[13] **viXra:2001.0313 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-16 15:26:10*

**Authors:** Jeff Yee, Lori Gardi

**Comments:** 19 pages

Using the physics of sound waves as a foundation, subatomic particles and their behaviors are modeled with classical mechanics to calculate the Planck energy, the electron’s energy and the energy levels of the first two atoms: hydrogen and helium. Five different methods are used to calculate energies, including spring-mass systems and wave systems, and all five are found to be equal in their calculations.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:2001.0232 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-13 03:45:31*

**Authors:** Peter Leifer

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

Attempts represent the self-interacting quantum electron as the cyclic motion on the stable attractor has been discussed. This motion subjects quantum inertia principle expressed by the parallel transported energy-momentum generator along a closed geodesic in the space of the unlocated quantum states $CP(3)$ . The affine gauge potential in the complex projective state space (similar to the Higgs potential) seriously deforms the Jacobi fields in the vicinity of the ``north pole".
It was assumed that the divergency of the Jacobi field may be compensated by the fields of the Poincar\'e generators representing EM-like ``field shell" of the electron in the dynamical spacetime. Thereby, the spacetime looks as ultimately deprecated in the role of the ``container of matter" and it appears as the accompanied to the quantum electron functional space (dynamical spacetime). Meanwhile, the dynamics of the self-interacting electron is essentially non-linear and deterministic.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:2001.0194 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-11 04:18:07*

**Authors:** Francesco Ferrara

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

This document implements a photon model, which explains why the photon's energy is equal to the Plank constant reduced for the omega angular pulsation. The model shows that the mass is zero and also the direction of polarization is a clear consequence of the model itself

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:2001.0176 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-10 14:09:00*

**Authors:** Peter Cameron

**Comments:** 12 Pages. Great news, eRHIC has been awarded to Brookhaven

What the Hell is Going On?" is Peter Woit's 'Not Even Wrong' blog comment on Nima Arkani-
Hamed's view of the barren state of LHC physics, the long-dreaded Desert[1].
Two essential indispensibles - geometric wavefunctions and quantized impedances of wavefunction interactions - are absent from particle theory, the community oblivious, mired in the consequent four decades of stagnation. Synthesis of the two offers a complementary Standard Model perspective, examining not conservation of energy and its flow between kinetic and potential of Hamiltonian
and Lagrangian, but rather what governs amplitude and phase of that flow, quantum impedance matching of geometric wavefunction interactions. Applied to muon decay, the model suggests that translation gauge fields (RF cavities) of relativistic lifetime enhancement might be augmented by introducing rotation gauge fields of carefully chosen topological impedances to an accelerator.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:2001.0175 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-10 14:30:15*

**Authors:** Francesco Ferrara

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Il documento implementa un modello fisico e matematico per un fotone che restituisce tutte le caratteristiche distintive di questa peculiare particella.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:2001.0147 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-09 05:06:22*

**Authors:** Surajit Ghosh

**Comments:** 47 Pages.

Riemann hypothesis stands proved in three diﬀerent ways.To prove Riemann hypothesis from the functional equation concept of Delta function is introduced similar to Gamma and Pi function. Other two proofs are derived using Eulers formula and elementary algebra. Analytically continuing gamma and zeta function to an extended domain, poles and zeros of zeta values are redeﬁned. Hodge conjecture, BSD conjecture are also proved using zeta values. Other prime conjectures like Goldbach conjecture, Twin prime conjecture etc.. are also proved in the light of new understanding of primes. Numbers are proved to be multidimensional as worked out by Hamilton. Logarithm of negative and complex numbers are redeﬁned using extended number system. Factorial of negative and complex numbers are redeﬁned using values of Delta function.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:2001.0129 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-08 00:48:43*

**Authors:** Claude Michael Cassano

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The Maxwell-Cassano equations yield a fermion architecture table equivalent to that of the fermion Standard Model. Given a pair of constants defined by an affine transformation relating them to two rational fractions, a set of two equations determine all fermion masses.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:2001.0120 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2020-01-08 16:40:10*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

We have previously shown that 3-dimensional space equipped with minimal fractality provides a qualitative explanation for both rotation curves of disk galaxies and cosmological expansion. This brief Addendum brings up an additional argument in support of our findings.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:2001.0114 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-07 12:44:23*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

A team of researchers at Osaka University has investigated a new method for generating nuclear fusion power, showing that the relativistic effect of ultra-intense laser light improves upon current "fast ignition" methods in laser-fusion research to heat the fuel long enough to generate electrical power. [16] Research from The University of Queensland aimed at controlling light in scattering materials, such as fog or biological tissues, will benefit future biomedical imaging and telecommunications. [15] Researchers have demonstrated a new all-optical technique for creating robust second-order nonlinear effects in materials that don't normally support them. [14] A research team led by physicists at LMU Munich reports a significant advance in laser-driven particle acceleration. [13] And now, physicists at and their collaborators have demonstrated that computers are ready to tackle the universe's greatest mysteries. [12] The Nuclear Physics with Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics Collaboration (NPLQCD), under the umbrella of the U.S. Quantum Chromodynamics Collaboration, performed the first model-independent calculation of the rate for proton-proton fusion directly from the dynamics of quarks and gluons using numerical techniques. [11] Nuclear physicists are now poised to embark on a new journey of discovery into the fundamental building blocks of the nucleus of the atom. [10] The drop of plasma was created in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). It is made up of two types of subatomic particles: quarks and gluons. Quarks are the building blocks of particles like protons and neutrons, while gluons are in charge of the strong interaction force between quarks. The new quark-gluon plasma is the hottest liquid that has ever been created in a laboratory at 4 trillion C (7 trillion F). Fitting for a plasma like the one at the birth of the universe. [9] Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:2001.0061 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2020-01-08 13:05:44*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

It is well known that both Newtonian gravity and General Relativity can be built starting from the classical Poisson equation in 3-dimensional space. Here we speculate that, at least in principle, the concept of 3-dimensional space equipped with minimal fractality enables a qualitative explanation of both rotation curves of disk galaxies and cosmological expansion. Our approach bridges the gap between particle and gravitational interpretations of Dark Matter and suggests a unified picture of the Dark Sector. It offers a basis for explaining away Modified Newtonian Gravity (MOND) and its theoretical ramifications.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:2001.0050 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-03 21:53:02*

**Authors:** Jeff Yee

**Comments:** 5 pages

Originally proposed in 1899 by Max Planck, the Planck unit system simplifies equations in physics, yet the meaning of each constant in the system is not well understood. The Planck mass is far heavier than an electron or proton while the Planck length is orders of magnitude smaller than these same particles. What do these units mean? When using wave equations to describe energies and forces of particles, the Planck units have meaning when mapped to new wave constants.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:2001.0030 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-03 04:40:04*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

Now, for the first time, scientists at Stanford and SLAC have created a silicon chip that can accelerate electrons-albeit at a fraction of the velocity of that massive instrument-using an infrared laser to deliver, in less than a hair's width, the sort of energy boost that takes microwaves many feet. [12] The first full characterization measurement of an accelerator beam in six dimensions will advance the understanding and performance of current and planned accelerators around the world. [11] Researchers have found a way to accelerate antimatter in a 1000x smaller space than current accelerators, boosting the science of exotic particles. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:2001.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2020-01-02 12:15:41*

**Authors:** Lucian M Ionescu

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Understanding the role of muons in Particle Physics is an important step understanding generations and the origin of mass as an expression of internal structure.
A possible connection between muonic atoms and cycloatoms is used as a pretext to speculate on the above core issue of the Standard Model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics