High Energy Particle Physics

1212 Submissions

[14] viXra:1212.0165 [pdf] replaced on 2013-04-06 11:06:13

Predicting the Binding Energies of the 1s Nuclides with High Precision, Based on Baryons which are Yang-Mills Magnetic Monopoles

Authors: Jay R. Yablon
Comments: 22 Pages. Version 4 has been accepted for publication by the Journal of Modern Physics, and will appear in their April 2013 "Special Issue on High Energy Physics."

In an earlier paper, the author employed the thesis that baryons are Yang-Mills magnetic monopoles and that proton and neutron binding energies are determined based on their up and down current quark masses to predict a relationship among the electron and up and down quark masses within experimental errors and to obtain a very accurate relationship for nuclear binding energies generally and for the binding of 56Fe in particular. The free proton and neutron were understood to each contain intrinsic binding energies which confine their quarks, wherein some or most (never all) of this energy is released for binding when they are fused into composite nuclides. The purpose of this paper is to further advance this thesis by seeing whether it can explain the specific empirical binding energies of the light 1s nuclides, namely, 2H, 3H, 3He and 4He, with high precision. As the method to achieve this, we show how these 1s binding energies are in fact the components of inner and outer tensor products of Yang-Mills matrices which are implicit in the expressions for these intrinsic binding energies. The result is that the binding energies for the 4He, 3He and 3H nucleons are respectively, independently, explained to less than four parts in one million, four parts in 100,000, and seven parts in one million, all in AMU. Further, we are able to exactly relate the neutron minus proton mass difference to a function of the up and down quark masses, which in turn enables us to explain the 2H binding energy most precisely of all, to just over 8 parts in ten million. These energies have never before been theoretically explained with such accuracy, which leads to the conclusion that the underlying thesis provides the strongest theoretical explanation to date of what baryons are, and of how protons and neutrons confine their quarks and bind together into composite nuclides. As is also reviewed in Section 9, these results may lay the foundation for more easily catalyzing nuclear fusion energy release.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[13] viXra:1212.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2015-12-08 12:08:44

The Reformulated Asymptotic Freedom

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

Within the Scale-Symmetric Theory we calculated the running coupling for the nuclear strong interactions applying three different methods. They lead to very close theoretical results. At very high energy there appears asymptote for 0.1139. When we add to the strong running coupling calculated within the Scale-Symmetric Theory the correction that follows from the weak interactions associated with the parton-shower production then we obtain theoretical results consistent with experimental data for the “strong” interactions. The Scale-Symmetric Theory shows that the origin of the strong running coupling results from the law of conservation of spin - this law forces that with increasing energy of collision of baryons, absolute mass of the virtual pions which are responsible for the strong interactions decreases. On the other hand, the asymptotic freedom described within the QCD is consistent with experimental data only because of free parameters.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[12] viXra:1212.0104 [pdf] replaced on 2015-12-07 13:13:01

Mass of Higgs Boson and Branching Ratios

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 7 Pages.

Within the Scale-Symmetric Theory we described mass spectrum of the composite Higgs boson with a mass of 125.00 GeV. Due to the quadrupole symmetry characteristic for the weak interactions and due to the interactions of the Higgs-boson pairs with the dominant gluon balls 3.30 GeV, there appear two masses 126.65 ± 0.73 GeV and 123.35 ± 0.73 GeV. Due to the confinement characteristic for the weak interactions, there arise the pairs of Higgs bosons. In their decays appear groups of photons composed of two photon pairs, i.e. composed of four photons, or quadrupoles of leptons. The decays of the Higgs boson pairs into 4 photons lead to the mean central mass of Higgs boson equal to 126.65 GeV whereas the decays into the quadrupoles of leptons lead to the mean central mass 123.35 GeV or 125.00 GeV. The reformulated Theory of Branching Ratios leads to conclusion that the relative signal strength of the decays into two photons to the decays into two Z bosons should be in approximation 1.87 times higher than predicted within the Standard Model. Since there is the pairing of the Higgs bosons then for the decays into two photons, the relative signal strength in relation to the Standard Model is 1.732 whereas for ZZ channel is 0.926.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[11] viXra:1212.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-16 11:13:29

Challenges of Quantum Gravity and Higher-Dimensional Field Theories

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 3 Pages.

We give a concise but incomplete list of reasons why these theories are likely to point in the wrong direction. For the sake of clarity and due to the large volume of research on these topics, no references are included. The interested reader can look for key words describing these references using Google Scholar or similar search engines.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[10] viXra:1212.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-16 11:54:32

The Discovery of What? Ten Questions About the Higgs to the Particle Physics Community

Authors: Alexander Unzicker, Sheilla Jones
Comments: 2 Pages.

2012 seems to become a year to be celebrated in the high energy physics community. ``As a layman, I would say we have it!'' said CERN director general Rolf-Dieter Heuer at the press conference on July 4, 2012, announcing the discovery of a footprint of `something' in the LHC proton collision data. Evidently, such a short statement was necessary because the expert's account of the discovery is a long story to tell. As physicists, we are seeking something in between. We would be curious if there are discussions in the community along our questions; in any case, they don't seem to have got outside so far. Therefore, we would like to invite a broader communication between the particle physics community and the rest of physics.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[9] viXra:1212.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-14 07:49:37

Divagations on Plantal Growing a Study on Stochastic Diagonalization of Plantic Development

Authors: E.C. Kunft, L. Vinagre
Comments: 5 Pages.

We grow a forest in a pot! Have you ever seen it before?! It's incredible, we're good!!
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[8] viXra:1212.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2012-12-14 23:26:46

Has Fermi LAT seen the Higgs ?

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 4 Pages.

Protons from Hydrogen infalling into Sgr A* acquire enough energy and density to produce proton-proton collisions similar to those at the LHC. The 135 GeV Line observed by Fermi LAT is due to proton-proton collisions producing Higgs in the diphoton channel. The125 GeV Higgs-like evidence observed by ATLAS and CMS is also due to proton-proton collisions producing Higgs in the diphoton channel. The difference between 135 GeV at Fermi LAT and 125 GeV at LHC can be accounted for by comparing details of experimental setup and analysis-related assumptions. V2 adds Fermi LAT Earth Limb observations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[7] viXra:1212.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-10 15:20:14

Introduction to the Higgs Boson Papers (Part II)

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 9 Pages. part 2 of 2

I had been blocked from understanding the Higgs role and mechanism through thinking there was only one Higgs boson; the dam burst when I realized there could be more than one Higgs. Suddenly I saw how the various Higgs bosons could serve as a selection mechanism to define, organize, and "gauge" the energy levels or symmetric energy states of several other processes I had known about for some time, such as the compression of the quarks by the "X" IVBs to produce "proton decay", and the creation of leptoquarks by an even higher energy process involving the splitting of primordial charged leptons by "Y" IVBs to produce both electrically charged and neutral leptoquarks. It all fell into place once my mind was opened to the possibility of multiple Higgs bosons, one each to "gauge" or scale the stages of the decay sequences of the cascade. Here was the natural conservation role for the Higgs I was seeking. The quantization of the Higgs and IVBs is necessary to ensure the invariance of the single elementary particles they produce. No matter if this was not the exact same role posited for the Higgs in other sources; given the ambiguity in the technical jargon and explanations I had encountered, it was close enough to satisfy.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[6] viXra:1212.0046 [pdf] replaced on 2012-12-14 23:31:50

3 Fermion Generations from E8 Physics Conformal Gravity/Higgs Sector

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 11 Pages.

The Conformal structure and Casimir Operators of the Conformal Gravity/Higgs Sector of E8 Physics produce 3 Generations of Fermions. V2 adds material about Dark Energy, Dark Matter, and Ordinary Matter and about Fermi LAT observations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[5] viXra:1212.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-04 12:07:14

Ratio 3:1, Tetrahedron Logic, Rotational Symmetry T(12)

Authors: Yuri Danoyan
Comments: 5 Pages.

Examples from the Nature supporting the Ratio 3:1 are given. Concept of Metasymmetry and Broken Metasymmetry (BM) is introduced. The 3:1 Ratio has been found as a numerical measure of BM. An attempt have been made for explanation of BM as total effect Bose(symmetric wave functions) and Fermi(antysimmetric wave functions) mixture. They create together 2-dimensional non-euclidean foam.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[4] viXra:1212.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-04 12:24:27

The Higgs Boson and the Weak Force IVBs: Part III

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 7 Pages. part 3 of 3

The large mass of the Higgs and IVBs actually recreates the energy-density of the primordial environment in which the elementary particles whose transformations they now mediate were originally created. A weak force transformation is in effect a "mimi-Big Bang", reproducing locally the conditions of the global "macro-Big Bang", so that the elementary particles produced by each are the same in every respect. This is the only way such a replication could be accomplished after eons of entropic evolution by the Cosmos (because the mass of the Higgs and IVBs (or of particles generally) is not affected by the entropic expansion, spatial or historic, of the Cosmos. This is the fundamental reason why the weak force transformation mechanism employs massive bosons). The role of the Higgs is to select and gauge the appropriate unified-force symmetric energy-density state (usually the electroweak (EW) force-unification energy level) for the transformation at hand; IVBs appropriate for that particular symmetric energy state (the "W" family of IVBs in the electroweak case) then access (energize) the state and perform the requisite transformation. (See: "The 'W' IVB and the Weak Force Mechanism".)
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[3] viXra:1212.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-04 04:48:37

Physical Nature of Mesons and Principle of Decay in the Non-Standard Model

Authors: Daniele Sasso
Comments: 10 Pages.

In the Standard Model (SM) mesons are considered hadrons like baryons and they have therefore a quark structure. Moreover they are considered bosons because of the exclusive property in the world of massive elementary particles to have integer and equal to zero spin. In this paper we propose both a critical reading of these properties and a new classification for mesons based on the Non-Standard Model (NSM) in which they have a leptonic and electrodynamic nature. The introduction then of the Principle of Decay in the new NSM involves a different classification of elementary particles and at the same time different fundamental physical properties like the spin. In this treatise the complex structure of mesons isn’t considered because their hadron nature comes down and because of their instability we introduce the energy new particle called meson neutrino. Moreover we dentify a different physical behaviour between charged mesons and neutral mesons and let us propose for neutral mesons a physical structure compatible with the positronium.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[2] viXra:1212.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-03 17:04:29

The Higgs Boson and the Weak Force Intermediate Vector Bosons: Part 2

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 6 Pages. part 2 of 3

t should be easier to understand and appreciate the functional activity and role of the weak force (and its associated Higgs bosons) when seen in its full-spectrum array than when glimpsed, as usual, only in its partial, low energy, electroweak domain. At the electroweak energy level the "W" IVB creates/destroys/transforms single leptons and quarks (and transforms, but does not create or destroy, single baryons). The "X" IVB at the GUT energy level creates/destroys single baryons and transforms/destroys but does not create leptoquarks. The "Y" IVB at the TOE energy level creates/transforms/destroys leptoquarks (including the crucially important electrically neutral leptoquarks). Without the "X" and "Y" IVBs, we have no source for either single baryons or electrically neutral leptoquarks, so we need them both (or their analogs). The primordial heavy leptons or "Ylem" (Gamow's term) are evidently created during the "Big Bang" by a group effort involving all four forces.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1] viXra:1212.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2012-12-02 23:30:36

The Uncertainty Principle and Gribov Copies

Authors: Rajan Dogra
Comments: 26 Pages.

In this paper, it is shown that for the hard gluon emitted in 3-jet event, the existence of the Hamiltonian H on a particular gauge orbit is only for the infinitesimal time–period . During this infinitesimal time– period , the uncertainty principle implies that there must be certain minimum amount of uncertainty, or quantum fluctuation in the eigenvalue of the Hamiltonian H of the hard gluon emitted in 3-jet event. One can think of these quantum fluctuations as Gribov copies that appear at some time, move along with the real hard gluon and then get annihilated. Like virtual particles, Gribov copies cannot be observed directly with particle detectors, but their indirect effects like anomalous scaling can be observed and measured.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics