[15] **viXra:1302.0171 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-02-28 08:50:38*

**Authors:** P. R. Silva

**Comments:** 04 pages, no figures

Sargent plot, summarizes part of one of the pioneers experiments on nuclear beta decay. Here it is proposed to be used as a motivation, to teach undergraduate students some basic features of the weak interactions. This is done by considering only elementary aspects of special relativity and quantum theories.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[14] **viXra:1302.0156 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-12-11 07:18:16*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

To formulate the lacking part of ultimate theory, particle physics needs new methods. Theories starting from sizeless bare fermions are non-reversible so incoherent. Within such theories we lose information. Theories starting from flexible, so changing-spin, closed strings and/or based on continuous trajectories of the quantum particles, are incoherent as well. To fit theoretical results to experimental data within the incoherent theories, we apply approximations, mathematical tricks and free parameters i.e. such theories are very messy. New methods are based on the origin of the half-integral spin. This spin is characteristic for all scales/sizes and for all types of interactions (bosons consist of the half-integral-spin fermions), even for the fifth force i.e. the entanglement. This suggests existence of succeeding phase transitions of the fundamental spacetime based on the half-integral-spin constancy. This theorem should be accepted as an axiom. The phase transitions do not need time-dependent equations. They lead to internal structure of bare fermions, to different types of black holes, tori, balls and loops composed of the Einstein-spacetime components and next to coupling constants of interactions. At least for period of spinning, the quantum particles are the stable, so time-independent, structures. Knowing the time-independent statistical arrangements and internal structure of bare particles, we can calculate with very high accuracy physical quantities for whole spectrum of energy. It is the Scale-Symmetric Theory. Such a theory shows a statistical interpretation of the canonical quantum mechanics and only such a theory leads to the origin of the basic physical constants. This theory leads also to the superluminal interpretation of the quantum mechanics and to the abundance of the deterministic mass.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[13] **viXra:1302.0147 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-08-04 23:21:35*

**Authors:** Jeff Yee

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

The mass of leptons in the Standard Model has a strange sequence, increasing by orders of magnitude from ~2.2 eV for the lightest electron neutrino to 1.777 GeV for the sixth and largest lepton in the model, the tau electron. This paper details an equation that identifies the sequence and calculation for the mass of the six leptons in the Standard Model. Surprisingly, when identifying the sequence, the magic numbers that were found in the Periodic Table of Elements for the atomic structure are also apparent in the sequence for leptons. As a result, a new table structure for lepton categorization in the Standard Model is proposed in this paper.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1302.0111 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-02-17 02:12:16*

**Authors:** M. Pitkanen

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Some of the most recent experimental indications for anomalies on astrophysics, cosmology, and particle physicists are briefly discussed with an interpretation based on basic predictions of TGD.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1302.0109 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-02-17 02:19:53*

**Authors:** M. Pitkanen

**Comments:** 40 Pages.

The generation of matter-antimatter asymmetry remains still poorly understood. Same is true about the generation of matter. In TGD framework the generation of matter can be explained in terms of cosmic strings carrying dark energy identified as K\ähler magnetic energy. Their decay to ordinary and dark matter would be the analog for the decay of the inflaton field to matter and matter-antimatter asymmetry would be generated in this process. The details of the process have not been considered hitherto.
The attempt to see whether the counterparts for the visions about lepto-genesis from right-handed inert neutrinos, baryo-genesis from leptons, and generation of antimatter asymmetry claimed to be possible in standard model framework, could make sense in TGD led to a much more detailed vision about how the primordial cosmic strings carrying only right handed neutrinos could decay to ordinary matter. It also turned out that the "official" version of TGD for which quarks and leptons correspond to different chiralities of imbedding space spinors is enough to achieve also matter antimatter asymmetry.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1302.0108 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-02-16 17:22:05*

**Authors:** B. Borisson

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Experiments at the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) at CERN (CERN)
have recently announced the discovery of the Higgs boson. They are
shying away from calling it the Higgs boson until its properties have been
measured. Due to the dificulties of measuring the Higgs boson's
properties at CERN, which are exacerbated by the LHC shutdown, we consider
the possibilities of measuring Higgs properties elsewhere. Our analyses
focus on the prospects of Higgs measurements from the Sun, but our
conclusions are probably applicable to other Sun-like objects, such as stars.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1302.0100 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-02-15 15:32:28*

**Authors:** John R. Springer

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Experiments performed at the HERA Ring Accelerator, Hamburg, Germany have provided a “New View of the Proton” which shows that the “new” proton contains not just three quarks, but a large number of quarks, anti-quarks and gluons. A model is presented here which confirms this. It in fact, shows the complete internal quark/gluon structure of the proton, neutron, neutral pi, K, and eta mesons, and the muon. It also includes a possible quark (without gluons) structure for the electron and even the photon. Thus, all particles found in nature may have a quark structure.
The model also shows that although precise mass cannot be assigned to either quarks or gluons, it can be assigned to each gluon/quark pair and to each (of many) quark triads and anti-triads.
Finally, in addition, the model shows the emergence of genuine negative mass in the pairing of quark triads and anti-triads. Perhaps, even more important, it unifies the strong and electromagnetic forces.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1302.0097 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-02-15 06:31:51*

**Authors:** Daniele Sasso

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

The concept of nucleon with two values of isospin, deduced from Heisenberg’ s idea, is one of fundamental concepts on the baryon matter in the Standard Model that considers proton and neutron are two different physical states of the same elementary particle (isotopic symmetry). In the Non-Standard Model proton and neutron are two fully different particles with regard to mass, electric charge and spin (in SM the two particles have the same spin); moreover proton is a really elementary stable particle while neutron is a
non-elementary unstable particle. The complete differentiation of proton and neutron implies a review of both the concept of baryon matter and the physical behaviour of baryon particles that in the new Model, when they are in the unstable state, emit on the decay baryon neutrinos. Specifically charged unstable baryons emit neutrinos inside the hard radiation of the delta band (delta-Y radiation with f≥1,13x10^23Hz) and neutral unstable baryons emit neutrinos inside the soft radiation of the delta band (3x10^21Hz≤f<1,13x10^23Hz).

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1302.0094 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-02-14 12:00:53*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The most recent evaluations of the Particle Data Group have made it possible to discern with precision the arrangement of the fundamental massive particles of the Standard Model on the mass levels of a network derived from the Planck Mass.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1302.0080 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-02-18 01:29:07*

**Authors:** Eui Heung Jeong

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

The theory of colored and electrically charged gauge bosons introduced by the author postulates the existence of colorless and electrically neutral quarks which play the same role in decay processes as neutrinos.
We discuss here about the colorless and electrically neutral quarks.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1302.0046 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-04-12 18:37:25*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Version 4 is the final paper which will appear in the Journal of Modern Physics, in their April 2013 "Special Issue on High Energy Physics."

We show how the Koide relationships and associated triplet mass matrices can be generalized to derive the observed sum of the free neutron and proton rest masses in terms of the up and down current quark masses and the Fermi vev to six parts in 10,000. This sum can then be solved for the separate neutron and proton masses using the neutron minus proton mass difference derived by the author in a recent, separate paper. The oppositely-signed charges of the up and down quarks are responsible for the appearance of a complex phase exp(iδ) and real rotation angle θ which leads on an independent basis to mass and mixing matrices similar to that of Cabibbo, Kobayashi and Maskawa (CKM). These can then be used to specify the neutron and proton mass relationships to unlimited accuracy using θ as a nucleon fitting angle deduced from empirical data. This fitting angle is then shown to be related to an invariant of the CKM mixing angles within experimental errors. Also developed is a master mass and mixing matrix which may help to interconnect all baryon and quark masses and mixing angles. The Koide generalizations developed here enable these neutron and proton mass relationships to be given a Lagrangian formulation based on neutron and proton field strength tensors that contain vacuum-amplified and current quark wavefunctions and masses. In the course of development, we also uncover new Koide relationships for the neutrinos, the up quarks, and the down quarks.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1302.0042 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-02-07 02:41:06*

**Authors:** Eui Heung Jeong

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

We propose a model of baryon and lepton number conserving interactions
in which the two states of a quark, a colored and electrically charged state and a colorless and electrically neutral state, can transform into each other through the emission or absorption of a colored and electrically charged gauge boson.
A novel feature of the model is that the colorless and electrically neutral quarks carry away the missing energy in decay processes as do neutrinos.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1302.0034 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-02-05 17:26:26*

**Authors:** John R .McWhinnie

**Comments:** 32 Pages.

Following on from the two part series of documents entitled ” The
Origin of Matter”, in this paper we shall attempt to calculate , using our
previously proposed theories , the properties of the proposed F particle
and later the mass of the F particle as it is used in complex particle
construction. The mass derivation may or may not be possible as these
papers are a journey of discovery and I do not know what kind of results
will be produced. One of the easiest properties to calculate shall be the
size and that should give one an answer to at least the validity of the
theory to a certain extent. It must come out to be in the correct range to
form a proton, If not then the theory is incorrect.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1302.0006 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-02-15 10:59:14*

**Authors:** Alejandro Rivero

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

We propose a reorganisation of the standard
model and their mesons in order to
build supersymmetric multiplets. The
presentation is open to improvements
to choose the adequate candidates in
each recombination.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1302.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-02-01 03:03:12*

**Authors:** B. C. Chanyal, P. S. Bisht, O. P. S. Negi

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

Starting with the usual definations of octonions and split octonions in terms of Zorn vector matrix realization, we have made an attempt to write the consistent form of generalized Maxwell’s equations in presence of electric and magnetic charges.
We have thus written the generalized split octonion potential wave equations and the generalized fields equation of dyons in split octonions. Accordingly the split octonion forms of generalized Dirac Maxwell’s equations are obtained in compact and
consistent manner. Accordingly, we have made an attempt to investigate the work energy theorem or “Poynting Theorem”, Maxwell stress tensor and Lorentz invariant for generalized fields of dyons in split octonion electrodynamics. Our theory of dyons in split octonion formulations is discussed in term of simple and compact notations. This theory reproduces the dynamic of electric (magnetic) in the absence of magnetic (electric) charges.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics