[11] **viXra:1308.0150 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-08-30 02:44:05*

**Authors:** Bassera Hamid

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The present paper gives a very simple way how electron-neutrino mass can be calculated using nuclear reaction namely proton-proton one.
It depends only on the measurement precision of the binding energy of deuteron , the result may be m_(ν_e )=0.12 ev

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1308.0134 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-08-26 16:54:09*

**Authors:** Ramzi Suleiman

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The present paper utilizes the recently proposed Complete Relativity Theory (CR) for
the prediction of neutrino velocity in a prototypical neutrino velocity experiment. The
derived expression for the relative difference of the neutrino velocity with respect to
the velocity of light is a function of the anticipation time t, the traveled distance D
and the light velocity c, measured on Earth. It is independent neither on the traveling
particle type nor on its energy level. With regard to fast neutrinos it is shown that the
derived equation predicts with precision the results reported by OPERA, MINOS, and
ICARUS. Since CR postulates that all physical entities, including the velocity of light,
are relativistic entities, it follows that even though the results of the aforementioned
experiments fail to support the neutrino superluminality claim, their precise prediction
based on a theory that diametrically opposes SR, provides strong evidence for the inadequacy
of SR in accounting for the dynamics of quasi-luminal particles. The aforementioned
notwithstanding, a direct calculation of SR’s predictions for the above mentioned
studies yields grossly incorrect results.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1308.0111 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-08-26 18:04:57*

**Authors:** E.Koorambas

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

We test the Electric Charged Swap (ECS) symmetry in the case of quarks. We propose a quark (q)- and an ECS-quark (q῀)-bound state, qq῀. We explain the electric charged charmonium Z+c (3, 9) meson as a charm quark (c)- and charm ECS-quark (c῀)- bound state (cc῀). We predict that J/ψ and π+ mesons are the decay products of a Z+c (3, 9), as it has been recently observed at the Beijing Electron Positron Collider (BES) III. Furthermore, from the charm ECS-quark (c῀) of mass 2,3GeV we predict two new mesons, an electric charged charmed meson D¯*+(zm) and a neutral charmed meson D*0(zm).

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1308.0095 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-09-04 04:16:05*

**Authors:** Peter Hickman

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

In this revised paper solutions to the nature of Matter, Dark matter, Dark energy, Inflation, Matter-Antimatter asymmetry and Higgs Hierarchy problem are proposed. Vector spaces (p,q,ℝ) with p+q complex dimensional scalar fields and an asymmetric metric are considered. The dimension p+q is calculated to be 6. Matter and Dark Matter energy is bounded [7.1e-3/g,1.7e28/h]eV. where g,h are functions of the degeneracy. The Higgs VEV is dependent on the Cosmological constant, using Planck Mission data the Higgs VEV is 246.3GeV. The gauge group SU(2,2) spontaneously breaks to SU(3) or SU(2)xU(1). Its predicted that Matter has 48 degrees of freedom which after symmetry breaking results in the 6 quarks and 6 leptons. The normalisation of a quaternion 2-vector results in a lower bound for r and consequently the Schwarzschild physical singularity is non-existent. Its predicted that Space-Time inflated by 89.2 e-foldings. Cosmological density ratios are predicted (Planck Mission): Dark matter 0.268(0.268), Baryonic 0.05((0.049), and Dark energy 0.682(0.683).

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1308.0088 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-08-17 20:46:15*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 6 Pages. Selected text from CSF, 17 (5), 811-818, (2003)

We suggest how the fine structure constant may be retrieved from applying fractional calculus to the short-distance regime of quantum electrodynamics.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1308.0070 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-08-19 13:41:58*

**Authors:** Victor Stepanovitch Mitin

**Comments:** 61 Pages. Russian language.

In this essay in three parts, the most important and substantional issues of the physical science are solved through its maximum possible geometrization. The first part “The structures of proton and gravity” include: 1) the structure of proton and attraction characteristics of its parts with a bonding factor equal to α/2π where α is the constant of the thin structure, as well as an item about the law of conservation of the electric charge in this case; 2) the magnitude of the light speed with an account of the effect of “zeroing” at interferention; 3) the expression for the square root of the Newton’s gravitational constant improving the dimensions of this quantity through other “world constants” such as the electron specific charge, number fragment of light speed ξ, and Avogadro number.
The first part is above all an answer to the question: “Is it possible to split a proton at collisions of particles of very large energies?” The second part gives an answer to the question “From what, in the long run, the matter consists?” as the name itself of the part argues: “Electron, photon, and the Avogadro number”. The third part “The Equation of the first mother, or the Golden Equation (AE)” contains, in particular, answers to the questions: “Why the eternal uneasiness is inherent in matter?” and “What are the neutrino ν_e, neutretto ν_μ, and their antipodes?”

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1308.0067 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-08-12 20:05:17*

**Authors:** Jesus Alberto Cazares Montes

**Comments:** 82 Pages. Thesis in Spanish.

Capıtulo 1. Ecuacion relativista de onda: Historia y el armazon general matematico 1
1.1 Teorıa relativista de una partıcula y
notacion relativista 1
1.2 Grupos de Lorentz y Poincare 5
1.3 Ecuacion de Dirac 11
Capıtulo 2. Ecuacion relativista de onda: Las representaciones del tipo (j, 0) + (0, j) 17
Postulados de Wigner: Una ecuacion de onda para spin j 17
2.2 Spin j = 1/2: Ecuacion de Dirac 20
2.2.1 Soluciones a la ecuacion de Dirac 23
2.2.2 Espinores propios del operador de helicidad 27
2.3 Spin j = 1: Ecuaciones de Maxwell-Weinberg 28
2.3.1 Soluciones a la ecuacion de Maxwell-Weinberg 32
2.3.2 Espinores propios del operador de helicidad 35
2.3.3 Lımite sin masa 36
Capıtulo 3. Generalizaciones y simetrıas 41 Generalizaciones a la relacion de Ryder-Burgard para spin j = 1/2 41
3.2 Generalizaciones de la relacion de Ryder-Burgard para spin j = 1 46
3.3 Bispinores de Majorana 48
3.3.1 Bispinores para spin j = 1/2 48
3.3.2 Bispinores para spin j = 1 52
3.4 Ecuaciones en base de las relaciones entre bispinores de helicidad opuesta 56
3.5 Paridad 62
Apendice. Traduccion al espanol del artıculo ”Teoria simmetrica dell’elettrone
e del positrone”de E. Majorana, Nuovo Cimento 14 (1937) 171-184. 65
• Bibliografıa 80

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1308.0059 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-08-12 11:35:08*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

We demonstrate how fermion rest masses may be understood on a strictly geometric footing, by showing how the Dirac equation is just a special case of the Einstein equation for gravitation in curved spacetime, in view of Weyl’s theory of gauge (phase) invariance.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1308.0054 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-08-10 18:18:41*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Correlations of temperature fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background are linked to the effective number of neutrino flavors present in the era of recombination (Neff). The Standard Model of particle physics (SM) constrains Neff to be precisely three and all results to-date are indeed compatible with this number. However, current cosmological data consistently hint that Neff is somewhat larger than three. These findings may be the first tentative evidence for exotic matter that contains non-integer number of quanta per state, as first postulated by the author in 2006.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1308.0052 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-08-09 16:23:03*

**Authors:** Nathan O. Schmidt, Reza Katebi

**Comments:** 13 pages, 4 figures, accepted in the Hadronic Journal

In this preliminary paper, we apply the Riemannian dual (fractional quantum Hall superfluidic) space-time topology and the six-coloring Gribov vacuum to protium and antiprotium. The results suggest that it may be possible to generalize this framework to all atomic elements. Therefore, this subject warrants further scrutiny, collaboration, refinement, and investigation.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1308.0048 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2013-08-09 13:55:54*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 52 Pages.

This is the second partial draft of a paper under development to further elaborate the author’s thesis presented in several earlier-published papers, that baryons including protons and neutrons are Yang-Mills magnetic monopoles. This paper fully develops the non-linear aspects of Yang-Mills gauge theory and applies these to the inverses used to populate the Yang-Mills magnetic monopolies with quarks and turn them into baryons and give rise to QCD. We also show how the perturbations in these inverses, which arise from the non-linear theory, are responsible for the short-range of the nuclear interaction, notwithstanding the zero-mass gluon gauge fields. This solves the mass gap problem and demonstrates how strong interactions may have a short range notwithstanding their massless gluon gauge fields. Additionally, sections 7 and 8 develop a classical field equation which fully unifies gauge theory with gravitational theory.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics