High Energy Particle Physics

1905 Submissions

[15] viXra:1905.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-20 20:20:13

Particle Wave Duality is False

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

if you push a mass to the speed of light it takes a lot of work now if you push a larger mass it take a larger work to push it at a time larger by the larger mass/mass coefficient velocity here is all that matters do you think electromagnetic waves has inertia if it has mass do waves have inertia? arent waves propagation of momentum? waves are because of masses hitting each other and inertia of these masses in some way there is nothing called a wave so the principle of mass wave duality is wrong
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[14] viXra:1905.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-19 12:15:20

Calculation of the Fine-Structure Constant

Authors: Jesús Sánchez
Comments: 10 Pages. Published on: Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, 2018, 4, 510-518

The fine-structure constant α [1] is a constant in physics that plays a fundamental role in the electromagnetic interaction. It is a dimensionless constant, defined as: α=q^2/(2ε_0 hc)=0.0072973525664 (1) Being q the elementary charge, εo the vacuum permittivity, h the Planck constant and c the speed of light in vacuum. The value shown in (1) is according CODATA 2014 [2]. In this paper, it will be explained that the fine-structure constant is one of the roots of the following equation: cos⁡(α^(-1) )=e^(-1) (2) being e the mathematical constant e (the base of the natural logarithm). One of the solutions of this equation is: α=0.0072973520977 (3) This means that it is equal to the CODATA value in nine decimal digits (or the seven most significant ones if you prefer). And therefore, the difference between both values is: Difference=(α(1)-α(3))/(α(1))·100=0.00000642% (4) This coincidence is higher in orders of magnitude than the commonly accepted necessary to validate a theory towards experimentation. As the cosine function is periodical, the equation (2) has infinite roots and could seem the coincidence is just by chance. But as it will be shown in the paper, the separation among the different solutions is sufficiently high to disregard this possibility. It will also be shown that another elegant way to show equation (2) is the following (being i the imaginary unit): e^(i/α)-e^(-1)=-e^(-i/α)+e^(-1) (5) Having of course the same root (3). The possible meaning of this other representation (5) will be explained.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[13] viXra:1905.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-20 01:46:04

Entanglement Inside Protons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [28] Protons in neutron-rich nuclei have a higher average energy than previously thought, according to a new analysis of electron scattering data that was first collected in 2004. [27] Physics textbooks might have to be updated now that an international research team has found evidence of an unexpected transition in the structure of atomic nuclei. [26] The group led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL and international colleagues have used ultrafast transmission electron microscopy to take attosecond energy-momentum resolved snapshots (1 attosecond = 10-18 or quintillionths of a second) of a free-electron wave function. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been "squeezed" to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by "twisted light" can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[12] viXra:1905.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-11 08:37:38

Particle Manipulation Methods

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers at Aalto University have discovered a surprising phenomenon that changes how we think about how sound can move particles. [31] Large-scale plasmonic metasurfaces could find use in flat panel displays and other devices that can change colour thanks to recent work by researchers at the University of Cambridge in the UK. [30] Particles in solution can grow, transport, collide, interact, and aggregate into complex shapes and structures. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[11] viXra:1905.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-10 10:13:55

Atomic Nuclei and Proton Collisions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Collisions of lead nuclei take place under extreme physical conditions. Their course can be described using a model which assumes that the transforming, extremely hot matter—the quark-gluon plasma—flows in the form of hundreds of streaks. [44] Physicists recently investigated the behavior of particles in a dusty plasma at a temperature below 2 degrees K. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[10] viXra:1905.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-09 13:34:47

Single-Atom Imaging Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

A new technique to enable the detection of a hypothetical process called neutrinoless double beta decay has been developed by an international team of physicists. [39] Determining features of the elusive particle known as a neutrino-through the observation of an extremely rare nuclear process called neutrinoless double-beta decay (The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34] The occasional decay of neutrons into dark matter particles could solve a long-standing discrepancy in neutron decay experiments. [33] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved funding and start of construction for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB experiment, which will begin operations in the early 2020s to hunt for hypothetical dark matter particles called weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. [32] Thanks to low-noise superconducting quantum amplifiers invented at the University of California, Berkeley, physicists are now embarking on the most sensitive search yet for axions, one of today's top candidates for dark matter. [31]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[9] viXra:1905.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-08 10:41:54

About Magnetic Matter

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages

The article discusses the properties of hypothetical magnetic matter consisting of magnetic monopoles and methods of production. The atoms of magnetic matter are bound together by magnetic forces. Electric forces are only sinusoidal. Therefore magnetic matter does not interact with ordinary matter. These qualities play a far-reaching role in technical development in the future. For example, bearings with no friction and wear, massless spacecraft, transportation systems with a very tiny consumption of energy, etc.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[8] viXra:1905.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-07 11:22:46

Whirlpools of Electrons Twisting

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

But now, scientists from the lab of Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL have demonstrated that it is possible to use light to dynamically twist an individual electron's wave function. [38] The scientists used the quantum nature of the electron-light interaction to separate the electron-reference and electron-imaging beams in energy instead of space. [37] A holographic acoustic tweezers (HAT) system has been used to suspend up to 25 objects in mid-air simultaneously. [36] Holography is a powerful tool that can reconstruct wavefronts of light and combine the fundamental wave properties of amplitude, phase, polarization, wave vector and frequency. [35] Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/information+processing/" information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[7] viXra:1905.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-07 12:00:02

About Magnetic Monopoles

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 5 pages

The hypothesis of intrinsic magnetic monopoles states that these are elementary particles with magnetic charges and electric spins. Magnetic monopoles can be generated by splitting a photon in a strong magnetic field. According to this concept at least a magnetic lepton, magnetic baryon, magnetically neutral monopole and its antiparticles exist. This article discloses the basic properties of intrinsic magnetic monopoles.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[6] viXra:1905.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-07 12:15:52

ATLAS adds to Higgs Boson Puzzle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

The Higgs boson was discovered in 2012 by the ATLAS and CMS Experiments at CERN, but its coupling to other particles remains a puzzle. [10] Higgs boson decaying into bottom quarks. Now, scientists are tackling its relationship with the top quark. [9] Usha Mallik and her team used a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to help build a sub-detector at the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest and most powerful particle accelerator, located in Switzerland. They're running experiments on the sub-detector to search for a pair of bottom quarks-subatomic yin-and-yang particles that should be produced about 60 percent of the time a Higgs boson decays. [8] A new way of measuring how the Higgs boson couples to other fundamental particles has been proposed by physicists in France, Israel and the US. Their technique would involve comparing the spectra of several different isotopes of the same atom to see how the Higgs force between the atom's electrons and its nucleus affects the atomic energy levels. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[5] viXra:1905.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-04 09:59:48

Generation of Baryons from Electromagnetic Instabilities from Vacuum.

Authors: Osvaldo F. Schilling
Comments: 20 pages, 3 figures

Baryons are generated from perturbations of magnetodynamic origin built upon a background sea of excitations at about 3.7 GeV adopting the proton state as a “substrate”, as proposed by Barut. To simulate perturbations from such a state a sum over the energy spectrum of excitations is necessary. A Zeta-function regularization procedure previously adopted for the Casimir Effect is applied to eliminate divergences when the sum upon the energy spectrum states is carried out. States of negative energy compared to the background state are obtained and represent the baryons. The periodic behavior of the baryons masses with confined magnetic flux is reproduced with no further forms of energies required besides the magnetodynamic terms. This treatment implicitly supports the concept that quarks and leptons might be treated on similar theoretical grounds.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[4] viXra:1905.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-02 13:44:46

Plasma Shock Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

If you're not a plasma physicist, exploding electrical wires underwater may sound like a bad idea. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[3] viXra:1905.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-02 21:58:51

The Photon Inside the Electron, Inside the Volume, Gives the Electric Charge to Electron

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 370 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“The photon inside the electron, inside the volume, gives the electric charge to electron” Adrian Ferent “I calculated the charge created by the photon with f = 10^20 Hz inside the electron Q = 1.6 × 10^(-19) C, the electron charge” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who discovered what is inside the Electron and what is the Electron Charge” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG) the electric Charge is not the fundamental property of forms of matter that reveal electrostatic attraction or repulsion” Adrian Ferent “The electrons have the same charge because the photon inside the electron has the energy ~ 0.5 MeV and frequency ~10^20 Hz” Adrian Ferent “Wave–particle duality of electrons, because the electron is a photon around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG) explains Gravitation and Electricity” Adrian Ferent “Conservation of electric charge - the electron is a photon around Dark Matter that is why the total electric charge of an isolated system remains constant regardless of changes within the system itself” Adrian Ferent “Electrons should take on a continuous range of energies, but because the electron is a photon around Dark Matter, the photon has discrete energies hf” Adrian Ferent “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter and interacts with photons, because the electric fields satisfy the superposition principle” Adrian Ferent “Relativistic invariance - because the electron is a photon around Dark Matter and the speed of light is the same for all inertial frames, any particle that has charge Q, no matter how fast it goes, always has charge Q” Adrian Ferent “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The high energy Gravitons emitted by Dark Matter keep the photon inside the electron” Adrian Ferent I explained why the electrons have the same charge: “The electrons have the same charge because the photon inside the electron has the energy ~ 0.5 MeV and frequency ~ 10^20 Hz” Adrian Ferent Electron can be described not only as a particle, but also as a wave. “Wave–particle duality of electrons, because the electron is a photon around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG) the electric Charge is not the fundamental property of forms of matter that reveal electrostatic attraction or repulsion” Adrian Ferent What you learned from your professors, from peer-reviewed journals, from your books, from the greatest scientists about electric Charge is wrong. When they can not explain something, they said it is a Fundamental Property like the electric Charge! The photon has no charge and no mass but has electric and magnetic fields as well as energy. “The photon wavelength is 2πr, r the electron radius” Adrian Ferent This means: λ = 2πr, r = λ / 2π Because how the photon ‘oscillate’, inside the electron, r << λ. “The photon inside the electron, inside the volume, gives the electric charge” Adrian Ferent An easy way to calculate the electron charge: The total energy per unit volume stored in the electric field: The total energy U stored in the electric field in a given volume V, the electron volume: U=hf I consider an average value for E as constant: If f = 10^20 Hz Q = 1.6 × 10^(-19) C, the electron charge! “I calculated the charge created by the photon with f = 10^20 Hz inside the electron Q = 1.6 × 10^(-19) C, the electron charge” Adrian Ferent Conservation of electric charge, another proof for FQG theory! “Conservation of electric charge - the electron is a photon around Dark Matter that is why the total electric charge of an isolated system remains constant regardless of changes within the system itself” Adrian Ferent Electrons have discrete energies, another proof for FQG theory! “Electrons should take on a continuous range of energies, but because the electron is a photon around Dark Matter, the photon has discrete energies hf.” Adrian Ferent The superposition principle, another proof for FQG theory! “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter and interacts with photons, because the electric fields satisfy the superposition principle” Adrian Ferent Relativistic invariance, another proof for FQG theory! This means that the electron with the charge Q, no matter how fast it goes, always has charge Q. “Relativistic invariance - because the electron is a photon around Dark Matter and the speed of light is the same for all inertial frames, any particle that has charge Q, no matter how fast it goes, always has charge Q” Adrian Ferent I discovered these things, about electrons and electric Charge, without any access to particle collider, without any access to special technology, without any access to any physics laboratory…Today the discoveries are done by people who have access to particle collider, who have access to special technology, who have access to sophisticated laboratory! 212. I am the first who discovered that the photon inside the electron, inside the volume, gives the electric charge to electron 213. I am the first who calculated the charge created by the photon with f = 10^20 Hz inside the electron Q = 1.6 × 10^(-19) C, the electron charge 214. I am the first who discovered what is inside the Electron and what is the Electron Charge 215. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG) the electric Charge is not the fundamental property of forms of matter that reveal electrostatic attraction or repulsion 216. I am the first who discovered that the electrons have the same charge because the photon inside the electron has the energy ~ 0.5 MeV and frequency ~10^20 Hz 217. I am the first who discovered the Wave–particle duality of electrons, because the electron is a photon around Dark Matter 218. I am the first who discovered that Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG) explains Gravitation and Electricity 219. I am the first who discovered the Conservation of electric charge - the electron is a photon around Dark Matter that is why the total electric charge of an isolated system remains constant regardless of changes within the system itself 220. I am the first who discovered that the Electrons should take on a continuous range of energies, but because the electron is a photon around Dark Matter, the photon has discrete energies hf 221. I am the first who discovered that the electron is a photon around Dark Matter and interacts with photons, because the electric fields satisfy the superposition principle 222. I am the first who discovered the Relativistic invariance - because the electron is a photon around Dark Matter and the speed of light is the same for all inertial frames, any particle that has charge Q, no matter how fast it goes, always has charge Q
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[2] viXra:1905.0018 [pdf] replaced on 2019-05-12 10:11:02

Weyl Symmetry from the Minimal Fractal Manifold

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 4 Pages. First draft.

A number of recent studies hint that Weyl symmetry plays a key role in the gauge theory of gravitation, as well as in the phenomenology of cosmic inflation and Dark Matter. Here we point out that Weyl symmetry follows naturally from the minimal fractality of spacetime near or above the electroweak scale. In particular, Weyl symmetry provides a field theoretic framework for the interpretation of Dark Matter as Cantor Dust.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1] viXra:1905.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-01 10:41:57

The Easy Way to Cherenkov-Compton Effect

Authors: Miroslav Pardy
Comments: 11 Pages. the original article

The two-photon production by motion of a charged particle in a medium is considered. This process is called Cherenkov-Compton effect because the production of photons is calculated from the Feynman diagram for the Compton effect in a medium. This process is not forbidden in quantum electrodynamics of dielectric media.The cross section of this process in Mandelstam variables is calculated for pair of photons with one moving at the opposite direction to the electron motion and the second one inside the Cherenkov cone. The opposite motion is not caused by the collision with a particle of a medium. The relation of this process to the CERN experiments is considered.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics