High Energy Particle Physics

1812 Submissions

[10] viXra:1812.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-30 17:40:26

Beginnings of the Helicity Basis in the (S,0)+(0,S) Representations of the Lorentz Group

Authors: Valeriy V. Dvoeglazov
Comments: 10 Pages. To be published in the Proceedings of the MG15, Rome, Jul. 2018. (World Scientific ebook)

We write solutions of relativistic quantum equations explicitly in the helicity basis for S=1/2 and S=1. We present the analyses of relations between Dirac-like and Majorana-like field operators. Several interesting features of bradyonic and tachyonic solutions are presented.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[9] viXra:1812.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 03:19:00

“QUANTUM Physics of a Sound, Respectively Physics of Pressured Oscillations of Quanticles Called “PHONONS““

Authors: Imrich Krištof
Comments: 8 Pages.

This Tech–Science text of article dedicated to the QUANTUM ACOUSTIC Sensu Stricto says about phonons, the sound quazi–particles elements, which are very interesting in nano, micro, makro scales of nature. This New Concept of QUANTUM ACOUSTIC PHYSICS OR QUANTUM PHYSICS OF SOUND IS ILLUSTRATED ON EMPIRIO–CRITICISM PHILOSOPHY OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS OF MORAVIAN BORN PROFESSOR ERNST MACH, the text operated with subjects like MACH’S NUMBER, MACH’S CONE, MACH’S PRINCIPLE, MACH’S WAVEMACHINE. The Highlights is focused on Author’s Sketches in problematic connected with AERODYNAMICS AND AERONAUTICS.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[8] viXra:1812.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-26 04:13:49

Self-interacting Electron as the Gauge Field Under the Ultimate Separation of the Absolute Quantum Motions

Authors: Peter Leifer
Comments: 13 Pages.

The problem of the reason of physical motion needs a review in the framework of quantum theory. The Aristotle's mistake, Galileo-Newton progress, Einstein physical geometry established the fundamental role of the spacetime geometry in the motion of fields and bodies. Quantum theory poses a new question about the motion of the quantum states and its reason in the quantum state space. The standard approach of quantum theory uses so-called method of the classical analogy where the action functional contains in the additive manner three terms: matter (free particles) + free fields + interaction term. Such approach leads to the quantum state space as some space of functions defined on the spacetime. I think if one try to understand the peculiarity of the self-interacting quantum particles together with its ``field shell" then the classical scheme should be replaced. Then the role of the spacetime should be revised: the space of the unlocated pure quantum degrees of freedom and its geometry will play the fundamental role and the local dynamical spacetime arises as representation of the internal quantum motions (inverse representation). I will discuss in this work a small but important change in the formulation of the field equations for the energy-momentum, orbital momentum and kinetic momentum of the self-interacting electron.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[7] viXra:1812.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 20:51:50

Estimating Lamb Shift by Using Virtual Photons

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 24 Pages. 1 figure; Include Chinese version

The virtual photon can be used to calculate the ground state energy levels of hydrogen atom and helium atom. The calculation method is relatively simple and easy to understand. The Lamb shift is a problem in quantum electrodynamics. To explain the causes of Lamb's shift, more complex calculations and various assumptions are needed. It is tested that there is a clear difference between the 2S1/2 orbital of the hydrogen atom and the 2P1/2 orbital, which involves the virtual photon exchange between the electron and the proton, which inevitably causes the difference of the virtual photon exchange mode. The difference in the way of this virtual photon exchange may cause the energy loss of the electron proton interactions of the 2S1/2 orbital and 2P1/2 orbital to differ. Through the calculations in this paper, it is found that if the 2S1/2 orbital virtual photon exchange requires additional transmission of a longer distance, the efficiency of virtual photon energy exchange will be slightly reduced. Thus the energy lost by the 2S1/2 orbital is less than the energy lost by the 2P1/2 orbital. This difference in energy reflects Lamb's shift. The calculation results are consistent with the experimental results on the order of magnitude. This suggests that Lamb shift may also be caused by changes in the efficiency of virtual photon exchange between particles.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[6] viXra:1812.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 09:48:26

The Fourth State of Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

This revolution in healthcare has many practical applications, from food hygiene to treatment of different kinds of skin diseases, purification of water and odour management. [40] A novel quantum effect observed in a carbon nanotube film could lead to the development of unique lasers and other optoelectronic devices, according to scientists at Rice University and Tokyo Metropolitan University. [39] This "piezomagnetic" material changes its magnetic properties when put under mechanical strain. [38] Researchers have developed a new flexible sensor with high sensitivity that is designed to perform variety of chemical and biological analyses in very small spaces. [37] In a new paper published today in Science Advances, researchers under the direction of Columbia Engineering Professors Michal Lipson and Alexander Gaeta (Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics) have miniaturized dual-frequency combs by putting two frequency comb generators on a single millimeter-sized chip. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[5] viXra:1812.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 22:07:23

The Masses Explanation

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

In this theory we will talk about the notion of masses masses are conceptually not understood so we will show how to understand masses now first of all masses have a relation with volume this relation defines how masses act the relation is simply is that if you have a mass having a certain volume you must now that this is not the true volume masses occupy less true volume than its seen volume being that said you know that if an element has a ratio of real volume over seen volume or real volume/seen volume in one element much less than that of another element you could conclude that the second element has larger mass
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[4] viXra:1812.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 06:08:27

Photocathodes Quantum Efficiency

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 84 Pages.

Teams from the accelerator physics and the SRF groups at HZB are developing a superconducting linear accelerator featuring energy recovery (Energy Recovery Linac) as part of the bERLinPro project. [46] Particle accelerators are made of structures called cavities, which impart energy to the particle beam, kicking it forward. [45] As an alternative cost-cutting option to accelerate particles more efficiently, the wakefield accelerator has been suggested. Physicists send a beam of either electrons, protons, or a laser through a plasma. [44] A KAIST research team successfully identified the underlying principles behind electron heating, which is one of the most important phenomena in plasmas. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[3] viXra:1812.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 04:51:14

Quanta of Decay Momentum

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages, 2 tables

The article discloses a new property of any known forcefield: elementary particles have an equal initial momentum at the distances comparable with the radius of a proton. It is probably the quanta of a decay momentum.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[2] viXra:1812.0144 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-13 18:40:24

Diffusion Limited Aggregation and the Spiderweb Distribution of Dark Matter on Galactic Scales

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 6 Pages. First draft.

It was recently found that multivariable flows from the ultraviolet (UV) to the infrared (IR) sector of field theory display universal properties. Under the assumption that these flows develop outside equilibrium, they can reproduce the dynamic content of the Standard Model (SM) and shed light on the physics of Dark Matter structures. Here we explore a scenario where the spiderweb patterns of Dark Matter on galactic scales arise from a process resembling three-dimensional Diffusion Limited Aggregation (DLA). Key words: Strange Attractors, Standard Model, Dark Matter, Cantor Dust, Diffusion Limited Aggregation.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1] viXra:1812.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 09:22:53

Particles Change Flavor in Flight

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

A recent Ph.D. thesis in University of Jyväskylä, Finland, finds that the properties of the ghost-like particles, the so-called neutrinos, can be studied at a high precision in the next generation of accelerator-based experiments. [18] The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics