[14] **viXra:1406.0168 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-07-18 07:34:15*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

We show that the Standard Model (SM) represents a self-contained multifractal set on spacetime having arbitrarily small deviations from four-dimensionality ( ). All coupling charges residing on this background (gauge, Higgs and Yukawa) satisfy a closure relationship that a) tightly constrains the flavor and mass content of the SM and b) naturally solves the “hierarchy problem”, without resorting to new concepts reaching beyond the physics of the SM.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[13] **viXra:1406.0129 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-06-21 00:57:26*

**Authors:** Eui Heung Jeong

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

We propose a model of interactions
in which two states of a quark, a colored and electrically charged state and a colorless and electrically neutral state, can transform into each other through the emission or absorption of a colored and electrically charged gauge boson.
A novel feature of the model is that the colorless and electrically neutral quarks carry away the missing energy in decay processes as do neutrinos.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1406.0127 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-10-03 13:34:50*

**Authors:** Mario Everaldo de Souza

**Comments:** 4 Pages. This is the final version for publication

Considering that each quark is composed of two prequarks it is shown that the recently
found Higgs boson belongs to a triplet of neutral bosons, and that there are two quadruplets of charged Higgs-like bosons. The quantum numbers of these bosons are calculated and shown to be associated to a new kind of hypercharge directly linked to quark compositeness. Particularly, the quantum number of the recently found Higgs boson is identified. A chart for quark decays via virtual Higgs-like bosons is proposed. Justifications for quark compositeness
are presented.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1406.0096 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-06-15 20:29:16*

**Authors:** Victor Christianto

**Comments:** 15 Pages. This article has never been submitted in a journal. Comments and suggestions are welcome.

This article consists of 50 questions related to astrophysics, climate, and other issues. These questions were posted in www.researchgate.net since Aug. 24, 2013 until June 16, 2014. Hopefully these questions can motivate further investigations.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1406.0092 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-06-15 04:45:58*

**Authors:** Vincenzo Maiella

**Comments:** Pages 205, 11 figures

The present book is devoted to the construction of a new theory for the elementary particles. This theory was born in order to resolve some open issues of the Standard Model, among which the research of a general equation for the description of all quantum particles in a unique way. Starting from the Pauli equation, two relativistic partial differential equations are obtained, one to the first and other to the second order, which are able to describe particles with arbitrary spin. The analysis of the energetic spectrum concerning such equations puts in evidence that the particles they describe have an imaginary mass. Then, the probability density study of these equations shows the principle of causality is not satisfied. Therefore, these equations characterize the tachyonic universe. We can see such a universe admits spontaneous symmetry breaking. In general terms, we can establish the broken symmetry might be a global characteristic of the tachyonic universe, due to its negative square energy, which made it unstable. Hence, it is possible to assume that after the hot Big-Bang there was another catastrophic cosmological event – said Big-Break – which made to break down the tachyonic universe in a positive square energy one (bradyonic universe), and from which the four fundamental interactions are probably generated. The transition from tachyonic to bradyonic universe transforms the tachyonic equations in bradyonic ones, being then able to describe elementary particles with arbitrary spin. The first order partial differential equation gives asymmetric quantum states, while the second order partial differential equation gives symmetric quantum states and so they describe different theories. In the course of this work, both these theories will be studied. Either way, only one of the two could be the right theory of the elementary particles. Since this theory follows on from the Big-Bang, from the resultant tachyonic universe and from Big-Break, it has been called α-Theory, i.e. the “beginning theory.” The α-Theory may theoretically predict the experimental properties of neutrinos and anti-neutrinos and allows, thanks to the appendix A, to generalize the concepts of the Dirac sea, Pauli exclusion principle and spin-statistics theorem, thus giving rise to “s-matter” and “multi-statistics,” which are able to take an interesting approach for the explanation of the Dark Matter. Furthermore, it expects on large-scale the “double inflation” mechanism, which, without the Dark Energy, could explain the acceleration of our universe (bradyonic universe). From the α-Theory, two string actions can be deduced too, by which new ideas can be developed. Practically, the α-Theory wants to be a GUT, able to describe the quantum particles and our universe in a simple and elegant way.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1406.0087 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-06-14 07:00:34*

**Authors:** N. Murata, Yoja Panchan

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In this paper, a circuit was conceptually designed which can excite either a positive or a negative mass, using the mass equation derived from the g_equation on the assumption of certain conditions.
This study examined the construction of an element from positive mass in order to establish the above excitation, and how to apply the element.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1406.0080 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-06-13 21:45:42*

**Authors:** John Frederic Sweeney

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

Western nuclear physics contains six types of Quarks, while Vedic Nuclear
Physics accounts for 18 types of Quarks and 18 types of anti – Quarks. The
process of Quark formation is given here, as well as that of Gluons. Moreover,
none of the 89 particles discovered by western physics, including the Higgs
Boson, is a fundamental particle in the sense of the ten fundamental particles
of Vedic Particle Physics. The so – called “God Particle” is a farce of western
physics, since Vishnu resides in every particle. Every particle is a God Particle.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1406.0077 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-11-09 17:31:31*

**Authors:** Thomas B Kerwick

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Astrophysical safety assurances based on White Dwarf (WD) longevity and Neutron Star (NS) longevity were proposed by Giddings and Mangano in the 2008 safety report [1] commissioned at CERN regarding the existential risks to Earth from hypothetical micro black holes (MBH) theorised as potentially creatable in Proton-Proton (P-P) collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in the event that such TeV-scale MBH once produced would be stable. The WD safety assurance being stated as only applicable to MBH of dimensions D<8 and at no greater than 14 TeV energy levels, the NS safety assurance was therefore provided as the main astrophysical safety assurance (besides Hawking Radiation theory, and accretion estimates) outside these limits.
Amid suggestions in outsider-debate [2][3][4] that the process of Hawking Radiation (HR) theorised on such TeV-scale MBH may prove less effective in practice than in its mathematical model, a closer look at the NS assurance is reasoned herein. This short paper presents concerns regarding the NS safety assurance as a solitary safety assurance for MBH of greater dimensions, and/or for MBH created at greater energy levels (> 14 TeV) than of those which a solid WD safety assurance [3] can provide.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1406.0073 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-06-18 08:43:50*

**Authors:** Yibing Qiu

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Showing the mass can not conservation in the β+ decay of a proton

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1406.0047 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-06-08 13:20:23*

**Authors:** E.Koorambas

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Following up on an earlier, De Broglie-Bohm approach within the framework of quantum gauge theory of gravity, and based on the Schrödinger-Dirac equation for gravitons, we argue that gravitons are effectively massive due to their localized circulatory motion. This motion is analogous to the proposed zitterbewegung (ZB) motion of electrons.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1406.0039 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-06-07 09:39:52*

**Authors:** E.Koorambas

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In this letter we investigate the Left-Right Symmetric Model, in the framework of evolution theory. We calculate the sufficient number of K-meson decays, where heavy Right hand Majorana neutrinos are suppressed. The evolution pattern of Left-Right neutrinos modeling population is also studied. The proposed evolution pattern yields to the possible heavy Right hand Majorana neutrinos observation in single isolated K-meson decay in energy scale of 14 TeV.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1406.0033 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-07-25 18:03:32*

**Authors:** J. S. Markovitch

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

A special case of the cubic equation is shown to possess
three unusually economical solutions. A minimal case
associated with these solutions is then shown to yield
a congruous set of numbers that
fit the fine structure constant,
the sines squared of the quark and lepton mixing angles,
as well as the Weinberg angle.
Had Renaissance mathematicians probed the cubic equation's
solutions more deeply these numbers
might have formed a well-known part of algebra
from the 16th century.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1406.0011 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-06-03 03:19:22*

**Authors:** Bodo Lampe

**Comments:** 37 Pages.

In recent papers a microscopic model for the SM Higgs mechanism has been proposed, and an idea how to determine the 24 quark and lepton masses of all 3 generations has emerged in that framework. This idea is worked out in detail here by accommodating the fermion masses and mixings to microscopic parameters. The top quark mass turns out to be $m_t\approx 170$GeV and can be given in terms of the weak boson masses and of certain exchange couplings of isospin vectors obeying a tetrahedral symmetry. The observed hierarchy in the family spectrum is attributed to a natural hierarchy in the microscopic couplings. The neutrinos will be shown to vibrate within the potential valleys of the system, thus retaining very tiny masses. This is related to a Goldstone effect inside the internal dynamics. A discussion of the quark and lepton mixing matrices is also included. The mixing angles of the PMNS matrix are calculated for an example set of parameters, and a value for the CP violating phase is given.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1406.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-06-01 10:20:35*

**Authors:** Syed Afsar Abbas

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

So far all theoretical models claiming to explain the Fractional Quantum
Hall Effect are macroscopic in nature. In this paper we suggest a truly microscopic structure of this phenomenon. At the base is how electron charge is
defined in the group SU(N) for arbitrary values of integer N. It is shown how
all discovered charges in the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect are accounted
for in this model. We show how Greenberg Parafermions, obeying parastatistics,
are fundamentally required within this picture to explain the Fractional
Quantum Hall Effect. We also show how both the Fractional Quantum Hall
Effect and the Integral Quantum Hall Effect are explained in a common
unified description in this microscopic model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics