[18] **viXra:1402.0178 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-28 14:42:16*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Unimodular SL(n,R) Gravity in n-dimensional SpaceTime is related to E8 Physics in two ways: to 8-dim SpaceTime and to 4-dim Physical Minkowski M4 SpaceTime. The Unimodular SL(8,R) represents 8-dim SpaceTime as a generalized checkerboard of SpaceTime HyperVolume Elements. The Unimodular SL(4,R) has conformal structure effectively equivalent to that of MacDowell-Mansouri SU(2,2) Conformal Gravity and, further, is useful in resolving the strong CP problem.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[17] **viXra:1402.0164 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-26 23:02:38*

**Authors:** N.S. Baaklini

**Comments:** 24 pages, 148 equations, 10 references

We review the fundamental rules for constructing the regular and the gauge-invariant quantum field action both in the divergence-free approach and in the cutoff approach. Loop computations in quantum electrodynamics of fermionic spinor matter, and also in quantum gravity of fermionic spinor matter, are presented in both approaches. We explain how the results of the divergence-free method correspond to those of the cutoff method. We argue that in a fundamental theory that contains quantum gravity, the cutoff framework might be necessary, whereby the cutoff parameter and the gravitational coupling could be related to each other quite consistently.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[16] **viXra:1402.0157 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-25 07:59:50*

**Authors:** Victor L. Mironov, Sergey V. Mironov

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

We present an alternative type of sixteen-component hypercomplex scalar-vector values named "space-time sedenions", generating associative noncommutative space-time Clifford algebra. The generalization of relativistic quantum mechanics and field theory on the basis of sedenionic space-time operators and hypercomplex wave functions is discussed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[15] **viXra:1402.0154 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-23 10:30:53*

**Authors:** Roger N. Weller

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

A proposed modification of the Standard Model, when applied to the Solar Proton-Proton Cycle, provides a more in-depth explanation of the nuclear reactions within each step of the process.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[14] **viXra:1402.0150 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-03-05 08:56:46*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

This is a rough outline of the minimal math structure needed for my E8 Physics model. It makes clear that a major barrier to understanding it is the amount of not-well-known mathematics of Real Clifford Algebras, Lie Algebras, Bounded Complex Domains, etc. ... No details are given here as they can be found in viXra 1312.0036 and my other viXra papers and my web sites at tony5m17h.net and valdostamuseum.com/hamsmith/ As to why anyone should expend the effort to understand the necessary math, the payoff is the substantially realistic results of E8 Physics calculations set out at the end of this paper. The calculations are mostly tree-level with a few first-order results so further calculation work might bring even closer correspondence with observations. V2 and V3 correct and clarify some typography re gauge groups and spinor fermions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[13] **viXra:1402.0144 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-21 06:36:26*

**Authors:** N.S. Baaklini

**Comments:** 22 pages, 208 equations, 11 references

An SU3 unification theory with the electron, the positron, and the neutrino is reviewed. A 10-spacetime gravidynamic unification of the internal charges and the spin is formulated, with a 16-component Majorana-Weyl fermion that consolidates the foregoing three Weyl particles with the antineutrino, and their Dirac conjugates. Vector bosons and scalar (Higgs) particles are consolidated in an antisymmetric tensor of 3rd rank, being the only tensor, apart from the graviton of 10-spacetime, that can couple to the unifying fermion. We write the Lorentz algebra of 10-spacetime in terms of the 4-spacetime Lorentz algebra and the internal O6 factor, the latter expressed via its U3 subalgebra, and construct the pertinent operator representations. We exhibit the complete structure of the unified gauge-Higgs couplings, indicating the source terms of particle masses. On the basis of this simple unification model, we propose the radical idea that all observed bosonic and fermionic particles, whether leptonic or hadronic, may be composed of just the underlying four fundamental fermions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1402.0108 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-02-22 07:28:57*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

We develop in detail, the classical magnetic monopoles of Yang-Mills gauge theory, and show how these classical monopoles, when analyzed using Gauss’ / Stokes’ theorem, appear to confine their gauge fields, and also, appear to be composite objects. Of course, baryons, which include the protons and neutrons at the heart of nuclear physics, also confine their gauge fields and are similarly-composite objects. This raises the question whether the magnetic monopoles of Yang-Mills theory are in some fashion related to the observed physical baryons. Because this exposition is classical, we also discuss the extent to which classical field theory can be used to effectively analyze baryons and confinement, and what would need to also be considered in a complete quantum field development.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1402.0107 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-16 09:44:21*

**Authors:** Malcolm H. Mac Gregor

**Comments:** Pages.

Elementary particles can be represented as localized concentrations of energy, which act as Higgs energy spheres S. The sphere radius specifies its energy, and hence its coupling to the scalar Higgs field. Massless photon energy spheres are defined by the Planck equation E = hν. Massive particle energy spheres are defined by the fine structure electrostatic energy equation and the fine structure inertial mass equation, which are derived from the fine structure constant α~1/137. Higgs particle generation occurs in two steps: (1) an electrostatic-energy sphere is created; (2) it adiabatically expands radially by a factor of 137 and transforms into a Compton-sized inertial-mass sphere, which represents a Higgs unit energy quantum. Four Higgs energy channels (electron, boson, fermion and gauge boson) accurately reproduce lepton, constituent-quark, hadron, and average-gauge-boson masses.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1402.0091 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-14 05:56:39*

**Authors:** Syed Afsar Abbas

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

It is well known that a quark manifests its current-character and simultaneously its
constituent-character, depending upon what energy scale or length scale one is
interested in for a particular phenomenon. Here we show that there is a fundamental conflict
between these two concepts, when one looks carefully as to how the electric charge
for a quark is defined in these two, current and constituent, structures. This is a crisis for
quantum chromodynamics.
We show then that the topological Skyrme Model comes to the rescue. We prove in this paper as to how unambiguously and uniquely, it is the Skyrme Model which solves this conundrum in
Quantum Chromodynamics.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1402.0085 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-12 23:03:50*

**Authors:** N.S. Baaklini

**Comments:** 11 pages, 8 references, 408 KB

We present the Feynman graphs and the corresponding expressions, up to 4th loop order, for a generic effective quantum field theory action. Whereas there are 2 graphs in the 2-loop order, and 8 graphs in the 3-loop order, we obtain 43 irreducible graphs in the 4-loop order. These results are obtained using Mathematica programming, where the underlying code is capable of generating graphs and expressions to any desired loop order. We explain the associated programming strategy.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1402.0066 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-09 07:01:53*

**Authors:** N.S. Baaklini

**Comments:** 22 pages, 216 equations, 8 references

In a 14-dimensional gravidynamic unification model, the spacetime as well as the internal symmetries of 2 lepton-quark generations would be consolidated in a 64-component Weyl fermion. Alternatively, the latter fermionic multiplet can describe 8 charged leptons, with 8 associated neutrinos, and the corresponding antiparticles. In such a framework, the dynamics of vector bosons, as well as of Higgs scalars, would be generated at the quantum level via unified couplings to a vector, an antisymmetric tensor of 3rd rank, and an antisymmetric tensor of 5th rank. We exhibit the complete SU5 structure of the latter couplings. The underlying SU5 would contain a color SU3 symmetry, in the case of the leptons and quarks, or a family SU3 symmetry, in the alternative model of purely leptonic unification. This work begins by writing the Lorentz algebra of 14 dimensional spacetime in terms of its 4-dimensional Lorentz subalgebra, and an internal O10 factor. The latter is expressed via its U5 subalgebra. The fermionic 64-plet is expressed in terms of 32 Weyl fermions in 4 dimensions. Likewise, the pertinent vector and the tensors are expressed in terms of vectors and scalars in 4 dimensions. The emerging picture regarding the fundamental fermions, and their interactions, would lead to aspects that are describable by the O10 and SU5 unification models, whether the grand unified model of leptons and quarks, or the purely leptonic unification model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1402.0064 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-06-10 07:16:24*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

**Comments:** Pages.

The chiral potential is inverse square. The family of inverse square potentials includes the vector Lorentz potential of the quantum Hall and Aharonov-Bohm effects, and the centrifugal, Coriolis, and three body potentials. The associated impedances are scale invariant, quantum Hall being the most familiar. Modes associated with scale invariant impedances communicate only quantum phase, not an observable in a single quantum measurement. Modes associated with scale dependent impedances, including among others those of the 1/r monopole and 1/r^3 dipole potentials, communicate both phase and energy. Making this clarifying distinction between phase (relative time) and energy explicit presents a new perspective on the anomaly. This approach is introduced via the Rosetta Stone of modern physics, the hydrogen atom. Precise impedance-based pizero, eta, and eta' branching ratio calculations are presented as ratios of polynomials in powers of the fine structure constant, followed by discussion. Mass generation via chiral symmetry breaking is not addressed in the present paper.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1402.0063 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-08 16:09:41*

**Authors:** Christian Corda, Seyed H. Hendi, Reza Katebi, Nathan O. Schmidt

**Comments:** 16 pages, accepted in Advances in High Energy Physics (May 2014 Black Hole Special Issue)

It is known that the nonstrictly thermal character of the Hawking radiation spectrum harmonizes Hawking radiation with black hole (BH) quasi-normal modes (QNM). This paramount issue has been recently analyzed in the framework of both Schwarzschild BHs (SBH) and Kerr BHs (KBH). In this assignment, we generalize the analysis to the framework of nonextremal Reissner-Nordström BHs (RNBH). Such a generalization is important because in both SBHs and KBHs an absorbed (or emitted) particle has only mass. Instead, in RNBHs the particle has charge as well as mass. In doing so, we expose that for the RNBH, QNMs can be naturally interpreted in terms of quantum levels for both particle emission and absorption. Conjointly, we generalize some concepts concerning the RNBH's "effective states".

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1402.0062 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-08 12:29:46*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 40 Pages.

We place the author’s earlier work from [13], [14], [15], [16], [17], [18], [19], [20], [21] into the context of a classical unified field theory of elementary particle physics, nuclear and hadron physics, electrodynamics, and gravitation. This revision contains the unification of classical Maxwell and Yang-Mills electrodynamics with classical gravitation as represented by the field equation Rμν=0 of empty space, and explains how this will be further connected to the physics of nuclear matter as developed in said earlier work.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1402.0036 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-05 20:11:23*

**Authors:** Roger N. Weller

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

A simple algebraic derivation using the Planck constant for a photon and the mass/energy of a proton suggests that the new smaller measurement of the proton radius is accurate.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1402.0033 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-05 07:28:24*

**Authors:** N.S. Baaklini

**Comments:** 3 pages, 2 references, 283 KB

This document demonstrates the use of computer-aided symbolic manipulations in high-energy theory. It includes two Mathematica notebooks that can be safely extracted and viewed. The first notebook shows the manipulations used in a theory dealing with an 18-dimensional unification model, the construction of the associated algebra, and its tensorial and spinorial multiplets, decomposing with respect to 4 dimensions and an internal SU7. The second notebook shows the manipulations used in a theory dealing with E8 unification, the construction of the associated algebra, and its fundamental multiplet, in a decomposition with respect to SU9. We describe the various other comprehensive capabilities of the underlying programming code for symbolic computations in quantum field theory and related manipulations.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1402.0028 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-04 07:28:29*

**Authors:** N.S. Baaklini

**Comments:** 19 pages, 71 equations, 25 references

We study the representations and basic multiplets of the O10 algebra in terms of the SU5 tensorial elements, and construct the coupling of the 45 gauge bosons to the 16 Weyl fermions. After exhibiting the coupling terms corresponding to a single generation of quarks and leptons, pertaining to the usual grand unified theory with electroweak SU2xU1 and color SU3 components, we propose a different approach to the underlying grand symmetry as corresponding to a variety of leptonic particles (electron-like and neutrino-like), and where the decomposition of SU5 proceeds via a family SU3 symmetry. We discuss the implications of such an SU3 family symmetry for the structure of the vector boson spectrum in high-energy collider phenomenology. On the other hand, our scheme promotes the idea that the hadronic constituents, rather than being fractionally charged confined quarks, may turn out to be nothing other than leptonic varieties with integral electric charges. The existence of hadrons as extended objects may find explanation in solitonic solutions of the underlying nonlinear gauge theory. We propose the further incorporation of the theory in a 14-dimensional gravidynamic framework.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1402.0008 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-02-02 08:41:35*

**Authors:** Leonardo Rubino

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Dear readers of Vixra, you know I go on asking myself if in Geneva (and in L’Aquila) they knew that taking into consideration objects (neutrinos) faster than light meant the denial of all well-established physics; also classic physics (classic electromagnetism), not only the special relativity. Such a question, of course, is rhetorical, as they have already provided us with full and public answers. In fact, we all know how all this ended up.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics