Authors: Kenneth Dalton
Scalar and vector fields are coupled in a gauge invariant manner, such as to form massive vector fields. In this, there is no condensate or vacuum expectation value. Transverse and longitudinal solutions are found for the W and Z bosons. They satisfy the nonlinear cubic wave equation. Total energy and momentum are calculated, and this determines the mass ratio m_W/m_Z.
Comments: 17 Pages. Journal-Ref: Hadronic J. 38(4), 429-445 (2015)
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