High Energy Particle Physics

1009 Submissions

[6] viXra:1009.0076 [pdf] submitted on 29 Sep 2010

Elliptic Curves and Hyperdeterminants in Quantum Gravity

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 7 pages. Published in Prespacetime Journal, Vol. 1, Issue 8, pp. 1218-1224 (2010)

Hyperdeterminants are generalizations of determinants from matrices to multi-dimensional hypermatrices. They were discovered in the 19th century by Arthur Cayley but were largely ignored over a period of 100 years before once again being recognised as important in algebraic geometry, physics and number theory. It is shown that a cubic elliptic curve whose Mordell-Weil group contains a Z2 x Z2 x Z subgroup can be transformed into the degree four hyperdeterminant on a 2x2x2 hypermatrix comprising its variables and coefficients. Furthermore, a multilinear problem defined on a 2x2x2x2 hypermatrix of coefficients can be reduced to a quartic elliptic curve whose J-invariant is expressed in terms of the hypermatrix and related invariants including the degree 24 hyperdeterminant. These connections between elliptic curves and hyperdeterminants may have applications in other areas including physics.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[5] viXra:1009.0072 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-20 11:19:35

Symmetry Principles of the Unified Field Theory: Part 3 Summary

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 9 Pages. Paper is in 3 parts due to length. Revising abstract.

Abstract The Cosmos begins with a (very) high energy form of free electromagnetic energy: light. Light is the purest, simplest, and most symmetric energy form known (massless, timeless, chargeless). But - evidently there is no sufficient reason to prevent this - light also exists in the alternative form of symmetric particle-antiparticle pairs, which usually simply annihilate, reverting to light. Sometimes, however, instead of annihilating, light's alternative form of symmetric particle-antiparticle pairs is converted (through weak-force symmetry-breaking), into asymmetric single particles of bound electromagnetic energy, producing atomic matter. Atomic matter is an alternative, bound, massive, and temporally (historically) conserved incarnation of light's free, massless, spatial (and timeless) form. In matter, light's raw energy is conserved as mass and momentum; light's symmetry is conserved as charge and spin; light's spatial entropy drive (intrinsic motion) is conserved as matter's temporal entropy drive (intrinsic motion); light's spatial continuity is conserved as historical causality. Gravity converts light's spatial entropic domain into matter's temporal entropic domain, and vice versa (gravity creates time from space and vice versa). Energy Conservation, Symmetry Conservation, Entropy, and Causality/Information are the four principle conservation parameters of the "Tetrahedron Model", and constitute the foundations of natural or physical law which underlie and support the Unified Field Theory of the four physical forces. (See: "The 'Tetrahedron Model' of the Unified Field Theory"). In this paper I explore the connections between of the four physical forces, with special emphasis upon their symmetry relations under the unifying mantle of Noether's symmetry conservation theorem - which I paraphrase as: "The charges of matter are symmetry debts of light". The particles of matter bear light's symmetry debts as charges; these charges produce forces which act to spontaneously return the asymmetric massive system of matter to its symmetric massless origin as light (including such processes as particle-antiparticle annihilations; various astrophysical processes converting bound to free energy (stars, supernovas, quasars, etc.); Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes, and possibly even "proton decay"). "Information" and the carbon atom provide connecting links between Life and the abiotic universe. "Given" or "underived" physical constants are presumed to originate in the "Multiverse". The enduring mystery of the Universe is not in physics but in biology: how do we get from mud to man? From the periodic table to Beethoven's ninth symphony? From the galaxies to philosophy? In some form, the information must be in the atoms from the beginning, or it could not be there at the end.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[4] viXra:1009.0066 [pdf] submitted on 23 Sep 2010

Nonlinear Theory of Elementary Particles: 4.the Intermediate Bosons and Mass Generation Theory

Authors: Alexander G. Kyriakos
Comments: 13 pages

The purpose of this chapter of nonlinear theory of elementary particles (NTEP) is to describe the mechanism of generation of massive elementary particles. The theory, presented below, indicates the possibility of the particle mass production by means of massive intermediate boson, but without the presence of Higgs's boson. It is shown that nonlinearity is critical for the appearance of particles' masses.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[3] viXra:1009.0061 [pdf] submitted on 21 Sep 2010

Do Experiment and the Correspondence Principle Oblige Revision of Relativistic Quantum Theory?

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 15 pages, Also archived as arXiv:1009.3584 [physics.gen-ph].

Recent preliminary data gathered by the Fermilab MINOS Collaboration suggest with 95% confidence that the mass of the muon neutrino differs from that of its antineutrino partner, which contradicts the entrenched relativistic quantum theory notion that a free antiparticle is a negative-energy free particle compelled to travel backwards in time. Also a discrepancy of about five standard deviations in the value of the proton charge radius recently obtained from muonic hydrogen versus that previously obtained from electronic hydrogen casts doubt on the calculation of the dominant relativistic QED contributions to the effects that are actually measured (e.g., the Lamb shift): these QED contributions dominate proton charge radius contributions less in muonic hydrogen than in electronic hydrogen. The negative-energy "free particles" of entrenched relativistic quantum theory are well-known features of the Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations, which are shown to have many other unphysical features as well. The correspondence principle for relativistic particles is incompatible with these two equations, produces no unphysical features and implies only positive energies for free particles, which eliminates the very basis of the entrenched notion of antiparticles, as well as of the CPT theorem. This principle thus requires antiparticles to arise from charge conjugation (or more generally CP) invariance, whose known breaking is naturally expected to produce mass splitting between particle and antiparticle, in consonance with the preliminary MINOS data. It also requires revamping of relativistic QED, which is in accord with the doubt cast on it by the proton charge radius results, and implies that QED is nonlocal, i.e. has no Hamiltonian density.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[2] viXra:1009.0003 [pdf] submitted on 1 Sep 2010

7.0 Gev Dark Matter Candidate Could be the Missing Particle in Planck Framework

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 6 pages, including 3 figures.

In a recent paper, Hooper et al. have shown that the excess of low energy events observed by the CoGeNT collaboration and the annual modulation observed for some years by the DAMA and DAMA/LIBRA collaborations could be explained by a dark matter particle with a mass of approximately 7.0 GeV. Such a dark matter candidate could be the missing particle within a framework that relates particle masses to the Planck Mass. Massive particles occupy coincident levels and sublevels within three sequences that descend in geometric progression, with common ratios 1/π, 2/π and 1/e, from the Planck Mass. The putative fundamental particles are arranged precisely upon or, in partnership, about mass superlevels and their coincidences within sequences with common ratios (1/π)3, (2/π)3 and (1/e)3. Four close superlevel coincidences, of which three are occupied, occur within the range of mass scales from that of the electron to that of the top quark. The fourth and uniquely precise superlevel coincidence occurs at 7.0 GeV.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1] viXra:1009.0002 [pdf] replaced on 3 Sep 2010

Causality is Inconsistent with Quantum Field Theory

Authors: Fred Alan Wolf
Comments: 15 pages

It is shown that the usual quantum field theoretical argument for the vanishing of the commutator (VC) for spacelike separated fields implying causality is not tenable. For VC to be tenable negative energy antiparticles traveling forward in time must exist and negative energy particles traveling backward in time are not allowed. Hence VC denies the existence of positive energy antiparticles.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics