[4] **viXra:0909.0047 [pdf]**
*replaced on 8 Mar 2010*

**Authors:** Peter Jackson

**Comments:** 29 Pages. Plus Ref's. Inc. 5 Figures. Article 1. From a 53 page (ex. Figs.) paper.

Free action photo electron cloud build up to accelerated particles is considered, including
its relationship to quantum fields, E.M. wave propagation and particle non - conservation.
Related implications from cross discipline experiment and observation are reviewed and
analysed. Correlations between this, the standard model, field theory, cosmological shocks
and halos, dark matter and astrophysical anomalies are drawn and a new model is derived
and tested to explore its ability to remove anomalies and paradox. The conceptual model
utilises Einstein's postulates of Special Relativity, and constancy of 'c', and his opinion that
"We can't solve problems using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them."
also the conclusions of his 1952 paper[1] that inertial reference frames in space are actually
"an infinite number of spaces...in motion with respect to each other." The historic pathway to,
and assumptions following, the S.T.R. are reviewed against current data and an adjustment
derived. A quantum mechanism for Doppler shifting emerges via 'Discrete Fields' which
appears to allow Locality with the Reality Einstein sought from a Unified Field Theory.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:0909.0013 [pdf]**
*submitted on 3 Sep 2009*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 9 pages, This article appeared in Progress in Physics vol. 2 April (2006) 46-53

By recurring to Geometric Probability methods it is shown that the coupling constants,
α_{EM}, α_{W}, α_{C}, associated with the electromagnetic, weak and strong (color) force
are given by the ratios of measures of the sphere S^{2} and the Shilov boundaries
Q_{3} = S^{2} x RP^{1}, squashed S^{5}, respectively, with respect to the Wyler measure
Ω_{Wyler}[Q_{4}] of the Shilov boundary Q_{4} = S^{3} x RP^{1} of the poly-disc D_{4} (8 real dimensions).
The latter measure Ω_{Wyler}[Q_{4}] is linked to the geometric coupling strength
α_{G} associated to the gravitational force. In the conclusion we discuss briefly other
approaches to the determination of the physical constants, in particular, a program
based on the Mersenne primes p-adic hierarchy. The most important conclusion of
this work is the role played by higher dimensions in the determination of the coupling
constants from pure geometry and topology alone and which does not require to invoke
the anthropic principle.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:0909.0012 [pdf]**
*submitted on 3 Sep 2009*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 21 pages, This article appeared in Foundations of Physics vol 34, no. 7 ( 2004 ) 107.

A Clifford-algebraic interpretation is proposed of the charge, mass, spin relationship found recently by
Cooperstock and Faraoini which was based on the Kerr-Newman metric solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell
equations. The components of the polymomentum associated with a Clifford polyparticle in four dimensions
provide for such a charge, mass, spin relationship without the problems encountered in Kaluza-Klein compactifications
which furnish an unphysically large value for the electron charge. A physical reasoning behind
such charge, mass, spin relationship is provided, followed by a discussion on the geometrical derivation of
the fine structure constant by Wyler, Smith, Gonzalez-Martin and Smilga. To finalize, the renormalization
of electric charge is discussed and some remarks are made pertaining the modifications of the charge-scale
relationship, when the spin of the polyparticle changes with scale, that may cast some light into the alleged
Astrophysical variations of the fine structure constant.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:0909.0006 [pdf]**
*submitted on 1 Sep 2009*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 10 pages

Particles occupy mass levels and sublevels within two sequences that
descend in geometric progression from the Planck Mass. The common
ratios of the sequences are r_{1}=1/π and r_{2}=2/π. Sublevels are arranged in
subsequences of common ratio r^{1/p}, where p is a power of 2. Concise
graphical evidence is provided for the sequences. Atomic nuclei with
2≤A≤10, α-particle nuclei with A≤20, all nuclei of double magic number,
many ground state hadrons, the weak gauge bosons and the charged
leptons are shown to occupy mass levels and sublevels characterised by
small p. The mass levels and sublevels constitute a framework upon which
broken symmetries are displayed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics