[15] **viXra:1408.0229 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-31 06:59:09*

**Authors:** Bakhmetov Sergey Petrovich

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

В теории даны определения для гравитационного, электромагнитного и ядерного взаимодействий, постоянной тонкой структуры, удельной энергии связи, черной дыры. Представлены геометрические модели для электрона, протона, нейтрона, ядра атома дейтерия, п - мезона, м - мезона. Найдены численные значения для постоянной тонкой структуры и отношения массы протона, нейтрона, п - мезона, м - мезона к массе электрона.
In theory, given the definition of the gravitational, electromagnetic and nuclear interactions, the fine structure constant, the specific binding energy of the black hole. Shows the geometric model for the electron, proton, neutron, nucleus of an atom of deuterium, n - meson, m - meson. Found numerical values for the fine structure constant and the ratio of the mass of the proton, neutron, n - meson, m - meson to the mass of the electron.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[14] **viXra:1408.0224 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-03-12 23:35:52*

**Authors:** Jeff Yee

**Comments:** 35 pages

A new, energy wave equation is proposed to calculate subatomic particle energies, including rest mass, photon energies and annihilation properties. Evidence in support of the equation is presented in this paper by accurately calculating the rest energy of particles, the hydrogen spectral series and the ionization energies for elements from hydrogen to calcium. This paper also proposes that a fundamental particle is the building block for all other subatomic particles as there is a linear relationship established between particle number and mass, similar to how atomic elements were simplified by a linear relationship between atomic number and mass. The relationship between atomic number and mass ultimately led to the Periodic Table of Elements and the discovery of the proton as the fundamental nucleon that creates all of the known elements.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[13] **viXra:1408.0222 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-31 05:38:43*

**Authors:** Peter Hickman

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Yang–Mills Theory coupled to Gravitation is found, using the 6d spaces [1], f-matrices which are doublets of gamma matrices and spin-vectors. Lagrangians for the fermion sector with internal symmetry G=SU(4) coupled to Gravitation, and the scalar sector with quadratic potentials are derived. Calculations given for Higgs bare mass 125.3GeV, Dark matter scalar particle mass 41.8GeV, the cosmological constant 1.15e-52 m-2, Top quark mass 172.7GeV, Higgs VEV 246.2GeV. Inflaton field is a negative complex potential. Electric charges of quarks and leptons are determined. Matter-antimatter asymmetry is resolved. Symmetry breaking of G results in QCD SU(3), QED U(1), and Chiral Electroweak group SU(2)xU(1) is an emergent interaction are the only other gauge groups acting on 3 generations.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1408.0196 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-08-29 22:20:17*

**Authors:** A. Rivero

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

A supersymmetric version of Chew's "democratic bootstrap" argument predicts the existence of three generations of particles, with a quark, of type "up", more massive that the other five.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1408.0185 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-27 07:41:44*

**Authors:** Lubomir Vlcek

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α) moving with speeds ( 0,3 c – 0,99 c ) creates baryons and mesons.
Stable electrons moving with speeds ( 0,99 c – c ) creates leptons (μ−, τ−), neutrinos (νe, νμ, ντ) and bosons W +, W-, Z.
Speeds of electrons and protons in atoms are smaller. For example: An electron moving at a speed ve= 0,003c creates spectral line Hα.
Weak interactions are caused with stable electrons, which creates leptons, neutrinos and bosons W +, W-, Z.
The strong interactions are caused with stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α ), which creates baryons and mesons. Therefore creation and annihilation operators in physics are irrelevant.
Decay modes „elementary particles“

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1408.0162 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-08-26 02:09:30*

**Authors:** A.Garcés Doz

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

In this paper it is demonstrated that all the masses of the standard model particles; including the Higgs boson h; with nonzero rest mass, comply with the equation of energy-momentum. The model Higgs vacuum corresponds to a virtual vacuum, for which the contribution of particles with zero rest mass is null (photon, gluon, graviton) .With the best values of the masses of the particles (Particle Data Group), it is found that axion mass has to be extremely small. Also the theoretical model Higgs vacuum, a completely new model based on the lattice R8 and sixteen matrix elements of energy; corresponding to the four solutions of the equation of energy-momentum (isomorphism with the four components of the scalar field. One complex doublet ); to be factored into two factors with real and imaginary components of energy. Of this new model Higgs vacuum; naturally get the beta angle. Stop quark mass is obtained by solving the equation of radiative mass correction Higss boson, h, to one loop. The exact determination of the beta angle, allows calculating the mass of the stop of about 1916 GeV. Similarly, a mass for axion is proposed of around 110 micro eV

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1408.0153 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-23 11:32:31*

**Authors:** Hironobu Kihara

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

This paper reviews the well-known fact that nilpotent Hermitian operators on physical state spaces are zero, thereby indicating that the supersymmetries and ``Grassmann numbers" are also zero on these spaces.
Next, a positive definite inner product of a Grassmann algebra is demonstrated, constructed using a Hodge dual operator which is similar to that of differential forms.
From this example, it is shown that the Hermitian conjugates of the basis do not anticommute with the basis and,
therefore, the property that ``Grassmann numbers" commute with ``bosonic quantities" and
anticommute with ``fermionic quantities", must be revised.
Hence, the fundamental principles of supersymmetry must be called into question.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1408.0152 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-23 08:00:33*

**Authors:** Ramzi Suleiman

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The research on quasi-luminal neutrinos has sparked several experimental studies for testing the "speed of light limit" hypothesis. Until today, the overall evidence favors the "null" hypothesis, stating that there is no significant difference between the observed velocities of light and neutrinos. Despite numerous theoretical models proposed to explain the neutrinos behavior, no attempt has been undertaken to predict the experimentally produced (v-c)/c results. This paper presents a simple novel extension of Newton's mechanics to the domain of relativistic velocities. For a typical neutrino-velocity experiment, the proposed model is utilized to derive a general expression for (v-c)/c. Comparison of the model's prediction with results of six neutrino-velocity experiments, conducted by five collaborations, reveals that the model predicts all the reported results with striking accuracy. Because in the proposed model, the direction of the neutrino flight matters, the model's impressive success in accounting for all the tested data, indicates a complete collapse of the Lorentz symmetry principle in stringent tests involving quasi-luminal particles, moving in two opposite directions. This conclusion is support by previous studies on the linear Sagnac effect, indicating that the travel-time difference between two counter-propagating light beams, relative to a uniformly moving fiber, is identical one detected in radial motion.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1408.0151 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-23 04:29:00*

**Authors:** Nigel B. Cook

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

There are two contributions to the propagator, one from massless field quanta which doesn’t have a running coupling, and one from massive field quanta which generate the logarithmic running contribution to mass above the IR cutoff of about 0.5 Mev, which is utilized in renormalization procedures. In other words, the observed particle mass below 0.5 Mev (where no pair production, vacuum polarization, or running of mass and coupling occur), is predictable from integral of the massless Coulomb field potential Feynman diagram. (This paper further develops the theory discussed in “Mechanism of renormalization can predict particle masses,” N. B. Cook, vixra, 24 July 2014.)

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1408.0114 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-18 09:00:15*

**Authors:** P. R. Silva

**Comments:** 09 paged, 18 references

We use a Dirac-like equation with a linear potential in order to evaluate the energy levels of the excited states of the Y-shaped color-electric flux tubes, describing the quarks interactions inside the nucleon. We have neglected the bare-masses of the quarks, and the obtained results reproduce the energy of the centroid of the excited states of the nucleon as well as the possible creation of nucleon-antinucleon pairs.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1408.0103 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-17 07:24:10*

**Authors:** M. Hafidouni

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

The negative binomial distribution is derived as a solution of a linear recurrence equation with an appropriate set of constraints

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1408.0094 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-09-17 06:16:35*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 11 Pages. Work in progress.

In the far infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) sectors of particle physics, propagators for charged fermions no longer follow the prescription of perturbative quantum field theory (QFT). They acquire a fractal structure from radiative corrections contributed by gauge bosons. Here we show how fractal propagators in QFT may be analyzed using fractional field theory on spacetimes having minimal deviations from four-dimensionality. An intriguing consequence of this approach is the emergence of classical gravity as long-range and ultra-weak excitation of the Higgs condensate.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1408.0089 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-14 11:08:01*

**Authors:** E.Koorambas

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

We will study the gravitational forces acting between static massive sources generated by exchange of massless gravitons within the framework of Quantum Gauge Theory Gravity .The gravitational force will be determined via Wilson loops and Polyakov loop correlation functions. This method will enable us to separate the contribution of the quantum mechanical transverse graviton from that of the classical longitudinal field. It will be the method of choice if one attempts to determine the gravitational static force in simulations of Quantum Gauge Theory Gravity on a Rindler space lattice.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1408.0061 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-11-21 04:13:24*

**Authors:** Ichiro Nakayama

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

This manuscript newly proposes a model of elementary particles and space that describes the creation and structure of the universe from a collective point of view, and that includes the interaction of elementary particles, the generation of electromagnetic field, gravity and unknown dark energy. This model goes ahead of “quantum field theory” with showing many concrete figures, even if it leaves mathematical quantitative inspections until later. The body of the theory is intuitively convinced by anyone. In this theory, the aspect of the universe is caught as not mere mathematical three -dimensional space, but really existent matter (energy body) with physical nature. More, the material of many types of elementary particles is the same material as the universe.
Namely, elementary particles are the energy body itself with the closed waves that are rotating around their own axis. Also, space generates elementary particles and absorbs them by condensation and diffusion of space.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1408.0015 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-08-03 19:06:47*

**Authors:** Nathan O. Schmidt

**Comments:** 20 pages, 3 figures, accepted by the Hadronic Journal

In this work, we upgrade the Inopin-Schmidt quark confinement and baryon-antibaryon duality proof with Santilli's new iso-mathematics. For a baryon-antibaryon pair confined to the six-coloring kagome lattice of the Inopin Holographic Confinement Ring (IHCR), we construct a cutting-edge procedure that iso-topically lifts the antisymmetric wavefunctions and matrices to iso-wavefunctions and iso-matrices, respectively. The initial results support our hypothesis that transitions between the energy and resonance states of the hadronic spectra may be rigorously characterized by properly-calibrated iso-topic liftings. In total, these rich developments suggest a promising future for this emerging iso-confinement framework, which must be subjected to additional scientific inquiry, scrutiny, and exploration.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics