[4] **viXra:1004.0128 [pdf]**
*submitted on 29 Apr 2010*

**Authors:** Alon Retter

**Comments:**
6 pages.

We examine the basic term 'particle'. We start by exploring a universe that contains a single
particle. In such a universe there is no meaning for motion, energy, space and time. Only for a two
particles universe the physical quantities can be measured. However, the determination of the
physical quantities implies that the particles are not separated from each other! We thus propose that
all particles are interconnected. This novel perception naturally explains the two well known
paradoxes: the twin-electrons experiment and Schrödinger's cat. In fact, we argue that the twinelectrons
experiment is an actual proof for global non-detachment. We state that it cannot be shown
that a particle is elementary. If one is divided by two numerous times, zero is never reached. There
must be a jump into zero - the singularity. The sought Higgs particle is simply the singularity itself,
which cannot be found, having no properties.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1004.0101 [pdf]**
*submitted on 19 Apr 2010*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 10 pages

Particles resulting from the breaking of symmetries are arranged symmetrically
about mass levels that descend in geometric progression from the Planck Mass
within three sequences, of common ratio 1/π, 2/π and 1/e. Particles arranged in
this way include the weak gauge bosons W^{±} and Z^{0}, the quark weak isospin
doublets u-d, s-c and b-t, and all hadronic isospin doublets. Many pairs of
hadrons with some common quark content also form symmetric partnerships.
Often, the mass difference characterising a partnership is precisely equal to the
mass of a level. The spin-0 partners of the quarks and charged leptons are
identified. The mass sequences may derive from the geometry of compact extra
spaces of Planck scale.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1004.0075 [pdf]**
*submitted on 11 Apr 2010*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 17 pages, This contribution is a sequel to EPL, 82 (2008), 11001. Its content has been updated and expanded with research findings
from 2008 up to the present.

Quantum field theories, regardless of their content, lead to a finite or infinite number of coupled nonlinear
field equations. In general, solving these equations in analytic form or managing them through lattice-based
computations has been met with limited success. We argue that the theory of nonlinear dynamical systems
offers a fresh approach to this challenge. Working from the universal route to chaos in coupled systems of
differential equations, we find that: a) particles acquire mass as plane wave solutions of the complex
Ginzburg-Landau equation (CGLE), without any reference to the hypothetical Higgs scalar; b) the
U(1) x SU(2) and SU(3) gauge groups, as well as leptons and quarks, are sequentially generated

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1004.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 6 Apr 2010*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 16 pages, This contribution is a sequel to a paper published in Hadronic Journal, Vol. 31(6), p.179, 2008.

Despite its remarkable predictive power, the Standard Model for particle physics (SM) leaves out many
open questions. Two representative examples are the issue of CP violation and the anomalous magnetic
moment of leptons (AMM). Our work develops from the premise that the postulate of unitary evolution no
longer holds near or above the scale of electroweak interaction or near the "new physics" sector of SM.
Results suggest that CP violation in kaon physics and the AMM problem are manifestations of nonequilibrium
dynamics. Numerical predictions are found to be in close agreement with experimental data.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics