High Energy Particle Physics

1703 Submissions

[13] viXra:1703.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-31 08:29:30

How Proton get its Spin?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

Researchers first thought that each proton consisted entirely of only three quarks, which together determined the spin. Quarks are elementary particles that scientists have not been able to break down into smaller parts. [12] Particle physics experiments conducted at the CERN, DESY, JLab, RHIC, and SLAC laboratories have revealed that only about 30% of the proton's spin is carried by the spin of its quark constituents. [11] A team of physicists suggested that the fundamental building unit proton can alter its structure under certain circumstances. Scientists are now performing experiments to show that the structure of protons can change inside the nucleus under certain conditions. [10] Exotic Mesons and Hadrons are high energy states of Quark oscillations. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[12] viXra:1703.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-31 09:57:26

Part II - Gravity, Anomaly Cancellation, Anomaly Matching, and the Nucleus

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 9 Pages.

Here we provide a consistent solution of the baryon asymmetry problem. The same model is also able to tell us as to what is the mathematical basis of the ”equivalence principle” (i.e. the inertial mass being equal to the gravitational mass). We are also able to see as to wherefrom arises the semi-simple group structure of hadrons as SU (2) I ⊗U (1) B (of the pre-eightfold-way-model period). Thus we are able to understand the origin of the Gell-Mann-Nishijima expression for the electric charges, Q = I 3 + B 2 . This paper is in continuation of my recent paper, ”Gravity, Anomaly Cancellation, Anomaly Matching, and the Nucleus” (syedafsarabbas.blogspot.in).
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[11] viXra:1703.0293 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-02 09:33:24

Spin’s Meaning, Characterization and Calculation In New Particle Physics

Authors: Yibing Qiu
Comments: 2 Pages.

Abstract: giving aviewpoint with regards to the spins of elementary particles from first principle;in the particular, about the proton’s spin meaning, characterization andcalculation in the consistent and definite form that suitable to it in all of differentstates.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[10] viXra:1703.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-28 03:08:24

Masses of the Five New Narrow States of Neutral Charmed Omega Baryon Calculated Within the Atom-Like Structure of Baryons

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 4 Pages.

The phase transitions of the inflation field, which are described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), lead to the atom-like structure of baryons. Here, within such a model, we calculated mass of the charged charmed Xi baryon (2467.89 MeV) and mass of neutral one (2468.51 MeV). We calculated also mass of ground state of the neutral charmed Omega baryon (2949.02 MeV) - it is below the threshold mass (2961.61 MeV) for the decay to charged charmed Xi (2467.93) and charged kaon (493.68 MeV), and we calculated masses of the five new narrow states of the neutral charmed Omega baryon with a mass of 2949.02 MeV: 3000 MeV (it is the ground state above the threshold mass), 3051 MeV, 3067 MeV, 3084 MeV, and 3118 MeV. We showed as well that there should be a structure around 3186 MeV. Within presented here model, we calculated mass of the charm quark (1276.4 MeV).
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[9] viXra:1703.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-26 04:15:06

Preons, Standard Model and Gravity with Torsion

Authors: Risto Raitio
Comments: 12 Pages.

A preon model for the substructure of the the standard model quarks and leptons is discussed. Global group representations for preons, quarks and leptons are addressed using two preons and their antiparticles. The preon construction endorses the standard model gauge group structure. Preons are subject to electromagnetic and gravitational interactions only. Gravity with torsion, expressed as an axial-vector field, is applied to preons in the energy range between GUT and Planck scale. The mass of the axial-vector particle is estimated to be near the GUT scale. A tentative model for quantum gravity, excluding black holes, is considered.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[8] viXra:1703.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-25 10:40:25

Physical Origin, Basic Attribute and Action Feature of Nuclear Forces

Authors: Yibing Qiu
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: givingphysical origin, basic attributes and action features of nuclear forces derives from first principles and expressed in an explicit form.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[7] viXra:1703.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-23 11:17:29

Laser Wakefield Accelerators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

An outstanding conundrum on what happens to the laser energy after beams are fired into plasma has been solved in newly-published research at the University of Strathclyde. [11] Researchers at Lund University and Louisiana State University have developed a tool that makes it possible to control extreme UV light-light with much shorter wavelengths than visible light. [10] Tiny micro-and nanoscale structures within a material's surface are invisible to the naked eye, but play a big role in determining a material's physical, chemical, and biomedical properties. [9] A team of researchers led by Leo Kouwenhoven at TU Delft has demonstrated an on-chip microwave laser based on a fundamental property of superconductivity, the ac Josephson effect. They embedded a small section of an interrupted superconductor, a Josephson junction, in a carefully engineered on-chip cavity. Such a device opens the door to many applications in which microwave radiation with minimal dissipation is key, for example in controlling qubits in a scalable quantum computer. [8] University of Warsaw have generated ultrashort laser pulses in an optical fiber with a method previously considered to be physically impossible. [7] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light in Erlangen have discovered a new mechanism for guiding light in photonic crystal fiber (PCF). [6] Scientists behind a theory that the speed of light is variable-and not constant as Einstein suggested-have made a prediction that could be tested. [5] Physicists' greatest hope for 2015, then, is that one of these experiments will show where Einstein got off track, so someone else can jump in and get closer to his long-sought " theory of everything. " This article is part of our annual "Year In Ideas" package, which looks forward to the most important science stories we can expect in the coming year. It was originally published in the January 2015 issue of Popular Science. [4] The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[6] viXra:1703.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-23 08:50:41

Gravity, Anomaly Cancellation, Anomaly Matching, and the Nucleus

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 12 Pages.

In the Standard Model there has been the well known issue of charge quantization arising from the anomalies and with or without spontaneous symmetry breaking being brought into it. It is well known that in the purely anomalies case, unexpectedly there pops in a so called "bizarre" solution. We discuss this issue and bring in the 't Hooft anomaly matching condition to find a resolution of the above bizarreness conundrum. We find a completely consistent solution with a unique single nucleon-lepton chiral family. We find that at low energies, the nucleus should be understood as made up of fundamental proton and neutron and where quarks play no role whatsoever. In addition it provides a new understanding and consistent solutions of some long standing basic problems in nuclear physics, like the quenching of the Gamow-Teller strength in nuclei and the issue of the same "effective charge" of magnitude 1/2 for both neutron and proton in the nucleus. Fermi kind of four-fermion-point-interaction appears as an exact (non-gauge) result.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[5] viXra:1703.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-14 07:31:38

Electron Stability Approach to Finite Quantum Electrodynamics

Authors: Dean Chlouber
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper analyses electron stability and applies the resulting stability principle to resolve divergence issues in quantum electrodynamics without mass and charge renormalization. Stability is enforced by requiring that the positive electromagnetic field energy be balanced by a negative interaction energy between the observed electron charge and a local vacuum potential. Then in addition to the observed core mechanical mass m, an electron system consists of two electromagnetic mass components m ±em of equal magnitude M but opposite sign; consequently, the net electromagnetic mass is zero. Two virtual, electromagnetically dressed mass levels m±M, constructed to form a complete set of mass levels and isolate the electron-vacuum interaction, provide essential S-matrix corrections for radiative processes involving infinite field actions. Total scattering amplitudes for radiative corrections are shown to be convergent in the limit M → ∞ and equal to renormalized amplitudes when Feynman diagrams for all mass levels are included. In each case the infinity in the core mass amplitude is canceled by the average amplitude for dressed mass levels, which become separated in intermediate states and account for the stabilizing interaction energy between an electron and its surrounding polarized vacuum.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[4] viXra:1703.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-14 07:46:39

Dark Gauge Bosons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

The dark photon (A'), the gauge boson carrier of a hypothetical new force, has been proposed in a wide range of Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) theories, and could serve as our window to an entire dark sector. [26] In an abandoned gold mine one mile beneath Lead, South Dakota, the cosmos quiets down enough to potentially hear the faint whispers of the universe's most elusive material—dark matter. [25] The PICO bubble chambers use temperature and sound to tune into dark matter particles. [24] A detection device designed and built at Yale is narrowing the search for dark matter in the form of axions, a theorized subatomic particle that may make up as much as 80% of the matter in the universe. [23] The race is on to build the most sensitive U.S.-based experiment designed to directly detect dark matter particles. Department of Energy officials have formally approved a key construction milestone that will propel the project toward its April 2020 goal for completion. [22] Scientists at the Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (CAPP), within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) have optimized some of the characteristics of a magnet to hunt for one possible component of dark matter called axion. [21] The first sighting of clustered dwarf galaxies bolsters a leading theory about how big galaxies such as our Milky Way are formed, and how dark matter binds them, researchers said Monday. [20] Scientists from The University of Manchester working on a revolutionary telescope project have harnessed the power of distributed computing from the UK's GridPP collaboration to tackle one of the Universe's biggest mysteries – the nature of dark matter and dark energy. [18] In the search for the mysterious dark matter, physicists have used elaborate computer calculations to come up with an outline of the particles of this unknown form of matter. [17]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[3] viXra:1703.0075 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-08 14:07:40

Superrelativistic’s and Tachyonic Neutrinos Applied in Modern Nanophysics and Nanochemistry – Graphene, Nano–cage Structured Materials: Clathrates, and Nanocrystals

Authors: Imrich Krištof
Comments: 9 Pages.

This presented publication to discuss about new nanophysical and nanochemical applications in modern nanotechnology, with utilization of superrelativistic and tachyonic neutrinos (hep), high energy particles emitted, for example into the Antarctic Ice Crust (Project AMANDA/Ice Cube) from hard cosmic cascade’s hyperons ksí (Ξ), omega (-Ω ), lambda (Λ) and subsequently mesons pí (π0), ká (κ0), mí (μ), so sunshowers of tauons (super heavy electrons), electrons, photons and neutrinos ντ (tau), νμ (mí) and electron’s neutrinos ν(e-) and probably the fourth neutrino connected with gauge fields -> gauge neutrino and gauge bosons. (Comment 1.: Tauon/lepton τ) has meantime life (decay) 3x10-13 s. With calm mass 1776,84 MeV/c2, compared with proton: 939 MeV and electron 0,511 MeV). Tauon si simultaneously lepton and fermion (spin ½). Top–interesting is behaviour of Möbius Graphene Leaf in electromagnetic fields. (Comment 2.: August Ferdinand Möbius (17.11.1790 – 26.9.1868) German mathematician and theoretical astronomer, far descendant by Martin Luther. Interesting mind–experiment, but also practical nano–chemical experiment is nanoclathrates–plasma nanochemistry and in them incorporated humin organic nanowall and nanolandscape of organic nanomaterials of fulvic and humic acids, with interaction of femtolaser (10-15 s) in 2D and 3D nanolandscape. Advised localities of extraction of fulvic and humic organic materials are in geomorphological region called The Moravian Karst (20 km on the north from Brno City), concretely the middle zone – Eve’s Cave – The Křtiny’s creek valley near Adamov. The significancy of nanoclathrates of humin is like antioxidant and neutralizator of radioactive waste. Special antioxidant substance, so called “MESIPAN”, according to the Czech sci–fi writer Ing. Zdeněk Volný, the novel – “The Gate to Eternity“ (1985). Suggested experiment with WILSON FOG CHAMBER -> hard cosmic rays and accelerated particles and their traces on photographic film. The Super Known Neutrino Event in Nov. 19.,1970) – world’s first observation of a neutrino in a hydrogen bubble chamber. Lattice constant of graphene, carbon nanotubes and Buckminster’s fullerens and fullerit can be easily calculated. Benoît Mandelbrot (The French mathematician (1975)) and Jaromír Korčák (1938), the Czech demograph and geograph were the first in the whole world, who used the fractals and attractors like surface of nanocomposit materials. Nanoclathrates -> Zeolites -> Liquid crystals nano and mesoporous crystals, channeled structures. Utilization of Alumosilicates (CLAY’S MINERALS) for example Montmorillonit – Illit with NEVERENDING CRYSTAL LATTICE ARE SURFACE FUNCTIONALIZATION ADSORBENTS, SO CALLED SORPTION’S COMPLEX IN SOILS (VERY IMPORTANT COMPOUND OF A SOIL) -> LIKE AN INCLUSION COMPLEX -> SUPRAMOLECULAR STRUCTURES. Attention will be dedicated to applications of research for example, so called Ryden Batteries from UNIVERSITY OF KYUSHU, JAPAN, like a predecessor of confinement of author’s pocket tokamak. Like the last part of an article was chosen chapter dedicated to chemical and physical properties of nanocrystals and quaziparticles like the phonons, exciton–polaritons, polarons and plasmons.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[2] viXra:1703.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-07 03:59:53

Spin of the Proton

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

Particle physics experiments conducted at the CERN, DESY, JLab, RHIC, and SLAC laboratories have revealed that only about 30% of the proton's spin is carried by the spin of its quark constituents. [11] A team of physicists suggested that the fundamental building unit proton can alter its structure under certain circumstances. Scientists are now performing experiments to show that the structure of protons can change inside the nucleus under certain conditions. [10] Exotic Mesons and Hadrons are high energy states of Quark oscillations. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1] viXra:1703.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-04 05:24:40

OLYMPUS on Structure of Protons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

A mystery concerning the structure of protons is a step closer to being solved, thanks to a seven-year experiment led by researchers at MIT. [11] A team of physicists suggested that the fundamental building unit proton can alter its structure under certain circumstances. Scientists are now performing experiments to show that the structure of protons can change inside the nucleus under certain conditions. [10] Exotic Mesons and Hadrons are high energy states of Quark oscillations. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics