[5] **viXra:1010.0057 [pdf]**
*submitted on 28 Oct 2010*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 2 pages

In this brief report we argue that Koide's formula arises from universal attributes of nonlinear
dynamics in field theory. Feigenbaum scaling not only provides a natural paradigm for generating
particle masses and coupling charges, but also a basis for understanding the family structure of
fermions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1010.0046 [pdf]**
*submitted on 26 Oct 2010*

**Authors:** R. Wayte

**Comments:** 10 pages

The observed variation of the electromagnetic coupling constant α, seen in high
energy e^{+}e^{-} → e^{+}e^{-} collisions, has been explained in terms of work done compressing the
energetic electron. A simple monotonic law has been found, which describes how the
electron tries to resist compression, without transmutation. Variation of the strong coupling
constant α_{s} has also been analysed in terms of effective work done compressing the gluon
field within a proton's component parts.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1010.0024 [pdf]**
*replaced on 26 Oct 2010*

**Authors:** J. S. Markovitch

**Comments:** 23 pages

The fine structure constant and the quark and lepton mixing angles are shown to arise naturally in the
course of altering the symmetry of two algebraic identities. Specifically, the symmetry of the
identity x^{2} = *x*^{2} is "broken" by making the substitution
*x*^{n} → *x*^{n} - *y*^{p} on its left side, and the substitution
*x* → *x *- *z* on its right side,
where *p* equals the order of the identity; these substitutions convert the above identity into the
equation *x*^{2} - *y*^{2} = (*x* - *z*)^{2}. These same substitutions are also applied
to the only slightly more complicated identity (*x*/*a*)^{3} + *x*^{2} = (*x*/*a*)^{3} +
*x*^{2} to produce this second equation (*x*^{3} - *y*^{3}) / *a*^{3} + *x*^{2} - *y*^{3} =
(*x* - *z*)^{3} / *a*^{3} + (*x* - *z*)^{2}. These two equations are then shown to share
a mathematical property relating to *dz*/*dy*, where, on the second equation's left side, this
property helps define the special case (*x*^{3} - *y*^{3}) / *a*^{3} + *x*^{2} - *y*^{3} =
(10^{3} - 0.1^{3}) / 3^{3} + 10^{2} - 0.1^{3} = 137.036, an equation which incorporates a value close to the
experimental fine structure constant inverse. Moreover, on the second equation's right side, this same
special case simultaneously produces values for the sines squared of the mixing angles. Specifically, the
sines squared of the leptonic angles *φ*_{12}, *φ*_{23}, and
*φ*_{13} appear as 0.3, 0.5, and not larger than roughly 1/30 000, respectively; and the
sines squared of the quark mixing angles *θ*_{12} and *θ*_{13} appear
as 0.05, and close to 1/90 000, respectively. Despite closely mirroring so many experimental values, including
the precisely-known fine structure constant, the above mathematical model requires no free parameters adjusted
to fit experiment.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1010.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 9 Oct 2010*

**Authors:** J. S. Markovitch

**Comments:** 4 pages

It is shown that a particle set possessing electric charges, masses, and weak couplings that coincide
with those of the quarks and leptons can be produced with the aid of the symmetry of the
cuboctahedron. Specifically, it is shown that small powers of 4.1, in combination with the constants
0.1 and 3, are useful in economically reproducing the quark and lepton masses, and that these small
powers-and thereby the masses they represent-can be joined automatically with their correct
values for charge and generation with the aid of cuboctahedral symmetry.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1010.0016 [pdf]**
*replaced on 21 Oct 2010*

**Authors:** John Michael Williams

**Comments:** 3 pages

If the Higgs boson does mediate a vacuum coupling which gives all
particles mass, then it should not itself be massive.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics