[15] **viXra:1602.0364 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-03-03 19:27:14*

**Authors:** Wei Lu

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

We propose a Clifford algebra based model, which includes local gauge symmetries SO(1,3)*SU_L(2)*U_R(1)*U(1)*SU(3). There are two sectors of bosonic fields as electroweak and Majorana bosons. The electroweak boson sector is composed of scalar Higgs, pseudoscalar Higgs, and antisymmetric tensor components. The Majorana boson sector is responsible for flavor mixing and neutrino Majorana masses. The LHC 750 GeV diphoton resonance is identified as a Majorana sector quadruon, which is the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson of $\bar{u}_Rs_R\bar{c}_Rd_R$ four-quark condensation. The quadruon results from spontaneous symmetry breaking of a flavor-related global U(1) symmetry involving right-handed up, down, charm, and strange quarks. In addition to $\bar{u}_Rs_R\bar{c}_Rd_R$, four-fermion condensations can also involve three other right-handed configurations $\bar{u}_R\tau_R\bar{\nu}_{\tau R}d_R$, $\bar{c}_R\mu_R\bar{\nu}_{\mu R}s_R$, and $\bar{\nu}_{\mu R}\tau_R\bar{\nu}_{\tau R}\mu_R$. Free from gauge interactions, these four-fermion condensations are potential dark matter candidates.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[14] **viXra:1602.0328 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-25 11:11:53*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Scientists on the DZero collaboration at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermilab have discovered a new particle—the latest member to be added to the exotic species of particle known as tetraquarks.
Exotic Mesons and Hadrons are high energy states of Quark oscillations. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[13] **viXra:1602.0322 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-05-08 07:15:12*

**Authors:** Amir H. Fatollahi

**Comments:** 12 Pages. The interpretation of result is corrected and is based on first order phase transition.

The site reduction of U(1) lattice gauge theory is used to model the 0-branes in the dual theory. The reduced theory is the 1D plane-rotator model of the angle-valued coordinates on discrete world-line. The energy spectrum is obtained exactly via the transfer-matrix method, with a minimum in the lowest energy as a direct consequence of compact nature of coordinates. Below the critical coupling $g_c=1.125$ and temperature $T_c=0.335$ the system undergoes a first order phase transition between coexistent phases with lower and higher gauge couplings. The possible relation between the model and the proposed role for magnetic monopoles in confinement mechanism based on dual Meissner effect is pointed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1602.0319 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-10-30 13:39:17*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 383 Pages.

This paper describes a research program based on the 240 E8 Root Vectors encoding the basic structure of a Unified Theory of Fundamental Physics by forming a local classical Lagrangian for the Standard Model plus Gravity and Dark Energy. The Root Vectors know where they belong in the Lagrangian because of their place in the geometric structure of E8 and its related symmetric spaces such as: E8 / D8 = 128-dim (OxO)P2 E8 / E7 x SU(2) = 112-dim set of (QxO)P2 in (OxO)P2 D8 / D4 x D4 = 64-dim Gr(8,16) Embedding E8 local classical Lagrangian into Cl(0,16) Clifford Algebra and taking the completion of the union of all tensor products of all the Cl(0,16)s produces a generalization of hyperfinite II1 von Neumann factor fermionic Fock space forming a global AQFT describing spacetime, the Standard Model, and Gravity with Dark Energy. The structure is related to unconventional 26D String Theory by Cl(0,16) -> Cl(0,16)xCl(0,8) = Cl(0,24) -> M(2,Cl(0,24)) = Cl(1,25) Completion of Union of All Tensor Products of Cl(1,25) = 2x2 matrices of Cl(0,24) is the String Theory formulation of the hyperfinite AQFT. The Physics model described herein may be called the Cl(1,25) E8 Physics Model, since the Cl(1,25) of 26D String Theory contains Cl(0,16) which contains E8 whose root vectors describe a Lagrangian for the Standard Model and Gravity + Dark Energy. The main body of the paper describes physical interpretations of the 240 Root Vectors with a rough qualitative description of how they are used in setting up calculations of force strengths, particle masses, Dark Energy : Dark Matter : Ordinary Matter ratios, Kobayashi-Maskawa parameters, etc. The main body of the paper (46 pages) concludes with a summary of the results of those calculations. Details of the calculations, some related experimental results, etc, are given in a more lengthy set of appendices (337 pages). This latest (October 2016) version includes LHC results of about 13 /fb of 2016 run, including Higgs -> ZZ -> 4l channel events relevant to the existence of two Higgs mass states predicted by E8 Physics beyond the conventional 125 GeV state.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1602.0305 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-24 05:02:16*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Bekenstein-Hawking entropy takes discrete values proportional to 2 to the power n in a holographic model. Horizon numbers n are calculated for specific black holes and for subatomic particles, which have been shown to be the analogues of black holes.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1602.0288 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-02-28 06:41:28*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The object of this (exceedingly) brief note is to point out that the recent discovery of gravitational waves may further constrain brane-worlds models and alternative theories of gravitation.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1602.0271 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-02-25 22:42:15*

**Authors:** Wei Lu

**Comments:** 26 Pages.

We propose a Clifford algebra based model, which includes local gauge symmetries SO(1,3)*SU_L(2)*U_R(1)*U(1)*SU(3). There are two sectors of bosonic fields as electroweak and Majorana bosons. The electroweak boson sector is composed of scalar Higgs, pseudoscalar Higgs, and antisymmetric tensor components. The Majorana boson sector is responsible for flavor mixing and neutrino Majorana masses. The LHC 750 GeV diphoton resonance is explained by a Majorana sector quadruon, which is the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson of uscd four-quark condensation. The quadruon results from spontaneous symmetry breaking of a family-related global U(1) symmetry involving up, down, charm, and strange quarks. Being standard model singlets, four-fermion condensations are potential dark matter candidates.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1602.0248 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-20 04:37:45*

**Authors:** V.S.Mitin

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Biotonic law is a physical act with more specific constants M. Feigenbaum.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1602.0209 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-17 04:42:28*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

The PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a particle accelerator at Brookhaven National Laboratory uniquely capable of measuring how a proton's internal building blocks — quarks and gluons — contribute to its overall intrinsic angular momentum, or "spin." [13] More realistic versions of lattice QCD may lead to a better understanding of how quarks formed hadrons in the early Universe. The resolution of the Proton Radius Puzzle is the diffraction pattern, giving another wavelength in case of muonic hydrogen oscillation for the proton than it is in case of normal hydrogen because of the different mass rate. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1602.0192 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-02-19 18:51:06*

**Authors:** Wei Lu

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

We propose a Clifford algebra based model, which includes local gauge symmetries SO(1,3)*SU_L(2)*U_R(1)*U(1)*SU(3). There are two sectors of Higgs fields as Majorana and electroweak Higgs bosons. The Majorana Higgs sector, is responsible for the 750 GeV diphoton resonance, flavor mixing, and right-handed neutrino Majorana masses. The electroweak Higgs sector, which induces Dirac masses, is composed of scalar, pseudoscalar, and antisymmetric tensor components.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1602.0148 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-13 05:35:01*

**Authors:** V.S.Mitin

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Worldview and an example from nuclear physics.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1602.0145 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-05-01 18:13:26*

**Authors:** Leonardo Pedro

**Comments:** 20 Pages. Major update

One common way to define spontaneous symmetry breaking involves necessarily explicit symmetry breaking.
We add explicit symmetry breaking terms to the Higgs potential, so that the spontaneous breaking of a global symmetry in multi-Higgs-doublet models is a particular case of explicit symmetry breaking.
Then we show that it is possible to study the Higgs potential without assuming that the local gauge $SU(2)_L$ symmetry is spontaneously broken or not (it is known that gauge symmetries may not be possible to break spontaneously). We also discuss the physical spectrum of multi-Higgs-doublet models and the related custodial symmetry.
We review background symmetries: these are symmetries that despite already explicitly broken, can still be spontaneously broken.
We show that the CP background symmetry is not spontaneously broken, based on this fact: we explain in part a recent conjecture relating spontaneous and explicit breaking of the
charge-parity (CP) symmetry; we also relate explicit and spontaneous geometric CP-violation.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1602.0131 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-11 10:03:59*

**Authors:** Imrich Krištof

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This article says about new perspective of Modern Physics of Elementary Particles, called
neutrinos. This omnipresent particles probably could be have eminent role in birth of new
technical and theoretical branches of new physical science called NEUTRINIC΄S or
NEUTRINICA. This new established science discipline will be touched many human
activities from noninvasive medicinal diagnostics and operations to neutrino pulse-canal
communication. About importance of this phenomenon is evident many large Projects all
over the world and last Nobel Prize for Physics 2015, which was awarded to Takaaki Kajita
from Super-Kamiokande Collaboration, University of Tokyo, Japan and Arthur B. McDonald
from Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Collaboration, Queen΄s University, Kingston, Canada,
“for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows, that neutrinos have mass”. These
realities can prove new horizons to our view of the whole Universe.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1602.0116 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-10 08:44:03*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Researchers have recreated the universe's primordial soup in miniature format by colliding lead atoms with extremely high energy in the 27 km long particle accelerator, the LHC at CERN in Geneva. The primordial soup is a so-called quark-gluon plasma and researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute, among others, have measured its liquid properties with great accuracy at the LHC's top energy. [7] The universe may have existed forever, according to a new model that applies quantum correction terms to complement Einstein's theory of general relativity. The model may also account for dark matter and dark energy, resolving multiple problems at once. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1602.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2016-02-08 02:36:59*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

A team of physicists suggested that the fundamental building unit proton can alter its structure under certain circumstances. Scientists are now performing experiments to show that the structure of protons can change inside the nucleus under certain conditions. [10] Exotic Mesons and Hadrons are high energy states of Quark oscillations. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics