[21] **viXra:1508.0296 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-28 16:01:41*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Pions apparently give strength to the strong force. Where does this meson get its mass. It is made of up and down quarks with a plus or minus one charge. Imagine the insides of a so called elementary particle with jazillions of Kaluza spheres with size and frequency on the order of Planck length and time. Each one is paired with another of exactly opposite rotation. Going from an incremental/discrete scale of rotation fraction to minus one to plus one on the x, y, and z axes. Instead of going down to the 16th dimension, Pion’s, quarks, and other mesons may only go to the 9th dimension. At least that is what these equations hint at.
Matching the energy effects these matched pairs may be result in the mass ratios of elementary particles. The mass ratio calculations for the Pion’s are shown in this paper. Instead of these particles being connected to the neutron, the Pions, quarks, and other Mesons, may be connected to a mass ratio to the Proton. At least, that is what these equations hint at.
This paper is a comparison to “Energy Derivation of Mass Ratio’s of Pions. This theory seems more likely as the sum of Energy Loss of particles in direct collisions of particles. This energy loss will be shown in a separate paper.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[20] **viXra:1508.0294 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-28 12:53:48*

**Authors:** Valeriy Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

We postulate the non-commutativity of 4-momenta and we derive the mass splitting in the Dirac equation. The applications are discussed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[19] **viXra:1508.0289 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-27 22:50:55*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Pions apparently give strength to the strong force. Where does this meson get its mass. It is made of up and down quarks with a plus or minus one charge. Imagine the insides of a so called elementary particle with jazillions of Kaluza spheres with size and frequency on the order of Planck length and time. Each one is paired with another of exactly opposite rotation. Going from an incremental/discrete scale of rotation fraction to minus one to plus one on the x, y, and z axes. Instead of going down to the 10th dimension, Pion’s, quarks, and other mesons may only go to the 7th dimension. At least that is what these equations hint at.
Matching the energy effects these matched pairs may be result in the mass ratios of elementary particles. The mass ratio calculations for the Pion’s are shown in this paper. Instead of these particles being connected to the neutron, the Pions, quarks, and other Mesons, may be connected to a mass ratio to the Proton. At least, that is what these equations hint at.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[18] **viXra:1508.0184 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-22 06:42:03*

**Authors:** Peter Hickman

**Comments:** 2 Pages. Update & extended 1508.0117 - Lie groups of SM arise naturally

G matrices are matrices with single entries 1,i. It is shown that the G matrices generate the Cl(p,q), SU(n), SO(n) generators and the matrix representation of CAR and CCR operators. The exponential map of the direct sum of so(n) and su(n) results in an expression for the dimension of a SU(N) group. The spatial dimension n is found to be restricted to 2 or 3 dimensions. It is shown that the unitary representation of SO(3), the spin space of 2x2 SU(2) matrices arises naturally. It is shown that there are 3 generations of chiral electroweak doublets of quarks. The CAR & CCR are invariant under a real scaling of the operators only for a null space-time (n,1) metric condition on the co-ordinates.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[17] **viXra:1508.0174 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-21 07:57:49*

**Authors:** Andrei P. Kirilyuk

**Comments:** 38 pages, 28 eqs, 45 refs; English translation of a published paper in Russian, http://www.imp.kiev.ua/nanosys/ua/articles/2015/1/nano_vol13_iss1_p0161p0199_2015_abstract.html

Introduction of a new physical entity, the omnipresent Higgs field and bosons, in the Standard Model of elementary particles and interactions is related to the absence of the universal dynamical origin of particle mass in this standard description, which is compensated for by particle interaction with the Higgs field. In this paper we propose an extended review of the theory of complex dynamics of unreduced interaction in multicomponent systems, which provides such universal dynamic and intrinsic origin of mass appearing, in the case of elementary particles, together with particles themselves. The same complex-dynamic interaction in the initial minimal system of two homogeneous protofields accounts also for the emergence of all other internal and dynamical particle properties and fundamental interactions (now dynamically unified). We consider particular advantages of such complex-dynamic origin of mass as compared to the Higgs mechanism and propose the respective Higgsless interpretation of recent experimental results of the "Higgs boson discovery" at the Large Hadron Collider. Finally, we formulate the necessary essential changes of the entire strategy of research in high-energy physics and fundamental physics in general, following from the obtained results.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[16] **viXra:1508.0173 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-21 10:45:05*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

PHYSICS may be shifting to the right. Tantalizing signals at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider near Geneva, Switzerland, hint at a new particle that could end 50 years of thinking that nature discriminates between left and right-handed particles. [4]
The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[15] **viXra:1508.0168 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-21 01:14:23*

**Authors:** Syed Afsar Abbas

**Comments:** 6 Pages. JSRI Preprint: JSRI-6/2015

Two conflicting theoretical structures,
one using the non-relativistic Schroedinger
equation and the other using relativistic energy, are used simulataneously to derive the expression, for example for
$P_{\nu_\mu \rightarrow \nu_\tau} (t)}$,
to study the neutrino oscillations. This has been confirmed experimentally.
Here we try to resolve the above theoretical inconsistency.
We show that this can be done in a single consistent theoretical framework
which demands that the neutrinos be superluminal.
We therefor predict that in the neutrino appearance experiments ( for example
$P_{\nu_\mu \rightarrow \nu_\tau} (t)$ ) the neutrinos shall be seen to travel with velocities which are faster than that of light.
The experimentalists are urged to try to confirm this prediction.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[14] **viXra:1508.0157 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-12-19 13:08:29*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 142 Pages.

Run-2 2015-16 of the LHC will probably, when enough data is collected, show whether or not there exist two new Standard Model Higgs mass states, around 200 GeV and around 250 GeV, each with cross sections around 25% of the full Standard Model cross section for the 125 GeV state. Run-1 results were consistent with the existence of those two new Higgs mass states, but were also consistent with their peaks being statistical fluctuations that could go away with more data from Run-2. The purpose of this paper is two-fold: 1 - To describe my E8 Physics Model, which predicts the existence of those two new Higgs mass states around 200 GeV and 250 GeV, and which allows calculation of realistic particle masses, force strengths, K-M parameters, Dark Energy : Dark Matter : Ordinary Matter ratio, etc, a description of which takes up pages 6 through 105 (the end) of this paper; and 2 - To describe the status of the LHC Run-2 data that will show the existence or non-existence of the two new Higgs mass states around 200 GeV and 250 GeV with cross sections about 25% or so of the 125 GeV Higgs mass state cross section, and therefore either support my E8 Physics Model or kill it. Since it may be well into 2016 before Run-2 has enough data to decide the issue, I expect to replace this paper with updated versions throughout Run-2 until it has decided the issue. Version 2 (v2) adds some details to the description of my E8 physics model. Version 3 (v3) adds material about Ghosts, Dark Energy, and AQFT Quantum Codes. Version 4 (v4) adds results of LHC Run-2 for 2015. Version 5 (v5) adds commentary on ATLAS Run-2 2015 results.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[13] **viXra:1508.0136 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-17 09:01:55*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

To measure the mass of neutrinos, scientists study radioactive decays in which they are emitted. An essential ingredient is the decay energy which corresponds to the mass difference between the mother and daughter nuclei. This decay energy must be known with highest precision. A team of scientists now succeeded to resolve a severe discrepancy of the decay energy for the artificial holmium (Ho) isotope with mass number 163. [4]
The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1508.0117 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-15 13:11:19*

**Authors:** Peter Hickman

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

G matrices are matrix generators with single entries 1,i. It is shown that the G matrices generate the Cl(p,q), SU(n), SO(n) generators and the matrix representation of CAR and CCR operators. The direct sum of SO(n) and SU(n) results in an expression for the dimension of a SU(N) group. The spatial dimension n is found to be only to 2 or 3 dimensions. It is shown that the unitary representation of SO(3), the spin space of 2x2 SU(2) matrices arises naturally. It follows that there are 3 generations of 8 fermions and 2 complex scalar doublets. The CAR & CCR are invariant under a real scaling of the operators only for a null space-time metric condition on the co-ordinates. Spin conservation requires the generation of spin 1, 2 bosons which is the reason for interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1508.0097 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-13 12:45:51*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Evidence of a fourth ultra-high energy neutrino—the highest-energy neutrino yet—has been detected by the South Pole-based IceCube experiment, a project that Berkeley Lab researchers helped build and to which they currently contribute analysis. [5]
A group observed a beam of muon neutrinos from CERN and detected the tau neutrinos some of them transformed into. The results clearly show that muon neutrinos can transform into tau neutrinos. A similar group working with the Super-Kamiokande neutrino detector observed electron neutrinos from a muon neutrino beam. So we now have directed evidence of neutrino oscillation. [4]
The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1508.0095 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-13 09:42:58*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

In a stringent test of a fundamental property of the standard model of particle physics, known as CPT symmetry, researchers from the RIKEN-led BASE collaboration at CERN have made the most precise measurements so far of the charge-to-mass ratio of protons and their antimatter counterparts, antiprotons. [10]
The puzzle comes from experiments that aimed to determine how quarks, the building blocks of the proton, are arranged inside that particle. That information is locked inside a quantity that scientists refer to as the proton’s electric form factor. The electric form factor describes the spatial distribution of the quarks inside the proton by mapping the charge that the quarks carry. [9]
Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1508.0094 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-09-03 16:17:42*

**Authors:** Mario Everaldo de Souza

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Just a small improvement

We propose that the two resonant states of the recently found pentaquark by LHCb with masses of 4380 MeV and 4450 MeV are two states of the hadronic molecule ccbar + proton with similar properties to those of the Karliner-Lipkin pentaquark. Applying the Morse molecular potential to the molecule its minimum size is estimated. If S states exist, the first two possible S states are suggested and their energies are estimated. It is shown that the coupling constant is close to that of charmonium, and this may mean Physics Beyond the Standard Model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1508.0078 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-11 01:26:03*

**Authors:** Syed Afsar Abbas

**Comments:** 5 Pages. JSRI Preprint: JSRI-5/2015

A subtle but very real difference in how the Pauli Exclusion Principle is applicable to
baryons in three-quark systems and to those in multiquark systems is presented.
This distinction creates no important physical manifestations for structures with light quarks, as in case of the SU(3)-flavour
group with (u,d,s)-quarks.
However it does produce significant effects for multiquark systems containing one or more heavy quarks like the c- and b-quarks.
In fact, these consequences permit us to comprehend the structure of the two pentaquark states at
4.38 and 4.45 Gev, which were discovered recently
by the LHCb Collaboration at CERN.
This model makes a unique prediction
of the existence of similar two new pentaquarks with structure (uudb$\bar{b}$) and with similar spin assignments as above.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1508.0065 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-08-13 17:47:58*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Physical interpretations of the 240 Root Vectors of E8 are given by Garrett Lisi (arXiv 1506.08073) and by Tony Smith (viXra 1405.0030) using, respectively, an 8-circle x 30 vertex projection to 2-dim and a square/cube vertex projection to 2-dim. This paper compares the two interpretations and their projections and gives a graphical view of the physical interpretations of viXra 1405.0030 using the square/cube projection. Version 2 [v2] adds full viXra reference number and revises graphics and discussion.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1508.0051 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-07 04:40:23*

**Authors:** Colin James BSc BA MInstP

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

This paper suggests an alternative mechanism to account for the dominant abundance of matter over antimatter in our observed universe by looking at the production side of baryons and antibaryons in the very early universe. The Sakharov conditions
appear to be met.
It is suggested that an aspect of baryogenesis may have been similar to the physics of randomly forming only one isomer from two possible identical energy isomers by non-biased (achiral) stimulus. Research is cited where random 100% one isomer (complete single chirality) is produced without bias from a mixture that should produce a 50%/50% mix of two isomers as they have equal energy and equal probability of being formed.
A similar chance resolution in the production of baryons and antibaryons to generate baryons as the majority might have applied in the very early universe.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1508.0049 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-06 13:01:40*

**Authors:** Valeri V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 18 Pages. The talk presented at the Meeting of the DPF of the APS, May 24-28, 2002, The College W&M, Williamsburg, VA, USA, May 26, 2002

The amplitude of Higgs-Higgs interaction is calculated in the Standard Model in the framework of the Sirlin's renormalization
scheme in the unitary gauge. The one-loop corrections for lambda, the constant of 4chi interaction are compared with the previous results of L. Durand et al. obtained on using
the technique of the equivalence theorem, and in the different gauges.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1508.0030 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-03 15:02:44*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

In a new blow for the futuristic "supersymmetry" theory of the universe's basic anatomy, experts reported fresh evidence Monday of subatomic activity consistent with the mainstream Standard Model of particle physics. [9]
New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1508.0020 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-02 11:09:12*

**Authors:** V. V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 14 Pages. http://www.physics.sk/aps/pubs/2000/aps-2000-50-6-629.pdf

We argue that self/anti-self charge conjugate states of the (1/2,0)+(0,1/2) representation
possess axial charges. Furthermore, we analyze recent claims of the sigma [Ax A*] interaction
terms for “fermions”. Finally, we briefly discuss the problem in the (1,0)+(0,1) representation.
PACS: 11.30.Er, 12.60.-i, 14.60.St

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1508.0019 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-02 11:16:44*

**Authors:** V. V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 9 Pages. http://www.actaphys.uj.edu.pl/_cur/store/vol29/pdf/v29p0619.pdf

Gauge transformations of type-II spinors are considered in the Majorana–
Ahluwalia construct for self/anti-self charge conjugate states. Some speculations
on the relations of this model with the earlier ones are given.
PACS numbers: 11.30. Er, 12.10. Dm, 12.60. -i, 14.60. St

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1508.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-08-02 11:21:22*

**Authors:** Valeriy V. Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 6 Pages. http://www.actaphys.uj.edu.pl/_cur/store/sup6/pdf/s6p0065.pdf

We construct self/anti-self charge conjugate (Majorana-like) states for
the (1/2, 0)⊕(0, 1/2) representation of the Lorentz group, and their analogs
for higher spins within the quantum field theory. The problems of the
basis rotations and that of the selection of phases in the Dirac-like and
Majorana-like field operators are considered. The discrete symmetries properties
(P, C, T) are studied. The corresponding dynamical equations are
presented. In the (1/2, 0) ⊕ (0, 1/2) representation they obey the Diraclike
equation with eight components, which has been first introduced by
Markov. Thus, the Fock space for corresponding quantum fields is doubled
(as shown by Ziino). The particular attention has been paid to the questions
of chirality and helicity (two concepts which are frequently confused
in the literature) for Dirac and Majorana states, and to the normalization
(“the mass dimension”). We further review several experimental consequences
which follow from the previous works of M. Kirchbach et al. on
neutrinoless double beta decay, and G.J. Ni et al. on meson lifetimes. The
results are generalized for spins 1, 3/2 and 2.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics