[13] **viXra:1201.0123 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-31 00:09:19*

**Authors:** Matti Pitkänen

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

The inspiration for this article came from listening some very inspiring Harward lectures relating to QCD, jets, gauge-gravity correspondence, and quark gluon plasma. Matthew Schwartz gave a talk titled * The Emergence of Jets at the Large Hadron Collider*. Dam Thanh Son's talk had the title * Viscosity, Quark Gluon Plasma, and String Theory*. Factorization theorems of jet QCD discussed in very clear manner by Ian Stewart in this talk titled * Mastering Jets: New Windows into Strong Interaction and Beyond*. These lecture inspired several blog postings and also the idea about a systematical comparison of QCD and TGD. This kind of comparisons are always very useful - at least to me - since they make it easier to see why the cherished beliefs- now the belief that QCD is * the* theory of strong interactions - might be wrong

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1201.0122 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-31 00:11:00*

**Authors:** Matti Pitkänen

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

The newest results about Higgs search using 4.9/fb of data have published and there are many articles in arXiv. The overall view is that there is evidence for something around 125 GeV. Whether this something is Higgs or some other particle decaying to Higgs remains to my opinion an open question. The evidence comes basically from Higgs to γγ decays. The signal is however too larger so that something else than Higgs might be in question. There are some ZZ and WW events. CMS represented also data for more rare events. There are also indications about something at higher masses. In TGD framework Higgs is not needed for the massivation and the simplest option is that Higgs does not exist. Higgs is effectively replaced with a scaled up copy of hadron physics with mass scale 512 times higher than that for ordinary hadron physics. In this article this option will be discussed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1201.0112 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-04-20 11:19:47*

**Authors:** Stefan Mehedinteanu

**Comments:** 28 Pages. It is introduced the Higgs field for W bosons pair generation

In this paper was re-visited the dual Ginzburg-Landau model for the calculation of Lorenz force, color magnetic gluons current, and the energy of vortex lines for a vortex triangular lattice type Abrikosov within a nucleon, to find their meaning. For now, it was found that these energies would correspond to the subatomic particles, , Higgs bosons, pion , and of nucleon itself. Also, it was determined the fusion temperature of two nucleons.
The model permits to explain the beta decay mechanism of radioisotopes to be the same as the dark counts in the case of superconductors, and to think in this context to the enhancement of beta decay for nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.
A link with gravity is discussed. In this model to a superconductor analogue, we use the Higgs field , and hence a Higgs boson to generate by Schwinger effect pairs for beta decay calculation.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1201.0099 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-25 13:45:35*

**Authors:** Policarpo Yōshin Ulianov

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

In experiments for proton radius measurement that use muonic hydrogen, the value obtained was four percent below the expected standard value, which is not explained by quantum electrodynamics.
This article theoretically explains this results and presents an equation that calculates the proton radius, which coincides with the value obtained in muonic hydrogen experiments, with a difference of only 0.07 percent.
These results are based on Ulianov String Theory (UST), a new String Theory, which is able to model the most important particles in our universe as photons, protons, electrons, neutrons, muons and positrons.
The author believes that the experiment with Muonic Hydrogen represents a breakthrough in modern physics, because it points out flaws in the standard model and opens space for new theories that model the electron and proton as strings.
The experience with muonic hydrogen may lead to a model in which the electron is no longer a "small ball" orbiting the nucleus and it turns into a two-dimensional brane surrounding the nucleus. Thus, this experiment has the potential to be so important, such as the historical experience of the Michelson interferometer, which marked the end of the preponderance of the Newtonian mechanics.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1201.0095 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-03-24 13:22:16*

**Authors:** Arnab Shome

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Recently opera researchers found neutrino is travelling faster than light thus violating special theory of relativity.Here I have tried to show that it can also be explained without violating special theory of relativity.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1201.0091 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-03-30 17:35:05*

**Authors:** Eugene V. Stefanovich

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

We present a simple quantum relativistic model of neutrino oscillations and propagation in space. Matrix elements of the neutrino Hamiltonian depend on momentum and this dependence is responsible for the observed neutrino velocity. It is possible to choose the Hamiltonian in such a way that neutrino velocity oscillates around c in a pattern synchronized with flavor oscillations. The velocity can exceed c during some time intervals. Due to low masses of the electron, muon and tau neutrino species, this superluminal effect is too small to be seen in experiments. The consistency of our model with fundamental principles of relativity and causality is discussed as well.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1201.0062 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-16 02:13:03*

**Authors:** Bodo Lampe

**Comments:** 42 Pages.

In previous papers the permutation group S_4 has been suggested as an ordering scheme for elementary particles, and the appearance of this finite symmetry group was taken as indication for the existence of a discrete inner symmetry space underlying elementary particle interactions. Here it is pointed out that a more suitable choice than the tetrahedral group S_4 is the pyritohedral group A_4 x Z_2 because its vibrational spectrum exhibits exactly the mass multiplet structure of the 3 fermion generations. Furthermore it is noted that the same structure can also be obtained from a primordial symmetry breaking S_4 --> A_4. Since A_4 is a chiral group, while S_4 is achiral, an argument can be given why the chirality of the inner pyritohedral symmetry leads to parity violation of the weak interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1201.0050 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-11 17:25:11*

**Authors:** John R. Smith, Milan Nikolic, Stephen P. Smith

**Comments:** 27 pages, 3 Figures & 3 Tables

Linear models have found widespread use in statistical investigations. For every linear model there exists a matrix representation for which the ReML (Restricted Maximum Likelihood) can be constructed from the elements of the corresponding matrix. This method works in the standard manner when the covariance structure is non-singular. It can also be used in the case where the covariance structure is singular, because the method identifies particular non-stochastic linear combinations of the observations which must be constrained to zero.In order to use this method, the Cholesky decomposition has to be generalized to symmetric and indefinite matrices using complex arithmetic methods. This method is applied to the problem of determining the spatial size (vertex) for the Higgs Boson decay in the Higgs -> 4 lepton channel. A comparison based on the chi^2 variable from the vertex fit for Higgs signal and t-tbar background is presented and shows that the background can be greatly suppressed using the chi^2 variable. One of the major advantages of this method over the currently adopted technique of b-tagging is that it is not affected by multiple interactions (pile up).

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1201.0042 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-01-09 04:31:33*

**Authors:** Policarpo Yōshin Ulianov

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

This article explains why the neutrinos apparently are travel faster than light in the OPERA and MINOS experiments. This will be do with base in the Coriolis effect, Witte effect and some relativistic effects observed by rotating the light clock proposed by Einstein.
These factors combined make the WURA effect (Witte-Ulianov Rotation Anisotropy effect) that generates a phase error between two clocks perfectly synchronized, due to rotation of the earth and its movement in space, during the travel time of a light signal between the clocks.
For the OPERA experiment, the WURA effect describe a systematic timer error, that generate a theoretical time reduction of about 77.2ns, a value very close to the neutrino anticipation that was observed experimentally in the OPERA.
This result indicates that in OPERA and MINOS the neutrinos are actually moving at the light speed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1201.0016 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-03-03 15:47:59*

**Authors:** Muhammad Adeel Ajaib

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

We propose that the early Universe was not Lorentz symmetric and that a gradual transition to the Lorentz symmetric phase occurred. An underlying form of the Dirac equation hints to such a transition for fermions. Fermions were coupled to space-time in a non-trivial manner such that they were massless in the Lorentz violating phase. The partition function is used as a transfer matrix to model this transition on a two level thermodynamics system that describes how such a transition might have occurred. The system that models this transition evolves, with temperature, from a state of large to negligible entropy and this is interpreted as describing the transition to a state with Lorentz symmetry. In addition to this, analogy is created with the properties of this system to describe how the fields were massless and how a baryon asymmetry can be generated in this model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1201.0011 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-04 12:19:01*

**Authors:** Policarpo Yoshin Ulianov

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In 1991, R. D. Witte performed an experiment to observe phase drift between two clusters of atomic clocks linked by a coaxial cable.
Surprisingly, data from Witte observations showed cyclical phase drift variation with a periodicity very close to one sidereal day, in a phenomenon which along the present paper will be called “Witte effect”.
Witte’s data were not accepted for publication, because they seemed to contradict the Einstein’s Special Relativity Theory.
The Witte effect was thus ignored by the prevailing scientific paradigm until 2006, when R. T. Cahill found that the results by the Witte experiment were correct and could be explainable in the context of general relativity, due to an anisotropy in the speed of light that arises from the interaction between gravitational fields.
Initially, Witte effect happens regardless the kind of signal is used to link the atomic clocks, be it RF (as used by Witte himself), light pulses or even bursts of neutrinos.
Associating the OPERA experiment to the one by Witte (theoretically or linking the OPERA clocks with a coaxial cable), initially it will be observed phase drifts that vary according to the sidereal time when the experiment is being performed, a concern that is not known to have been regarded by the physicists designing the OPERA experiment.
In the light of such facts, there are reasons to believe that the Witte effect explains why OPERA’s neutrinos seem to move at speeds above the light speed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1201.0005 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-01-02 06:30:56*

**Authors:** Hamid Reza Karimi

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

In this paper an attempt is made to explain how and why the muon neutrinos flow faster than the speed of light in the OPERA neutrino experiment by using the theory of quantized space and time and internal structure of elementary particles derived from a new model of mine [1]. Also this paper shows that:
1-This motion is achieved by two velocities. The first is a speed of
in the time and length quanta. Then there is a velocity greater than that of light in the super dimension.
2-In these tests, muon neutrinos move with a velocity .
Only 23.98 m of this happens in the super dimension [2].

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1201.0003 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-09-13 10:18:25*

**Authors:** N. Murata, Yoja Panchan

**Comments:** 21 Pages. The language of this article is Japanese.

In this paper, the mass derived from the g_equation is assumed to be the mass of quark-lepton, and is used to calculate the masses of the most common elementary particles.
The difference between the calculated results and observed values is within 3%.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics