High Energy Particle Physics

1702 Submissions

[10] viXra:1702.0332 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-07 09:18:25

A New Empirical Approach to Quark and Lepton Masses

Authors: Kevin Loch
Comments: 5 Pages.

We present an alternative to the Koide formula and it’s extensions. By introducing two parameters k and alpha_f derived from charged leptons we are able to construct new empirical formulas that appear to relate all fundamental fermion pole masses. The predicted masses are in excellent agreement with known experimental values and constraints for heavy quarks and neutrinos. For light quarks we predict speculative pole masses of the same order of magnitude as μ=1GeV MS masses but higher by a factor of ~1.5. The condition where k^12=3.5 (exact) is also considered as it would allow ultra high precision predictions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[9] viXra:1702.0329 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-03 03:30:38

Sedeonic Field Theory

Authors: Victor L. Mironov, Sergey V. Mironov
Comments: 137 Pages. Revised version

This book is a systematic presentation of sixteen-component space-time "sedeons" and their applications to describe quantum particles and fields.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[8] viXra:1702.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-26 11:40:40

About Neutrinos Masses

Authors: P. R. Silva
Comments: 16 pages, 25 references

Inspired in Dimitar Valev proposal that the masses of some elementary particles are proportional to their interaction couplings evaluated at very low energies, we give estimates for the masses of the three flavors of neutrinos. A procedure analogous to the see-saw mechanism is also used to do a second estimate of the electron-neutrino mass. From the flavors neutrino masses, we get the differences in the squared eigenstates masses, used to fit the solar and atmospheric neutrinos observations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[7] viXra:1702.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-22 16:23:10

Theory of Existence

Authors: Guilherme Henrique Contel Anzulim
Comments: 51 Pages.

The present work develops a simple unifying theory, titled Theory of Existence, which tries to explain the bases of functioning of the universe. It presents a new interpretation for the space-time, using the concepts of energy and dimensions. Is based on the conservation of energy, the principle of superposition, and the distribution of energy along dimensions. Simulations of a universe fragment were made in a digital system, and the data obtained, as well as the concepts of existence theory, were used to explain the main topics of known physics.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[6] viXra:1702.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-20 08:06:47

Six New Particles to Standard Model

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A quartet of researchers has boldly proposed the addition of six new particles to the standard model to explain five enduring problems. [17] Symmetry is the essential basis of nature, which gives rise to conservation laws. In comparison, the breaking of the symmetry is also indispensable for many phase transitions and nonreciprocal processes. Among various symmetry breaking phenomena, spontaneous symmetry breaking lies at the heart of many fascinating and fundamental properties of nature. [16] One of the biggest challenges in physics is to understand why everything we see in our universe seems to be formed only of matter, whereas the Big Bang should have created equal amounts of matter and antimatter. CERN's LHCb experiment is one of the best hopes for physicists looking to solve this longstanding mystery. [15] Imperial physicists have discovered how to create matter from light-a feat thought impossible when the idea was first theorized 80 years ago. [14] How can the LHC experiments prove that they have produced dark matter? They can't… not alone, anyway. [13] The race for the discovery of dark matter is on. Several experiments worldwide are searching for the mysterious substance and pushing the limits on the properties it may have. [12] Dark energy is a mysterious force that pervades all space, acting as a "push" to accelerate the universe's expansion. Despite being 70 percent of the universe, dark energy was only discovered in 1998 by two teams observing Type Ia supernovae. A Type 1a supernova is a cataclysmic explosion of a white dwarf star. The best way of measuring dark energy just got better, thanks to a new study of Type Ia supernovae. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[5] viXra:1702.0194 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-20 13:49:59

Time Divergence Model of Superposition

Authors: Arthur E Pletcher
Comments: 12 Pages.

TDMS explains the primary mysteries of quantum mechanics and cosmology, by proposing that time intervals vary between scales of great magnitude. In nanoscopic scales time diverges (expands), and in macroscopic scales time converges (contracts per distance squared). Time Divergence (TD) proposes that an observer will view a nanoscopic particle with an expanded range of time, from past to present, in his single moment, like a time-lapse. For example, an electron obital, viewed in a single moment represents a time interval from −∆t (past) to +∆t future. Unlike superposition, modulus states do progress in time from ground to excited. TD explains the orbital gaps as simply the portions of rotation that are outside of this time range. TD predicts that wave collapse occurs when the introduction of an intermediate apparatus (such as a detector), brings the observation (from source to effect) to essentially the same scale. TD offers an alternate explanation to the ”undetermined probability wavefunction Ψ”. Explanations, resolutions and insights gained: In nanoscales: * The cloud appearance of electron orbits * The gaps between electron orbits are very much predicted * The shapes of orbitals * Collapse, as well as duality * Why orbital density appears closest to nucleus * Progression of energy states * TDMS suggests that information about energy states and position can be gained from comparing observations at two separate points in time. In macroscales: * Accelerated expansion * Millisecond pulsars * Galaxy outer rim rotation mysteries * The nonuniform expansion of supernovae remnant clouds
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[4] viXra:1702.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-10 09:57:40

Top Quark for Understanding the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

If researchers at Florida Institute of Technology, employing pioneering new methods, are able to determine the top quark's mass at a level of precision as yet unachieved, they will move science closer to understanding whether the universe is stable, as we have long believed to be the case, or unstable. [16] Last February, scientists made the groundbreaking discovery of gravitational waves produced by two colliding black holes. Now researchers are expecting to detect similar gravitational wave signals in the near future from collisions involving neutron stars—for example, the merging of two neutron stars to form a black hole, or the merging of a neutron star and a black hole. [15] In a new study published in EPJ A, Susanna Liebig from Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany, and colleagues propose a new approach to nuclear structure calculations. The results are freely available to the nuclear physicists' community so that other groups can perform their own nuclear structure calculations, even if they have only limited computational resources. [14] The PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a particle accelerator at Brookhaven National Laboratory uniquely capable of measuring how a proton's internal building blocks — quarks and gluons — contribute to its overall intrinsic angular momentum, or "spin." [13] More realistic versions of lattice QCD may lead to a better understanding of how quarks formed hadrons in the early Universe. The resolution of the Proton Radius Puzzle is the diffraction pattern, giving another wavelength in case of muonic hydrogen oscillation for the proton than it is in case of normal hydrogen because of the different mass rate. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[3] viXra:1702.0077 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-10 11:04:23

A Lexicon and Exploration Status Document for the Extended Rishon Model

Authors: Luke Kenneth Casson Leighton
Comments: 30 Pages.

The Extended Rishon Model is currently in continuous development, expansion and clarification, yet with nothing found that is contradictory to its initial foundations as of over three decades ago. However there are a series of recurring themes that have a large body of evidence to support, some less-well-confirmed themes and a body of hypotheses that need significant further exploration. This document - which will be continuously revised - therefore keeps track of the different categories in order to avoid repetition, and to make it much easier for others to understand the Extended Rishon Model.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[2] viXra:1702.0058 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-04 12:36:36

Physical Interpretation of the 30 8-Simplexes in the E8 240-Polytope

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 15 Pages.

248-dim Lie Group E8 has 240 Root Vectors arranged on a 7-sphere S7 in 8-dim space. The 12 vertices of a cuboctahedron live on a 2-sphere S2 in 3-dim space. They are also the 4x3 = 12 outer vertices of 4 tetrahedra (3-simplexes) that share one inner vertex at the center of the cuboctahedron. This paper explores how the 240 vertices of the E8 Polytope in 8-dim space are related to the 30x8 = 240 outer vertices of 30 8-simplexes whose 9th vertex is a shared inner vertex at the center of the E8 Polytope.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[1] viXra:1702.0051 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-19 17:35:47

Quantum Interpretation of the Proton Anomalous Magnetic Moment

Authors: Michaele Suisse, Peter Cameron
Comments: 8 Pages.

The role of the anomalous moment in the geometric Clifford algebra of proton topological mass generation suggests that the anomaly is not an intrinsic property of the free space proton, but rather a topological effect of applying the electromagnetic bias field required to define the eigenstates probed by the magnetic moment measurement. Quantum interpretations strive to explain emergence of the world we observe from formal quantum theory. This variant on the canonical measurement problem is examined in the larger context of quantum interpretations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics