[21] **viXra:1902.0494 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-28 12:08:14*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

In this paper, we show that the extremely-high energies of some cosmic-ray particles can be related to the strong increase of their gravitational masses when they have been generated.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[20] **viXra:1902.0489 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-03-02 07:58:35*

**Authors:** Zhi Cheng

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

This paper explores why the particle model based on virtual spacetime is consistent with the results of the quark model. The biggest problem with the quark model is why the quark has a fractional charge, but it cannot be detected. From the condition of the Dirac charge quantization, the fractional charge does not satisfy the charge quantization condition, so it is impossible to observe it in real spacetime. Otherwise we will be able to detect the magnetic monopole. However, quark's fractional charge constructs different baryon structures and is supported by strong experimental evidence. This shows that the quark's fractional charge is reasonable. At least there is strong indirect support. Therefore, any newly created particle model should at least have a quark model as a subset. It can be seen from the analysis of this paper that the virtual spacetime particle model contains the quark model and can predict the all predicted results of quark models. But the virtual spacetime particle model has a larger range and can predict new particles that the quark model cannot predict. By analyzing the meson model in the virtual spacetime particle model, we find that in addition to the currently discovered Higgs boson, there are two Higgs bosons with positive and negative charges in nature. The Bosons are positive and negative particles, and their energy range is at the range of 110~140GeV, which should be found on LHC and other colliders.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[19] **viXra:1902.0473 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-27 13:05:13*

**Authors:** S.A. Larin

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

It is shown that there is a possibility of violation of CPT symmetry
in the Standard Model which does not contradict to the famous CPT
theorem. To check this possibility experimentally it is necessary to
increase the precision of measurements of the proton and antiproton
mass difference by an order of magnitude.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[18] **viXra:1902.0422 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-24 08:26:20*

**Authors:** Soerivhe Iriene

**Comments:** 31 Pages.

In http://vixra.org/abs/1812.0412 it was proposed by Eason that the Axes hypotehesis that was proposed by the Dr Axes in 1953, extending the original gdeanken expiriment by Golholofornes in 1931, could lead to *hypertachyonic motion*. He proposed that this result could imply forward (directoed) motion in time. This conclusion was wrong, but the key idea was there. Herw we **correct** the result.

In the Eason paper hypertachyonic motion was contructed for an *n-dimensional* field with metric that was negatively curved with general torsion field terms. This geormtry was intersting but not real life of 4d FRLW space. The key was that the newly defined Stress-Energy tensor has had Kaehler-extended terms (in n-dimensions). We have know since Kaluza and Klein how to we may construct 4d gauge fields from hyperdimensional space (with hyperdimensional fields) by a process called "compactification". This same can be done, but obviously we will also see extra fields not seen in real. Here we present a novel idea that the oroginal paper did not present: that if the terms are first U-dalitied to an uplifted space, and we *manually* enforce a gauge condition: $\backslash int\; \backslash Lambda\_\backslash mu\; F^\backslash mu\; d\backslash z$ (where z is the uplift radial directioin) then a complete description of our real 4d world physics can be obtained. This condition is interprested as a condition that says that certain causal loops of physical process are integrated out (essentially, not allowed), so **we can terms-by-terms cancel the supefluous interactions and retrieve our real 4d world**. The restul is that we have a 4d space with modified masses (hypermasses) and light-like interactions of gravity and electyricy and magnetism; but **certain forward paths in the space-like regions of light cone are pemisible** (in the sense that the expectation value of space-like terms is *non-zero*).

For a long time it was not understood how closed time-like loops could be allowed by Gerneral Relativiity. In this paper is it showed how this condtition can be enforced naturally and the result is that **only forward directed loops are in fact possible**, but that general closed time-like violating causal loops are suppressed. **This is a major result of the theorem**. The implications of this result are far-reaching. For example, there are possible consquences for quantum computer since forward Bell relations are required to construct the entangled quibit states. Another consequence is for Grand Unified Theorys (GUT), since the model constructed seemingly unifies the mecahnism for gravity with that for electromagnetism, * the need for extended objects (string theory) or supersymmetrys (SUSY), which so far have null restult of all collider experiments, including, famously, at LHC. Let me repeat: this may possibly be a GUT theory without supersummetry, which so far has not be found even when minimal SUSY (so called MSSM) should have been see. The only logical conclustion of this paper is that indeed SUSY should not be found because it is not needed for a GUT: the LHC has found precisely the correct result. More work will be done to settle remaining open questions: chiral anomalies of the theory, horizon problem, inflation mechanism, the precise details of the GUT (along with testable predictions), off-shell virtual interactions and fadeev-popov ghost field renormalization, boundary flows at high-energy and gravity loop corrections, holographic correlations at strong coupling, consistency of Bell inequalities etc. These must all be checked for the theory to be declared correct, but it has expected that some at least may be confirmed if not all in the upcoming work.
*

Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[17] **viXra:1902.0411 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-24 16:54:07*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 3 Pages. First draft, abstract and plan of work only.

It was recently shown that, regardless of initial conditions, the long-run of multi-variable Renormalization Group flows is prone to end up on strange attractors. In this context, multifractals (MF) become suitable means for the characterization of effective field theories, in particular the Standard Model of particle physics (SM). It is known that typical MF’s are studied using concepts such as singularity spectrum and Rényi entropy. Exploiting the definition of canonical mass dimension, here we show that the separation of gauge and the Higgs bosons from fermions stems from the underlying geometry of the singularity spectrum. Our analysis supports the view that, near the electroweak scale, SM emerges as topological condensate of multifractal dimensions and that Dark Matter is a manifestation of Cantor Dust.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[16] **viXra:1902.0396 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-23 17:35:29*

**Authors:** Eddie Witten Jr

**Comments:** 69 Pages.

We study integrable deformations of convolutional neural networks. We obtain the non-perturbative S-matrix of QCD and prove the Riemann hypothesis.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[15] **viXra:1902.0384 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-22 08:54:42*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 63 Pages.

Researchers at LMU have built the first-ever laser-driven particle accelerator that can generate pairs of electron beams with different energies. [43]
These measurements provide a rich source of information on the QCD processes that bind heavy quarks into hadrons. For more information about the results visit the CMS webpage. [42]
Experiments in astrophysics and nuclear and particle physics are crucial to analyse how the universe works. [41]

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[14] **viXra:1902.0368 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-21 10:48:17*

**Authors:** Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis

**Comments:** 3 pages

In contemporary physics, it is assumed that the decay of neutrons is a proof of electron neutrino existence. The article has shown that in this case a mass defect of a proton may have a different cause, i.e., a negative mass of a positron. The hypothesis of an electron neutrino is not necessary.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[13] **viXra:1902.0318 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-19 19:10:16*

**Authors:** Zhi Cheng

**Comments:** 8 Pages. 1 Figure

This book introduces the theory of virtual spacetime physics. Starting from the establishment of Maxwell equations based on virtual spacetime, the new Maxwell equations are solved step by step. And obtained a series of new and meaningful results. These results are consistent with the existing theories of quantum mechanics, quantum field theory and general relativity. Although the virtual spacetime is added, the whole theory becomes more concise. Some phenomena and problems that cannot be explained by old theories can be easily solved, and the physical picture is clearer. And just like the introduction of imaginary Numbers in mathematics, it can make some of the seemingly complicated problems in elementary mathematics very simple. The reader only needs to have the elementary knowledge of general university higher mathematics to be able to read this book, then deeply understands the current physics development the most cutting edge knowledge.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1902.0275 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-15 08:29:39*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 62 Pages.

These measurements provide a rich source of information on the QCD processes that bind heavy quarks into hadrons. For more information about the results visit the CMS webpage. [42]
Experiments in astrophysics and nuclear and particle physics are crucial to analyse how the universe works. [41]
A team of researchers at the University of Chicago has developed a circuit platform for the exploration of quantum matter made of strongly interacting microwave photons. [40]

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1902.0266 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-03-02 05:36:21*

**Authors:** Michael Tzoumpas

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

The electrically charged particles cause electrical induction of positive and negative units in the dynamic space, with result inverse electric fields are created. So, the nuclear force is interpreted as an electric force, 100 times stronger than the maximum electric force of the outer electric field that extends beyond the potential barrier. Moreover, the braking radiation emitted from rapidly moving electrons as they are passing close to the nucleus is confirmed.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1902.0241 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-13 22:21:49*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Ethan Siegel (Forbes 12 Feb 2019) says "... Supersymmetry may be the Greatest Failed Prediction in Particle Physics History ...". Peter Woit (10 Feb 2019 blog post and comments thereon) says "... I [Woit] don't have a well-motivated BSM [Beyond Standard Model] ... Neither does anyone else ...". What Siegel and Woit say is the Consensus View of Physicists and their Collaborations and Institutions. It is also WRONG! There exists a Natural, Beautiful Supersymmetric Physics Model that is Realistic = Consistent with Experimental Resuits and Observations. Why do Siegel, Woit, and the Consensus ignore it ? It is only published on my web site http://www.valdostamuseum.com/hamsmith/ and the viXra archive http://vixra.org/author/frank_dodd_tony_smith_jr because Consensus Physics has Blacklisted me. How does it work ? At Planck Energies it is an Octonionic model based on the Real Clifford Algebra Cl(16) with 8-dimensional Spacetime and 28 Spin(8) Gauge Bosons and 28 Ghosts and 8 Fundamental Fermion Particles and 8 Antiparticles (one generation). In the Octonionic Lagrangian each of the 28 Gauge bosons and 28 Ghosts carry 1 dimension and each of the 8+8 Fermions carry 7/2 dimensions so the 28+28 = 56 Bosonic terms are SUperSYmmetric with the (8+8) x 7/2 = 56 Fermionic terms.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1902.0211 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-12 07:36:30*

**Authors:** Harald Iglseder

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Abstract: In this article I want to describe a model for the inner structure of a proton, that is an alternative to the quark-model and yet consistent with it. Furthermore, this model explains the nature of matter in a very simple way and gives an answer to the question, why the amount of matter and antimatter is not the same within the universe.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1902.0166 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-10 04:43:55*

**Authors:** Imrich Krištof

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

This presented tech–science paper is focused on main themes of evolution and history of research of neutrinos – elusive elementary particles. The highlights is dedicated to the scheme of born and reborn and cascade decay hierarchic high energy particles, called hyperons (lambda, sigma, xi, epsilon, omega) and main position particles called mezons (mion, pion, kaon, rhó meson, éta meson, phí meson, omega meson, J/Ψ (J-Psí meson), h_{1} meson, a_{0}-meson f_{1}, f_{2} meson). This Sun or starshowers fall in energetic clusters and clouds on each cm^{-2}, of Earth’s surface (φ average flux of neutrinos 10 billions neutrinos on cm^{2}/sec. (10^{10} cm^{-2}.s^{-1}) for E_{ν} > 7 MeV ->~ 10^{6} cm^{-2}.s^{-1}). Cross section of neutrinos is very small σ_{νN} = 10^{-42} m^{2} – 10^{-48} m^{2} = 10^{-19} barn, 1 barn is an unit of cross section. In the Ending part of starshowers the photons, phonons and electron, mion, and tauon are detected in photomultipliers and scintillators, like a Cherenkov radiation – hyperrelativistic electrons, photons and mions and tauons, visually Fig. 4 Neutrino Detector SUDBURY(SNO) Canada. The main part of paper is focused on NEUTRINO FLAVOR AND MASS. According Pauli and Fermi–Dirac and Bose–Einstein Statistical Laws each particle is conjugated with its own antiparticles: electron (e^{-}) and positron (e^{+}), electron neutrino and electron antineutrino, quark beauty / bottom and antiquark beauty / bottom. In the text is not forget the facts about 11 NOVEMBER 1974 – particles J/Ψ REVOLUTION MESONS J/Ψ consist of beauty quark and beauty antiquark. The Pioneer work of Clyde L. Cowan, Jr. and Frederick Reines in Hanford and Savannah River Plant lead to fundamental discovery and detection of neutrinos. On Fig. 7 is described Cowan–Reines Neutrino Experiment. In the End of this text is situation of Neutrinos and The Standard Model of particles. The goal of this work is clarified the evolution and theoretical background of elementary particles – neutrinos.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1902.0122 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-07 13:02:02*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 62 Pages.

Experiments in astrophysics and nuclear and particle physics are crucial to analyse how the universe works. [41]
A team of researchers at the University of Chicago has developed a circuit platform for the exploration of quantum matter made of strongly interacting microwave photons. [40]
Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39]
Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1902.0112 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-07 04:02:45*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 42 Pages.

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have extended an existing mathematical model so that it can be used to more accurately predict the products of fission reactions. [30]
The nuclear force that holds protons and neutrons together in the center of atoms has a non-central component—the tensor force, which depends on the spin and relative position of the interacting particles. [29]
Physicists at the TU Darmstadt and their collaboration partners have performed laser spectroscopy on cadmium isotopes to confirm an improved model of the atomic nucleus. [28]
Protons in neutron-rich nuclei have a higher average energy than previously thought, according to a new analysis of electron scattering data that was first collected in 2004. [27]

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1902.0095 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-05 21:53:54*

**Authors:** Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay

**Comments:** 89 Pages.

The aim of this work is, first, to set the basis for a formal model of science, then, it is to show that the laws of physics are its theorems. Necessarily, all formal theories that are the product of science are theorems of our model. As this includes physics, our model is, therefore, its logical foundation.
In the first part of the paper we present and investigate a number of desiderata regarding the formal practice of science including definitions and properties previously anticipated in the literature. Then, we present a formal model of science meeting these criteria.
We define the domain of the theory of everything in physics as the set of all statements decidable by the practice of science in nature. For each named concept of the previous sentence (theory, physics, statement, decidable, practice of science and nature), we produce a suitable mathematical definition. The central thesis of this work is to show that the laws of physics are a theorem of these definitions; ergo, the laws of physics are formal theorems of science. With this definition, the difficulty of producing a sound axiomatic basis for the domain is reduced to formalizing the practice of science within mathematics and the laws of physics are simply theorems provable in it.
Main result: The ideal practice of science consists of constructing a message (in the sense of Shannon's theory of information) of experiments (the elements of the message) constrained by the requirement that its elements are verifiable (provable) within some set of logical resources (the statistical priors of the message). In this context, we define the priors as Nature and we qualify the message as scientific. Nature is thus a general proof checker for experiments, and the World is understood by constructing a maximally informative scientific message.
Central thesis: We show that the equation of state regarding the construction of a scientific message bounds nature (the priors) to a cosmology entirely emergent from the entropy of the scientific message. We argue that our model is an axiomatic realization of the (later) participatory universe envisioned by John Archibald Wheeler (the aphorism "it from bit"), in which the "it" and its properties are formally derived from the "bit" which we define as (and only as) the information obtained by practice of science.
This derivation of the laws of physics is based only on the practice of science in nature and is thus scientifically irrefutable.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1902.0063 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-04 11:10:36*

**Authors:** Ervin Goldfain

**Comments:** 3 Pages. First draft, abstract and plan of work only.

A key premise of perturbative Renormalization Group (PRG) equations is that all flows connecting the ultraviolet (UV) and the infrared (IR) sectors of field theory are free from long-range spatial or memory effects. Here we explore a non-equilibrium setting where long-range coupling between consecutive flow states is enabled through the use of fractional operators. We tentatively find that this approach a) opens the door for a non-perturbative removal of the Landau pole, b) provides unforeseen insights into the g-2 and flavor anomalies of the Standard Model (SM), c) hints that the conventional tools of PRG and effective field theory are unable to fully uncover phenomena lying beyond the SM scale.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1902.0060 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-04 13:29:23*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Here, applying the theory of stars to the Einstein-spacetime condensates which are responsible for the weak interactions, from the experimental masses of the three constituents of atoms, we calculated the nuclear weak coupling constant with high accuracy: 0.68584.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1902.0043 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-05 10:24:11*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Here, within the non-perturbative Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST), we derived the Paschos-Wolfenstein (PW) relationship. The derivation shows the true origin of the experimental Weinberg angle. We also showed that the PW ratio leads to the CP-violation sector in the PMNS matrix.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1902.0004 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-01 11:18:24*

**Authors:** Deep Jyoti Dutta

**Comments:** 1 Page.

A new formula is proposed to approximate the mass of a charged pion and phi meson. We only
obtained an approximate relation to compute the mass in MeV measuring scale.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics