[10] **viXra:1306.0232 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-06-28 18:22:11*

**Authors:** M. de G. Caldera Cabral, V. V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 5 Pages. This the modernized version of a EF-UAZ FT-95-14 unpublished preprint of 1995 of the second author. The modifications are due to the Thesis of the first author.

The formulae of the relativistic products
are found S=1 Barut-Muzinich-Williams matrices. They are analogs of the well-known Chisholm-Caianiello-Fubini identities. The obtained results can be useful in the higher-order calculations of the high-energy processes with S=1 particles in the framework of the 2(2S+1 Weinberg formalism,
which recently attracted attention again.
PACS numbers: 02.90.+p, 11.90.+t, 12.20.Ds

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1306.0222 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-06-28 22:32:30*

**Authors:** Policarpo Y. Ulianov

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

This paper is based on John A. Macken proposal that the universe is only spacetime, and in the dipole waves defined by Macken in context of Quantum Mechanics, that can be seen as a sea of energetic waves, traveling at light speed.
From this model the pressure in dipole waves is analyzed in context of kinetic theory of gases. The dipole waves pressure model are used to define a fundamental particle named Ulianov Hole (uhole). One uhole can be associated with an elastic tube that connects two regions of space (or time), generating variations in the dipole wave pressure. Two kinds of uholes are presented, the spatial uhole (uhole-S) that have a property related to the mass, and a time uhole (uhole-T) that have a property related to electric charge.
When the Uhole-S is stretched enough, so that the other uhole end (formed by antimatter) is sufficiently distant to avoid an annihilation process, a mass particle will be formed. This paper present a basic analyzes where some mass proprieties are derivate from the dipole wave pressure model proposed by de author, based in the Macken dipole wave model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1306.0211 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-06-25 22:10:03*

**Authors:** Nicolae Mazilu; Maricel Agop

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

The color is an interaction property: of the interaction of light with matter. Classically speaking it is therefore akin to the forces. But while forces engendered the mechanical view of the world, the colors generated the optical view. One of the modern concepts of interaction between the fundamental particles of matter – the quantum chromodynamics – aims to fill the gap between mechanics and optics, in a specific description of strong interactions. We show here that this modern description of the particle interactions has ties with both the classical and quantum theories of light, regardless of the connection between forces and colors. In a word, the light is a universal model in the description of matter. The description involves classical Yang-Mills fields related to color.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1306.0208 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-06-25 12:02:36*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 64 Pages.

These are lecture slides summarizing the author's four recent published papers advancing the thesis that baryons including protons and neutrons are the magnetic monopoles of non-commuting Yang-Mills gauge theory. These slides should enable the reader to assimilate the primary material in these four papers relatively rapidly.
Specifically, these slides review support for the following results: 1) Protons and neutrons are “resonant cavities” with binding energies determined strictly by the masses of the quarks they contain. This is proven true at parts-per million accuracy for each of the 2H, 3H,3He, 4He binding energies and the neutron minus proton mass difference. 2) Respectively, each free proton and neutron contains 7.64 MeV and 9.81 MeV of mass/energy used to confine its quarks. When these nucleons bind, some, never all, of this energy is released and the mass deficit goes into binding. The balance continues to confine quarks. 56Fe releases 99.8429% of this energy for binding, more than any other nuclide. 3) Once we consider the Fermi vev one also finds an entirely theoretical explanation of proton and neutron masses, which also connects within experimental errors to the CKM quark mixing angles. 4) A related GUT explains fermion generation replication based on generator loss during symmetry breaking, and answers Rabi’s question “who ordered this?” 5) Nuclear physics is governed by combining Maxwell’s two classical equations into one equation using non-commuting gauge fields in view of Dirac theory and Fermi-Dirac-Pauli Exclusion. 6) Atoms themselves are core magnetic charges (nucleons) paired with orbital electric charges (electrons and elusive neutrinos), with the periodic table itself revealing an electric/magnetic symmetry of Maxwell’s equations often pondered but heretofore unrecognized for a century and a half.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1306.0137 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-06-18 00:37:59*

**Authors:** Syed Afsar Abbas

**Comments:** 11 Pages. none

In spite of intense efforts it has not been possible to demonstrate that confinement of colour
exists consistently in Quantum Chromodynamics. It is therefore one of the most puzzling
issues in Quantum Chromodynamics. We study what antisymmetrization in colour space means
fundamentally and how this is then matched with the conjugate symmetric state in the rest
of the degrees of freedom of the quarks. It is shown that the present understanding,
that confinement arises due to a single colour singlet state, is wrong. In this paper we prove that actually there are two independent colour singlet states, both of which are needed simultaneously to provide confinement in QCD.
This in turn leads to a fundamental justification of the relativistic bag models and the
non-relativistic quark models.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1306.0093 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-06-14 04:14:09*

**Authors:** Keith Maxwell Hardy

**Comments:** 67 Pages.

Defining space and time in a manner that agrees more with an observer who measures distance and time with particles, I create a quantum theory of space and time which is more accurate than the special theory of relativity. This new theory, called distance-time theory, predicts the following quantum principles: Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, the probabilistic location of a particle, and the collapse of this probability once a particle is observed. These principles are derived mostly independent of traditional quantum theory, and they are intrinsic properties of time and space in distance-time theory. However, special relativity theory always gives a particle's exact location and speed. This relativistic result disagrees with the quantum principles previously discussed, but it agrees with classical physics. Special relativity theory is a classical theory, while distance-time theory is a quantum theory. Nevertheless, distance-time theory still predicts proven special relativistic results, and there are novel testable predictions made by distance-time theory. The most notable predictions are those regarding the speed of quantum tunneling and certain characteristics of light. Also, distance-time theory defines distance as equivalent to a time period according to the equation D = cT.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1306.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-06-14 04:43:58*

**Authors:** Keith Maxwell Hardy

**Comments:** 48 Pages.

I replace the Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum mechanics with the Wave Source Interpretation, which I give now. When a quantum wave’s location is observed in a small area, it collapses to a transversal wave source. If this small region is three-dimensional, then the quantum wave would act like a three-dimensional transversal wave source. The three-dimensional transversal wave source has characteristics that parallel leptons’ and hadrons’ characteristics. These properties are derived from the wave sources in this paper without relying on quantum theory. I claim that elementary particles have wave sources as their foundational structure.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1306.0080 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-06-12 10:36:40*

**Authors:** Murod Abdukhakimov

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this paper we present the model of Majorana particle travelling at the speed of light.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1306.0069 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-06-11 01:47:08*

**Authors:** C.Amareshwar Prasad

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

The main aim of this proposal it to reveal the secrets of the universe by accelerating neutrons. The proposal idea in its abridged version speaks about the possibility of making neutrons accelerate with help of thermal energy and magnetic energy under controlled conditions. Which is helpful in revealing the hidden secrets of the universe like dark energy and in finding Higgs Boson.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1306.0051 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-06-08 09:57:22*

**Authors:** Murod Abdukhakimov

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Majorana and Dirac equations are usually considered as two different and mutually exclusive equations. In this paper we demonstrate that both of them can be considered as a special cases of the more general equation.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics