High Energy Particle Physics

1809 Submissions

[27] viXra:1809.0592 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-29 06:08:35

In-depth Analysis of New Weak Interaction Model

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 15 Pages. 9 figures; Include Chinese version

In this paper, I deeply analyze the weak interaction model I have established. The interaction between neutrinos and electrons, neutrinos and photons, neutrinos and neutrinos is discussed. I point out that the interaction strength of neutrinos with various other particles is also affected by the duration of an interaction. Since the interaction time of neutrinos with slower particles is shorter, the intensity of interaction is relatively small. The interaction of neutrinos with photons and neutrinos themselves, because all particles are running at the speed of light, the interaction can last for a long time, resulting in the increasing interaction strength between neutrino and photon, so that the Mössbauer effect can be used for detection. To this end, the paper gives some problems that should be paid attention to when using the Mössbauer effect to detect neutrinos.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[26] viXra:1809.0551 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-20 13:19:20

Differentiation Under the Loop Integral: a New Method of Renormalization in Quantum Field Theory

Authors: Brian Slovick
Comments: 5 Pages.

In the conventional approach of renormalization, divergent loop integrals are regulated and combined with counterterms to satisfy a set of renormalization conditions. While successful, the process of regularization is tedious and must be applied judiciously to obtain gauge-invariant results. In this Letter, I show that by recasting the renormalization conditions as the initial conditions of momentum-space differential equations for the loop amplitudes, the need for regularization disappears because the process of differentiating under the loop integrals renders them finite. I apply this approach to successfully renormalize scalar $\phi^4$ theory and QED to one-loop order without requiring regularization or counterterms. Beyond considerable technical simplifications, the ability to perform renormalization without introducing a regulator or counterterms can lead to a more fundamental description of quantum field theory free of ultraviolet divergences.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25] viXra:1809.0542 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-26 08:40:11

Generation of High-Density Plasma

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

An international joint research group led by Osaka University demonstrated that it was possible to efficiently heat plasma by focusing a relativistic electron beam (REB) accelerated by a high-intensity, short-pulse laser with the application of a magnetic field of 600 tesla (T), about 600 times greater than the magnetic energy of a neodymium magnet (the strongest permanent magnet). [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[24] viXra:1809.0540 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-26 10:57:42

Ultra-Rare B-Meson Decay

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

The rareness of this decay is due to the coincidence of two factors: First, the decay requires quantum loops with several weak interaction vertices, some of which have a low probability to occur; second, angular momentum conservation constrains the decay products of the scalar B 0 or Bs meson into a highly unlikely configuration. [29] A team of Ohio University nuclear physicists has proposed a new theoretical model for calculating pairing properties of atomic nuclei including those found in extreme astrophysical environments. [28] In nature, the nuclear reactions that form stars are often accompanied by astronomically high amounts of energy, sometimes over billions of years. [27] Dark matter halos are theoretical bodies inside which galaxies are suspended; the halo's mass dominates the total mass. [26] An international team of researchers extended their results from a previous study to directly measure the cosmic-ray all-electron (electron + positron) spectrum in an energy range from 11 GeV to 4.8 TeV with the Calorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET). [25] Mysterious radiation emitted from distant corners of the galaxy could finally be explained with efforts to recreate a unique state of matter that blinked into existence in the first moments after the Big Bang. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23] Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22] When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[23] viXra:1809.0533 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-27 02:33:38

Electron Properties Explained as Quantum Field Effects

Authors: Ray Fleming
Comments: 9 Pages.

Electrons are surrounded by the quantum field, so it is necessary to understand the response of the quantum field to the presence of an electron in order to completely understand it. Given the quantum field particle pair model, and consequently polar nature of the quantum field, we can reinterpret Gauss’s Law so that polarization causes charge rather than charge causing polarization. That is how unit charge is independent of particles, and thus the same for all free particles. It is also important to note that as the quantum field becomes polarized, rotation is induced, leading to the spin quantum and magnetic moment. The author has previously shown that mass-energy can be explained as a quantum field effect since, as Dirac first hypothesized, a particle must exert energy for a particle to exist in the quantum field, which equals its mass-energy. This is also true for quantum fluctuation particle pairs, such that their energy and energy continuum are due to the instantaneous local energy of the quantum field exerted on individual quantum fluctuations. Likewise, frequency and wavelength are also a function of this quantum field interaction. This origin of frequency and wavelength also gives us the origin of time and spatial dimensions. An electron behaves like it has a central bare electron that acts as a negative polarizer and is matter as opposed to antimatter. Its remaining properties, including charge, spin, magnetic moment, and mass are explainable as quantum field effects.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[22] viXra:1809.0532 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-27 02:35:53

Particle Spin and Magnetic Moment as Quantum Field Effects

Authors: Ray Fleming
Comments: 7 Pages.

In a prior paper the author explained how the physical constants arise due to the polarizability and van der Waals torque of the quantum field of standard model quantum field theory. A more detailed development of how spin and magnetic moment arise from the quantum field is presented here. Recognizing that a central charge causes polarization of the quantum field, it is a simple matter to explain how the polarization process, rather than being random, leads to quantum dipole rotation on a common axis. This leads to spin and magnetic moment even when the central charge is static. This model also shows why the g-factor is approximately two instead of one, and how a semi-classical electron model can avoid the speed of light limit problem. This model can also be applied to protons by considering that a proton’s magnetic moment is due to its actual radius rather than its Compton wavelength. The neutron magnetic moment is also predicted by this model more accurately than the quark model by assuming an orthogonal combination of the electron and proton magnetic fields.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[21] viXra:1809.0531 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-27 02:37:58

Electrons and Protons Are Produced Together

Authors: Ray Fleming
Comments: 3 Pages.

Since electrons and protons exist we know that they either can be produced or have existed for infinity. The universe, to the best of our knowledge, is electrically neutral indicating that the number of electrons and protons is equal. So, if electrons and protons can be produced, their production rate must be equal to many decimal places. Given the differences between electrons and protons we would not expect this to be the case unless they are produced together in an interaction. The existence of the quantum field of mainstream quantum field theory shows us that energy is available to account for electron and proton production. And, under the particle pair model for the quantum field, a version of the particles already exists allowing for particle production to be a simple conversion process that conserves energy. It is incumbent on physicists to take the question of electron and proton production seriously as humans should be able to understand and replicate electron and proton production.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[20] viXra:1809.0528 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-13 10:19:16

Conformal Symmetry Breaking in Einstein-Cartan Gravity Coupled to the Electroweak Theory

Authors: J. Lee Montag
Comments: 7 Pages.

We develop an alternative to the Higgs mechanism for spontaneously breaking the local SU(2)xU(1) gauge invariance of the Electroweak Theory by coupling to Einstein-Cartan gravity in curved spacetime. The theory exhibits a local scale invariance in the unbroken phase, while the gravitational sector does not propagate according to the conventional quantum field theory definition. We define a unitary gauge for the local SU(2) invariance which results in a complex Higgs scalar field. This approach fixes the local SU(2) gauge without directly breaking the local U(1). We show how the electroweak symmetry can be spontaneously broken by choosing a reference mass scale to fix the local scale invariance. The mass terms for the quantum fields are then generated without adding any additional symmetry breaking terms to the theory. We point out subtle differences of the quantum field interactions in the broken phase.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[19] viXra:1809.0492 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-23 08:39:53

International Neutrino Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector, they were statistically most likely to be in a state of superposition, with no definite flavor or identity. [9] A new study reveals that neutrinos produced in the core of a supernova are highly localised compared to neutrinos from all other known sources.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[18] viXra:1809.0465 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 07:02:17

Phase Transition in QCD

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. [43] In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino— the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[17] viXra:1809.0463 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-21 09:03:01

Supercomputer QCD Simulation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 83 Pages.

The interactions of quarks and gluons are computed using lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD)—a computer-friendly version of the mathematical framework that describes these strong-force interactions. [44] The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. [43] In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[16] viXra:1809.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-19 09:44:00

Hunt for Leptoquarks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

These leptoquarks are proposed in theories attempting to unify the strong, weak and electromagnetic forces. [11] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines also the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[15] viXra:1809.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 10:14:58

Supersymmetric Preons II: Dynamic SUSY Breaking

Authors: Risto Raitio
Comments: 8 Pages.

The supersymmetric preon model [1] is based on simplest possible superfields of which the standard model can be constructed. The preon model offers a natural framework for supersymmetry breaking mediated dynamically by gravity. The SUSY breaking interaction Lagrangian contains supersymmetric preon, aka. `hidden' and visible sector MSSM fields. The low energy limit of the preon model is proposed to be the standard model with broken supersymmetry.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[14] viXra:1809.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:10:08

Theory of Electron in Uniform Magnetic Field Inside Cathode Ray Tube and Possible Prediction of New Particles

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 5 Pages.

This Paper essentially focuses on the weird new form of mathematical equation that absolutely shows justification of an electron in uniform magnetic field. This paper also shows the alternate method to calculate electron’s charge to mass ratio. This note also makes possible speculations about the two new elementary particles. This work however also describes the very early brilliant experimental observations of Sir Thomson in Cambridge, England and its impact on this modern theoretical study. The main attractive part is the general prediction which needs to be vindicated by experiments.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[13] viXra:1809.0353 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:19:38

Dynamical Pattern of Elementary Particles

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 8 Pages.

This purpose of this present paper is to present the simple idea to introduce a mathematical model to predict some possible particles (and may be its systems) that might exist beyond standard model of particle physics. The idea that is discussed in this present note must somehow* be the particle does not belong to fermions or bosons but more exotic. This paper is purely theoretical which gives hypothetical flavor of particles that possibly claims to exist in nature, based on the weird but interesting mathematical sketch. This note has been done by keeping one sentences in mind that the existing particles can reveal the zoo of other unknown particles.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[12] viXra:1809.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 06:56:17

Theoretical Measurements of Mass and Charge of W Bosons, and Possible Elementary Fractional Charge Gauge and Elementary Integer Charge Scalar Bosons

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 15 Pages.

The nature’s beautiful symmetry defines its original scenery which is very simple if one can grasp the mathematical idea associated with it. The first purpose of this note is to present the abstract mathematical methodology (not abstract as nature’s beautiful symmetry arrangements) can also be called as mathematical scheme which justifies the charge, spin and mass of electroweak bosons which is our original choice. The second primary fundamental essence of this note is to attempt the prediction of fractional charged boson that might exist in nature with definite spin basically spin equivalent to gauge boson and a scalar boson of integer charge with an approximate mass. The mass mentioned in this note is our mass calculation limit which may change. Both particles are predicted as elementary. For this note we have taken only elementary gauge boson with charge i.e. w boson to develop mathematical rules to predict another new gauge charged boson.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[11] viXra:1809.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 06:59:05

Dual Spin Statistics in Hadrons

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 2 Pages.

vindicated by experimental approaches in super energetic accelerators. The predicted particles are strongly interacting composite particles with “colored quarks” as its basic constituents.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[10] viXra:1809.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 07:01:22

On The Special Strongly Interacting Baryons*

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 1 Page.

Physics of strongly interacting particles are well known in terms of simplified mathematical models. This note mathematically shows the evidence of particles called baryons of special type, means with special quark combinations. The certainty of this paper must be an experimental approach in high energy accelerators.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[9] viXra:1809.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 11:04:41

Optical Rocket Plasma Accelerator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino— the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[8] viXra:1809.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 02:36:09

On The Origin of Mass of Fundamental Particles

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 2 Pages.

This paper aims to give basic theoretical approach in order to interpret the origin of masses in elementary particles. This solution of mass problem is very crucial and forms a fundamental base in theoretical particle physics. For particle and nuclear physicists this solutions is a holy grail in particle physics. Particles of group fermions and bosons are evolved without mass this means these were massless [1] at the beginning, but soon they acquire mass by an interaction which is called as mechanism known Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[7] viXra:1809.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 15:21:12

A Note on Incompatibility of the Dirac-like Field Operator with the Majorana Anzats

Authors: Valeriy Dvoeglazov
Comments: 7 Pages.

We investigate some subtle points of the Majorana(-like) theories.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[6] viXra:1809.0160 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-23 11:22:06

Overview of Cl(16) Physics with Pd-D Fusion

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 41 Pages.

This is a pdf file of 40 slides about the Basic Ideas of Cl(16) Physics with Pd-D Fusion. It is only an Overview of Basic Ideas. Details are in vixra 1807.0166v2.pdf and vixra 1603.0098v2.pdf and my viXra pages and my web sites including valdostamuseum.com/hamsmith/ The Slideshow in mov format is on the web at valdostamuseum.com/hamsmith/Cl16PdD.mov The mov slides have no audio narration because I think that audio would distract from video presentation of the slides. Version 2 (v2) has more material about Gray-Nambu-Goto-Bohm-Sutherland-Sarfatti Quantum Theory.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[5] viXra:1809.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 20:20:06

Significance of the Axial Doppler Shift Shown by Observing Items on a Conveyor Belt

Authors: Samuel Lewis Reich, Winston G. Perera
Comments: 10 Pages.

The following shows three reasons to consider the axial Doppler shift dilation or compression of time for the observer as opposed to just considering the transverse Doppler shift as that. At present most writing call only the transverse that. Because high energy beams are noisy for various reasons and it is impossible to make control experiments on objects light years away, the error remains. The following also shows the Doppler equations apply to motion of all periodic things (objects on conveyor belt or a beam of bullets not just waves). The three reasons are: One, the axial shift in only dependent on the geometry and velocities, which are relations between various time and space dimensions between the source and the observer. Two, the axial shift affects the rate of periodic things in a moving line are observed and rate (frequency) = 1/time. Three, there are no exceptions; the axial shift changes all rates observer sees from the source. The lack of an axial shift is the only error or inconsistency addressed by this paper. With the exception that this paper will prove that length of anything along any axis appears to a moving observer to be 1/K times as big as to a stationary observer. Where K is the resultant shift of frequency of both axil and transverse Doppler shift that light moving along that axis would have. Because frequency times wave length= c velocity if light (same in all reference planes) and wave length is distance. Most writers just assume only the moving direction changes.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[4] viXra:1809.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 20:34:49

Theory of Fermion Masses, Mixing Angles and Beta Decays Fitting Experimental Data

Authors: Jay R. Yablon
Comments: 121 Pages. In this draft, all twelve fermion masses are explained as a function of other parameters.

We require all components of the Kaluza-Klein metric tensor to be generally-covariant across all five dimensions by deconstructing the metric tensor into Dirac-type square root operators. This decouples the fifth dimension from the Kaluza-Klein scalar, makes this dimension timelike not spacelike, makes the metric tensor inverse non-singular, covariantly reveals the quantum fields of the photon, makes Kaluza-Klein fully compatible with Dirac theory, and roots this fifth dimension in the physical reality of the chiral, pseudo-scalar and pseudo-vector particles abundantly observed in particle physics based on Dirac’s gamma-5 operator, thereby “repairing” all of the most perplexing problem in Kaluza-Klein theory. Albeit with additional new dynamics expected, all the benefits of Kaluza-Klein theory are retained, insofar as providing a geometrodynamic foundation for Maxwell’s equations, the Lorentz Force motion and the Maxwell-Stress energy tensor, and insofar as supporting the viewpoint that the fifth dimension is, at bottom, the matter dimension. We find that the Kaluza-Klein scalar must be a massless, luminous field quantum to solve long-standing problems arising from a non-zero scalar field gradient. This luminous scalar is connected to the standard model Higgs field, then used to generate rest masses for fermions through spontaneous symmetry breaking, whereby all quark and lepton masses are directly reparameterized in terms of the CKM and PMNS mixing angles. A second leptonic Higgs boson is predicted along with its mass, and the masses of the three neutrinos are also predicted. Finally, we suggest multiple pathways for continued development.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[3] viXra:1809.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-03 10:54:15

On the Harmonic Compression of Light Wave

Authors: Tejas Chandrakant Thakare
Comments: 3 Pages. Please feel free to comment/ discuss on this study.

In this paper, by taking consideration of some assumptions, the mechanism behind dual nature of light is proposed. After great wave-particle struggle physics is now reached to the fact that, light shows dual nature and in order to give possible reason behind dual nature of light I have taken little bit help from the classical mechanics. During explanation of the mechanism behind dual nature of light I have also discussed about the photoelectric effect and double slit experiment.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[2] viXra:1809.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-01 08:27:02

Quark Condensate and Confining Potentials

Authors: P. R. Silva
Comments: 10 pages and 14 references

Two seminal ideas are considered in this paper. One of them was introduced by Tryon [Nature 246, 396(1973)], dealing with the possibility of the universe being created from nothing. The other one was proposed by Thompson [J. Phys. A9, L25(1976)], in order to study the critical behavior of a cooperative system. Both ideas are implemented conjointly with the use of linear and quadratic confining potentials as a means to make estimates of the quark condensate of the QCD. In accomplishing this task, the MIT bag model by Chodos et al. [Phys. Rev. D9, 3471(1974)] is also taken in account.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1] viXra:1809.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-01 08:54:48

New Physics Persist in LHC Data

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

For some time now, researchers have noted several anomalies in the decays of beauty mesons in the data coming in from the LHCb experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. [12] The first full characterization measurement of an accelerator beam in six dimensions will advance the understanding and performance of current and planned accelerators around the world. [11] Researchers have found a way to accelerate antimatter in a 1000x smaller space than current accelerators, boosting the science of exotic particles. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics