High Energy Particle Physics

1804 Submissions

[7] viXra:1804.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-19 17:53:50

The Relation of Particle Sequence to Atomic Sequence

Authors: Jeff Yee, Yingbo Zhu, Goufu Zhou
Comments: 11 pages

In this paper, we take the first steps of simplifying particles into a linear function that organizes particles based on their particle number, similar to how atoms are arranged by atomic number. This repeats the method that was used to organize atomic elements and create the Periodic Table of Elements in the 1800s. The solution to linearize particles into a predictable function is not as simple as atomic elements, but it does exist. We will introduce an equation that fits known particles into a linear function and enables the prediction of future particles based on missing energy levels. It also predicts an exact mass of the neutrino. To accomplish this, particles are first organized by particle numbers, similar to atomic numbers in the Periodic Table of Elements and then charted against their known Particle Data Group energy levels. The results show similarities between particles and atomic elements – in both total numbers in formation and also in numbers where both are known to be more stable.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[6] viXra:1804.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-20 09:34:32

Muon Spin Tales

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Scientists at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories are collaborating to test a magnetic property of the muon. Their experiment could point to the existence of physics beyond our current understanding, including undiscovered particles. [14] Muons are mysterious, and scientists are diving deep into the particle to get a handle on a property that might render it—and the universe—a little less mysterious. [13] For elementary particles, such as muons or neutrinos, the magnetic force applied to such charges is unique and immutable. However, unlike the electric charge, the magnetic force strength is not quantised. [12] Particle physics and decorative glassware are two disciplines that don't often meet. But given the striking results of a recent artist-scientist collaboration, perhaps that could change. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[5] viXra:1804.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-16 16:39:04


Authors: Valdhaorna Istri
Comments: 1 Page.

Announcing a new encyclopedia that does not censor knowledge.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[4] viXra:1804.0164 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-03 10:21:50

The Conditions, Influences, and Effects Relating to the Concept of a Universal Particle

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 8 Pages.

Abstract At its deepest level, informational reality is indivisible. The structure of indivisible reality can only be identified and described by means of predictive algebra. However, divisible informational processes are different measurements to the divisible whole. I refer to these different measurements as being units of the whole. I debate that in the pre-space continuum of irreducible reality, reducible informational processes may appear as the same processes. Furthermore, these two processes are inseparable. I suggest that this inseparability is an effect that is informationally representative of the imaginary matrix of reality. It is my opinion that it is impossible to measure the units of reaction between the energy type forces of holistic reality but it is possible to measure the influences and effects of the reaction of these forces. This demonstrates the entangled nature of indivisible and divisible forces in the matrix of reality. I have described two new particles. One I have entitled a Universal particle and the other one a Minus particle. I have demonstrated how the properties and effects of the Universal particle may have informationally emerged through its relationship with the Minus particle. By so doing, I demonstrate how the Universal particle can traverse all universes and dimensions. This also means that it can be seen as the reality particle. conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[3] viXra:1804.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-09 12:55:36

Unprecedented Neutrino Measurement

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

This week, a group of scientists working on the MiniBooNE experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermilab reported a breakthrough: They were able to identify exactly-known-energy muon neutrinos hitting the atoms at the heart of their particle detector. [19] In a study published in Physical Review Letters, collaborators of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an experiment led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, have shown they can shield a sensitive, scalable 44-kilogram germanium detector array from background radioactivity. [18] The study has put the most stringent limits on the probability of a rare event—a neutrinoless double beta decay of tellurium-130 nuclei. This event can only occur if a neutrino can be its own antiparticle. [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[2] viXra:1804.0121 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-19 16:54:18

E8 Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 446 Pages.

This paper describes a research program based on the 240 E8 Root Vectors encoding the basic structure of a Unified Theory of Fundamental Physics by forming a local classical Lagrangian for the Standard Model plus Gravity and Dark Energy. The Root Vectors know where they belong in the Lagrangian because of their place in the geometric structure of E8 and its related symmetric spaces such as: E8 / D8 = 128-dim (OxO)P2; E8 / E7 x SU(2) = 112-dim set of (QxO)P2 in (OxO)P2; D8 / D4 x D4 = 64-dim Gr(8,16). Embedding E8 local classical Lagrangian into Cl(0,16) Clifford Algebra and taking the completion of the union of all tensor products of all the Cl(0,16)s produces a generalization of hyperfinite II1 von Neumann factor fermionic Fock space forming a global AQFT describing spacetime, the Standard Model, and Gravity with Dark Energy. The structure is related to unconventional 26D String Theory by Cl(0,16) -> Cl(0,16)xCl(0,8) = Cl(0,24) -> M(2,Cl(0,24)) = Cl(1,25). Completion of Union of All Tensor Products of Cl(1,25) = 2x2 matrices of Cl(0,24) is the String Theory formulation of the hyperfinite AQFT. The Cl(1,25) of 26D String Theory contains Cl(0,16) which contains E8 whose root vectors describe a Lagrangian for the Standard Model and Gravity + Dark Energy. The paper describes physical interpretations of the 240 Root Vectors and how they are used in calculating force strengths, particle masses, Kobayashi-Maskawa parameters, Dark Energy : Dark Matter : Ordinary Matter ratios, etc. that can be compared with Experimental Observations which are given up to and including the 2016 run of the LHC in the Higgs -> ZZ -> 4l channel which is relevant to the E8 Physics prediction of 3 Mass States of the Higgs and Truth Quark. Version 3 (v3) corrects particle identification of E8 Root Vectors in a diagram. Version 4 (v4) adds material about LHCP Bologna 2018. Version 5 (v5) adds adds material about the two D4 subalgebras of E8.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1] viXra:1804.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-04 10:52:25

Particle Accelerator for Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

DESY scientists have created a miniature particle accelerator for electrons that can perform four different functions at the push of a button. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics