[7] **viXra:1501.0225 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-08-02 07:11:09*

**Authors:** Binyamin Tsadik Bair-Moshe

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

A solution to the mechanism of forces and space-time that is too simple to be true, yet too elegant to be ignored.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1501.0194 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-01-31 15:51:14*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 9 Pages. Weak Force IVBs are "wormholes" to early cosmos

One can think of the IVBs as "wormholes" to a younger, hotter universe, connecting our ground-state cold electromagnetic universe with the universe as it existed a few micro-seconds after the "Big Bang". What comes through the "IVB wormhole" is a single elementary particle, newly minted in the original forge and mold of the electroweak era from long ago, and hence identical to every elementary particle (of its type) ever created, or that ever will be created. The "wormhole" connection effectively circumvents the enervating entropy of eons of cosmic expansion that would otherwise make the exact replication of single elementary particles impossible. After a little reflection it becomes obvious that this is the only method which can possibly work reliably. It is this "wormhole" connection between our ground state electromagnetic and the primordial electroweak universe that frees the alternative charge carriers (leptons and mesons), held in the electroweak symmetric energy state, to do (in our ground-state universe) their necessary work of transformation, creation, and destruction of single quarks and leptons that allows atomic matter to exist, the Sun to shine, and the information-rich Periodic Table of the Elements to be built. The universe remains a single connected unit - not only in space, but in time and historic spacetime - a connectivity that is essential to its proper functioning and conservation.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1501.0090 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-01-07 13:15:34*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

Some physicists are surprised that two relatively recent discoveries in their field have captured so much widespread attention: cosmic inflation, the ballooning expansion of the baby universe, and the Higgs boson, which endows other particles with mass. These are heady and interesting concepts, but, in one sense, what's new about them is downright boring.
These discoveries suggest that so far, our prevailing theories governing large and small—the Big Bang and the Standard Model of subatomic particles and forces—are accurate, good to go. But both cosmic inflation and the Higgs boson fall short of unifying these phenomena and explaining the deepest cosmic questions. “The Standard Model, as it stands, has no good explanation for why the Universe has anything in it at all,” says Mark Messier, physics professor at Indiana University and spokesman for an under-construction particle detector. [4]
The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1501.0086 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-01-07 11:38:13*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 8 pages, 8 figures

The fundamental particles of the Standard Model are arranged in symmetric mass hierarchy within a geometric framework that is connected to Planck scale. Atomic scales are incorporated within the scheme.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1501.0079 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-01-07 00:51:42*

**Authors:** Murod Abdukhakimov

**Comments:** 36 Pages.

The concept of axial anomaly is fully accepted by modern physics, but nearly all physicists find it weird.
Once we know from experiment that axial current is not conserved, why do we start with equation that preserves axial symmetry? Do we intentionally "make even number of mistakes" to obtain the correct result?
Is there a field equation allowing to directly derive the correct expression for the divergence of the axial current? In this paper we will find such equation and describe some amazing consequences emerging from it.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1501.0078 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-29 08:25:50*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 41 Pages.

E8 Physics (viXra 1405.0030) at high energies has Octonionic 8-dim Spacetime that is fundamentally a superposition of E8 Lattices each of which has vertices surrounded by the 240-vertex E8 Root Vector Polytope. At lower energies Octonionic symmetry is broken to Quaternionic symmetry in accord with E8 = H4 + H4 so that the 240-vertex E8 Polytope is decomposed into two copies of the Quaternionic 4-dim 120-vertex 600-cell whose relative size is the Golden Ratio. If you give one copy a rational number size, then the size of the other will be in a Golden Ratio Algebraic Extension space. Let the Rational Number 600-cell be
the Vertex Polytope for 4-dim M4 Physical Spacetime of M4 x CP2 Kaluza-Klein and the Algebraic Extension 600-cell be
the Vertex Polytope for 4-dim CP2 Internal Symmetry Space of M4 x CP2 Kaluza-Klein. Look at the 4-dim Physical Spacetime 600-cell. It has 120 vertices and 600 tetrahedra. 20 x 24 = 480 of the 600 tetrahedra are in 24 icosahedra within the 600-cell. 5 x 24 = 120 of the 600 tetrahedra are, 5 in each, connected to each of the 24 icosahedra to form 24 octahedra. The 24 octahedra form a 4-dim 24-cell, the Vertex Polytope of the 4-dim Feynman Checkerboard. 24 of the 120 vertices correspond to vertices of the 24-cell and 96 of the 120 vertices correspond to Golden Ratio points, arranged in one of the two possible consistent ways, on the 96 edges of the 24-cell dual to the original 24-cell. Even though 3-dim simplex tetrahedra cannot tile flat 3-dim space, they can combine to form curved 3-dim subspaces in 4-dim space, so that 3-dim simplex tetrahedra can be used as building blocks to construct E8 Physics by taking 1200 of them to make two 600-cells, each in its own 4-dim space, and then combining the two 600-cells and their two 4-dim spaces to make 8-dim E8 Root Vector Polytopes, and then to make E8 Lattices whose E8 Lie Algebra lives in Cl(16) Clifford Algebras whose completion of union of all tensor products form a generalized hyperfinite II1 von Neumann factor AQFT (Algebraic Quantum Field Theory) based on the realistic E8 Physics Lagrangian and corresponding to a realistic 4-dim Feynman Checkerboard.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1501.0027 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-01-03 09:42:01*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Work in progress.

As natural outcome of the Renormalization Group program, the minimal fractal manifold (MFM) describes a space-time continuum having arbitrarily small deviations from four-dimensions. Recent studies point out that MFM offers unexplored solutions to the challenges raised by the Standard Model for particle physics. Here we show that the inner connection between MFM and local conformal field theory (CFT) makes quantum spin a topological property of the MFM.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics