[12] **viXra:1301.0197 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-01-31 20:00:46*

**Authors:** Roger N. Weller

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

A closer review of particle decay schemes was undertaken in order to deduce the structure of quarks, leptons, and baryons. For simplicity only the u-, d-, and s-quarks were considered along with the most common particles. In spite of some ambiguities, many interesting results emerged: multiple particles with the same mass, a genetic relationship between leptons and baryons, and insight into the nature of u-, d-, s-quarks. Results from this study suggest the need for major modifications in the Standard Model.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1301.0174 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-12-09 12:37:40*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) we calculated the electron and muon radii of proton. We obtained that the electron radius of proton is 0.87673 fm - it is consistent with the central value obtained in experiments. The calculated muon radius of proton is 0.84077 fm and this result is consistent with experimental data also. The two different radii follow from the atom-like structure of protons described within SST.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1301.0166 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-01-27 10:18:18*

**Authors:** Peter Hickman

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Further to the paper [1], a more careful analysis of the calculation of the cosmological density ratios is wrong, this resulted from an incorrect Lagrangian for the Quaternion spinor. The Lagrangian presented in this paper is more in line with the standard formalism. With the release of the WMAP 9 year results [2] the predicted (WMAP) ratios are Dark matter 0.238 (0.236), Dark energy 0.714 (0.7181) and Baryonic matter 0.0476 (0.0461).

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1301.0150 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-10-01 20:58:17*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 40 Pages.

The E8 Physics Model of viXra 1108.0027 begins with an 8-dim Spacetime. The 120 Root Vectors of the 4-dim 600-cell correspond to half of the 240 Root Vectors of E8. The 600-cell lives in a 3-dim sphere inside 4-dim space. Projected to flat 3-dim space, the 120 Root Vectors of the 600-cell can be represented in terms of an Icosidodecahedron and Rhombic Triacontahedra. The E8 Physics Model can be described in terms of Rhombic Triacontahedra in 3-dim space, which have natural QuasiCrystal structure and also are related to tilings of 3-dim flat space by Truncated Octahedra. V2 adds details about E8 lattices. V3 revises and expands about E8 lattices. V4 discusses Ker-Newman fermion clouds.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1301.0130 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-04-29 09:14:13*

**Authors:** Mario Everaldo de Souza

**Comments:** 10 Pages. Accepted for publication in Frontiers in Science

Considering that each quark is composed of two prequarks, called primons, it is shown that the recently found neutral Higgs-like boson belongs to a triplet constituted of a neutral boson and two charged bosons. The quantum numbers of these bosons are calculated and shown to be associated to a new kind of hypercharge which is directly related to the weak decays of hadrons and to the CKM matrix elements. Solutions to the proton spin puzzle and to other problems of particle physics are presented.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1301.0128 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-01-20 16:21:31*

**Authors:** Andrew Nassif, Nasir Germain

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Now Andrew Nassif uses the following equations to discuss Germain’s composition theories of condensed matter through physics equations proven in the past by his research as well as research from other great scientist as well. My intake is that Germain’s theory supports the idea that everything that exists in the arrow of time is made of matter, this included light itself. If light is made of matter as well as extremely light subatomic particles, then can these subatomic particles such as toas and neutrinos consist of lighter weight? Also does this give it the possibility of traveling faster than the speed of light itself? Also these particles are in different places in space meaning there must be different universes consisting of them as seen on Germain’s theory.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1301.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-01-20 20:09:18*

**Authors:** Nasir Germain

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

This paper explains my newest theorists on the matter of particle physics, inertia and totes of matter

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1301.0101 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-01-16 20:58:08*

**Authors:** B. C. Chanyal

**Comments:** 287 Pages. I would like to express my sincere gratitude to my supervisor Prof. O. P. S. Negi for suggesting problems, valuable guidance and encouragement throughout the period of my research.

Historical developments of standard model and physics beyond the standard model are summarized in this thesis to understand the behavior of monopoles and dyons in current grand unified theories and quark confinement problems relevant for their production and detection. On the other hand, the various roles of four division algebras (namely the algebras of real numbers, complex numbers, quaternions and octonions) in different branches of physics and mathematics are also summarized followed by the summery of the work done in different chapters of present thesis.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1301.0087 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-01-14 14:38:41*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

4-branes that wrap the long and short fundamental 1-cycles of a rectangular toroidal orbifold T2/(Z2)3, which has Planck-scale compactification radii, intersect after 43 and 109 wrappings, respectively, in a 3-brane upon which the scale factor, equal to a power of the inverse of compactification length, has precisely the same value when measured parallel to either of the fundamental 1-cycles. The scale, 5.12 MeV, of the 3-brane is reduced from Planck scale by a factor 137-10. The distance of the 5.12 MeV intersection from the Planck brane in the orbifold covering space is precisely equal to the length of 40 cycles of the orbifold diagonal, and measures 137 Planck units. A geometric ‘Sequence of Scales’ extends from 5.12 MeV to both larger and smaller scales, and is associated with the intersections of two 4-branes, with wrapping numbers (1, 2) and (1, -2). All fields may be confined to 3-branes. Weak, strong and electromagnetic 3-branes are identified; all three are associated with ~integer wrappings of the orbifold diagonal. The electromagnetic 3-brane is located adjacent to the 5.12 MeV 3-brane, at a distance of 137.0359 Planck units from the Planck brane in the orbifold covering space. The scale on the electromagnetic 3-brane, 4.927 MeV, is related to the scale on the weak 3-brane, 91.1876 GeV, by a factor 137-2.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1301.0075 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-04-12 18:27:46*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 25 Pages. Version 4 is the final paper which will appear in the Journal of Modern Physics, in their April 2013 "Special Issue on High Energy Physics."

Based on the thesis that baryons including protons and neutrons are Yang-Mills magnetic monopoles which the author has previously developed and which has been confirmed by over half a dozen empirically-accurate predictions, we develop a GUT that is rooted in the SU(4) subgroups for the proton/electron and neutron/neutrino which were used as the basis for these predictions. The SU(8) GUT group so-developed leads following three stages of symmetry breaking to all known phenomenology including a neutrino that behaves differently from other fermions, lepto-quark separation, replication of fermions into exactly three generations, the Cabibbo mixing of those generations, weak interactions which are left-chiral, and all four of the gravitational, strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions. The next steps based on this development will be to calculate the masses and energies associated with the vacuum terms of the Lagrangian, to see if additional empirical confirmations can be achieved, especially for the proton and neutron and the fermion rest masses.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1301.0033 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-01-06 17:09:15*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 8 Pages. part 2 of 3

The charges of matter are the symmetry debts of light (Noether's Theorem). These debts must be paid in full to satisfy energy, symmetry, and charge conservation (as through matter-antimatter charge annihilation or its equivalent). The function of local gauge symmetry, as effected by the field vectors of the four forces, is to ensure, protect, and maintain charge invariance (serving charge and symmetry conservation) and the invariance of the "Interval" and velocity c ("Lorentz Invariance" serving causality and energy conservation), during and after the transformation of light (free electromagnetic energy) to matter (bound electromagnetic energy), as in the "Big Bang" (or in any subsequent interconversion between bound and free energy forms). Conservation must be observed in the "local" realm of matter no less than in the "global" realm of light - and in their compound domain of historical spacetime.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1301.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-01-01 08:19:54*

**Authors:** M. Pitkanen

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

The existence of Higgs and its identification have been continual source of head ache in TGD framework. The vision which looks most plausible at this moment is rather conservative in the sense that it assumes that standard description of massivation using Higgs in QFT framework is the only possible one: if TGD has QFT limit, then Higgs provides a phenomenological parametrization of particle masses providing a mimicry for the microscopic description relying on p-adic thermodynamics. The anomalies related to Higgs are however still there. A new explanatory piece in the puzzle is M_{89} hadron physics. The gamma ray background from the decays of M_{89} pions could explain the anomalous decay rate to gamma pairs and the problemsrelated to the determination of Higgs mass. It could explain also the production of highly correlated charged particle pairs observed first at RHIC for colliding heavy ions and two years ago at LHC for proton heavy-ion collisions as decay products of string like objects of M_{89} hadron physics, the observations of Fermi satellite, and maybe even the latest Christmas rumour suggesting the existence of charge 2 states decaying to lepton pairs by identifying them as leptomeson formed from two color octet muons and produced ivia intermediate parallel gluon pairs n the decay of M_{89} mesonic strings to ordinary hadrons and leptons.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics