[11] **viXra:1307.0170 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-07-30 16:29:15*

**Authors:** Michael Emerson

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Presented here is a new relation between particle mass and decay products.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1307.0135 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-07-25 07:37:40*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 47 Pages.

This is the first partial draft of a paper under development to further elaborate the author’s thesis presented in several earlier-published papers, that baryons including protons and neutrons are Yang-Mills magnetic monopoles, and to respond to queries and comments received with respect to these earlier papers. This paper fully develops the non-linear aspects of Yang-Mills gauge theory and applies these to the inverses used to populate the Yang-Mills magnetic monopolies with quarks and turn them into baryons and give rise to QCD. We also show how the perturbations in these inverses, which arise from the non-linear theory, create a pseudo-mass term which is responsible for the short-range of the nuclear interaction, notwithstanding the zero-mass gluon gauge fields.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1307.0133 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-02-22 13:28:32*

**Authors:** Gene H Barbee

**Comments:** 30 Pages. Please comment. genebarbee@msn.com

Experiments at high energy labs have resulted in a large volume of data regarding 197 unstable baryon and meson particles (as of 2014). Experimenters gather this information with the goal of understanding the basic principles that give these particles their masses, decay times and other properties.
This paper extends a theory that accurately matches the neutron and proton mass to the remainder of the baryons and mesons. It is shown that baryons and mesons are composed of quarks and kinetic energy components similar to the proton and neutron. Energy from particle accelerator induced collisions is turned into quarks and kinetic energy inside mesons before they quickly decay into electrons/positrons, neutrinos and kinetic energy. Baryons also decay but neutrons and protons are in their decay products. Three quarks express themselves as a baryon while one quark and one anti-quark express themselves as mesons. The goals of this study are to:
• Calculate the meson and baryon masses using rules that accurately simulate the proton and neutron.
• Explain the basic energies that form mesons and baryons and show that they form a series.
• Show diagrams of the baryons and mesons.
• Explain the process that allows transition to new combinations of mesons and baryons and ultimately to protons, neutrons, electrons, neutrinos and energy.
• Explain the mechanism for decay and correlate all the particle decay times using the approach that accurately simulates neutron decay time.
• Identify the quarks in the mesons and baryons and compare their properties with Particle Data Group iso-spin, spin and charge.
• Suggest a mechanism for decay modes and correlate branching for a few example particles.
Results: All mesons and baryons masses and decay times are matched within measurement limits with the exception of the mu and pi (mass out by 0.003 MeV). In addition, all meson and baryon iso-spins are accurately matched. Most spins are matched except those with spins greater than 1.0. Branching ratio examples are shown.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1307.0132 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-07-25 00:44:59*

**Authors:** Leihua Liu

**Comments:** 6 Pages. This work has shown that a new picture in the particle, which has illustrated a new principle of quark confinement and the micro-oringin of force in the scale of particle.

By the analogy with Special Relativity, it shows that there is a fundamental length in three-dimensional space, in which the dimension of time has been a constant,
and the remaining coordinates are satisfied with the same mathematical structure as the Lorentz transformation. According to the hypothesis,
the energy $\omega_i$ is corresponding to the $x_i$, and the force $\emph{F}$ is analogous with coordinate $\emph{t}$.
After proceeding with this, there is a natural way to explain the quark confinement. Finally, this theory is promoted to the
curved situation, where the origination of cosmological constant $\Lambda$ is connected with three-dimensional curvature.
In addition, it also can construct the relationship between thermodynamics and statistical mechanics(TSM) and three-dimensional Einstein theory.
Under the correspondence of three-dimensional cosmology, the new physical meaning of revolutionary factor R can be found.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1307.0107 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-07-22 14:38:23*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The dark energy density of the vacuum, widely regarded as the cause of the cosmological constant, may derive from zero-point energy in the 5-sphere of AdS5 x S5 spacetime. The dark energy density scales inversely as the volume of the 5-sphere and has the value 1.33 x 10-123, in Planck units, at the length scale of the Bohr radius, which seems to be the characteristic length scale of the vacuum. The value of dark energy density calculated in this way is consistent with the value, 1.29 ± 0.07 x 10-123, calculated from the WMAP 9-year six-parameter ΛCDM fit. The Bohr radius, dark energy density and, therefore, cosmological constant derive from the geometry of spacetime and can be written in elegant form in Planck units.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1307.0094 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-09-11 21:34:14*

**Authors:** Kamal L Rajpal

**Comments:** 4 Pages

The photon has several properties that distinguish it from all other subatomic particles. It is the only elementary particle wherein a high energy photon can split up into two or more low energy photons (down conversion) and vice versa (up conversion). This transformation conforms to the laws of conservation of momentum and of energy. Down conversion implies that as per the law of conservation of mass, a high frequency photon should have more rest mass or invariant mass than a low frequency photon.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1307.0047 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-07-08 17:57:40*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Lockheed Martin Skunk Works Cusp Plasma Fusion project described by Charles Chase at Google "Solve for X" event February 2013 seems likely to be related to development of a Fusion-Powered Rocket engine.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1307.0044 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-07-08 12:56:29*

**Authors:** Javier Leonardo Quintanar Gonzalez

**Comments:** 82 Pages. Thesis in Spanish.

In this Work it was shown that the bispinors eigenstates imply different physical phenomena
in relativistic quantum mechanics, if they are constructed with the relative phase factor introduced between 2-spinors.
This fact opposes the non-relativistic theory. Thus, the pahse factor has importance. The consequences of the
basis choice are also studied. The basis is understood as the linear independent system of the
field functions which generate the spinor space. I choose this system in such a way that the functions are not
the eigenstates of the S_z, but the eigenstates of the helicity operator. I call this basis as the helicity basis.
The representations (1/2,0)+(0,1/2) and (1,0)+(0,1) are consiidered. As a result, the corresponding state functions
have different behaviour with respect to the parity and the charge conjugation comparing with the usual basis.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1307.0042 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-07-08 10:09:58*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

We report a method for expressing the neutron and proton masses within experimental errors, exclusively as a function of the up and down current quark masses and charges, the Fermi vev, and the CKM quark mixing matrix. In the process, we develop a mass and mixing matrix which may possibly be helpful for characterizing other baryon masses and better pinpointing higher-generational quark masses.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1307.0023 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-07-04 15:26:01*

**Authors:** Malcolm H. MacGregor

**Comments:** Pages.

The equation for the fine structure constant α~1/137 is expanded to include (1) radii (as αsubr), and (2) Compton constituent masses (as αsubm). It then has the E=mc^2 form of a dynamical Einstein mass generator, wherein a reservoir of electromagnetic energy E=e^2/r undergoes an αsubm-defined phase transition in which it is adiabatically expanded radially by a factor of 137 and transformed into a Compton-sized mechanical (non-electromagnetic) unit mass quantum mc^2. The classical electron (Thomson) radius rsube = e^2/(msube c^2) anchors the mass spectrum. Four phase-transition channels (electron, boson, fermion, gauge boson) accurately create lepton, constituent-quark, ground-state hadron, and average-gauge-boson masses.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1307.0009 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-07-02 09:09:32*

**Authors:** Keith D. Foote

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

This paper describes pair annihilation and pair production with a view towards using pair annihilation as an alternative energy source. To that end, the Ultra-Space Field Theory is used as a functional model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics