[18] **viXra:1712.0603 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-26 06:56:49*

**Authors:** Arijit Bag

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

The presently observed accelerating universe suggests that there is a
possibility of the real existence of ‘Tachyons’ - a Boson class particle theo-
rized to exceed the maximum speed of electro magnetic radiation. Theory
suggests that Tachyons do not violate the theory of Special Relativity despite having a speed greater than that of light in vacuum. But their existence is not confirmed by experiment. In this article, possible properties of
tachyons are discussed which would be helpful to test their existence and
detection. Two thought experiments are proposed to detect them.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[17] **viXra:1712.0551 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-21 14:37:23*

**Authors:** Richard Lighthouse

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

This short paper presents mathematical evidence that the “positron” found in numerous laboratory experiments - is actually a probable version of the muon neutrino, which is ordinary matter, not antimatter. This new evidence is based on the 1024-QAM model as the first Periodic Table for Elementary Particles. There are 16 probable versions of the muon neutrino with one third of the mass of an electron. 4 of these have the same charge-to-mass ratio as a common electron. Another 4 have twice the charge-to-mass as a common electron, but with the opposite charge (+2/3), causing them to move in the opposite direction in a magnetic field. To complicate matters further, note that there are 16 probable versions of an electron, with 4 different charges (0, -1, -1/3, +2/3). A 1024-QAM table was previously presented that graphically displays how all elementary
particles are related, similar to the Standard Periodic Table in chemistry. This paper concludes there is no antimatter available in our universe. All such events can be explained as ordinary matter.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[16] **viXra:1712.0538 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-20 07:22:45*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

The Nuclear Physics with Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics Collaboration (NPLQCD), under the umbrella of the U.S. Quantum Chromodynamics Collaboration, performed the first model-independent calculation of the rate for proton-proton fusion directly from the dynamics of quarks and gluons using numerical techniques. [11] Nuclear physicists are now poised to embark on a new journey of discovery into the fundamental building blocks of the nucleus of the atom. [10] The drop of plasma was created in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). It is made up of two types of subatomic particles: quarks and gluons. Quarks are the building blocks of particles like protons and neutrons, while gluons are in charge of the strong interaction force between quarks. The new quark-gluon plasma is the hottest liquid that has ever been created in a laboratory at 4 trillion C (7 trillion F). Fitting for a plasma like the one at the birth of the universe. [9] Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[15] **viXra:1712.0531 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-12-23 17:07:23*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

It was show that the linear momentum transported by electromagnetic waves has a negative component, in such way that, when a radiation incides on a surface, it is exerted a pressure on opposite direction to the direction of propagation of the radiation. In addition, it was predicted the existence of photons in which the negative component of the momentum is greater than the positive one. These photons were called attractive photons or gravific photons. Here, we show how to produce and to detect this type of photons.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[14] **viXra:1712.0511 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-12-21 15:20:08*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

According to the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), all hadrons are built of the Einstein-spacetime (ES) components (they are the neutrino-antineutrino pairs - their detection is much difficult than neutrinos) and neutrino(s). The ES components are the carriers of the photons and gluons (they are the rotational energies). It leads to conclusion that sometimes we should observe some coincidences in the behaviour of neutrinos and hadrons. Here we show one of such lepton-meson coincidence - there is the similarity of the curves for the neutrino cross-section per neutrino energy in quasi-elastic (QE) scattering and for the kaon-to-pion ratio - in both curves, there is a “horn” and the origin of the separated two curves is the same.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[13] **viXra:1712.0492 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-17 13:40:40*

**Authors:** Peter Sujak

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This paper shows that there is no doubt that a fantasy of the Standard Model has nothing to do with science. This paper is an extension of the Standard Model topic in author's August 2017 published book titled "Einstein's Destruction of Physics". Per this book all references as summary references are directed in this paper.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1712.0487 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-17 05:32:41*

**Authors:** Rui-Cheng LI

**Comments:** 90 Pages.

We introduce a new class of higgs type fields $\{U,U^{\mu},U^{\mu\nu}\}$
with Feynman propagator $\thicksim 1/p^4$, and consider the matching to the traditional gauge fields with propagator $\thicksim 1/p^2$ in the viewpoint of effective potentials at tree level. With some particular restrictions on the convergence, there are a wealth of potential forms
generated by the fields $\{U,U^{\mu},U^{\mu\nu}\}$, such as:
(1) in the case of $U$ coupled to the intrinsic charges of matter fields, electromagnetic Coulomb potential with an extra linear potential and Newton's gravitation could be generated with the operators of different orders from the dynamics of $U$, respectively;
(2) for the matter fields, with the multi-vacuum structure of a sine-Gordon type vector field $A^{\mu}$ induced from $U$, a seesaw mechanism for gauge symmetry and flavor symmetry of fermions could be generated, in which the heavy fermions could be produced; besides, by treating the fermion current as a field, a possible way for renormalizable gravity could be proposed;
(3) the Coulomb potential in electromagnetism and gravitation could be generated by an anti-symmetric field strength of $U^{\mu}$, when it's coupled to the intrinsic charge and momentum of matter fields, respectively; and, except for the Coulomb part in each case, there is a linear and a logarithmic part in the former case which might correspond to the confinement in strong QED, while there is a linear and a logarithmic part in the latter case which might correspond to the dark energy effects in the impulsive case and dark matter effects in the attractive case, respectively; besides, a symmetric field strength of $U^{\mu}$ could also generate the same gravitation form as the anti-symmetric case;
(4) a nonlinear version Klein-Gordon equation, QED and the Einstein's general relativity, could be generated as a low energy approximation of the dynamics of $U$, $U^{\mu}$ and $U^{\mu\nu}$, respectively; moreover, in the weak field case, the gauge symmetry could superficially arise, and, a linear QED, linear gravitation and a 3rd-order tensor version QED could be generated by relating the field strength of $U$, $U^{\mu}$ and $U^{\mu\nu}$ to the corresponding gauge fields, respectively;
(5) for the massive $\{U, U^{\mu}\}$, attractive potentials for particles with the same kind of charges could be generated, which might serve as candidate for
interactions maintaining the s-wave pairing and d-wave pairing Cooper pairs in superconductors, with electric charge in the $U$ case and magnetic moment in the $U^{\mu}$ case as interaction charge, respectively; etc.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1712.0422 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-12 08:57:22*

**Authors:** Sergey V. Vasiliev

**Comments:** 19 Pages. in Russian

The proposed model describes the process of evolution of elementary particles and fundamental interactions of the early Universe, in which the order observed today, described by the standard model of elementary particle physics, develops in several stages with the participation of complementary local and nonlocal processes.
Предлагаемая модель описывает процесс эволюции элементарных частиц и фундаментальных взаимодействий ранней Вселенной, в котором наблюдаемый сегодня порядок, описываемый стандартной моделью физики элементарных частиц, развивается в несколько этапов с участием дополняющих друг друга локальных и нелокальных процессов.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1712.0414 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-12 15:01:54*

**Authors:** Richard Lighthouse

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

This short technical paper presents a new standard model for Elementary Particles. All elementary particle masses are related by simple math. This math is similar to the math used for wifi signals and it is called 1024-QAM. The 1024-QAM table graphically displays how all elementary particles are related, similar to the Standard Periodic Table in chemistry. If we line up all of the particle masses in order, we find there are a number of “gaps.” These are called the "mass gaps", and they line up perfectly with 1024-QAM, which fits the sequence. Supersymmetry (SUSY) is also found to occur with 1024-QAM. Mass Groups 1 thru 8 have heavyweight counterparts which are found in Mass Groups 9 thru 16. New particles appear in groups of 4. Numerous new particles are predicted using 1024-QAM. Each particle mass is shown to have 16 probabilities - 4 charges X 4 spins. The only possible explanation for elementary particles to follow a QAM pattern, is due to a blinking universe. This ebook provides compelling evidence that our universe is literally blinking, off and on.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1712.0411 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-12 15:22:33*

**Authors:** Richard Ligthouse

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

This paper explains the anomalous magnetic moment for all elementary particles and composite particles (such as the proton). The special case regarding the Muon anomaly is addressed. It also presents a summary of the issues in accurately measuring the magnetic dipole moment for elementary particles. The explanation provided involves simple math and probabilities. It is not complex, such as Yang-Mills and related theories. In summary, there is no anomaly. The measurement of the magnetic moment is a time-averaged value for 16 different probabilities (4 charges X 4 spins) for each particle mass, which is consistent with 1024-QAM. To eliminate the anomaly, a measurement of the particle characteristics and magnetic moment must be taken at a rate faster than the blinking universe, or 1.1 trillion cycles per second. Visual graphs and areas for further research are suggested.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1712.0363 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-10 08:14:55*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

The work at the CERN research centre in Switzerland became widely known when the 2013 Nobel-prize-winning discovery of the Higgs boson completed the standard model of particle physics. [9] Usha Mallik and her team used a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to help build a sub-detector at the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest and most powerful particle accelerator, located in Switzerland. They're running experiments on the sub-detector to search for a pair of bottom quarks— subatomic yin-and-yang particles that should be produced about 60 percent of the time a Higgs boson decays. [8] A new way of measuring how the Higgs boson couples to other fundamental particles has been proposed by physicists in France, Israel and the US. Their technique would involve comparing the spectra of several different isotopes of the same atom to see how the Higgs force between the atom's electrons and its nucleus affects the atomic energy levels. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1712.0356 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-08 17:36:33*

**Authors:** Andrzej Okninski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

We study leptonic and semileptonic weak decays working in the framework of Hagen-Hurley equations. It is argued that the Hagen-Hurley equations describe decay of the intermediate gauge boson W. It follows that we get a universal picture with the W boson being a virtual,
off-shell, particle with (partially undefined) spin in the $0\oplus 1$ space.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1712.0344 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-06-07 03:00:23*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 34 Pages.

E8 Physics (viXra 1804.0121) views Higgs as a Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) type Truth Quark -Truth antiQuark Condensate with 3 mass states for Higgs and Truth Quark: Low-mass - 125 GeV Higgs and 130 GeV Truth Quark; Middle-mass - 200 GeV Higgs and 174 GeV Truth Quark; High-mass - 240 GeV Higgs and 220 GeV Truth Quark. This paper is about observations of Higgs and Truth Quark mass states and data analysis such as histogram Error Bars and Bin Widths. Version 5 (v5) adds material about LHCP Bologna 2018.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1712.0341 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-08 05:38:49*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Physicists peering inside the neutron are seeing glimmers of what appears to be an impossible situation. The vexing findings pertain to quarks, which are the main components of neutrons and protons. The quarks, in essence, spin like tops, as do the neutrons and protons themselves. Now, experimenters at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News, Va., have found hints that a single quark can briefly hog most of the energy residing in a neutron, yet spin in the direction opposite to that of the neutron itself, says Science News. [10] The puzzle comes from experiments that aimed to determine how quarks, the building blocks of the proton, are arranged inside that particle. That information is locked inside a quantity that scientists refer to as the proton's electric form factor. The electric form factor describes the spatial distribution of the quarks inside the proton by mapping the charge that the quarks carry. [9] Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1712.0124 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-05 10:39:09*

**Authors:** Pavel Sladkov

**Comments:** 26 Pages.

In paper, which is submitted, electron, proton and neutron are considered as spherical areas, inside which monochromatic electromagnetic wave of corresponding frequency spread along parallels, at that along each parallel exactly half of wave length for electron and proton and exactly one wave length for neutron is kept within, thus this is rotating soliton. This is caused by presence of spatial dispersion and anisotropy of strictly defined type inside the particles. Electric field has only radial component, and magnetic field - only meridional component. By solution of corresponding edge task, functions of distribution of electromagnetic field inside the particles and on their boundary surfaces were obtained. Integration of distribution functions of electromagnetic field through volume of the particles lead to system of algebraic equations, solution of which give all basic parameters of particles: charge, rest energy, mass, radius, magnetic moment and spin.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1712.0118 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-06-02 07:01:07*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

We show that relativistic invariance is encoded in the multifractal structure of the Standard Model near the electroweak scale. The approximate scale invariance of this structure accounts for the flavor hierarchy and chiral symmetry breaking in the electroweak sector. Surprisingly, it also accounts for breaking of conformal symmetry in General Relativity and the emergence of a non-vanishing cosmological constant.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1712.0083 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-04 04:45:31*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In the Standard Model (SM), neutrinos interact with quarks through charged current interactions (mediated by W bosons) and neutral current interactions (mediated by Z bosons). When we take into account the uncertainties then the measured in accelerator and the IceCube experiments cross-sections for neutrinos divided by their energy are consistent with the SM predictions. But there is still the proton spin crisis concerning the quarks and gluons so the SM assumptions for the neutrino-nucleon scattering are not clear. Here we calculated the ratios of cross section for neutrinos to neutrino energy using the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). According to SST, rotating neutrino produces a halo and disc (it looks as a miniature of active massive galaxy) both composed of the Einstein spacetime components which gravitate and are local i.e. are non-relativistic. The sum of masses of the neutrino halo and disc is equal to the neutrino energy. On the other hand, cross-section of neutrino is defined by radius of the disc which density is much higher than the neutrino halo. Below the threshold neutrino energy equal to 2.67 TeV, pions and other hadrons are not produced in the cost of neutrino energy (their production decreases both radii i.e. of the halo and disc) so the ratio of cross-section to neutrino energy is invariant. Above the threshold energy, more and more neutrino energy is consumed on the production of pions and heavier hadrons - it leads to a slower increase in cross section at higher energies in such a way that the ratio of cross section to neutrino energy decreases practically to zero for neutrino energy about 2,800 TeV (this is due to the scattering on heaviest atomic nuclei). The threshold energy for antineutrinos is two times higher than for neutrinos but the ratio of cross section to antineutrino energy for energies lower than the threshold energy is two times lower than for neutrinos - it follows from the internal helicities of nucleons, muons, neutrinos and antineutrinos. Obtained results are consistent with experimental data and we can verify presented here model because of the SST predictions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1712.0021 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-12-02 10:10:29*

**Authors:** Syed Afsar Abbas, Mohsin Ilahi, Sajad Ahmad Sheikh, Sheikh Salahudin

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The Standard Model in spite of being the most successful model of particle physics, has a well-known shortcoming/weakness;
and which is that the electric charges of quarks of magnitude 2/3 and -1/3 are not properly quantized in it and are
actually fixed arbitrarily.
In this paper we show that under a proper in-depth study, in reality these charges are found to be basically "wrong".
This is attributed to their lack of proper colour-dependence.
Here the proper and correct quark charges are shown to be actually intrinsically colour dependent and which
in turn give consistent and correct description of baryons in QCD.
Hence these colour dependent charges are the correct ones to use in particle physics.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics