Quantum Physics

Previous months:
2007 - 0702(8) - 0703(11) - 0705(1) - 0708(1) - 0711(1)
2008 - 0802(1) - 0804(6) - 0807(1) - 0812(1)
2009 - 0903(1) - 0907(10) - 0908(9) - 0909(4) - 0910(6) - 0911(4) - 0912(4)
2010 - 1001(5) - 1002(3) - 1003(29) - 1004(9) - 1005(7) - 1006(5) - 1007(5) - 1008(4) - 1009(3) - 1011(1) - 1012(1)
2011 - 1101(5) - 1102(3) - 1103(6) - 1104(7) - 1105(3) - 1106(8) - 1107(9) - 1108(7) - 1109(12) - 1110(10) - 1111(11) - 1112(9)
2012 - 1201(1) - 1202(3) - 1203(11) - 1204(5) - 1205(8) - 1206(6) - 1207(4) - 1208(9) - 1209(8) - 1210(10) - 1211(12) - 1212(7)
2013 - 1301(16) - 1302(10) - 1303(6) - 1304(8) - 1305(16) - 1306(19) - 1307(16) - 1308(10) - 1309(14) - 1310(2) - 1311(11) - 1312(25)
2014 - 1401(9) - 1402(7) - 1403(19) - 1404(14) - 1405(13) - 1406(20) - 1407(22) - 1408(17) - 1409(18) - 1410(15) - 1411(22) - 1412(15)
2015 - 1501(8) - 1502(18) - 1503(18) - 1504(14) - 1505(27) - 1506(26) - 1507(27) - 1508(31) - 1509(26) - 1510(28) - 1511(30) - 1512(32)
2016 - 1601(23) - 1602(24) - 1603(42) - 1604(53) - 1605(34) - 1606(40) - 1607(50) - 1608(28) - 1609(46) - 1610(53) - 1611(79) - 1612(45)
2017 - 1701(35) - 1702(40) - 1703(50) - 1704(61) - 1705(64) - 1706(57) - 1707(72) - 1708(60) - 1709(60) - 1710(31) - 1711(20) - 1712(53)
2018 - 1801(56) - 1802(67) - 1803(94) - 1804(96) - 1805(68) - 1806(83) - 1807(77) - 1808(63) - 1809(75) - 1810(69) - 1811(86) - 1812(74)
2019 - 1901(65) - 1902(83) - 1903(59)

Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[3155] viXra:1903.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 10:58:05

Laser-Induced Electron Avalanche

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

By using an infrared laser beam to induce a phenomenon known as an electron avalanche breakdown near the material, the new technique is able to detect shielded material from a distance. [38] The light scattered by plasmonic nanoparticles is useful, but some of it gets lost at the surface and scientists are now starting to figure out why. [37] In a new review, researchers have described the fundamental physics that causes magnetoelectricity from a theoretical viewpoint. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3154] viXra:1903.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 11:40:10

Taming the Light Screw

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

DESY and MPSD scientists have created high-order harmonics from solids with controlled polarization states, taking advantage of both crystal symmetry and attosecond electronic dynamics. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3153] viXra:1903.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 10:28:41

Schrodinger’s Cat is Neither Alive Nor Dead

Authors: Sunil Thakur
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper, we have analyzed a movie recorded by a team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to show that the quantum states are real, but not physical. We have then analyzed some natural phenomena to show that this observation applies to all the physical entities. Physical form is only a manifestation of a non-physical entity that has its own unique set of potential properties that it can manifest in physical form. The manifestation of the physical entities is observer dependent. An act of observation manifests a physical entity; it does not create it. We have also shown that we live in a non-physical world in which all the phenomena are mere manifestations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3152] viXra:1903.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 11:37:13

Light Behaves like Magnet

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3151] viXra:1903.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 18:36:43

Source-Free Classical Electromagnetism, the Free-Photon Schroedinger Equation, and the Unphysical Conjugate-Pair Solutions of the Klein-Gordon and Dirac Equations

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 4 Pages.

This tutorial begins with the relationship of source-free classical electromagnetism to ultra-relativistic free-photon quantum mechanics. The linear transformation of the source-free classical-electromagnetic real-valued transverse vector potential to its corresponding free-photon Schroedinger-equation complex-valued transverse vector wave function is obtained. It is then pointed out that despite the free-photon Klein-Gordon equation's being formally identical to the source-free classical-electromagnetic vector-potential wave equation, it yields not only free-photon Schroedinger-equation wave functions but also their complex conjugates, which don't satisfy the free-photon Schroedinger equation. This is a consequence of admitting complex-valued solutions of the Klein-Gordon equation -- of course only its real-valued solutions apply to the classical vector potential. It is pointed out that solutions of the free-particle Dirac equation likewise occur in conjugate pairs, and that its Hamiltonian operator implies a variety of unphysical consequences, e.g., any Dirac free particle's speed is that of light times the square root of three.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3150] viXra:1903.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 11:34:35

ATLAS Light Scattering off Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Light-by-light scattering is a very rare phenomenon in which two photons interact, producing another pair of photons. [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3149] viXra:1903.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 12:37:42

Pressure-Induced Superconducting

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

Researchers at Northeast Normal University, in China, and University of the Basque Country, in Spain, have recently carried out a study investigating the superconducting transition of electrides. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3148] viXra:1903.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 14:13:55

Spiraling Crystal Exotic Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

The realization of so-called topological materials-which exhibit exotic, defect-resistant properties and are expected to have applications in electronics, optics, quantum computing, and other fields-has opened up a new realm in materials discovery. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23] A new technique developed by MIT researchers reveals the inner details of photonic crystals, synthetic materials whose exotic optical properties are the subject of widespread research. [22] In experiments at SLAC, intense laser light (red) shining through a magnesium oxide crystal excited the outermost "valence" electrons of oxygen atoms deep inside it. [21] LCLS works like an extraordinary strobe light: Its ultrabright X-rays take snapshots of materials with atomic resolution and capture motions as fast as a few femtoseconds, or millionths of a billionth of a second. For comparison, one femtosecond is to a second what seven minutes is to the age of the universe. [20] A 'nonlinear' effect that seemingly turns materials transparent is seen for the first time in X-rays at SLAC's LCLS. [19] Leiden physicists have manipulated light with large artificial atoms, so-called quantum dots. Before, this has only been accomplished with actual atoms. It is an important step toward light-based quantum technology. [18] In a tiny quantum prison, electrons behave quite differently as compared to their counterparts in free space. They can only occupy discrete energy levels, much like the electrons in an atom-for this reason, such electron prisons are often called "artificial atoms". [17] When two atoms are placed in a small chamber enclosed by mirrors, they can simultaneously absorb a single photon. [16] Optical quantum technologies are based on the interactions of atoms and photons at the single-particle level, and so require sources of single photons that are highly indistinguishable-that is, as identical as possible. Current single-photon sources using semiconductor quantum dots inserted into photonic structures produce photons that are ultrabright but have limited indistinguishability due to charge noise, which results in a fluctuating electric field. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3147] viXra:1903.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 15:26:57

Refutation of CHSH and a Dual Reality Conjecture

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

The equation for the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt [CHSH] inequality is refuted. Hence a dual reality conjecture for experimental (confirmation or) rejection of observer-independence in the quantum world becomes moot. Therefore the CHSH inequality is a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3146] viXra:1903.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 08:00:24

Objects Levitating with Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Researchers at Caltech have designed a way to levitate and propel objects using only light, by creating specific nanoscale patterning on the objects' surfaces. [31] Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that could pave the way for the next generation of optical tweezers. [30] To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3145] viXra:1903.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 09:18:31

Quantum Tunneling Speed Test

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 98 Pages.

Measurements at the attosecond scale not only add an extra dimension for the future quantum technologies but also can fundamentally help in understanding the elephant of the quantum room: what is time? [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3144] viXra:1903.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 09:42:59

Find Leakage in Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

A new computer program that spots when information in a quantum computer is escaping to unwanted states will give users of this promising technology the ability to check its reliability without any technical knowledge for the first time. [42] With enhanced understanding of this system, the Quantum Dynamics Unit aims to improve upon the industry standard for qubits-bits of quantum information. [41] Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Engineering and Applied Science have now demonstrated a new hardware platform based on isolated electron spins in a two-dimensional material. [40] Advances in this fast-paced domain could improve devices for data storage and information processing and aid in the development of molecular switches, among other innovations. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3143] viXra:1903.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 11:12:28

Pilot Waves Theory and Quantum Reality.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 10 Pages. PILOT WAVES AND NOT MATTER WAVES OF DE BROGGLIE .

THE DANCING GRAVITOETHERTON SUPERFLUID.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3142] viXra:1903.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 06:16:05

Entangled State Represented by Pendulum Oscillations

Authors: Masataka Ohta
Comments: 1 Page.

Just as a binary quantum state can be represented by oscillations of a pendulum, quantum states involving multiple particles with binary states, including entangled ones, can be represented by oscillations of exponentially many pendulums.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3141] viXra:1903.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 08:56:23

Organic Two-Level Quantum System

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Researchers at Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light and Friedrich Alexander University in Erlangen, Germany have recently demonstrated that a molecule can be turned into a coherent two-level quantum system. [24] Researchers at the University of Dundee have provided important new insights into the regulation of cell division, which may ultimately lead to a better understanding of cancer progression. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3140] viXra:1903.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 08:36:18

Gas Transition Between Quantum and Classical States

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A team of researchers from the MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms has developed a way to study and measure gases as they transition between quantum and classical states due to changes in temperature. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3139] viXra:1903.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 09:00:10

Quantum Sensing Minuscule Magnetic Fields

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A new way of measuring atomic-scale magnetic fields with great precision, not only up and down but sideways as well, has been developed by researchers at MIT. [29] A team of researchers from the MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms has developed a way to study and measure gases as they transition between quantum and classical states due to changes in temperature. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3138] viXra:1903.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 11:15:56

Quantum Information Long-Distance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

At the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, researchers have realized the swap of electron spins between distant quantum dots. [27] A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3137] viXra:1903.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-16 04:37:24

Quantum Dot Semiconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Tiny, easy-to-produce particles, called quantum dots, may soon take the place of more expensive single crystal semiconductors in advanced electronics found in solar panels, camera sensors and medical imaging tools. [30] North Carolina State University researchers have developed a microfluidic system for synthesizing perovskite quantum dots across the entire spectrum of visible light. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3136] viXra:1903.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 08:14:59

Space-Time Symmetry Testing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

It may, however, be possible that—according to theoretical models of quantum gravitation—this uniformity of space-time does not apply to particles. [28] Additionally, the scientists observed the quantum-critical scattering rate characteristic of the Dirac fluid. [27] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology teamed up with colleagues from the U.S. and Switzerland and returned the state of a quantum computer a fraction of a second into the past. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3135] viXra:1903.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 10:42:32

Next Generation Optical Tweezers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that could pave the way for the next generation of optical tweezers. [30] To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3134] viXra:1903.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 05:19:30

Recovering Scattered Data with SMART

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

High-capacity optical communication can be accomplished by multiplexing multiple light-carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) channels. [31] Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that could pave the way for the next generation of optical tweezers. [30] To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3133] viXra:1903.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 08:38:37

Quantum Computer Reverse Time

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology teamed up with colleagues from the U.S. and Switzerland and returned the state of a quantum computer a fraction of a second into the past. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3132] viXra:1903.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 11:00:31

Quantum-Critical Conductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Additionally, the scientists observed the quantum-critical scattering rate characteristic of the Dirac fluid. [27] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology teamed up with colleagues from the U.S. and Switzerland and returned the state of a quantum computer a fraction of a second into the past. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3131] viXra:1903.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 08:14:11

Extremely Weak Magnetic Signals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Physicists at Saarland University have developed magnetic field sensors that are breaking sensitivity records and opening up a whole range of potential new applications, from non-contact measurements of the electrical activity in the human heart or brain to detecting ore deposits or archaeological remains deep underground. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3130] viXra:1903.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 16:43:54

Bjerknes Brachistochrone Photon V2

Authors: David E. Fuller, Dahl Winters
Comments: 8 Pages.

Ideal Fluid Solution Merging Quantum Physics & Classical Physics Planck Momentum is a Catenary
Category: Quantum Physics

[3129] viXra:1903.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 09:10:42

Quantum Measurement Cooling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3128] viXra:1903.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 09:49:04

Quantum Information Scrambling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3127] viXra:1903.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 11:36:50

Plasmonic Switching and Encoding

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40] A novel quantum effect observed in a carbon nanotube film could lead to the development of unique lasers and other optoelectronic devices, according to scientists at Rice University and Tokyo Metropolitan University. [39] This "piezomagnetic" material changes its magnetic properties when put under mechanical strain. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3126] viXra:1903.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 17:09:54

The Hilbert Book Model Project Survey

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 44 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

This survey treats the Hilbert Book Model Project. The project concerns a well-founded, purely mathematical model of physical reality. The project relies on the conviction that physical reality owns its own kind of mathematics and that this mathematics guides and restricts the extension of the foundation to more complicated levels of the structure and the behavior of physical reality. This results in a model that more and more resembles the physical reality that humans can observe.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3125] viXra:1903.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 10:28:22

A means to make an Extremely Bright Entangled Source

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper discusses a means of making an extremely bright path entangled source. An initial laser source is preferred but any source of light: LED, sub-critical laser, coherent or thermal can be used. The light is dimmed by a beam expander until the relative number of |1> or |2> photons increases compared to higher photon states. The expanded beam is then passed through a 1:1 beamsplitter to generate path entanglement on the |1> and |2> photons. A further stage of “purification” can remove the non-entangled higher states by passing the output beams from the beamsplitter through one another, such that the correlated entangled photon electrical fields cancel in some region. In the said region, the uncorrelated non-entangled fields can be Faraday rotated and then absorbed by a polariser. The entangled photons pass through the region without rotation and attenuation. The output from the device then has copious quantities of 1 and 2 photon path entangled suitable for use in telecommunications engineering, secure transmission of data and quantum metrology. The wide beams can be beam-contracted to a thin bright beam and will keep the path entanglement of individual photons, as photons are bosons and so don’t interact, furthermore, all operations are unitary and linear, as by Maxwell’s equations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3124] viXra:1903.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 19:46:51

Unit at the Planck Units Curiosities About Alpha and the Charge French

Authors: Francis MALEVAL
Comments: 2 Pages.

The Planck units are defined from fundamental physical constants. Ontologically we notice that the fine-structure constant, intrinsic to the charge, generates on space-time the interlacing of the dimensioned constants ml, h, G, iterated in geometric progression of reason c, the speed of light. As alpha is also “the ratio of the velocity of the electron in the first circular orbit of the relativistic Bohr atom to the speed of light in the vacuum" (Wiki), we have here one-all. Finally, two curiosities about α and e- are presented.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3123] viXra:1903.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-09 18:54:34

Statement of Quantum Indeterminacy

Authors: Steve Faulkner
Comments: 2 Pages.

This article is a concise statement of the machinery of quantum indeterminacy — in response to the question: What is indeterminacy; is it something that can be written down?
br>Keywords
foundations of quantum theory, quantum randomness, quantum indeterminacy, logical independence, self-reference, logical circularity, mathematical undecidability, Kurt Gödel.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3122] viXra:1903.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 06:34:37

Uncertainty and the Zitterbewegung Interpretation of an Electron

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 9 Pages.

This paper explores how the Zitterbewegung interpretation and the Uncertainty Principle might mesh. It also further details our geometric interpretation of the de Broglie wavelength.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3121] viXra:1903.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-08 08:21:30

Quantum Radio Listening

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Researchers at Delft University of Technology have created a quantum circuit to listen to the weakest radio signal allowed by quantum mechanics. [32] A trio of researchers at Columbia University has found more evidence showing that sound waves carry mass. [31] The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field-virtual photons that pop in and out of existence-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29] Engineers at MIT and Penn State University have found that under the right conditions, ordinary clear water droplets on a transparent surface can produce brilliant colors, without the addition of inks or dyes. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3120] viXra:1903.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-08 09:54:20

Light in Optical Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have fabricated a multiplexer/demultiplexer module based on a property of light that was not being exploited in communications systems: the optical vortex. [35] Optical chips are still some way behind electronic chips, but we're already seeing the results and this research could lead to a complete revolution in computer power. [34] Electronics could work faster if they could read and write data at terahertz frequency, rather than at a few gigahertz. [33] A team of researchers led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated a new method for splitting light beams into their frequency modes. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3119] viXra:1903.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-08 21:17:07

A New Neutrino Mass Hypothesis

Authors: Jonathan Deutsch
Comments: 4 Pages.

ABSTRACT We start by realizing that Newton’s classical gravitational constant, G, and the quantum gravitational-structure constant (using h instead of h-bar for accuracy) must be made equivalent. Doing this assigns specific numerical values for the units: gram (gm), centimeter (cm) and second (sec) - - something physics considers absolutely impossible to do! We hypothesize 1 neutrino to be exactly 1 gm X 1 cm/1 sec - - a momentum - - which amounts to approximately 10-10 sec - - a reasonable quantum time interval. The neutrino is thus hypothesized to be A PARTICLE OF TIME! Time is physical. We hypothesize the neutrino mass to be 1 gm X 1 cm/time (sec)/the same amount of time (sec) - - specifically, exactly gmcm/sec2 - - a force (in enormous numbers) - - =(cm/sec2)gm - - a mass! This turns out to be approximately 10-34 gm. That is a very testable result, at least in approximation. Initial estimates are very favorable to our hypothesis, but delicate, precise experiments currently underway and/or future experiments will either confirm or disprove our hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3118] viXra:1903.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-07 19:58:41

An Electrino and Positrino Based Narrative and Model of Nature

Authors: J Mark Morris
Comments: 1 Page.

The electrino ε- and positrino ε+ are the basis of all matter, the carriers of all energy, and form the ε* plasma and ε8 gas which permeate space. Neither GR nor QM include ε-, ε+, ε* or ε8. A new narrative emerges that requires recasting and reframing of experimental results and theory from physics, cosmology, and astronomy.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3117] viXra:1903.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 08:02:30

Sound Waves Carrying Mass

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

A trio of researchers at Columbia University has found more evidence showing that sound waves carry mass. [31] The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field—virtual photons that pop in and out of existence—-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3116] viXra:1903.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 09:39:49

Optomechanical Kerker Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

For the Kerker effect to occur, particles need to have electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the same strength. [33] Technion-Israel institute of Technology researchers have succeeded in generating minute "nano-hedgehogs of light" called optical skyrmions, which could make possible revolutionary advances in information processing, transfer and storage. [32] Unique physical properties of these "magic knots" might help to satisfy demand for IT power and storage using a fraction of the energy. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3115] viXra:1903.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 04:04:39

Random Anti-Laser

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

The so-called random lasers make use of this multiple scattering. Such exotic lasers have a complicated, random internal structure and radiate a very specific, individual light pattern when supplied with energy." [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3114] viXra:1903.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 04:22:00

Highest Quantum Volume to Date

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

IBM has announced at this year's American Physical Society meeting that its System Q One quantum computer has reached its "highest quantum volume to date"—a measure that the computer has doubled in performance in each of the past two years, the company reports. [34] Magnetic materials have a worldwide market share of some $50 billion per year. A new frontier in the study of these materials, femtomagnetism, could lead to ultrafast magnetic storage devices that would transform information processing technologies with storage devices several orders of magnitude faster. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3113] viXra:1903.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-04 07:56:20

Light Enhance Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

Under normal electron band theory, Mott insulators ought to conduct electricity, but they do not due to interactions among their electrons. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits—circuits that have zero electrical resistance—can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3112] viXra:1903.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-04 10:02:13

High-Speed Images Formation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3111] viXra:1903.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 01:52:54

One-Third of the Electric Charge

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

"There's a process in strongly interacting physics where fundamental particles, like electrons, can come together and behave as if they were a fraction of an electron," said Davis, a graduate student in Foster's research group. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3110] viXra:1903.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 03:40:06

Tuning Quantum Forces Repulsive

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field—virtual photons that pop in and out of existence—-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3109] viXra:1903.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 04:01:01

Magnetic Monopole in the Act

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Such devices would use magnetic films and superconducting thin films to deploy and manipulate magnetic monopoles to sort and store data based on the north or south direction of their poles—analogous to the ones and zeros in conventional magnetic storage devices. [31] The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field—virtual photons that pop in and out of existence—-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3108] viXra:1903.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-05 04:51:06

Magnetic Quantum Storage

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Magnetic materials have a worldwide market share of some $50 billion per year. A new frontier in the study of these materials, femtomagnetism, could lead to ultrafast magnetic storage devices that would transform information processing technologies with storage devices several orders of magnitude faster. [33] Devices based on magnonic currents—quasi-particles associated with waves of magnetization, or spin waves , in certain HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/magnetic+materials/" magnetic materials —would transform the industry, though scientists need to better understand how to control them. [32]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3107] viXra:1903.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-03 17:21:09

The Biggest Fraud Ever

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

When you act as if an unrealistic physics theory is realistic and when you use or demonstrate it for educational or research purposes, then you are a fraud.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3106] viXra:1903.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-02 11:18:15

The Quantum 3-Plane

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

We define the quantum 3-plane and the quantum group Gl_q(3) as the group of automorphisms of it.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3105] viXra:1903.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-02 13:04:30

Bjerknes Brachistochrone Photon

Authors: David E. Fuller, Dahl Winters
Comments: 4 Pages. Unification of Phsycs

Ideal Fluid Solution Merging Quantum Physics & Classical Physics
Category: Quantum Physics

[3104] viXra:1903.0029 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-02 19:54:02

Veritic Quantum Mechanics Theory(now Proven)

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 27 Pages.

To understand this paper, you first have to understand Veritic-Broglie Quantum mechanics theory. This postulates an explanation for quantum mechanics. It postulates that there exists Zero-point Planck singularities created by extra-dimensional mass, itself made of it's own essentient units and "trimmed" by the boiling of quantum foam, or super-fluid space at the quantum levels where it behaves very similarly to a boiling liquid or a lava lamp. These singularities, extending into extra-dimensional null-space. However, the vibration of the hyper-fluid means that when these singularities blip out of existence, they create a "Drop" of this base ether that bounces on the hyper-fluid as the fluid vibrates based on quantum vibrational theory, yanked up and down by an infinitely hyper-extending super-string. What's more fascinating as that it releases a wave with each bounce. This wave, if the drop bounces on the edge of the wave itself, carries the droplet, and the nature of these pilot waves causes the drops to configure themselves. These drops, are particles, and this theory would explain it's particle-wave nature and also marry quantum mechanics and some aspects of the general mechanics. But this theory, although mathematically heavy, has never had real proof or traction. Only tests yielding results very open to speculation. Yes, tests yielding results, but nothing really solid. Nothing that makes the theory worth accepting. Until now, that is. However, new research at SIAII as been looking into this. And get this; The concept has been proven. Not only that, but the true nature of these veritic particles has been journalized in this paper, and actively being researched. It has revealed some startling and fascinating truths about how particles actually work. You can learn more about this research, the data, how/why it supports this theory, and the theory itself, in the report.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3103] viXra:1903.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 05:47:09

Integrated Silicon Photonic Switch

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Experimental photonic switches tested by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, U.S.A., show promise toward the goal of fully optical, high-capacity switching for future high-speed data transmission networks. [41] Their research involved exploring how to exploit multicore fiber-optic technology that is expected to be used in future transmission networks. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3102] viXra:1903.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-02 04:48:45

Local Realism Quantum Mechanics Can Be Established: A Book Review of Quantum Mechanics’ Return to Local Realism

Authors: Runsheng Ru
Comments: Pages. The successful establishment of quantum mechanics in local realism is a very important scientific event. Therefore, this article has great news value and academic value.

The concept of wave function is widely used in existing quantum mechanics. However, the nature of the wave function is unanswerable. Many people are dissatisfied with the quantum mechanics of non-local realism and want to establish the quantum mechanics of local realism. But they did not break through the bottleneck. The model of "real wave curling inside the particle" determines that the wave function is the motion equation of localized real wave.The wave mechanics based on such wave functions is quantum mechanics of localized realism. The mathematical formal system of local realism quantum mechanics is the same as the existing one. Explanation of double slit diffraction can be experiment by directional quantization. The explanation system of local realism quantum mechanics is established, and it is guaranteed that this system can also be organically combined with the existing mathematical formal systems of quantum mechanics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3101] viXra:1903.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 03:57:05

Supersymmetric Laser Array

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

A team of University of Central Florida researchers has overcome a long-standing problem in laser science, and the findings could have applications in surgery, drilling and 3-D laser mapping. [30] Supersymmetry predicts that two basic classes of fundamental particles, fermions and bosons, accompany each other in the same representation. [29] A fraction of a second after the Big Bang, a single unified force may have shattered. Scientists from the CDF and DZero Collaborations used data from the Fermilab Tevatron Collider to re-create the early universe conditions. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3100] viXra:1903.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 04:40:09

Practical Photonic Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

"This work adds confidence that a quantum computer based on photons may be a practical route forward." [47] The research group of Jonathan Home, professor at the Institute for Quantum Electronics at ETH Zurich, has now realised such a qubit encoded in an oscillator. [46] "It's known that as the temperature lowers, the superconductivity is enhanced," Chen said. "The fact that much more supercurrent flowed at even lower temperatures for our device was evidence that it is flowing around these protective surfaces." [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3099] viXra:1903.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 04:47:37

The Electron as a Harmonic Quantum-Mechanical Oscillator

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 12 Pages.

The particular flavor of the Zitterbewegung interpretation that we have developed in previous paper assumes the electron mass is the equivalent energy of a harmonic oscillation in a plane. We developed the metaphor of a perpetuum mobile driven by two springs that work in tandemin a 90-degree angle and with the same phase difference. This paper explores the limitations of that metaphor.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3098] viXra:1903.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 04:57:41

Quantum Error in Logic Gates

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Sydney have for the first time demonstrated improvement in quantum computers by using codes designed to detect and discard errors in the logic gates of such machines. [48] "This work adds confidence that a quantum computer based on photons may be a practical route forward." [47] The research group of Jonathan Home, professor at the Institute for Quantum Electronics at ETH Zurich, has now realised such a qubit encoded in an oscillator. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3097] viXra:1903.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-01 05:25:20

Quantum Communication in Fiber-Optic Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

Their research involved exploring how to exploit multicore fiber-optic technology that is expected to be used in future transmission networks. [40] When Greg Bowman presents a slideshow about the proteins he studies, their 3-D shapes and folding patterns play out as animations on a big screen. [39] Researchers at the University of Helsinki uncovered the mechanisms for a novel cellular stress response arising from the toxicity of newly synthesized proteins. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3096] viXra:1902.0507 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-28 06:06:26

Immunizing Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

The research group of Jonathan Home, professor at the Institute for Quantum Electronics at ETH Zurich, has now realised such a qubit encoded in an oscillator. [46] "It's known that as the temperature lowers, the superconductivity is enhanced," Chen said. "The fact that much more supercurrent flowed at even lower temperatures for our device was evidence that it is flowing around these protective surfaces." [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3095] viXra:1902.0487 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-27 08:19:46

Snapshot Hear the Quantum World

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

Observing these counterintuitive happenings in larger objects has always been difficult, but University of Queensland physicists – part of an Austrian/UK research team – have created a new technique to make the observation of quantum movement much easier. [42] Their work, published in the journal Optica, could have implications for the future of information security, bio-medical science and other fields of study where sophisticated advances are increasingly relying on the ability to incorporate and measure the properties of quantum systems. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3094] viXra:1902.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-27 12:48:24

Universal Quantum Entangler

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

Now Yale researchers have developed a "universal entangler" that can link a variety of encoded particles on demand. [46] "It's known that as the temperature lowers, the superconductivity is enhanced," Chen said. "The fact that much more supercurrent flowed at even lower temperatures for our device was evidence that it is flowing around these protective surfaces." [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3093] viXra:1902.0462 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 10:29:24

Further Proofs for the 1-Photon Path Entanglement Communications Scheme

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 9 Pages.

The author had previously set out devices to communicate over space-like intervals, with a full proof for the 2-photon device and only a partial proof for the 1-photon device. The 2-photon device exploits entangled pairs; the 1-photon device utilises path-entanglement. The 1-photon device is fully analysed, then similarities (and differences) are drawn to the 2-photon device to show the holes in the No-communications Theorem: the creation operators representing the sum of paths through the device can be mapped outside the device and quantum state reduction/measurement is a space-like operation. Furthermore, global phase factors indicating causal delay are removed by the operation anyway.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3092] viXra:1902.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 11:58:29

Demystifying the Quantum World

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Their work, published in the journal Optica, could have implications for the future of information security, bio-medical science and other fields of study where sophisticated advances are increasingly relying on the ability to incorporate and measure the properties of quantum systems. [41] For the first time, the team created quantum-correlated pairs made up of one visible and one near-infrared photon using chip-based optical components that can be mass-produced. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3091] viXra:1902.0457 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 13:15:43

Immunizing Quantum Bits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

"It's known that as the temperature lowers, the superconductivity is enhanced," Chen said. "The fact that much more supercurrent flowed at even lower temperatures for our device was evidence that it is flowing around these protective surfaces." [45] Reporting today in the journal Nature, a team of physicists and engineers led by University of Texas at Austin physics professor Xiaoqin Elaine Li report they have created a material with light-emitting properties that might enable hack-proof communications, guaranteed by the laws of quantum mechanics. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3090] viXra:1902.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 14:27:57

Open Letter To Professor Richard David Gill, PhD

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: Pages.

Aristotle’s law of contradiction and Einstein’s special theory of relativity ABASTRACT Objective: The aim of this study is to re-evaluate the relationship between Aristotle’s law of contradiction and Einstein’s special theory of relativity. Methods: In order to clarify the relationship between Aristotle’s law of contradiction and Einstein’s special theory of relativity, several different approaches were chosen and appropriate theorems were developed. Results. It was possible to provide the proof that Aristotle’s law of contradiction is observer dependent but does not contradict Einstein’s special theory of relativity. Furthermore, a derivation of Aristotle’s law of contradiction from the identity law (principium identitatis) was provided. Conclusions Aristotle’s law of contradiction and Einstein’s special theory of relativity are compatible with each other. Keywords: principium identitatis, principium contradictionis, causality, Einstein’s special theory of relativity
Category: Quantum Physics

[3089] viXra:1902.0453 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 16:26:14

Unit at the Planck units

Authors: Francis MALEVAL
Comments: 2 Pages.

Planck units are defined from fundamental physical constants (we exclude in this study the physico-chemical Boltzmann constant). If we put the charge, not originally defined by Planck, at the center of this system, this interaction sits on a limit as would be a mathematical structure taking form on the surface of a mirror concept][reality, QM][GR. The coupling constant alpha, intrinsic to the charge, behaves like a metonymy of a part for the whole and, as a causet, generates on space-time an interlacing of dimensioned constants, iterated under a geometric sequence. “A very simple structure is not incompatible with the inexhaustible character of the information contained as well in physics as in mathematics”. A.Connes
Category: Quantum Physics

[3088] viXra:1902.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-25 06:48:51

Optical Quantum Micro-Combs

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems—donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3087] viXra:1902.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 00:33:42

On the Usefulness of Philosophical Terminological Rigorousness in Quantum Mechanics

Authors: A. V. Grigorov
Comments: 2 Pages.

A lot of the confusion with regards to the meaning of Quantum Mechanics arises from improper use of language (in the philosophical sense). The following brief discussion demonstrates how this could be avoided, and the benefits of using more philosophically rigorous language and concepts.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3086] viXra:1902.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 01:54:26

Quantum Entangled Photons of Colors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

For the first time, the team created quantum-correlated pairs made up of one visible and one near-infrared photon using chip-based optical components that can be mass-produced. [40] Now scientists at MIT and Harvard University have for the first time studied this unique, theoretical lens from a quantum mechanical perspective, to see how individual atoms and photons may behave within the lens. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3085] viXra:1902.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 04:17:17

Faster Read Quantum Memory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Joni Ikonen, a Ph.D. student at Aalto University, has developed a new method that helps do just that. Until now, the method used to read information from a qubit was to apply a short microwave pulse to the superconducting circuit containing the qubit and then measure the reflected microwave. [32] Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3084] viXra:1902.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 04:35:05

Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Combining a first laser pulse to heat up and "drill" through a plasma, and another to accelerate electrons to incredibly high energies in just tens of centimeters, scientists have nearly doubled the previous record for laser-driven particle acceleration. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3083] viXra:1902.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-26 04:51:10

2-D Materials Trap Particles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

Future technologies based on the principles of quantum mechanics could revolutionize information technology. But to realize the devices of tomorrow, today's physicists must develop precise and reliable platforms to trap and manipulate quantum-mechanical particles. [43] Researchers at The University of Manchester in the UK, led by Dr. Artem Mishchenko, Prof Volodya Fal'ko and Prof Andre Geim, have discovered the quantum Hall effect in bulk graphite—a layered crystal consisting of stacked graphene layers. [42]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3082] viXra:1902.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 14:32:57

Hybridization Theory of L. Pauling, Chemical Bond and Quantum Mechanics.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
Comments: 10 Pages.

The theory of hybridization of atomic orbitals of L. Pauling is analyzed using the principle of quantum superposition. It is shown that the principle of quantum superposition, and therefore quantum mechanics as a whole, is in insurmountable contradiction with the theory of hybridization of atomic orbitals. Since the concept of σ- and π-bonds automatically follows from the theory of hybridization, the classical chemical description of single, double and triple bonds (based on σ- and π-bonds) is also in insurmountable contradiction with the principle of quantum superposition.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3081] viXra:1902.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 04:56:34

Quantum States and Energy Levels in Hydrogen Atom

Authors: Daniele Sasso
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper we will calculate energy levels of electron relative to hydrogen atom making use of the four quantum numbers of the deterministic quantum model. Calculations prove in a few situations quantum states with different quantum numbers can have the same value of total energy and a few sub-levels of a more external level can precede sub-levels of more internal levels. Calculations prove also the electron in the fundamental state 1s1, in order to jump to the state 5q10 needs a photon with energy E=13.08 eV= 20.93۰10-19 J, that is in the ultraviolet band.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3080] viXra:1902.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-22 10:16:58

Magnetization Reversal by Electric Field

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have achieved magnetization reversal in cobalt-substituted bismuth ferrite by applying an electric field. [31] A team of scientists has discovered the first robust example of a new type of magnet—one that holds promise for enhancing the performance of data storage technologies. [30] Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been attracting a lot of attention recently. This is because of the increased demand for faster, longer-lasting and lower-energy IT systems, and the need for higher data storage capacity. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3079] viXra:1902.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-22 10:46:24

Spatiotemporal Signal Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Past studies have found that a variety of complex networks, from biological systems to social media networks, can exhibit universal topological characteristics. [32] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have achieved magnetization reversal in cobalt-substituted bismuth ferrite by applying an electric field. [31] A team of scientists has discovered the first robust example of a new type of magnet—one that holds promise for enhancing the performance of data storage technologies. [30] Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been attracting a lot of attention recently. This is because of the increased demand for faster, longer-lasting and lower-energy IT systems, and the need for higher data storage capacity. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3078] viXra:1902.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-23 04:00:18

Topological Quantum Magnet

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems—donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3077] viXra:1902.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-23 05:14:04

Deep Ultraviolet LEDs

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Deep ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (DUV-LEDs) made from aluminium gallium nitride (AlGaN) efficiently transfer electrical energy to optical energy due to the growth of one of its bottom layers in a step-like fashion. [25] A variety of laser-based techniques can be used to produce colorful artwork on metals. [24] An international team of researchers led out of Macquarie University has demonstrated a new approach for converting ordinary laser light into genuine quantum light. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3076] viXra:1902.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-21 17:01:52

Quantum Anthenetics

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 4.5 Pages.

A breakthrough Research study at SIAII has released a report of data suggesting a confirmation of the pursued theory of "Quantum retuning", as well as releasing a follow-up report of the application device now being constructed. Quantum anthenetics is the concept of transmitting electrons across parallel universes by tuning their quantum vibrations. The latest data not only confirms the multiverse theory, but a revolutionizing application of such hypothetical technology. More in-depth descriptions can be found in the paper.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3075] viXra:1902.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-21 17:15:21

Using Quantum Mechanics to Hypertechnology

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 12 Pages.

SAII has presented their latest theoretical pursuit marrying their latest research to some revolutionizing research and technological applications. The theory establishes how cosmoresonance in crystal destabilization could be used to defibrillate ions, which could then be spliced on the molecular level. However, the latest omega wave acceleration tests present a new possible theory now in development. A team and I have begun researching a theory that would use the latest in Quantum hypermechanics and apply it in massive physics-changing ways. Currently in, development, it focuses on: -Angular Dynastablization -Complete Omega Wave Adsorbtion -Cryoactivation -Entropy Photoresonance -Exothermic Adhesion -Infinite temporalConfiguration -Ionized Aquafusion -Neutrino Bombardment Nuclear Distortion -Progressive Antimatter Saturation -Revised Isotope Neutralization -Hyperstructure Ionization -Relative dimensional field configuration -Quantum encodement -Temporal Meteoconfiguration -Unlimited Autoresonance -The Simulstatual regulation of Quantum state Stablization This goes more into the developing theory and our research at SAII, and it could mean both in physics and for the average person reading this.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3074] viXra:1902.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-21 17:23:53

Research at SIAII

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 24 Pages.

This paper is an update on the research going on at SIAII, describing the latest projects and clearing up media distortion of the active on-going operations, including; -Tesserhedronic experimentation -Dimensional engineering -Latest VX models -Chronon accretion -Atmospheric Resonance -Fusion Destablization -Gravitation Dissociation -Heat Gigadissociation -Infinite Heteroacceleration -Luminoacceleration -Metal Electroconfiguration -Meteotransition -Oxygen Heliodissociation -Protonic Transmutation -Rotating Giganeutralization -Tellurium Dynadistortion -Temporal Repulsion -Unstable Metallodestablization -Valence Adhesion Experiments -Adjusted Titanium Stablization -Basic Saturation -Catalytic Holocrystalization -Chromatic Pyrotitration -Electrostatic Heteroirradiation -Endothermic Crystalization -Hydrocarbon Electrolysis -Low-speed Sonistablization -Neodymium Electrorepulsion -Oxygen Buffer -Oxygen Heteroactivation -Technotransition -Unconditional Accretion Acceleration -Unlimited Alkali Transition -Xenon Acceleration -Aromatic Saturation -Biological Rotostablization -Chromatid Adsorbtion -Electrochemical Stablization -Electrolytic Acceleration -Electrolytic Neutralization -Exoadhesion -Gigaaccretion -Irradiated Accretion -Nitrogen Somatotransition -Solution Splicing -Stable Bioconfiguration -Translational Organosplicing -Unlimited Encephaloosmosis -Virus Homotransition -Catalytic Metalloelectrolysis -Catalytic Virus Solution -Counter-rotating Antimatter Fusion -Diversified Cesium Stablization -Diversified Virus Electrolysis -Extreme Gigaelectrolysis -Fission Oxidation -Flourine Crystalization -Hyrdofusion -Isometric Isomer Titration -Modified Bacterium Accretion -Radioactive Stablization -Radon Reduction -Rotating Luminofusion -Variable Technodestablization -Chronological dark energy(Chemical concentration and collider test)
Category: Quantum Physics

[3073] viXra:1902.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-22 02:32:47

Quantum Dances of Semiconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems—donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3072] viXra:1902.0353 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-22 03:07:00

Coldest Quantum Gas Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

JILA researchers have made a long-lived, record-cold gas of molecules that follow the wave patterns of quantum mechanics instead of the strictly particle nature of ordinary classical physics. [15] Physicists at ETH Zurich have developed an experimental platform for studying the complex phases of a quantum gas characterized by two order parameters. [14] Now, a team at JQI led by postdoctoral researcher Seiji Sugawa and JQI Fellow Ian Spielman have succeeded in emulating a Yang monopole with an ultracold gas of rubidium atoms. [13]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3071] viXra:1902.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-22 03:29:14

Quantum Dot Clone-Like Photons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

In the global quest to develop practical computing and communications devices based on the principles of quantum physics, one potentially useful component has proved elusive: a source of individual particles of light with perfectly constant, predictable, and steady characteristics. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3070] viXra:1902.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-20 11:27:57

Flash-Freeze Crystal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have "flash-frozen" a flat crystal of 150 beryllium ions (electrically charged atoms), opening new possibilities for simulating magnetism at the quantum scale and sensing signals from mysterious dark matter. [26] Karimi's team has successfully built and operated the first-ever quantum simulator designed specifically for simulating cyclic (ringed-shaped) systems. [25] A new Tel Aviv University study explores the generation and propagation of excitons in 2D materials within an unprecedented small time frame and at an extraordinarily high spatial resolution. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3069] viXra:1902.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-20 11:44:10

Matter-Wave Diffraction Planes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Researchers at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), in Korea, and Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, in Germany, have recently conducted a study investigating matter-wave diffraction from a periodic array of half planes. [27] Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have "flash-frozen" a flat crystal of 150 beryllium ions (electrically charged atoms), opening new possibilities for simulating magnetism at the quantum scale and sensing signals from mysterious dark matter. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3068] viXra:1902.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-20 13:17:52

Superconduction Have to be Cold

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

TU Wien has now made a major advance towards achieving this goal and, at the same time, has furthered an understanding of why conventional materials only become superconducting at around -200°C [18] The emerging field of spintronics leverages electron spin and magnetization. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3067] viXra:1902.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-21 02:20:43

A Geometric Interpretation of the de Broglie Wavelength

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 5 Pages.

While the de Broglie wavelength pops up in various fundamental quantun-mechanical equations, a solid geometric interpretation of it has so far evaded us. This paper (part of an upcoming) book may help to crack the nut.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3066] viXra:1902.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-21 04:06:03

On the Experimental Study of Nonlocality in Quantum Physics

Authors: V.A. Kuz`menko
Comments: 3 Pages.

It is proposed to continue the experimental study of the Hong-Ou-Mandel (HOM) effect in order to identify the nonlocal properties of the memory of quantum systems.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3065] viXra:1902.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-19 05:42:38

Quantized Heating in Quantum Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3064] viXra:1902.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-19 07:29:00

Laser Light into Quantum Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

An international team of researchers led out of Macquarie University has demonstrated a new approach for converting ordinary laser light into genuine quantum light. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3063] viXra:1902.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-19 15:37:22

Relative Measurement Theory the Unification of Experimental and Theoretical Measurements

Authors: Kenneth R Krechmer
Comments: 14 Pages.

The discontinuous, non-causal and instantaneous changes due to a measurement that appear in quantum mechanics (QM) theory are not consistent with a classical understanding of physical reality, but are completely confirmed by experiments. Relative measurement theory explains why. This paper presents the first formal development of an experimental measurement which includes the uncertainty due to calibration and resolution. The uncertainty due to calibration and resolution, previously considered experimental artifacts, is shown to be equal to the uncertainty that appears in QM theory and experiment. When the calibration to a reference and resolution effects are considered, all the QM measurement discontinuities are consistent with classical explanations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3062] viXra:1902.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-20 01:51:46

Quantum Particles Resolution

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

A new Tel Aviv University study explores the generation and propagation of excitons in 2D materials within an unprecedented small time frame and at an extraordinarily high spatial resolution. [24] An international team of researchers led out of Macquarie University has demonstrated a new approach for converting ordinary laser light into genuine quantum light. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3061] viXra:1902.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-20 04:56:29

Quantum Light Simulator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Karimi's team has successfully built and operated the first-ever quantum simulator designed specifically for simulating cyclic (ringed-shaped) systems. [25] A new Tel Aviv University study explores the generation and propagation of excitons in 2D materials within an unprecedented small time frame and at an extraordinarily high spatial resolution. [24] An international team of researchers led out of Macquarie University has demonstrated a new approach for converting ordinary laser light into genuine quantum light. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3060] viXra:1902.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-18 13:39:44

Practical Quantum Secure Direct Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

Quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) is an important branch of quantum communication, based on the principles of quantum mechanics for the direct transmission of classified information. [43] The deluge of cyberattacks sweeping across the world has governments and companies thinking about new ways to protect their digital systems, and the corporate and state secrets stored within. [42] The Pentagon on Friday said there has been a cyber breach of Defense Department travel records that compromised the personal information and credit card data of U.S. military and civilian personnel. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3059] viXra:1902.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-19 01:30:39

Exotic Spiraling Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Rutgers and other physicists have discovered an exotic form of electrons that spin like planets and could lead to advances in lighting, solar cells, lasers and electronic displays. [30] Scientists used spiraling X-rays at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) to observe, for the first time, a property that gives handedness to swirling electric patterns – dubbed polar vortices – in a synthetically layered material. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3058] viXra:1902.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-18 07:56:10

Quantum Systems Talk

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory have invented an innovative way for different types of quantum technology to "talk" to each other using sound. [44] Quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) is an important branch of quantum communication, based on the principles of quantum mechanics for the direct transmission of classified information. [43]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3057] viXra:1902.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-15 09:10:58

Laser Pulses and Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered a means of controlling the surface conductivity of a three-dimensional (3-D) topological insulator, a type of material that has potential applications in spintronic devices and quantum computing. [42] With enhanced understanding of this system, the Quantum Dynamics Unit aims to improve upon the industry standard for qubits – bits of quantum information. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3056] viXra:1902.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-15 10:05:39

Spintronics by Straintonics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Now, teams from France, Spain and Germany have demonstrated the feasibility of another approach at the nanoscale: "We can induce magnetic order on a small region of our sample by employing a small electric field instead of using magnetic fields," Dr. Sergio Valencia, HZB, says. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3055] viXra:1902.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-15 10:24:12

Diamond Spins Measurement Technique

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A new method to read out the spin states of individual negatively-charged nitrogen vacancy (NV–) centres has been developed by researchers in Europe and Japan. [35] Now, teams from France, Spain and Germany have demonstrated the feasibility of another approach at the nanoscale: "We can induce magnetic order on a small region of our sample by employing a small electric field instead of using magnetic fields," Dr. Sergio Valencia, HZB, says. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3054] viXra:1902.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-15 10:43:57

Anti-Laser Masquerading Absorber

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Researchers at Duke University have discovered that a perfect absorber of electromagnetic waves they described in a 2017 paper can easily be tweaked into a sort of "time-reversed laser" known as a coherent perfect absorber (CPA). [43] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered a means of controlling the surface conductivity of a three-dimensional (3-D) topological insulator, a type of material that has potential applications in spintronic devices and quantum computing. [42] With enhanced understanding of this system, the Quantum Dynamics Unit aims to improve upon the industry standard for qubits – bits of quantum information. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3053] viXra:1902.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-16 04:10:48

Direct-Write Quantum Calligraphy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

In contrast with conventional light emitting diodes which emit billions of photons simultaneously to form a steady stream of light, an ideal SPE generates exactly one photon on demand, with each photon indistinguishable from another. [35] Now, teams from France, Spain and Germany have demonstrated the feasibility of another approach at the nanoscale: "We can induce magnetic order on a small region of our sample by employing a small electric field instead of using magnetic fields," Dr. Sergio Valencia, HZB, says. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3052] viXra:1902.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-16 04:52:32

Symmetry Indicators of Topological Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

An efficient new method to find out whether a material hosts topological states or not could help increase the number of known topological materials from a few hundred to thousands. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3051] viXra:1902.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-14 05:56:45

LED in Reverse Cool Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

In a finding that runs counter to a common assumption in physics, researchers at the University of Michigan ran a light emitting diode (LED) with electrodes reversed in order to cool another device mere nanometers away. [42] With enhanced understanding of this system, the Quantum Dynamics Unit aims to improve upon the industry standard for qubits – bits of quantum information. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3050] viXra:1902.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-13 08:29:33

Multimaterial 3-D Laser Microprinting

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Complex, three-dimensional (3-D) structures are regularly constructed using a reliable commercial method of 3-D laser micro- and nanoprinting. [42] A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41] A team of researchers from the University of Central Florida and Michigan Technological University has developed a laser system concept built on the principles of supersymmetry. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3049] viXra:1902.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 22:36:59

Anomaly in Sign Function Probability Function Integration III

Authors: Han Geurdes
Comments: 7 Pages.

In the paper it is demonstrated that integration of products of sign functions and probability density functions such as in Bell’s formula for ±1 measurement functions, leads to inconsistencies. Keywords Inconsistency, Bell’s theorem.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3048] viXra:1902.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 06:19:19

Quantum Strangeness Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Advances in this fast-paced domain could improve devices for data storage and information processing and aid in the development of molecular switches, among other innovations. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37] The universal laws governing the dynamics of interacting quantum particles are yet to be fully revealed to the scientific community. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3047] viXra:1902.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 06:44:11

Two-Dimensional Quantum Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Engineering and Applied Science have now demonstrated a new hardware platform based on isolated electron spins in a two-dimensional material. [40] Advances in this fast-paced domain could improve devices for data storage and information processing and aid in the development of molecular switches, among other innovations. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3046] viXra:1902.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 07:00:32

Questions in Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

With enhanced understanding of this system, the Quantum Dynamics Unit aims to improve upon the industry standard for qubits – bits of quantum information. [41] Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Engineering and Applied Science have now demonstrated a new hardware platform based on isolated electron spins in a two-dimensional material. [40] Advances in this fast-paced domain could improve devices for data storage and information processing and aid in the development of molecular switches, among other innovations. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3045] viXra:1902.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 07:17:16

Chiral Weyl Particles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

The group of physicist Sebastian Huber at ETH Zurich now reports experiments in which they got a handle on one of the defining properties of Weyl fermions—their chirality. [14] At TU Wien recently, particles known as 'Weyl fermions' were discovered in materials with strong interaction between electrons. Just like light particles, they have no mass but nonetheless they move extremely slowly. [13] Quantum behavior plays a crucial role in novel and emergent material properties, such as superconductivity and magnetism. [12]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3044] viXra:1902.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-12 07:39:47

Hydrogen Photoelectron Spectroscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

For the first time scientists measured the vibrational structure of hydrogen and helium atoms by X-rays. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3043] viXra:1902.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-11 10:24:34

Electron's Trip Across a Border

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Electrons flowing across the boundary between two materials are the foundation of many key technologies, from flash memories to batteries and solar cells. [17] This new approach illuminates the origin of surface electromagnetic waves and explains why these waves appear at interfaces where one of the medium parameters (dielectric permittivity or magnetic permeability) changes its sign. [16] A team of physicists headed by Professor Sebastian Reineke of TU Dresden has developed a new method of storing information in fully transparent plastic foils. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3042] viXra:1902.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-09 12:13:19

New Theory of Quantization and Mass of Waves' Particles Elecrtons Generate Waves and Waves Generate Electrons

Authors: Yaseen Ali Mohamed Al Azzam
Comments: 6 Pages.

By an alternative interpretation of Compton effect experiment, I concluded that waves generate electrons and that waves and electrons are quantized into units of mass (which I called phosons). The phoson is defined as a fundamental unit of energy carried by a variable mass and the origin of quantization where phosons are the waves’ particles which also comprise the electrons’ mass. Photons were just a misinterpretation of the photoelectric experiment and were confused with the waves’ power ( the waves’ energy in one second time) which came in accordance of our measurement units
Category: Quantum Physics

[3041] viXra:1902.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-09 12:09:45

Quantization of Poisson Brackets

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

We propose a quantization of the Poisson brackets. We introduce the non-commutativity of the endomorphisms of fiber bundles for quantized Poisson brackets.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3040] viXra:1902.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-09 02:13:13

Transmon Quantum Computer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

The researchers report controlling quantum phenomena in a custom-designed electrical circuit called a transmon. [41] A team of researchers at the University of Chicago has developed a circuit platform for the exploration of quantum matter made of strongly interacting microwave photons. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3039] viXra:1902.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-09 03:19:58

Quantum Mechanics as a Reactive Probabilistic System

Authors: Germano Resconi, Santanu Kumar Patro, Amrit Srecko Sorli
Comments: 20 Pages.

In this paper, we present quantum mechanics as a reactive system. To show this we introduce the holography as a reactive system. Illumination of the object and reference beam create sources (hologram) that activated by the same reference beam react in a way to produce the image Controlled chemical system react to the external or internal change generate new sources (chemical product) that diffuses in the body environment establish a new equilibrium. The droplets bouncing on a vertical vibrating fluid bath that simulate the main quantum phenomena is a reactive system between droplets and vibrating fluid. We show that quantum mechanics is a probabilistic reactive system between quantum potential and pseudo kinetic energy in which an integral is the Fisher information. We show that quantum mechanics can be built by only the probability normalization properties without assuming any other hypothesis. With join probability and Euler Lagrange equation we can find the quantum potential and with the continuity equation, we show that with only probability approach it is possible to give a meaning to the Schrodinger equation without any thermo-dynamical model of quantum mechanics. The reactive system can be denoted as a morphogenetic system where the form is generated by some designed rules or properties.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3038] viXra:1902.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-09 04:14:03

Infrared Imaging Performance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

A new method developed by Northwestern Engineering's Manijeh Razeghi has greatly reduced a type of image distortion caused by the presence of spectral cross-talk between dual-band long-wavelength photodetectors. [49] Plasmonic materials can uniquely control the electromagnetic spectrum due to nano-scale surface architecture. [48] A research group led by Yasuhiro Kuramitsu at Osaka University has revealed a magnetic reconnection driven by electron dynamics for the first time ever in laser-produced plasmas using the Gekko XII laser facility at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3037] viXra:1902.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-08 08:47:51

Laser System Built on Supersymmetry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

A team of researchers from the University of Central Florida and Michigan Technological University has developed a laser system concept built on the principles of supersymmetry. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3036] viXra:1902.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-08 09:15:59

Laser Wavelength Splitting

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41] A team of researchers from the University of Central Florida and Michigan Technological University has developed a laser system concept built on the principles of supersymmetry. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3035] viXra:1902.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-07 15:34:35

On the Probabilistic Nature of Observable Phenomena.

Authors: Muhammad Ali
Comments: 15 Pages.

This paper proposes a Gadenkan experiment named “Observer’s Dilemma”, to investigate the probabilistic nature of observable phenomena. It has been reasoned that probabilistic nature in, otherwise uniquely deterministic phenomena can be introduced due to lack of information of underlying governing laws. Through theoretical consequences of the experiment, concepts of ‘Absolute Complete’ and ‘Observably Complete” theories have been introduced. Furthermore, nature of reality being ‘absolute’ and ‘observable’ have been discussed along with the possibility of multiple realities being true for observer. In addition, certain aspects of quantum mechanics have been interpreted. It has been argued that quantum mechanics is an ‘observably complete’ theory and its nature is to give probabilistic predictions. Lastly, it has been argued that “Everettian - Many world” interpretation of quantum mechanics is very real and true in the framework of ‘observable nature of reality’, for humans.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3034] viXra:1902.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-07 06:03:51

Laser Photoelectron Spectroscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37] The universal laws governing the dynamics of interacting quantum particles are yet to be fully revealed to the scientific community. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3033] viXra:1902.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-07 11:05:13

Strongly Interacting Microwave Photons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

A team of researchers at the University of Chicago has developed a circuit platform for the exploration of quantum matter made of strongly interacting microwave photons. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3032] viXra:1902.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-07 13:17:34

Big Step in Nanolaser Design

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Lasers are widely used in household appliances, medicine, industry, telecommunications and more. Several years ago, scientists introduced nanolasers. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3031] viXra:1902.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-06 20:54:33

Correlation of the Fine-Structure Constant to the Cosmic Horizon and Planck Length

Authors: Ankur S. Bhatt, F.M. Becker
Comments: 8 Pages.

The following paper derives the fine-structure constant. This derivation suggests that the fine-structure constant can be theoretically determined as the spectrum range of all the energy modes fitting inside the observable universe. This corresponds to the number of allowed radiation modes of a particle from the cosmic horizon down to Planck length. Additionally, an association between Newton's Law of Gravity and Coulomb's Law suggests there is a connection between mass and charge via the fine-structure constant.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3030] viXra:1902.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-07 02:02:51

Electron Flow in Quantum Wires

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37] The universal laws governing the dynamics of interacting quantum particles are yet to be fully revealed to the scientific community. [36] Now NIST scientists have designed a vacuum gauge that is small enough to deploy in commonly used vacuum chambers. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3029] viXra:1902.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-07 03:53:28

Can the Idea of a Complex-Valued Potential Explain the Zitterbewegung?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 5 Pages. No TOC. Paper is short and structure is clear.

The Zitterbewegung model of an electron is intuitive and attractive because – when combining the idea of a motion in two dimensions (the Zitter) with the idea of a pointlike charge – we get all of the previously unexplained values of the observables (the Compton radius, its angular momentum and magnetic moment, and the correct value for the gyromagnetic ratio) out of a limited set of very fundamental equations - the force law and Einstein’s E = mc2 formula, basically. However, the core problem of the model is this very obvious question: what keeps the pointlike charge in its circular orbit? We can develop metaphors but – when everything is said and done – we do not have springs or pistons or any other mechanical devices in space. This paper explores a simple idea: if we can describe the particle itself by Euler’s wavefunction – exploring different aspects of its reality, such as the position of the pointlike charge, and the nature of the force that makes it move along its circular orbit – then we should, perhaps, also explore how we can use it to describe the nature of the space that comes with the particle. The basic idea is this: when we describe physical space (as opposed to a purely mathematical space – coordinate space, that is), we will usually describe its nature in terms of some potential, whose derivative will then give us the force acting on our particle. Hence, if the force on our particle can be described by a complex function, perhaps we should try to describe potential in terms of a complex-valued function as well. So that is what we will do here.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3028] viXra:1902.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 17:29:24

Spacetime Engineering

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Explanation of spacetime engineering, tailored for general audience. It will be supplemented by demonstrations of reversible elimination of inertial mass (REIM), posted at my YouTube channel by Christmas 2019.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3027] viXra:1902.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-06 04:13:20

Wired Quantum Node

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37] The universal laws governing the dynamics of interacting quantum particles are yet to be fully revealed to the scientific community. [36] Now NIST scientists have designed a vacuum gauge that is small enough to deploy in commonly used vacuum chambers. [35] A novel technique that nudges single atoms to switch places within an atomically thin material could bring scientists another step closer to realizing theoretical physicist Richard Feynman's vision of building tiny machines from the atom up. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3026] viXra:1902.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 05:07:52

Read, Write and Erase Using Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A team of physicists headed by Professor Sebastian Reineke of TU Dresden has developed a new method of storing information in fully transparent plastic foils. [15] A new electron microscopy technique that detects the subtle changes in the weight of proteins at the nanoscale—while keeping the sample intact—could open a new pathway for deeper, more comprehensive studies of the basic building blocks of life. [14] Researchers use a cavity-coupled double quantum dot to study electron-phonon interactions in a nanowire. [13]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3025] viXra:1902.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 05:29:41

Surface Electromagnetic Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

This new approach illuminates the origin of surface electromagnetic waves and explains why these waves appear at interfaces where one of the medium parameters (dielectric permittivity or magnetic permeability) changes its sign. [16] A team of physicists headed by Professor Sebastian Reineke of TU Dresden has developed a new method of storing information in fully transparent plastic foils. [15] A new electron microscopy technique that detects the subtle changes in the weight of proteins at the nanoscale—while keeping the sample intact—could open a new pathway for deeper, more comprehensive studies of the basic building blocks of life. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3024] viXra:1902.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 03:23:52

Reduce Quantum Noise

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

In a recent issue of Physical Review A, Argonne researchers reported a new method for alleviating the effects of "noise" in quantum information systems, a challenge scientists around the globe are working to meet in the race toward a new era of quantum technologies. [32] In this sense, the third dimension and the quantum bit are special, and so is quantum computation—in a phrase coined previously by computer scientist Scott Aaronson, it is an "island in theoryspace." [31] With the advent of open-access quantum computers, scientists at the University of Chicago saw an opportunity to do a very unusual experiment to test some of these quantum principles. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3023] viXra:1902.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 04:48:34

Exotic Electron Liquid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

By bombarding an ultrathin semiconductor sandwich with powerful laser pulses, physicists at the University of California, Riverside, have created the first "electron liquid" at room temperature. [39] A group led by Peng Chen, the Peter J.W. Debye Professor in the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology at Cornell, has determined that photocurrent loses approximately 20 percent of its power as it passes through the interface. [38] NIMS and Hokkaido University jointly discovered that proton transfer in electrochemical reactions is governed by the quantum tunneling effect (QTE) under the specific conditions. [37] Researchers at the University of Vienna study the relevance of quantum reference frames for the symmetries of the world. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3022] viXra:1902.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 07:48:34

Performance of Multi-Dimensional Bits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

In this sense, the third dimension and the quantum bit are special, and so is quantum computation—in a phrase coined previously by computer scientist Scott Aaronson, it is an "island in theoryspace." [31] With the advent of open-access quantum computers, scientists at the University of Chicago saw an opportunity to do a very unusual experiment to test some of these quantum principles. [30] Dr. Jan Klaers is a researcher of the Complex Photonic Systems group, part of UT's MESA+ Institute. Within the group, he started his own research direction in the field of experimental quantum thermodynamics. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3021] viXra:1902.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-04 09:06:23

Quantum Spreading Laws

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

The universal laws governing the dynamics of interacting quantum particles are yet to be fully revealed to the scientific community. [36] Now NIST scientists have designed a vacuum gauge that is small enough to deploy in commonly used vacuum chambers. [35] A novel technique that nudges single atoms to switch places within an atomically thin material could bring scientists another step closer to realizing theoretical physicist Richard Feynman's vision of building tiny machines from the atom up. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3020] viXra:1902.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 15:00:58

Chemical Bond as the Main Problem of Modern Chemistry and Physics.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
Comments: 34 Pages.

The formation of the chemical bond is considered from the general theoretical standpoint as the interaction of different fermions. It is shown that using the modern classical concepts of chemical bond, it is impossible to obtain (strictly theoretically) a physical justification of the cause of the formation of a chemical bond. The shows the inapplicability of the Pauli principle to chemical bond and a new theoretical model of the chemical bond is proposed based on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3019] viXra:1902.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 15:38:22

Refutation of the Spin-Statistics Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

Abstract: We evaluate the spin-statistics theorem assuming two variables are not equivalent for the equations of commute and anti-commute fields. The equations are logically equivalent meaning the status of the two variables is irrelevant and unnecessary. Therefore the theorem is refuted, casting doubt on the logical foundations of QFT.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3018] viXra:1902.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 01:54:44

Quiet Laser Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Spectrally pure lasers lie at the heart of precision high-end scientific and commercial applications, thanks to their ability to produce near-perfect single-color light. [41] Researchers have developed a compact laser that emits light with extreme spectral purity that doesn't change in response to environmental conditions. [40] A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg/Germany presents evidence of the amplification of optical phonons in a solid by intense terahertz laser pulses. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3017] viXra:1902.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 03:24:19

Open-Access Quantum Computer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

With the advent of open-access quantum computers, scientists at the University of Chicago saw an opportunity to do a very unusual experiment to test some of these quantum principles. [30] Dr. Jan Klaers is a researcher of the Complex Photonic Systems group, part of UT's MESA+ Institute. Within the group, he started his own research direction in the field of experimental quantum thermodynamics. [29] Physicists envision that the future of quantum computation networks will contain scalable, monolithic circuits, which include advanced functionalities on a single physical substrate. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3016] viXra:1902.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 04:43:30

Virtual Lens X-ray Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

With X-ray microscopes, researchers at PSI look inside computer chips, catalysts, small pieces of bone, or brain tissue. [37] Now, scientists at the National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II)—a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory—have developed a TXM that can image samples 10 times faster than previously possible. [36] In a new study published Aug. 17 in Nature Communications, Nemsak, Fadley, Schneider and colleagues demonstrate the use of new techniques in X-ray spectroscopy to illuminate the internal structure of manganese-doped gallium arsenide. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3015] viXra:1902.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-01 08:57:36

Current via Quantum Proton Transfer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

NIMS and Hokkaido University jointly discovered that proton transfer in electrochemical reactions is governed by the quantum tunneling effect (QTE) under the specific conditions. [37] Researchers at the University of Vienna study the relevance of quantum reference frames for the symmetries of the world. [36] Researchers in Singapore have built a refrigerator that's just three atoms big. This quantum fridge won't keep your drinks cold, but it's cool proof of physics operating at the smallest scales. [35] Researchers have created a new testing ground for quantum systems in which they can literally turn certain particle interactions on and off, potentially paving the way for advances in spintronics. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3014] viXra:1902.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-01 03:36:07

Deterministic Quantum Model of Atom

Authors: Daniele Sasso
Comments: 5 Pages.

The deterministic quantum model of atom described in the order of Deterministic Quantum Physics has proved a deterministic and non probabilistic formulation of atom model is possible. The preceding deterministic model presents nevertheless an imprecision regarding the use of spin. In fact in that model the double sign, positive and negative, for spin has been used in improper way. Because in the order of the Non-Standard Model electron spin is related to electron charge that is always by convention negative, it is manifest that electron spin has to assume always a negative value.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3013] viXra:1901.0465 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 10:02:14

Laser Emits Pure Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

Researchers have developed a compact laser that emits light with extreme spectral purity that doesn't change in response to environmental conditions. [40] A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg/Germany presents evidence of the amplification of optical phonons in a solid by intense terahertz laser pulses. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3012] viXra:1901.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 10:47:13

Algorithm Reduce Electromagnetic Noise

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

In order to design noiseless electromagnetic (EM) devices, it is necessary to clarify the mechanism behind EM noise and theoretical calculations and computer simulations are performed for prediction assessment of devices. [46] Transparent electronics are the future, according to researchers including José A. Flores-Livas and Miglė Graužinytė from the research group headed by Stefan Goedecker, Professor of Computational Physics at the University of Basel. [45] For the first time ever, an international team of researchers imaged the microscopic state of negative capacitance. [44] One of the leading candidates, spintronics, is based on the idea of carrying information via the spin of electrons. [43]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3011] viXra:1901.0453 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 07:56:50

Quantum Fridge Minibar

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers in Singapore have built a refrigerator that's just three atoms big. This quantum fridge won't keep your drinks cold, but it's cool proof of physics operating at the smallest scales. [35] Researchers have created a new testing ground for quantum systems in which they can literally turn certain particle interactions on and off, potentially paving the way for advances in spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3010] viXra:1901.0452 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 09:11:20

Quantum Reference Frame

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Vienna study the relevance of quantum reference frames for the symmetries of the world. [36] Researchers in Singapore have built a refrigerator that's just three atoms big. This quantum fridge won't keep your drinks cold, but it's cool proof of physics operating at the smallest scales. [35] Researchers have created a new testing ground for quantum systems in which they can literally turn certain particle interactions on and off, potentially paving the way for advances in spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3009] viXra:1901.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 07:40:53

Resistance is Futile in Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 95 Pages.

Finding a material which behaves as a superconductor at room temperature would be a scientific breakthrough of incredible conceptual and technological importance. [55] Cuprates, a class of copper-oxide ceramics that share a common building block of copper and oxygen atoms in a flat square lattice, have been studied for their ability to be superconducting at relatively high temperatures. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3008] viXra:1901.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 08:35:32

Electronic Disorder in Copper Oxid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

Cuprates, a class of copper-oxide ceramics that share a common building block of copper and oxygen atoms in a flat square lattice, have been studied for their ability to be superconducting at relatively high temperatures. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3007] viXra:1901.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 03:57:54

New Quantum Spintronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers have created a new testing ground for quantum systems in which they can literally turn certain particle interactions on and off, potentially paving the way for advances in spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3006] viXra:1901.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 04:29:49

Safeguards for Sensitive Information

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 96 Pages.

Despite being the most advanced quantum technology, secure encryption of information units based on a method called quantum key distribution (QKD) is currently limited by the channel's capacity to send or share secret bits. [55] An international team of researchers led by ANU is helping to build a safe data superhighway for the highly anticipated quantum internet, which promises a new era of artificial intelligence and ultra-secure communication. [54] For the first time, researchers have succeeded in producing what are known as spin wave overtones. The technology paves the way for increasing the data transmission rate of wireless communication. [53]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3005] viXra:1901.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 09:39:03

Quantum Electro-Optic Circuits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Physicists envision that the future of quantum computation networks will contain scalable, monolithic circuits, which include advanced functionalities on a single physical substrate. [28] Engineering researchers have demonstrated proof-of-principle for a device that could serve as the backbone of a future quantum Internet. [27] If you see a video of a politician speaking words he never would utter, or a Hollywood star improbably appearing in a cheap adult movie, don't adjust your television set—you may just be witnessing the future of "fake news." [26] Artificial intelligence can play chess, drive a car and diagnose medical issues. Examples include Google DeepMind's AlphaGo, Tesla's self-driving vehicles, and IBM's Watson. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3004] viXra:1901.0410 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 04:13:35

All-Photonic Quantum Repeaters Internet

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Engineering researchers have demonstrated proof-of-principle for a device that could serve as the backbone of a future quantum Internet. [27] If you see a video of a politician speaking words he never would utter, or a Hollywood star improbably appearing in a cheap adult movie, don't adjust your television set—you may just be witnessing the future of "fake news." [26] Artificial intelligence can play chess, drive a car and diagnose medical issues. Examples include Google DeepMind's AlphaGo, Tesla's self-driving vehicles, and IBM's Watson. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3003] viXra:1901.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 04:51:07

Einstein-Classicality Explains Aspect's Experiment and Refutes Bell's Theorem

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 6 Pages.

With Bell's inequality refuted and his error identified [see References], we now explain Aspect's experiment and refute Bell's theorem via what we call Einstein-classicality: the union of true locality (no influence propagates superluminally) and true realism (some beables change interactively). We also remedy many of Aspect's pro-Bell comments; eg, inability to picture in 3-space, hopeless searching, vindicated nonlocality.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3002] viXra:1901.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 20:11:53

Cosmological Acceleration as a Consequence of Quantum de Sitter Symmetry

Authors: Felix M. Lev
Comments: 10 Pages.

We first argue that three fundamental parameters defining transitions from more general theories to less general ones are not $(c,ħ,G)$ ,where $G$ is the gravitational constant, but $(c, ħ,R)$ where $R$ is the parameter defining contraction from the de Sitter (dS) or anti-de Sitter (AdS) algebra to the Poincare algebra. This parameter is fundamental to the same extent as $c$ and $\hbar$, i.e. a question why $R$ is as is does not arise, and the the answer is simply that $R$ has its value because we want to measure distances in meters. On classical level the cosmological constant is $\Lambda=\pm 3/R^2$ for dS and AdS spaces, respectively. As a consequence of the fact that quantum dS and AdS symmetries are more general than Poincare symmetry, the cosmological constant problem does not arise, $\Lambda$ is necessarily not zero and there is no need to involve dark energy for explaining the cosmological acceleration. We consider a system of two free bodies in dS invariant quantum mechanics and show that in semiclassical approximation the dS repulsion is the same as in General Relativity. This result is obtained without using geometry of dS space, metric and connection but simply as a consequence of quantum dS symmetry.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3001] viXra:1901.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 06:42:40

Higher Temperature for Superconducting Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Houston have reported a new way to raise the transition temperature of superconducting materials, boosting the temperature at which the superconductors are able to operate. [25] Some iron-based superconductors could benefit from a tuneup, according to two studies by Rice University physicists and collaborators. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3000] viXra:1901.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 05:07:28

Note on the Golden Mean, Nonlocality in Quantum Mechanics and Fractal Cantorian Spacetime

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 6 Pages.

Given the inverse of the Golden Mean $ \tau^{ -1} = \phi = { 1\over 2} (\sqrt 5 - 1)$, it is known that the continuous fraction expansion of $ \phi^{ -1} = 1 + \phi = \tau$ is $ ( 1, 1, 1, \cdots )$. Integer solutions for the pairs of numbers $ ( d_i, n_i ), i = 1, 2, 3, \cdots $ are found obeying the equation $ ( 1 + \phi)^n = d + \phi^n$. The latter equation was inspired from El Naschie's formulation of fractal Cantorian space time $ {\cal E}_\infty$, and such that it furnishes the continuous fraction expansion of $ ( 1 + \phi )^n ~= ~ (d, d, d, d, \cdots )$, generalizing the original expression for the Golden mean. Hardy showed that is possible to demonstrate nonlocality without using Bell inequalities for two particles prepared in $nonmaximally$ entangled states. The maximal probability of obtaining his nonlocality proof was found to be precisely $\phi^5$. Zheng showed that three-particle nonmaximally entangled states revealed quantum nonlocality without using inequalities, and the maximal probability of obtaining the nonlocality proof was found to be $ 0.25 \sim \phi^3 = 0.236$. Given that the two-parameter $ p, q$ quantum-calculus deformations of the integers $ [ n ]_{ p, q} = F_n $ $coincide$ precisely with the Fibonacci numbers, as a result of Binet's formula when $ p = ( 1 + \phi) = \tau, q = - \phi = - \tau^{ -1} $, we explore further the implications of these results in the quantum entanglement of two-particle spin-$s$ states.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2999] viXra:1901.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 07:35:05

Magnetic Quantum Effects in Solids

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. [18] Researchers in the US and Japan say they have observed spin superfluidity and very long distance spin transport in an antiferromagnetic insulator made from graphene for the first time. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2998] viXra:1901.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 08:18:22

Collision Resonances Between Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

For the first time, a team led by Prof. Jian-Wei Pan and Prof. Bo Zhao at the University of Science and Technology of China, have successfully observed scattering resonances between atoms and molecules at ultra-low temperatures, shedding light on the quantum nature of atom-molecule interactions that have so far only been discussed in theory. [20] Thanks to new technology, it is possible to retain individual atoms, move them in a targeted manner or change their condition. [19] Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2997] viXra:1901.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 03:53:38

Quantum Computing in Four Spatial Dimensions

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, Muhammad Zubair Ahmad, James F Peters
Comments: 11 Pages.

Relationships among near set theory, shape maps and recent accounts of the Quantum Hall effect pave the way to quantum computations performed in higher dimensions. We illustrate the operational procedure to build a quantum computer able to detect, assess and quantify a fourth spatial dimension. We show how, starting from two-dimensional shapes embedded in a 2D topological charge pump, it is feasible to achieve the corresponding four-dimensional shapes, which encompass a larger amount of information. This novel, relatively straightforward architecture not only permits to increase the amount of available qbits in a fixed volume, but also converges towards a solution to the problem of optical computers, that are not allowed to tackle quantum entanglement through their canonical superposition of electromagnetic waves.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2996] viXra:1901.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 06:31:20

Qfizika Fizikai ÁLLANDÓK EXPONENCIÁLIS Kapcsolata

Authors: Sarkadi Dezső
Comments: 6 Pages.

A több évre visszamenő töprengéseim során sikerült találnom egy olyan dimenziónélküli számot, éspedig a 2/9-hez közelálló, mely a fizikában valószínűleg hasonlóan nagy érdeklődésre számíthat, mint az ismert 1/137 finimszerkezeti állandó. Ezt az új számot Q-val jelölöm, melynek Q0 „névleges” értékét pontosan 2/9-nek választottam. A 90-es években ismertem fel, hogy ennek a számnak az egész-számú hatványaival számos, dimenziónélküli fizikai állandó kisebb-nagyobb pontossággal kifejezhető (pl. elemi részek tömegarányai), többek között a finomszerkezeti állandó is! Nagyon érdekes az a tény, hogy a legfontosabb fizikai állandók SI egységrendszerben szintén kifejezhetők a Q szám egész-számú hatványaival. Ez lehet csak a nagy véletlen, de lehet mögötte akár komolyabb fizikai háttér is. Sarkadi Dezső 2019.01.22
Category: Quantum Physics

[2995] viXra:1901.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 07:19:53

New Quantum Spin Liquid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

An international research team led by the University of Liverpool and McMaster University has made a significant breakthrough in the search for new states of matter. [31] A team of researchers with members from several institutions in the U.S. and Russia has found evidence that suggests spin liquids in ferromagnets may be similar to dipole liquids in ferroelectrics. [30] Electrons in graphene—an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike—move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2994] viXra:1901.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 07:47:27

Thought Experiment of Schrodinger

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

An old thought experiment now appears in a new light. In 1935 Erwin Schrödinger formulated a thought experiment designed to capture the paradoxical nature of quantum physics. [22] ETH physicists have developed a silicon wafer that behaves like a topological insulator when stimulated using ultrasound. They have thereby succeeded in turning an abstract theoretical concept into a macroscopic product. [21] Cheng Chin, professor in the Department of Physics, and his team looked at an experimental setup of tens of thousands of atoms cooled down to near absolute zero. As the system crossed a quantum phase transition, they measured its behavior with an extremely sensitive imaging system. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2993] viXra:1901.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 03:17:30

Quantum Sensors for NMR

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

A study by the Quantum Technologies for Information Science (QUTIS) group of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has produced a series of protocols for quantum sensors that could allow images to be obtained by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance of single biomolecules using a minimal amount of radiation. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2992] viXra:1901.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 03:36:14

Light Regardless of Polarization

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a polarization-insensitive metalens comprised of non-symmetric nanofins that can achromatically focus light across the visible spectrum without aberrations. [42] A team led by Rice University scientists used a unique combination of techniques to observe, for the first time, a condensed matter phenomenon about which others have only speculated. The research could aid in the development of quantum computers. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2991] viXra:1901.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 04:17:19

Ultrafast Spintronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

One of the leading candidates, spintronics, is based on the idea of carrying information via the spin of electrons. [43] Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a polarization-insensitive metalens comprised of non-symmetric nanofins that can achromatically focus light across the visible spectrum without aberrations. [42] A team led by Rice University scientists used a unique combination of techniques to observe, for the first time, a condensed matter phenomenon about which others have only speculated. The research could aid in the development of quantum computers. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2990] viXra:1901.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 01:57:02

The Theories of the Graviton, Part Three: The Statistical and Thermodynamic Applications to Gravitonic Mechanics

Authors: Noah MacKay
Comments: 14 Pages. Done with the assistance of Aaron M. Bain and Ashton L. Shope

Gravitons are the quanta of gravity that, if proven to exist, would potentially connect quantum mechanics with gravitation. The third (and supposedly last) part of the Graviton Theory entity focuses on the thermodynamic and statistical applications to the theories that were proposed in Parts One and Two. This analysis will look at gravitonic influences in black holes and during the Big Bang, as well as interacting gravitons in two extreme systems: as a boson gas and as a Bose-Einstein condensate. The analysis will also explore the thermodynamic and statistical influences on the nature and mechanics of gravitons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2989] viXra:1901.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 06:07:52

Double-Slit Experiment in a New Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

An international research team led by physicists from the University of Cologne has implemented a new variant of the basic double-slit experiment using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering at the European Synchrotron ESRF in Grenoble. [38] When molecules interact with the oscillating field of a laser, an instantaneous, time-dependent dipole is induced. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2988] viXra:1901.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 10:17:06

Molecules Interact with Laser

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

When molecules interact with the oscillating field of a laser, an instantaneous, time-dependent dipole is induced. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2987] viXra:1901.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 06:04:53

Quantum Materials for Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Some iron-based superconductors could benefit from a tuneup, according to two studies by Rice University physicists and collaborators. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23] An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have created the world's first quantum metamaterial that can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2986] viXra:1901.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 23:10:59

Space, Time and Quantum Mechanics: A Process Approach

Authors: Blazej Kot
Comments: 27 Pages. Previously published in Prespacetime Journal, December 2018, Volume 9, Issue 10, pp. 1018-1048

Since the time of Newton, physicists have imagined a background "stage" called space and time (later spacetime) permeating the entire universe. The contents of the world around us are then seen as objects embedded in this background at a defined location, and with a defined size and other properties (color, mass, spin etc.). We refer to this traditional view as the Objects in Space and Time (OST) model. It works very well for picturing classical physics; but once we move into the quantum domain it is no longer of much use. In the quantum realm objects no longer have defined locations at all times, their properties can become entangled and undefined until observed. In this paper, we seek to present an alternative to the OST model in which the "weirdness" of quantum phenomena goes away and is replaced by clarity, obviousness and inescapability. In this model the world is viewed as a network of fundamental processes by which indivisible units called tomas bring each other into and out of existence. We show that this model yields the same equations and predictions as the current OST-based formalism of quantum mechanics. While not contradicting the success of quantum theory, the toma model lets us get rid of the "weirdness" of the quantum world and understand reality at a deeper level than the OST model. We illustrate this by discussing two classic quantum experiments and their interpretations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2985] viXra:1901.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 07:58:39

Entropy Production in Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

"We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2984] viXra:1901.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 10:01:30

Quantum World for Business

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

With a new era of quantum technology beckoning, James McKenzie examines the opportunities it offers for business and industry. [23] With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2983] viXra:1901.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 11:36:02

Fixing Dirac Theory's Relativity and Correspondence Errors

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 12 Pages.

Dirac tied his relativistic quantum free-particle Hamiltonian to requiring space-time symmetry of the Schroedinger equation in configuration representation; he ignored Lorentz covariance of the particle's energy-momentum. Consequently, a Dirac free particle's velocity is independent of its momentum, breaching dynamical fundamentals. Dirac also made solutions of his equation satisfy the Klein-Gordon equation by imposing ten requirements on its operators; three of those fix the speed of Dirac particles to the unphysical value of c times the square root of three. Moreover, Dirac's six anticommutation operator requirements prevent such observables as velocity components from commuting when Planck's constant goes to zero, a correspondence-principle breach which is responsible for Dirac zitterbewegung spontaneous free-particle acceleration that becomes infinite when Planck's constant vanishes. Nonrelativistic Pauli theory is contrariwise physically sensible, and its particle rest-frame action can be extended to become Lorentz invariant. The consequent Lagrangian yields the corresponding closed-form relativistic Hamiltonian when magnetic field is absent, otherwise a successive-approximation regime applies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2982] viXra:1901.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 10:57:34

Evidence of Superconductivity Near Room Temperature

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers at the George Washington University have taken a major step toward reaching one of the most sought-after goals in physics: room temperature superconductivity. [41] NUS physicists have developed a methodology to control the electromigration of oxygen atoms in the buried interfaces of complex oxide materials for constructing high mobility oxide heterostructures. [40] This electronic super fluidity is a quantum state of matter, so it behaves in a very exotic way that is different from classical physics, Comin says. [39] The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2981] viXra:1901.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 11:06:48

Einstein – De Haas Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2980] viXra:1901.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 18:10:54

Close-Coupling: Generating Function and Fokker-Planck for Coherent Multilevel Cascades (Quantum Walks)

Authors: Mark Syrkin
Comments: 12 Pages.

Close-coupling in quantum systems induces cascade transitions that are not captured by simple perturbation theories and hence more relevant and complex methods are needed. However, the analytic tractability of the latter is limited to just a few highly stylized models, e.g. equidistant infinite systems. Showing that properly adjusted key modeling parameters enable an extension of analytic solutions across more realistic cases (e.g. non-uniform level spacing and finite and asymmetric boundary conditions) arising in various experimental set-ups. Also demonstrating that the Fokker-Planck approach applied to probability amplitudes rather than to probabilities themselves – the latter being a traditional kinetics approach – produces coarse-grained amplitudes “smoothed” over the fine structure of an exact solution and driven by lower order terms in the generating function. Models and results presented here naturally overlap with algorithms of Quantum Walks related to quantum computing studies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2979] viXra:1901.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:12:12

Interatomic Light Rectifier

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2978] viXra:1901.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 07:51:33

New Ways to Twist and Shift Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The results from the National Physical Laboratory's (NPL) latest research in photonics could open doors to new quantum technologies and telecoms systems. [36] Researchers of the Institute of Photonic Integration of the Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) have developed a 'hybrid technology' which shows the advantages of both light and magnetic hard drives. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2977] viXra:1901.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 04:36:17

Einstein's Theory of Gravity is Incorrect

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

It's obvious that Einstein's theory of gravity is unrealistic, but physicists fool themselves that it's realistic.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2976] viXra:1901.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 08:14:09

Intentionally Squashed Quantum Dots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Intentionally "squashing" colloidal quantum dots during chemical synthesis creates dots capable of stable, "blink-free" light emission that is fully comparable with the light produced by dots made with more complex processes. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems—donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2975] viXra:1901.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 16:16:53

Dirac's Equation (And the Alleged Fourth Dimension)

Authors: Leonardo Rubino
Comments: 5 Pages.

This is a proof that the d’Alembert’s Wave Equation, that of Schrodinger, of Klein-Gordon and of Dirac are all related one another and show the oscillation of the universe. Moreover, the Klein-Gordon’s Equation gives us a three dimensional interpretation of either all relativistic fourth components or the rest energy.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2974] viXra:1901.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 06:25:53

Dark Objects

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 3 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Dark objects are field excitations that are caused by point-shaped actuators. The carrier field reacts with shock fronts. The effect of these excitations is so tiny that in isolation these phenomena cannot be observed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2973] viXra:1901.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 09:17:53

Quantum Computer Like a Brain

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The human brain has amazing capabilities making it in many ways more powerful than the world's most advanced computers. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2972] viXra:1901.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 02:43:07

Heterostructure Interface Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

NUS physicists have developed a methodology to control the electromigration of oxygen atoms in the buried interfaces of complex oxide materials for constructing high mobility oxide heterostructures. [40] This electronic super fluidity is a quantum state of matter, so it behaves in a very exotic way that is different from classical physics, Comin says. [39] The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2971] viXra:1901.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 09:53:29

Feynman Diagrams of the QED Vacuum Polarization

Authors: Richard J. Mathar
Comments: 59 Pages.

The Feynman diagrams of Quantum Electrodynamics are assembled from vertices where three edges meet: an incoming fermion, an outgoing fermion and an interaction line. If all vertices are of degree 3, the graphs are 3-regular (cubic), defining the vacuum polarization diagrams. Cutting an edge -- a fermion line or an interaction line -- generates fairly cubic graphs where two vertices have degree 1. These emerge in the perturbation theory for the Green's function (self energy) and for the effective interaction (polarization). The manuscript plots these graphs for up to 8 internal vertices.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2970] viXra:1901.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 11:18:03

Spintronics Miracle Material

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2969] viXra:1901.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 11:56:27

Saving Energy Inside Transistors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2968] viXra:1901.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 07:49:28

3-D Photonic Topological Insulator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 92 Pages.

Physicists have also devised photonic topological insulators, synthetic materials that impart light waves with distinct topological features, allowing light (rather than electric currents) to flow via topological surface states. [53] "This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit—the fundamental computing element of quantum computers—they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba—a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm—has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2967] viXra:1901.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 10:26:45

Conversion of Photons from Particles to Linked Waves and Back: a Hypothesis

Authors: Bruce A. Lutgen
Comments: 3 Pages.

In microphysics, how do photons behave like both waves and particles? It is called wave-particle duality. The wave-particle duality inference would appear to be counter intuitive. Are waves really a cluster of particles, as is often stated, yet like the waves that radiate in a disturbed pool of water as is often demonstrated? The answer to wave-particle duality may lie through the following proposed solid torus or possibly ellipsoid ringform field explanation, which is derived in part using classical physics. A solid torus or ellipsoid ringform hypothesis is contrary to string theory and at least to some extent accepted particle physics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2966] viXra:1901.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 14:48:01

Toward Unification

Authors: Alexandre Neto
Comments: 9 Pages.

A universe based on a fully deterministic, Euclidean, 4-torus cellular automaton is presented using a constructive approach. Each cell contains one integer number forming bubble-like patterns propagating at the speed of light, interacting and being reissued constantly. The collective behavior of these integers is conjectured to form patterns similar to classical and quantum physics, including the mass spectrum. Although essentially non-local, it preserves the non-signaling principle. This flexible model predicts that gravity is not quantized. Being a causal theory, it can potentially explain the emergence of the classical world and macroscopic observers.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2965] viXra:1901.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 15:44:40

Spin½ 'plane' & Simple

Authors: David Colasante
Comments: 6 Pages.

To fully characterize any spin requires identification of its primary spin axis and its plane of rotation. Classical presumptions obscure both for “intrinsic” spin. Here, Euclidean interval-time coordinates literally 'lift the veil' of space to reveal it. Probability amplitude is also physically realized.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2964] viXra:1901.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 07:43:35

Quantum Optic Networks Reality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 100 Pages.

The ability to precisely control the interactions of light and matter at the nanoscale could help such a network transmit larger amounts of data more quickly and securely than an electrical network. [59] Researchers in Italy have demonstrated the feasibility of quantum communications between high-orbiting global navigation satellites and a ground station, with an exchange at the single photon level over a distance of 20,000km. [58] Living cells, regardless of the type, can be kept around for a long time and because they move constantly, can be photographed repeatedly to create new encryption keys. [57] A new electronic device can developed at the University of Michigan can directly model the behaviors of a synapse, which is a connection between two neurons. [56] "The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/computer/" computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2963] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 16:20:29

The Emperor Has no Clothes: a Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 60 Pages.

This voluminous paper organizes all of my previous viXra papers in one volume – which might become a book if my intended co-author (Ines Urdaneta) will manage to structure, rationalize and clean up.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2962] viXra:1901.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 09:37:03

Rovibrational Quantum State

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A central objective of chemical and molecular physics is to understand molecules as quantum mechanical systems. [30] After developing a method to control exciton flows at room temperature, EPFL scientists have discovered new properties of these quasiparticles that can lead to more energy-efficient electronic devices. [29] To build tomorrow's quantum computers, some researchers are turning to dark excitons, which are bound pairs of an electron and the absence of an electron called a hole. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2961] viXra:1901.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 07:04:33

Newer Holograhic Acoustic Tweezers (Hat)

Authors: George A Ranja
Comments: 53 Pages.

This newer holographic acoustic tweezers (HAT) system achieves simultaneous suspension of 2,500 objects in mid-air at the Max Planck Institute, making a new world record.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2960] viXra:1901.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 10:51:51

Can a Human Brain be a Quantum Computer?

Authors: Oleg Kupervasser, Roman Yavich
Comments: 8 Pages. presented at World Quantum Physics Congress 10-13 Dec 2018 (WQPC 2018) Stockholm, Sweden

This paper is based on the book (O. Kupervasser, Application of New Cybernetics in Physics, Elsevier, 2017). Human brain has very powerful intellect. Indeed, it seems that its intellectual possibilities are much more than possibilities of usual computers using genetic algorithm and random search (A.S. Potapov, Artificial Intellect and Universal Intelligence, Polytechnics, Saint Petersburg, 2012 (in Russian).). Our brain has also such especial property as consciousness. Some researchers suppose that these properties are a result of special structures of brain. Really, may be our brain is a quantum computer (R. Penrose, The Emperor’s New Mind, Oxford University Press, New York, 1989, R. Penrose, Shadows of the Mind, Oxford University Press, New York, 1994)? We know that a quantum computer is highly parallel device with principally insuperable protection from external observation. A quantum computer can resolve some tasks that are inaccessible for usual computers. However, it can be demonstrated that continuous unstable classical computer has the same properties as a quantum computer (O. Kupervasser, Application of New Cybernetics in Physics, Elsevier, 2017). Moreover, it seems that the main properties of a brain (powerful intellect and consciousness) can be explained by invisible correlation with surround world. Similarly, clock’s gear wheel very accurately operates in spite of absence of any intellect only because the gear wheel is a part of the highly correlated clock. We usually suppose that our world is some random set of low correlated events. However, the world, may be, is some highly correlated device (L. Susskind, J. Lindesay, An Introduction to Black Holes, Information and the String Theory Revolution: The Holographic Universe, World Scientific Publishing Company, 2004). And human beings are its “gear wheels”. It seems that Big Bang theory suppose such point of view. This pure philosophical reasonings can lead to some practical conclusions. We suppose to use instead of usual random search for computers some random number generators which are in complex correlations with surround world. It can give to computers some prototype of the such especial “human intuition”, described above.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2959] viXra:1901.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 02:38:41

A Contagious Error Voids Bell (1964), Etc.

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 4 Pages.

Elementary instance-tracking identifies a contagious error in Bell (1964). To wit, against his own advice: in failing to match instances, Bell voids his own conclusions. The contagion extends to CHSH (1969), Griffiths (1995), Peres (1995), Aspect (2004), etc.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2958] viXra:1901.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 07:47:18

Fast, Tiny Controllable Magnetic Bits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 97 Pages.

In separate papers published this month in the journals Nature Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, researchers in the group of MIT Professor Geoffrey S.D. Beach and colleagues in California, Germany, Switzerland, and Korea, showed that they can generate stable and fast moving skyrmions in specially formulated layered materials at room temperature, setting world records for size and speed. [53] Researchers from MIT and elsewhere have recorded, for the first time, the "temporal coherence" of a graphene qubit-meaning how long it can maintain a special state that allows it to represent two logical states simultaneously. [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit-the fundamental computing element of quantum computers-they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba-a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm-has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2957] viXra:1901.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 08:10:20

Quantum Spin Liquid Pathway

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

With potential roles in quantum computation, high-temperature superconductivity and a range of exotic anyonic states, why quantum spin liquids (QSLs) attract interest is no great mystery. [31] Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson. [30] Electrons in graphene-an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike-move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2956] viXra:1901.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 09:18:53

Excitons for Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

After developing a method to control exciton flows at room temperature, EPFL scientists have discovered new properties of these quasiparticles that can lead to more energy-efficient electronic devices. [29] To build tomorrow's quantum computers, some researchers are turning to dark excitons, which are bound pairs of an electron and the absence of an electron called a hole. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19] The cutting edge of data storage research is working at the level of individual atoms and molecules, representing the ultimate limit of technological miniaturisation. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2955] viXra:1901.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 10:23:00

Hidden Spin for High-Temperature Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Now, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have unveiled a clue into the cuprates' unusual properties—and the answer lies within an unexpected source: the electron spin. [40] This electronic super fluidity is a quantum state of matter, so it behaves in a very exotic way that is different from classical physics, Comin says. [39] The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38] Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have carried out high-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering and have found that high uniaxial pressure induces a long-range charge order competing with superconductivity. [37] Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors-materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss-have entered a new regime. [36] Now, in independent studies reported in Science and Nature, scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University report two important advances: They measured collective vibrations of electrons for the first time and showed how collective interactions of the electrons with other factors appear to boost superconductivity. [35] At the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a group, led by Jimmy Williams, is working to develop new circuitry that could host such exotic states. [34] The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2954] viXra:1901.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 00:45:19

Theory of Natural Ontology: 2. Horizon Generators and Superphase Evolutions

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 26 Pages.

Applying neutrally to everything of being in physical states, this manuscript gives birth to a newborn scientific theory of Natural Ontology, which is scoped at Superphase Dynamics and developed for horizon infrastructure of physical world with principles of evolutional events or classically known as dark energy. As the groundbreaking, it reveals exceptional intrinsics of the universe, prevailing over and unifying with modern physics of Gauge Theory, Quantum physics of Electrodynamics and Chromodynamics, Spontaneous Field Breaking, Standard Model, cosmology, and beyond, orchestrating all types of life events essential to the operations and processes of creation, annihilations, reproduction and communication for physical formations and virtual evolutions. 


Category: Quantum Physics

[2953] viXra:1901.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 07:42:22

Quantum Computer for Quantum Chemistry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Among many important and fundamental issues in science, solving the Schroedinger equation (SE) of atoms and molecules is one of the ultimate goals in chemistry, physics and their related fields. [36] The standard approach to building a quantum computer with majoranas as building blocks is to convert them into qubits. However, a promising application of quantum computing-quantum chemistry-would require these qubits to be converted again into so-called fermions. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2952] viXra:1901.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 08:08:27

Photonic Integrated Circuits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

The transition from electronic integrated circuits to faster, more energy-efficient and interference-free optical circuits is one of the most important goals in the development of photon technologies. [26] With novel optoelectronic chips and a new partnership with a top silicon-chip manufacturer, MIT spinout Ayar Labs aims to increase speed and reduce energy consumption in computing, starting with data centers. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2951] viXra:1901.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 10:09:58

Ultrathin Digital Camera

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 88 Pages.

The ultrathin digital camera offers a wide field of view and high resolution in a slimmer body compared to existing imaging systems. [50] The special feature of the Kiel system is its extremely high temporal resolution of 13 femtoseconds. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2950] viXra:1901.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 00:54:59

Acoustic Plank Units Derived to Friedmann Units Incorporating Hubble Expansion & Photon Extinction Radius

Authors: David E. Fuller, Dahl Winters, Ruud Loeffen
Comments: 3 Pages.

ACOUSTIC Plank Units derived to Friedmann Units incorporating Hubble Expansion & Photon Extinction Radius of 13.888 billion light years Minkowski Spatial geometry & the Lorentz Transformation are Inadequate as they produce a Photon that travels Eternally, Ignoring Hubble Red Shift.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2949] viXra:1901.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 01:53:17

Lifetime of Graphene Qubits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 92 Pages.

Researchers from MIT and elsewhere have recorded, for the first time, the "temporal coherence" of a graphene qubit-meaning how long it can maintain a special state that allows it to represent two logical states simultaneously. [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit-the fundamental computing element of quantum computers-they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba-a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm-has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2948] viXra:1812.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-30 10:08:37

Topological LC Circuits Transporting EM Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

NIMS has succeeded in fabricating topological LC circuits arranged in a honeycomb pattern where electromagnetic (EM) waves can propagate without backscattering, even when pathways turn sharply. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2947] viXra:1812.0486 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-30 14:03:47

Quantum-Mechanical Analysis of the Wave–Particle Duality from the Position of PQS.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
Comments: 8 Pages.

The wave-particle duality of elementary particles is analyzed using the principle of quantum superposition (PQS). It is shown that the elementary particle can no longer be regarded as a corpuscle (or as a material point), but also it cannot be regarded as a wave. A real elementary particle, for example, an electron, is a phenomenon of a higher level in which both the corpuscle and the wave are only particular manifestations of the complex internal structure of the particle. Using the oscillation hypothesis of Louis de Broglie (together with the principle of PQS), an elementary particle can be represented as an oscillator, in which the kinetic and potential energy completely transform into each other with a certain frequency.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2946] viXra:1812.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-30 16:05:22

A Mechanism for Propulsion Without the Reactive Ejection of Matter or Energy

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 9 Pages.

This paper updates earlier thoughts by the author on a putative propulsion system. The concept was based around static electromagnetic momentum, as expounded in the “Feynman Disk” and experimentally verified by Graham and Lahoz. That said, naïve static electromagnetic momentum schemes to achieve linear translation are defeated by “hidden momentum” mechanisms, so too are simple arrangements just cycling the fields; we shall survey the flaws in their arguments. It may however be possible to achieve linear translation by means of arrangements of torques with a novel mechanism to break the symmetry of forces (or torques) on the second half of the cycle as the field is switched off. At the time of earlier presentation no mechanism could be found to explain the momentum balance for the process but it was believed that momentum was being given to the zero-point of the field. We show that it is possible to dump angular momentum and thence linear momentum to the ground state by standard quantum analysis of the EM field. None of this violates the conservation of momenergy.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2945] viXra:1812.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-31 03:21:23

A Classical Interpretation of Quantum Electrodynamics (Qed)

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 13 Pages.

This paper summarizes our papers over the past years which – taken together – effectively amount to a classical interpretation of QED. Our very first paper started exploring a basic intuition: if QED is the theory of electrons and photons, and their interactions, then why is there no good model of what electrons and photons actually are? We have tried to address this perceived gap in the theory – further building on the Zitterbewegung model of an electron – ever since. We thought we should write one final paper to provide some history – acknowledgements, basically – and summarize the key principles of the interpretation.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2944] viXra:1812.0472 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-30 00:04:34

Grasp the New Image of the Spin Angular Momentum

Authors: Satoshi Hanamura
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper presents a new image of the angular momentum of electrons that could not have clear images until now. As the movement of electrons is similar to a Slinky, we would proceed with a discussion following the movement of the Slinky. Then, the influence of the spin angular momentum due to the magnetic field gradient would be in the slinky motion which travels down the stairway inclined toward the advancing direction. Using the contents of the paper of the previous work, we extend the model to a particle which makes a single virtual photon oscillate at a linear motion toward one direction moving. All the mass energy of electrons is thermal potential energy, and particles having this energy are spinor particles. This particle emits all the energy by radiation and the total released energy is absorbed by the paired spinor particles. This transfer of energy radiation is done by a virtual photon enveloping spinor particles. Assuming that one electron particle composite composed of these three particles, 1) Emitter, 2) Absorber and 3) Transmitter, the electron could be discretely moved like Slinky.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2943] viXra:1812.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 07:24:14

Hybrid Qubits Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 90 Pages.

By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit-the fundamental computing element of quantum computers-they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba-a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm-has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2942] viXra:1812.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 08:57:59

Spintronics Rashba Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2941] viXra:1812.0463 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 09:23:00

Light-Induced Motion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

A tightly focused, circularly polarized spatially phase-modulated beam of light formed an optical ring trap. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2940] viXra:1812.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-29 00:39:16

A Classical Explanation for the One-Photon Mach-Zehnder Experiment

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 15 Pages.

In previous papers, we tried to show that the lack of an agreed-upon model of the electron may have contributed to an extraordinary convoluted explanation of the anomalous magnetic moment of an electron. We also suggested a classical electron model (the Zitterbewegung or the Dirac-Kerr-Newman model) may explain what is going on. The next logical step, of course, was to re-explore the classical idea of a photon to check if it can do what John Stewart Bell said cannot be done, and that is to explain interference at the level of a single photon. We think we have a classical explanation in this paper. If Mr. Bell was right, we must be wrong – we should be – but we don’t see why.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2939] viXra:1812.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-27 08:52:35

Electron Behavior During Chemical Reactions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 89 Pages.

In a recent publication in Science, researchers at the University of Paderborn and the Fritz Haber Institute Berlin demonstrated their ability to observe electrons' movements during a chemical reaction. [50] The special feature of the Kiel system is its extremely high temporal resolution of 13 femtoseconds. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2938] viXra:1812.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-27 23:44:20

Please: What’s Wrong with This Refutation of Bell’s Famous Inequality?

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 2 Pages.

Elementary algebra refutes Bell’s famous inequality conclusively.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2937] viXra:1812.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-26 04:22:35

Testing QED: The Other Game in Town

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: No. of pages includes title page

The measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment and its theoretical explanation in terms of perturbative quantum electrodynamics (QED) are always presented as the ‘high-precision test’ in (modern) quantum electrodynamics. This paper argues an explanation in terms of the classical Zitterbewegung or – preferably – the Dirac-Kerr-Newman electron model might be possible. Indeed, the author of the latter model (Burinskii, 2016) has updated it to incorporate the most recent theoretical developments – which include compatibility with the supersymmetric Higgs field theory and string theory based on the Landau-Ginzburg (LG) field model. However, as far as we can see, his model does reduce to the classical Zitterbewegung model in the classical limit (i.e. when assuming only general relativity and classical electromagnetism). As Dirac noted, a direct verification of these models is not possible because of the very high frequency of the oscillatory motion (the zbw charge moves at the speed of light) and the very small amplitude (the Compton radius). However, logic tells us that the form factor that comes out of the Dirac-Kerr-Newman model can easily be used in models that do not involve micro-motion at the speed of light. In other words, we should be able to indirectly verify whether these models make sense or not by inserting the form factor in models that involve relativistically slow motion of an electron around a nucleus (atomic orbitals) or – in this particular case – the motion of an electron in a Penning trap. Even if the results would only remotely explain the anomaly, we would still have achieved two very significant scientific breakthroughs. First, it would show that these seemingly irrelevant micro-models can be validated externally. More importantly, it would prove that an alternative (classical) explanation of the anomalous magnetic moment would be possible.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2936] viXra:1812.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-24 14:54:09

A Major Solution to Newton's Search May Mark the Future of Space Travel

Authors: Savior F. Eason
Comments: 64 Pages. Some claims in this paper have not been proven or fully studied, though thorough extensive testing has proven most true. Take some claims with a grain of salt

3x2(9yz)4a^inf(A)*(R)<=>RSF That is the solution to an infamous thought experiment posited by scientist Dr. Ivan Axes as a rebuke to einstein's theories, as provided "theoretical proof" in 1955 that einstein was incorrect in his equations of energy and time, and that newton's assessment of absolute time and seperate space were both still correct. The thought experiment explained how perception could not define one's temporal state or arrow based on well-proven laws of physics. The thought experiment is not really taken seriously among scientists today, mainly because einstein's equations are so well-proven and supported by actual physical tests the thought experiment was established as irrelevant long ago. However, upon further investigation, I believe this thought experiment has more meat to it than previously thought, and I developed an equation proposing how an n-dimensional field of hypermass in which space-time function differently would create a new form of kinetic energy, which would not only explain away dark energy, but could, with the correct technology, take us across the observable universe and far beyond, a sci-fi like acheivement once restricted to the realm of dreams and science-fiction writing. This papers discusses more on my fissured gen-mortaic science work, this theory, and it's possible applications in just decades, making a star wars-like civilization once millenia away a reality for our grandchildren, in a 64 pages long postulation of this formula and an accompanying thought experiment for the holidays.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2935] viXra:1812.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-25 02:08:31

Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 8 Pages.

Here we present the physical side of the quantum mechanics (QM) that emerges from the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). We showed that the quantum superposition is misinterpreted. The key to understand QM is the difference between quantum coherence and quantum entanglement. We as well explained what conditions and structures lead to relativistic invariants such as electric charge and spin, and how this affects the superposition.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2934] viXra:1812.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-22 06:09:05

Cameras Captures Motions of Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 87 Pages.

The special feature of the Kiel system is its extremely high temporal resolution of 13 femtoseconds. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2933] viXra:1812.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 11:00:22

Dance Between Light and Sound

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Light and high-frequency acoustic sound waves in a tiny glass structure can strongly couple to one another and perform a dance in step. [21] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, ETH Zurich, and Argonne National Laboratory, U.S, have described an extended quantum Maxwell's demon, a device locally violating the second law of thermodynamics in a system located one to five meters away from the demon. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18] Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating-something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2932] viXra:1812.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 11:17:56

Quantum Tricks Unveil the Secret

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

TU Wien (Vienna) and several research groups from China have now developed new ideas and implemented them in an experiment. [22] Light and high-frequency acoustic sound waves in a tiny glass structure can strongly couple to one another and perform a dance in step. [21] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, ETH Zurich, and Argonne National Laboratory, U.S, have described an extended quantum Maxwell's demon, a device locally violating the second law of thermodynamics in a system located one to five meters away from the demon. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18] Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating-something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2931] viXra:1812.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 11:55:33

Eccentric Quantum Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

There's an oddball in most families, but Rice University physicist Emilia Morosan has discovered an entire clan of eccentric compounds that could help explain the mysterious electronic and magnetic workings of other quantum materials engineers are eying for next-generation computers and electronics. [23] TU Wien (Vienna) and several research groups from China have now developed new ideas and implemented them in an experiment. [22] Light and high-frequency acoustic sound waves in a tiny glass structure can strongly couple to one another and perform a dance in step. [21] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, ETH Zurich, and Argonne National Laboratory, U.S, have described an extended quantum Maxwell's demon, a device locally violating the second law of thermodynamics in a system located one to five meters away from the demon. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18] Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating-something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2930] viXra:1812.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 13:16:24

Coolest Experiment in the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Nothing in nature is known to hit the temperatures achieved in laboratories like CAL, which means the orbiting facility is regularly the coldest known spot in the universe. [24] There's an oddball in most families, but Rice University physicist Emilia Morosan has discovered an entire clan of eccentric compounds that could help explain the mysterious electronic and magnetic workings of other quantum materials engineers are eying for next-generation computers and electronics. [23] TU Wien (Vienna) and several research groups from China have now developed new ideas and implemented them in an experiment. [22] Light and high-frequency acoustic sound waves in a tiny glass structure can strongly couple to one another and perform a dance in step. [21] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, ETH Zurich, and Argonne National Laboratory, U.S, have described an extended quantum Maxwell's demon, a device locally violating the second law of thermodynamics in a system located one to five meters away from the demon. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18] Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating-something that is impossible in classical physics. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2929] viXra:1812.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 13:33:46

Glimpse of Flat Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

One reason is that flat landscapes can unlock new movement patterns in the quantum world of atoms and electrons. [25] Nothing in nature is known to hit the temperatures achieved in laboratories like CAL, which means the orbiting facility is regularly the coldest known spot in the universe. [24] There's an oddball in most families, but Rice University physicist Emilia Morosan has discovered an entire clan of eccentric compounds that could help explain the mysterious electronic and magnetic workings of other quantum materials engineers are eying for next-generation computers and electronics. [23] TU Wien (Vienna) and several research groups from China have now developed new ideas and implemented them in an experiment. [22] Light and high-frequency acoustic sound waves in a tiny glass structure can strongly couple to one another and perform a dance in step. [21] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, ETH Zurich, and Argonne National Laboratory, U.S, have described an extended quantum Maxwell's demon, a device locally violating the second law of thermodynamics in a system located one to five meters away from the demon. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18] Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. [17]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2928] viXra:1812.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 15:32:02

Green is the Midst of the Whole Electromagnetic Spectrum

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

If green is the midst of the electromagnetic spectrum then the other two colors blue and red are the beginning and end as in the past and future and so green is the present time
Category: Quantum Physics

[2927] viXra:1812.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-22 05:09:56

Programmable Photonic Molecule

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 84 Pages.

Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2926] viXra:1812.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-22 05:32:23

High-Capacity Data Transmission

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 86 Pages.

For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2925] viXra:1812.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 05:42:31

New Equation of Motion of an Electron: the Covariance of Self-action

Authors: Xiaowen Tong
Comments: Pages.

It is well known that our knowledge about the radiation reaction of an electron in classical electrodynamics is unambiguous, but the self-action is not. The latter corresponds to an electromagnetic mass which is not relativistically covariant. In this paper we first derive a new formula for energy density of electrostatic fields. By establishing a delay coordinate system, a classical equation of motion of an electron is then obtained based on the conservation of energy and momentum. Finally we calculate the self-energy of an electron in quantum electrodynamics and find that it merely leads to an additional mass of the electron. Thus the covariance of the self-action is proved without altering classical electrodynamics but with a direct cut-off imposed on the integral of the self-energy. The detail that the self-action becomes covariant in quantum electrodynamics is unknown. However, the interaction energy of an electron interacting with vacuum fluctuations can be easily calculated by assuming that every mode of the radiation fields is occupied by one real photon. Making use of all the results we obtain a semi-classical and covariant equation of motion of an electron.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2924] viXra:1812.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 09:35:00

Quantum Maxwell's Demon Entropy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, ETH Zurich, and Argonne National Laboratory, U.S, have described an extended quantum Maxwell's demon, a device locally violating the second law of thermodynamics in a system located one to five meters away from the demon. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18] Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating-something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2923] viXra:1812.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 10:24:52

Electromagnetic Wave Breakthrough

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2922] viXra:1812.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 08:59:22

Quantum Superposition Measures

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 94 Pages.

Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2921] viXra:1812.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 09:12:08

Connect Quantum and Classical Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 96 Pages.

Physicists from Skoltech have invented a new method for calculating the dynamics of large quantum systems. Underpinned by a combination of quantum and classical modeling, the method has been successfully applied to nuclear magnetic resonance in solids. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2920] viXra:1812.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 15:20:04

Hubble Constant, CMBR, Fine Structure Constant & Friedmann Density Parameters

Authors: David E. Fuller, Ruud Loeffen
Comments: 2 Pages.

Hubble Constant, CMBR, Fine Structure Constant & Friedmann Density Parameters ((((7.04370151e+4 * (m / s)) / (1 Mpc)) / (160.4589 GHz)) / G) * (6.5248935 * (kg^(-1)) * (m / s)) * (c^2) * (8 s) = 1 7.04370151e+4 / (6.5248935 / (2pi)) = 67827.7459024 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubble%27s_law#Observed_values_of_the_Hubble_constant (((7.04370151e+4 * (m / s)) / (1 Mpc)) / (160.4589 GHz)) * (hbar / planck length) * (4 (s / (m^4))) = 3.71295774e-28 kg / m^3 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedmann_equations#Density_parameter
Category: Quantum Physics

[2919] viXra:1812.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 16:05:25

The Electromagnetic Wave is in Past Presence and Future

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

The electromagnetic wave lives in the past presence and future for example when we look at an electromagnetic wave we find that it has peaks and troughs the peaks represents the future as in the electromagnetic wave the height of peaks is how much does the electromagnetic wave wants to travel to the future and then there is the length of troughs where the electromagnetic wave lives in the past now when an electromagnetic wave has small heights of peaks and troughs that means they are living in the present time more than having the need to live in the past or the future
Category: Quantum Physics

[2918] viXra:1812.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 04:00:59

Global Quantum Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 98 Pages.

Researchers in Italy have demonstrated the feasibility of quantum communications between high-orbiting global navigation satellites and a ground station, with an exchange at the single photon level over a distance of 20,000km. [58] Living cells, regardless of the type, can be kept around for a long time and because they move constantly, can be photographed repeatedly to create new encryption keys. [57] A new electronic device can developed at the University of Michigan can directly model the behaviors of a synapse, which is a connection between two neurons. [56] "The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/computer/" computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2917] viXra:1812.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 04:51:07

(Esr Version 1.0 6 Pages 20.12.2018) an Extended Special Relativity (Esr) Containing a Set of Universal Equivalence Principles and Predicting a Quantized Spacetime

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper proposes an extended Special relativity (eSR) containing a set of universal equivalence principles (UEPs), offering an alternative interpretation of the universal physical constants and predicting a "digital"/quantized spacetime, together with the possible existence of superluminal gravitons and a set of maximum speeds (in perfect vacuum) for each type of elementary particle. Keywords: extended Special relativity (eSR), universal equivalence principles (UEPs); universal physical constants; “digital”/quantized spacetime; superluminal gravitons; set of maximum speeds (in perfect vacuum)
Category: Quantum Physics

[2916] viXra:1812.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 05:07:02

(Ezeh Article-Like Preprint Version 1.0 8 Pages 12.12.2018) an Extended Zero-Energy Hypothesis Predicting the Existence of Negative-Energy Gravitons and Possibly Explaining the Accelerated Expansion of Our Universe

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper proposes an extended (e) zero-energy hypothesis (eZEH) starting from the “classical” speculative zero-energy universe hypothesis (ZEUH) (first proposed by physicist Pascual Jordan), which mainly states that the total amount of energy in our universe is exactly zero: its amount of positive energy (in the form of matter and radiation) is exactly canceled out by its negative energy (in the form of gravity). eZEH “pushes” ZEUH “to its quantum limits” and generates some new predictions: (1) the existence of multiple types of negative-energy gravitons; (2) a strong quantum gravitational field acting at very small subatomic length scales (which is measured by a quantum strong gravitational constant and which is predicted to make Hawking radiation very improbable to form at the first place); (3) a (macrocosmic) black hole Casimir effect which may explain the accelerated expansion of our universe etc. Keywords: the zero-energy universe hypothesis (ZEUH); an extended zero-energy hypothesis (eZEH); quantum vacuum; negative-energy graviton; quantum strong gravitational constant; Hawking radiation; black hole Casimir effect; accelerated expansion of our universe.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2915] viXra:1812.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-18 17:26:08

Comment on Aspect's Experiment: Classical Interpretation

Authors: Kazufumi Sakai
Comments: 6 Pages. Journal for Foundations and Applications of Physics, vol. 6, No. 1 (2019)

Quantum mechanics was the foundation for physics in the 20th century and its mysterious world has presented various unique effects beyond human understanding. In particular, Aspect’s experiment and Bell’s inequality suggest a non-local interaction causing wave packet reduction, and are regarded as evidence for quantum mechanics’ validity. This short paper reconsiders the electric field of entangled light and Aspect’s experiment in terms of classical theory and shows that the experimental results can be explained equally as well.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2914] viXra:1812.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 09:47:06

On-Demand Photons from Quantum Dots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A team of researchers from Austria, Italy and Sweden has successfully demonstrated teleportation using on-demand photons from quantum dots. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2913] viXra:1812.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 23:50:20

Fluid State of the Electromagnetic Field

Authors: Vu B Ho
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this work we discuss the nature of the electromagnetic field and show, by using Maxwell field equations, that its steady state is a fluid state. Similar to the fluid state of Dirac quantum particles that we discussed in our previous work, the quantum particles of an electromagnetic field, i.e. photons, can be formulated in terms of velocity potentials and stream functions in three dimensions in which the electric field and magnetic field are identified with the velocity fields of the fluid flows.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2912] viXra:1812.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-18 04:34:58

Material Harness Power of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Scientists have long known that synthetic materials-called metamaterials-can manipulate electromagnetic waves such as visible light to make them behave in ways that cannot be found in nature. [31] A team of researchers from Austria, Italy and Sweden has successfully demonstrated teleportation using on-demand photons from quantum dots. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2911] viXra:1812.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-16 11:30:25

Laser-Pointing Data Transmit

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

A new laser-pointing platform developed at MIT may help launch miniature satellites into the high-rate data game. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2910] viXra:1812.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 03:33:50

The Meaning of the Fine-Structure Constant

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 22 Pages.

Following a series of papers on geometric interpretations of the wavefunction, this paper offers an overview of all of them. If anything, it shows that classical physics goes a long way in explaining so-called quantum-mechanical phenomena. It is suggested that the fine-structure constant can be interpreted as a scaling constant in a layered model of electron motion. Instead of one single wave equation explaining it all, we offer a theory of superposed motions based on the fine-structure constant, which we interpret as a scaling constant. The layers are the following: 1. To explain the electron’s rest mass, we use the Zitterbewegung model. Here, we think of the electron as a pointlike charge (no internal structure or motion) with zero rest mass, and (1) its two-dimensional oscillation, (2) the E/m = c2 = a2ω2 elasticity of spacetime and (3) Planck’s quantum of action (h) explain the rest mass: it is just the equivalent mass of the energy in the oscillation. 2. We then have the Bohr model, which shows orbitals pack the same amount of physical action (h). It just packs that amount in a much larger loop (the 1st Bohr orbital) which – of course – then also packs a different amount of energy. As it turns out, the equivalent energy (E = h·f) is equal to α2mc2. Hence, the fine-structure constant effectively pops up as scaling constant here. 3. Finally, we detail the coupling between the motion in the Larmor precession and the orbital motion. there is a feedback loop there because the Larmor precession causes the magnetic moment (and angular momentum) of the orbital electron to change. Hence, the Larmor frequency must change too. It is, therefore, not a coincidence that the fine-structure constant pops up again to explain the so-called anomaly – which is not an anomaly at all: it is just the third layer in the motion.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2909] viXra:1812.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-15 15:21:51

Natuurkundig Scheppingsverhaal

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 4 Pages. Dit behoort to het Hilbert Boek Model Project

De fundamentele beschouwing van de fysieke werkelijkheid leidt al gauw tot een scheppingsverhaal, waarin het hele verloop van de schepping van wat er in het heelal voorkomt wordt verteld.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2908] viXra:1812.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-15 15:23:42

Physical Creation Story

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 4 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The fundamental consideration of physical reality quickly leads to a story of creation, in which the whole course of creation of what occurs in the universe is told.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2907] viXra:1812.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 07:34:37

Quantum Networking Future

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

A scientist involved in expanding quantum communication to a network of users, is continuing his work at the University of Bristol. [33] In recent years, nanofabricated mechanical oscillators have emerged as a promising platform for quantum information applications. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2906] viXra:1812.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 01:59:30

What is Anomalous about the Anomalous Magnetic Moment?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper explores the geometry of the experiments measuring the anomalous magnetic moment. It is argued that there is nothing anomalous about it. The Larmor precession invalidates the usual substitution that is made for the gyromagnetic ratio of the precessional motion. In fact, if the substitution is made, one gets a value of 1/2 instead of zero. We should, therefore, not wonder why the anomalous magnetic moment is not equal to zero, but why it is so nearly zero.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2905] viXra:1812.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 02:46:32

God Does not Play Dice.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 2 Pages. For further research.

Age old debate on whether God play dice or not can be resolved by re structuring Quantum Physics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2904] viXra:1812.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 03:35:24

Stretched Quantum Magnetism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

By studying ultracold atoms trapped in artificial crystals of light, Guillaume Salomon, a postdoc at the Max-Planck-Institute of Quantum Optics and a team of scientists have been able to directly observe a fundamental effect of one-dimensional quantum systems. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2903] viXra:1812.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 06:10:22

Copper Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 90 Pages.

Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2902] viXra:1812.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 08:40:36

Quantum Computing a Decade Away

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 92 Pages.

Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2901] viXra:1812.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 09:48:46

Advanced Photon Source Upgrade

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

A longstanding problem in optics holds that an improved resolution in imaging is offset by a loss in the depth of focus. Now, scientists are joining computation with X-ray imaging as they develop a new and exciting technique to bypass this limitation. [25] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have successfully generated controlled electron pulses in the attosecond range. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23] A team of researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Science and Technology of China has developed a chip that allows for two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons on a physical device. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20] For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2900] viXra:1812.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 03:04:57

New Device Questions Quantum Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 91 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy—a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2899] viXra:1812.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 01:39:33

A Geometric Interpretation of Schrödinger’s Wave Equation

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: No. of pages excludes title page and references

Following a series of papers on a geometric interpretation of the wavefunction, this paper offers a geometric interpretation of the wave equation itself. It interprets Schrödinger’s equation as a differential equation for elliptical orbitals. As such, it complements a revised Rutherford-Bohr model which is also based on the assumption that – if electron orbitals would be actual orbitals – they would be elliptical rather than circular. Keywords: Bohr model, Schrödinger’s equation, rest matter oscillation, electron orbitals, wavefunction interpretations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2898] viXra:1812.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 09:04:59

First Optical Microchip

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 89 Pages.

The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2897] viXra:1812.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 10:44:07

Relation Between Mass & Time and Electromagnetic Wave & Distance

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

If distance and time are related somehow then they encompass the relation between electromagnetic waves and masses that being the mass is related to time and electromagnetic waves are related to distance
Category: Quantum Physics

[2896] viXra:1812.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 11:08:39

Gravity Effect on Electromagnetic Waves

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

The electromagnetic waves get less oscillations and more wavelength when they undergo the effect of gravitation thus losing energy
Category: Quantum Physics

[2895] viXra:1812.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 05:50:45

光速极限的秘密

Authors: Liu Ran
Comments: 4 Pages.

光速唯一定理:宇宙空间由离散的普朗克空间组成,粒子只能在一个普朗克时间从一个普朗克空间跳到另一个普朗克空间,速度就是光速。光速是宇宙中唯一的运动速度,其它亚光速是光速和普朗克时间组合而生成的,没有超光速的组合。所有粒子要么以光速运动,要么以零速静止。
Category: Quantum Physics

[2894] viXra:1812.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 07:29:14

Atoms Stand for High-Temperature Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38] Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have carried out high-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering and have found that high uniaxial pressure induces a long-range charge order competing with superconductivity. [37] Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors—materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss—have entered a new regime. [36] Now, in independent studies reported in Science and Nature, scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University report two important advances: They measured collective vibrations of electrons for the first time and showed how collective interactions of the electrons with other factors appear to boost superconductivity. [35] At the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a group, led by Jimmy Williams, is working to develop new circuitry that could host such exotic states. [34] The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2893] viXra:1812.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 08:24:17

Spin-Based Memory Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 87 Pages.

A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44] There's little doubt the information technology revolution has improved our lives. But unless we find a new form of electronic technology that uses less energy, computing will become limited by an "energy crunch" within decades. [43]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2892] viXra:1812.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 08:51:21

Nonlinearity for Wireless Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 88 Pages.

The nonlinear characteristics of metamaterials have displayed emerging potentials for frequency conversions owing to the induced local fields around the resonators. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2891] viXra:1812.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 03:49:03

Molecules with Extreme X-Rays

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality—a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2890] viXra:1812.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 04:11:16

Spin Orbit Coupling in Silicon

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 88 Pages.

Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44] There's little doubt the information technology revolution has improved our lives. But unless we find a new form of electronic technology that uses less energy, computing will become limited by an "energy crunch" within decades. [43]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2889] viXra:1812.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 04:47:46

Blind Spot in Atomic Force

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 90 Pages.

Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy—a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2888] viXra:1812.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 05:15:25

Holographic Display and Encryption

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Holography is a powerful tool that can reconstruct wavefronts of light and combine the fundamental wave properties of amplitude, phase, polarization, wave vector and frequency. [35] Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality—a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2887] viXra:1812.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 07:25:54

Unexplored Territory in Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors—materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss—have entered a new regime. [36] Now, in independent studies reported in Science and Nature, scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University report two important advances: They measured collective vibrations of electrons for the first time and showed how collective interactions of the electrons with other factors appear to boost superconductivity. [35] At the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a group, led by Jimmy Williams, is working to develop new circuitry that could host such exotic states. [34] The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2886] viXra:1812.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 07:47:56

Competing States in High-Temperature Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have carried out high-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering and have found that high uniaxial pressure induces a long-range charge order competing with superconductivity. [37] Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors—materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss—have entered a new regime. [36] Now, in independent studies reported in Science and Nature, scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University report two important advances: They measured collective vibrations of electrons for the first time and showed how collective interactions of the electrons with other factors appear to boost superconductivity. [35] At the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a group, led by Jimmy Williams, is working to develop new circuitry that could host such exotic states. [34] The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2885] viXra:1812.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 08:27:36

Interaction Between Two Qubits Using Photons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2884] viXra:1812.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 19:14:46

A Hybrid Model of Matter and Antimatter

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

an attempt to reconcile two seemingly incompatible concepts: General Relativity and the Standard Model via temporal elasticity
Category: Quantum Physics

[2883] viXra:1812.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 04:07:13

Ferent Equation of the Universe

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 263 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Ferent equation of the Universe:” Adrian Ferent Today ordinary Matter, which includes atoms, stars, galaxies… accounts for only 15% of the contents of the Universe and 85% is Dark Matter. This means Dark Matter accounts for most of the matter in the Universe. Dark Matter neither emits nor absorbs electromagnetic radiation. Ordinary Matter is composed of elementary particles. “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for N elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent I consider M, the number of Dark Matter elementary particles, in the Universe. M is the number of Dark Matter elementary particles in Dark Matter and Matter in the Universe. The Universe as a quantum system! The time-dependent Ferent equation of the Universe, which gives a description of the Universe as a quantum system, made of Matter, N elementary particles, and Dark Matter, M elementary particles, evolving in time. 157. I am the first who discovered the Ferent equation of the Universe:
Category: Quantum Physics

[2882] viXra:1812.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 03:00:05

Ferent Equation for N Elementary Particles

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 261 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Ferent equation for N elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent A quantum system involves the wave function. The wave function is the most complete description that can be given of a quantum system. The evolution of N elementary particles quantum system is governed through the Ferent equation for N elementary particles. “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity, Gravitation gives mass to the elementary particles” Adrian Ferent That is why: The Higgs mechanism doesn't explains the source of any masses, the Higgs mechanism is not a mechanism for generating mass. “The Ferent mechanism: the interaction energy of gravitons emitted by Dark Matter gives mass to the elementary particles” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for elementary particle, made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Unification between Matter and Dark Matter!” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for N elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent 156. I am the first who discovered the Ferent equation for N elementary particles
Category: Quantum Physics

[2881] viXra:1812.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 03:29:36

Who Needs Wave Equations?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: No. of pages excludes title page and references

This paper further explores a dual interpretation of the Uncertainty Principle as applied to the classical Rutherford-Bohr calculations of the geometry of the hydrogen electron orbitals. It shows the Rutherford-Bohr model has some advantages over the quantum-mechanical model (Schrödinger’s equation for the hydrogen atom). As such, it basically continues a development started in my previous paper (http://vixra.org/abs/1812.0028). What is novel in this paper is the exploration of the mathematical equivalence between both models.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2880] viXra:1812.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 07:29:36

Quantum Materials as Computing Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44] There's little doubt the information technology revolution has improved our lives. But unless we find a new form of electronic technology that uses less energy, computing will become limited by an "energy crunch" within decades. [43] Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have recently succeeded in boosting the storage time of quantum information, using a small glass container filled with room temperature atoms, taking an important step towards a secure quantum encoded distribution network. [42] New work by a team at the University of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics has uncovered fundamental limits on the quantum operations which can be carried out with postselection. [41] The experimental investigation of ultracold quantum matter makes it possible to study quantum mechanical phenomena that are otherwise inaccessible. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2879] viXra:1812.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 10:43:20

Building Block in Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 83 Pages.

Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2878] viXra:1812.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 09:23:09

Force of the Vacuum

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

Scientists from the Theory Department of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL) in Hamburg, Germany have shown through theoretical calculations and computer simulations that the force between electrons and lattice distortions in an atomically thin two-dimensional superconductor can be controlled with virtual photons. [48] A research group led by Yasuhiro Kuramitsu at Osaka University has revealed a magnetic reconnection driven by electron dynamics for the first time ever in laser-produced plasmas using the Gekko XII laser facility at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2877] viXra:1812.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 10:26:08

Infrared Image Encoding

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 84 Pages.

Plasmonic materials can uniquely control the electromagnetic spectrum due to nano-scale surface architecture. [48] A research group led by Yasuhiro Kuramitsu at Osaka University has revealed a magnetic reconnection driven by electron dynamics for the first time ever in laser-produced plasmas using the Gekko XII laser facility at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2876] viXra:1812.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 03:34:21

Bohr’s Atom, the Photon and the [un]certainty Principle

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: No. of pages include title page and references

This is a didactic exploration of a possible dual interpretation of the Uncertainty Principle as applied to the classical Rutherford-Bohr calculations of the geometry of the hydrogen electron orbitals. It highlights, in particular, a classical mistake in regard to the interpretation of atoms as atomic oscillators – and the calculation of their Q. It also offers a substantial correction to the model of a photon that was presented in a previous paper (The Metaphysics of Physics).
Category: Quantum Physics

[2875] viXra:1812.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 10:03:01

Stochastic Space-Time and Quantum Theory:part B: Granular Space-Time

Authors: Carlton Frederick
Comments: 8 Pages.

A previous publication in Phys. Rev. D, (Part A of this paper) pointed out that vacuum energy fluctuations implied mass fluctuations which implied curvature fluctuations which then implied fluctuations of the metric tensor. The metric fluctuations were then taken as fundamental and a stochastic space-time was theorized. A number of results from quantum mechanics were derived. This paper (Part B), in addressing some of the difficulties of Part A, required an extension of the model: In so far as the fluctuations are not in space-time but of space-time, a granular model was deemed necessary. For Lorentz invariance, the grains have constant 4-volume. Further, as we wish to treat time and space similarly, we propose fluctuations in time. In order that a particle not appear at different points in space at the same time, we find it necessary to introduce a new model for time where time as we know it is emergent from an analogous coordinate, tau-time, τ, where ' τ -Time Leaves No Tracks' (that is to say, in the sub-quantum domain, there is no 'history'). The model provides a 'meaning' of curvature as well as a (loose) derivation of the Schwartzschild metric without need for the General Relativity field equations. The purpose is to fold the seemingly incomprehensible behaviors of quantum mechanics into the (one hopes) less incomprehensible properties of space-time.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2874] viXra:1811.0522 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-30 08:41:32

Macroscopic Quantum Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Researchers at Delft University of Technology and the University of Vienna have now devised a macroscopic system that exhibits entanglement between mechanical phonons and optical photons. [41] The experimental investigation of ultracold quantum matter makes it possible to study quantum mechanical phenomena that are otherwise inaccessible. [40] The molecular switch is the fruit of a collaboration of members from the Departments of Experimental and Theoretical Physics at the University of Würzburg: Dr. Jens Kügel, a postdoc at the Department of Experimental Physics II, devised and ran the experiments. [39] A new test to spot where the ability to exploit the power of quantum mechanics has evolved in nature has been developed by physicists at the University of Warwick. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2873] viXra:1811.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-30 14:23:49

Discussions of the Weak ‘Force’ and More

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

the weak 'force' is discussed relative to other 'forces' we claim exist in our universe; a viable alternative is presented
Category: Quantum Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[1219] viXra:1903.0213 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-23 05:45:45

The Hilbert Book Model Project Survey

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 73 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

This survey treats the Hilbert Book Model Project. The project concerns a well-founded, purely mathematical model of physical reality. The project relies on the conviction that physical reality owns its own kind of mathematics and that this mathematics guides and restricts the extension of the foundation to more complicated levels of the structure and the behavior of physical reality. This results in a model that more and more resembles the physical reality that humans can observe.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1218] viXra:1903.0213 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-20 08:37:26

The Hilbert Book Model Project Survey

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 61 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

This survey treats the Hilbert Book Model Project. The project concerns a well-founded, purely mathematical model of physical reality. The project relies on the conviction that physical reality owns its own kind of mathematics and that this mathematics guides and restricts the extension of the foundation to more complicated levels of the structure and the behavior of physical reality. This results in a model that more and more resembles the physical reality that humans can observe.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1217] viXra:1903.0213 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-14 17:45:30

The Hilbert Book Model Project Survey

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 53 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project. Is is still being upgraded

This survey treats the Hilbert Book Model Project. The project concerns a well-founded, purely mathematical model of physical reality. The project relies on the conviction that physical reality owns its own kind of mathematics and that this mathematics guides and restricts the extension of the foundation to more complicated levels of the structure and the behavior of physical reality. This results in a model that more and more resembles the physical reality that humans can observe.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1216] viXra:1903.0154 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-19 02:40:59

Uncertainty and the Zitterbewegung Interpretation of an Electron

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 9 Pages.

This paper explores how the Zitterbewegung interpretation and the Uncertainty Principle might mesh. It also further details our geometric interpretation of the de Broglie wavelength.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1215] viXra:1903.0037 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-04 21:19:00

The Quantum Space

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

We define the quantum space and the quantum group Gl_q (3) as the group of automorphisms of it.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1214] viXra:1902.0462 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-15 11:25:46

Further Proofs for the 1-Photon Path Entanglement Communications Scheme

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 7 Pages. Shortened, cleaned-up. Maths sorted out. Reads well now.

The author had previously set out devices to communicate over space-like intervals, with a full proof for the 2-photon device and only a partial proof for the 1-photon device. The 2-photon device exploits entangled pairs; the 1-photon device utilises path-entanglement. The 1-photon device is fully analysed, then similarities (and differences) are drawn to the 2-photon device to show the holes in the No-communications Theorem: the creation operators representing the sum of paths through the device can be mapped outside the device and quantum state reduction/measurement is a space-like operation. Furthermore, global phase factors indicating causal delay are removed by the operation anyway.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1213] viXra:1902.0462 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-03 06:13:01

Further Proofs for the 1-Photon Path Entanglement Communications Scheme

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 9 Pages.

The author had previously set out devices to communicate over space-like intervals, with a full proof for the 2-photon device and only a partial proof for the 1-photon device. The 2-photon device exploits entangled pairs; the 1-photon device utilises path-entanglement. The 1-photon device is fully analysed, then similarities (and differences) are drawn to the 2-photon device to show the holes in the No-communications Theorem: the creation operators representing the sum of paths through the device can be mapped outside the device and quantum state reduction/measurement is a space-like operation. Furthermore, global phase factors indicating causal delay are removed by the operation anyway.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1212] viXra:1902.0455 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-02 06:12:35

Open Letter To Professor Richard David Gill, PhD

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 19 pages. Copyright © 2019 by Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved. Published 15.3.2019 by Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics, 9(2), 125-143. https://doi.org/10.22270/jddt.v9i2.2389

Aristotle’s law of contradiction and Einstein’s special theory of relativity ABASTRACT Objective: The aim of this study is to re-evaluate the relationship between Aristotle’s law of contradiction and Einstein’s special theory of relativity. Methods: In order to clarify the relationship between Aristotle’s law of contradiction and Einstein’s special theory of relativity, several different approaches were chosen and appropriate theorems were developed. Results. It was possible to provide the proof that Aristotle’s law of contradiction is observer dependent but does not contradict Einstein’s special theory of relativity. Furthermore, a derivation of Aristotle’s law of contradiction from the identity law (principium identitatis) was provided. Conclusions Aristotle’s law of contradiction and Einstein’s special theory of relativity are compatible with each other. Keywords: principium identitatis, principium contradictionis, causality, Einstein’s special theory of relativity
Category: Quantum Physics

[1211] viXra:1902.0331 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-21 06:54:57

On the Experimental Study of Nonlocality in Quantum Physics

Authors: V.A. Kuz`menko
Comments: 3 Pages. Sorry, only now I saw a literal error in the last paragraph (NOM-HOM).

It is proposed to continue the experimental study of the Hong-Ou-Mandel (HOM) effect in order to identify the nonlocal properties of the memory of quantum systems.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1210] viXra:1902.0113 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-12 11:15:18

The Zitterbewegung and the de Broglie Wavelength

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper explores some more philosophical aspects of the Zitterbewegung model of an electron, including a geometric interpretation of the de Broglie wavelength.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1209] viXra:1902.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-22 17:26:08

Spacetime Engineering

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 15 Pages. In commemoration of 140th birthday of Albert Einstein, 14 March 2019.

Explanation of spacetime engineering, tailored for general audience.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1208] viXra:1902.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-14 14:19:51

Spacetime Engineering

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 13 Pages. In commemoration of 140th birthday of Albert Einstein, 14 March 2019.

Explanation of spacetime engineering, tailored for general audience.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1207] viXra:1902.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-10 08:02:06

Spacetime Engineering

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 13 Pages. In commemoration of 140th birthday of Albert Einstein, 14 March 2019.

Explanation of spacetime engineering, tailored for general audience.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1206] viXra:1902.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-02 10:11:27

Spacetime Engineering

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 11 Pages. Dedicated to Einstein's 140th birthday

Explanation of spacetime engineering, tailored for general audience. It will be supplemented by demonstrations of reversible elimination of inertial mass (REIM), which will be posted at YouTube until Christmas 2019.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1205] viXra:1902.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-27 13:15:22

Spacetime Engineering

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 10 Pages. Added Q&A. Comments and questions are welcomed.

Explanation of spacetime engineering, tailored for general audience. It will be supplemented by demonstrations of reversible elimination of inertial mass (REIM), which will be posted at YouTube until Christmas 2019.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1204] viXra:1902.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-20 05:15:59

Spacetime Engineering

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 8 Pages. Comments welcome.

Explanation of spacetime engineering, tailored for general audience. It will be supplemented by demonstrations of reversible elimination of inertial mass (REIM), which will be posted at YouTube until Christmas 2019.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1203] viXra:1902.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-15 09:01:21

Spacetime Engineering

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 7 Pages. Typos corrected and references added.

Explanation of spacetime engineering, tailored for general audience. It will be supplemented by demonstrations of reversible elimination of inertial mass (REIM), which will be posted at YouTube until Christmas 2019.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1202] viXra:1902.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-12 05:12:37

Spacetime Engineering

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 7 Pages. Final version.

Explanation of spacetime engineering, tailored for general audience. It will be supplemented by demonstrations of reversible elimination of inertial mass (REIM), which will be posted at YouTube until Christmas 2019.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1201] viXra:1902.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-09 11:28:33

Spacetime Engineering

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 5 Pages. Text expanded and references added. Comments welcome.

Explanation of spacetime engineering, tailored for general audience. It will be supplemented by demonstrations of reversible elimination of inertial mass (REIM), which will be posted at YouTube until Christmas 2019.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1200] viXra:1902.0098 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-07 05:48:32

Spacetime Engineering

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 4 Pages. Comments welcome.

Explanation of spacetime engineering, tailored for general audience. It will be supplemented by demonstrations of reversible elimination of inertial mass (REIM), which will be posted at YouTube until Christmas 2019.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1199] viXra:1901.0359 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-28 00:46:36

Note on the Golden Mean, Nonlocality in Quantum Mechanics and Fractal Cantorian Spacetime

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 7 Pages.

Given the inverse of the Golden Mean $ \tau^{ -1} = \phi = { 1\over 2} (\sqrt 5 - 1)$, it is known that the continuous fraction expansion of $ \phi^{ -1} = 1 + \phi = \tau$ is $ ( 1, 1, 1, \cdots )$. Integer solutions for the pairs of numbers $ ( d_i, n_i ), i = 1, 2, 3, \cdots $ are found obeying the equation $ ( 1 + \phi)^n = d + \phi^n$. The latter equation was inspired from El Naschie's formulation of fractal Cantorian space time $ {\cal E}_\infty$, and such that it furnishes the continuous fraction expansion of $ ( 1 + \phi )^n ~= ~ (d, d, d, d, \cdots )$, generalizing the original expression for the Golden mean. Hardy showed that is possible to demonstrate nonlocality without using Bell inequalities for two particles prepared in $nonmaximally$ entangled states. The maximal probability of obtaining his nonlocality proof was found to be precisely $\phi^5$. Zheng showed that three-particle nonmaximally entangled states revealed quantum nonlocality without using inequalities, and the maximal probability of obtaining the nonlocality proof was found to be $ 0.25 \sim \phi^3 = 0.236$. Given that the two-parameter $ p, q$ quantum-calculus deformations of the integers $ [ n ]_{ p, q} = F_n $ $coincide$ precisely with the Fibonacci numbers, as a result of Binet's formula when $ p = ( 1 + \phi) = \tau, q = - \phi = - \tau^{ -1} $, we explore further the implications of these results in the quantum entanglement of two-particle spin-$s$ states. We finalize with some remarks on the generalized Binet's formula corresponding to generalized Fibonacci sequences.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1198] viXra:1901.0295 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-05 09:49:16

The Theories of the Graviton, Part Three: The Statistical and Thermodynamic Applications to Gravitonic Mechanics

Authors: Noah MacKay
Comments: 14 Pages. Done with the assistance of Aaron M. Bain and Ashton L. Shope

Gravitons are the quanta of gravity that, if proven to exist, would potentially connect quantum mechanics with gravitation. The third (and supposedly last) part of the Graviton Theory entity focuses on the thermodynamic and statistical applications to the theories that were proposed in Parts One and Two. This analysis will look at gravitonic influences in black holes and during the Big Bang, as well as interacting gravitons in two extreme systems: as a boson gas and as a Bose-Einstein condensate. The analysis will also explore the thermodynamic and statistical influences on the nature and mechanics of gravitons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1197] viXra:1901.0295 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-04 17:15:24

The Theories of the Graviton, Part Three: The Statistical and Thermodynamic Applications to Gravitonic Mechanics

Authors: Noah MacKay
Comments: 14 Pages. Done with the assistance of Aaron M. Bain and Ashton L. Shope

Gravitons are the quanta of gravity that, if proven to exist, would potentially connect quantum mechanics with gravitation. The third (and supposedly last) part of the Graviton Theory entity focuses on the thermodynamic and statistical applications to the theories that were proposed in Parts One and Two. This analysis will look at gravitonic influences in black holes and during the Big Bang, as well as interacting gravitons in two extreme systems: as a boson gas and as a Bose-Einstein condensate. The analysis will also explore the thermodynamic and statistical influences on the nature and mechanics of gravitons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1196] viXra:1901.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-14 01:24:38

Fixing Dirac Theory's Relativity and Correspondence Errors

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 11 Pages.

Dirac sought a relativistic quantum free-particle Hamiltonian that imposes space-time symmetry on the Schroedinger equation in configuration representation; he ignored the Lorentz covariance of energy-momentum. Dirac free-particle velocity therefore is momentum-independent, breaching relativity basics. Dirac also made solutions of his equation satisfy the Klein-Gordon equation via requirements imposed on its operators. Dirac particle speed is thereby fixed to the unphysical value of c times the square root of three, and anticommutation requirements prevent four observables, including the components of velocity, from commuting when Planck's constant vanishes, a correspondence-principle breach responsible for Dirac free-particle spontaneous acceleration (zitterbewegung) that diverges in the classical limit. Nonrelativistic Pauli theory contrariwise is physically sensible, and its particle rest-frame action can be extended to become Lorentz invariant. The consequent Lagrangian yields the corresponding closed-form relativistic Hamiltonian when magnetic field is absent, otherwise a successive-approximation regime applies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1195] viXra:1901.0174 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-07 06:51:04

Dark Objects

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 8 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Dark objects are field excitations that are caused by point-shaped actuators. The carrier field reacts with shock fronts. The effect of these excitations is so tiny that in isolation these phenomena cannot be observed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1194] viXra:1901.0174 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-31 10:23:29

Dark Objects

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 7 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Dark objects are field excitations that are caused by point-shaped actuators. The carrier field reacts with shock fronts. The effect of these excitations is so tiny that in isolation these phenomena cannot be observed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1193] viXra:1901.0174 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-24 05:20:43

Dark Objects

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 3 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Dark objects are field excitations that are caused by point-shaped actuators. The carrier field reacts with shock fronts. The effect of these excitations is so tiny that in isolation these phenomena cannot be observed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1192] viXra:1901.0120 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-14 15:04:31

Toward Unification

Authors: Alexandre Furtado Neto
Comments: 14 Pages.

A universe based on a fully deterministic, Euclidean, 4-torus cellular automaton is presented using a constructive approach. Each cell contains one integer number forming bubble-like patterns propagating at the speed of light, interacting and being reissued constantly. The collective behavior of these integers is conjectured to form patterns similar to classical and quantum physics, including the mass spectrum, quantum correlations and relativistic effects. Although essentially non-local, it preserves the non-signaling principle. This flexible model predicts that gravity is not quantized as well as the appearence of an arrow of time. Being a causal theory, it can potentially explain the emergence of the classical world and acroscopic observers.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1191] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-10 13:46:48

The Emperor Has No Clothes: A Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: No of pages included ToC and cover. Final version of manuscript.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his very last paper, which was published in 1984 - just before he died. The title of this last paper of this genius had a rather significant title: the Inadequacies of Quantum Field Theory. And this one line may sum it all up: "These rules of renormalization give, surprisingly, excessively good agreement with experiments. Most physicists say that these working rules are, therefore, correct. I feel that is not an adequate reason. Just because the results happen to be in agreement with observation does not prove that one's theory is correct." This book tries to show that there is a viable alternative.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1190] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-07 05:01:05

The Emperor Has No Clothes: A Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 141 Pages. Semi-final version of the book

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his very last paper, which was published in 1984 - just before he died. The title of this last paper of this genius had a rather significant title: the Inadequacies of Quantum Field Theory. And this one line may sum it all up: "These rules of renormalization give, surprisingly, excessively good agreement with experiments. Most physicists say that these working rules are, therefore, correct. I feel that is not an adequate reason. Just because the results happen to be in agreement with observation does not prove that one's theory is correct." This book tries to show that there is a viable alternative.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1189] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-04 14:37:46

The Emperor Has No Clothes: A Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 131 Pages.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his very last paper, which was published in 1984 - just before he died. The title of this last paper of this genius had a rather significant title: the Inadequacies of Quantum Field Theory. And this one line may sum it all up: "These rules of renormalization give, surprisingly, excessively good agreement with experiments. Most physicists say that these working rules are, therefore, correct. I feel that is not an adequate reason. Just because the results happen to be in agreement with observation does not prove that one's theory is correct." This book tries to show that there is a viable alternative.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1188] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-02 02:19:57

The Emperor Has No Clothes: A Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 127 Pages.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his very last paper, which was published in 1984 - just before he died. The title of this last paper of this genius had a rather significant title: the Inadequacies of Quantum Field Theory. And this one line may sum it all up: "These rules of renormalization give, surprisingly, excessively good agreement with experiments. Most physicists say that these working rules are, therefore, correct. I feel that is not an adequate reason. Just because the results happen to be in agreement with observation does not prove that one's theory is correct." This book tries to show that there is a viable alternative.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1187] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-27 06:29:37

The Emperor Has No Clothes: A Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 121 Pages.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his very last paper, which was published in 1984 - just before he died. The title of this last paper of this genius had a rather significant title: the Inadequacies of Quantum Field Theory. And this one line may sum it all up: "These rules of renormalization give, surprisingly, excessively good agreement with experiments. Most physicists say that these working rules are, therefore, correct. I feel that is not an adequate reason. Just because the results happen to be in agreement with observation does not prove that one's theory is correct." This book tries to show that there is a viable alternative.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1186] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-25 02:37:46

The Emperor Has No Clothes: A Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 113 Pages.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his very last paper, which was published in 1984 - just before he died. The title of this last paper of this genius had a rather significant title: the Inadequacies of Quantum Field Theory. And this one line may sum it all up: "These rules of renormalization give, surprisingly, excessively good agreement with experiments. Most physicists say that these working rules are, therefore, correct. I feel that is not an adequate reason. Just because the results happen to be in agreement with observation does not prove that one's theory is correct." This book tries to show that there is a viable alternative.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1185] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-21 06:49:14

The Emperor Has No Clothes: A Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 114 Pages.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his very last paper, which was published in 1984 - just before he died. The title of this last paper of this genius had a rather significant title: the Inadequacies of Quantum Field Theory. And this one line may sum it all up: "These rules of renormalization give, surprisingly, excessively good agreement with experiments. Most physicists say that these working rules are, therefore, correct. I feel that is not an adequate reason. Just because the results happen to be in agreement with observation does not prove that one's theory is correct." This book tries to show that the Zitterbewegung interpretation of QM offers a viable alternative.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1184] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-18 03:58:32

The Zitterbewegung Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 106 Pages.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his very last paper, which was published in 1984 - just before he died. The title of this last paper of this genius had a rather significant title: the Inadequacies of Quantum Field Theory. And this one line may sum it all up: "These rules of renormalization give, surprisingly, excessively good agreement with experiments. Most physicists say that these working rules are, therefore, correct. I feel that is not an adequate reason. Just because the results happen to be in agreement with observation does not prove that one's theory is correct." This book tries to show that the Zitterbewegung interpretation of QM offers a viable alternative.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1183] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-11 04:34:11

The Emperor Has No Clothes: The Sorry State of Quantum Physics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 90 Pages.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his very last paper, which was published in 1984 - just before he died. The title of this last paper of this genius had a rather significant title: the Inadequacies of Quantum Field Theory. And this one line may sum it all up: : "These rules of renormalization give, surprisingly, excessively good agreement with experiments. Most physicists say that these working rules are, therefore, correct. I feel that is not an adequate reason. Just because the results happen to be in agreement with observation does not prove that one's theory is correct."
Category: Quantum Physics

[1182] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-09 23:12:42

The Emperor Has No Clothes: the Sorry State of Quantum Physics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 80 Pages.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his very last paper, which was published in 1984 - just before he died. The title of this last paper of this genius had a rather significant title: the Inadequacies of Quantum Field Theory. And this one line may sum it all up: : "These rules of renormalization give, surprisingly, excessively good agreement with experiments. Most physicists say that these working rules are, therefore, correct. I feel that is not an adequate reason. Just because the results happen to be in agreement with observation does not prove that one's theory is correct."
Category: Quantum Physics

[1181] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-08 14:31:27

The Emperor Has No Clothes: The Sorry State of Quantum Physics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 75 Pages.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his last paper, which was published in 1975: “I must say that I am very dissatisfied with the situation because this so-called 'good theory' [perturbation and renormalization theory] involves neglecting infinities. […] This is just not sensible mathematics. Sensible mathematics involves neglecting a quantity when it is small – not neglecting it just because it is infinitely great and you do not want it!”
Category: Quantum Physics

[1180] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-05 10:58:32

The Emperor Has no Clothes: a Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 72 Pages. None.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his last paper, which was published in 1975: “I must say that I am very dissatisfied with the situation because this so-called 'good theory' [perturbation and renormalization theory] involves neglecting infinities. […] This is just not sensible mathematics. Sensible mathematics involves neglecting a quantity when it is small – not neglecting it just because it is infinitely great and you do not want it!”
Category: Quantum Physics

[1179] viXra:1901.0056 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-01 23:51:40

This Contagious Error Voids Bell-1964, CHSH-1969, Etc.

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 5 Pages.

Elementary instance-tracking identifies a contagious error in Bell (1964). To wit, and against his own advice: in failing to match instances, Bell voids his own conclusions. The contagion extends to Aspect, Griffiths, Levanto, Motl, Peres and each of CHSH.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1178] viXra:1901.0056 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 03:09:13

This Contagious Error Voids Bell-1964, CHSH-1969, Etc.

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 4 Pages.

Elementary instance-tracking identifies a contagious error in Bell (1964). To wit, and against his own advice: in failing to match instances, Bell voids his own conclusions. The contagion extends to Aspect, Griffiths, Levanto, Motl, Peres and each of CHSH.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1177] viXra:1812.0472 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-22 16:08:36

A New Representation of Spin Angular Momentum

Authors: Satoshi Hanamura
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper aims to present intuitive imagery of the angular momentum of electrons, which has not been attempted yet. As electrons move similarly to a slinky spring, we first discuss the motions of a slinky progressing down an uneven stairway. The spin angular momentum under a magnetic field gradient is analogous to a slinky traveling down the uneven stairway inclined perpendicular to the advancing direction (i.e., every step inclined a bit to the left or right side to the advancing direction). The study extends our previous work from a single virtual oscillating photon to a particle moving linearly in one direction. The entire mass energy of the electrons is assumed as thermal potential energy. Particles (spinors) possessing this energy emit all their energy by radiation, which is then absorbed by a paired spinor particle. This transfer of radiative energy is accomplished by a virtual photon enveloping the spinor particles. Although the spinor particle contains both the absorber and emitter depending on its phase, a spinor particle cannot exhibit both the functions simultaneously; therefore, the spinor particle moves similar to a slinky spring.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1176] viXra:1812.0472 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-13 00:55:47

A New Representation of Spin Angular Momentum

Authors: Satoshi Hanamura
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper aims to present intuitive imagery of the angular momentum of electrons, which has not been attempted yet. As electrons move similarly to a slinky spring, we first discuss the motions of a slinky progressing down a stairway. The spin angular momentum under a magnetic field gradient is analogous to a slinky traveling down a stairway inclined perpendicular to the advancing direction. The study extends our previous work from a single virtual oscillating photon to a particle moving linearly in one direction. The entire mass-energy of the electrons is assumed as thermal potential energy. Particles (spinors) possessing this energy emit all their energy by radiation, which is then absorbed by a paired spinor particle. This transfer of radiative energy is accomplished by a virtual photon enveloping the spinor particles. If one electron is a composite of an emitter particle, absorber particles, and transmitter particle, it can discretely move like a slinky spring.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1175] viXra:1812.0437 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-11 06:29:26

Bell's Inequality Refuted Via Elementary Algebra

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 4 Pages.

Using elementary algebra, this note refutes Bell’s famous inequality. Later notes will: (i) identify Bell's error; (ii) deliver the more complete local-realistic specification of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment that Bell sought; (iii) ensure that (ii) is consistent with quantum theory and experiment; (iv) show that Bell's theorem is false and misleading when it comes to understanding the true locality and true realism associated with Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations; (v) resolve Bell's contradictory 1990 dilemma about ‘action-at-a-distance' (and his half-expected silliness) in Einstein's favor.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1174] viXra:1812.0437 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-06 01:48:45

Please: What's Wrong with This Refutation of Bell's Famous Inequality?

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 2 Pages.

Elementary algebra refutes Bell’s famous inequality conclusively.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1173] viXra:1812.0437 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-01 17:14:05

Please: What's Wrong with This Refutation of Bell's Famous Inequality?

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 2 Pages.

Elementary algebra refutes Bell’s famous inequality conclusively.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1172] viXra:1812.0437 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-31 01:53:28

Please: What’s Wrong with This Refutation of Bell’s Famous Inequality?

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 2 Pages.

Elementary algebra refutes Bell’s famous inequality conclusively.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1171] viXra:1812.0408 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-01 06:53:36

Classical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 10 Pages.

Here we present the physical side of the quantum mechanics (QM) that emerges from the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). We showed that the quantum superposition is misinterpreted. The key to understand QM is the difference between quantum coherence and quantum entanglement. We as well explained what conditions and structures lead to relativistic invariants such as electric charge and spin, and how this affects the superposition.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1170] viXra:1812.0273 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-23 03:32:50

Layered Motions: the Meaning of the Fine-Structure Constant

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 22 Pages.

Following a series of papers on geometric interpretations of the wavefunction, this paper offers an overview of all of them. If anything, it shows that classical physics goes a long way in explaining so-called quantum-mechanical phenomena. It is suggested that the fine-structure constant can be interpreted as a scaling constant in a layered model of electron motion. Hence, instead of one single wave equation explaining it all, we offer a theory of superposed motions based on the fine-structure constant, which we interpret as a scaling constant. The layers are the following: 1. To explain the electron’s rest mass, we use the Zitterbewegung model. Here, we think of the electron as a pointlike charge (no internal structure or motion) with zero rest mass, and (1) its two-dimensional oscillation, (2) the E/m = c2 = a2ω2 elasticity of spacetime and (3) Planck’s quantum of action (h) explain the rest mass: it is just the equivalent mass of the energy in the oscillation. 2. We then have the Bohr model, which shows orbitals pack the same amount of physical action (h) or a multiple of it (S = n·h). It just packs that amount in much larger loops which – of course – then also pack a different amount of energy. As it turns out, the equivalent energy (E = h·f) is equal to α2mc2. The fine-structure constant also acts as a scaling constant for all other dimensions (radii, velocities, and frequencies). 3. The difference between the energies of the Bohr orbitals is, of course, the energy of the photon when an electron makes a transition. Hence, we also offer an elegant one-cycle model of a photon and show the meaning of the fine-structure constant as a coupling constant in QED. This all leads to a much more comprehensive interpretation of the fine-structure constant as a scaling constant. As an added bonus, we argue that the fine-structure constant also introduces a form factor (the electron is now viewed as a disk-like structure), which might explain the anomalous magnetic moment. We argue that the anomalous magnetic moment may, therefore, not be anomalous at all.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1169] viXra:1812.0273 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-19 06:03:31

Layered Motions: the Meaning of the Fine-Structure Constant

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 17 Pages.

Following a series of papers on geometric interpretations of the wavefunction, this paper offers an overview of all of them. If anything, it shows that classical physics goes a long way in explaining so-called quantum-mechanical phenomena. It is suggested that the fine-structure constant can be interpreted as a scaling constant in a layered model of electron motion. Instead of one single wave equation explaining it all, we offer a theory of superposed motions based on the fine-structure constant, which we interpret as a scaling constant. The layers are the following: 1. To explain the electron’s rest mass, we use the Zitterbewegung model. Here, we think of the electron as a pointlike charge (no internal structure or motion) with zero rest mass, and (1) its two-dimensional oscillation, (2) the E/m = c2 = a2ω2 elasticity of spacetime and (3) Planck’s quantum of action (h) explain the rest mass: it is just the equivalent mass of the energy in the oscillation. 2. We then have the Bohr model, which shows orbitals pack the same amount of physical action (h). It just packs that amount in a much larger loop (the 1st Bohr orbital) which – of course – then also packs a different amount of energy. As it turns out, the equivalent energy (E = h·f) is equal to α2mc2. Hence, the fine-structure constant effectively pops up as scaling constant here. 3. Finally, we suggest the new form factor (the electron as a disk-like structure) might explain the anomalous magnetic moment and, therefore, be related to a very classical coupling between the motion in the Larmor precession and the orbital motion. Indeed, we argue it is not a coincidence that the fine-structure constant pops up once again to explain the so-called anomaly – which might not be an anomaly at all: it is just the third layer in the motion.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1168] viXra:1812.0260 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-13 06:29:14

Natuurkundig Scheppingsverhaal

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 7 Pages. Dit is onderdeel van het Hilbert Book Model Project

De fundamentele beschouwing van de fysieke werkelijkheid leidt al gauw tot een scheppingsverhaal, waarin het hele verloop van de schepping van wat er in het heelal voorkomt wordt verteld.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1167] viXra:1812.0260 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-02 16:08:36

Natuurkundig Scheppingsverhaal

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 6 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

De fundamentele beschouwing van de fysieke werkelijkheid leidt al gauw tot een scheppingsverhaal, waarin het hele verloop van de schepping van wat er in het heelal voorkomt wordt verteld.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1166] viXra:1812.0260 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-27 06:44:33

Natuurkundig Scheppingsverhaal

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 6 Pages. Dit is onderdeel van het Hilbert Book Model Project

De fundamentele beschouwing van de fysieke werkelijkheid leidt al gauw tot een scheppingsverhaal, waarin het hele verloop van de schepping van wat er in het heelal voorkomt wordt verteld.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1165] viXra:1812.0260 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-24 04:30:32

Natuurkundig Scheppingsverhaal

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 6 Pages. Dit is onderdeel van het Hilbert Book Model Project

De fundamentele beschouwing van de fysieke werkelijkheid leidt al gauw tot een scheppingsverhaal, waarin het hele verloop van de schepping van wat er in het heelal voorkomt wordt verteld.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1164] viXra:1812.0260 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-22 07:09:47

Natuurkundig Scheppingsverhaal

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 6 Pages. Dit is onderdeel van het Hilbert Book Model Project

De fundamentele beschouwing van de fysieke werkelijkheid leidt al gauw tot een scheppingsverhaal, waarin het hele verloop van de schepping van wat er in het heelal voorkomt wordt verteld.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1163] viXra:1812.0260 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-16 13:14:41

Natuurkundig Scheppingsverhaal

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 4 Pages. Dit is onderdeel van het Hilbert Book Model Project

De fundamentele beschouwing van de fysieke werkelijkheid leidt al gauw tot een scheppingsverhaal, waarin het hele verloop van de schepping van wat er in het heelal voorkomt wordt verteld.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1162] viXra:1812.0259 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-03 15:57:39

Physical Creation Story

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 6 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The fundamental consideration of physical reality quickly leads to a story of creation, in which the whole course of creation of what occurs in the universe is told.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1161] viXra:1812.0259 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-27 06:45:49

Physical Creation Story

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 6 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The fundamental consideration of physical reality quickly leads to a story of creation, in which the whole course of creation of what occurs in the universe is told.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1160] viXra:1812.0259 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-24 04:31:57

Physical Creation Story

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 6 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The fundamental consideration of physical reality quickly leads to a story of creation, in which the whole course of creation of what occurs in the universe is told.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1159] viXra:1812.0259 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-21 14:52:56

Physical Creation Story

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 6 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The fundamental consideration of physical reality quickly leads to a story of creation, in which the whole course of creation of what occurs in the universe is told.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1158] viXra:1812.0259 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-19 10:45:29

Physical Creation Story

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 4 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The fundamental consideration of physical reality quickly leads to a story of creation, in which the whole course of creation of what occurs in the universe is told.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1157] viXra:1812.0259 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-16 13:17:16

Physical Creation Story

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 4 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The fundamental consideration of physical reality quickly leads to a story of creation, in which the whole course of creation of what occurs in the universe is told.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1156] viXra:1812.0233 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-21 12:18:08

The Not-So Anomalous Magnetic Moment

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 16 Pages.

This paper is a didactic exploration of the geometry of the experiments measuring the anomalous magnetic moment. It is argued that there may be nothing anomalous about it. We argue that Schwinger’s α/2π factor and the other quantum-mechanical corrections might be explained by a form factor: the electron should, perhaps, not be thought of as a perfect sphere or a perfect disk. If this possibility is allowed for, the anomalous magnetic moment might possibly be explained in terms of a classical explanation.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1155] viXra:1812.0233 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-19 05:41:18

The Not-So Anomalous Magnetic Moment

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper is a very short didactic exploration of the geometry of the experiments measuring the anomalous magnetic moment. It is argued that there is nothing anomalous about it. The Larmor precession invalidates the usual substitution that is made for the gyromagnetic ratio of the precessional motion. In fact, if the substitution is made, one gets a value of 1/2 instead of zero. We should, therefore, not wonder why the anomalous magnetic moment is not equal to zero, but why it is so nearly zero. We suggest the geometry of the situation – and the related classical calculations – explains all, except, of course, Schwinger’s α/2π factor and the other quantum-mechanical corrections. However, we argue these might be explained by the Zitterbewegung model of an electron. That model is associated with a form factor: a disk-like structure, which relates the Bohr and the Compton radius through the fine-structure constant. It would, therefore, be worthwhile to re-attempt to explain the anomalous magnetic moment in terms of a classical explanation.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1154] viXra:1812.0024 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-02 08:37:38

Stochastic Space-Time and Quantum Theory:part B: Granular Space-Time

Authors: Carlton Frederick
Comments: 8 Pages.

A previous publication in Phys. Rev. D, (Part A of this paper) pointed out that vacuum energy fluctuations implied mass fluctuations which implied curvature fluctuations which then implied fluctuations of the metric tensor. The metric fluctuations were then taken as fundamental and a stochastic space-time was theorized. A number of results from quantum mechanics were derived. This paper (Part B), in addressing some of the difficulties of Part A, required an extension of the model: In so far as the fluctuations are not in space-time but of space-time, a granular model was deemed necessary. For Lorentz invariance, the grains have constant 4-volume. Further, as we wish to treat time and space similarly, we propose fluctuations in time. In order that a particle not appear at different points in space at the same time, we find it necessary to introduce a new model for time where time as we know it is emergent from an analogous coordinate, tau-time, τ, where ' τ -Time Leaves No Tracks' (that is to say, in the sub-quantum domain, there is no 'history'). The model provides a 'meaning' of curvature as well as a (loose) derivation of the Schwartzschild metric without need for the General Relativity field equations. The purpose is to fold the seemingly incomprehensible behaviors of quantum mechanics into the (one hopes) less incomprehensible properties of space-time.
Category: Quantum Physics