[6] **viXra:1202.0059 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-03-06 13:28:05*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 36 Pages. Published in PSTJ March 2012, Vol. 3, Issue 5, pp. 435 - 458

During the last decade, a number of important developments have surfaced concerning fractional calculus and its applications in various branches of fundamental and applied science. In particular, fractional field theory (FFT) represents an active area of research in mathematical physics whose motivation stems, in part, from its ability to shed light on many of open questions surrounding Quantum Field Theory (QFT), Standard Model for particle physics (SM) and Quantum Gravity Theories (QG). We review here some recent developments of FFT that promise to recover the physics of SM in the low-energy limit and solve some of its seemingly intractable puzzles.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1202.0053 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-02-15 05:16:33*

**Authors:** Daniele Sasso

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

After having established a meaning relation between electric charge and spin, in this paper we prove, using concepts of the Theory of Reference Frames, a few important transformations concerning fundamental elementary particles. In particular we examine electron annihilation, photon materialization and transformation of electrodynamic mass of electron to antimass which is characterized by the physical property of having a negative value of mass. Moreover we prove photon spin is null and not unitary as it is assumed in the standard theory.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1202.0051 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-02-14 11:41:50*

**Authors:** John R. McWhinnie

**Comments:** 26 Pages.

Abstract. Here we present a very original and indeed radical theory which
departs greatly from the physics of the last half century. The standard model
has failed to answer some of the most simplest questions of our state in the
universe. Like other theories before it, it is time for a radical re-think of the
entire direction of our current physical theories. If we keep going along the
same old path it will lead no-where , one can only drive a square peg into a
round hole for so long.
What causes particles to have charge? The force that can cause them to
attract each other or repel. It seems a simple question but you can look up all
the text books in existence and you will not find the answer. I know as I have
tried. The fact is that no-one on this planet has an answer for, what you would
think is a simple question that any physicist could answer, but you would be
wrong. That is one of the fundamental reasons for this paper. I began to
realize that in physics we could not answer the simplest of question regarding
our existence yet at the same time physicists claim to be near a theory, the
Standard Model that will describe the whole of reality and that they were
most of the way there. Of course it cannot be true and until we can answer
the question ”‘what causes charge”’ and a host of other simple questions we
really cannot back grandiose claims for our level of understanding of our reality.
That and other factors inspired me to attempt to write this paper and I hope
I can answer the question ”‘what causes charge”’.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1202.0031 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-02-16 04:47:45*

**Authors:** Armando V.D.B. Assis

**Comments:** 4 pages. English. Accepted for publication in the Journal Progress in Physics.

In this brief paper, we show the neutrino velocity discrepancy obtained in the OPERA experiment may be due to the local Doppler effect between a local clock attached to a given detector at Gran Sasso, say $\mathcal{C}_{G}$, and the respective instantaneous clock crossing $\mathcal{C}_{G}$, say $\mathcal{C}_{C}$, being this latter at rest in the instantaneous inertial frame having got the velocity of rotation of CERN about Earth's axis in relation to the fixed stars. With this effect, the index of refraction of the Earth crust may accomplish a refractive effect by which the neutrino velocity through the Earth crust turns out to be small in relation to the speed of light in the empty space, leading to an encrusted discrepancy that may have contamined the data obtained from the block of detectors at Gran Sasso, leading to a time interval excess $\epsilon$ that did not provide an exact match between the shift of the protons PDF (probability distribution function) by $\text{TOF}_{c}$ and the detection data at Gran Sasso via the maximum likelihood matching.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1202.0028 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-02-14 05:47:21*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Completion of union of all tensor products of the real Clifford algebra Cl(16) is proposed as the Third Grothendieck Universe (the first two being the empty set and hereditarily finite sets) thus giving a Category Theoretical description of a realistic Algebraic Quantum Field Theory that has a clear relationship with Path Integral Quantization of Standard Model + Gravity Lagrangian Physics. At present, this paper is an outline of a proposed program of research that is not yet complete. V2 is more explicit about relationships among first, second, and third universes. (References are included in the body of the paper and in linked material.)

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1202.0023 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-02-14 18:43:02*

**Authors:** Armando V.D.B. Assis

**Comments:** 3 pages. English.

In this brief paper, we show if the neutrino velocity discrepancy obtained in \cite{arxiv} may be due to the local Doppler effect between a local clock attached to a given detector at Gran Sasso, say $\mathcal{C}_{G}$, and the respective instantaneous clock crossing $\mathcal{C}_{G}$, say $\mathcal{C}_{C}$, being this latter at rest in the instantaneous inertial frame having got the velocity of rotation of CERN about Earth's axis in relation to the fixed stars.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics