High Energy Particle Physics

1803 Submissions

[19] viXra:1803.0732 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-30 22:01:50

E8 Physics: Cayley-Dickson and Clifford Algebras - - Braids - Cellular Automata

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 9 Pages.

This paper consists of comments about relationships among the E8-Cl(16 Physics model of viXra 1602.0319 and Cayley-Dickson Algebras, Real Clifford Algebras, Braids,and Cellular Automata.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[18] viXra:1803.0670 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-26 12:49:05

Underground Neutrino Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

In a study published in Physical Review Letters, collaborators of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an experiment led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, have shown they can shield a sensitive, scalable 44-kilogram germanium detector array from background radioactivity. [18] The study has put the most stringent limits on the probability of a rare event—a neutrinoless double beta decay of tellurium-130 nuclei. This event can only occur if a neutrino can be its own antiparticle. [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[17] viXra:1803.0641 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-24 18:30:00

The Relation of Relativistic Energy to Particle Wavelength

Authors: Jeff Yee
Comments: 21 pages

In this paper, particle motion is considered in the Energy Wave Theory equations. The addition of particle velocity into the equations derives and explains the nature of relativity as a Doppler effect of a particle’s mean wavelength change. The addition of a change in wave amplitude relates particle spin to magnetism and gravity. These new additions to the equations are first described, and then proven to derive the existing Energy Wave Equations and calculations for particles at rest. Then, they are shown to derive and prove relativistic energy.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[16] viXra:1803.0640 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-16 21:17:15

Representing E8 Root Vectors for E8-Cl(16) Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 9 Pages.

In my E8-Cl(16) Physics model (viXra 1602.0319 and related papers) I have been as of March 2018 using a particuar 2D picture of the 240 E8 Root Vectors to explain my physical interpretation of each E8 Root Vector, but in discussion at Tellus Museum, Cartersville, Georgia on 11-24 March 2018 with Marcelo Amaral, Marni Sheppeard, and Ray Aschheim I have found that a 2D picture of the 240 E8 Root Vectors by Ray Aschheimvseems to me to be more fundamental, so I am now changing to Ray’s picture which I describe in this paper. Version 2 (v2) corrects particle identification of E8 Root Vectors in a diagram.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[15] viXra:1803.0638 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-25 06:17:16

The Nonlinear Theory of Elementary Particles

Authors: Kyriakos A.G.
Comments: 285 Pages.

The author proposes a special nonlinear quantum field theory. In a linear approximation, this theory can be presented in the form of the Standard Model (SM) theory. The richer physical structure of this nonlinear theory makes it possible to exceed the limits of SM and remove its known incompleteness. We show that nonlinearity of the field is critical for the appearance of charges and masses of elementary particles, for confinement of quarks, and many other effects, whose description within the framework of SM causes difficulties. In this case, the mechanism of generation of masses is mathematically similar to Higgs's mechanism, but it is considerably simpler. The proposed theory does not examine the theory of gravity, but give the base to build Lorentz-invariant gravitation theory. The book is intended for undergraduate and graduate students studying the theory of elementary particles, as well as for specialists working in this field.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[14] viXra:1803.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-22 09:50:01

The Mass of Lepton Tau

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Here, using the atom-like structure of baryons described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we calculated the mass of lepton tau (1776.947 MeV and 1776.944 MeV) in two different elegant ways.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[13] viXra:1803.0303 [pdf] replaced on 2018-03-21 07:10:36

The Experiments Of The Bottle And The Beam For The Lifetime Of The Neutron: A Theoretical Approximation Derived From The Casimir Effect

Authors: Angel Garcés Doz
Comments: 9 Pages. Corrected Feynman diagram writing error

The last neutron life-time experiments using the bottle method rule out possible experimental errors and possible sources of interference; mainly the interaction of the neutrons with the material of the walls of the bottle. Therefore, the discrepancy between the lifetimes of the neutron by experiments of the beam and the bottle require a theoretical explanation.The main and crucial difference between the beam and bottle experiments is the different topology of the experiments. While in the beam experiment the neutrons are not confined; in the experiment of the bottle a confinement takes place. In our theoretical approach we postulate the existence of a type of Casimir effect that due to the different geometry-topology of the experiments; it produces an induction-polarization of the vacuum by the confinement and the existence of the trapped neutrons; in such a way that there is an increase in the density of the quarks u, d, gluons and the virtual W and Z bosons. This density increase, mainly, of the neutral Z bosons; would be responsible for the increased probability of the decay of a neutron in a proton; and therefore of the shortening of the decay time of the neutron in the experiment of the bottle; of 877.7 seconds.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[12] viXra:1803.0250 [pdf] replaced on 2018-03-24 09:43:00

The Simplest and Accurate Theory of Proton and Neutron Based on Only Six Parameters that are Experimental Values

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 14 Pages.

Here, we present the simplest version of the atom-like structure of baryons. We use six parameters only that are experimental values. They are the three fundamental physical constants, the mass of electron and the two masses of pions. There do not appear free parameters. We calculated masses of nucleons and their magnetic moments. Obtained results are in very good consistency with experimental data. For example, calculated magnetic moment of proton is +2.7928471 (the experimental value is +2.792847351(9) [2]) so the 7 first significant digits are the same. The same is for the mass of proton - we obtained 938.272065 MeV (the experimental result is 938.272081(6) MeV [2]). Here we apply the experimental central values for five from the six parameters because accuracy of the experimental mass of neutral pion is very low. To obtain the perfect results, we use the theoretical mass of neutral pion (134.97678 MeV) which overlaps with the interval defined by experiments: 134.9770(5) MeV [2]. Due to future more precise data for mass of neutral pion, we will able to verify presented here theory of nucleons. Emphasize that our results are much, much better than values obtained within the Standard Model despite the fact that our model contains at least 5 times less parameters.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[11] viXra:1803.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-17 11:26:59

Weak Turbulence Makes Chirping

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Such chirping signals a loss of heat that can slow fusion reactions, a loss that has long puzzled scientists. [15] Physicists from the Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, researchers from Chalmers University of Technology and computer scientists from Lobachevsky University have developed a new software tool called PICADOR for numerical modeling of laser plasmas on modern supercomputers. [14]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[10] viXra:1803.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-16 14:28:12

Are the “quarks” and the “electron” Elementary Particles?

Authors: Vaggelis Talios
Comments: 9 Pages.

The value of the charge of the “quark down” that is 1/3 of the value of the charge of the electron, limits the smallest charge subdivision has hitherto been identified. This means that all the particles with multiple charges, thus “quark up” and “electron”, are divisible particles. In this paper will identify the subdivisions of the quarks and the electron and will study how these particles are created from these subdivisions. In Fig. 2 of this work are given the structures of quarks up and down and of the electron. Extending for a bit the subject of the work, suggests in Figure 3, a new structure of the atom where the various stages of the creation of the sub-atomic particles are noted too.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[9] viXra:1803.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-16 16:13:04

Energy Wave Equations: Correction Factors

Authors: Jeff Yee
Comments: 10 pages

The equations in Energy Wave Theory accurately model particle energy, photon energy, forces, atomic orbitals and derive 19 fundamental physical constants from only five wave constants. Yet three correction factors are apparent in the equations, even though all three can be derived from the wave constants. In this paper, a potential reason for these factors is discussed and the potential of consolidating the three factors into one, based on the velocity of the Earth, which was neglected in the original construction of the Energy Wave equations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[8] viXra:1803.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-16 09:01:45

Spin Arrangement Observation by Neutron

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

For the first time in the world, NIMS, JAEA and J-PARC jointly succeeded in observing electron spin arrangements in sample materials by applying a neutron beam to a sample and quantifying the neutrons transmitted through it. [31] Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson. [30] Electrons in graphene—an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike—move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[7] viXra:1803.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-16 10:25:59

Ultra-Dense Electron-Positron Plasmas

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

Physicists from the Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, researchers from Chalmers University of Technology and computer scientists from Lobachevsky University have developed a new software tool called PICADOR for numerical modeling of laser plasmas on modern supercomputers. [14] The interaction of high-power laser light sources with matter has given rise to numerous applications including; fast ion acceleration; intense X-ray, gamma-ray, positron and neutron generation; and fast-ignition-based laser fusion. [13] Conventional electron accelerators have become an indispensable tool in modern research. [12] An outstanding conundrum on what happens to the laser energy after beams are fired into plasma has been solved in newly-published research at the University of Strathclyde. [11] Researchers at Lund University and Louisiana State University have developed a tool that makes it possible to control extreme UV light - light with much shorter wavelengths than visible light. [10]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[6] viXra:1803.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-15 03:46:25

Revival of the Sakaton

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 10 Pages.

Sakaton, S=p,n,Λ with integral charges, 1,0,0, respectively, and treated as forming the fundamental representation of SU(3) group, was successful in explaining the octet mesons but failed to describe the structure of baryons. This was replaced by fractionally charged quarks. Q=u,d,s providing the fundamental representation of the SU(3) group. This has been a thumping success. Thus a decent burial was given to the concept of the Sakaton. However, there is another model, the Topological Skyrme model, which has been providing a parallel and successful description of the same hadrons. Nevertheless, sometimes this other model gives tantalizing hints of new structures in hadrons. In this paper we prove that this topological Skyrme model, leads to a clear revival of the above concept of Sakaton, as a real and a genuine physical entity. This provides a new perspective to the hypernuclei. ’t Hooft anomaly matching gives an unambiguous support to this revival of the Sakaton.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[5] viXra:1803.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-11 20:29:57

Influence of Laser Spot Scanning Speed on Micro Polishing Using uv Nano-Second Pulse Laser

Authors: Jang Pong-Ryol, Kim Chun-Gun, Han Guang-Pok, Pea Uyong-Guk
Comments: 10 Pages.

During laser micro polishing of the metallic surface, it is very important to choose the optimal laser energy density and laser spot scanning speed. In this paper, during micro-polishing on the metallic surface by using UV nanosecond pulse laser, the influence of laser spot scanning speed on the polishing effect was investigated in terms of the relationship with the laser energy density. The experimental and analytical considerations were shown that there is the optimal scanning speed of laser spot for the best laser polishing effect when the laser energy density on the workpiece surface was rated, and the influence of the overlap ratio of the scanning lines was also considered. In addition, the optimal process parameters for the laser micro polishing of Ti and Ni metallic surfaces were obtained and the laser micro polishing experiments on theose metallic surfaces were conducted. For Ti and Ni metallic surfaces, the surface roughness improvements of up to 51.6% and 52 % were respectively obtained.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[4] viXra:1803.0116 [pdf] replaced on 2018-03-18 17:34:17

Answer to One of the Most Important Unsolved Problems of All Time: the Nature of Matter, Hadronic Reactions, the Issue of Massive Electrons, the Photo Electric Effect, Determination of a Photon's Mass, Radioactivity, and Wave–particle Duality

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi
Comments: 14 Pages.

This paper just is a beginning introduction to describe the nature of matter, to solve the issue of massive electrons, to determine the mass of a photon, and to describe the issue of wave–particle duality of photons. The first time relativistic approach to make a solution to one of the most important unsolved problems of all time. The concept in quantum mechanics that every particle or quantic entity may be partly described in terms not only of particles, but also of waves. It expresses the inability of the classical concepts "particle" or "wave" to fully describe the behavior of quantum-scale objects. I would describe photons which are existed inside atoms, atomic diffuse plasmas, atomic dust, and probably atomic dark matter and dark energy too.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[3] viXra:1803.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-03 07:03:15

A Strong Force Potential Formula and the Classification of the Strong Interaction

Authors: Zhengdong Huang
Comments: 29 Pages.

The most difficult problem in the research on strong interaction is to solve the mechanical expression of strong nuclear force, thus failing to comprehensively describe the state in and between hadrons. In this paper, reasonable strong force potential hypothesis is proposed through analysis, and strong interaction is classified into 5 types according to different stress particles; then, different internal symmetrical structures are correspondingly obtained, and Dirac equation is adopted to describe the intrinsic states of 13 particles of 5 types; finally, the theoretical value and the experimental value of the mass ratio of the same-charged particles and the neutral particles are compared to prove the complete set of research method and verify the correctness of the strong force potential formula supposed thereby.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[2] viXra:1803.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 07:51:17

CUORE Constrains Neutrino Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The study has put the most stringent limits on the probability of a rare event—a neutrinoless double beta decay of tellurium-130 nuclei. This event can only occur if a neutrino can be its own antiparticle. [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector, they were statistically most likely to be in a state of superposition, with no definite flavor or identity. [9] A new study reveals that neutrinos produced in the core of a supernova are highly localised compared to neutrinos from all other known sources.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1] viXra:1803.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-01 10:50:16

Hadronisation in Proton-Proton Collisions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been “squeezed” to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by “twisted light” can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17] Physicists from Trinity College Dublin's School of Physics and the CRANN Institute, Trinity College, have discovered a new form of light, which will impact our understanding of the fundamental nature of light. [16] Light from an optical fiber illuminates the metasurface, is scattered in four different directions, and the intensities are measured by the four detectors. From this measurement the state of polarization of light is detected. [15] Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information. Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a miniaturized version of a frequency converter, using technology similar to that used to make computer chips. [14] Harnessing the power of the sun and creating light-harvesting or light-sensing devices requires a material that both absorbs light efficiently and converts the energy to highly mobile electrical current. Finding the ideal mix of properties in a single material is a challenge, so scientists have been experimenting with ways to combine different materials to create "hybrids" with enhanced features. [13] Condensed-matter physicists often turn to particle-like entities called quasiparticles—such as excitons, plasmons, magnons—to explain complex phenomena. Now Gil Refael from the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena and colleagues report the theoretical concept of the topological polarition, or “topolariton”: a hybrid half-light, half-matter quasiparticle that has special topological properties and might be used in devices to transport light in one direction. [12] Solitons are localized wave disturbances that propagate without changing shape, a result of a nonlinear interaction that compensates for wave packet dispersion. Individual solitons may collide, but a defining feature is that they pass through one another and emerge from the collision unaltered in shape, amplitude, or velocity, but with a new trajectory reflecting a discontinuous jump. Working with colleagues at the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms, a group led by Harvard Professor of Physics Mikhail Lukin and MIT Professor of Physics Vladan Vuletic have managed to coax photons into binding together to form molecules – a state of matter that, until recently, had been purely theoretical. The work is described in a September 25 paper in Nature. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics