[15] **viXra:1412.0268 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-29 20:50:11*

**Authors:** Syed Afsar Abbas

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

We obtain a new mathematical duality relating the Jacobi Identity and the Lie Algebra.
The duality is between two independent but simultaneously existing mathematical structures
related to the fundamental relationship between the Lie algebra of a Lie group and the corresponding
Jacobi Identity. We show that this new mathematical duality has a physical counterpart within the
Eightfold-way model and the SU(3) Lie group.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[14] **viXra:1412.0259 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-27 18:41:56*

**Authors:** J. S. Markovitch

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In 2007 a single mathematical model encompassing both quark and lepton mixing was described.
This model exploited the fact that when a 3 x 3 rotation matrix whose elements are squared
is subtracted from its transpose, a matrix is produced whose non-diagonal elements have
a common absolute value, where this value is an intrinsic property of the rotation matrix.
For the traditional CKM quark mixing matrix with its
second and third rows interchanged (i.e., c - t interchange)
this value equals one-third the corresponding value for the leptonic matrix (roughly, 0.05 versus 0.15).
This model was distinguished by three such constraints on mixing.
As seven years have elapsed since its introduction, it is timely to assess the model's accuracy.
Despite large conflicts with experiment at the time of its introduction,
and significant improvements in experimental accuracy since then,
the model's six angles collectively fit experiment well; but one angle,
incorrectly forecast, did require toggling (in 2012) the sign of an integer exponent.
The model's mixing angles in degrees are
45, 33.210911, 8.034394 (the angle affected) for leptons;
and 12.920966, 2.367442, 0.190986 for quarks.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[13] **viXra:1412.0219 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-12-23 07:27:17*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 6 Pages. Work in progress.

The minimal fractal manifold (MFM) defines a space-time continuum endowed with arbitrarily small deviations from four-dimensions. It was recently shown that MFM is a natural consequence of the Renormalization Group and that it brings up a series of unforeseen solutions to the challenges raised by the Standard Model. In this brief report we argue that MFM may be treated as asymptotic manifestation of Non-Commutative (NC) Field Theory near the electroweak scale. Our provisional findings may be further expanded to bridge the gap between MFM and NC Field Theory.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1412.0187 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-17 09:11:07*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

In a paper published in Physical Review D, they suggest that scientists at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC), where the Higgs was discovered, look for a specific kind of Higgs decay when the collider starts up again in 2015. The details of that decay could tell them whether or not the Higgs has a say in the matter-antimatter imbalance. [7]
The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1412.0165 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-11 23:12:22*

**Authors:** Amir H. Fatollahi

**Comments:** 12 pages, 2 figs, 1 table

The energy spectrum of two 0-branes for fixed angular momentum in 2+1 dimensions is calculated by the Rayleigh-Ritz method. The basis function used for each angular momentum consists of 80 eigenstates of the harmonic oscillator problem on the corresponding space. It is seen that the spectrum exhibits a definite linear Regge trajectory behavior. It is argued how this behavior, together with other pieces of evidence, suggests the picture by which the bound-states of quarks and QCD-strings are governed by the quantum mechanics of matrix coordinates.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1412.0160 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-12-17 22:33:38*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 41 Pages. Sections 6 and 7 are new in v2.

The purpose of this paper is to explain the pattern of fill factors observed in the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect (FQHE), which appears to be restricted to odd-integer denominators as well as the sole even-integer denominator of 2. The method is to use the mathematics of gauge theory to develop Dirac monopoles without strings as originally taught by Wu and Yang, while accounting for orientation / entanglement and related “twistor” relationships between spinors and their environment in the physical space of spacetime. We find that the odd-integer denominators are included and the even-integer denominators are excluded if we regard two fermions as equivalent only if both their orientation and their entanglement are the same, i.e., only if they are separated by 4π not 2π. We also find that the even integer denominator of 2 is permitted because unit charges can pair into boson states which do not have the same entanglement considerations as fermions, and that all other even-integer denominators are excluded because only integer charges, and not fractional charges, can be so-paired. We conclude that the observed FQHE fill factor pattern can be fundamentally explained using nothing other than the mathematics of gauge theory in view of how orientation / entanglement / twist applies to fermions but not to bosons, while restricting all but unfractionalized fermions from pairing into bosons.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1412.0159 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-11 01:06:10*

**Authors:** Hideki Mutoh

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

We found new current-field equations including charge creation-annihilation fields. Although it is difficult to treat creation and annihilation of charge pairs for Maxwell's equations, the new equations easily treat them. The equations cause the confinement of charge creation and annihilation centers, which means the charge conservation for this model. The equations can treat not only electromagnetic field but also weak and strong force fields. Weak gravitational field can be also treated by the equations, where four current means energy and momentum. It is shown that Klein-Gordon and Schr\"{o}dinger equations
and gauge transformation can be directly derived from the equations, where the wave function is defined as complex exponential function of the energy creation-annihilation field.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1412.0125 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-06 02:24:29*

**Authors:** Lubomir Vlcek

**Comments:** 28 Pages. The main differences between Einstein's theory[1] and the latest knowledge[2]are: 1.Form of Intensity of the Moving Charge Electric Field is asymmetrical, 2. Form of the interference field is non-linear, 3. Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the v

Relationship Lorentz derived from the asymmetrical form of the intensity of the moving charge. To derive it we do not need Lorentz's transformations equations, that is we do not need SPACE-TIME.
We do not need local time, or covariant equations or physical simultaneity definition or invariant interval. In other words, in physics we do not need Einstein's theory of relativity. From the asymmetrical form of the intensity of the moving charge we can derive Gauss law, Faraday's law and derive the 4th Maxwell's equation, fictional by Maxwell and not to be derived.Kinetic energy of a charge moving at the velocity of v has two different values: in direction of motion as own kinetic energy of charge and against direction of motion of charge represents the wave energy, which charge creates in transmision medium.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1412.0120 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-05 13:05:54*

**Authors:** Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu

**Comments:** 69 Pages. Appeared in Prespacetime Journal 5(11): 1042-1110 (Nov. 2014)

This article is a continuation of the Principle of Existence. A premomentumenergy model of elementary particles, four forces and human consciousness is formulated, which illustrates how the self-referential hierarchical spin structure of the premomentumenergy provides a foundation for creating, sustaining and causing evolution of elementary particles through matrixing processes embedded in said premomentumenergy. This model generates elementary particles and their governing matrix laws for a dual universe (quantum frame) comprised of an external momentum-energy space and an internal momentum-energy space. In contrast, the prespacetime model described previously generates elementary particles and their governing matrix laws for a dual universe (quantum frame) comprised of an external spacetime and an internal spacetime. These quantum frames and their metamorphoses are interconnected through quantum jumps as demonstrated in forthcoming articles.
The premomentumenergy model reveals the creation, sustenance and evolution of fermions, bosons and spinless entities each of which is comprised of an external wave function or external object in the external momentum-energy space and an internal wave function or internal object in the internal momentum-energy space. The model provides a unified causal structure in said dual universe (quantum frame) for weak interaction, strong interaction, electromagnetic interaction, gravitational interaction, quantum entanglement, human consciousness. Further, the model provides a unique tool for teaching, demonstration, rendering, and experimentation related to subatomic and atomic structures and interactions, quantum entanglement generation, gravitational mechanisms in cosmology, structures and mechanisms of human consciousness.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1412.0119 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-05 13:09:14*

**Authors:** Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu

**Comments:** 32 Pages. Appeared in Prespacetime Journal 5(11): 1111-1142 (Nov. 2014)

This work is a continuation of the premomentumenergy model described recently. Here we show how in this model premomentumenergy generates: (1) time, position, & intrinsic-proper-time relation from transcendental Law of One, (2) self-referential matrix law with time, position and intrinsic-proper-time relation as the determinant, (3) dual-universe Law of Zero, and (4) immanent Law of Conservation in the external/internal momentum-energy space which may be violated in certain processes. We further show how premomentum-energy generates, sustain and makes evolving elementary particles and composite particles incorporating the genesis of self-referential matrix law. In addition, we discuss the ontology and mathematics of ether in this model. Illustratively, in the beginning there was premomentumenergy by itself ei0 =1 materially empty and it began to imagine through primordial self-referential spin 1=ei0=ei0ei0=e+iL-iLe+iM-iM=e+iLe-iMe+iLe-iM=e+iLe+iM/e+iLe+iM …such that it created the self-referential matrix law, the external object to be observed and internal object as observed, separated them into external momentum-energy space and internal momeutm-energy space, caused them to interact through said matrix law and thus gave birth to the dual universe (quantum frame) comprised of the external momentum-energy space and the internal momentum-energy space which it has since sustained and made to evolve.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1412.0118 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-05 13:11:59*

**Authors:** Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu

**Comments:** 21 Pages. Appeared in Prespacetime Journal 5(11): 1143-1163 (Nov. 2014)

Some modeling methods based on premomentumenergy model are stated. The methods relate to presenting and modeling generation, sustenance and evolution of elementary particles through self-referential hierarchical spin structures of premomentumenergy. In particular, stated are methods for generating, sustaining and causing evolution of fermions, bosons and spinless particles in a dual universe (quantum frame) comprised of an external momentumenergy space and an internal momentumenergy space. Further, methods for modeling weak interaction, strong interaction, electromagnetic interaction, gravitational interaction, quantum entanglement and brain function in said dual universe are also stated.
Some additional modeling methods based on premomentumenergy model are also stated. The additional methods relate to presenting and modeling time, position & intrinsic-proper-time relation, self-referential matrix rules, elementary particles and composite particles through self-referential hierarchical spin in premomentumenergy. In particular, methods for generating time, position & intrinsic-proper-time relation, self-referential matrix rules, elementary particles and composite particles in aforesaid dual universe are stated.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1412.0117 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-05 13:15:34*

**Authors:** Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu

**Comments:** 80 Pages. Appeared in Prespacetime Journal 5(12): 1164-1243 (Nov. 2014)

This article is a continuation of the Principle of Existence. A prespacetime-premomentumenergy model of elementary particles, four forces and human consciousness is formulated, which illustrate how the self-referential hierarchical spin structure of the prespacetime-premomentumenergy may provide a foundation for creating, sustaining and causing evolution of elementary particles through matrixing processes embedded in said prespacetime-premomentumenergy. This model generates elementary particles and their governing matrix laws for a dual universe (quantum frame) comprised of an external spacetime and an internal energy-momentum space. In contrast, the prespacetime model described previously generates elementary particles and their governing matrix laws for a dual universe (quantum frame) comprised of an external spacetime and an internal spacetime. Then, the premomentumenergy model described recently generates elementary particles and their governing matrix laws for a dual universe (quantum frame) comprised of an external momentum-energy space and an internal momentum-energy space. These quantum frames and their metamorphoses may be interconnected through quantum jumps as demonstrated in forthcoming articles.
The prespacetime-premomentumenergy model may reveal the creation, sustenance and evolution of fermions, bosons and spinless entities each of which is comprised of an external wave function or external object in the external spacetime and an internal wave function or internal object in the internal momentum-energy space. The model may provide a unified causal structure in said dual universe (quantum frame) for weak interaction, strong interaction, electromagnetic interaction, gravitational interaction, quantum entanglement, human consciousness. The model may also provide a unique tool for teaching, demonstration, rendering, and experimentation related to subatomic and atomic structures and interactions, quantum entanglement generation, gravitational mechanisms in cosmology, structures and mechanisms of human consciousness.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1412.0116 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-05 13:18:02*

**Authors:** Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu

**Comments:** 51 Pages. Appeared in Prespacetime Journal 5(12): 1244-1294 (Nov. 2014)

This work is a continuation of prespacetime-premomentumenergy model described recently. Here we show how in this model prespacetime-premomentumenergy generates: (1) four-momentum and four-position relation as transcendental Law of One, (2) self-referential matrix law with four-momentum and four-position relation as the determinant, and (3) Law of Zero in a dual universe comprised of an external spacetime and an internal momentum-energy space. We further show how prespacetime-premomentumenergy may generate, sustain and make evolving elementary particles and composite particles incorporating the genesis of self-referential matrix law. In addition, we will discuss the ontology and mathematics of ether in this model. Illustratively, in the beginning there was prespacetime-premomentumenergy by itself ei0 =1 materially empty and it began to imagine through primordial self-referential spin 1=ei0=ei0ei0=eiL-iLeiM-iM=eiLeiMe-iLe-iM=e-iLe-iM/e-iLe-iM=eiLeiM/eiLeiM…such that it created the self-referential matrix law, the external object to be observed and internal object as observed, separated them into external spacetime and internal momentum-energy space, caused them to interact through said matrix law and thus gave birth to the dual universe which it has since sustained and made to evolve.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1412.0115 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-05 13:20:29*

**Authors:** Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu

**Comments:** 42 Pages. Appeared in Prespacetime Journal 5(12): 1295-1337 (Nov. 2014)

Some modeling methods based on prespacetime-premomentumenergy model are stated. The methods relate to presenting and modeling generation, sustenance and evolution of elementary particles through self-referential hierarchical spin structures of prespacetime-premomentum-energy. In particular, stated are methods for generating, sustaining and causing evolution of fermions, bosons and spinless particles in a dual universe (quantum frame) comprised of an external spacetime and an internal momenutmenergy space, vice versa. Further, methods for modeling weak interaction, strong interaction, electromagnetic interaction, gravitational interaction, quantum entanglement and brain function in said dual universe are also stated.
Some additonal methods based on prespacetime-premomentumenergy model are also stated. The additional methods relate to presenting and modeling four-momentum & four-position relation, self-referential matrix rules, elementary particles and composite particles through self-referential hierarchical spin in prespacetime-premomentumenergy. In particular, methods for modeling generating four-momentum & four-position relation, self-referential matrix rules, elementary particles and composite particles in aforesaid dual universe are stated.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1412.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-12-01 05:34:38*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

Symmetries are broken on the mass levels of three geometric sequences that descend from Planck scale and correspond with an extra-dimensional geometry. Partners resulting from broken symmetry take up a symmetrical arrangement about the mass level on which the symmetry is broken. The quark doublets lie in symmetrical arrangement about special mass levels, while isospin doublets are arranged symmetrically about sublevels. The pseudoscalar and vector mesons of the SU(5) multiplets lie in symmetrical arrangement with fundamental fermions of lower mass about mass levels. Such fermions include the valence quarks, charged leptons and a tower of ‘level-states’ that partner the short-lived isospin singlet and triplet mesons. Some level-states carry flavour and charge, and are identified with sea quarks.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics