bottom and antiquark beauty / bottom. In the text is not forget the facts about 11 NOVEMBER 1974 – particles J/Ψ REVOLUTION MESONS J/Ψ consist of beauty quark and beauty antiquark. The Pioneer work of Clyde L. Cowan, Jr. and Frederick Reines in Hanford and Savannah River Plant lead to fundamental discovery and detection of neutrinos. On Fig. 7 is described Cowan–Reines Neutrino Experiment. In the End of this text is situation of Neutrinos and The Standard Model of particles. The goal of this work is clarified the evolution and theoretical background of elementary particles – neutrinos.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[941] viXra:1902.0043 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-05 10:24:11

The Origin of the Experimental Weinberg Angle

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Here, within the non-perturbative Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we derived the Paschos-Wolfenstein (PW) relationship. The derivation shows the true origin of the experimental Weinberg angle. We also showed that the PW ratio leads to the CP-violation sector in the PMNS matrix.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[940] viXra:1901.0450 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-01 11:51:13

Why Is the Weak Mixing Angle in Electroweak Theory not Consistent with the Experimental Result?

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

In some experiments for the weak mixing angle we get the values close to 0.2223 while the electroweak (EW) theory within the Standard Model (SM) leads to the value of 0.23122(3). Here we show that such a discrepancy of 4% is a result of incorrect interpretation of the measured value. Moreover, we show that such discrepancy does not appear in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) - we obtain 0.22229.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[939] viXra:1901.0364 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-26 07:28:55

An Illusion of Periodic Changes in Survival Probability for Neutrino Oscillations

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

Here we showed that the atom-like structure of baryons described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) leads to an illusion of periodic changes in survival probability for neutrino oscillations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[938] viXra:1901.0226 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-01 09:10:10

The Relationship Between CKM and PMNS Matrices in the CP-Violation Sectors

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 10 Pages.

There are two minima in the global distribution for the mixing angle (23) in the PMNS matrix. It suggests that there are two different phenomena. We described them within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The two minima lead to two invariants for a certain relationship between the CKM and PMNS matrices in the CP-violation sectors. We also showed how SST is related to the orthodox PMNS matrix and we calculated the maximum allowed CP violation in the leptonic sector parameterized by the Jarlskog determinant - our value is 0.03291. Presented here model allows us to understand the electroweak interactions of baryons.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[937] viXra:1901.0176 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-15 11:54:06

What is the Magnetic Moment of Electron Spin?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 6 Pages.

According to the unified theory of dynamic space the inductive-inertial phenomenon has been developed, forming the grouping units (namely electric charges or forms of the electric field). Moreover, with the surface electric charges of the electron cortex its inverse electric fields are formed. By the above phenomena the actual theoretical value of the magnetic dipole moment of electron spin is proved as equal to the experimental measurement.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[936] viXra:1901.0121 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-08 20:10:55

The Charged Higgs-like Bosons Have Already Been Observed by ATLAS and CMS

Authors: Mario Everaldo de Souza
Comments: 5 Pages. Just a small correction

Taking into account a very solid quark compositeness model, based on the electrical charge densities of the nucleons found by R. Hofstadter, R. Herman, L. Durand and R. R. Wilson in the early 1960s, from which a new quantum number is deduced, and the experimental data on the Higgs boson obtained by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations, this article shows that these collaborations have already seen the charged Higgs-like bosons by means of the WW channel. The data also imply that the charged and neutral Higgs-like bosons have similar masses, and that the Higgs-like bosons have odd parity like the other fundamental bosons of Nature. The ratio between the productions of charged to neutral Higgs-like bosons is calculated.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[935] viXra:1901.0013 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 21:40:36

Grosse Fugue and E8-Cl(16) Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 90 Pages.

The Structure of Beethoven’s Grosse Fugue (Opus 133 and 134) corresponds to Cl(16) - E8 Physics (viXra 1810.0365) and the evolution of our Universe and Human civilization. The Grosse Fugue correpondences with Cl(16) - E8 are shown in this paper using visualizations by Stephen Malinowski. Version 4 (v4) includes links to some mov files of visualizations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[934] viXra:1901.0013 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-08 15:30:42

Grosse Fugue and E8-Cl(16) Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 89 Pages.

The Structure of Beethoven’s Grosse Fugue (Opus 133 and 134) corresponds to Cl(16) - E8 Physics (viXra 1810.0365) and the evolution of our Universe and Human civilization. The Grosse Fugue correpondences with Cl(16) - E8 are shown in this paper using visualizations by Stephen Malinowski.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[933] viXra:1901.0013 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-04 21:57:02

Beethoven’s Grosse Fugue (Opus 133) is an Outline of the E8 of Cl(16) Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 76 Pages.

The Overture to Beethoven’s Grosse Fugue (Opus 133) is an Outline of the E8 of Cl(16) Physics. Visualizations of Beethoven’s Grosse Fugue (Opus 133) by Stephen Malinowski show details of the correspondences between the Grosse Fugue and E8. Since Beethoven wrote the Grosse Fugue in 1825, two years before his death in 1827, and since the E8 Lie Algebra and the Cl(16) Real Clifford Algebra in which it lives were not known to the mathematics community until Marius Sophus Lie and Wilhelm Killing invented Lie Algebras in the 1870s and 1880s and William Kingdon Clifford invented Clifford Algebras in 1878 it was not possible for Beethoven to have used the mathematics knowledge of his day in writing the Grosse Fugue but the correspondences between the Grosse Fugue Oveture and the E8 Lie Algebra are far too extensive to be mere coincidence. A possible explanation could be that (Appendix on Quantum Consciousness - page 10) our conscious brains have structure similar to the structure of E8 so that when Beethoven was composing, looking deep inside his conscious brain to “hear” music mentally that he could not hear normally because of his deafness, he was “seeing” basic structures similar to E8. Human quantum consciousness is based on microtubules containing maximally about 65,536 Tubulin Dimers. E8 lives in the 65,536-dimensional Real Clifford Algebra Cl(16). Cl(16) is the basic structure of Our Universe (viXra 1810.0365) so Beethoven could have been “seeing” in his mind that the E8 inside Cl(16) looks like part of the structure of microtubules of his consciousness and then writing that structure into the Grosse Fugue. A similar line of reasoning might explain correspondences between Cl(16) Physics and the Archetype images of Jung’s Red Book (Appendix on Red Book Physics - page 24).
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[932] viXra:1812.0144 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-13 18:40:24

Diffusion Limited Aggregation and the Spiderweb Distribution of Dark Matter on Galactic Scales

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 6 Pages. First draft.

It was recently found that multivariable flows from the ultraviolet (UV) to the infrared (IR) sector of field theory display universal properties. Under the assumption that these flows develop outside equilibrium, they can reproduce the dynamic content of the Standard Model (SM) and shed light on the physics of Dark Matter structures. Here we explore a scenario where the spiderweb patterns of Dark Matter on galactic scales arise from a process resembling three-dimensional Diffusion Limited Aggregation (DLA). Key words: Strange Attractors, Standard Model, Dark Matter, Cantor Dust, Diffusion Limited Aggregation.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[931] viXra:1811.0504 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-20 07:21:37

A Simple Field-Theoretical Treatment of the Magnetodynamic Nature of Mass for Baryons.

Authors: Osvaldo F. Schilling
Comments: 20 Pages. A third figure is added, with further comparison with data.

Baryons are considered as dressed protons, resulting from perturbations of magnetodynamic origin built upon a background sea of excitations at about 3.7 GeV. In order to simulate perturbations from such a state a sum over the energy spectrum of excitations is necessary. A Zeta-function regularization procedure previously adopted for the Casimir Effect is applied to eliminate divergences when the sum upon the energy spectrum states is carried out. States of negative energy compared to the background state are obtained and represent the baryons. The periodic behavior of the baryons masses with confined magnetic flux is reproduced with no further forms of energies required besides the magnetodynamic terms.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[930] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-17 02:48:18

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[929] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-10 22:04:20

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 11 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[928] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-03 05:17:32

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 10 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[927] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-28 04:53:02

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 10 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[926] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-24 18:51:43

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 10 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[925] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-23 01:33:49

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 10 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[924] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-20 07:10:12

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 11 Pages. Finished

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[923] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-17 19:59:28

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 10 Pages. final version

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[922] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-16 10:19:22

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 10 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[921] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-14 23:57:29

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 10 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[920] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-12 23:13:19

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 10 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[919] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-11 05:29:22

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 10 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[918] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-09 01:00:49

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 11 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[917] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-08 03:23:16

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 11 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[916] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-03 22:01:47

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 11 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[915] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-01 22:28:11

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 11 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[914] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-30 03:59:35

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 11 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[913] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-28 03:58:30

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[912] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-25 01:21:50

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[911] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-22 05:07:15

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[910] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-21 10:53:01

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[909] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-17 00:52:08

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[908] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-16 04:02:29

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[907] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 01:42:48

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[906] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-11 20:26:04

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[905] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-11 04:59:54

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[904] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-07 18:43:15

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[903] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-28 02:00:52

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[902] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-22 22:44:49

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[901] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-18 06:59:53

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[900] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-15 19:00:00

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[899] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-11 19:16:03

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[898] viXra:1811.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-30 08:56:49

Matter Theory of Expanded Maxwell Equations

Authors: Wu Sheng-Ping
Comments: 11 Pages.

This article try to unified the four basic forces by Maxwell equations, the only experimental theory. Self-consistent Maxwell equation with the e-current from matter current is proposed, and is solved to four kinds of electrons and the structures of particles. The static properties and decay and scattering are reasoned, all meet experimental data. The equation of general relativity sheerly with electromagnetic field is discussed as the base of this theory. In the end the conformation elementarily between this theory and QED and weak theory is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[897] viXra:1811.0185 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-16 04:12:32

What is a Neutrino?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 4 Pages.

The emission of antineutrinos is interpreted by the inductive-inertial phenomenon as independent E/M formations, which are created when a neutron breaks down into a proton and an electron (beta decay). Specifically, at the contact limits of the neutron quarks, due to the acceleration of the surface charges of the neutron cortex, the adjacent opposite units are strongly accelerated, causing grouping units outside the neutron cortex as independent E/M formations of one spindle.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[896] viXra:1811.0114 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-09 10:44:25

Theory of Fermion Masses, Mixing, Lagrangian Potentials and Weak Beta Decays, Based on Higgs Bosons Arising from the Scalar Fields of a Kaluza Klein Theory with Five-Dimensional General Covariance Provided by Dirac’s Quantum Theory of the Electron

Authors: Jay R. Yablon
Comments: 224 Pages.

Why the twelve elementary fermions have the masses they have (and what the neutrino masses actually are) is one of the deepest unsolved mysteries of modern physics. We crack this puzzle using a theory of fermion masses which succeeds in reparameterizing all twelve fermion masses in terms of other known parameters to which their theoretical interconnections have not heretofore been understood. The first step is to “repair” long-recognized perplexities of Kaluza-Klein theory using Dirac’s quantum theory of the electron to enforce general covariance across all five dimensions. One consequence of this is the emergence of a modified Dirac equation for fermions which naturally contains the Kaluza-Klein scalar. After establishing a connection between this Kaluza-Klein scalar and the standard model Higgs scalar, we use the latter to theoretically connect the known masses of all the quarks and charged leptons to the CKM and PMNS mixing angles and matrix components and several other parameters which have not previously been connected to these masses. Then, after using the Newton gravitational constant and the Fermi vacuum to establish a sum of neutrino masses in the exact range expected from experiments, it also becomes possible to predict the rest masses of the three flavors of neutrino. Also predicted are the existence and rest mass of a second leptonic Higgs boson, and tighter values for several other known parameters including the mass of the established Higgs boson. Uncovered as well, is a deep role for the cosmological neutrino background (CvB) and Higgs fields in triggering and facilitating weak interaction beta decay events.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[895] viXra:1811.0025 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-28 16:59:05

Estimation and Prediction of Neutrino Mass Based on the Kinetic Theory of Gases

Authors: Hejie LinHejie Lin, Tsung-Wu Lin
Comments: 6 Pages.

Neutrinos and molecules co-exist in space. Because both have physical properties of mass and speed, it is a logical assumption that neutrinos can interact with molecules according to the kinetic theory of gases. If neutrinos interact with gases such as nitrogen and oxygen, the mass of neutrino can be estimated using the kinetic theory of gases. According to the kinetic theory of gases, the estimated mass of a neutrino is 6.27 x 10^-38 [kg] or 0.0352 [eV/c^2]. The goal of this estimation is to predict an approximate mass of neutrinos.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[894] viXra:1810.0365 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-19 17:53:11

Geisteswissenschaft and Cl(16) Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 277 Pages.

Geisteswissenschaft is the term Rudolf Steiner used for study of the Spirit World and how it relates to the Physical World described by Cl(16) - E8 - Fr3(O) - Cl(1,25) Physics of viXra 1807.0166 and 1804.0121 (called herein Cl(16) Physics) and to Human History, including the Human HIstory shown by the National Geographic Genographic project. Cl(16) Physics shows that orr Universe originated with Finkelstein Iteration of Real Clifford Algebras from the Void ( First Grothendieck Universe ) to Cl(16) ( Second Grothendieck Universe) whose BiVectors and two quarter-Spinors ( ++ and -- ) give Cl(16) Physics and whose TriVectors give Fr3(O) String Theory leading to a Cl(1,25) Algebraic Quantum Field Theory ( AQFT ) that generalizes Hyperfinite II1 von Neumann factor Fock Space from 2-Periodic Complex Clifford Algebra to 8-Periodic Real Clifford Algebra to get the Third Grothendieck Universe. Rudolf Steiner used his Geisteswissenschaft to construct the First Goetheneanum in 1913 (it was burned down by arson in 1922) with structural designs corresponding to the structure of Cl(16) Physics. He viewed History as a succession of 7 cultures which I would call (also using the chronology of Manetho): Polarea (during Octonionic Inflation) (Spirit World) - Hyperborea (Quaternionic, following Inflation) (Spirit World) - Lemuria (50,000 years ago) (Spirit and Physical Worlds) - Angkor and Rig Veda - Atlantis (40,000 years ago) (Sprit and Physical Worlds) - Pyramids and Sphinx - Era of Demigods - connection with Spirit World declines - Era of Spirits of the Dead - Spirit World is only a memory - Era of Mortal Humans - Technology dominates Spirit until 2012. Version 2 (v2) adds 45 Overview Slides as Appendix III.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics