[13] **viXra:1503.0270 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-31 23:42:35*

**Authors:** Seema Rawat, A. S. Rawat, O. P. S. Negi

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Keeping in view the application of SUSY and quaternion quantum mechanics, in this paper
we have made an attempt to develop a complete theory for quaternionic quantum mechanics.
We have discussed the N = 1, N = 2 and N = 4 supersymmetry in terms of one, two and four
supercharges respectively and it has been shown that N=4 SUSY is the quaternionic extension
of N = 2 complex SUSY.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1503.0236 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-28 22:47:59*

**Authors:** John Frederick Sweeney

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The electron is composed of sixteen parts, in Vedic Particle Physics, which is a notion contrary to western physics. The sixteen parts of the electron indicate that the electron pertains to the Sedenions - perhaps the Conic Sedenions or even the Twisted Octonions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1503.0192 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-26 08:44:34*

**Authors:** Christina Munns

**Comments:** 3 Pages. All rights reserved - Copyright 2014

Abstract:
Consideration is given to the relevance of unitary symmetry in relation to the environment in which photonic research takes place. Both a U(1) and a SU(2) environment are considered and the results compared. It is found that there is a direct polarity between these two unitary symmetry groups with regard to both photonic behaviour and research results, such that it leads to the conclusion that environmental symmetry directly affects photonic activity and also research outcomes.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1503.0185 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-03-26 15:53:26*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The dark energy density has been derived from the density of vacuum energy at the scale of the Bohr radius in a ten-dimensional model, and from the radius of the observable universe. The Bohr radius and the radius of the observable universe were found to be related through a 5/2 power law correspondence that applies generally between subatomic length scales and cosmological distances. It follows that dark energy is carried by ultra high frequency gravitational waves. Cosmological phase transitions of the expanding universe took place at times that correspond to specific mass, and energy, scales originating from a ten-dimensional geometry. The onset of inflation is associated with the GUT scale. Recombination has an associated particle: the electron. The accelerating expansion of space that initiated about 5 billion years ago is associated with the conjectured 7.1 keV dark matter particle, with an intriguing implication.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1503.0183 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-25 10:29:57*

**Authors:** John Frederick Sweeney

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

As the author has previously written on Vixra, there are 18 types of Quarks in Vedic Particle Physics, not merely six, as described in western physics. This paper provides the sources which describe these 18 Quark types, both Vedic and western, as these 18 types of Quarks have been lingering around western science in the form of Binary Matroids – albeit the 18 irregular or Sporadic Binary Matroids.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1503.0152 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-21 08:17:07*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 105 Pages. Under construction (first draft). References not included in the text.

As it is known, the Standard Model for particle physics (SM) has been successfully tested at all accelerator facilities and is currently the best tool available for understanding the phenomena on the subatomic scale. Conventional wisdom is that the SM represents only the low-energy limit of a more fundamental theory and that it can be consistently extrapolated to scales many orders of magnitude beyond the energy levels probed by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
Despite its impressive performance, the SM leaves out a fairly large number of unsolved puzzles. In contrast with the majority of mainstream proposals on how to address these challenges, the approach developed here exploits the idea that space-time dimensionality becomes scale-dependent near or above the low TeV scale. This conjecture has recently received considerable attention in theoretical physics and goes under several designations, from “fractional field theory”, “continuous dimension” to “dimensional flow” and “dimensional reduction”. Drawing from the principles of the Renormalization Group program, our key finding is that the SM represents a self-contained multifractal set. The set is defined on continuous space-time having arbitrarily small deviations from four-dimensions, referred to as a “minimal fractal manifold” (MFM). The book explores the full dynamical implications of the MFM and, staying consistent with experimental data, it offers novel explanations on some of the unsolved puzzles raised by the SM.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1503.0151 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-06-12 23:44:23*

**Authors:** Yibing Qiu

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Abstract: Giving a new model of the lepton (or called the meson)
and the baryon.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1503.0132 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-16 09:33:39*

**Authors:** Ichiro Nakayama

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

As a result of insight that elementary particles are equivalent to vacuum space, (both made of the same material named energy body), the elementary particle model that has a character of field was made up. By this model, concrete images were given to electromagnetism’s phenomena that are abstractly theorized by quantum mechanics. The shape of elementary particle model is like this; the wave of the energy body rotating around its own axis thinly and infinitely spreads out being attenuating from the central part in a spherical shape with high energy level. The central part in a spherical shape shows the character of a particle and the skirts part shows the character of field (electromagnetic field). And that gives elementary particles an important character of polarization. And more, when the two elementary particles draw close the difference of energy level of each wave works as interaction (electromagnetic interaction).

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1503.0121 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2016-11-28 01:34:33*

**Authors:** Yibing Qiu

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Abstract: according to the basic theory of nuclear and particle physics, new related
measurement results and experimental data, and giving the structures, properties and parameters of nucleons.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1503.0104 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-03-17 14:11:22*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

The time scales of events occurring since the Big Bang, including the onset of inflation, electroweak symmetry breaking, nucleosynthesis, recombination and reionisation are related through an inverse 5/2 power law to subatomic mass scales characteristic of the events. Those mass scales derive from the geometry of 10D spacetime.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1503.0066 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-06 18:35:19*

**Authors:** Thomas B Kerwick

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Although studies into the relation between the effects of hypothetical stable TeV-scale black holes produced in particle colliders relative to those which may be produced in nature due to cosmic ray (CR) collisions have already been conducted in great detail [3] this short paper re-examines the relationship between the two.Herein the same figures of CR flux and the planned number of collisions over the lifetime of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) are used to determine a comparison between the two, though different results are concluded due to account taken of the relative flux of sub-Keplerian phenomena produced at colliders (<11.186km/s) to faster naturally occurring phenomena which would evade gravity capture. A re-visitation of alternative astrophysical safety assurances follows, where some minor concerns are raised.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1503.0056 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-07 19:18:06*

**Authors:** Lubomir Vlcek

**Comments:** 46 Pages. @Sergey V., Thank you, thank you, thank you, thank you very much .... In a Physics First, Light is Captured as Both Particle and Wave

Confirmation of the theory under discussion
Wave - Particle Duality as Kinetic Energy Against and In Direction of Motion
in discussion group Theoretical Physics !!!! Eureka !!!!
Light Captures as Both Particle and Wave
Sergey V. Efremov
@Sergey V.,
Thank you, thank you, thank you, thank you very much ....
In a Physics First, Light is Captured as Both Particle and Wave
Physicists have theorized for over a century that light acts as both a particle and a wave, depending on the conditions, but they've never been able to capture it being both at once — until a team in Switzerland did just that in a recent experiment. Scientists at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne managed to take a snapshot of light in all its elusive wave-particle duality, a form first proposed by Einstein in 1905.
It was no easy task: You need light in order to take pictures of things, but how do you take a picture of light itself? The EPFL team, led by Fabrizio Carbone, started by exposing a tiny metallic nanowire to a pulse of laser light. The light travels up and down this wire and interferes with itself, forming stationary "standing waves" and illustrating that portion of light's dual nature.
At the same time, though, those waves are made of innumerable photons. This was shown by barraging the standing waves with electrons — some of which would speed up, and some slow down, depending on how they strike photons in the stream. The simple fact that these "quanta" of exchanged energy exist proves that there are particles there, not just a simple waveform of radiation (like a magnetic field).
The result is the image above, which shows light exhibiting wavelike and particle-like properties at the same time. This research, published in the journal Nature Communications, significantly advances our understanding of how light works on the smallest detectable scales, and may be highly valuable in the field of quantum computing.
It is fully in line with
Wave - Particle Duality as Kinetic Energy Against and In Direction of Motion.
Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values:
Kinetic energy against direction of motion as wave in transmission medium (as the energy of the electromagnetic field)
Tkin ad = mc2[ln |1+v/c|- (v/c)/(1+v/c)]
Kinetic energy in direction of motion as particle (as its own kinetic energy of particle )
Tkin id = mc2[ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c)/(1-v/c)]

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1503.0054 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-07 14:42:18*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

Employing Dirac’s suggested approach to “perfect and generalise the mathematical formalism that forms the existing basis of theoretical physics,” and thereafter “try to interpret the new mathematical features in terms of physical entities,” we obtain the complete set of mathematical solutions to the Wu-Yang differential equation for Dirac monopoles to find three general classes of solutions. The first set includes the Dirac Quantization Condition but generalizes to encompass fractional charges also. The second set includes charge quantization without any fractionalization, in the absence of magnetic monopoles. The third set includes electric and magnetic charges but exhibits a breaking of the electric-magnetic duality symmetry not only due to the low-energy experimental coupling ~1/137, but even at the theoretical level. We then offer some preliminary physical interpretations and suggest a path for experimental validation based on the fractionalized charge solutions which are part of the first solution set.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics