High Energy Particle Physics

1601 Submissions

[17] viXra:1601.0365 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-20 09:12:52

Gravitational Field Waves and Light

Authors: John Linus O'Sullivan
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract: Space is from two kinds of energy in standing waves; (1) energy with mass which is finite energy and (2) energy without mass which is infinite energy. Given light speed is equal to frequency times wavelength C = f λ then photon half waves are twice light speed on contraction before reversal expansion at light speed. Light speed is a constant relative to mass in Special Relativity but photon half waves are twice light speed on contraction from the fundamental frequency. Infinity is half wave photon energy on contraction at twice light speed without mass-time.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[16] viXra:1601.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-28 10:34:53

Universal Symmetry of Time and Space

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 13 Pages.

New research from Griffith University's Centre for Quantum Dynamics is broadening perspectives on time and space. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[15] viXra:1601.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-27 10:01:49

Testing the Internal Structure of Proton

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 14 Pages.

Scientists are closer to changing everything we know about one of the basic building blocks of the universe, according to an international group of physics experts involving the University of Adelaide. If the theory is correct, it would force years of experiments to be reinterpreted, and would see the textbooks on nuclear physics rewritten. [11] Physicists peering inside the neutron are seeing glimmers of what appears to be an impossible situation. The vexing findings pertain to quarks, which are the main components of neutrons and protons. The quarks, in essence, spin like tops, as do the neutrons and protons themselves. Now, experimenters at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News, Va., have found hints that a single quark can briefly hog most of the energy residing in a neutron, yet spin in the direction opposite to that of the neutron itself, says Science News. [10] The puzzle comes from experiments that aimed to determine how quarks, the building blocks of the proton, are arranged inside that particle. That information is locked inside a quantity that scientists refer to as the proton’s electric form factor. The electric form factor describes the spatial distribution of the quarks inside the proton by mapping the charge that the quarks carry. [9] Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[14] viXra:1601.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-26 14:36:29

Higgs-Higgs Interaction

Authors: Valeriy V. Dvoeglazov
Comments: 41 Pages. The paper derived from the talk at the Meeting of the DPF of the APS, May 24-28, 2002, The College W&M, Williamsburg, VA, USA, May 26, 2002.

The amplitude of Higgs-Higgs interaction is calculated in the Standard Model in the framework of the Sirlin's renormalization scheme in the unitary gauge. The one-loop corrections for \lambda, the constant of 4\chi interaction are compared with the previous results of L. Durand et al. obtained on using the technique of the equivalence theorem, and in the different gauges.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[13] viXra:1601.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-26 08:38:17

A Roadmap to Some Dimensionless Constants of Physics

Authors: J. S. Markovitch
Comments: 4 Pages.

It is well known that nature's dimensionless constants variously take the form of mass ratios, coupling constants, and mixing angles. What is not generally known is that by considering a subset of these constants in a particular order (following a roadmap if you will) one can easily find accurate, but compact, approximations for each member of this subset, with each compact expression pointing the way to the next. Specifically, if the tau-muon mass ratio, the muon-electron mass ratio, the neutron-electron mass ratio, the fine structure constant, and the three largest quark and lepton mixing angles are considered in that order, one can readily find a way of compressing them into a closely-related succession of compact mathematical expressions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[12] viXra:1601.0279 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-04 12:48:16

Weak Force IVBs, Neutrinos, and Information

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 3 Pages.

In the domain of the weak force, we find two types of elementary particles: 1) the (relatively) massive electrically charged leptons (electron, muon, tau); 2) their associated "identity charges", the (relatively) massless and electrically neutral neutrinos. Neutrinos are the "bare" identity charges of their massive leptonic namesakes, one for each type of massive lepton (the electron, muon, or tau neutrino). Although the three types of neutrinos resonate from one identity to another while in flight (apparently because their only distinguishing characteristic is a slight (?) difference in mass), they will only interact with their own specific massive and charged namesakes, during transformations or the creation/destruction of single leptonic elementary particles. Neutrino "identity charges" (the characteristic charge of the weak force) provide the foundation for the information content of the Cosmos - just as the weak force asymmetry provides the matter surplus of the Cosmos. Resonance phenomena between the three neutrino types (see the magazine Nature, June 5, 2012) suggests not only that there is not much to distinguish them from each other, but also that they are indeed one of the symmetry groups of light - perhaps the most fundamental of the lot.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[11] viXra:1601.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-24 10:19:32

Breakthrough in Antimatter Research?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

Scientists from the international ALPHA Collaboration just published a paper that has been heralded as a “breakthrough in antimatter research.” [12] Both the planet we live on and the star we orbit are made up of 'normal' matter, and though it features in many science fiction stories, antimatter seems to be incredibly rare in nature. With this new result, we have one of the first hints that we might be able to solve this mystery. [11] Physicists in the College of Arts and Sciences have made important discoveries regarding Bs meson particles -- something that may explain why the universe contains more matter than antimatter. Named Ds3*(2860), the particle, a new type of meson, was discovered by analyzing data collected with the LHCb detector at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The new particle is bound together in a similar way to protons. Due to this similarity, the Warwick researchers argue that scientists will now be able to study the particle to further understand strong interactions. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[10] viXra:1601.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-24 03:05:09

Gluino Particle, The Cousin Of The Higgs Boson

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 14 Pages.

A team of scientists currently working at the Large Hadron Collider at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) announced that it has possibly discovered the existence of a particle integral to nature in a statement on Tuesday, Dec. 15, and again on Dec.16. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[9] viXra:1601.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-22 01:50:56

Thermal Contributions in Divergence-Free Quantum Field Theory

Authors: N.S. Baaklini
Comments: 6 pages, 37 equations, 6 references

In the framework of divergence-free quantum field theory, we demonstrate how to compute the thermal free energy of bosonic and fermionic fields. While our computations pertain to one loop, they do indicate the method to be applied in higher-loops. In the course of our derivations, use is made of Poisson's summation formula, and the resulting expressions involve the zeta function. We note that the logarithmic terms involve temperature as an energy scale term.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[8] viXra:1601.0232 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-06 03:44:21

The Neutrino Has No Its Own Antiparticle

Authors: Yibing Qiu
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: showing the neutrino has no its own antiparticle and the basis
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[7] viXra:1601.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-21 04:49:08

Physico-Mathematical Models of Elementary Particles and Physical Processes of Oscillation

Authors: Daniele Sasso
Comments: 18 Pages.

Modelling of elementary particles is a very important question in contemporary physics, in fact in the absence of a real physical representation, due to smallest sizes of particles, the identification of suitable models becomes necessary. It is known that postmodern physics is characterized still by the indeterministic dualism wave-corpuscle that prevents to give an unequivocal identity to elementary particles as per the obsolete paradigm: is the particle wave or corpuscle? or: is the particle at the same time wave and corpuscle? Research of suitable and coherent models is therefore fundamental in contemporary physics and it can give an important contribution also to the solution of the present problem relative to the physical phenomenon of oscillation that regards neutrino but also all other elementary particles.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[6] viXra:1601.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-19 07:06:55

LHC Photons of Graviton

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their proton-smashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It’s how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[5] viXra:1601.0172 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-08 10:30:35

An Alternative Approach to Modelling Elementary Particles

Authors: S. Reucroft, E. G. H. Williams
Comments: 13 Pages.

We suggest that electrons, positrons and neutrinos are the fundamental building-blocks of the universe. Based on the concept of self-mass, we have constructed models and derived relations between the mass and charge and the mass and radius for each of these particles. This approach constrains the strengths of the electrostatic and gravitational fields at very short distances. We have also developed models for the proton and neutron in which they are composed of these fundamental constituents and their short-distance interactions. With these models we are able to reproduce the internal charge distribution of the proton and the neutron and derive many results that are in good agreement with measurements, including: (i) relations between the proton and neutron masses and the electron mass; (ii) relations between the proton and neutron masses and their radii; (iii) expressions for the magnetic moments of the proton and neutron; (iv) size estimates of the electron, muon and tau; (v) an explanation of the apparent universal matter-antimatter imbalance.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[4] viXra:1601.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-14 09:22:29

Neutrinos - Ghosts of the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Neutrinos and their weird subatomic ways could help us understand high-energy particles, exploding stars and the origins of matter itself. [5] PHYSICS may be shifting to the right. Tantalizing signals at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider near Geneva, Switzerland, hint at a new particle that could end 50 years of thinking that nature discriminates between left and right-handed particles. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[3] viXra:1601.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-09 10:24:26

Higgs Particles are Much Heavier

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 13 Pages.

In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[2] viXra:1601.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-05 04:59:27

Clifford Algebraic Unification of Conformal Gravity with an Extended Standard Model

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 12 Pages. Submitted to Foundations of Physics Letters

A brief review of the basics of the Clifford $ Cl ( 5, C ) $ Unified Gauge Field Theory formulation of Conformal Gravity and $ U (4) \times U (4) \times U(4) $ Yang-Mills in $ 4D$ is presented. A physically relevant subgroup is $ SU (2, 2) \times SU (4)_C \times SU (4)_L \times SU (4)_R $ and which is compatible with the Coleman-Mandula theorem (in the absence of a mass gap). This proposal for a Clifford Algebraic Unification of Conformal Gravity with an Extended Standard Model deals mainly with models of $four$ generations of fermions. Mirror fermions can be incorporated as well. Whether these mirror fermions are dark matter candidates is an open question. There are also residual $U(1)$ groups within this Clifford group unification scheme that should play an important in Cosmology in connection to dark matter particles coupled to gravity via a Bimetric extension of General Relativity. Other four generation scenarios based on $ Cl (6,R), Cl (8,R) $ algebras, Supersymmetric Field Theories and Quaternions are discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1] viXra:1601.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-05 11:29:55

Quarks Take Wrong Turns?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 14 Pages.

Physicists peering inside the neutron are seeing glimmers of what appears to be an impossible situation. The vexing findings pertain to quarks, which are the main components of neutrons and protons. The quarks, in essence, spin like tops, as do the neutrons and protons themselves. Now, experimenters at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News, Va., have found hints that a single quark can briefly hog most of the energy residing in a neutron, yet spin in the direction opposite to that of the neutron itself, says Science News. [10] The puzzle comes from experiments that aimed to determine how quarks, the building blocks of the proton, are arranged inside that particle. That information is locked inside a quantity that scientists refer to as the proton’s electric form factor. The electric form factor describes the spatial distribution of the quarks inside the proton by mapping the charge that the quarks carry. [9] Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics