[7] **viXra:1008.0077 [pdf]**
*submitted on 26 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** J. S. Markovitch

**Comments:** 2 Pages

A "brute force" computer search was made for the most accurate approximations of the experimental
fine structure constant reciprocal in the form (A^a - D^d)/B^b + C^c - E^e, where A, B, C, D, and E were
integers ranging from 0 to 30, while the exponents a, b, and c, were integers ranging from 0 to 3, and d
and e were integers ranging from 0 to -3. Within these restrictions, and ignoring all trivial variants, a
fit better than or equal to 137.036 was achieved only twice, by (10^3
- 10^-3)/3^3 + 10^2 - 10^-3 = 137.036 and (22^3 - 2^-1)/25^2 + 11^2 - 1^-1 = 137.036,
where the search employed a fine structure constant inverse equaling its 2006 CODATA
value of 137.035999679. The comparative simplicity of the first of these approximations, its symmetrical
reuse of the constant 10, and the small size of its integers, together suggest its origin may be physical,
and that the integers 10 and 3 may be important physical constants.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1008.0063 [pdf]**
*submitted on 23 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** John Michael Williams

**Comments:** 13 pages

Numerous upper bounds on the (anti)neutrino rest mass have been published
based on the SN1987A observations. Here, we use a nonkinematic (thermal) time
extent to provide a rest-mass estimate of a few eV (as mc2 energy), if not zero. In
the solution, we find that a typical upper-bound formula for the mass implies that
this thermal extent was attributable to about 10% of the particle energy measured
on Earth. The present approach yields an expected value for the mass, given any
theoretical or model-dependent estimate of the fraction of the detected neutrino
energy attributable to the supernova temperature.
This is a reposting of an old paper which describes an analysis protocol which can
be applied for any supernova for which a population of neutrinos is observed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1008.0057 [pdf]**
*submitted on 20 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** A.G. Kyriakos

**Comments:** 30 Pages.

Two hypotheses of the mass origin are examined: 1) the theory of mass, developed
within the framework of electron theory, and 2) Higgs's mechanism of the mass
generation of Standard Model. The advantages and disadvantages of each of them are
shown. The connections between these two approaches and nonlinear theory of
elementary particles are also noted.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1008.0049 [pdf]**
*submitted on 17 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** R. Wayte

**Comments:** 27 Pages.

AA geometrical/mechanical model of the proton is developed which satisfies
general empirical features. A Yukawa / Paris-type potential due to a mesonic field is
incorporated into Einstein's equations of general relativity to predict a hadronic force
constant, stronger than the fine structure constant by (137/√3) times Proton mass is
expressed in terms of muonic mass building-blocks. Analysis of the magnetic moment
allows substructure modelling, incorporating 2 grades of triplets. Creation of these
component parts is described in terms of action-integrals. The gluon field energy holding
the triplets together is related to total energy. Uniqueness of electromagnetic charge is
attributed to a governing action principle. Finally, a neutron model has been proposed,
consisting of a proton core orbited by a heavy-electron.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1008.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 17 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** R. Wayte

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

A geometrical/mechanical model of the muon has been developed based on a
previous detailed model of the electron and the fine structure constant. The anomalous
magnetic moment and lifetime have been calculated in terms of muon component parts.
Known features of the tauon have also been related to the muon.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1008.0047 [pdf]**
*submitted on 17 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** R. Wayte

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

A geometrical/mechanical model of charmonium has been developed, based on the
logarithmic confinement potential. The quark and antiquark pair orbit around the centre of mass,
with their gluon and colour fields contained within a torus structure of characteristic radius.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1008.0028 [pdf]**
*submitted on 10 Aug 2010*

**Authors:** J. S. Markovitch

**Comments:** 3 pages

It is shown that a particle set possessing electric charges and masses that coincide with those
of the quarks and leptons can be produced with the aid of the symmetry of the cuboctahedron.
Specifically, it is shown that small powers of 4.1 are useful in economically reproducing the quark
and lepton masses, and that these powers - and thereby the masses they represent - can be joined
automatically with their correct values for electric charge with the aid of cuboctahedral symmetry.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics