[14] **viXra:1208.0219 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-05-15 00:39:04*

**Authors:** Andrej E. Inopin, Nathan O. Schmidt

**Comments:** 16 pages, 10 figures, published in the Hadronic Journal

We prove quark (and antiquark) confinement for a baryon-antibaryon pair and design a well-defined, easy-to-visualize, and simplified mathematical framework for particle and astro physics based on experimental data. From scratch, we assemble a dual 4D space-time topology and generalized coordinate system for the Schwarzschild metric. Space-time is equipped with "fractional quantum number order parameter fields" and topological defects for the simultaneous and spontaneous breaking of several symmetries, which are used to construct the baryon wavefunction and its corresponding antisymmetric tensor. The confined baryon-antibaryon pair is directly connected to skyrmions with "massive 'Higgs-like' scalar amplitude-excitations" and "massless Nambu-Goldstone pseudo-scalar phase-excitations". Newton's second law and Einstein's relativity are combined to define a Lagrangian with effective potential and effective kinetic. We prove that our theory upgrades the prediction precision and accuracy of QCD/QED and general relativity, implements 4D versions of string theory and Witten's M-theory, and exemplifies M.C. Escher's duality.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[13] **viXra:1208.0213 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-05-18 00:35:33*

**Authors:** George Kirakosyan

**Comments:** 42 Pages. 9 Figures, Accepted to publication in HADRONIC JOURNAL

An approach/methodology proposed to basic problems, alternative to standard formalism. The opportunity of representation of the quantum phenomena in causality principle, on the wave-field common nature of the substance is shown. Elementary particles physical essence and types of interactions interpreted within wave-field peculiarities. The problems with de Broglie wave and particles’ double slit interference discussed. Physical models of basic hadrons, their internal structure and static fields’ configurations proposed. The values of mass, spin, magnetic moments of n, p hadrons defined within modeling. Causal interpretation to β decay presented. The tremendous penetrating peculiarity of neutrino discussed. Structural schemas to He, C nucleons are proposed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1208.0207 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-08-25 15:00:57*

**Authors:** B.D.O. Adams

**Comments:** 8 Pages. Spelling corrections in new version

We describe a simple experiment to look for currents of very low mass
particles interacting via some fifth force. We assume some Baryons also
interact with this force providing a connection to normal matter. And we
also assume that both Fermion and Boson low mass particles are present.
In such a case Fermions will more attracted to low density matter while
Bosons would be profered at high density. If such particles are present
we might detect a current between condensing gases and boiling liquids.
An experiment is designed whereby such a current might turn assymetric
dye molecules to point in the direction of the current. Such turned dye
molecules may then be detected by their effect on polarised light. We design
such a experiment, and perform it at a desktop scale. We hope future
experimenters may perform the experiment to better precision, with other
fluids and more professional tolerances than we can provide.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1208.0203 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-08-27 17:54:35*

**Authors:** Leonardo Pedro

**Comments:** 26 Pages. corrected the Proofs of Propositions 2.10, 3.5 and 6.13

In a Majorana basis, the Dirac equation for a free spin one-half
particle is a 4x4 real matrix differential equation. The solution can
be a Majorana spinor, a 4x1 real column matrix, whose entries are real
functions of the space-time.
Can a Majorana spinor, whose entries are real functions of the
space-time, describe the energy, linear and angular momentums of a
free spin one-half particle? We show that it can.
We show that the Majorana spinor is an irreducible
representation of the double cover of the proper
orthochronous Lorentz group and of the full Lorentz group.
The Fourier-Majorana and Hankel-Majorana
transforms are defined and related to the linear and angular momentums
of a free spin one-half particle.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1208.0156 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-11-13 01:48:49*

**Authors:** Matti Pitkanen

**Comments:** 43 Pages.

The discovery of a new spinless particle at LHC has dominated the discussions in physics blogs during July 2012. Quite many bloggers identify without hesitation the new particle as the long sought for Higgs although some aspects of data do not encourage the interpretation as standard model Higgs or possibly its SUSY variant. Maybe the reason is that it is rather imagine any other interpretation. In this article the TGD based interpretation as a pion-like states of scaled up variant of hadron physics is discussed explaining also why standard model Higgs - by definition provider of fermion masses - is not needed. Essentially one assumption, the separate conservation of quark and lepton numbers realized in terms of 8-D chiral invariance, excludes Higgs like states in this sense as also standard N=1 SUSY.
One can however consider Higgs like particles giving masses to weak gauge bosons: motivation comes from the correctly predicted group theoretical W/Z mass ratio. The pion of M_{89} hadron physics is the TGD proposal for a state behaving like Higgs and its decays via instanton coupling mimic the decays of Higgs to gauge boson pairs. For this option also charged Higgs like states are prediction.
The instanton coupling can however generate vacuum expectation value of pion and this indeed happens in the model for leptopion. This would lead to the counterpart of Higgs mechanism with weak bosons "eating" three components of Higgs. This is certainly a problem. The solution is that at microscopic level instanton density can be non-vanishing only in Euclidian regions representing lines of generalized Feynman diagrams. It is Euclidian pion - a flux tube connecting opposite throats of a wormhole contact which develops vacuum expectation whereas ordinary pion is Minkowskian and corresponds to flux tube connecting throats of separate wormhole contacts and cannot develop vacuum expectation.
This identification could explain the failure to find the decays to τ pairs and also the excess of two-gamma decays. The decays gauge boson pairs would be caused by the coupling of pion-like state to instanton density for electro-weak gauge fields. Also a connection with the dark matter researches reporting signal at 130 GeV and possibly also at 110 GeV suggests itself: maybe also these signals also correspond to pion-like states.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1208.0145 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-18 14:34:01*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Realistic Physics models must describe both commutator Bosons and anticommutator Fermions so that spin and statistics are consistent. The usual commutator structure of Lie Algebras can only describe Bosons, so a common objection to Physics models that describe both Bosons and Fermions in terms of a single unifiying Lie Algebra (for example, Garrett Lisi's E8 TOE) is that they violate consistency of spin and statistics by using Lie Algebra commutators to describe Fermions. However, Pierre Ramond has shown in hep-th/0112261 as shown that the exceptional Lie Algebra F4 can be described using anticommutators as well as commutators. This essay uses the periodicity property of Real ticommutators as well as commutators so that it may be possible to construct a realistic Physics model that uses the exceptional LiClifford Algebras to show that E8 can also be described using ane Algebra E8 to describe both Bosons and Fermions. E8 also inherits from F4 Triality-based symmetries between Bosons and Fermions that can give the useful results of SuperSymmetry without requiring conventional SuperPartner particles that are unobserved by LHC.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1208.0059 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-11-08 13:21:59*

**Authors:** Yuri Danoyan

**Comments:** 8 Pages. Extended version

Assumptions of physics which need revision: 1)4Dspacetime continiuum. 2)Gravity as a fundamental interaction. 3) 3 fundamental dimensional constants (G, c, h).Alternatives have been proposed: 1. Splitting 3D discrete space from 1D continues time.2.Gravitation as a emergent effect of the Universe. 3.Only Planck constant as a fundamental dimensional and as a consequence only the Planck mass unit have sense.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1208.0051 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-06-14 22:02:09*

**Authors:** Kenneth Dalton

**Comments:** 4 Pages. Journal-Ref: Hadronic J, 39(1), 67 (2016)

Recently, transverse and longitudinal solutions were found for the W and Z bosons. They satisfy the nonlinear cubic wave equation. Here, new solutions are given which correspond to particles with mass m'_W = 114 GeV and m'_Z = 129 GeV. A neutral particle has been found at CERN near 129 GeV. It remains to be seen whether charged particles will be discovered at 114 GeV.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1208.0043 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-09 20:27:21*

**Authors:** E.Koorambas

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

The existence of dark matter is explained by a new stable neutral vector boson, C-boson, of mass (900GeV), predicted by the Wu mechanisms for mass generation of gauge field. According to the Standard Model (SM) W, Z-bosons normally get their masses through coupling with the SM Higgs particle of mass 125GeV. We compute the self-annihilation cross section of the vector gauge boson C-dark matter and calculate its relic abundance. We also study the constraints suggested by dark-matter direct-search experiments.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1208.0042 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-09 20:49:58*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

We demonstrate that Yang-Mills Magnetic Monopoles naturally confine their gauge fields, naturally contain three colored fermions in a color singlet, and that mesons also in color singlets are the only particles they are allowed to emit or absorb. This makes them worthy of serious consideration as baryons.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1208.0041 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-04-08 23:14:16*

**Authors:** Kenneth Dalton

**Comments:** 17 Pages. Journal-Ref: Hadronic J. 38(4), 429-445 (2015)

Scalar and vector fields are coupled in a gauge invariant manner, such as to form massive vector fields. In this, there is no condensate or vacuum expectation value. Transverse and longitudinal solutions are found for the W and Z bosons. They satisfy the nonlinear cubic wave equation. Total energy and momentum are calculated, and this determines the mass ratio m_W/m_Z.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1208.0029 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-10-30 20:33:20*

**Authors:** E.Koorambas

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

We investigate the possibility that a neutral non-regular lepton, of mass 1784 MeV, and a charged non-regular lepton, of mass 35 MeV exists in six-dimensional space-time. This proposition provides a global rotational symmetry between ordinary third family of leptons and proposed non-regular leptons. The electric charge swap between ordinary leptons produces heavy neutral non-regular leptons of mass 1784 MeV, which may form cold dark matter. The existence of these proposed leptons can be tested once the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) becomes operative at the 10 TeV energy-scale. This proposition may have far reaching applications in astrophysics and cosmology.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1208.0005 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-06-13 08:34:01*

**Authors:** Thomas B Kerwick

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

This paper serves to document discussions held in public forum [1] with Prof. Otto E Rössler, chaos theory expert and outsider academic on Large Hadron Collider (LHC) safety procurement. Whereas a recent paper [2] written by Prof. Otto E. Rössler on further implications to Einstein’s equivalence principle suggest that if MBH were created on Earth due to LHC experiments, a topic explored in the earlier work of Giddings & Mangano [3], that these would pose an existential risk to planet Earth though an exponential accretion processes, these discussions serve to countering such claims through hypotheses on stable TeV-scale MBH in such conditions.
Whereas G&M have already explored the existence of neutron stars and white dwarfs in their safety assurances on LHC experiments [3], these discussions focused on Sirius B as a simple case study - the white dwarf companion of our closely-proximate Sirius pair – and nearest white dwarf to Earth - with a casual overview on the rate of CR flux on the Sirius pair –and gravitational capture of the products of CR exposure on Sirius B.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1208.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-08-01 12:14:18*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

We point out a symmetry property of Yang-Mills magnetic monopoles which makes them plausible baryon candidates.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics