Quantum Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[3892] viXra:1911.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 07:52:13

Quantum Fintech on Mainstream

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

The global effect of quantum computing on economic and social life will depend on the use that will be made of this tool-and that stems from human decisions rather than being forced by knowledge itself. [33] Scientists claimed Wednesday to have achieved a near-mythical state of computing in which a new generation of machine vastly outperforms the world's fastest super-computer, known as "quantum supremacy". [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3891] viXra:1911.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-20 08:38:33

Water-Based Optical Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

In a breakthrough study published in OSA Continuum, a team of scientists led by Prof Eiji Tokunaga at the Tokyo University of Science shed light on the mechanism of the Pockels effect in a new type of light modulator. [33] Optical scintillation imaging is proving feasible as a quality assurance (QA) tool for small static beams and for pre-treatment verification of radiosurgery and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans. [32] Tweaking the design of microring sensors enhances their sensitivity without adding more implementation complexity. [31] Large-scale plasmonic metasurfaces could find use in flat panel displays and other devices that can change colour thanks to recent work by researchers at the University of Cambridge in the UK. [30] Particles in solution can grow, transport, collide, interact, and aggregate into complex shapes and structures. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3890] viXra:1911.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 08:37:04

Building Block for Quantum Technologies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Nanooptical traps are a promising building block for quantum technologies. Austrian and German scientists have now removed an important obstacle to their practical use. [37] The experiments showed that quantum light can be used to probe enzyme activities in real time without perturbing the sample. [36] The biological technique of 'optogenetics' uses light to control cells within living tissues that have been genetically modified to be light-sensitive. [35] Not much is known about the course of events leading to Alzheimer’s disease, but the formation of toxic β-amyloid plaques and phosphorylated tau proteins have long been described as major hallmarks of the disease. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3889] viXra:1911.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-19 09:16:16

Magneto-Optic Dual-Comb Spectroscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Dual-comb spectroscopy is a new spectroscopy that uses two precisely controlled ultrashort pulse lasers, known as optical frequency combs (optical combs). [38] Nanooptical traps are a promising building block for quantum technologies. Austrian and German scientists have now removed an important obstacle to their practical use. [37] The experiments showed that quantum light can be used to probe enzyme activities in real time without perturbing the sample. [36] The biological technique of 'optogenetics' uses light to control cells within living tissues that have been genetically modified to be light-sensitive. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3888] viXra:1911.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 08:20:27

Quantum Computers Mark Their Work

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

A new test to check if a quantum computer is giving correct answers to questions beyond the scope of traditional computing could help the first quantum computer that can outperform a classical computer to be realized. [56] A new test to check if a quantum computer is giving correct answers to questions beyond the scope of traditional computing could help the first quantum computer that can outperform a classical computer to be realized. [56] In quantum computing, as in team building, a little diversity can help get the job done better, computer scientists have discovered. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3887] viXra:1911.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 08:57:59

Hydrogen Tuning Quantum Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Researchers at TU Delft have discovered a method to stretch and compress quantum materials using hydrogen gas. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44] There's little doubt the information technology revolution has improved our lives. But unless we find a new form of electronic technology that uses less energy, computing will become limited by an "energy crunch" within decades. [43] Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have recently succeeded in boosting the storage time of quantum information, using a small glass container filled with room temperature atoms, taking an important step towards a secure quantum encoded distribution network. [42] New work by a team at the University of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics has uncovered fundamental limits on the quantum operations which can be carried out with postselection. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3886] viXra:1911.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 09:03:07

The Words Implicit and Explicit Seem to Describe All that "IS"

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 19 Pages.

I conceptually discuss what I consider the naturally occurring construct of universal reality might be. I talk about what I consider to be the random conditions, influences and effects that might help to conceptually explain how the universe might have come into being in the first place. I debate that there are two continuums in the universe. One of these is the implicit continuum and the other is the explicit continuum. I suggest that quantum non-locality theory in physics provides a useful tool in order to help to understand the concurrent relationship between both these continuums. I demonstrate that non-locality [metaphysical-implicitness] is real and that this is why science must learn to accommodate this notion if it is ever to be able to describe and demonstrate a theory of everything. Email: conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: Quantum Physics

[3885] viXra:1911.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 07:16:29

The Inescapable Duality of All “things”

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 3 Pages.

I present the notion that our space time universe is “swimming” in a sea of sub-quantum [non-local] weirdness. I also conceptually postulate that all “things” and events in our universe are somehow in a dual and entangled relationship with each other. I imagine this relationship as being a concurrent one and that they are not materially connected to each other. However, I believe that they do influence and effect each other in some way. I refer to this sea of weirdness as being non-physical implicit phenomena and physical phenomena entangled within this sea as being explicit phenomena. I discuss what my concept of the duality of all that “IS” might mean in helping us to better understand the workings of the wider universe as well as what such a conceptual theory might mean for future scientific research and understanding. Email: conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: Quantum Physics

[3884] viXra:1911.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-18 08:00:20

Better Light-Trapping Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

A study published in Nature describes a new design for optical resonators that are more effective at trapping light, an important fundamental step towards making more efficient optical devices. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3883] viXra:1911.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-17 17:07:29

On the Neutrino Theory of Light

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

This is a review article. We show that the mass of neutrinos in accelerating fields behaves radically differently than masses other particles. Abandonment of the idea that photons are systems of entangled neutrino-antineutrino (NAN) pairs creates great problems today in a coherent description of dark matter, dark energy, nuclear plasma and spin and mass of the proton. In fact, objects built from entangled or/and confined NAN pairs create the illusion of the existence of quarks. Here we calculated the neutrino charge and the lower and upper limits for photon mass.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3882] viXra:1911.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 16:36:39

Theory of God's Creation

Authors: Christopher L A Smith
Comments: 5 Pages. theory of everything would like it well handled

Pyramids they are everything’s particle constituent as I explain you will get to know the basic structure of the universe they are magnetic in nature and have both a field release and field return of magnetism as a force continuum. These Pyramid’s release and intake force into each other’s field continuum they stream force into each other’s field continuum force intake releases force into return fields force intake spirals into release into a vortex of motion spiraling around release. The force releases straight out the tip to return normally but can move slightly towards greater force of returning magnetism the release field of the base seeks the return field in release direction and the base can split into several release and return points. These Pyramids are gluons permeate as heat make up all particles when together as fields.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3881] viXra:1911.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 14:47:29

Nature Astronomy Journal Has Been Published Plagiarism of Leonov's Concept of a Quantized Ball-Shaped Universe

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

In 1996, I developed and published the scientific concept of the quantized ball-shaped universe in Russian [1]. This concept was published a second time in English in 2010-2011 in my fundamental the theory of Superunification [2-4]. The concept of a quantized universe is my development. Our universe is a quantized universe and the universe is filled with quantons. Quanton is a quantum of space-time and it was discovered by me in 1996. Quanton has four integer quark two electric (±e) and two magnetic (±g). The calculated diameter of the quanton is 10^—25 m. The concentration of quantons is the quantum density (is an average ~10^75 q/m3) of the medium (space) and this is a variable function that describes the deformation (Einstein's analogue of curvature) of quantized space-time. A quantized universe can only have the shape of a ball and at the moment it is in a white hole state. Our universe is not flat. It is spherically deformed and the deformation (force) vector is directed to the periphery of the universe forcing the galaxies to run with acceleration. A quantized universe has no expansion and its diameter is a constant parameter. We are observing only the accelerated scattering (recession) of galaxies inside of the quantized deformed universe. This is a new physics; this is a new methodology for calculating the parameters of the universe and its state as at the present moment and for the future. I was glad when I read the article “Planck evidence for a closed Universe and a possible crisis for cosmology” in the “Nature Astronomy” [5], which once again confirms the correctness of the theory of Superunification. But I was surprised when I did not see a reference to my theory of Superunification and to the Leonov's concept of a quantized ball-shaped universe. We must make references to publications that were made earlier. This is customary in the scientific community. The lack of reference to the publication is plagiarism.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3880] viXra:1911.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 20:08:51

Testing the No-Signaling Hypothesis

Authors: Bruce Holton
Comments: 2 Pages.

Here we describe an experiment that demonstrates how messages might be sent using entangled photons. While super-luminal signaling is considered impossible due to the statistical nature of quantum processes, we suggest a possible loophole has been found. Provided the reasoning here is correct, we have an open conflict between quantum mechanics and special relativity. If we can send messages, we can time them. Quantum mechanics predicts instantaneous action-at-a-distance. Special relativity tells us that no information can be transmitted faster than the speed of light. Hence, whether the timing turns out to be super-luminal or not, we have an apparent contradiction between the results and one of these two theories. We hypothesize that a timing test will demonstrate super-luminal signaling.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3879] viXra:1911.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 04:58:19

Hot Electrons Harvested

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Semiconductors convert energy from photons (light) into an electron current. However, some photons carry too much energy for the material to absorb. These photons produce "hot electrons," and the excess energy of these electrons is converted into heat. [26] Researchers at Heriot-Watt University, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Toulouse, France, have proposed a novel framework that combines statistical models with highly scalable computational tools from the computer graphics community to accurately extract the 3-D information in real-time (50 frames per second). [25] The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3878] viXra:1911.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-16 07:04:28

Photoemission Electron Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A research group led by Prof. Fu Qiang and Prof. Bao Xinhe at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have developed near ambient pressure photoemission electron microscopy (AP-PEEM) with a tunable deep-ultraviolet (DUV) laser source as the excitation source. [27] Semiconductors convert energy from photons (light) into an electron current. However, some photons carry too much energy for the material to absorb. These photons produce "hot electrons," and the excess energy of these electrons is converted into heat. [26] Researchers at Heriot-Watt University, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Toulouse, France, have proposed a novel framework that combines statistical models with highly scalable computational tools from the computer graphics community to accurately extract the 3-D information in real-time (50 frames per second). [25] The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3877] viXra:1911.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 08:58:17

Complex Scenes from Long Distances

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Researchers at Heriot-Watt University, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Toulouse, France, have proposed a novel framework that combines statistical models with highly scalable computational tools from the computer graphics community to accurately extract the 3-D information in real-time (50 frames per second). [25] The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3876] viXra:1911.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 02:58:53

Split Photons in Bose-Einstein Condensate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

"Perhaps quantum computers might one day use this method to communicate with each other and form a kind of quantum Internet," says Weitz with a view towards the future. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light particles non-destructively. [22] A study by the Quantum Technologies for Information Science (QUTIS) group of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has produced a series of protocols for quantum sensors that could allow images to be obtained by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance of single biomolecules using a minimal amount of radiation. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3875] viXra:1911.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 03:30:27

Reroute Light in Computer Chips

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

The team is now working to make the device even smaller by shortening the distance between the silicon disk and the gold membrane. This would further reduce signal loss, making the technology even more appealing to industry. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3874] viXra:1911.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 05:36:23

Terahertz Laser with Laughing Gas

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Within the electromagnetic middle ground between microwaves and visible light lies terahertz radiation, and the promise of "T-ray vision." [15] A team of scientists from DESY and the University of Hamburg has achieved an important milestone in the quest for a new type of compact particle accelerator. [14] A research team led by physicists at LMU Munich reports a significant advance in laser-driven particle acceleration. [13] And now, physicists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and their collaborators have demonstrated that computers are ready to tackle the universe's greatest mysteries. [12]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3873] viXra:1911.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-15 06:15:04

Spring and Gravity Laws of Vibration Energy Harvesting

Authors: Emmanuel F.C. Chimamkpam
Comments: 15 pages of texts/equations and 11 pages of figures. DOI:10.5281/zenodo.3530639

Usual theory has it that large power is only attained by using large mass in harvesting of vibration energy. But can a heavy harvester be displaced at all or meaningfully under small vibration sources? Large mass means large materials with high costs, less ease of transportation and high difficulty of integration into portable technologies. Herein, a theory is proposed and validated for power as inversely proportional to mass but directly proportional to the stiffness of spring, meaning that large mass is not always needed. A further concept is established that more local gravity gives higher power but on condition that mass, spring stiffness and displacement amplitude of vibration source remain unchanged. Nonlinear multi-phase power spectrum arises when displacement amplitude of a vibration source is constant, whereas linear single-phase spectrum is the result when this amplitude fluctuates in non-zero gravity. All theoretical findings concur with results of real-life applications, giving new design pathways for high performance harvesters.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3872] viXra:1911.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 07:19:42

Quantum Transition Electron Lack Spin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

The phenomenon occurs at extremely low temperatures very close to absolute zero. When temperatures fall this low, thermodynamic fluctuations practically disappear, and quantum fluctuations are observed, constituting the "medium" in which interactions among electrons take place. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3871] viXra:1911.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 08:48:22

Spin Dynamics in Rydberg Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Rydberg molecules are giant molecules made up of tens or hundreds of atoms bound to a Rydberg atom. [39] The three-year Rydberg Quantum Simulators (RYSQ) project was set up to capitalize on the versatility of Rydberg atoms in order to address a variety of quantum simulations. [38] Using lasers, U.S. and Austrian physicists have coaxed ultracold strontium atoms into complex structures unlike any previously seen in nature. [37] A team of researchers has now presented this state of matter in the journal Physical Review Letters. The theoretical work was done at TU Wien (Vienna) and Harvard University, the experiment was performed at Rice University in Houston (Texas). [36] The old question, whether quantum systems show recurrences, can finally be answered: Yes, they do-but the concept of recurrence has to be slightly redefined. [35] Researchers at Purdue University have performed the first experimental tests of several fundamental theorems in thermodynamics, verifying the relationship between them and providing a better understanding of how nanoparticles behave under fluctuation. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information-known as qubits-that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3870] viXra:1911.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 09:45:02

Quantum Objective Reality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Clearly these are all deeply philosophical questions about the fundamental nature of reality. Whatever the answer, an interesting future awaits. [37] Researchers at the University of Vienna study the relevance of quantum reference frames for the symmetries of the world. [36] Researchers in Singapore have built a refrigerator that's just three atoms big. This quantum fridge won't keep your drinks cold, but it's cool proof of physics operating at the smallest scales. [35] Researchers have created a new testing ground for quantum systems in which they can literally turn certain particle interactions on and off, potentially paving the way for advances in spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3869] viXra:1911.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-14 15:07:54

Diffusion Gravity: An Alternative to Dark Matter

Authors: DH Fulton
Comments: 13 Pages. Fourth paper in series on Diffusion Gravity

Diffusion Gravity is a theory based upon established physical principles including Newtonian mechanics, quantum mechanics, and the Principle of Least Action. Radial flows of virtual particles from all masses due to mass diffusion is proposed as the fundamental cause of gravity, along with the corresponding quantum mechanisms underlying the macroscopic phenomenon. The Poisson equation for gravity and the corresponding “sink” or depletion zone is presented as the attraction mechanism for gravity; this current research installment applies the equation to large scale gravitational equipotential point-surfaces in galactic star orbits, where the acceleration according to Newton-Kepler should fall to a0<10-10 m/sec2, but observationally does not. By steradial geometry and the Gaussian transform of volume virtual particle flows to equipotential surface fluxes, the diffusion gravity model demonstrates how a gravitational “locking” and “equipotential-locking” at galactic scale affects centripetal acceleration and velocity rotation curves of galaxies, without invoking dark matter.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3868] viXra:1911.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 12:27:00

Capture Objects with Ghost Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

Researchers have developed a way to capture moving objects with the unconventional imaging method known as ghost imaging. [47] The key to ghost imaging is to use two or more correlated beams of particles. [46] Physicists at the University of Alberta in Canada have developed a new way to build quantum memories, a method for storing delicate quantum information encoded into pulses of light. [45] Now, an Australian research team has experimentally realised a crucial combination of these capabilities on a silicon chip, bringing the dream of a universal quantum computer closer to reality. [44] A theoretical concept to realize quantum information processing has been developed by Professor Guido Burkard and his team of physicists at the University of Konstanz. [43] As the number of hacks and security breaches rapidly climbs, scientists say there may be a way to make a truly unhackable network by using the laws of quantum physics. [42] This world-first nanophotonic device, just unveiled in Nature Communications, encodes more data and processes it much faster than conventional fiber optics by using a special form of 'twisted' light. [41] Purdue University researchers created a new technique that would increase the secret bit rate 100-fold, to over 35 million photons per second. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39] Research in the quantum optics lab of Prof. Barak Dayan in the Weizmann Institute of Science may be bringing the development of such computers one step closer by providing the "quantum gates" that are required for communication within and between such quantum computers. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3867] viXra:1911.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-13 07:55:01

Ultrashort-Pulse Laser Oscillators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

With the demonstration of a sub-picosecond thin-disk laser oscillator delivering a record-high 350-watt average output power, physicists at ETH Zurich set a new benchmark and pave the path toward even more powerful lasers. [28] But in new experiments by physicists at MIT and elsewhere, the opposite happens: When a pattern called a charge density wave in a certain material is hit with a fast laser pulse, a whole new charge density wave is created-a highly ordered state, instead of the expected disorder. [27] Scientists from Universität Hamburg have united the two research fields and succeeded in observing the emergence of ions in ultracold atoms. [26] Researchers at the Kirchhoff Institute for Physics of Heidelberg University recently succeeded in verifying so-called non-local quantum correlations between ultracold clouds of rubidium atoms. [25] Four decades after it was predicted, scientist create a skyrmion, and take one step towards efficient nuclear fusion. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3866] viXra:1911.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 12:53:29

Massive Photons in Magnetic Field

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

An international research collaboration from Poland, the UK and Russia has created a two-dimensional system-a thin optical cavity filled with liquid crystal-in which they trapped photons. [26] This novel technology could be used to produce molecular junctions in a scalable fashion-allowing millions of them to be manufactured in parallel. [25] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have successfully generated controlled electron pulses in the attosecond range. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3865] viXra:1911.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-12 20:31:45

Minimal Fractal Manifold as Foundation of Quantum Information Theory

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 7 Pages.

Derived from the mathematics of the Renormalization Group, the minimal fractal manifold (MFM) represents a spacetime continuum endowed with arbitrarily small deviations from four dimensions. The geometrical structure of the MFM can be conveniently formulated using the concept of dimensional quaternion, a vector-like entity built from component deviations along the four spacetime coordinates. Our analysis shows that dimensional quaternions form a natural basis for qubit systems and Quantum Information Theory.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3864] viXra:1911.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 03:17:24

Our Quantized Universe is a Spherical White Hole in the Shape of a Ball

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 14 Pages, 6 Figures

Astronomers have found that galaxies in our universe move with acceleration in towards the periphery of the universe, creating the appearance that the universe is expanding. In fact, we are seeing an accelerated recession of galaxies. The paradox is that according to Newton, motion with acceleration is possible only under the influence of external force, gravitation and antigravitation. There are no other explanations for this paradox. Galaxies do not have engines to create an external force. Gravity is contrary to the effect of expansion. It remains only to consider the effect of antigravitation that explains the movement of galaxies with acceleration (recession of galaxies). I have explained the antigravitation in 1996 when I discovered superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) - the global energy field in the form of a quantized space-time consisting of quantons. Antigravitation is created as a result of deformation (Einstein's curvature) of quantized space-time in the form of a gradient of the quantum density of the medium and the energy gradient of the SEI. For this, the space-time of our universe must be deformed and curved, it must not be flat. The deformation vector of the quantum density of the medium should be directed to the periphery of the universe providing accelerated movement of galaxies. Antigravitation is realized by the gravitational field of a white hole with minus-mass (negative mass). Our quantized universe is a spherical white hole in the shape of a ball. This fact was established by me and published in 1996 [1] and then published a second time in the theory of Superunification in 2010 [2].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3863] viXra:1911.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-11 07:24:18

Spin Atomic Transport

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

This regime is difficult to study otherwise, but is of considerable fundamental and practical interest, not least for applications in spintronic devices and to explore fundamental phases of matter. [31] Scientists find surprising way to affect information storage properties in metal alloy. [30] A new method allows the quantum state of atomic "qubits"—the basic unit of information in quantum computers—to be measured with twenty times less error than was previously possible, without losing any atoms. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3862] viXra:1911.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 03:41:48

Interference at the Nanoscale

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

It also provides new theoretical frameworks and models for working with sophisticated electron microscopes, like the facilities present at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A collaboration between the lab of Judy Cha, the Carol and Douglas Melamed Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science, and IBM's Watson Research Center could help make a potentially revolutionary technology more viable for manufacturing. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3861] viXra:1911.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:09:01

Energy Density of a Vacuum Observed by Background Radiation

Authors: Filip Kozarski
Comments: Four pages, no figures. Known physics, new results.

In the paper zero-point energy density of free photons is estimated for an empty space surrounded by — and observed by — a bath of thermal background photons. Interpreting the results, the outline of the cosmological arrow of time is suggested.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3860] viXra:1911.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:00:50

Quantum Internet Future

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

This proposal represents a new step towards quantum information networks, since it sets a solid theoretical framework on what is physically possible in the field of automated classification and distribution of quantum information. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3859] viXra:1911.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 05:29:41

Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

Quantum mechanics and the general theory of relativity form the bedrock of the current understanding of physics—yet the two theories don't seem to work together. [48] A ground-breaking study conducted by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has revealed a method of using quantum mechanical wave theories to "lock" heat into a fixed position. [47] Researchers at the University of Konstanz have recently carried out a study exploring the quantum states of light and vacuum fluctuations, as well as their interplay with time. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3858] viXra:1911.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 07:33:40

Imaging Limits by Information Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Narimanov has gone a step further in abstracting the imaging process by only considering information transfer, independently of how that information is encoded. [26] A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25] Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3857] viXra:1911.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 07:42:23

Speed of Light Mathematics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

AMOLF researchers and their collaborators from the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC/CUNY) in New York have created a nanostructured surface capable of performing on-the-fly mathematical operations on an input image. [27] Narimanov has gone a step further in abstracting the imaging process by only considering information transfer, independently of how that information is encoded. [26] A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3856] viXra:1911.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 07:57:50

Frequency Combs Shape Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Today, optical frequency combs (OFCs) are routinely employed in applications as diverse as time and frequency metrology, spectroscopy, telecommunications, and fundamental physics. [28] AMOLF researchers and their collaborators from the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC/CUNY) in New York have created a nanostructured surface capable of performing on-the-fly mathematical operations on an input image. [27] Narimanov has gone a step further in abstracting the imaging process by only considering information transfer, independently of how that information is encoded. [26] A UCLA research team has devised a technique that extends the capabilities of fluorescence microscopy, which allows scientists to precisely label parts of living cells and tissue with dyes that glow under special lighting. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3855] viXra:1911.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 08:46:50

Benefits and Harms of Relativism for Fundamental Science

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 6 Pages, 1 Figure

This article was published by me in English 2000 in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Space” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 36-41. In this article, I drew attention to the controversial issue of the contradictions of relativism at that time. Then many physicists believed that the action of relativism is possible only in an absolutely empty vacuum of space. This was contrary to my concept of quantized space-time consisting of quantons. I had to unite relativity and the concept of quantized space-time. I came to the conclusion that the principle of relativity is a fundamental property of quantized space-time. I found that every object of the universe from an elementary particle to cosmological objects obeys the principle of spherical invariance and it behaves as an independent center a relatively of quantized space-time, being its part. This idea was set forth in detail by me in my monograph: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3854] viXra:1911.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-09 09:17:56

Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Space (Eqs)

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 41 Pages, 17 Figures

I have read these four reports at the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia. My reports were published as a separate brochure "Four reports on the theory of elastic quantized space (EQS)" in the conference proceedings. In this publication I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3853] viXra:1911.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 14:45:07

Relativism as a Special Case of Newton's Classical Mechanics

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 11 Pages, 2 Figures

This article was published by me in English 2000 in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Medium.” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 14-23. In this article I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs. In the theory of Superunification, I have unified relativism and classical mechanics as unique properties of quantized space-time.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3852] viXra:1911.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 14:52:55

How does Measurement Affect the Real Result?

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The real mass of the W boson is 80.423 GeV but we explain why experiments should give 80.388 GeV - this result is consistent with the PDG experimental value 80.379(12) GeV. We also answered the question of how measurements change the real masses of particles.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3851] viXra:1911.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 15:31:04

Spherical Invariance in the Development of Absolute Cosmological Model

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 12 Pages, 6 Figures

This article was published by me in English 2000 in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Medium.” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 24-35. In this article I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs. In the end, I came to the conclusion that the principle of relativity is a fundamental property of quantized space-time. I found that every object of the universe from an elementary particle to cosmological objects obeys the principle of spherical invariance and it behaves as an independent center a relatively of quantized space-time, being its part.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3850] viXra:1911.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 23:52:06

Quanglebit and Hopf Fiber Fields - Two Projects in Progress

Authors: Jennifer Lorraine Nielsen
Comments: 1 Page.

A description of two related proposed projects in mathematical quantum physics are presented, each involving the Hopf fibration, one providing steps towards defining a unit measure of quantum information, a quanglebit, and the other towards redefining the fields [EM and QFT] and Schrodinger equation on the Hopf fiber bundle.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3849] viXra:1911.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 07:31:00

Role of Superstrong Interaction in Synthesis of Elementary Particles

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 11 Pages, 8 Figures

This article was published by me in English in a separate brochure: “Four Reports on the Theory of Elastic Quantized Medium.” in the materials of the Sixth International Conference "Modern Problems of Natural Science", August 21-25, 2000, St.-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 3-13. In this article I set out the basic principles of the theory of Superunification, which was completed by me in 1999 in the period 1996-1999. It was only ten years later the theory of Superunification was published in the UK in English in 2010 with a volume of over 700 pages: V. S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pgs.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3848] viXra:1911.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 07:37:42

Nanophotonic Synchrotron-Like Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Vacuum fluctuations just a few nanometres from the surface of a material can cause a passing beam of relativistic electrons to emit X-rays and other high-frequency electromagnetic radiation — according to calculations done by scientists in the US, Israel and Singapore. [31] A simple, passive photonic structure made only of glass and air bubbles could perform artificial neural computing for applications in areas like facial recognition. [30] Most artificial intelligence (AI) systems try to replicate biological mechanisms and behaviors observed in nature. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3847] viXra:1911.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 08:44:37

Floating Atoms Measure Gravity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

A team of researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, has found a new way to measure gravity—by noting differences in atoms in a supposition state, suspended in the air by lasers. [20] An international group of astronomers, including physicists at the University of St Andrews, has revived a previously debunked theory of gravity, arguing that motions within dwarf galaxies would be slower if close to a massive galaxy. [19] While last year's discovery of gravitational waves from colliding neutron stars was earth-shaking, it won't add extra dimensions to our understanding of the universe—not literal ones, at least. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3846] viXra:1911.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-08 09:32:49

Causality in Quantum Field Theory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 96 Pages.

Two researchers at the University of Massachusetts and Universidade Federal Rural in Rio de Janeiro have recently carried out a study discussing and synthesizing some of the key aspects of causality in quantum field theory. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3845] viXra:1911.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 15:06:59

The Higgs field and the Grid Dimensions

Authors: Eran Sinbar
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Higgs boson (or Higgs particle), that was confirmed on 2012 in the ATLAS detector at CERN is supposed to be a quantum excitation of the condensate field which fills our universe and is responsible for the mass of elementary particles and is named the Higgs field. In this paper I will explain why this Higgs field is part of new dimensions which I refer to as the Grid extra dimensions (or grid dimensions). This paper will explain what are the expected measurements regarding the Higgs boson (particle) based on this assumption. In this paper I will show what will be the future measured evidence that the Higgs particle measured at the particle accelerators is a quantum excitation of the Grid dimensions themselves. This exciting evidence will enable us for the first time to probe new dimensions and open our perspectives to accept the option of extra dimensions and many worlds staggered within our known universe. This understanding might enable future communication through these dimensions between the staggered worlds themselves. Modern Physics has two leading theories that contradict each other: (1) The Einstein’s deterministic, local “smooth” General Relativity theory for the large scale with the relativistic behavior and the limitation on the speed of light in all the inertial reference frames. (2) Quantum theory with the quantized characteristics, non-local Schrodinger wave equations with its probabilistic behavior and the collapse of the wave function or the many worlds interpretation of Hugh Everett. The Heisenberg uncertainty principle which is dependent on the Planck constant, the photonic energy which is dependent on Planck constant, the chaotic behavior of physics below the Planck length and Planck time, the non-local behavior of entanglement, the delayed choice quantum eraser, the Bekenstein – Hawking black hole entropy calculation and the Einstein special relativity limitation on the speed of light in all the inertial frames of reference, lead me to look for a new disruptive structure of the space-time fabric. One option is to quantize space into three dimensional “space cells” in the size of Planck length l_P in each dimension and to quantize time into time pulses (Planck time).Our understanding of time is dependent on the number of Planck pulses that we count and for each Planck pulse, a physical step in the length of Planck length can occur with a probability between zero to one. A massless photon has a probability of one to pass one Planck length for each pulse of Planck time and that is the limitation of the velocity in each frame of reference and it is defined as the speed of light. An elementary particle which has mass has a probability lower than one to pass one Planck length for each pulse of Planck time. The exciting question is what divides our fabric of space-time to these space cells and time pulses, and my assumption is that there are extra non local space time dimensions stretched like a four dimensional greed between the space cells and the time pulses. Another way to imagine the space feature of the grid dimensions is by imagining a three dimensional extra non local space in which our known three dimensional space cells are floating ,vibrating, moving, turning, flipping or rotating like ice cubes(space cells) in water (grid extra dimensions) . The probability to move from one space cell to the next for each Planck pulse of time is correlated to the mass of the elementary particle, where a photon with zero mass has a probability of one. Based on that I assume that the Higgs field is part of the extra grid dimensions. This paper will show a way to test this thesis.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3844] viXra:1911.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 15:13:30

Hidden Energy of a Particle (Body). Energy Balance

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

The energy of a particle (body) inside a quantized space-time has a hidden energy. When the speed of the particle is increased, the increase of the dynamic energy of the particle takes place as a result of the decrease of its hidden component, ensuring the balance of energy. As a result, the energy of a particle (body) is the energy turning into the real energy from its hidden form inside the quantized space-time. The hidden form of energy explains to us the reasons for the growth of energy when there is an increase in the speed of a particle (body). The source of energy of a particle (body) is the spherical deformation of quantized space-time which provides us with the equivalence of mass and energy. Mass has its birth from the quantized space-time. Mass is a bunch of energy of a spherically deformed quantized space-time. Mass is the energy of spherical deformation of the quantum density of the medium inside the quantized space-time. This fact was established and mathematically described by me in the theory of Superunification [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3843] viXra:1911.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-07 05:12:24

Hidden Mass of a Particle (Body). Mass Balance

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

The mass of a particle (body) inside a quantized space-time has a hidden mass and a hidden energy. When the speed of the particle is increased, the increase of the dynamic mass of the particle takes place as a result of the decrease of its imaginary component, ensuring the balance of mass. As a result, the mass of a particle (body) is the mass turning into the real mass from its hidden form inside the quantized space-time. The hidden form of mass explains to us the reasons for the growth of mass when there is an increase in the speed of a particle (body). The source of mass of a particle (body) is the spherical deformation of quantized space-time. Mass has its birth from the quantized space-time. This fact was established and mathematically described by me in the theory of Superunification [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3842] viXra:1911.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 22:29:11

The Balance of Gravitational Potentials

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

The gravitational state of a particle (body) is characterized by four parameters of the gravitational potentials of the medium inside the quantized space-time. We have: the gravitational potential of undeformed quantized space-time; the gravitational action potential of deformed quantized space-time outside of the particle (body); the gravitational potential of deformed quantized space-time inside a particle (body); the Newton potential of the quantized space-time. This is a fundamentally new method of gravitational analysis based on the quantum theory of gravity. The balance of the gravitational potentials of the gravitational field of a particle (body) inside the deformed quantized space-time is a constant. [1-8].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3841] viXra:1911.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 02:28:49

Ultrafast Quantum Motion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

KAIST researchers have reported the detection of a picosecond electron motion in a silicon transistor. [30] In quantum physics, some of the most interesting effects are the result of interferences. [29] When Nebraska's Herman Batelaan and colleagues recently submitted a research paper that makes the case for the existence of a non-Newtonian, quantum force, the journal asked that they place "force" firmly within quotes. [28] Computing the dynamics of many interacting quantum particles accurately is a daunting task. There is however a promising calculation method for such systems: tensor networks, which are being researched in the theory division at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3840] viXra:1911.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 08:16:39

Quaternionic Field Theory

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 37 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The correct specification of the concept of physical fields requires a platform in which these physical fields can be defined. This platform represents a base model that emerges from a Hilbert lattice, a vector space, and a number system. The number system must be an associative division ring. Dynamic fields require the selection of the quaternionic number system. Quaternionic fields are constructed eigenspaces of normal operators in a quaternionic Hilbert space. The base model supports symmetry-related fields and a field that always and everywhere exists. It acts as a repository for dynamic geometric data.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3839] viXra:1911.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 08:46:06

Microscope Snapshots of Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

This camera is currently the fastest electron detector in the world, capturing atomic snapshots at 87,000 frames per second: about 50 times faster than the current state of the art. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3838] viXra:1911.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-06 09:17:59

The Balance of the Quantum Density

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

The gravitational state of a particle (body) is characterized by four parameters of the quantum density of the medium inside the quantized space-time: p0, p1, p2, pn (1). Where 0 is quantum density of undeformed quantized space-time; p1 is quantum density of deformed quantized space-time outside of the particle (body); p2 is quantum density of deformed quantized space-time inside a particle (body); pn is imaginary quantum density of the quantized space-time. This is a fundamentally new method of gravitational analysis based on the quantum theory of gravity. The balance of the quantum density of the gravitational field of a particle (body) inside the quantized space-time is a constant: p0=p1+pn=Const [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3837] viXra:1911.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 15:30:58

The Balance of the Quantum Density of a Medium in Statics

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 1 Figures

The balance of the quantum density in dynamics is describing the state of a dynamic particle (body) in the entire range of speeds including the speed of light. The equations of dynamics are including the normalized relativistic factor. In the region of relativistic speeds, we observe a decrease in the quantum density of the medium around the particle (body) and the formation of a deeper gravitational well. Inside a particle (body) we observe an increase in the quantum density of the medium. Upon reaching the speed of light, the particle has the state of a black micro-hole. In this case, we will see that inside of the particle the quantum density doubles, and outside it there is a drop in the quantum density to zero [1-8].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3836] viXra:1911.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 02:43:32

Spooky Quantum Tunneling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 96 Pages.

This allowed the researchers to explore quantum tunneling, a phenomenon often used in undergraduate chemistry courses to demonstrate one of the "spookinesses" of quantum mechanics, Field says. [56] Measurements at the attosecond scale not only add an extra dimension for the future quantum technologies but also can fundamentally help in understanding the elephant of the quantum room: what is time? [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3835] viXra:1911.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 03:11:28

Light-Based Tractor Beam

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

The team adapted a light-based technology employed widely in biology-known as optical traps or optical tweezers-to operate in a water-free liquid environment of carbon-rich organic solvents, thereby enabling new potential applications. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3834] viXra:1911.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 10:49:42

Theory of an Electro-Cordic Field in Quantum Systems. I. (Revised)

Authors: R. Wayte.
Comments: 17 Pages.

A theory of electro-cordic guidewaves is developed to supplement the standard acausal statistical laws of quantum mechanics and account for the growth of accurate information from apparently random quantum events. Every effort is made to reveal the physical reality of the guidewaves which organise photons or electrons into predictable states. Einstein’s equations of general relativity have also been applied to hydrogen to yield energy levels identical to those of Dirac’s theory. A companion paper covers applications of electro-cordic guidewaves to interference, entanglement and superconductivity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3833] viXra:1911.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-05 12:35:07

Quantum Coherence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

In quantum physics, some of the most interesting effects are the result of interferences. [29] When Nebraska's Herman Batelaan and colleagues recently submitted a research paper that makes the case for the existence of a non-Newtonian, quantum force, the journal asked that they place "force" firmly within quotes. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3832] viXra:1911.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 17:48:26

Quantum Density of the Medium and Gravitational Potentials

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 2 Pages

The quantum theory of gravity characterizes the state of quantized space-time with a new parameter: the quantum density of the medium. The new parameter is the concentration of quantons in a unit volume of space. Quanton is a quantum of space-time is the basic particle in the quantum theory of gravity. The gravitational field inside the quantized space-time is characterized by four parameters of the quantum density of the medium: ρ0, ρ1 ρ2 ρn. The quantum density of the medium is an analogue of the gravitational potentials. Each parameter of the quantum density of the medium has its own analog of the gravitational potential: φ0, φ1 φ2 φn. Previously, the theory of gravity had only one gravitational potential: the Newtonian gravitational potential φn. Because of this, we had big problems for gravitational computing. The quantum density of the medium and additional gravitational potentials allowed us to solve many problems of the theory of gravity that were previously considered unsolvable. But we have the main thing: we created the quantum theory of gravity almost a quarter century ago [1, 2]. I am surprised when I see thousands of articles with the big names of the theory of quantum gravity, and inside these articles are empty and uninteresting. In theoretical physics, we have fierce competition between scientists. And only a few of them manage to say a newer word in physics once a century. I created the theory of Superunification, the theory of quantum gravity, quantum thermodynamics, quantum energy, a quantum engine and much more. The theory of Superunification is the basis of new energy and space technologies [1-6].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3831] viXra:1911.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 00:36:43

The Formula of the Speed of Light in a Quantized Space-Time

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

There is Einstein’s formula of 1911 which shows that the speed of light is not a constant, but it is a function of the gravitational potential [1]. This formula is not written correctly because the speed of light с enters the left and right sides of the formula. At that time, Einstein did not know that space-time is quantized space-time and it has its own gravitational potential equal to the square of the speed of light. This fact was established by me in 1996 [2, 3]. In the theory of Superunification, the formula of the speed of light is a very simple formula and it is equal to the square root of the gravitational action potential or it is equal to the square root of the quantum density of quantized space-time.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3830] viXra:1911.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-04 09:43:03

Quantum Communication Randomness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Random bit sequences are key ingredients of various tasks in modern life and especially in secure communication. In a new study researchers have determined that generating true random bit sequences, classical or quantum, is an impossible mission. [27] A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3829] viXra:1911.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 05:04:40

Printer Creates Holograms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new printer that produces digital 3-D holograms with an unprecedented level of detail and realistic color. [14] A professor and head of the Quantum Gravity Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), he grapples with this conundrum on a daily basis. [13] A team of researchers has now used the world's highest intensity neutron beamline facility, at J-PARC in central Japan, to push the limits of sensitivity for the study of gravitational force. [12] Two teams of researchers working independently of one another have come up with an experiment designed to prove that gravity and quantum mechanics can be reconciled. [11] Bose, Marletto and their colleagues believe their proposals constitute an improvement on Feynman's idea. They are based on testing whether the mass could be entangled with a second identical mass via the gravitational field. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3828] viXra:1911.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-03 15:14:11

Quantum Gravity Inside of the Gravitational Well

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 7 Pages, 3 Figures

Gravity is determined by the presence of a gravitational well around the gravitational mass. A gravitational well is a potential well that describes an inhomogeneous gravitational field of an energy gradient, a quantum density gradient of a medium, and a gravitational action potential gradient. The force of gravity is determined by the gradient of gravitational energy, the deformation vector of quantized space-time and the strength of the gravitational field. It should be noted that the force F of gravity is always directed to the bottom of the gravitational well in the direction of decreasing gravitational energy, quantum density of the medium and gravitational action potential [1-7].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3827] viXra:1911.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-02 09:16:26

The Energy Gradient is a Unified Formula for all Fundamental Forces

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

Scientists around the world have been looking for a unified physics formula for over a hundred years. But this formula has been known since the time of Newton. This formula is very simple - the force F is equal to the energy W gradient: F = gradW (1). This formula of the force (1) rarely used in the calculations. We use the calculations mainly according to Newton’s formula when the force F is equal to the mass m multiplied by the acceleration a: F=ma (2), where acceleration is the first derivative of velocity v with respect to time t or acceleration is the second derivative of the displacement x with respect to time t. Which formula is the main? The basic formula is: F = gradW (1). From the basic formula (1) all other formulas are derived including formula (2) and the law of universal gravitation. Formula (2) is secondary. Why the basic formula (1) is still in the shadows? The fact is that the energy gradient is based on the condition that energy fills all space-time like the ocean. This is an energy ocean. However, the Standard Model (SM) of Physics considers the zero energy level of a physical vacuum. But the zero energy gradients are zero. In a cosmic vacuum with a zero energy level should be no forces. But this contradicts the observed facts. In space there is a lot of forces and energy. It turns out that SM is a fake. In quantum the theory of Superunification I corrected all the errors of SM. In 1996, I discovered superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) - the fifth force (Superforce). SEI is the global energy field of the universe with the maximum level of energy. The SEI field has gradients of energy levels and it is heterogeneous. These energy gradients describe the action of all fundamental forces [1, 2].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3826] viXra:1911.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 00:44:07

Problems in Quantum Mechanics: Textbook. (In Russian)

Authors: Galitsky V. M., Karnakov B. M., Kogan V. I.
Comments: 648 Pages. in Russian. M.: Science, the Main edition of physical and mathematical literature, 1981.

The book contains 800 problems mainly on non-relativistic quantum mechanics, covering both the basic provisions and mathematical apparatus of the theory, as well as its numerous applications to atomic physics, nuclear and particle physics and physics of multiparticle systems. Considerable attention is paid to the computational methods of quantum mechanics: perturbation theory, quasiclassical approximation, variational method, sudden impact approximation, adiabatic method. Two chapters (out of a total of 16) include problems on elementary quantum radiation theory and relativistic wave equations. These problems are a useful introduction to the study of quantum field theory and particle physics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3825] viXra:1911.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 02:22:29

The Normalized Relativistic Factor: the Leonov's Factor

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages

Relativistic factor relate to the theory of relativity. The fact of the unification of the theory of relativity and quantum theory takes place in the theory of quantum gravitation as a part of the theory of Superunification [1, 2]. Therefore, it became possible for us to relate the region of relativism to quantum physics. The main problem of relativism is the problem of infinite values of mass and energy during the acceleration of an elementary particle to the speed of light. We solved this problem by introducing a normalized relativistic factor - the Leonov's factor which was introduced into theoretical physics after the discovery of the quanton in 1996. The normalized relativistic factor limits the upper limit of the mass and energy of relativistic particles and excludes infinity. So, a proton when reaching the speed of light should have a limited mass equal to the mass of an iron asteroid with a diameter of 1 km. When the speed of light is reached, the relativistic particle passes into the state of the relativistic black micro-hole, limiting its parameters.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3824] viXra:1911.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 03:25:13

Evading Heisenberg Quantum Uncertainty

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 95 Pages.

EPFL researchers, with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and IBM Research-Zurich, unravel novel dynamics in the interaction between light and mechanical motion with significant implications for quantum measurements designed to evade the influence of the detector in the notorious 'back action limit' problem. [56] We don't have to get into what they claimed was the mechanism for destroying interference, because our experiment has shown there is an effect on the velocity of the particle, of just the size Heisenberg predicted. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3823] viXra:1911.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 07:31:17

Gravitational Diagram of a Non-Ideal Black Hole

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

In [1], we examined the parameters and properties of an ideal black hole. The ideal black holes characterized discontinuities of the quantized space-time on the surface of the black hole. Its formation is completed. Such a black hole is completely invisible. Non-ideal black holes do not have discontinuities of quantized space-time on the surface of a black hole. Its formation is not completed. Such a black hole has a visible glow due to the reflection of photons from its surface. We describe the state of a black hole by a system of equations in the form of a two-component solution of the Poisson equation for the quantum density of the medium and gravitational potentials. An analysis of the spherical deformation of quantized space-time allows us to look inside a black hole and describe its external gravitational field.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3822] viXra:1911.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 08:09:32

Hall Response in Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

A few months ago, a team of researchers led by Louis Taillefer at the University of Sherbrooke measured the thermal Hall conductivity in several compounds of copper, oxygen and other elements that are also high-temperature superconductors known as 'cuprates.' [26] Now, a new study in the journal Nature by scientists from Spain, the U.S., China and Japan shows that superconductivity can be turned on or off with a small voltage change, increasing its usefulness for electronic devices. [25] Superconducting nanowires could be used as both targets and sensors for the direct detection of dark matter, physicists in Israel and the US have shown. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3821] viXra:1911.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2019-11-01 08:24:40

Josephson Vortices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Josephson Vortices MIPT physicists have learned how to locally control Josephson vortices. The discovery can be used for quantum electronics superconducting devices and future quantum processors. [27] A few months ago, a team of researchers led by Louis Taillefer at the University of Sherbrooke measured the thermal Hall conductivity in several compounds of copper, oxygen and other elements that are also high-temperature superconductors known as 'cuprates.' [26] Now, a new study in the journal Nature by scientists from Spain, the U.S., China and Japan shows that superconductivity can be turned on or off with a small voltage change, increasing its usefulness for electronic devices. [25] Superconducting nanowires could be used as both targets and sensors for the direct detection of dark matter, physicists in Israel and the US have shown. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3820] viXra:1910.0652 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-31 00:06:21

An Entropy Perspective of the Pilot-Wave Theory in Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Krishna RP
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this article, a modified picture of de Broglie-Bohm (dBB) picture is presented from the perspective of information exchange. The vacuum zero-point energy (ZPE) fluctuations are incorporated into the entropy because the interactions between the particle and ZPE should be treated similar to measurements in that they result in a pilot- wave. The inclusion of a term in the entropy resulting from mutual exchange of information between the particle and the vacuum (through ZPE) necessarily leads to the dBB picture.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3819] viXra:1910.0651 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-31 01:28:44

Gravitational Diagram of an Ideal Black Hole

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

Black holes can only be inside quantized space-time. Without quantized space-time, black holes cannot exist. In this regard, all known work on black holes requires adjustment. We describe the state of a black hole by a system of equations in the form of a two-component solution of the Poisson equation for the quantum density of the medium and gravitational potentials. An analysis of the spherical deformation of quantized space-time allows us to look inside a black hole and describe its external gravitational field. We consider two types of black holes: black holes ideal and non-ideal black holes. The ideal black holes characterized discontinuities of the quantized space-time on the surface of the black hole. Its formation is completed. Such a black hole is completely invisible. Non-ideal black holes do not have discontinuities of quantized space-time on the surface of a black hole. Its formation is not completed. Such a black hole has a visible glow due to the reflection of photons from its surface. The quantum density of the medium inside the black hole is doubled due to its gravitational compression. Cosmic bodies falling into a black hole break up into quarks already on its surface. Only quarks can penetrate inside a black hole through its surface. Quarks can restore matter inside a black hole. The giant black hole inside may look like a new universe. The gravitational forces inside the black hole are determined by the gradient of the quantum density of the medium, which is characterized by the deformation vector of quantized space-time. It is possible that within a giant black hole can form star systems and planets with weak gravity like Earth where life is possible.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3818] viXra:1910.0646 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-31 07:58:39

Switchable Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Now, a new study in the journal Nature by scientists from Spain, the U.S., China and Japan shows that superconductivity can be turned on or off with a small voltage change, increasing its usefulness for electronic devices. [25] Superconducting nanowires could be used as both targets and sensors for the direct detection of dark matter, physicists in Israel and the US have shown. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium-the vast, largely empty space between galaxies-to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far-and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3817] viXra:1910.0643 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-31 10:46:11

Quantum Chip 1000 Times Smaller

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Researchers at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed a quantum communication chip that is 1,000 times smaller than current quantum setups, but offers the same superior security quantum technology is known for. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39] Research in the quantum optics lab of Prof. Barak Dayan in the Weizmann Institute of Science may be bringing the development of such computers one step closer by providing the "quantum gates" that are required for communication within and between such quantum computers. [38] Calculations of a quantum system's behavior can spiral out of control when they involve more than a handful of particles. [37] Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have reached a new milestone on the way to optical computing, or the use of light instead of electricity for computing. [36] The key technical novelty of this work is the creation of semantic embeddings out of structured event data. [35] The researchers have focussed on a complex quantum property known as entanglement, which is a vital ingredient in the quest to protect sensitive data. [34] Cryptography is a science of data encryption providing its confidentiality and integrity. [33] Researchers at the University of Sheffield have solved a key puzzle in quantum physics that could help to make data transfer totally secure. [32]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3816] viXra:1910.0631 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-30 02:11:21

Light Promises Secure Communications

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Structured light is a fancy way to describe patterns or pictures of light, but deservedly so as it promises future communications that will be both faster and more secure. [17] The experiment has managed to prepare a remote quantum state; i.e., absolutely secure communication was established with another, physically separated quantum computer for the first time in the microwave regime. [16] Quantum physics has led to new types of sensors, secure data transmission methods and researchers are working toward computers. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3815] viXra:1910.0627 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-30 08:26:56

Microcavity Boosts Nonlinear Optics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Silica optical microcavities are mainstay photonic devices, valued for their intrinsically ultra-low loss in the broadband spectra and mature fabrication processes, but unfortunately, they suffer from low second-and third-order optical nonlinearity. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3814] viXra:1910.0625 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-30 09:05:52

Superconductor Remembers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

This discovery opens a new avenue of research into how these intriguing materials work, bringing scientists one step closer to a complete picture of electronic behavior in cuprates. [34] Now in a new study, researchers have discovered the existence of a positive feedback loop that gratly enhances the superconductivity of cuprates and may shed light on the origins of high-temperature cuprate superconductivity-considered one of the most important open questions in physics. [33] Using ultracold atoms, researchers at Heidelberg University have found an exotic state of matter where the constituent particles pair up when limited to two dimensions. [32] Neutron diffraction at the Australian Centre for Neutron Scattering has clarified the absence of magnetic order and classified the superconductivity of a new next-generation of superconductors in a paper published in Europhysics Letters. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3813] viXra:1910.0623 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-30 09:25:01

Next-Generation Holograms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Metasurfaces are optically thin metamaterials that can control the wavefront of light completely, although they are primarily used to control the phase of light. [37] Researchers from the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) have invented a new type of anti-counterfeiting technology called holographic colour prints for securing important documents such as identity cards, passports and banknotes. [36] Holography is a powerful tool that can reconstruct wavefronts of light and combine the fundamental wave properties of amplitude, phase, polarization, wave vector and frequency. [35] Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32] "The realization of such all-optical single-HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/photon/" photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/information+processing/" information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3812] viXra:1910.0621 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-30 10:35:51

Gravitational Diagram of a Nucleon for Gravitational Potentials

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 7 Pages, 2 Figures

In [1], we examined the properties of the gravitational diagram for the quantum density of a medium. The gravity diagram clearly shows us the process of deformation of quantized space-time under the influence of gravitation. Up to this point, the theory of gravity has been limited to Einstein's curvature and its geometry of four-dimensional space-time. We retained Einstein's concept of gravity of curved space-time, and instead of its curvature, we introduced a deformation vector D into the theory of quantum gravity [2-5]. The theory of quantum gravity does not use probabilistic methods like wave mechanics. Einstein was right when he claimed that "God does not play dice." The quantum theory of gravity uses a new parameter - the quantum density of the medium and determinism [6]. This is the concentration of quantons per unit volume. The deformation of the quantum density of the medium is the basis of quantum gravity. Such models of deformation of the quantum density of the medium are very convenient for us for the analysis of gravity and the gravitational field. These models are visual and can avoid methodological errors in the calculations of the gravitational field and its energy. However, we are not used to new gravity models using the quantum density of the medium and the deformation vector D. But the quantum density of the medium is an analogue of the gravitational potentials familiar to us. We propose to do an analysis of the gravitational diagram for gravitational potentials.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3811] viXra:1910.0610 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-29 03:42:52

Gravitational Diagram of a Nucleon for Quantum Density of a Medium

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 6 Pages, 2 Figures

The gravity diagram shows a graphical distribution of the quantum density of the medium or gravitational potentials around the nucleon and inside it. The gravitational field of a proton is a gravitational well around a proton. This is a potential well. The presence of a gravitational well at a proton and atomic nucleus was not previously taken into account in the physics of elementary particles and the atomic nucleus. However, the gravitational pit around the atomic nucleus is fundamental in describing the properties of an orbital electron. On the surface of a proton at its gravitational boundary, we observe a jump in the quantum density of the medium. The quantum density of the medium is an analogue of the gravitational potential. However, the processes of deformation of quantized space-time are much more convenient and easier to study by analyzing the change in the quantum density of the medium.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3810] viXra:1910.0609 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-29 03:46:19

Valleytronics Quantum States

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 100 Pages.

An international research team led by physicists at the University of California, Riverside, has revealed a new quantum process in valleytronics that can speed up the development of this fairly new technology. [59] Scientists from the University of Bristol and the Technical University of Denmark have found a promising new way to build the next generation of quantum simulators combining light and silicon micro-chips. [58] Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3809] viXra:1910.0608 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-29 04:13:53

Topological Nanoelectronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

The topological QPC, first implemented at JMU Würzburg, offers an exciting perspective in this respect. [27] A certain kind of material, called a topological insulator, acts partially like one and partially like the other-it behaves like a conductor at its surface and an insulator in its interior. [26] Topological insulators (TIs) host exotic physics that could shed new light on the fundamental laws of nature. [25] A new study by scientists from the University of Bristol brings us a significant step closer to unleashing the revolutionary potential of quantum computing by harnessing silicon fabrication technology to build complex on-chip quantum optical circuits. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23] An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have created the world's first quantum metamaterial that can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. [22] ETH physicists have developed a silicon wafer that behaves like a topological insulator when stimulated using ultrasound. They have thereby succeeded in turning an abstract theoretical concept into a macroscopic product. [21] Cheng Chin, professor in the Department of Physics, and his team looked at an experimental setup of tens of thousands of atoms cooled down to near absolute zero. As the system crossed a quantum phase transition, they measured its behavior with an extremely sensitive imaging system. [20] Scientists from three UK universities are to test one of the fundamental laws of physics as part of a major Europe-wide project awarded more than £3m in funding. ]19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3808] viXra:1910.0606 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-29 04:39:26

Quantum Supremacy Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

For the first time ever, a quantum computer has performed a computational task that would be essentially impossible for a conventional computer to complete, according to a team from Google. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3807] viXra:1910.0604 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-29 05:48:03

Energy Transmit with Laser

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

On one end of the of the testing facility-one of the largest test facilities for model ships in the world-the receiver was converting the laser energy to DC power, which an inverter was turning into AC power to run lights, several laptops, and a coffeemaker that the organizers were using to make coffee for the attendees, or "laser lattes." [38] A new laser-pointing platform developed at MIT may help launch miniature satellites into the high-rate data game. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3806] viXra:1910.0601 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-29 07:34:13

Light with Intrinsic Chirality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Light is the fastest way to distinguish right-and left-handed chiral molecules, which has important applications in chemistry and biology. [36] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have fabricated a multiplexer/demultiplexer module based on a property of light that was not being exploited in communications systems: the optical vortex. [35] Optical chips are still some way behind electronic chips, but we're already seeing the results and this research could lead to a complete revolution in computer power. [34] Electronics could work faster if they could read and write data at terahertz frequency, rather than at a few gigahertz. [33] A team of researchers led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated a new method for splitting light beams into their frequency modes. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3805] viXra:1910.0599 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-29 08:41:08

Electromagnetic Duality of Maxwell Theory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Researchers at the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI) and Tohoku University in Japan have recently identified an anomaly in the electromagnetic duality of Maxwell Theory. [37] Light is the fastest way to distinguish right-and left-handed chiral molecules, which has important applications in chemistry and biology. [36] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have fabricated a multiplexer/demultiplexer module based on a property of light that was not being exploited in communications systems: the optical vortex. [35] Optical chips are still some way behind electronic chips, but we're already seeing the results and this research could lead to a complete revolution in computer power. [34] Electronics could work faster if they could read and write data at terahertz frequency, rather than at a few gigahertz. [33] A team of researchers led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated a new method for splitting light beams into their frequency modes. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3804] viXra:1910.0591 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-28 02:58:48

Deformation Vector D of Quantum Density is the Basis of Quantum Gravity

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 5 Pages

The fact of unification the general theory of relativity (GR) and quantum theory takes place in the theory of Superunification. The Standard Model (SM) is an imperfect model of physics that is incapable of unification with gravity. Physicists have been searching for a new particle such as graviton, strings, Higgs boson and others particles to create the Superunification for many decades. But they could not do this. It was a difficult task and I solved it. I made the theory of Superunification [1]. Quanton is a new four-dimensional particle of time and space which forms the basis of the theory of Superunification. The quantum density of a medium is the concentration of quantons in a unit volume of quantized space-time. The deformation (Einstein's curvature) of quantized space-time is the basis of gravity. The deformation vector D of the quantum density of the medium determines the magnitude and direction of gravitational forces. Gravity occurs when there is a gradient of the quantum density of the medium inside the quantized space-time. The gradient of the quantum density of the medium characterizes the strength of the gravitational field and is described by the deformation vector D. This concerns the creation of artificial gravity (antigravity) forces in the development of non-reactive quantum engines for space. My company has created several types of Leonov's quantum engines that have been successfully tested. The test results of quantum engines were formalized in a protocol and published in scientific journals [1, 2, 3]. A quantum engine is 100 times more efficient than a liquid-propellant rocket engine (LRE). We see the triumph of the theory of Superunification.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3803] viXra:1910.0580 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-28 08:17:00

Optical Regimes using Spin Currents

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

A University of Wyoming researcher and his team have shown that the spin Seebeck effect (SSE) can be used to detect light across a broad optical range-ultraviolet through visible to near-infrared. [19] Particles can exchange their spin, and in this way spin currents can be formed in a material. [18] Researchers have shown that certain superconductors-materials that carry electrical current with zero resistance at very low temperatures-can also carry currents of 'spin'. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3802] viXra:1910.0564 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-27 23:35:16

Derivation of Born's Rule as a Limiting Case of the Relative Frequency of Detection Using Single-Quamtum Events

Authors: N Gurappa
Comments: 18 pages, 1 figure, this paper is a completely rewritten version of the first part of the paper viXra:1908.0538

A new 'wave-particle non-dualistic interpretation of quantum mechanics at a single-quantum level' is presented by interpreting the Schrödinger wave function as an 'instantaneous resonant spatial mode' (IRSM) to which a quantum is confined and moves akin to the case of a test particle in the curved space-time of the general theory of relativity. This union of the wave and particle natures into a single entity is termed as non-duality. Using quantum formalism, the IRSM is shown to induce dual-vectors at the boundaries and interacts according to the inner-product. The overall phase associated with the state vector, which never contributes to the inner-product, is related to a particular eigenstate of an observable where the particle resides. This eigenstate becomes the natural outcome during observation of a single-quantum's single event. Observation over a large number of identical quanta, differing only by overall phases, results in the relative frequency of detection which yields Born's rule as a limiting case proving the absence of measurement problem in quantum mechanics. The non-duality not only provides the actual mechanism for the 'wave function collapse' but also statistically becomes equivalent to the Copenhagen interpretation. An explicit derivation for the Born rule using individual quantum events is provided by considering an example of spin-1/2 particles in the Stern-Gerlach experiment. In this regard, a generalized representation for the SU (2) algebra, facilitating the description of single-quantum events, is constructed without any deviations from the quantum formalism.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3801] viXra:1910.0561 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-27 04:02:19

A Inconsistency in Modern Physics and a Simple Solution

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, we will point out an important inconsistency in modern physics. When relativistic momentum and relativistic energy are combined with key concepts around Planck momentum and Planck energy, we find an inconsistency that has not been shown before. The inconsistency seems to be rooted in the fact that momentum as defined today is linked to the de Broglie wavelength. By rewriting the momentum equation in the form of the Compton wavelength instead, we get a consistent theory. This has a series of implications for physics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3800] viXra:1910.0557 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-27 07:49:52

The Universe Should Not Actually Exist, CERN Scientists Discover

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 24 Pages

CERN scientists cannot explain the absence of antimatter in the universe (Nature) [1]. An analysis of the methods of their experiments is not theoretically substantiated. They do not know the structure of the proton and antiproton. They measure the magnetism of proton and antiproton with the highest accuracy. But they did not find a difference in the magnetic properties of these particles. But they make strange statements to the media: “The Universe Should Not Actually Exist” [2]. But the universe existed and will exist regardless of the results of the CERN experiments. This only confirms the fact that these experiments are not theoretically substantiated. Scientists at CERN are required to study the theory of Superunification [3, 4] in order to correctly conduct their experiments. They need to know that in nature there is no antimatter but there is a quantized space-time that is characterized by electromagnetic symmetry [5] and electrical asymmetry [6]. All the diversity of animate and inanimate nature in the universe is determined by only four quarks: two electrical ±e and two magnetic ±g [3, 4].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3799] viXra:1910.0553 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-27 11:35:11

Shortest Refutation of the Gaus, Rodrigues, and Hamilton Quaternion

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the definitions of the Gaus, Rodrigues, and Hamilton quaternion as not tautologous for the shortest refutation of the quaternion, to form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3798] viXra:1910.0533 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-26 13:04:20

Two-Component Solution of the Poisson Gravitational Equation

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 9 Pages, 1 Figures

The theory of Superunification is a quantum theory of gravity or a theory of quantum gravity [1]. The theory of Superunification combines the general relativity (GR) and quantum theory. The theory of Superunification is a new quantum theory. Its basis is a new four-dimensional particle quanton - a quantum of space-time. The development of quantum theory is unthinkable without a quanton. The old quantum theory was limited by probabilistic parameters. Einstein was right when he claimed that "God does not play dice". The theory of Superunification as a new quantum theory is the theory of determinism which makes the description of complex quantum phenomena simple and understandable by classical methods. This is a new methodology in quantum theory. Two-Component Solution of the Poisson Gravitational Equation for the Quantum Density of a Medium there is an example of this new methodology. Einstein showed us that the basis of gravity is the curvature of four-dimensional space-time. But if we have a space curvature then this curvature should be compensated by its compression. Otherwise, we will have an unstable system capable of gravitational collapse. But four-dimensional space-time as a quantized medium is a stable system. And this stability of space-time gives us a two-component solution of the Poisson gravitational equation for the quantum density of the medium. So at the birth of the mass of an elementary particle inside quantized space-time, its spherical deformation occurs. We observe a compression of the quantum density of the medium inside the particle due to its extension from the outside. Thus was born the mass of an elementary particle. The two-component solution of the Poisson equation for the first time describes the process the birth of the mass of an elementary particle inside quantized space-time at the quantum level [1].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3797] viXra:1910.0529 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 03:04:18

Hidden Quantum Information

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Imaging techniques that employ quantum light are increasing in importance nowadays, since their capabilities in terms of resolution and sensitivity can surpass classical limitations and, in addition, they do not damage the sample. [28] At the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, researchers have realized the swap of electron spins between distant quantum dots. [27] A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3796] viXra:1910.0528 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 03:05:43

Electromagnetic Symmetry of the Universe

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

Our universe has an electromagnetic symmetry and electrical asymmetry. These physical phenomena are described in detail in the theory of Superunification [1, 3]. I want to draw your attention once again to the fact that quantized space-time has an electromagnetic structure and it has electromagnetic symmetry. This symmetry manifests itself as the complete equivalence of the electric and magnetic forces acting between the quarks inside the quanton. Quanton consists of four quarks: two electrical and two magnetic. Quanton is a particle of the field that serves as a carrier of electromagnetism inside quantized space-time. Electromagnetic symmetry is observed experimentally in the electromagnetic wave in vacuum at equivalence its electrical and magnetic components.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3795] viXra:1910.0525 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 04:30:42

Google's Quantum Supremacy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Google’s Sycamore quantum processor hit the headlines in September when a leaked draft paper suggested that the device is the first to have achieved quantum supremacy by solving a problem more than a billion times faster than a conventional (classical) supercomputer. [24] According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3794] viXra:1910.0524 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 04:51:48

Hard Sell of Quantum Software

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Quantum computers certainly have potential. In theory, they can solve problems that classical computers cannot handle at all, at least in any realistic time frame. [25] Google’s Sycamore quantum processor hit the headlines in September when a leaked draft paper suggested that the device is the first to have achieved quantum supremacy by solving a problem more than a billion times faster than a conventional (classical) supercomputer. [24] According to product chief Trystan Upstill, the news app "uses the best of artificial intelligence to find the best of human intelligence—the great reporting done by journalists around the globe." [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3793] viXra:1910.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 05:53:00

Quantum Optics Experiment on the Test of Empty Wave Hypothesis

Authors: V.A. Skrebnev, M.V. Polski
Comments: 7 Pages.

The experiment measured the absorption of single photons by absorbers with various absorption coefficients, in one of the beams, after the photons interacted with the beam splitter. The measurements showed that the absorption corresponds to single photon traveling in either one or another beam. The measurements support the original empty wave hypothesis which has been advanced in a number of works.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3792] viXra:1910.0516 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 08:20:20

Quantum Battery Doesn't Lose Charge

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Scientists from the universities of Alberta and Toronto developed a blueprint for a new quantum battery that doesn't leak charge. [36] Researchers of the Institute of Photonic Integration of the Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) have developed a 'hybrid technology' which shows the advantages of both light and magnetic hard drives. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3791] viXra:1910.0513 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 09:49:56

Single-Atom Qubits under Microscope

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Our team at IBM Research made a breakthrough in controlling the quantum behavior of individual atoms, demonstrating a versatile new building block for quantum computation. [23] The team showed that the single-atom magnets can endure relatively high temperatures and strong external magnetic fields. The work could lead to the development of extremely high-density data storage devices. [22] One of these are single-atom magnets: storage devices consisting of individual atoms stuck ("adsorbed") on a surface, each atom able to store a single bit of data that can be written and read using quantum mechanics. [21] Physicists have experimentally demonstrated 18-qubit entanglement, which is the largest entangled state achieved so far with individual control of each qubit. [20] University of Adelaide-led research has moved the world one step closer to reliable, high-performance quantum computing. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3790] viXra:1910.0512 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 10:20:36

Rapid Laser Solve Phase Retrieval

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

Physicists can explore tailored physical systems to rapidly solve challenging computational tasks by developing spin simulators, combinatorial optimization and focusing light through scattering media. [39] When exposed to intense laser pulses, the magnetization of a material can be manipulated very fast. [38] A new laser-pointing platform developed at MIT may help launch miniature satellites into the high-rate data game. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3789] viXra:1910.0511 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 10:33:48

Two-Color Laser Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

When photons of light interact with particles of matter, a diverse variety of physical processes can unfold in ultrafast timescales. [40] Physicists can explore tailored physical systems to rapidly solve challenging computational tasks by developing spin simulators, combinatorial optimization and focusing light through scattering media. [39] When exposed to intense laser pulses, the magnetization of a material can be manipulated very fast. [38] A new laser-pointing platform developed at MIT may help launch miniature satellites into the high-rate data game. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3788] viXra:1910.0507 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 15:25:25

Hidden Global Energy of the Universe

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages, 2 Figures

Is the total energy measurable in the universe? I found this question on the Internet www.quora.com. No one answered this question. The zero-energy universe hypothesis proposes that the total amount of energy in the universe is exactly zero: its amount of positive energy in the form of matter is exactly canceled out by its negative energy in the form of gravity [1, 2]. But is it really so? I have the opposite opinion. New physics in the form of the quantum theory of Superunification gives us new knowledge about the universe and its energy [3]. The theory of Superunification is physics on the contrary. The Standard Model (SM) of physics has a zero energy level of cosmic vacuum. The theory of Superunification, on the contrary, establishes the maximum energy level of the cosmic vacuum. This maximum energy level is due to the quantized space-time structure which consists of quantons. Quanton has a small diameter (Leonov's length) and it consists of four quarks: two electrical ±e and two magnetic ±g [4]. Such a system of quarks makes it possible to calculate the energy accumulated in it. We multiply the energy of one quanton by the quantum density of the medium [5] and obtain the energy accumulated in one cubic meter of space vacuum which is equivalent energy to the mass of the substance of the whole universe. These energy values are incomparable. So, the calculations showed that 100% of the energy is accumulated inside the quantized space-time. This is the hidden global energy of the universe.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3787] viXra:1910.0506 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-25 17:53:29

Tensioning of the Electromagnetic Superstring

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 2 Figures

We have a sign-alternating superstring composed of quantons inside quantized space-time. Quanton includes four quarks: two electrical ±e and two magnetic ±g. Quarks have attractive forces according to Coulomb's law. The diameter of the quanton is Leon's length. The quantons have a tight packing inside the superstring. We can calculate the attractive forces between the quantons inside the superstring. A thin superstring composed of quantons can alone hold the Earth in orbit around the Sun. The quantized space-time has tremendous elasticity and tensioning.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3786] viXra:1910.0504 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-24 15:44:46

Electrical Asymmetry of the Universe

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 5 Figures

Our universe is characterized by electromagnetic symmetry and electrical asymmetries. These new problems of symmetry and asymmetry of quantized space-time were raised for the first time in the theory of Superunification [1, 2]. We needed to understand how substance and its mass are born from quantized space-time. This applies to both elementary particles and cosmological objects (planets, stars, galaxies, black holes), as well as the state of the universe itself. We need to describe the parameters of elementary particles and cosmological objects in the language of mathematics from the standpoint of quantum theory. This is possible only after unification the general theory of relativity (GR) and the quantum theory that was made in the theory of Superunification. In this case, all events unfold in a single field in the form of quantized space-time and players in the role of which are the electrical charges-quarks. The field of quantized space-time is characterized by electromagnetic symmetry, and the players in this field are due to the appearance of the electrical asymmetry of the Universe.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3785] viXra:1910.0500 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-24 22:09:17

Consciousness and the Problem of Quantum Measurement

Authors: Chris Allen Broka
Comments: Pages.

A variant of the von Neumann-Wigner Interpretation is proposed. It does not make use of the familiar language of wave functions and observers. Instead it pictures the state of the physical world as a vector in a Fock space and, therefore not, literally, a function of any spacetime coordinates. And, rather than segregating consciousness into individual points of view (each carrying with it a sense of its proper time), this model proposes only unitary states of consciousness, Q(t), where t represents a fiducial time with respect to which both the state of the physical world and the state of consciousness evolve. States in our world's Fock space are classified as either 'admissible' (meaning they correspond to definite states of consciousness) or 'inadmissible' (meaning they do not). The evolution of the state vector of the world is such as to always keep it restricted to 'admissible' states. Consciousness is treated very much like what Chalmers calls an "M-Property." But we try to show that problems with the quantum Zeno effect do not arise from this model.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3784] viXra:1910.0497 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-24 02:33:33

Basis of the Theory of Superunification

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

The basis of the theory of Superunification is electric e and magnetic g integer (whole) charges-quarks. Entire quarks have no mass. Entire electric quark has an electric charge e equal to the elemental charge of an electron. The elementary magnetic charge g is related to the elementary electric charge e by the ratio g=Ce and is measured in Leons, where C is the speed of light [2]. The value of the elementary electric charge e is verified with tremendous precision. Entire quarks are the most stable constants in the universe and are independent of pressure, temperature, speed, the quantum density of the medium, gravitation, and the entire range of natural factors. Entire quarks are part of a quanton and quantized space-time.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3783] viXra:1910.0495 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-24 04:41:56

Molecular Spintronics for Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

With the advantage of small size and long-lived spins, it is only a matter of time before they cement their spot in the roadmap for quantum technologies. [36] The characteristics of a new, iron-containing type of material that is thought to have future applications in nanotechnology and spintronics have been determined at Purdue University. [35] A novel technique that nudges single atoms to switch places within an atomically thin material could bring scientists another step closer to realizing theoretical physicist Richard Feynman's vision of building tiny machines from the atom up. [34] One of the most enduring "Holy Grail" experiments in science has been attempts to directly observe atomic motions during structural changes. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3782] viXra:1910.0490 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-24 06:52:25

Flexible, Transparent Lasers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

The interest in plastic electronics and photonics has experienced a significant increase in the last decades due to the exceptional optical, semiconducting and mechanical properties of these materials. [24] Although previous research shows that metal nanoparticles have properties useful for various biomedical applications, many mysteries remain regarding how these tiny materials form, including the processes that generate size variations. [23] With a novel electrochemical biosensing device that identifies the tiniest signals these biomarkers emit, a pair of NJIT inventors are hoping to bridge this gap. [22] The dark skin pigment melanin protects against the sun's damaging rays by absorbing light energy and converting it to heat. [21] Wang, Bren Professor of Medical Engineering and Electrical Engineering, is using PAM to improve on an existing technology for measuring the oxygen-consumption rate (OCR) in collaboration with Professor Jun Zou at Texas A&M University. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3781] viXra:1910.0489 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-24 07:16:46

Infrared Detectors for Night Vision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 83 Pages.

Much like some snakes use infrared to "see" at night, University of Central Florida researchers are working to create similar viper vision to improve the sensitivity of night-vision cameras. [49] Plasmonic materials can uniquely control the electromagnetic spectrum due to nano-scale surface architecture. [48] A research group led by Yasuhiro Kuramitsu at Osaka University has revealed a magnetic reconnection driven by electron dynamics for the first time ever in laser-produced plasmas using the Gekko XII laser facility at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3780] viXra:1910.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-24 11:31:43

Electromagnetic Quantization of the Universe

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages, 4 Figures

We live in an electromagnetic universe. Electromagnetism it is the foundation of our universe. Galaxies, stars, planets and nature have arisen from this electromagnetism as primordial matter. This is the global electromagnetic field of the universe that I discovered in 1996 [1, 2]. Quanton is a new particle of the quantum of space-time and it is the carrier of superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI). Quanton includes four quarks: two electrical ± e and two magnetic ± g and it unite electricity and magnetism in the global field SEI [1, 4]. The diameter of the quanton is very small; it is 10 orders of magnitude smaller than the diameter of the proton. It is an ultra microworld. This is an ultra microcosm at the level of fundamental Leonov's length [5, 6]. Therefore, we cannot observe the SEI field at the level of real dimensions. We can observe only a violation of the electromagnetic equilibrium of the SEI field as a manifestation of the laws of electromagnetic induction and Maxwell's equations. Gravity is a deformation of the SEI field (Einstein's curvature). Quantization of the universe is the physical process of filling quantons of its volume. But we don’t know who did it [1].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3779] viXra:1910.0478 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-23 15:49:01

Fundamental Length - Leonov's Length

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 4 Pages, 6 Figures

Physicists have searched for the fundamental length of nearly a hundred years. Physicists did not have a clear physical definition of the fundamental length. In my opinion, the fundamental length determines the linear boundary between the continuous spatial continuum and its transition to a discrete state. Namely, the diameter of a quanton characterizes the discreteness of quantized space-time. The diameter of a quanton is a fundamental length - Leon's length.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3778] viXra:1910.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-23 02:00:03

Quantum Density of the Universe

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 1 Pages

Quantum density of the universe is one of the basic parameters that describe its condition. Our universe is heterogeneous and curved (it is not flat). Quantum density is the concentration of quantons in a unit volume of quantized space-time. This parameter was first introduced by me in the theory of Superunification [1]. Quantum theory now allows us to mathematically describe a quantized universe as a function of the distribution of the quantum density of a medium.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3777] viXra:1910.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-23 07:22:20

Quantum Leap in Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Scientists claimed Wednesday to have achieved a near-mythical state of computing in which a new generation of machine vastly outperforms the world's fastest super-computer, known as "quantum supremacy". [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3776] viXra:1910.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-23 07:52:18

Quantum Material Explained

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

The characteristics of a new, iron-containing type of material that is thought to have future applications in nanotechnology and spintronics have been determined at Purdue University. [35] A novel technique that nudges single atoms to switch places within an atomically thin material could bring scientists another step closer to realizing theoretical physicist Richard Feynman's vision of building tiny machines from the atom up. [34] One of the most enduring "Holy Grail" experiments in science has been attempts to directly observe atomic motions during structural changes. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3775] viXra:1910.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-23 08:15:36

Bendable Light Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Bendable light beams have significant applications in optical manipulation, optical imaging, routing, micromachining and nonlinear optics. [26] Karimi's team has successfully built and operated the first-ever quantum simulator designed specifically for simulating cyclic (ringed-shaped) systems. [25] A new Tel Aviv University study explores the generation and propagation of excitons in 2D materials within an unprecedented small time frame and at an extraordinarily high spatial resolution. [24] An international team of researchers led out of Macquarie University has demonstrated a new approach for converting ordinary laser light into genuine quantum light. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3774] viXra:1910.0458 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-23 08:29:03

Magnetic Image Spins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Cornell researchers have put a new spin on measuring and controlling spins in nickel oxide, with an eye toward improving electronic devices' speed and memory capacity. [27] Bendable light beams have significant applications in optical manipulation, optical imaging, routing, micromachining and nonlinear optics. [26] Karimi's team has successfully built and operated the first-ever quantum simulator designed specifically for simulating cyclic (ringed-shaped) systems. [25] A new Tel Aviv University study explores the generation and propagation of excitons in 2D materials within an unprecedented small time frame and at an extraordinarily high spatial resolution. [24] An international team of researchers led out of Macquarie University has demonstrated a new approach for converting ordinary laser light into genuine quantum light. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3773] viXra:1910.0457 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-23 08:47:21

Excitons of Electronic Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Excitons are quasiparticles made from the excited state of electrons and-according to research being carried out EPFL-have the potential to boost the energy efficiency of our everyday devices. [30] After developing a method to control exciton flows at room temperature, EPFL scientists have discovered new properties of these quasiparticles that can lead to more energy-efficient electronic devices. [29] To build tomorrow's quantum computers, some researchers are turning to dark excitons, which are bound pairs of an electron and the absence of an electron called a hole. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3772] viXra:1910.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-22 15:20:26

Unit of Measurement of Magnetic Charge is Leon

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 8 Pages, 3 Figures

The problem of magnetic charge is the main scientific problem in creating the theory of Superunification. I knew the Dirac formula of magnetic charge for a magnetic monopole. Dirac considered the magnetic monopole as a free magnetic charge similar to a free electric charge. We observe experimentally the electrical charges. But the magnetic monopole was not discovered experimentally. This meant that the magnetic monopole does not exist in nature. But we observed magnetic fields. I perfectly understood that there should be a material carrier of a magnetic field in the form of a magnetic charge. The existing explanation that the cause of magnetism is electric current did not suit me. I found the correct answer to the question "Where is hidden magnetic charge?" in 1996. There is no magnetic monopole but inside the quanton there are integers magnetic quarks connected in pairs into magnetic dipoles. Magnetic quarks were first introduced into physics by me. Quanton consists of two magnetic and two electric quarks forming an electromagnetic quadrupole. Analyzing the electromagnetic properties of the quanton, I derived in 1996 the formula g = Ce correctly connecting magnetic g and electric e charges in the SI system through the speed of light C. The unit of measurement for magnetic charge is Leon.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3771] viXra:1910.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-22 01:40:33

Quantum World, Absolute Time , Schrodinger Equation and Pilot Waves.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 10 Pages. The meaning of Pilot wave in quantum world.

Modern physics is plagued by Copenhagen interpretation and relativistic space-time with a confusion on meaning of time . My pilot wave theory may give a direction to our misunderstanding from Copenhagen interpretation and a meaning of absolute time.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3770] viXra:1910.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-22 02:21:51

Quantum Knots Untie

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

Our researchers were the first to produce these knots as part of a collaboration between Aalto University and Amherst College, U.S., and they have now studied how the knots behave over time. [17] The groundbreaking result sheds light on an elusive phenomenon whose existence, a natural outcome of the hundred-year-old theory of superconductivity, has long been speculated, but never actually observed. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3769] viXra:1910.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-22 02:53:23

Strong Interaction of Light and Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Researchers have succeeded in creating an efficient quantum-mechanical light-matter interface using a microscopic cavity. [18] Our researchers were the first to produce these knots as part of a collaboration between Aalto University and Amherst College, U.S., and they have now studied how the knots behave over time. [17] The groundbreaking result sheds light on an elusive phenomenon whose existence, a natural outcome of the hundred-year-old theory of superconductivity, has long been speculated, but never actually observed. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3768] viXra:1910.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-22 04:05:49

Distribution of Accurate Time Signals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

JILA physicists and collaborators have demonstrated the first next-generation "time scale"-a system that incorporates data from multiple atomic clocks to produce a single highly accurate timekeeping signal for distribution. [19] Researchers have succeeded in creating an efficient quantum-mechanical light-matter interface using a microscopic cavity. [18] Our researchers were the first to produce these knots as part of a collaboration between Aalto University and Amherst College, U.S., and they have now studied how the knots behave over time. [17] The groundbreaking result sheds light on an elusive phenomenon whose existence, a natural outcome of the hundred-year-old theory of superconductivity, has long been speculated, but never actually observed. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3767] viXra:1910.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-22 05:10:11

Quantum Photonics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

UC Santa Barbara engineer Galan Moody, an assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering, has proposed a solution to overcome the poor efficiency and performance of existing quantum computing prototypes that use light to encode and process information. [20] JILA physicists and collaborators have demonstrated the first next-generation "time scale"-a system that incorporates data from multiple atomic clocks to produce a single highly accurate timekeeping signal for distribution. [19] Researchers have succeeded in creating an efficient quantum-mechanical light-matter interface using a microscopic cavity. [18] Our researchers were the first to produce these knots as part of a collaboration between Aalto University and Amherst College, U.S., and they have now studied how the knots behave over time. [17] The groundbreaking result sheds light on an elusive phenomenon whose existence, a natural outcome of the hundred-year-old theory of superconductivity, has long been speculated, but never actually observed. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3766] viXra:1910.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-22 06:25:15

Atomic-Scale Magnetic Signal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Probing the properties of a Mott insulator, a team of researchers from Boston College, MIT, and U.C. Santa Barbara has revealed an elusive atomic-scale magnetic signal in the unique material as it transitions from insulator to a metal, the team reported recently in the journal Nature Physics. [21] UC Santa Barbara engineer Galan Moody, an assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering, has proposed a solution to overcome the poor efficiency and performance of existing quantum computing prototypes that use light to encode and process information. [20] JILA physicists and collaborators have demonstrated the first next-generation "time scale"-a system that incorporates data from multiple atomic clocks to produce a single highly accurate timekeeping signal for distribution. [19] Researchers have succeeded in creating an efficient quantum-mechanical light-matter interface using a microscopic cavity. [18] Our researchers were the first to produce these knots as part of a collaboration between Aalto University and Amherst College, U.S., and they have now studied how the knots behave over time. [17] The groundbreaking result sheds light on an elusive phenomenon whose existence, a natural outcome of the hundred-year-old theory of superconductivity, has long been speculated, but never actually observed. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3765] viXra:1910.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-22 06:39:31

A Computer Violation of the Chsh

Authors: Han Geurdes
Comments: 11 Pages.

If a clear no-go for Einsteinian hidden parameters is real, it must be in no way possible to violate the CHSH with local hidden variable computer simulation. In the paper we show that with the use of a modified Glauber-Sudarshan method it is possible to violate the CHSH. The criterion value comes close to the quantum value and is $> 2$. The proof is presented with the use of an R computer program. The important snippets of the code are discussed and the complete code is presented in an appendix.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3764] viXra:1910.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-21 09:11:28

The Calculated Diameter of the Space-Time Quantum (Quanton)

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 8 Pages, 4 Figures

The diameter of the quantum of space-time (quanton) cannot be found experimentally, given that the diameter of the quanton 10^—25 m is ten orders of magnitude smaller than the classical radius 10^—15 m of the electron. The region of such small sizes 10^—25 m belongs to the region of the ultra microworld. We do not have devices that could look inside the quantized space-time. We can penetrate into the region of the ultra microworld of quantons only by the power of our mind using mathematical calculations. To perform this work requires an ingenious theoretical physicst. Prior to this, no one has managed to penetrate the power of the mind into the interior of quantized space-time in the region of the ultra microworld of quantons 10^—25 m. The diameter of a quanton 10^–25 m is a new fundamental length — Leonov's length. It establishes the discreteness of quantized space-time, and it is 10 orders of magnitude greater than the Planck length of 10^–35 m.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3763] viXra:1910.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-20 13:10:19

Preface of the Vladimir Leonov to Volume 1 Quantum Energetics. Theory of Superunification

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 9 Pages

I wrote the preface to Volume 1 in 2009 when I was preparing a translation into English of my main book Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pages. This book in Russian was written by me in 1996...2000. Finally, the very fact of creating the theory of Superunification as the main physical theory of all times and nations was accomplished. However, the scientific community does not know practically anything about the theory of Superunification, because it does not read thick books, and I did not write small articles. I was always very busy and did not have time to write small articles in magazines. In addition, the editorial policy of magazines left much to be desired. If you have written a new theory that its publication in the magazine will have a problem. Given the existing editorial policy of magazines, even Einstein could not publish his articles. The theory of Superunification is a new quantum theory in which so far no one understands anything. But I am not only a theoretical physicist, but I am also an experimenter, inventor and entrepreneur in the field of new energy and new space technologies. My quantum engine (Leonov’s drive) without fuel is 100 times more efficient than a liquid rocket engine (LRE). The e-print viXra is a very convenient archive for quickly and freely posting new scientific discoveries and inventions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3762] viXra:1910.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-20 15:54:45

Ginzburg’s List and Leonov’s List

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 5 Pages

The possibilities of the theory of Superunification are unlimited. This is the most powerful analytical apparatus for studying matter. I am the author of the fundamental theory of Superunification and for me there is no unquestioned authority on science. As a theoretical physicist, I do not see any real competition in the world for me. For a quarter of a century now I have been working on complex scientific problems almost alone with my assistants. None of the physicists could even come close to understanding the theory of Superunification. I get a lot of scientific information, but do not find it interesting for myself. I do not see breakthrough discoveries in a fundamental way. Fundamental science stopped at the level of Newton and Einstein and without the theory of Superunification the further development of fundamental science and breakthrough technologies is unthinkable.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3761] viXra:1910.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-20 02:44:48

The Gravitational Potential of Quantized Space-Time Has a Maximum Value and is not Equal to Zero

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages, 2 Figures.

A quarter of a century ago, I found that cosmic vacuum has a maximum level of energy and it is characterized by a maximum value of the gravitational potential. One of Newton's potential is not enough to describe the state of gravitational mass in a quantized space-time. It is necessary to take into account the maximum gravitational potential (4) in the equation of the balance of gravitational potentials inside the quantized space-time [1, 4].
Category: Quantum Physics

[3760] viXra:1910.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-18 15:33:18

Gravitational Waves. Wave Equations

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 48 Pages, 13 Figures

This article was published like chapter 9 in the Leonov's book: Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, pp. 603-650. Waves in a cosmic vacuum can only form in an elastic medium that is a quantized space-time. This is a global electromagnetic field consisting of electromagnetic quantons whose concentration characterizes the quantum density of the medium. Electromagnetic waves are transverse waves of electromagnetic polarization of quantons and it does not lead to a change in the quantum density of the medium. Gravitational waves are longitudinal wave oscillations of a quantons inside quantized space-time and gravitational waves lead to changes in the density of the quantum medium, its compression and tension in the longitudinal direction. Such an understanding of the nature of gravitational waves allows us to create quantum generators of gravitational waves - grazers (Leonov’s patent). The fundamental problem is the experimental measurement of the speed of a gravitational wave in a vacuum. There is reason to believe that the elastic modulus of quantized space-time in the longitudinal direction is much larger than in the transverse direction. This means that the velocity of a longitudinal gravitational wave can be greater than the velocity of a transverse electromagnetic wave. It may turn out that the speed of the gravitational wave will depend on its frequency and amplitude. Only an experiment on measuring the speed of gravity can answer these questions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3759] viXra:1910.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-18 01:37:25

Two-Rotor Structure of the Photon. Photon Gyroscopic Effect

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 91 Pages, 18 Figures

This article was published like chapter 6 in the Leonov's book: Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, pp. 421-511. The structure of a photon as a wave particle has long remained incomprehensible to us. Analysis of the Maxwell equations for the electromagnetic field in the vacuum indicates that the spherical wave cannot expand in the relativistic region. This allows us to represent the electromagnetic field of a photon in the form of two rotors: electric and magnetic. These rotors are located in orthogonal planes with the possibility of rotation of the polarization planes. This ensures the constancy of the speed of the photon with the speed of light. Now that we know the two-rotor structure of a photon, we can analyze photon-photons interactions. This is a very important fundamental knowledge that is needed for the development of new quantum technologies: quantum computers, quantum entanglement, quantum generators (lasers) and others.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3758] viXra:1910.0337 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-18 01:53:01

Quantum Processors out of Laser Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

An international team of scientists from Australia, Japan and the United States has produced a prototype of a large-scale quantum processor made of laser light. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21] Probabilistic computing will allow future systems to comprehend and compute with uncertainties inherent in natural data, which will enable us to build computers capable of understanding, predicting and decision-making. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3757] viXra:1910.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-18 02:10:29

Blanket of Light Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

This makes it a potential candidate for the next generation of larger and more powerful quantum computers," adds Ulrik Lund Andersen. [23] An international team of scientists from Australia, Japan and the United States has produced a prototype of a large-scale quantum processor made of laser light. [22] The physicists, Sally Shrapnel, Fabio Costa, and Gerard Milburn, at The University of Queensland in Australia, have published a paper on the new quantum probability rule in the New Journal of Physics. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3756] viXra:1910.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-18 03:58:38

Ultrasensitive Measure Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

A team of UO physicists has drummed up a new way of measuring light: using microscopic drums to hear light. [33] Rice University scientists have found revealing information where light from a molecule meets light from a nanoparticle. [32] A University of Wyoming researcher and his team have shown, for the first time, the ability to globally align single-wall carbon nanotubes along a common axis. [31] The fight against global antibiotic resistance has taken a major step forward with scientists discovering a concept for fabricating nanomeshes as an effective drug delivery system for antibiotics. [30] The solution consisting of colloidal quantum dots is inkjet-printed, creating active photosensitive layer of the photodetector. [29] I'm part of a group of nanotechnology and neuroscience researchers at the University of Washington investigating how quantum dots behave in the brain. [28] Nanotechnology may provide an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease, a team of researchers suggests. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3755] viXra:1910.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-18 04:45:04

Ultrafast Particle Interaction Quantum Information

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Lengthening the time during which a system is capable of retaining energy before losing it to the local environment is a key goal for the development of quantum information. [28] At the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, researchers have realized the swap of electron spins between distant quantum dots. [27] A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3754] viXra:1910.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-18 06:16:25

Nature of Non-Radiation and Radiation of the Orbital Electron

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 71 Pages, 13 Figures

This article was published like chapter 7 in the Leonov's book: Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, pp. 512-582. The atomic nucleus is located inside the gravitational well which is created by the mass of the nucleus. The presence of a gravitational well around an atomic nucleus was never taken into account in theory. Ignorance of this fact created many problems in describing and explaining the behavior of the orbital electron. The fact that the orbital electron rotates inside the gravitational well of the atomic nucleus was first established in the theory of Superunification. When an orbital electron falls on an atomic nucleus inside a gravitational well, its gravitational energy decreases as much as its electric energy increases. In this case, the total energy of the orbital electron remains constant regardless of the complexity of its trajectory. Therefore, the orbital electron does not emit photons, no matter how complex its trajectory inside the electron cloud. An orbital electron emits a photon at the moment of transition from one complex trajectory to another complex trajectory.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3753] viXra:1910.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-18 07:32:08

Thermal Photons. Molecule Recoil in Photon Emission

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 20 Pages, 3 Figures

This article was published like chapter 8 in the Leonov's book: Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, pp. 583-602. This article is the basis of quantum thermodynamics. The fact is that the molecular-kinetic theory of heat is morally outdated and does not reflect modern requirements. We cannot formulate the correct concept of temperature. We only state the fact that with increasing temperature the chaotic vibrations of molecules and atoms increase. But this is a consequence. The cause of the phenomenon is the recoil of the molecule (atom) upon emission of a photon. The recoil force of a molecule (atom) upon emission of a photon was first calculated only in the theory of Superunification. And here we are faced with another paradox of quantum theory. It turns out that the recoil force is inversely proportional to the energy of the photon when it is emitted. The maximum recoil force per molecule (atom) is produced by low-energy thermal (infrared) photons. High-energy photons do not produce thermal effects. The temperature of a substance is determined by the concentration of thermal photons in it.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3752] viXra:1910.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-18 07:33:35

Quantum Simulator Spacetime

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

Quantum simulation plays an irreplaceable role in diverse fields, beyond the scope of classical computers. [43] In a cooperative project, theorists from the the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching anf the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) have now developed a new toolbox for quantum simulators and published it in Science Advances. [42] An international team headed up by Alexander Holleitner and Jonathan Finley, physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), has succeeded in placing light sources in atomically thin material layers with an accuracy of just a few nanometers. [41] The physicists, Brian Skinner at MIT, Jonathan Ruhman at MIT and Bar-Ilan University, and Adam Nahum at Oxford University, have published their paper on the phase transition for entanglement in a recent issue of Physical Review X. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3751] viXra:1910.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-18 07:48:27

One-Dimensional Quantum Liquid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

The quantum mechanical equivalent consists of two charged ions which are immersed in a "liquid" formed by lighter neutral atoms. [15] ICFO researchers created a novel type of liquid 100 million times more dilute than water and 1 million times thinner than air. The experiments, published in Science, exploit a fascinating quantum effect to produce droplets of this exotic phase of matter. [14] "In a quantum spin liquid, spins continually fluctuate due to quantum effects and never enter a static ordered arrangement, in contrast to conventional magnets," Kelley said. "These states can host exotic quasiparticles that can be detected by inelastic neutron scattering." [13] An international team of researchers have found evidence of a mysterious new state of matter, first predicted 40 years ago, in a real material. This state, known as a quantum spin liquid, causes electrons-thought to be indivisible building blocks of nature-to break into pieces. [12] In a single particle system, the behavior of the particle is well understood by solving the Schrödinger equation. Here the particle possesses wave nature characterized by the de Broglie wave length. In a many particle system, on the other hand, the particles interact each other in a quantum mechanical way and behave as if they are "liquid". This is called quantum liquid whose properties are very different from that of the single particle case. [11] Quantum coherence and quantum entanglement are two landmark features of quantum physics, and now physicists have demonstrated that the two phenomena are "operationally equivalent"-that is, equivalent for all practical purposes, though still conceptually distinct. This finding allows physicists to apply decades of research on entanglement to the more fundamental but less-well-researched concept of coherence, offering the possibility of advancing a wide range of quantum technologies. [10] The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3750] viXra:1910.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-17 02:58:00

Quantum Dots Revolutionize Healthcare

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

The solution consisting of colloidal quantum dots is inkjet-printed, creating active photosensitive layer of the photodetector. [29] I'm part of a group of nanotechnology and neuroscience researchers at the University of Washington investigating how quantum dots behave in the brain. [28] Nanotechnology may provide an effective treatment for Parkinson’s disease, a team of researchers suggests. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3749] viXra:1910.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-17 06:45:04

Age Affects Perception of White LED Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Although LEDs are increasingly used in low-energy lighting and displays, consumers sometimes find their light harsh or unpleasant. [31] The fight against global antibiotic resistance has taken a major step forward with scientists discovering a concept for fabricating nanomeshes as an effective drug delivery system for antibiotics. [30] The solution consisting of colloidal quantum dots is inkjet-printed, creating active photosensitive layer of the photodetector. [29] I'm part of a group of nanotechnology and neuroscience researchers at the University of Washington investigating how quantum dots behave in the brain. [28] Nanotechnology may provide an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease, a team of researchers suggests. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3748] viXra:1910.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-17 07:28:29

Unification of Electromagnetism and Gravitation. Antigravitation

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 95 Pages, 20 Figures

This article was published like chapter 3 in the Leonov's book: Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, pp. 167-261. The problem of unification of electromagnetism and gravitation was formulated by Einstein. But only I solved this problem in the theory of Superunification. For this, I had to find a common particle which is the carrier of electromagnetism and gravity at the same time. This particle is a quanton - a quantum of four-dimensional space-time. Gravity appears inside the quantized space-time as a result of its deformation (Einstein's curvature) under the influence of the gravitational mass of the body (particle). And vice versa, the mass of a body (particle) is born as a result of spherical deformation of quantized space-time. Mass is a cluster (bunch) of electromagnetic energy of deformed quantized space-time. The electromagnetic energy of deformation of this cluster is equivalent to mass according to Einstein’s formula mC’2. The movement of mass is the wave transfer of the spherical deformation of quantized space-time in accordance with the principle of wave-particle duality.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3747] viXra:1910.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-17 10:22:10

The Quantized Structure of the Electron and the Positron. the Neutrino

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 90 Pages, 16 Figures

This article was published like chapter 4 in the Leonov's book: Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, pp. 262-351. What is an electron? Previously, we believed that an electron has an electric charge and mass that are inseparable from each other. In the theory of Superunification, an entire electric quark is used as the electron charge. An electric quark has no mass. The mass of an electron is formed as a result of spherical deformation of quantized space-time around a central electric charge-quark. Thus itself electric quark cannot be in a free state without mass inside the quantized space-time. Inside a quantized space-time an electric quark acquires mass. The same applies to the quantized positron structure. When the electron and positron approach each other, they annihilate. After annihilation, electric quarks form an electric dipole in the form of an electron neutrino that has no mass. The destruction of spherical deformation around the electron and positron leads to the release of the electromagnetic energy of their mass through the emission of gamma rays.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3746] viXra:1910.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-17 12:17:24

Quantized Structure of Nucleons. the Nature of Nuclear Forces

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 69 Pages, 18 Figures

This article was published like chapter 5 in the Leonov's book: Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, pp. 352-420. To solve the problem of nuclear forces, I had to destroy part of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). None of the physicists directly measured the fractional electric charge in QCD. Only an entire electric charge of physics was measured with the highest accuracy. Elementary electric charge e is the most stable constant in nature. Only entire electric quarks with a charge of ±1e make up the structure of nucleons to create a sing-alternating (sing-changing) shell with alternating charges in sign. The presence of a sing-alternating shell for nucleons provides spherical deformation of quantized space-time and the formation of mass. The sing-alternating shells of the nucleons create short-range electric forces, regardless of the presence of an excess charge on the nucleon. These short-range electrical forces are equivalent to nuclear forces.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3745] viXra:1910.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 16:42:02

Electromagnetic Nature and Structure of Cosmic Vacuum

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 99 Pages, 25 Figures

This article was published like chapter 2 in the Leonov's book: Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, pp. 68-166. Space vacuum is a specific electromagnetic field which in the region of the ultra microworld of Leonov’s length of 10-25 m can be considered as a static electromagnetic field. Electromagnetic phenomena (electric and magnetic fields, electromagnetic waves) arise in a cosmic vacuum as a result of the violation of its electromagnetic equilibrium. Gravitational phenomena (gravitation and antigravity) arise in a cosmic vacuum as a result of its deformation (Einstein's curvature). The carrier of this electromagnetic field is quanton and quantized space-time. The analytical derivation of Maxwell's equations was first obtained by me as a result of electromagnetic polarization of the quantized space-time. The quantized space-time is carrier of superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) - fifth fundamental force (Superforce). SEI is a global electromagnetic field permeating our entire universe.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3744] viXra:1910.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 06:06:37

Skyrmions Dynamic Pattern

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Now a team has succeeded in measuring the dynamics of these skyrmions in detail for the first time using a single-crystal sample of Cu2OSeO3. [33] Skyrmions are formed in magnetic systems via a variety of mechanisms, some of which work together. [32] Unique physical properties of these "magic knots" might help to satisfy demand for IT power and storage using a fraction of the energy. [31] A skyrmion is the magnetic version of a tornado which is obtained by replacing the air parcels that make up the tornado by magnetic spins, and by scaling the system down to the nanometre scale. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3743] viXra:1910.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 08:01:52

Quantum Light in Thin Layers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

When a current is applied to a thin layer of tungsten diselenide, it begins to glow in a highly unusual fashion. In addition to ordinary light, which other semiconductor materials can emit, tungsten diselenide also produces a very special type of bright quantum light, which is created only at specific points of the material. [30] Molecules that are involved in photosynthesis exhibit the same quantum effects as non-living matter, concludes an international team of scientists including University of Groningen theoretical physicist Thomas la Cour Jansen. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3742] viXra:1910.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 08:17:13

Quantum Photon-Style

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, working in partnership with Tehran's Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), have proved that this arrangement allows for a new form of quantum correlation in theory. [31] When a current is applied to a thin layer of tungsten diselenide, it begins to glow in a highly unusual fashion. In addition to ordinary light, which other semiconductor materials can emit, tungsten diselenide also produces a very special type of bright quantum light, which is created only at specific points of the material. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3741] viXra:1910.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 10:09:11

Trions at Room Temperature

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

A University of Maryland-led team of researchers has discovered a method to reliably synthesize and trap trions that remain stable at room temperature. [32] Researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, working in partnership with Tehran's Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), have proved that this arrangement allows for a new form of quantum correlation in theory. [31] When a current is applied to a thin layer of tungsten diselenide, it begins to glow in a highly unusual fashion. In addition to ordinary light, which other semiconductor materials can emit, tungsten diselenide also produces a very special type of bright quantum light, which is created only at specific points of the material. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3740] viXra:1910.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 10:48:30

Transmission Electron Microscope

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has built a high-voltage transmission electron microscope small enough to reside in a university lab. [38] Using a familiar tool in a way it was never intended to be used opens up a whole new method to explore materials, report UConn researchers in Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3739] viXra:1910.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 11:06:13

Cryptography Without Secret Keys

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

Using a physical unclonable key (PUK), which can be a stroke of white paint on a surface, and the quantum properties of light, researchers of the University of Twente and Eindhoven University of Technology have presented a new type of data security that does away with secret keys. [42] Cryptography is often used in information technology security environments to protect sensitive, high-value data that might be compromised during transmission or while in storage. [41] In a step forward for information security for the Internet of Things, a team of researchers has published a new paper in the online edition of Nano Letters in which they have engineered a new type of physically unclonable function (PUF) based on interfacial magnetic anisotropy energy (IAE). [40] Researchers from Linköping University and the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden have proposed a new device concept that can efficiently transfer the information carried by electron spin to light at room temperature-a stepping stone toward future information technology. [39] Now writing in Light Science & Applications, Hamidreza Siampour and co-workers have taken a step forward in the field of integrated quantum plasmonics by demonstrating on-chip coupling between a single photon source and plasmonic waveguide. [38] Researchers at University of Utah Health developed a proof-of-concept technology using nanoparticles that could offer a new approach for oral medications. [37] Using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), extremely high resolution imaging of the molecule-covered surface structures of silver nanoparticles is possible, even down to the recognition of individual parts of the molecules protecting the surface. [36] A fiber optic sensing system developed by researchers in China and Canada can peer inside supercapacitors and batteries to observe their state of charge. [35] The idea of using a sound wave in optical fibers initially came from the team's partner researchers at Bar-Ilan University in Israel. Joint research projects should follow. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3738] viXra:1910.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 11:20:58

Ultrashort Flashes of Light Control

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Physicists from the University of Bayreuth and the University of Göttingen have now discovered a new method for adjusting the extremely short time intervals between laser flashes with exceptional speed and precision. [39] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has built a high-voltage transmission electron microscope small enough to reside in a university lab. [38] Using a familiar tool in a way it was never intended to be used opens up a whole new method to explore materials, report UConn researchers in Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3737] viXra:1910.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 11:37:03

Fundamental Discoveries of the Space-Time Quantum (Quanton) and Superstrong Electromagnetic Interaction (Sei)

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 68 Pages, 24 Figures

The quantum of space-time (quanton) was discovered by me in 1996. Quanton is a real particle of time that sets the pace of the spatial clock. Quanton is a real particle of time that sets the pace (rhythm) of a spatial clock. It is a volume electromagnetic resonator with elastic properties like an oscillating clock spring. Quanton counts Leonov’s time, which are 10 orders of magnitude slower than Planck time. Quanton occupies an elementary volume in space and has dimensions (Leonov's length), establishing the discreteness of quantized space-time. Leonov's length is a new fundamental length that is 10 orders of magnitude greater than the Planck length. A quanton consists of four integers quarks: two electric and two magnetic, located at the vertices of the tetrahedron inside the spherical particle. These integer quarks have no mass but have a charge. The magnetic quark was introduced into physics for the first time in the theory of Superunification. Магнитный кварк был введен в физику впервые в теории Суперобъединения. Only four quarks inside a quanton determine the electromagnetic structure of quantized space-time and its electromagnetic symmetry between electricity and magnetism. Colossal electromagnetic energy is accumulated inside the quanton. If you activate one cubic meter of quantized space-time (space vacuum), then this energy will be equivalent to the energy of the material part of our universe. We have finally found the source of energy for the Big Bang, if this fact has take place in reality. But we do not know who quantized our universe? The colossal energy of the quanton confirms that the quanton and quantized space-time is the carrier of superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI). SEI is the fifth fundamental force (Superforce) that unifies gravity, electromagnetism, nuclear and electroweak forces.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3736] viXra:1910.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-16 11:44:38

A Resolution to the Vacuum Catastrophe

Authors: Siamak Tafazoli
Comments: 2 Pages.

This paper presents a theoretical estimate for the vacuum energy density which turns out to be near zero and thus much more palatable than an infinite or a very large theoretical value obtained by imposing an ultraviolet frequency cut-off. This result helps address the "vacuum catastrophe" and the "cosmological constant problem".
Category: Quantum Physics

[3735] viXra:1910.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 22:28:07

Fraudulent Theories

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

When a theory (physics) is based on an unrealistic/unknown/impossible term then it becomes an unrealistic theory, such a theory cannot describe something in nature/reality. So if you act as if that unrealistic theory is realistic then you are a fraud, and if your grant application is based on that unrealistic theory then it's a fraudulent grant application.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3734] viXra:1910.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 04:31:09

Friction in Topological Insulator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3733] viXra:1910.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 10:29:57

Quantum Computing Diversity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 91 Pages.

In quantum computing, as in team building, a little diversity can help get the job done better, computer scientists have discovered. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3732] viXra:1910.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-15 10:50:25

Photons Recover Interference

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

This interference is important for everything from fundamental tests of quantum physics to the speedy calculations of quantum computers, but creating it requires exquisite control over particles that are indistinguishable. [28] Scientists from the Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, in collaboration with the University of Oxford and NIST, have shown that quantum interference enables processing of large sets of data faster and more accurately than with standard methods. [27] Over the last few decades, the exponential increase in computer power and accompanying increase in the quality of algorithms has enabled theoretical and particle physicists to perform more complex and precise simulations of fundamental particles and their interactions. [26] A collaboration of scientists from five of the world's most advanced x-ray sources in Europe, Japan and the US, has succeeded in verifying a basic prediction of the quantum-mechanical behavior of resonant systems. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3731] viXra:1910.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 14:24:34

A Proposed Basis for Quantum Uncertainty Effects

Authors: Richard Lawrence Norman, Jeremy Dunning-Davies
Comments: 14 Pages.

Quantum scale “uncertainty” effects limiting measurement accuracy appear to reflect the actual properties of quantum particles as has been well substantiated in numerous experimental examples. However, the concept of uncertainty appears to lack any clear physical basis and stands as an effects descriptor, not as a causal description of actual particulate physical properties. The famous EPR paradox is examined, assessed and placed into current perspective then new theory is presented defining the functional causal basis of observed uncertainty effects. Lastly, experimental evidence will be presented in support of this new model.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3730] viXra:1910.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 08:05:50

Organic Quantum Dots Nanoarray

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

This system has exciting implications for fields such as computer memory, light-emitting devices and quantum computing. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been "squeezed" to a record low. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3729] viXra:1910.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 08:23:34

Layered Superconducting Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Scientists from Tokyo Metropolitan University have created a new layered superconducting material with a conducting layer made of bismuth, silver, tin, sulfur and selenium. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed a method to accurately measure the "exact edge" or onset at which a magnetic field enters a superconducting material. [19] TU Wien has now made a major advance towards achieving this goal and, at the same time, has furthered an understanding of why conventional materials only become superconducting at around -200°C [18] The emerging field of spintronics leverages electron spin and magnetization. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3728] viXra:1910.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-14 09:23:36

Impressive Holography

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Physicists and materials scientists have developed a compact optical device containing vertically stacked metasurfaces that can generate microscopic text and full-color holograms for encrypted data storage and color displays. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3727] viXra:1910.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 11:33:07

Quantum Energetics. Theory of Superunification. Contents

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 23 Pages

Quantum energetics is based on new fundamental discoveries of quantum of space-time (quanton) and super-strong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) made by Vladimir Leonov in 1996. On the basis of new fundamental discoveries the theory of Superunification of fundamental interactions of electromagnetism, gravitation, nuclear and electro-weak forces is completed. It is important that new fundamental discoveries have the widest practical application in the development of quantum energetics. It is discovered that the single source of energy in the Universe is the quanton in the structure of quantized space-time, which is the carrier of super-strong interaction (SEI). All known methods of energy generation (chemical and nuclear reactions etc.) are reduced to the release and transformation of SEI energy. Quantum energetics is a more general concept in energetics, which includes both the new energetic cycles, and traditional ones, including nuclear energetics. Chapters: 1. Fundamental discoveries of the quantum of space-time (quanton) and superstrong electromagnetic interaction. 2. Electromagnetic nature and structure of cosmic vacuum. 3. Unification of electromagnetism and gravitation Antigravitation. 4. The quantized structure of the electron and the positron. The neutrino. 5. Quantized structure of nucleons. The nature of nuclear forces. 6. Two-rotor structure of the photon. Photon gyroscopic effect. 7. Nature of non-radiation and radiation of the orbital electron. 8. Thermal photons. Molecule recoil in photon emission. 9. Gravitational waves. Wave equations. 10. Superstrong electromagnetic interaction and prospects for the development of quantum energetics in the 21st century.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3726] viXra:1910.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 04:18:05

The Universe: Boiling ‘bouillon’ of Quantons

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 45 Pages, 21 Figures.

This article was published in the Leonov's book: Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, pp. 9-55. The theory of Superunification is based on my discovery in 1996 of a quantum of space-time (quanton) and superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) – the fifth fundamental force (Superforce). SEI is a global electromagnetic field that permeates our universe. This field consists of quantons and represents a quantized space-time. In the region of the ultra microworld of quantons, we can observe their microscopic vibrations and rotation that resemble a boiling “bouillon” of quantons. Quanton consists of four integers quarks: two magnetic and two electric. Quarks have no mass. This article shows that the Superforce (fifth force) unites all known fundamental forces from a single position: gravitation, electromagnetism, nuclear and electroweak forces. The theory of Superunification is new quantum physics; it unites the general theory of relativity (GR) and quantum theory. Our universe is not flat, but it is curved according to Einstein. This fact explains the accelerated motion of galaxies from the center of the universe to its periphery by the forces of the global antigravity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3725] viXra:1910.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 08:54:52

The Upper Limit of the Mass and Energy of the Relativistic Particles

Authors: Vladimir Leonov
Comments: 3 Pages

It is shown that a relativistic particle has an upper limit of the mass and energy when it is accelerated to the speed of light. Now we can calculate the limiting parameters of the relativistic particles by the use of the normalized relativistic factor in Einstein's relativistic equations. For example, the maximum mass of the relativistic proton is a limited number. The state of the relativistic particle is described by a mass balance and an energy balance. The energy balance includes the maximum energy of a relativistic particle and her real energy and her hidden energy.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3724] viXra:1910.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-13 09:46:51

Refutation of Gleason’s Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that Disqus comments here are not read by the author; reply by email only to: info@cec-services dot com. Include a list publications for veracity. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate Gleason’s theorem in four variables which is not tautologous and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3723] viXra:1910.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-12 02:06:50

Nanoparticles Quantum Information

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

With this control, researchers can integrate topology information into the photons, which can then be used as messengers for carrying quantum information. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23] An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have created the world's first quantum metamaterial that can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. [22] ETH physicists have developed a silicon wafer that behaves like a topological insulator when stimulated using ultrasound. They have thereby succeeded in turning an abstract theoretical concept into a macroscopic product. [21] Cheng Chin, professor in the Department of Physics, and his team looked at an experimental setup of tens of thousands of atoms cooled down to near absolute zero. As the system crossed a quantum phase transition, they measured its behavior with an extremely sensitive imaging system. [20] Scientists from three UK universities are to test one of the fundamental laws of physics as part of a major Europe-wide project awarded more than £3m in funding. ]19] A team of researchers has devised a simple way to tune a hallmark quantum effect in graphene-the material formed from a single layer of carbon atoms-by bathing it in light. [18] Researchers from the University of Cambridge have taken a peek into the secretive domain of quantum mechanics. [17] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3722] viXra:1910.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 01:31:23

Material Power Quantum Computer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

"We've found that a certain superconducting material contains special properties that could be the building blocks for technology of the future," says Yufan Li, a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Physics & Astronomy at The Johns Hopkins University and the paper's first author. [50] Researchers have successfully used sound waves to control quantum information in a single electron, a significant step towards efficient, robust quantum computers made from semiconductors. [49] Searching for new substances and developing new techniques in the chemical industry: tasks that are often accelerated using computer simulations of molecules or reactions. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3721] viXra:1910.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 08:32:10

Controlling Superconducting Regions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers at EPFL have created a metallic microdevice in which they can define and tune patterns of superconductivity. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed a method to accurately measure the "exact edge" or onset at which a magnetic field enters a superconducting material. [19] TU Wien has now made a major advance towards achieving this goal and, at the same time, has furthered an understanding of why conventional materials only become superconducting at around-200°C [18] The emerging field of spintronics leverages electron spin and magnetization. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15] A group of researchers from institutions in Korea and the United States has determined how to employ a type of electron microscopy to cause regions within an iron-based superconductor to flip between superconducting and non-superconducting states. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3720] viXra:1910.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-11 08:56:00

Radiation Detector Boosts Quantum Work

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Researchers from Aalto University and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland have built a super-sensitive bolometer, a type of thermal radiation detector. [50] Researchers have successfully used sound waves to control quantum information in a single electron, a significant step towards efficient, robust quantum computers made from semiconductors. [49] Searching for new substances and developing new techniques in the chemical industry: tasks that are often accelerated using computer simulations of molecules or reactions. [48] Quantum networks can be practically implemented to interface with different quantum systems. In order to photonically link hybrid systems with combined unique properties of each constituent system, scientists must integrate sources with the same photon emission wavelength. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3719] viXra:1910.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 04:57:59

Modified Quantum Dots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have synthesized magnetically-doped quantum dots that capture the kinetic energy of electrons created by ultraviolet light before it's wasted as heat. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3718] viXra:1910.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 09:52:49

Conjectures About Modulated Maxwell Signals And, Or, Ranada Solutions.

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: 20 Pages. In Italian

I present some methods to generate electromagnetic fields wich, in my opinion, have a good chance to represent linked and knotted fields and, maybe, the electron.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3717] viXra:1910.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 10:37:38

Distance Record in Spin Qubits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Rochester and Purdue University have demonstrated the ability to manipulate the interactions between electron spin qubits in the form of spin swapping between electron pairs. [29] Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have synthesized magnetically-doped quantum dots that capture the kinetic energy of electrons created by ultraviolet light before it's wasted as heat. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3716] viXra:1910.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 11:27:11

Single Photons from Trapped Ion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

Quantum networks can be practically implemented to interface with different quantum systems. In order to photonically link hybrid systems with combined unique properties of each constituent system, scientists must integrate sources with the same photon emission wavelength. [47] As reported in Nature Physics, a Berkeley Lab-led team of physicists and materials scientists was the first to unambiguously observe and document the unique optical phenomena that occur in certain types of synthetic materials called moire; superlattices. [46] Physicists at the University of Basel have now shown for the first time the combination with a third layer can result in new material properties also in a three-layer sandwich of carbon and boron nitride. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3715] viXra:1910.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 12:27:12

Simulation of Quantum Chemistry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

Searching for new substances and developing new techniques in the chemical industry: tasks that are often accelerated using computer simulations of molecules or reactions. [48] Quantum networks can be practically implemented to interface with different quantum systems. In order to photonically link hybrid systems with combined unique properties of each constituent system, scientists must integrate sources with the same photon emission wavelength. [47] As reported in Nature Physics, a Berkeley Lab-led team of physicists and materials scientists was the first to unambiguously observe and document the unique optical phenomena that occur in certain types of synthetic materials called moire; superlattices. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3714] viXra:1910.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-10 12:44:20

Quantum Electrons on Sound Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

Researchers have successfully used sound waves to control quantum information in a single electron, a significant step towards efficient, robust quantum computers made from semiconductors. [49] Searching for new substances and developing new techniques in the chemical industry: tasks that are often accelerated using computer simulations of molecules or reactions. [48] Quantum networks can be practically implemented to interface with different quantum systems. In order to photonically link hybrid systems with combined unique properties of each constituent system, scientists must integrate sources with the same photon emission wavelength. [47] As reported in Nature Physics, a Berkeley Lab-led team of physicists and materials scientists was the first to unambiguously observe and document the unique optical phenomena that occur in certain types of synthetic materials called moire; superlattices. [46] Physicists at the University of Basel have now shown for the first time the combination with a third layer can result in new material properties also in a three-layer sandwich of carbon and boron nitride. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3713] viXra:1910.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 13:37:08

Key Components of Quantum Technologies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Münster (Germany) have now developed an interface that couples light sources for single photons with nanophotonic networks. [35] Researchers led by Delft University of Technology personnel have made two steps in the conversion of quantum states between signals in the microwave and optical domains. [34] A scientist involved in expanding quantum communication to a network of users, is continuing his work at the University of Bristol. [33] In recent years, nanofabricated mechanical oscillators have emerged as a promising platform for quantum information applications. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3712] viXra:1910.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 12:27:43

Hamiltonian Learning Quantum Spin Register

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Researchers have developed an efficient way to characterize the effective many-body Hamiltonian of the solid-state spin system associated with a nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centre in diamond. [32] Their goal is to create an observable case of quantum spin ice, a bizarre magnetic state found in a special class of materials that could lead to advances in quantum computing technologies. [31] Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson. [30] Electrons in graphene-an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike-move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3711] viXra:1910.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-09 12:38:35

Connecting Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Researchers led by Delft University of Technology personnel have made two steps in the conversion of quantum states between signals in the microwave and optical domains. [34] A scientist involved in expanding quantum communication to a network of users, is continuing his work at the University of Bristol. [33] In recent years, nanofabricated mechanical oscillators have emerged as a promising platform for quantum information applications. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3710] viXra:1910.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-08 13:47:00

Non-Rocket, Non-Reactive Quantum Engine: Idea, Technology, Results, Prospects

Authors: Vladimir Leonov et al.
Comments: 9 Pages, 8 Figures, 2 Tables.

The control tests of the two prototypes of non-jet propulsion of quantum engine KvD-1-2009 (model of 2009) with horizontal thrust and antigravitator KvD-1 with vertical thrust, were conducted on March 3rd, 2018 by a public commission of specialists chaired and initiated by the former Minister of General Machine-Building Industry of the USSR (space branch) Oleg D. Baklanov. KvD-1-2009 developed a specific thrust of more than 100 N/kW, which is more than 100 times more efficient than the liquid rocket engine (LRE).
Category: Quantum Physics

[3709] viXra:1910.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 08:07:42

Single Quantum Vibration

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Now scientists at MIT and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have for the first time created and observed a single phonon in a common material at room temperature. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3708] viXra:1910.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 08:35:23

Quantum-Mechanical Twin Paradox

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

For a recent publication, scientists from Leibniz University Hannover and Ulm University have taken on the twin paradox known from Einstein's special theory of relativity. [36] Now scientists at MIT and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have for the first time created and observed a single phonon in a common material at room temperature. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3707] viXra:1910.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 11:00:07

Quantum Symmetries

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

New research from Washington University in St. Louis realizes one of the first parity-time (PT) symmetric quantum systems, allowing scientists to observe how that kind of symmetry-and the act of breaking of it-leads to previously unexplored phenomena. [37] For a recent publication, scientists from Leibniz University Hannover and Ulm University have taken on the twin paradox known from Einstein's special theory of relativity. [36] Now scientists at MIT and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have for the first time created and observed a single phonon in a common material at room temperature. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3706] viXra:1910.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-07 14:43:10

Multi-Photon Processes in Double-Inverted Y System

Authors: M. Karthick Selvan
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this article, the effect of multi-photon processes, occurring via different probe beam channels, on the absorption of probe beams in double-inverted Y system is investigated and the results are reported.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3705] viXra:1910.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-06 17:39:49

The Electron and De Broglie Wavelength

Authors: Tim Dooling
Comments: 9 Pages.

This guess at a classical model for the electron doesn't show a classical recipe calculation for the electric fields of the electron because I don't have the mathematical ability. The circulation speed of the electron is the speed of light, c. Without violating special relativity I try to show the electric fields perpendicular and parallel to the direction of motion are due to the deformation of the surfaces of the electron moving at speed v. The De Broglie wavelength is indirectly related to an actual length of the surfaces of the electron. The mass, or inertia, of the electron is due to the magnetic binding forces of the surfaces.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3704] viXra:1910.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 21:30:53

Quantization/normalization of the Mutual Energy Principle

Authors: Shuang-ren Zhao
Comments: 20 Pages.

This author has introduced the mutual energy principle, the mutual energy principle successfully solved the problem of conflict between the Maxwell equations and the law of the energy conservation. The mutual energy flow theorem is derived from the mutual energy principle. The mutual energy flow is consist of the retarded wave and the advanced wave. The mutual energy flow theorem tell us the total energy of the energy flow goes through any surfaces between the emitter to the absorber are all same. This property is required by the photon and any quantum. Hence, this author has linked the mutual energy principle to the photon. However there is still a problem, the field of an emitter or the field of an absorber is decrease according to the distance. If the current of a source or sink for a photon is constant. The energy of the photon which equals the inner product of the current and the field will depended on the distance between the the source and the sink of the photon. If the distance increase the amount of photon energy will decrease to infinite small. This is not correct. The energy of a photon should be a constant E=hv. The energy of the photon cannot decrease. In order overcome this difficulty, this author make a quantization for the mutual energy principle. It is assume that the retarded wave sent from the emitter has collapse back in all direction. But the mutual energy flow build a channel between the source and sink. Since the energy can only go through this channel, the total energy of a photon must go through this channel. Hence, the total energy of the mutual energy flow has to be normalized to the energy of one photon. The wave energy will increased in the direction of the channel. The amplitude of the wave does not decrease on the direction along the channel. The advanced wave also does not decrease on the direction of the channel. The electromagnetic wave in the space between an emitter (source) and an absorber (sink) look like a wave inside a wave guide. The wave in a guide the amplitude does not decrease alone the wave guide if the loss of energy can be omitted. This wave guide can be called the nature wave guide. In the wave guide the advanced wave leads the the retarded wave, hence the retarded wave can only goes at the direction where has strong advanced wave. This normalization process successfully quantized the the mutual energy flow.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3703] viXra:1910.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 05:37:05

Trapped Atom Shape Photons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The first system for reshaping the time-varying profiles of individual photons has been created by Olivier Morin and colleagues at the Max-Planck-Institute for Quantum Optics in Garching, Germany. [30] Recently, the chemists Sebastian Mai and Leticia González from the Faculty of Chemistry of the University of Vienna succeeded in simulating the extremely fast spin flip processes that are triggered by the light absorption of metal complexes. [29] University of Tokyo researchers have announced a new approach for electrical cooling without the need for moving parts. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3702] viXra:1910.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 05:38:59

Fast Dance of Electron Spin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Recently, the chemists Sebastian Mai and Leticia González from the Faculty of Chemistry of the University of Vienna succeeded in simulating the extremely fast spin flip processes that are triggered by the light absorption of metal complexes. [29] University of Tokyo researchers have announced a new approach for electrical cooling without the need for moving parts. [28] When electrons that repel each other are confined to a small space, they can form an ordered crystalline state known as a Wigner crystal. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3701] viXra:1910.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 05:52:01

Coupling in Hybrid Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Researchers have thus been trying to develop techniques to enable nonreciprocal signal propagation, which could help to block the undesired effects of backward noise. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3700] viXra:1910.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 05:54:38

Cool with Quantum Wells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

University of Tokyo researchers have announced a new approach for electrical cooling without the need for moving parts. [28] When electrons that repel each other are confined to a small space, they can form an ordered crystalline state known as a Wigner crystal. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3699] viXra:1910.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 05:56:44

Spintronics and Quantum Thermodynamics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

The team utilized analytical and ab-initio theories to establish a link between this spin engine concept and room-temperature experiments on a solid-state spintronic device called a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ). [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3698] viXra:1910.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-05 05:58:35

Optical Chip for Quantum Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Researchers have created a silicon carbide (SiC) photonic integrated chip that can be thermally tuned by applying an electric signal. [32] Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3697] viXra:1910.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-02 08:40:51

Synthesize Impossible Superconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

Researchers from the U.S., Russia, and China have bent the rules of classical chemistry and synthesized a "forbidden" compound of cerium and hydrogen—CeH9—which exhibits superconductivity at a relatively low pressure of 1 million atmospheres. [30] Hong Ding's group from the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science reported the superconducting gap of topological surface state is larger than that of bulk states in β-Bi2Pd thin films using in-situ angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and molecular beam epitaxy. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits—circuits that have zero electrical resistance—can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3696] viXra:1910.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-02 11:01:31

Less than Zero Quantum Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Quantum theory, however, allows negative energy. "According to quantum physics, it is possible to borrow energy from a vacuum at a certain location, like money from a bank," says Daniel Grumiller. [30] Ant-Man knows the quantum realm holds shocking revelations and irrational solutions. [29] A new uncertainty relation, linking the precision with which temperature can be measured and quantum mechanics, has been discovered at the University of Exeter. [28] Physicists have demonstrated that energy quantization can improve the efficiency of a single-atom heat engine to exceed the performance of its classical counterpart. [27] A solid can serve as a medium for heat and sound wave interactions just like a fluid does for thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators-resulting in leak-free machines that can stay operating longer. [26] Like watchmakers choosing superior materials to build a fine timepiece, physicists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore have singled out an atom that could allow them to build better atomic clocks. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal-a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse-in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3695] viXra:1910.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-02 12:16:34

Peek Schrodinger Cat Without Disturbing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Associate Professor Holger F. Hofmann from Hiroshima University and Kartik Patekar from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay have tried to solve one of the biggest puzzles in quantum physics: how to measure the quantum system without changing it? [31] Quantum theory, however, allows negative energy. "According to quantum physics, it is possible to borrow energy from a vacuum at a certain location, like money from a bank," says Daniel Grumiller. [30] Ant-Man knows the quantum realm holds shocking revelations and irrational solutions. [29] A new uncertainty relation, linking the precision with which temperature can be measured and quantum mechanics, has been discovered at the University of Exeter. [28] Physicists have demonstrated that energy quantization can improve the efficiency of a single-atom heat engine to exceed the performance of its classical counterpart. [27] A solid can serve as a medium for heat and sound wave interactions just like a fluid does for thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators-resulting in leak-free machines that can stay operating longer. [26] Like watchmakers choosing superior materials to build a fine timepiece, physicists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore have singled out an atom that could allow them to build better atomic clocks. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal-a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse-in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3694] viXra:1910.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-02 12:49:49

Information from Quantum Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

The current work demonstrates how to distinguish between trivial and topological insulators at an ultra-fast rate, in other words, to "read out" the topological information of the system using laser spectroscopy. [33] Rice University physicist Qimiao Si began mapping quantum criticality more than a decade ago, and he's finally found a traveler that can traverse the final frontier. [32] Physicists studying the strange behavior of metal alloys called heavy fermions have made a surprising discovery that could be useful in safeguarding the information stored in quantum bits, or qubits, the basic units of encoded information in quantum computers. [31] Properties of complex materials are often determined by the interplay of several electron properties. TU Wien (Vienna) has now succeeded in disentangling this mess. [30] Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens. [29] It was a three-hour nighttime road trip that capped off a journey begun seven years ago. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3693] viXra:1910.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-02 13:17:21

Finding Magic Angle Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Researchers at The Ohio State University, in collaboration with scientists around the world, have made a discovery that could provide new insights into how superconductors might move energy more efficiently to power homes, industries and vehicles. [34] Now, new experiments conducted at Princeton give hints at how this material-known as magic-angle twisted graphene-gives rise to superconductivity. [33] Finally, we can look at a key property of superconductivity that previously couldn't be seen." [32] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have found that crystals of a recently discovered superconducting material, a layered bismuth chalcogenide with a four-fold symmetric structure, shows only twofold symmetry in its superconductivity. [31] Russian physicist Viktor Lakhno from Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, RAS considers symmetrical bipolarons as a basis of high-temperature superconductivity. [30] Scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have shown that copper-based superconductors, or cuprates-the first class of materials found to carry electricity with no loss at relatively high temperatures-contain fluctuating stripes of electron charge and spin that meander like rivulets over rough ground. [29] Researchers from Google and the University of California Santa Barbara have taken an important step towards the goal of building a large-scale quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3692] viXra:1910.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-02 04:09:51

Mystery Surrounding Photon Momentum

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Physicists at Goethe University are now able to answer this question. To do so, they developed and constructed a new spectrometer with previously unattainable resolution. [33] Rice University physicist Qimiao Si began mapping quantum criticality more than a decade ago, and he's finally found a traveler that can traverse the final frontier. [32] Physicists studying the strange behavior of metal alloys called heavy fermions have made a surprising discovery that could be useful in safeguarding the information stored in quantum bits, or qubits, the basic units of encoded information in quantum computers. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3691] viXra:1910.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-02 04:34:28

Insight into Photoelectric Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

In the long term, it is conceivable that this and other basic science knowledge on how atoms and molecules function will provide an opportunity to improve the way reactions are controlled in molecules, which in turn can pave the way for more effective chemistry. [34] Physicists at Goethe University are now able to answer this question. To do so, they developed and constructed a new spectrometer with previously unattainable resolution. [33] Rice University physicist Qimiao Si began mapping quantum criticality more than a decade ago, and he's finally found a traveler that can traverse the final frontier. [32] Physicists studying the strange behavior of metal alloys called heavy fermions have made a surprising discovery that could be useful in safeguarding the information stored in quantum bits, or qubits, the basic units of encoded information in quantum computers. [31] Properties of complex materials are often determined by the interplay of several electron properties. TU Wien (Vienna) has now succeeded in disentangling this mess. [30] Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens. [29] It was a three-hour nighttime road trip that capped off a journey begun seven years ago. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3690] viXra:1910.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-02 05:01:16

Quantum Foam Explain Cosmic Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Steven Carlip, a physicist at the University of California, has come up with a theory to explain why empty space seems to be filled with a huge amount of energy-it may be hidden by effects that are canceling it out at the Planck scale. [35] In the long term, it is conceivable that this and other basic science knowledge on how atoms and molecules function will provide an opportunity to improve the way reactions are controlled in molecules, which in turn can pave the way for more effective chemistry. [34] Physicists at Goethe University are now able to answer this question. To do so, they developed and constructed a new spectrometer with previously unattainable resolution. [33] Rice University physicist Qimiao Si began mapping quantum criticality more than a decade ago, and he's finally found a traveler that can traverse the final frontier. [32] Physicists studying the strange behavior of metal alloys called heavy fermions have made a surprising discovery that could be useful in safeguarding the information stored in quantum bits, or qubits, the basic units of encoded information in quantum computers. [31] Properties of complex materials are often determined by the interplay of several electron properties. TU Wien (Vienna) has now succeeded in disentangling this mess. [30] Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens. [29] It was a three-hour nighttime road trip that capped off a journey begun seven years ago. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3689] viXra:1910.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-02 05:30:39

Metronome for Quantum Particles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A new measurement protocol, developed at TU Wien (Vienna), makes it possible to measure the quantum phase of electrons-an important step for attosecond physics. [35] In the long term, it is conceivable that this and other basic science knowledge on how atoms and molecules function will provide an opportunity to improve the way reactions are controlled in molecules, which in turn can pave the way for more effective chemistry. [34] Physicists at Goethe University are now able to answer this question. To do so, they developed and constructed a new spectrometer with previously unattainable resolution. [33] Rice University physicist Qimiao Si began mapping quantum criticality more than a decade ago, and he's finally found a traveler that can traverse the final frontier. [32] Physicists studying the strange behavior of metal alloys called heavy fermions have made a surprising discovery that could be useful in safeguarding the information stored in quantum bits, or qubits, the basic units of encoded information in quantum computers. [31] Properties of complex materials are often determined by the interplay of several electron properties. TU Wien (Vienna) has now succeeded in disentangling this mess. [30] Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens. [29] It was a three-hour nighttime road trip that capped off a journey begun seven years ago. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3688] viXra:1910.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2019-10-01 04:31:41

Quantum Material Criticality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Rice University physicist Qimiao Si began mapping quantum criticality more than a decade ago, and he's finally found a traveler that can traverse the final frontier. [32] Physicists studying the strange behavior of metal alloys called heavy fermions have made a surprising discovery that could be useful in safeguarding the information stored in quantum bits, or qubits, the basic units of encoded information in quantum computers. [31] Properties of complex materials are often determined by the interplay of several electron properties. TU Wien (Vienna) has now succeeded in disentangling this mess. [30] Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens. [29] It was a three-hour nighttime road trip that capped off a journey begun seven years ago. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3687] viXra:1909.0657 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 23:08:20

Mapping the Born Rule to the Fractal Geometry of Quantum Paths

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 4 Pages.

Here we show that there is an approximate mapping between multifractal theory and the Born rule of Quantum Mechanics. The derivation is based on the fractal geometry of quantum mechanical paths, which replicates the geometry of unrestricted random walks in d>2 Euclidean dimensions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3686] viXra:1909.0642 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 09:18:41

Remarkable Quantum Memory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Recently, a team of researchers at TU Delft and Element Six has successfully demonstrated a fully controllable ten-qubit spin register with a quantum memory up to one minute. [28] The prototype quantum memory from Faculty of Physics at University of Warsaw now takes two optical tables and functions with the help of nine lasers and three control computers. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3685] viXra:1909.0636 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 12:34:33

Giant Magnetic Field Engineering

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Hong Kong and Hunan Normal University showed that, in homobilayer transition metal dichalcogenides, the real-space Berry phase from moiré patterns manifests as a periodic magnetic field. [37] In a paper published today in Nature's NPJ Quantum Information, Omar Magaña-Loaiza, assistant professor in the Louisiana State University (LSU) Department of Physics & Astronomy, and his team of researchers describe a noteworthy step forward in the quantum manipulation and control of light, which has far-reaching quantum technology applications in imaging, simulation, metrology, computation, communication, and cryptography, among other areas. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3684] viXra:1909.0633 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-30 14:20:00

Multiphoton Quantum Optics and Quantum States of Higher and High Harmonics (HHG) and (Ultra-) Subharmonics ((u)subhg) by Noncentrosymmetric and Centrosymmetric Media

Authors: Peter Krampl
Comments: 9 Pages.

For the exact description of nonlinear quantum optical systems, a nonlinear potential model is proposed and the associated nonlinear analytical expressions are provided. The Liouville equation provides for the matrix elements a system of coupled differential equations for which there is no solution in analytically closed form. Here, a method is proposed and shown how the quantum mechanical Rayleigh-Schrödinger perturbation calculus can be used to arrive at an analytic solution that can be used to accurately describe the nonlinear electron-multiphoton interaction by multiphoton ionization at the molecular level nonlinear system to look. For the nonlinear classical and quantum mechanical hyperpolarizations analytical solutions can be specified. The obtained nonlinear energy equations were modeled by means of singularities and fulfill the singularity equations in an excellent way.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3683] viXra:1909.0630 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 06:36:31

Rydberg Exciton Polaritons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

In quantum physics, Rydberg excitons with high principal value can exhibit strong dipole-dipole interactions. [38] Using lasers, U.S. and Austrian physicists have coaxed ultracold strontium atoms into complex structures unlike any previously seen in nature. [37] A team of researchers has now presented this state of matter in the journal Physical Review Letters. The theoretical work was done at TU Wien (Vienna) and Harvard University, the experiment was performed at Rice University in Houston (Texas). [36] The old question, whether quantum systems show recurrences, can finally be answered: Yes, they do-but the concept of recurrence has to be slightly redefined. [35] Researchers at Purdue University have performed the first experimental tests of several fundamental theorems in thermodynamics, verifying the relationship between them and providing a better understanding of how nanoparticles behave under fluctuation. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information-known as qubits-that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3682] viXra:1909.0628 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 07:54:27

Light with Manipulable Quantum Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

In a paper published today in Nature's NPJ Quantum Information, Omar Magaña-Loaiza, assistant professor in the Louisiana State University (LSU) Department of Physics & Astronomy, and his team of researchers describe a noteworthy step forward in the quantum manipulation and control of light, which has far-reaching quantum technology applications in imaging, simulation, metrology, computation, communication, and cryptography, among other areas. [36] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have fabricated a multiplexer/demultiplexer module based on a property of light that was not being exploited in communications systems: the optical vortex. [35] Optical chips are still some way behind electronic chips, but we're already seeing the results and this research could lead to a complete revolution in computer power. [34] Electronics could work faster if they could read and write data at terahertz frequency, rather than at a few gigahertz. [33] A team of researchers led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated a new method for splitting light beams into their frequency modes. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3681] viXra:1909.0627 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 08:12:58

Light Spectrum Identify Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Researchers have built a new tool to study molecules using a laser, a crystal and light detectors. [19] By hitting electrons with an ultra-intense laser, researchers have revealed dynamics that go beyond 'classical' physics and hint at quantum effects. [18] The phenomenon of ionic wind has been known about for centuries: by applying a voltage to a pair of electrodes, electrons are stripped off nearby air molecules, and the ionized air collides with neutral air molecules as it moves from one electrode to the other. [17] A small group of physicists from the Israel Institute of Technology and the Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics (IMPA) in Brazil have now come up with another method, showing it's theoretically possible to weave waves of light together in such a way that they stop dead in their tracks. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3680] viXra:1909.0590 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 03:04:21

Quantum Computing Milestone

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

Quantum computation represents a fundamental shift that is now under way. What is most exciting is not what we can do with with a quantum computer today, but the undiscovered truths it will reveal tomorrow. [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3679] viXra:1909.0587 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-28 04:08:29

Microwave Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new microwave imager chip that could one day enable low-cost handheld microwave imagers, or cameras. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3678] viXra:1909.0585 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 06:41:54

Between Noether and Planck, the Math-Physics Mirror

Authors: Francis Maleval
Comments: 1 Page. Thanks

A mirror built here, by virtue of an iterative process, a geometry from a conceptual object. This dynamic, served by the Noether’s theorem, generates the universal constants.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3677] viXra:1909.0578 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 09:07:02

Quantum Destabilization

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

From raindrops rolling off the waxy surface of a waterlily leaf to the efficiency of desalination membranes, interactions between water molecules and water-repellent "hydrophobic" surfaces are all around us. [45] The ever-more-humble carbon nanotube may be just the device to make solar panels—and anything else that loses energy through heat—far more efficient. [44] When traversing a solid material such as glass, a light wave can deposit part of its energy in a mechanical wave, leading to a color change of the light. [43] Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3676] viXra:1909.0566 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 02:40:11

Integrated Photonics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

The signals from a lighthouse to ships at sea is an early example of optical communication, the use of light to transmit information. [40] Laser physicists have succeeded in reducing the acquisition time for data required for reliable characterization of multidimensional electron motions by a factor of 1000. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3675] viXra:1909.0565 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-27 02:55:18

Superconducting Gap on Thin Film

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

Ding's group from the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science reported the superconducting gap of topological surface state is larger than that of bulk states in β-Bi2Pd thin films using in-situ angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and molecular beam epitaxy. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3674] viXra:1909.0559 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 08:03:28

Qubits for Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

A group of physicists in Utrecht, San Sebastián and Pennsylvania have created a new artificial molecule that is insulating inside but has electronic states localized in its corners. [48] In a recent study, researchers at the University of Colorado have resolved phonon Fock states in the spectrum of a superconducting qubit coupled to a multimode acoustic cavity. [47] "Our bacterially produced graphene material will lead to far better suitability for product development," Meyer says. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3673] viXra:1909.0551 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 12:58:44

Fully Functioning Quantum Computer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Transmitting the state of an electron back and forth across an array of qubits, without moving the position of electrons, provides a striking example of the possibilities allowed by quantum physics for information science. [49] A group of physicists in Utrecht, San Sebastián and Pennsylvania have created a new artificial molecule that is insulating inside but has electronic states localized in its corners. [48] In a recent study, researchers at the University of Colorado have resolved phonon Fock states in the spectrum of a superconducting qubit coupled to a multimode acoustic cavity. [47] "Our bacterially produced graphene material will lead to far better suitability for product development," Meyer says. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3672] viXra:1909.0547 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 03:04:10

Quantum Oscillations in Dirac Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

A novel type of quantum magneto-resistance oscillations has been observed in topological material ZrTe5 (Science Advances 4, eaau5096 (2018)), constituting the third known distinctive type of periodicity in the nearly 90 years searching for quantum oscillations in solids. [34] Lab leader Professor Alessandro Fedrizzi, adds: "The insight we gained is that quantum observers may indeed be entitled to their own facts. [33] When a particle is completely isolated from its environment, the laws of quantum physics start to play a crucial role. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3671] viXra:1909.0545 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 04:17:49

Laser Light Iron Without Resistance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

For the first time researchers successfully used laser pulses to excite an iron-based compound into a superconducting state. [33] Fermilab scientists and engineers have achieved a landmark result in an ongoing effort to design and build compact, portable particle accelerators. [32] The interdisciplinary research team in the departments of physics, astronomy and advanced materials in the U.S. and Japan found the side gates to be highly efficient, allowing them to control carrier density along either edge of the junction across a wide range of magnetic fields. [31] Ultimately, Li said, the combination of a superconducting and a magnetic system allows for precise coupling and decoupling of the magnon and photon, presenting opportunities for manipulating quantum information. [30] Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [29] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3670] viXra:1909.0543 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-26 04:47:08

Laser Detects Fires

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new laser-based system that offers an efficient and low-cost way to detect fires in challenging environments such as industrial facilities or large construction sites. [34] For the first time researchers successfully used laser pulses to excite an iron-based compound into a superconducting state. [33] Fermilab scientists and engineers have achieved a landmark result in an ongoing effort to design and build compact, portable particle accelerators. [32] The interdisciplinary research team in the departments of physics, astronomy and advanced materials in the U.S. and Japan found the side gates to be highly efficient, allowing them to control carrier density along either edge of the junction across a wide range of magnetic fields. [31] Ultimately, Li said, the combination of a superconducting and a magnetic system allows for precise coupling and decoupling of the magnon and photon, presenting opportunities for manipulating quantum information. [30] Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [29] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3669] viXra:1909.0540 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 06:54:12

Quark Neutrino

Authors: Arnaud Andrieu
Comments: 1 Page.

The quark neutrino does not exist. However, I suspect its existence following the deduction of a calculation of the mechanism of a single-particle universe in motion. The principle of the single particle is an oscillator of the latter between singularity and quantum decoherence. vixra.org/pdf/1909.0300v1.pdf There are two possible vector senses of the particle. The first is that of the singularity to the correlated particle, which is the quark with its electric charge, and that presents itself in its lifetime that we know. The second sense goes from the correlated particle to the singularity, except that since the particle has lost its electric charge by consummation. Indeed this second path represents the quark particle without charge, and becomes a kind of neutrinos which is between quantum chromodynamics and singularity. Reference: Evidence for massive neutrinos from CMB and lensing observations arxiv.org/pdf/1308.5870v2.pdf
Category: Quantum Physics

[3668] viXra:1909.0539 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 07:05:41

Entre Noether et Planck, le Miroir Maths-Physique

Authors: Francis Maleval
Comments: 1 Page.

Un miroir construit ici, selon un processus itératif, une géométrie à partir d’un objet conceptuel. Cette dynamique, desservie par le théorème de Noether, engendre les constantes universelles.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3667] viXra:1909.0538 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 07:11:51

2000 Atoms Quantum Superposition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 94 Pages.

The quantum superposition principle has been tested on a scale as never before in a new study by scientists at the University of Vienna in collaboration with the University of Basel. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3666] viXra:1909.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 14:00:02

Quantum Observers Entitled

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Lab leader Professor Alessandro Fedrizzi, adds: "The insight we gained is that quantum observers may indeed be entitled to their own facts. [33] When a particle is completely isolated from its environment, the laws of quantum physics start to play a crucial role. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3665] viXra:1909.0509 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-25 02:57:04

Quantum Hall-Based Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

The interdisciplinary research team in the departments of physics, astronomy and advanced materials in the U.S. and Japan found the side gates to be highly efficient, allowing them to control carrier density along either edge of the junction across a wide range of magnetic fields. [31] Ultimately, Li said, the combination of a superconducting and a magnetic system allows for precise coupling and decoupling of the magnon and photon, presenting opportunities for manipulating quantum information. [30] Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [29] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3664] viXra:1909.0499 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-23 10:27:15

Super-Thin Material for Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

New research on two-dimensional tungsten disulfide (WS2) could open the door to advances in quantum computing. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3663] viXra:1909.0492 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-24 01:27:02

Three-Photon Color-Entangled W State

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have constructed a quantum-mechanical state in which the colors of three photons are entangled with each other. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light particles non-destructively. [22] A study by the Quantum Technologies for Information Science (QUTIS) group of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has produced a series of protocols for quantum sensors that could allow images to be obtained by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance of single biomolecules using a minimal amount of radiation. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3662] viXra:1909.0479 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-22 13:23:42

Q-Qi: Quantum Charge Teleportation for Continuous Q Charging.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages.

Abstract: Q-Qi is defined as a form of Qi, which is based on quantum teleportation of charge.A charge pump based macroscopic quantum tunneling device for energy teleportation from a micro grid is described for use with the quantum tablet designed for the e-paper version of the one quantum tablet per child. The promise of inexpensive e-paper is possible only with the quantum internet to the cloud and the use of teleported power, for true mobility and Q-Qi charging.. In this paper the author compares, many opposing theories of electron mobility and teleportation, quantum teleportation is compared to macroscopic quantum tunneling and the creation of charge flow conduits. A comparison with current based storage and superconducting qubits, SMES systems(“Website” n.d.), supercapacitance is compared with superconducting loops with Josephson junctions and room temperature SQUIDs, described in an accompanying paper for another approach to qubits and Q-Qi. Keywords: Conduits, Quantum Teleportation, Quantum Tunneling, e-paper, energy teleportation, One Quantum Tablet Per Child, Q-Qi , SuperCapacitors, Graphene, SMES, Hall Effect, Josephson Junction, SQUID. What: Q-Qi is defined as the quantum teleportation of manifest and unmanifest Qi charge, the induction principle of wireless charging. We define arbitrary distance coherence in quantum teleportation of charge in a design analogous to DC to DC converters with charge pump designs. How: The wave function for electron flow, in entanglement, is defined as a wave function in charge - wave duality, in the existence of a sea of electrons and any barrier between them, tunneling or quantum movement of charge has been proven. We define a super capacitor for charge storage and a charge pump for DC to DC conversion, over arbitrary distances with a quantum coherence.(Monroe 2004) An opposite approach with electron-hole recombination and state teleportation for charge creation is well described in literature. (Beenakker and Kindermann 2004)(Beenakker and Kindermann 2004; Beenakker et al. 2003)(Beenakker and Kindermann 2004; “Teleportation of Electricity” n.d.) Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling is also defined with a finite probability of an electron tunneling over macroscopic distances,(“[No Title]” n.d.) , in an adaptation of classical dynamical theory of Hamiltonian functions and stability energy dynamics, a wave approach to energy stability over macroscopic distances is described for a tunneling phenomenon. Why: The quantum energy device is a power source for the quantum tablet, not necessitating the need for charging the device, with very low power levels maintained by quantum teleportation of charge, in a super capacitor. There are two approaches to materialization, the male principle is defined as one of minimalism, where a display is optronic in interactive manifolds and a force field, converting design to manifestation, the female principle is defined as materialistic, of stock keeping, including 3D printing, fabrication, marketing and transport. Hence all fabrication is treated as a female endeavor.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3661] viXra:1909.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 07:49:51

Magnetism and Weyl Semimetals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

These materials-magnetic Weyl semi-metals-are innately quantum but bridge the two worlds of topology and spintronics. [25] Weyl fermions are novel particles that were predicted to be seen in high-energy physics experiments but have not been observed. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3660] viXra:1909.0465 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 09:24:33

ZnS Scintillation Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Detectors for reflectometry need to detect a lot of neutrons in a very short space of time. This means they need to be designed with very high count rate capabilities. [28] Quantum dots, semiconductor crystals with distinctive conductive properties, could be good candidates for thermoelectric generation, as their discrete resonant levels provide excellent energy filters. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3659] viXra:1909.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 09:40:13

Signal-To-Background Ratio

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A good signal-to-background ratio is essential for a successful outcome to a neutron experiment. [32] An international team of researchers has observed that local thermal perturbations of spins in a solid can convert heat to energy even in a paramagnetic material-where spins weren't thought to correlate long enough to do so. [31] Recent discoveries in high Tc superconductors have resulted in an intense interest in a "pair-density wave" (PDW) formed in Cooper pairs (an electron pair bound together at low temperatures), although there is little theoretical understanding on the driving mechanisms of this exotic state. [30] Researchers at Northeast Normal University, in China, and University of the Basque Country, in Spain, have recently carried out a study investigating the superconducting transition of electrides. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3658] viXra:1909.0462 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 12:38:14

Quantum Charge Teleportation for the One Quantum Tablet Per Child Project

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract: A charge pump based macroscopic quantum tunneling device for energy teleportation from a micro grid is described for use with the quantum tablet designed for the e-paper version of the one quantum tablet per child. The promise of inexpensive e-paper is possible only with the quantum internet to the cloud and the use of teleported power, for true mobility. In this paper the author compares, many opposing theories of electron mobility and teleportation, quantum teleportation is compared to macroscopic quantum tunneling and the creation of charge flow conduits. Keywords: Conduits, Quantum Teleportation, Quantum Tunneling, e-paper, energy teleportation, One Quantum Tablet Per Child, Q-Qi
Category: Quantum Physics

[3657] viXra:1909.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-21 21:20:37

Jagged Islands of Bound Entanglement and Witness-Parameterized Probabilities

Authors: Paul B. Slater
Comments: 44 Pages.

We report several witness-parameterized families of bound-entangled probabilities. Two pertain to the $d=3$ (two-qutrit) and a third to the $d=4$ (two-ququart) subsets analyzed by Hiesmayr and L{\"o}ffler of ``magic" simplices of Bell states that were introduced by Baumgartner, Hiesmayr and Narnhofer. The Hilbert-Schmidt probabilities of positive-partial-transpose (PPT) states--within which we search for bound-entangled states--are $\frac{8 \pi }{27 \sqrt{3}} \approx 0.537422$ ($d=3$) and $\frac{1}{2}+\frac{\log \left(2-\sqrt{3}\right)}{8 \sqrt{3}} \approx 0.404957$ ($d=4$). We obtain bound-entangled probabilities of $-\frac{4}{9}+\frac{4 \pi }{27 \sqrt{3}}+\frac{\log (3)}{6} \approx 0.00736862$ and $\frac{-204+7 \log (7)+168 \sqrt{3} \cos ^{-1}\left(\frac{11}{14}\right)}{1134} \approx 0.00325613$ ($d=3$) and $\frac{8 \log (2)}{27}-\frac{59}{288} \approx 0.00051583$ and $\frac{24 \text{csch}^{-1}\left(\frac{8}{\sqrt{17}}\right)}{17 \sqrt{17}}-\frac{91}{544} \approx 0.00218722$ ($d=4$). (For $d=3$, we also obtain $\frac{2}{81} \left(4 \sqrt{3} \pi -21\right) \approx 0.0189035$ based on the realignment criterion.) The families, encompassing these results, are parameterized using generalized Choi and Jafarizadeh-Behzadi-Akbari witnesses. In the $d=3$, analyses, we utilized the mutually unbiased bases (MUB) test of Hiesmayr and L{\"o}ffler, and also the Choi $W^{(+)}$ test. The same bound-entangled probability was achieved with both--the sets (``jagged islands") detected having void intersection. The entanglement (bound and ``non-bound"/``free") probability for each was $\frac{1}{6} \approx 0.16667$, while their union and intersection gave $\frac{2}{9} \approx 0.22222$ and $\frac{1}{9} \approx 0.11111$. Further, we examine generalized Horodecki states, as well as estimating PPT-probabilities of approximately 0.39339 (very well-fitted by $\frac{7 \pi}{25 \sqrt{5}} \approx 0.39338962$) and 0.115732 (conjecturally, $\frac{1}{8}+\frac{\log \left(3-\sqrt{5}\right)}{13 \sqrt{5}} \approx 0.115737$) for the original (8- [two-qutrit] and 15 [two-ququart]-dimensional) magic simplices themselves.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3656] viXra:1909.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 06:52:43

Path of the Particle

Authors: Arnaud Andrieu
Comments: 1 Page.

Here is an attachment to a very simple example of a diagram of the path taken by the particle to explain the structure of our planets. The vector that follows the path of the particle is parallel to the vectors of the gravitational force, and represents the peak of the collapse of the wave function. This model uses the principle of the unique particle vixra.org/abs/1909.0300, where its oscillation lies between singularity (planet center), and quantum decoherence.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3655] viXra:1909.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 07:26:54

Classical Elegance of Time Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Structures known as time crystals, which repeat in time the way conventional crystals repeat in space, have recently captured the interest and imagination of researchers across disciplines. [26] Dreamt up by the physics Nobel laureate Frank Wilczek in 2012, the notion of “time crystals” is now moving from theory to experiment – and could also lead to applications such as a new kind of atomic clock. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3654] viXra:1909.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 08:14:33

Particle Detector on a Plane

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

You may have observed airplane passengers accompanied by pets or even musical instruments on flights. But have you ever been seated next to a particle detector? [27] Structures known as time crystals, which repeat in time the way conventional crystals repeat in space, have recently captured the interest and imagination of researchers across disciplines. [26] Dreamt up by the physics Nobel laureate Frank Wilczek in 2012, the notion of “time crystals” is now moving from theory to experiment – and could also lead to applications such as a new kind of atomic clock. [25] Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal—a form of matter that "ticks" when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse—in the last place they expected: a crystal you might find in a child's toy. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3653] viXra:1909.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 09:08:57

Quantum Dot Energy Harvester

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Quantum dots, semiconductor crystals with distinctive conductive properties, could be good candidates for thermoelectric generation, as their discrete resonant levels provide excellent energy filters. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3652] viXra:1909.0443 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 09:36:46

Laser Under Your Skin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

A highly specialist laser capable of analyzing potentially deadly diseases as never before is under development at Heriot-Watt University. [47] Laser-induced graphene (LIG), a flaky foam of the atom-thick carbon, has many interesting properties on its own but gains new powers as part of a composite. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz “could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates,” Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3651] viXra:1909.0442 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 10:15:22

Milliseconds HD Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

They can make tiny cell structures visible: cutting-edge light microscopes offer resolutions of a few tenths of a nanometer—in other words, a millionth of a millimeter. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3650] viXra:1909.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 14:13:13

Black-Box Superconducting Circuit Quantization (In Russian)

Authors: Simon E. Nigg, Hanhee Paik, Brian Vlastakis...
Comments: 11 Pages. in Russian

We present a semi-classical method for determining the effective low-energy quantum Hamiltonian of weakly anharmonic superconducting circuits containing mesoscopic Josephson junctions coupled to electromagnetic environments made of an arbitrary combination of distributed and lumped elements. A convenient basis, capturing the multi-mode physics, is given by the quantized eigenmodes of the linearized circuit and is fully determined by a classical linear response function. The method is used to calculate numerically the low-energy spectrum of a 3D-transmon system, and quantitative agreement with measurements is found.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3649] viXra:1909.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 17:50:17

Magnetic Moment of an Electron, it's Spin and de Broglie Oscillations.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
Comments: 6 Pages.

Using the idea of de Broglie oscillations in elementary particles, for example, in an electron, it is easy to obtain quantitative values of the magnetic moment of an electron and the electron spin. Based on the oscillations the gyromagnetic ratio is logically explained. The calculations presented in the work once again confirm the reality of the existence of a periodic process in elementary particles, that is, de Broglie oscillations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3648] viXra:1909.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 18:05:55

Neutrino Oscillations, Compton Effect and Dynamic Model of a Stationary Universe.

Authors: Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
Comments: 14 Pages.

The mechanism of neutrino oscillations, which are the result of the Compton effect, that is, the scattering of CMB photons by neutrinos, is investigated. The scattering of highenergy photons by neutrinos leads to the formation of neutrons, which opens the way to the synthesis of baryonic matter in the Universe and restores the dynamic model of the stationary Universe. Confirmation of the stationary model of the Universe is the fact of the scattering of galaxies, which in fact is a consequence of the chaotic motion of galaxies in a limited volume. On an unlimited Universe scale, galaxies move randomly and therefore there are no Universe extensions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3647] viXra:1909.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 18:16:11

Transition Theory of An Electron Traveling from Uncertain to Causal Basis

Authors: Satoshi Hanamura
Comments: 5 Pages.

One of Einstein’s most famous quotes is; ‘I am at all events convinced that God does not play dice’. This study attempted to be a conversion of “uncertainty principle” to a “certainty principle.” With the previous electron model, bare electrons moved discretely, and the photons surrounding them moved continuously. In this study, we shall notice the traveling of free electrons with thermal conductance, and how to determine the unique discrete traveling point by using thermal potential energy gradient.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3646] viXra:1909.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 19:29:46

Refutation of Frauchiger-Renner Paradox

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate unique conjunctive combinations of four statements, and as doubles and triples, which are not tautologous. This means the experiment is framed on conjectures for a flawed model and form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3645] viXra:1909.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 21:50:06

On Magnetic Entanglement

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 1 Page.

An illustration of Magnetic Entanglement
Category: Quantum Physics

[3644] viXra:1909.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 09:29:08

Quantum Photonic Computing Chips

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Now, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology have coaxed photons into interacting with one another with unprecedented efficiency-a key advance toward realizing long-awaited quantum optics technologies for computing, communication and remote sensing. [28] An international team of researchers, affiliated with UNIST has presented a core technology for quantum photonic devices used in quantum information processing. They have proposed combining of quantum dots for generating light and silicon photonic technologies for manipulating light on a single device. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3643] viXra:1909.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 09:59:47

Soundwaves Search Big Data

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

"Light lasers and single photons are part of the field photonics, but soundwaves fall under the umbrella of phononics, or the study of phonons," Deymier said. [29] Now, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology have coaxed photons into interacting with one another with unprecedented efficiency-a key advance toward realizing long-awaited quantum optics technologies for computing, communication and remote sensing. [28] An international team of researchers, affiliated with UNIST has presented a core technology for quantum photonic devices used in quantum information processing. They have proposed combining of quantum dots for generating light and silicon photonic technologies for manipulating light on a single device. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3642] viXra:1909.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 03:59:53

Electrons in Magnetic Material

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

An international team of researchers led by scientists at Princeton University has found that a magnetic material at room temperature enables electrons to behave counterintuitively, acting collectively rather than as individuals. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3641] viXra:1909.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-20 06:07:49

Resolving Schrodinger's Cat, Wigner's Friend and Frauchiger-Renner's Paradoxes at a Single-Quantum Level

Authors: N Gurappa
Comments: 12 pages, 1 figure

Schrodinger's cat and Wigner's friend paradoxes are analyzed using the `wave-particle non-dualistic interpretation of quantum mechanics at a single-quantum level' and are shown to be non-paradoxes within the quantum formalism. Then, the extended version of Wigner's friend thought experiment, proposed in a recent article titled, ``Quantum theory cannot consistently describe the use of itself '', Nature Communications {\bf 9}, 3711 (2018), by Frauchiger and Renner (FR) is considered. In quantum mechanics, it's well-known that, statistically observing a large number of identical quantum systems at some particular quantum state, which results in Born's probability, and merely inferring its presence in the same quantum state with the same probability yield distinct physical phenomena. If this fact is not taken care while interpreting any experimental outcomes, then FR type paradoxes pop up. ``What an astonishingly self-consistent the Quantum Theory is!' - is explicitly worked out in the case of FR gedankenexperiment. The present work shows the importance of single-quantum phenomenon for the non-paradoxical interpretation of statistically observed experimental outcomes.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3640] viXra:1909.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 16:46:07

Cloud Formation and the Internal Quantum Principle of Nature

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper I dismantle 2,400 years of cloud formation science and introduce you to the Internal Quantum Principle of Nature, or the means by which nature acts, that is, from the inside out. I introduce you to the knowledge of an internal power that causes the main motions and alterations of atoms rather then those said alterations stemming from external accidental causes. It is hereto stated that Nature acts and moves by a force from inside Matter that is invisible to the senses and measurements, this force is only perceived by the actions it accomplishes and approached though extensive contemplation fit only for the sharpest of Minds.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3639] viXra:1909.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-19 04:30:35

On the Physical Nature of the Superposition of States in Quantum Physics.

Authors: V.A. Kuz`menko
Comments: 2 Pages.

The note is devoted to the necessity of experimental study of differential cross sections of forward and reversed quantum processes.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3638] viXra:1909.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-17 07:14:08

Fundamental Matter Probe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Identifying elementary constituents of matter including quarks, bosons and electrons, and the manner by which these particles interact with each other, constitutes one of the greatest challenges in modern physical sciences. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3637] viXra:1909.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 01:58:16

Quantum States of Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Researchers in the Quantum Dynamics Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) devised a new method—called image charge detection—to detect electrons' transitions to quantum states. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3636] viXra:1909.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-18 03:13:45

Improvements in Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

The advancement could be key to harnessing the potential of the atomic world, eventually leading to breakthroughs in computing, medicine, cryptography, materials science and other applications. [41] Researchers in the Quantum Dynamics Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) devised a new method—called image charge detection—to detect electrons' transitions to quantum states. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3635] viXra:1909.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 10:52:30

Observe Ground State Collisions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3634] viXra:1909.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 11:31:17

Gravity Using Mobile Atom Interferometer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Mobile gravimetry is an important technique in metrology, navigation, geodesy and geophysics. [12] The relationship may even unlock the quantum nature of gravity. "It is among our best clues to understand gravity from a quantum perspective," said Witten. [11] Scientists at the University of British Columbia have proposed a radical new theory to explain the exponentially increasing size of the universe. [10] Researchers playing with a cloud of ultracold atoms uncovered behavior that bears a striking resemblance to the universe in microcosm. [9]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3633] viXra:1909.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 12:42:24

Closer to Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

Physicists at Uppsala University in Sweden have identified how to distinguish between true and 'fake' Majorana states in one of the most commonly used experimental setups, by means of supercurrent measurements. [57] A team from Dartmouth College and MIT has designed and conducted the first lab test to successfully detect and characterize a class of complex, "non-Gaussian" noise processes that are routinely encountered in superconducting quantum computing systems. [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3632] viXra:1909.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 08:24:20

Hall Effect One-Way Radio Transmission

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3631] viXra:1909.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 14:56:24

Do You Know The Winner Of Realism (Be-ables) Vs Operational-ism (Observabls) ?

Authors: Bhasanpal S.
Comments: 3 Pages.

Always think simple to answer a question which is being seem tough.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3630] viXra:1909.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-16 04:46:45

Noise Cancelling Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 92 Pages.

A team from Dartmouth College and MIT has designed and conducted the first lab test to successfully detect and characterize a class of complex, "non-Gaussian" noise processes that are routinely encountered in superconducting quantum computing systems. [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3629] viXra:1909.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 06:52:45

Paramagnetic Spins for Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

An international team of researchers has observed that local thermal perturbations of spins in a solid can convert heat to energy even in a paramagnetic material-where spins weren't thought to correlate long enough to do so. [31] Recent discoveries in high Tc superconductors have resulted in an intense interest in a "pair-density wave" (PDW) formed in Cooper pairs (an electron pair bound together at low temperatures), although there is little theoretical understanding on the driving mechanisms of this exotic state. [30] Researchers at Northeast Normal University, in China, and University of the Basque Country, in Spain, have recently carried out a study investigating the superconducting transition of electrides. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3628] viXra:1909.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 00:27:58

Explain Quantum Physics with a Single-Particle

Authors: Arnaud Andrieu
Comments: Pages. Contact: arnaudandrieu.fr@gmail.com

The principle of the single-particle behaves exactly like a harmonic oscillator; but at very high frequency. The fixed static density is given at each end point of the particle, where between two, its acceleration would be extremely high. This anharmonic oscillation of the particle, work tirelessly between singularity and quantum decoherence.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3627] viXra:1909.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 11:01:04

Quantum Rotating Interferometer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A team of researchers from the University of Glasgow and the University of Southampton has devised a novel way to test quantum mechanics in a non-inertial reference frame by using a rotating interferometer. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3626] viXra:1909.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 11:26:04

Photonic Traffic on the Fly

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Now, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, where topological insulators were first discovered in 2005, have shown a way to fulfill that promise in a field where physical space is at an even bigger premium: photonics. [40] A team of researchers from the University of Glasgow and the University of Southampton has devised a novel way to test quantum mechanics in a non-inertial reference frame by using a rotating interferometer. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3625] viXra:1909.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 13:30:58

Atomic Clock Design

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

JILA physicists have demonstrated a novel atomic clock design that combines near-continuous operation with strong signals and high stability, features not previously found together in a single type of next-generation atomic clock. [30] Now, a research team led by physicist Peter Thirolf at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich with institutional collaborators has taken an important step toward such a clock. [29] Physicists at the TU Darmstadt and their collaboration partners have performed laser spectroscopy on cadmium isotopes to confirm an improved model of the atomic nucleus. [28] Protons in neutron-rich nuclei have a higher average energy than previously thought, according to a new analysis of electron scattering data that was first collected in 2004. [27] Physics textbooks might have to be updated now that an international research team has found evidence of an unexpected transition in the structure of atomic nuclei. [26] The group led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL and international colleagues have used ultrafast transmission electron microscopy to take attosecond energy-momentum resolved snapshots (1 attosecond = 10-18 or quintillionths of a second) of a free-electron wave function. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3624] viXra:1909.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 19:56:19

Refutation of an Adaptive Algorithm for Molecular Simulation on Quantum Computers

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate “a unitary variant of coupled cluster theory (UCCSD) [as] defined by replacing the excitation operators with an anti-Hermitian sum of excitation and de-excitation operators”. It is not tautologous, hence refuting the subsequent sections for the ADAPT-VQE algorithm, molecular dissociation simulation results, and dependence of convergence on operator ordering. The conjecture of the paper is refuted from its abstract as: “an arbitrarily accurate variational algorithm that instead of fixing an ansatz upfront, … grows it systematically one operator at a time in a way dictated by the molecule being simulated … [to] highlight the potential of our adaptive algorithm for exact simulations with present-day and near-term quantum hardware.” These equations form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3623] viXra:1909.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 09:52:00

Quantum Convolutional Neural Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

With this in mind, a team of researchers at Harvard University recently developed a quantum circuit-based algorithm inspired by convolutional neural networks (CNNs), a popular machine learning technique that has achieved remarkable results in a variety of fields. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3622] viXra:1909.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 12:59:36

Topological Insulators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A certain kind of material, called a topological insulator, acts partially like one and partially like the other-it behaves like a conductor at its surface and an insulator in its interior. [26] Topological insulators (TIs) host exotic physics that could shed new light on the fundamental laws of nature. [25] A new study by scientists from the University of Bristol brings us a significant step closer to unleashing the revolutionary potential of quantum computing by harnessing silicon fabrication technology to build complex on-chip quantum optical circuits. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23] An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have created the world's first quantum metamaterial that can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. [22] ETH physicists have developed a silicon wafer that behaves like a topological insulator when stimulated using ultrasound. They have thereby succeeded in turning an abstract theoretical concept into a macroscopic product. [21] Cheng Chin, professor in the Department of Physics, and his team looked at an experimental setup of tens of thousands of atoms cooled down to near absolute zero. As the system crossed a quantum phase transition, they measured its behavior with an extremely sensitive imaging system. [20] Scientists from three UK universities are to test one of the fundamental laws of physics as part of a major Europe-wide project awarded more than £3m in funding. ]19] A team of researchers has devised a simple way to tune a hallmark quantum effect in graphene-the material formed from a single layer of carbon atoms-by bathing it in light. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3621] viXra:1909.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 02:12:16

Future Communication Technology

Authors: CuiHailong
Comments: 3 Pages.

Future Communication Technology,using the coherence of laser, superluminal quantum communication is realized at long distance, which opens up a new era of communication.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3620] viXra:1909.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 02:25:33

Using Laser to Achieve Faster-Than-Light Communication

Authors: CuiHailong
Comments: 2 Pages.

using the coherence of laser, superluminal quantum communication is realized at long distance, which opens up a new era of communication.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3619] viXra:1909.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 05:57:04

Einstein vs Bell? Bell's Inequality Refuted, Bell's Error Corrected.

Authors: Gordon Stewart Watson
Comments: 3 Pages.

Bell's inequality is widely regarded as a profound proof that nature is nonlocal, not Einstein-local. Against this, and supporting Einstein, we refute Bell's inequality and correct his error. We thus advance the principle of true-local-realism (TLR); the union of true-locality (no beables move superluminally, after Einstein) and true-realism (some beables change interactively, after Bohr). Importantly, for STEM teachers: we believe our commonsense results require no knowledge of quantum mechanics. Let us see.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3618] viXra:1909.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 09:40:15

Molecule Change Through Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

A team from the Cluster of Excellence Ruhr Explores Solvation at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) has developed and manufactured a novel molecule called 3-methoxy-9-fluorenylidene. What's special about it: its magnetic properties can be controlled through light of different colors. This might be of use for computer industry. [29] A way of making organic polymers from the fragrant molecules in conifers and fruit trees has been developed by scientists at the University of Birmingham. [28] The development of mass spectrometry (MS) methods-those which define the chemical composition of cells-represent a further milestone for research in the field of cell biology. [27] These reactions lead to a host of activities in plants, including converting primary metabolites like phenylalanine and tyrosine into vital specialized molecules called flavonoids. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25] Using x-rays to reveal the atomic-scale 3-D structures of proteins has led to countless advances in understanding how these molecules work in bacteria, viruses, plants, and humans-and has guided the development of precision drugs to combat diseases such as cancer and AIDS. [24] How did life arise on Earth? Rutgers researchers have found among the first and perhaps only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts-essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function-may have existed when life began. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3617] viXra:1909.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 05:07:47

On the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Gerard van der Ham
Comments: 1 Page.

The work of Einstein and Bell showed Copenhagen interpretation to be wrong.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3616] viXra:1909.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 08:18:22

Feature Optics and the Critical Planes of the Grating

Authors: Paul Mirsky
Comments: 24 Pages.

Feature optics (FO) was recently proposed as a new tool which models the beam and the grating as combinations of simple elements called features. This work applies FO to the many patterns formed by the light from a grating as it propagates into the far field, passing through various planes. We find that the entire process can be expressed naturally and beautifully in terms of FO.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3615] viXra:1909.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 08:20:14

Symmetry and Asymmetry in Feature Optics

Authors: Paul Mirsky
Comments: 32 Pages.

The slab and wedge act as symmetry and asymmetry transforms on the states of optical features. We interpret these as the thermodynamic entropy and the information-theoretic entropy, respectively. We show how slabs and wedges affect the beam and the grating.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3614] viXra:1909.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 23:51:35

An Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics with “uncertain Complex Wave”

Authors: Nguyen Dinh Dung
Comments: 6 Pages.

Some modifications of orthodox quantum mechanics were suggested. These modifications can solve the measurement problem. Base on these modifications, this paper also proposes a quantum reality with non-intuitive properties. From the suggested quantum reality, the classical picture was re-evaluated.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3613] viXra:1909.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 08:19:26

Diffusion Gravity: Attraction Mechanism

Authors: DH Fulton
Comments: 8 Pages.

Previous research papers [1,2] introduced the Diffusion Gravity model which invokes the process of mass diffusion to explain gravity, motion, acceleration, energy and extensibility of the model to larger scales. This article is an elaboration of that introductory description of the DG model, with the objective to describe more thoroughly the gravitational attraction mechanism. It will show that the mechanisms of virtual particle flux and quantum mechanical annihilation together reduce the density of virtual particles in the stream between mass objects. Virtual particle streams act as carriers to transport information about mass and direction of the source masses, which dynamically interact with other virtual particle fluxes from distant objects to induce gravitational attraction. As a quasi-deterministic model, and as a hybrid of classical Newtonian and quantum mechanical principles, the Diffusion Gravity model represents a quantum physical process that manifests as gravity at the classical level, which reflects in the Poisson equation for gravity; essentially these two component models are combined into a quantum mechanical representation of the mass diffusion phenomenon as the causality for gravity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3612] viXra:1909.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 10:18:17

A First Look at Feature Optics

Authors: Paul Mirsky
Comments: 14 Pages.

Feature optics is a new proposal for modeling diffraction and interference in terms of simple elements called features. We combine features to form composite systems by taking the outer product of the individual features’ state vectors. The Fourier transform takes on a surprisingly simple form. We apply the new method to the beam and the diffraction grating.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3611] viXra:1909.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 04:28:46

Atoms Receive Communication Signals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 94 Pages.

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a new type of sensor that uses atoms to receive commonly used communications signals. [57] "We will also work on initiating two-qubit quantum gates between the atoms to build a 2D quantum processor based on so-called Rydberg interactions," reveals Birkl, "and implement large-scale quantum entanglement and quantum simulation." [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3610] viXra:1909.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:41:31

Superconductivity Quantum Discoveries

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Ultimately, Li said, the combination of a superconducting and a magnetic system allows for precise coupling and decoupling of the magnon and photon, presenting opportunities for manipulating quantum information. [30] Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [29] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3609] viXra:1909.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 10:18:16

Graphene Origami Quantum Precision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Now, by replacing the graphite with high-quality graphene nanoislands, researchers in China and the US have finally leveraged the atomic-level control of STM into an origami nanofabrication tool with a comparable level of precision. [29] Disperse graphene in a suitable solvent and the resulting nanofluid will have much better thermal properties than the original liquid. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3608] viXra:1909.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 19:26:18

Quantum and Classical Random Walks

Authors: Tristan Anthony Dobrian
Comments: 55 Pages.

This is a comprehensive and self-contained introduction to the math that underlies classical random walks and quantum random walk simulations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3607] viXra:1909.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 11:30:06

Quantum Disordered Magnetic Moments

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

Stephen Wilson, a professor of materials in UC Santa Barbara's College of Engineering, works in that "long before" realm, seeking to create new materials that exhibit desirable new states. [49] A phenomenon that is well known from chaos theory was observed in a material for the first time ever, by scientists from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. [48] Plasmonic nanostructures have been widely used for enhancing light-matter interactions due to the strong local field enhancement in deep subwavelength volumes. [47] Researchers at the University of Göttingen have developed a new method that takes advantage of the unusual properties of graphene to electromagnetically interact with fluorescing (light-emitting) molecules. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3606] viXra:1909.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-05 13:05:06

InGaN Quantum Wells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

In the Journal of Applied Physics, researchers in China report an InGaN LED structure with high luminescence efficiency and what is believed to be the first direct observation of transition carriers between different localization states within InGaN. [50] Stephen Wilson, a professor of materials in UC Santa Barbara's College of Engineering, works in that "long before" realm, seeking to create new materials that exhibit desirable new states. [49] A phenomenon that is well known from chaos theory was observed in a material for the first time ever, by scientists from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3605] viXra:1909.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 03:06:42

Exotic Physics Phenomenon

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

An exotic physical phenomenon, involving optical waves, synthetic magnetic fields, and time reversal, has been directly observed for the first time, following decades of attempts. [27] A FLEET study of ultracold atomic gases-a billionth the temperature of outer space-has unlocked new, fundamental quantum effects. [26] Symmetry plays a fundamental role in understanding complex quantum matter, particularly in classifying topological quantum phases, which have attracted great interests in the recent decade. [25] Four decades after it was predicted, scientist create a skyrmion, and take one step towards efficient nuclear fusion. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3604] viXra:1909.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 03:59:31

Charge Fluctuation Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3603] viXra:1909.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 06:55:51

Laser Study Explosions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

An explosion is a complex event involving quickly changing temperatures, pressures and chemical concentrations. [42] A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41] A team of researchers from the University of Central Florida and Michigan Technological University has developed a laser system concept built on the principles of supersymmetry. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3602] viXra:1909.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 07:41:30

Correlated Photons X-Ray Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A team of researchers at Bar-Ilan University has found a way to use correlated photons to make sharper X-ray images. [31] A team of researchers from Xiamen University, the University of Ottawa and the University of Rochester has shown that it is possible to entangle photons with correlations between their radial and momentum states. [30] In a new study, researchers demonstrate creative tactics to get rid of loopholes that have long confounded tests of quantum mechanics. [29] This is a very interesting quantum phenomenon called "magnon crystallization," in which the magnons are said to be in a "frustrated" state. [28] In a new paper, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network
Category: Quantum Physics

[3601] viXra:1909.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 08:34:32

Laser-Based Ultrasound Testing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A team of researchers is using ultrasonic nondestructive testing (NDT) that involves amplifying the signal from a photoacoustic laser source using laser-absorbing patch made from an array of nanoparticles from candle soot and polydimethylsiloxane. [43] An explosion is a complex event involving quickly changing temperatures, pressures and chemical concentrations. [42] A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3600] viXra:1909.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 09:48:51

The Holographic Principle in the Hilbert Book Model

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 3 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Several characteristics of the Hilbert Book Model support a kind of holographic view on the universe
Category: Quantum Physics

[3599] viXra:1909.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 14:39:22

A Common-Sense Interpretation of Quantum Physics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 2 Pages.

This two-pager is a summary of the 40-odd papers I wrote over the past two years.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3598] viXra:1909.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 01:30:30

Graphene Super-Resolution Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Göttingen have developed a new method that takes advantage of the unusual properties of graphene to electromagnetically interact with fluorescing (light-emitting) molecules. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz “could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates,” Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3597] viXra:1909.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 04:18:28

Asymmetric Dielectric Environment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Plasmonic nanostructures have been widely used for enhancing light-matter interactions due to the strong local field enhancement in deep subwavelength volumes. [47] Researchers at the University of Göttingen have developed a new method that takes advantage of the unusual properties of graphene to electromagnetically interact with fluorescing (light-emitting) molecules. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3596] viXra:1909.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 04:57:09

Optometer Chromatic Aberration

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

Wavelength-specific optical defocus can now be corrected for multiple colours simultaneously using a technique developed by researchers at the University of Washington. [48] Plasmonic nanostructures have been widely used for enhancing light-matter interactions due to the strong local field enhancement in deep subwavelength volumes. [47] Researchers at the University of Göttingen have developed a new method that takes advantage of the unusual properties of graphene to electromagnetically interact with fluorescing (light-emitting) molecules. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3595] viXra:1909.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-04 05:33:38

Edge of Chaos Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

A phenomenon that is well known from chaos theory was observed in a material for the first time ever, by scientists from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. [48] Plasmonic nanostructures have been widely used for enhancing light-matter interactions due to the strong local field enhancement in deep subwavelength volumes. [47] Researchers at the University of Göttingen have developed a new method that takes advantage of the unusual properties of graphene to electromagnetically interact with fluorescing (light-emitting) molecules. [46]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3594] viXra:1909.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 09:02:02

Quantum Gauge Theories Simulation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Quantum gauge theories are mathematical constructs that are typically used by physicists to describe subatomic particles, their associated wave fields and the interactions between them. [35] A novel technique that nudges single atoms to switch places within an atomically thin material could bring scientists another step closer to realizing theoretical physicist Richard Feynman's vision of building tiny machines from the atom up. [34] One of the most enduring "Holy Grail" experiments in science has been attempts to directly observe atomic motions during structural changes. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3593] viXra:1909.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 09:18:20

Write and Read Quantum Messages

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Quantum information relies on the possibility of writing messages in a quantum particle and reading them out in a reliable way. [36] Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have come up with a way to manipulate tungsten diselenide (WSe2)-a promising two-dimensional material-to further unlock its potential to enable faster, more efficient computing, and even quantum information processing and storage. [35] The human brain has amazing capabilities making it in many ways more powerful than the world's most advanced computers. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3592] viXra:1909.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 09:45:21

Quantum Darwinism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

However, quantum Darwinism is not the only game in town. [19] A team of researchers has devised a simple way to tune a hallmark quantum effect in graphene-the material formed from a single layer of carbon atoms-by bathing it in light. [18] Researchers from the University of Cambridge have taken a peek into the secretive domain of quantum mechanics. [17] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11] Some three-dimensional materials can exhibit exotic properties that only exist in "lower" dimensions. For example, in one-dimensional chains of atoms that emerge within a bulk sample, electrons can separate into three distinct entities, each carrying information about just one aspect of the electron's identity-spin, charge, or orbit. The spinon, the entity that carries information about electron spin, has been known to control magnetism in certain insulating materials whose electron spins can point in any direction and easily flip direction. Now, a new study just published in Science reveals that spinons are also present in a metallic material in which the orbital movement of electrons around the atomic nucleus is the driving force behind the material's strong magnetism. [10] Currently studying entanglement in condensed matter systems is of great interest. This interest stems from the fact that some behaviors of such systems can only be explained with the aid of entanglement. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3591] viXra:1909.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-02 12:22:44

Light-By-Light Scattering Once More

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

On August 23, 2017, using the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST),I showed that the central value for the cross section for light-by-light scattering should be 76.5 nb. At that time, the LHC result was 70 nb. But now (2019) it is 78 nb i.e. much closer to the SST value and in bigger distance from the Standard Model (SM) predicted central values i.e. 45 and 49 nb. Notice that the SM result 45 +- 9 nb is outside the current experimental result measured with high accuracy (the 8.2 sigma).
Category: Quantum Physics

[3590] viXra:1909.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 12:14:22

Neutrinos as the Photons of the Strong Force

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 16 Pages.

This paper offers some rough ideas on doing away with the boson-fermion classification, and some more. We analyze the strong force as a proper force, which implies an analysis of the strong charge that it is supposed to act on. Such analysis is done through a dimensional analysis of Yukawa’s potential equation. We then think of the neutrino as an oscillation, applying our one-cycle photon model to it. In other words, we think of it as a carrier of the strong energy, rather than as a carrier of the strong force.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3589] viXra:1909.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-01 12:26:11

Unité Aux Unités de Planck

Authors: Francis Maleval
Comments: 2 Pages.

Ontologiquement, nous constatons que la constante de structure fine intrinsèque à la charge génère sur l'espace-temps l'entrelacs des constantes dimensionnées ml, h, G, itérées en progression géométrique de raison c. Comme alpha est aussi le ratio entre la vitesse de l'électron et la vitesse de la lumière dans le vide, nous avons là un-tout.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3588] viXra:1908.0624 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-30 08:34:19

Multiferroicity Atomic Heterostructure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

Multiferroics are defined as materials that simultaneously exhibit ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity. [48] Imperfections of crystal structure, especially edge dislocations of an elongated nature, deeply modify basic properties of the entire material and, in consequence, drastically limit its applications. [47] Physicists at the University of Alberta in Canada have developed a new way to build quantum memories, a method for storing delicate quantum information encoded into pulses of light. [45] Now, an Australian research team has experimentally realised a crucial combination of these capabilities on a silicon chip, bringing the dream of a universal quantum computer closer to reality. [44] A theoretical concept to realize quantum information processing has been developed by Professor Guido Burkard and his team of physicists at the University of Konstanz. [43] As the number of hacks and security breaches rapidly climbs, scientists say there may be a way to make a truly unhackable network by using the laws of quantum physics. [42] This world-first nanophotonic device, just unveiled in Nature Communications, encodes more data and processes it much faster than conventional fiber optics by using a special form of 'twisted' HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light. [41] Purdue University researchers created a new technique that would increase the secret bit rate 100-fold, to over 35 million photons per second. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3587] viXra:1908.0622 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-30 09:31:29

Quantum Engineering Silver Films

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

Quantum Engineering Silver Films Ultra-low-loss metal films with high-quality single crystals are in demand as the perfect surface for nanophotonics and quantum information processing applications. [49] Multiferroics are defined as materials that simultaneously exhibit ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity. [48] Imperfections of crystal structure, especially edge dislocations of an elongated nature, deeply modify basic properties of the entire material and, in consequence, drastically limit its applications. [47] Physicists at the University of Alberta in Canada have developed a new way to build quantum memories, a method for storing delicate quantum information encoded into pulses of light. [45] Now, an Australian research team has experimentally realised a crucial combination of these capabilities on a silicon chip, bringing the dream of a universal quantum computer closer to reality. [44] A theoretical concept to realize quantum information processing has been developed by Professor Guido Burkard and his team of physicists at the University of Konstanz. [43] As the number of hacks and security breaches rapidly climbs, scientists say there may be a way to make a truly unhackable network by using the laws of quantum physics. [42] This world-first nanophotonic device, just unveiled in Nature Communications, encodes more data and processes it much faster than conventional fiber optics by using a special form of 'twisted' HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light. [41] Purdue University researchers created a new technique that would increase the secret bit rate 100-fold, to over 35 million photons per second. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3586] viXra:1908.0612 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-29 07:22:36

Molecules Encode Information

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

The researchers observed that molecules with the capacity to encode information are produced in systems called Weyl semimetals when time-reversal symmetry is broken. [29] Researchers have developed a way to enhance the imaging speed of two-photon microscopy up to five times without compromising resolution. [28] "We believe that with further advances such as OCRT, the high impact of this technology may be extended not only to additional ophthalmic diagnostics, but to imaging of pathologies in tissues accessible by endoscopes, catheters, and bronchoscopes throughout the body." [27] Working with researchers from Arizona State University, the team's new mathematical method is able to identify anomalies or bugs in the system before the car hits the road. [26] A research team at The University of Tokyo has developed a powerful machine learning algorithm that predicts the properties and structures of unknown samples from an electron spectrum. [25] Researchers have mathematically proven that a powerful classical machine learning algorithm should work on quantum computers. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have used deep learning to decipher which ribonucleic acids have the potential to encode proteins. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3585] viXra:1908.0611 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-29 08:10:12

Device Imitating Biological Memory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have created a device that acts like a synapse in the living brain, storing information and gradually forgetting it when not accessed for a long time. [30] The researchers observed that molecules with the capacity to encode information are produced in systems called Weyl semimetals when time-reversal symmetry is broken. [29] Researchers have developed a way to enhance the imaging speed of two-photon microscopy up to five times without compromising resolution. [28] "We believe that with further advances such as OCRT, the high impact of this technology may be extended not only to additional ophthalmic diagnostics, but to imaging of pathologies in tissues accessible by endoscopes, catheters, and bronchoscopes throughout the body." [27] Working with researchers from Arizona State University, the team's new mathematical method is able to identify anomalies or bugs in the system before the car hits the road. [26] A research team at The University of Tokyo has developed a powerful machine learning algorithm that predicts the properties and structures of unknown samples from an electron spectrum. [25] Researchers have mathematically proven that a powerful classical machine learning algorithm should work on quantum computers. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have used deep learning to decipher which ribonucleic acids have the potential to encode proteins. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3584] viXra:1908.0608 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-29 09:06:33

Decay of Giant Artificial Atom

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

In an unconventional new study, a team at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden and the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light set out to explore the interaction between a large atom and acoustic fields with wavelengths several orders of magnitude below the atomic dimensions. [39] The researchers acknowledge that aside from the "cool" factor, their achievement may not lead to any immediate practical applications, but suggest it might help with conducting studies of photons from the sun. [38] Fiber optic gyroscopes, which measure the rotation and orientation of airplanes and other moving objects, are inherently limited in their precision when using ordinary classical light. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3583] viXra:1908.0597 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-30 02:59:54

Entanglement Over 50km Optical Fiber

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Now his team at the Department of Experimental Physics at the University of Innsbruck and at the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information of the Austrian Academy of Sciences has achieved a record for the transfer of quantum entanglement between matter and light. [39] The researchers acknowledge that aside from the "cool" factor, their achievement may not lead to any immediate practical applications, but suggest it might help with conducting studies of photons from the sun. [38] Fiber optic gyroscopes, which measure the rotation and orientation of airplanes and other moving objects, are inherently limited in their precision when using ordinary classical light. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3582] viXra:1908.0596 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-30 03:36:07

Carbon Nanotube 16-Bit Microprocessor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

Now Shulaker and his team in Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, alongside researchers at Analog Devices, Inc.(ADI) also in Massachusetts USA, have taken on a series of challenges that have hampered carbon nanotube (CNT) computers since the first carbon nanotube transistors were reported in the late 1990s. [39] Scientists at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and Rice University have used biocompatible fibres made of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electrical bridges to restore conductivity to damaged hearts. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects—by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3581] viXra:1908.0595 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-30 04:00:57

Silicon Carbide Crystals Defects

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

Imperfections of crystal structure, especially edge dislocations of an elongated nature, deeply modify basic properties of the entire material and, in consequence, drastically limit its applications. [47] Physicists at the University of Alberta in Canada have developed a new way to build quantum memories, a method for storing delicate quantum information encoded into pulses of light. [45] Now, an Australian research team has experimentally realised a crucial combination of these capabilities on a silicon chip, bringing the dream of a universal quantum computer closer to reality. [44] A theoretical concept to realize quantum information processing has been developed by Professor Guido Burkard and his team of physicists at the University of Konstanz. [43] As the number of hacks and security breaches rapidly climbs, scientists say there may be a way to make a truly unhackable network by using the laws of quantum physics. [42] This world-first nanophotonic device, just unveiled in Nature Communications, encodes more data and processes it much faster than conventional fiber optics by using a special form of 'twisted' HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light. [41] Purdue University researchers created a new technique that would increase the secret bit rate 100-fold, to over 35 million photons per second. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39] Research in the quantum optics lab of Prof. Barak Dayan in the Weizmann Institute of Science may be bringing the development of such computers one step closer by providing the "quantum gates" that are required for communication within and between such quantum computers. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3580] viXra:1908.0594 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-30 04:18:23

All-Metamaterial Optical Gas Sensor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3579] viXra:1908.0592 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-30 05:00:43

Elementary Particles and Conservation Laws

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 14 Pages.

This is a philosophical paper which applies Occam’s Razor Principle to common concepts in quantum theory. More in particular, it offers some reflections on the idea of a parton – a quark, gluon or, more generally, some fermion or boson – carrying a charge. We argue the concept of a charge is more fundamental than the parton or particle idea.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3578] viXra:1908.0579 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-28 10:03:11

Entangled Photons Million of Miles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

The researchers acknowledge that aside from the "cool" factor, their achievement may not lead to any immediate practical applications, but suggest it might help with conducting studies of photons from the sun. [38] Fiber optic gyroscopes, which measure the rotation and orientation of airplanes and other moving objects, are inherently limited in their precision when using ordinary classical light. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3577] viXra:1908.0566 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-27 07:23:31

Tutorial: Perturbation Approximations to Asymptotic Quantum Transition Rates

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 8 Pages.

The orders of the perturbation approximation to the Schroedinger-picture time evolution operator in powers of the presumed-small perturbation part of the Hamiltonian operator are developed by the iteration of an identity; the possibly confusing switch to the "interaction picture" isn't needed. Those time-evolution operator approximations are sandwiched between two orthogonal, normalized eigenstates of the "unperturbed" part of the Hamiltonian operator to produce the transition amplitude approximations, whose calculation is reduced to quadrature when every occurrence of the perturbation part of the Hamiltonian operator in them is expanded in the "unperturbed" basis. That expansion also reveals the time-dependent parts of those approximations to be multiply nested integrals which in the long-time limit approach simple products of non-singular inverses (principle value plus delta function) of differences of "unperturbed" energy eigenvalues. Closely related to the long-time limits of transition amplitudes are the long-time averages of transition rates. When the "unperturbed" basis is that of free-particle states, sums over relevant final states of transition rates from an initial state, divided by the initial state's particle flux, produce cross sections. Here the perturbation approximations to generic quantum transition rates are parlayed to the corresponding approximations to differential cross sections for nonrelativistic-particle potential scattering.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3576] viXra:1908.0564 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-27 08:07:09

Measuring Computing Quantum Entanglement

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Rochester Institute of Technology researchers have helped develop a new technique for quantifying entanglement that has major implications for developing the next generation of technology in computing, simulation, secure communication and other fields. [41] For the first time, the team created quantum-correlated pairs made up of one visible and one near-infrared photon using chip-based optical components that can be mass-produced. [40] Now scientists at MIT and Harvard University have for the first time studied this unique, theoretical lens from a quantum mechanical perspective, to see how individual atoms and photons may behave within the lens. [39] Unlike previous methods of quantum entanglement involving incoherent and thermal clouds of particles, in this experiment, the researchers used a cloud of atoms in the Bose-Einstein condensate state. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3575] viXra:1908.0561 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-27 10:21:18

Hydride Compound Superconductive

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

A team of researchers at Jilin University has calculated that a certain hydride compound should be superconductive at high temperature and under very high pressure. [20] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed a method to accurately measure the "exact edge" or onset at which a magnetic field enters a superconducting material. [19] TU Wien has now made a major advance towards achieving this goal and, at the same time, has furthered an understanding of why conventional materials only become superconducting at around -200°C [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3574] viXra:1908.0548 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-26 08:46:47

Planckian Metals and Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Two researchers at Harvard University, Aavishkar A. Patel and Subir Sachdev, have recently presented a new theory of a Planckian metal that could shed light on previously unknown aspects of quantum physics. [19] A recent discovery by William & Mary and University of Michigan researchers transforms our understanding of one of the most important laws of modern physics. [18] Now, a team of physicists from The University of Queensland and the NÉEL Institute has shown that, as far as quantum physics is concerned, the chicken and the egg can both come first. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating-something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11] Some three-dimensional materials can exhibit exotic properties that only exist in "lower" dimensions. For example, in one-dimensional chains of atoms that emerge within a bulk sample, electrons can separate into three distinct entities, each carrying information about just one aspect of the electron's identity-spin, charge, or orbit. The spinon, the entity that carries information about electron spin, has been known to control magnetism in certain insulating materials whose electron spins can point in any direction and easily flip direction. Now, a new study just published in Science reveals that spinons are also present in a metallic material in which the orbital movement of electrons around the atomic nucleus is the driving force behind the material's strong magnetism. [10] Currently studying entanglement in condensed matter systems is of great interest. This interest stems from the fact that some behaviors of such systems can only be explained with the aid of entanglement. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3573] viXra:1908.0544 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-26 11:49:39

Quantum Criticality for Qubit Designers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Physicists studying the strange behavior of metal alloys called heavy fermions have made a surprising discovery that could be useful in safeguarding the information stored in quantum bits, or qubits, the basic units of encoded information in quantum computers. [31] Properties of complex materials are often determined by the interplay of several electron properties. TU Wien (Vienna) has now succeeded in disentangling this mess. [30] Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens. [29] It was a three-hour nighttime road trip that capped off a journey begun seven years ago. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3572] viXra:1908.0543 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-26 13:14:56

Universal Algorithm Boost Microscopes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A team of scientists at EPFL's Laboratory of Nanoscale Biology, headed by Aleksandra Radenovic in the School of Engineering, has developed an algorithm that can estimate a microscope's resolution in just a few seconds based on a single image. [38] A new system capable of probing microscopic environments inside cells has been installed at the University of Exeter's Bioimaging Centre. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3571] viXra:1908.0538 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-26 15:51:54

Explicit Analysis of Spin-1/2 System, Young's Double-slit Experiment and Hanbury Brown-Twiss Effect Using the Non-Dualistic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: N Gurappa
Comments: 3 figures, 29 pages

The main ideas of the wave-particle non-dualistic interpretation of quantum mechanics are elucidated using two well-known examples, viz., (i) a spin-1/2 system in the Stern-Gerlach experiment and (ii) Young's double-slit experiment, representing the cases of observables with discrete and continuous eigenvalues, respectively. It's proved that only Born's rule can arise from quantum formalism as a limiting case of the relative frequency of detection. Finally, non-duality is used to unambiguously explain Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect, at the level of individual quanta, for the two-particle coincidence detection.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3570] viXra:1908.0521 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-25 08:08:46

Deriving the Electromagnetic Radiation:(1) Photon, (2) Anti-Photon, (3) Unsuccessful Radiation Through the Mutual Energy Principle and Self-Energy Principle

Authors: Shuang-ren Zhao
Comments: 39 Pages.

The solutions of Maxwell equations includes the restarted and the advanced waves. There are a few famous scientists supported the concept of advanced wave. Wheeler and Feynman have introduced the absorber theory in1945 which told us the absorbers can send the advanced wave. The absorber theory is based on the action-at-a-distance of Schwarzschild, Tetrode and Fokker, which told us the electric current sends a half retarded wave and a half advanced wave. John Cramer has introduced transactional interpretation in quantum mechanics, which said the retarded wave and the advanced wave have a handshake. What is the advanced wave in electromagnetic field theory? In 1960, Welch introduced the reciprocity theorem in arbitrary time domain which involved the advanced wave. In 1963 V.H. Rumsey mentioned a method to transform the Lorentz reciprocity theorem to a new formula. In early of 1987 Shuang-ren Zhao (this author) introduced the mutual energy theorem in frequency domain. In the end of 1987 de Hoop introduced the time-domain cross-correlation reciprocity theorem. All these theories can be seen a same theorem in different domain: Fourier domain or in time domain. This theorem can be applied to prove the directivity diagram of a receiving antenna are equal to the directivity diagram when the receiving antenna are used as a transmitting antenna. According to this theory, the receiving antenna sends the advanced wave. As a reciprocity theorem the two fields in it do not need to be real for all. Hence, for the reciprocity theorem of Welch, Rumsey and Hoop do not need to claim that the advanced wave is a physical wave. However, when Shuang-ren Zhao said it is a energy theorem that means the two waves the retarded wave and the advanced wave in the theorem must be all real physical waves. After the mutual energy theorems has been published 30 years, Shuang-ren Zhao re-enter this field. First, the mutual energy flow theorem is derived. The mutual energy flow produced by the superposition of the retarded wave and the advanced wave. The mutual energy flow can carry the energy from the transmitting antenna to the receiving antenna. Our textbook of electromagnetic field tell us the energy is carried by the energy flow of the Poynting vector which is the self-energy flow. Hence, there is a question that the energy of electromagnetic field is transferred by the mutual energy or self-energy or by both? This author found that only the former can offer a self-consistency theory. This author also proved that the energy is transferred by the self-energy or both all conflict with the energy conservation law and hence cannot be accept. If the energy is transferred by the mutual energy, the axioms of the electromagnetic field needs to be modified. Hence, the mutual energy principle is introduced to replace the Maxwell equations as axioms. The mutual energy principle can be derived from the Maxwell equations. The Maxwell equations can also be derived from the mutual energy principle. However, the mutual energy principle does not equivalent to the Maxwell's equations. Starting from the mutual energy principle, the solution needs to be two groups of Maxwell equations existing together. One group of the Maxwell equation is corresponding to the retarded wave, another is corresponding to the advanced wave. The two waves must be synchronized to produce the mutual energy flow. The conflict of Maxwell equations with the energy conservation law further suggest that there exist a time-reversal wave and self-energy principle. Self energy principle tells us that self-energy flow or the energy flow corresponding to Poynting vector does not carry or transfer the energy, because there exist 2 time-reversal waves corresponding to the retarded wave and the advanced wave. The energy flow of the time-reversal waves cancels the energy flows of the self-energy flows of the retarded wave and the advanced wave. This also tell us there are 4 waves for electromagnetic fields, the retarded wave, the advanced wave, the 2 time-reversal waves corresponding to the retarded wave and the advanced wave. The self-energy flow of these 4 waves are all canceled. However the mutual energy flow of the retarded wave and the advanced wave does not disappear. The energy of electromagnetic field is transferred by the mutual energy flow. Photons can be explained by the mutual energy flows. There is also the time-reversal mutual energy flow which can wipe out the half-photon or partial photon. Anti-particle can also be explained by the time-reversal mutual energy flow. This theory has been widen to the quantum mechanics. That means all particles for example electron is also consist of 4 waves and 6 energy flows. There is the mutual energy principle and self-energy principle corresponding to the Schrödinger equation. In this article 3 modes of radiation are introduced which are photon, anti-photon, ant unsuccessful radiation. Photon is consist of one mutual energy flow, self-energy flow for the retarded wave and advanced wave, self-energy flow of the time-reversal waves. All self-energy flows are canceled. Hence only the mutual energy flow survive. Anti-photon is consist of the time-reversal mutual energy flow; Time-reversal self-energy flow and self-energy flows. All the self-energy flow canceled. Only the time-reversal mutual energy survived. The last mode is the unsuccessful radiation. The retarded wave is sent out but it did not meat any advanced wave to handshake/synchronized. Hence, the energy is returned, the radiation is unsuccessful. Photon is transfer the radiation energy. Anti-photon is responsible to eliminate the half-photon or partial photon. The unsuccessful radiation is the necessary result that the source and sink both send the waves, one is the retarded wave and the other is the advanced wave.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3569] viXra:1908.0519 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-25 09:47:22

Derive the Huygens Principle Through the Mutual Energy Flow Theorem

Authors: Shuang-Ren Zhao
Comments: 14 Pages.

Absorber theory published in 1945 and 1949 by Wheeler and Feynman. In the electromagnetic field theory, W. J. Welch introduced the reciprocity theorem in 1960. V.H. Rumsey mentioned a method to transform the Lorentz reciprocity theorem to a new formula in 1963. In early of 1987 Shuang-ren Zhao (this author) introduced the mutual energy theorem in frequency domain. In the end of 1987. Adrianus T. de Hoop introduced the time-domain cross-correlation reciprocity theorem. All these theories can be seen as a same theorem in different domain: Fourier domain or in time domain. After 30 years silence on this topic, finally, this author has introduced the mutual energy principle and self-energy principle which updated the Maxwell's electromagnetic field theory and Schrödinger's quantum mechanics. According to the theory of mutual energy principle, the energy of all particles are transferred through the mutual energy flows. The mutual energy flow are inner product of the retarded wave and the advanced wave. The mutual energy flow satisfies the mutual energy flow theorem. The retarded wave is the action the emitter gives to the absorber. The advanced wave is the reaction the absorber gives to the emitter. In this article this author will derive the Huygens principle from the mutual energy flow theorem. The bra, ket and the unit operator of the quantum mechanics will be applied to the inner space defined on 2D surface instead of the 3D volume.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3568] viXra:1908.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-25 11:05:19

The Relation Between the Particle of the Mutual Energy Principle and the Wave of Schrödinger Equation

Authors: Shuang-ren Zhao
Comments: 22 Pages.

This author has replaced the Maxwell equations with the corresponding mutual energy principle, self-energy principle as the axioms in electromagnetic field theory. The advantage of doing this is that it can overcome the difficulty of the Maxwell equations, which conflicts to the energy conservation law. The same conflict also exists in the Schrödinger equation in the quantum mechanics. This author would like to intruded the mutual energy principle to quantum mechanics, but has met the difficulty that there is no advanced solution for the Schrödinger equation. This difficulty is overcome by introducing a negative radius. After this, all the theory about the mutual energy can be extend from the field satisfying Maxwell equations to the field satisfying Schrödinger equation. The Schrödinger equation can also be derived from the corresponding mutual energy principle. However, this doesn't mean both sides are equivalent. The mutual energy principle cannot derive a single solution of Schrödinger equation. The mutual energy principle can only derive a pair solutions of the Schrödinger equations. One is for retarded waves and another is for advanced waves. The retarded wave and the advanced wave must be synchronized. The solutions of the mutual energy principle is in accordance with the theory of the action-at-a-distance and the absorber theory. A action is done always between two objects, for example a source (emitter) and a sink (absorber). The mutual energy principle tell us that a particle is an action and a reaction between the source and the sink. In other hand the wave satisfying Schrödinger equation only need one source or one sink. From the mutual energy principle, it is easy to derive the mutual energy theorem, the mutual energy flow theorem, corresponding Huygens–Fresnel principle. All these will solve the wave-particle duality paradox.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3567] viXra:1908.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-25 06:17:49

Photon Trajectories Contrary to the de Broglie-Bohm Interpretation

Authors: Kazufumi Sakai
Comments: 9 Pages. Journal for Foundations and Applications of Physics, vol. 6, No. 2 (2019) pp.146-154

The de Broglie-Bohm interpretation was built to perform the same statistical predictions as a standard quantum theory in every conceivable physical situation, and the two theories cannot be distinguished. In this study, the trajectories of crossed photon pairs were examined, and different results were obtained under certain conditions even when there were no differences in the statistical measurements. The conditions and experimental results showed that the trajectories of photons followed the standard interpretation of quantum theory with high probability.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3566] viXra:1908.0472 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-24 03:01:22

Skyrmions in Atomic Cobalt Films

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Skyrmions in Atomic Cobalt Films Scientists from Hamburg and Kiel have now been able to show that individual magnetic skyrmions with a diameter of only a few nanometers can be stabilized in magnetic metal films even without an external magnetic field. [33] Skyrmions are formed in magnetic systems via a variety of mechanisms, some of which work together. [32] Unique physical properties of these "magic knots" might help to satisfy demand for IT power and storage using a fraction of the energy. [31] A skyrmion is the magnetic version of a tornado which is obtained by replacing the air parcels that make up the tornado by magnetic spins, and by scaling the system down to the nanometre scale. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3565] viXra:1908.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-22 06:34:50

Exotic Quantum Phenomena

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

This is a very interesting quantum phenomenon called "magnon crystallization," in which the magnons are said to be in a "frustrated" state. [28] In a new paper, Anupama Unnikrishnan, Ian MacFarlane, Richard Yi, Eleni Diamanti, Damian Markham, and Iordanis Kerenidis, from the University of Oxford, MIT, Sorbonne University, the University of Paris and CNRS, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3564] viXra:1908.0466 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-22 08:58:40

Portable Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 95 Pages.

Together with the University of Innsbruck, the ETH Zurich and Interactive Fully Electrical Vehicles SRL, Infineon Austria is researching specific questions on the commercial use of quantum computers. [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3563] viXra:1908.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-22 13:17:26

Switching Electron Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Properties of complex materials are often determined by the interplay of several electron properties. TU Wien (Vienna) has now succeeded in disentangling this mess. [30] Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens. [29] It was a three-hour nighttime road trip that capped off a journey begun seven years ago. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3562] viXra:1908.0463 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-23 02:58:40

Bolster Case for Quantum Mechanics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

In a new study, researchers demonstrate creative tactics to get rid of loopholes that have long confounded tests of quantum mechanics. [29] This is a very interesting quantum phenomenon called "magnon crystallization," in which the magnons are said to be in a "frustrated" state. [28] In a new paper, Anupama Unnikrishnan, Ian MacFarlane, Richard Yi, Eleni Diamanti, Damian Markham, and Iordanis Kerenidis, from the University of Oxford, MIT, Sorbonne University, the University of Paris and CNRS, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3561] viXra:1908.0462 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-23 03:15:33

Correlating Entangled Photons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

A team of researchers from Xiamen University, the University of Ottawa and the University of Rochester has shown that it is possible to entangle photons with correlations between their radial and momentum states. [30] In a new study, researchers demonstrate creative tactics to get rid of loopholes that have long confounded tests of quantum mechanics. [29] This is a very interesting quantum phenomenon called "magnon crystallization," in which the magnons are said to be in a "frustrated" state. [28] In a new paper, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3560] viXra:1908.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-23 06:47:54

Photon-Number Quantum Superposition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Physicists at C2N have demonstrated for the first time the direct generation of light in a state that is simultaneously a single photon, two photons, and no photon at all. [31] A team of researchers from Xiamen University, the University of Ottawa and the University of Rochester has shown that it is possible to entangle photons with correlations between their radial and momentum states. [30] In a new study, researchers demonstrate creative tactics to get rid of loopholes that have long confounded tests of quantum mechanics. [29] This is a very interesting quantum phenomenon called "magnon crystallization," in which the magnons are said to be in a "frustrated" state. [28] In a new paper, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3559] viXra:1908.0458 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-23 07:24:12

Light-Matter Interaction Detraction

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

An efficient light-matter interface might constitute the foundation of quantum communication. However, certain structures that are formed during the growth process interfere with the signal. [32] Physicists at C2N have demonstrated for the first time the direct generation of light in a state that is simultaneously a single photon, two photons, and no photon at all. [31] A team of researchers from Xiamen University, the University of Ottawa and the University of Rochester has shown that it is possible to entangle photons with correlations between their radial and momentum states. [30] In a new study, researchers demonstrate creative tactics to get rid of loopholes that have long confounded tests of quantum mechanics. [29] This is a very interesting quantum phenomenon called "magnon crystallization," in which the magnons are said to be in a "frustrated" state. [28] In a new paper, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3558] viXra:1908.0457 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-23 07:48:27

Complex Quantum Teleportation Achieved

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Austrian and Chinese scientists have succeeded in teleporting three-dimensional quantum states for the first time. High-dimensional teleportation could play an important role in future quantum computers. [33] An efficient light-matter interface might constitute the foundation of quantum communication. However, certain structures that are formed during the growth process interfere with the signal. [32] Physicists at C2N have demonstrated for the first time the direct generation of light in a state that is simultaneously a single photon, two photons, and no photon at all. [31] A team of researchers from Xiamen University, the University of Ottawa and the University of Rochester has shown that it is possible to entangle photons with correlations between their radial and momentum states. [30] In a new study, researchers demonstrate creative tactics to get rid of loopholes that have long confounded tests of quantum mechanics. [29] This is a very interesting quantum phenomenon called "magnon crystallization," in which the magnons are said to be in a "frustrated" state. [28] In a new paper, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3557] viXra:1908.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 09:09:39

Mirror for Electron Beams

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Stacked layers of graphene can act like a mirror for beams of electrons. Physicists Daniël Geelen and colleagues discovered this using a new type of electron microscope. [24] Correlations between the radial positions and radial momenta of entangled pairs of photons have been measured for the first time by physicists in China, Canada and the US. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light particles non-destructively. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3556] viXra:1908.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 10:05:27

Protocol for Quantum Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

In a new paper, Anupama Unnikrishnan, Ian MacFarlane, Richard Yi, Eleni Diamanti, Damian Markham, and Iordanis Kerenidis, from the University of Oxford, MIT, Sorbonne University, the University of Paris and CNRS, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27] Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3555] viXra:1908.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-22 01:55:51

Electron Pairing Found

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens. [29] It was a three-hour nighttime road trip that capped off a journey begun seven years ago. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3554] viXra:1908.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-22 02:21:02

World's Smallest Engine

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Theoretical physicists at Trinity College Dublin are among an international collaboration that has built the world's smallest engine—which, as a single calcium ion, is approximately ten billion times smaller than a car engine. [28] In a new paper, Anupama Unnikrishnan, Ian MacFarlane, Richard Yi, Eleni Diamanti, Damian Markham, and Iordanis Kerenidis, from the University of Oxford, MIT, Sorbonne University, the University of Paris and CNRS, have proposed the first practical protocol for anonymous communication in quantum networks. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3553] viXra:1908.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 06:53:06

Penetrating Laser Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Lastly, a work group in Montpellier observed that the HgCdTe compound actually emits terahertz waves when electric current is applied. [39] When exposed to intense laser pulses, the magnetization of a material can be manipulated very fast. [38] A new laser-pointing platform developed at MIT may help launch miniature satellites into the high-rate data game. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3552] viXra:1908.0430 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 10:05:01

Electrons as Gluons?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper offers some alternatives to the standard quark-gluon theory of nucleons and the nucleus. We readily admit these ideas are probably more fun than serious. However, we do invite the reader to think through it for himself, and we kindly request him to point out more inconsistencies – on top of the ones we identified ourselves – so as to further stimulate the ongoing quest for a realist model of nucleons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3551] viXra:1908.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 04:32:02

Ultraviolet Watching Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

A new technique developed by a team at MIT can map the complete electronic band structure of materials at high resolution. [24] Correlations between the radial positions and radial momenta of entangled pairs of photons have been measured for the first time by physicists in China, Canada and the US. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3550] viXra:1908.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-21 06:29:50

Quantum Internet Reality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Researchers from QuTech have achieved a world's first in quantum internet technology. [26] The achievement represents a major step towards a "quantum internet," in which future computers can rapidly and securely send and receive quantum information. [25] Scientists have used precisely tuned pulses of laser light to film the ultrafast rotation of a molecule. [24] Recently, researchers have been investigating how these quantum fingerprints might one day be used as an inexpensive form of ID to protect users' personal information for technologies in the emerging network of internet-connected devices known as the Internet of Things. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3549] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 07:38:25

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma (BCCP)

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 3 Pages. Comments welcome.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed ‘brain-controlled cold plasma’ (BCCP).
Category: Quantum Physics

[3548] viXra:1908.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 13:46:58

Quantum Tensor Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Tensor networks take a central role in quantum physics as they can provide an efficient approximation to specific classes of quantum states. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3547] viXra:1908.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-19 14:04:20

Ions Scaled-Up Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Scientists at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) have been steadily improving the performance of ion trap systems, a leading platform for future quantum computers. [34] Tensor networks take a central role in quantum physics as they can provide an efficient approximation to specific classes of quantum states. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3546] viXra:1908.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 05:05:24

Three-Dimensional Quantum Hall Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

The quantum Hall effect (QHE), which was previously known for two-dimensional (2-D) systems, was predicted to be possible for three-dimensional (3-D) systems by Bertrand Halperin in 1987, but the theory was not proven until recently by researchers from the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) and their research collaborators from around the globe. [12] Using ultracold atoms trapped in a periodically modulated two-dimensional superlattice potential, the scientists could observe a dynamical version of a novel type of quantum Hall effect that is predicted to occur in four-dimensional systems. [11] Using two types of "designer" quantum dots, researchers are creating double-pane solar windows that generate electricity with greater efficiency and create shading and insulation for good measure. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3545] viXra:1908.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-20 05:33:04

Photons Entangled Quantum States

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Correlations between the radial positions and radial momenta of entangled pairs of photons have been measured for the first time by physicists in China, Canada and the US. [23] Researchers led by Tracy Northup at the University of Innsbruck have now built a quantum sensor that can measure light particles non-destructively. [22] A study by the Quantum Technologies for Information Science (QUTIS) group of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has produced a series of protocols for quantum sensors that could allow images to be obtained by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance of single biomolecules using a minimal amount of radiation. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3544] viXra:1908.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 01:19:53

Atomic Causes of Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

During the last five years, few scientists have successfully employed very high pressures in order to produce metal hydrides, rich in hydrogen, which become superconductive around-20 degrees Celsius. [28] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3543] viXra:1908.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-18 02:08:02

Hosting Photonic Skyrmions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Now electrical and computer engineering researchers have proposed for the first time that this same electronic conductivity influences the topological properties of light inside atomic matter. ]32] "The realization of such all-optical single-photon devices will be a large step towards deterministic multi-mode entanglement generation as well as high-fidelity photonic quantum gates that are crucial for all-optical quantum information processing," says Tanji-Suzuki. [31] Researchers at ETH have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. [30] A new benchmark quantum chemical calculation of C2, Si2, and their hydrides reveals a qualitative difference in the topologies of core electron orbitals of organic molecules and their silicon analogues. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3542] viXra:1908.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 01:44:35

Silicon of Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3541] viXra:1908.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 03:00:37

Quantum System Virtually Cooled

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Physicists have developed a quantum simulation method that can "virtually cool" an experimental quantum system to a fraction of its actual temperature. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3540] viXra:1908.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-16 03:31:39

New Quantum State of Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

A team of physicists has uncovered a new state of matter-a breakthrough that offers promise for increasing storage capabilities in electronic devices and enhancing quantum computing. [30] A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3539] viXra:1908.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 09:54:32

Understanding Magnetic Monopoles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A breakthrough in understanding how the quasi-particles known as magnetic monopoles behave could lead to the development of new technologies to replace electric charges. [32] Such devices would use magnetic films and superconducting thin films to deploy and manipulate magnetic monopoles to sort and store data based on the north or south direction of their poles-analogous to the ones and zeros in conventional magnetic storage devices. [31] The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field-virtual photons that pop in and out of existence-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29] Engineers at MIT and Penn State University have found that under the right conditions, ordinary clear water droplets on a transparent surface can produce brilliant colors, without the addition of inks or dyes. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[3538] viXra:1908.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-08-14 11:45:27

Light Scatter from Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

The quantum electrodynamic process of photon–photon scattering has for the first time been confirmed experimentally to a high degree of certainty. [44] Single photons can be an essential qubit source for these applications. [43] Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the thinnest optical device in the world—a waveguide that is three layers of atoms thin. [42] A group of researchers led by Professor Myakzyum Salakhov has been working on the problem of optical states in plasmonic-photonic crystals (PPCs). [41] Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[1393] viXra:1911.0219 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-14 17:59:07

Minimal Fractal Manifold as Foundation of Quantum Information Theory

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 7 Pages.

Derived from the mathematics of the Renormalization Group, the minimal fractal manifold (MFM) represents a spacetime continuum endowed with arbitrarily small deviations from four dimensions. The geometrical structure of the MFM can be conveniently formulated using the concept of dimensional quaternion, a vector-like entity built from component deviations along the four spacetime coordinates. Our analysis shows that dimensional quaternions form a natural basis for qubit systems and Quantum Information Theory.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1392] viXra:1911.0219 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-13 21:08:19

Minimal Fractal Manifold as Foundation of Quantum Information Theory

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 7 Pages.

Derived from the mathematics of the Renormalization Group, the minimal fractal manifold (MFM) represents a spacetime continuum endowed with arbitrarily small deviations from four dimensions. The geometrical structure of the MFM can be conveniently formulated using the concept of dimensional quaternion, a vector-like entity built from component deviations along the four spacetime coordinates. Our analysis shows that dimensional quaternions form a natural basis for qubit systems and Quantum Information Theory.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1391] viXra:1911.0100 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-14 07:51:24

Quaternionic Field Theory

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 44 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The correct specification of the concept of physical fields requires a platform in which these physical fields can be defined. This platform represents a base model that emerges from a Hilbert lattice, a vector space, and a number system. The number system must be an associative division ring. Dynamic fields require the selection of the quaternionic number system. Quaternionic fields are constructed eigenspaces of normal operators in a quaternionic Hilbert space. The base model supports symmetry-related fields and a field that always and everywhere exists. It acts as a repository for dynamic geometric data.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1390] viXra:1911.0100 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-12 14:12:22

Quaternionic Field Theory

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 37 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

The correct specification of the concept of physical fields requires a platform in which these physical fields can be defined. This platform represents a base model that emerges from a Hilbert lattice, a vector space, and a number system. The number system must be an associative division ring. Dynamic fields require the selection of the quaternionic number system. Quaternionic fields are constructed eigenspaces of normal operators in a quaternionic Hilbert space. The base model supports symmetry-related fields and a field that always and everywhere exists. It acts as a repository for dynamic geometric data.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1389] viXra:1910.0561 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-05 03:36:48

An Inconsistency in Modern Physics and a Simple Solution

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, we will point out an important inconsistency in modern physics. When relativistic momentum and relativistic energy are combined with key concepts around Planck momentum and Planck energy, we find an inconsistency that has not been shown before. The inconsistency seems to be rooted in the fact that momentum, as defined today, is linked to the de Broglie wavelength. By rewriting the momentum equation in the form of the Compton wavelength instead, we get a consistent theory. This has a series of implications for physics and cosmology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1388] viXra:1910.0561 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-03 11:38:01

An Inconsistency in Modern Physics and a Simple Solution

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, we will point out an important inconsistency in modern physics. When relativistic momentum and relativistic energy are combined with key concepts around Planck momentum and Planck energy, we find an inconsistency that has not been shown before. The inconsistency seems to be rooted in the fact that momentum, as defined today, is linked to the de Broglie wavelength. By rewriting the momentum equation in the form of the Compton wavelength instead, we get a consistent theory. This has a series of implications for physics and cosmology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1387] viXra:1910.0258 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-16 17:50:07

Fraudulent Theories

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

When a theory (physics) is based on an unrealistic/unknown/impossible term then it becomes an unrealistic theory, such a theory cannot describe something in nature/reality. So if you act as if that unrealistic theory is realistic then you are a fraud, and if your grant application is based on that unrealistic theory then it's a fraudulent grant application.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1386] viXra:1910.0156 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-23 19:02:58

Conjectures About Modulated Maxwell Signals And, Or, Ranada Solutions

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: 22 Pages.

I present some methods to generate electromagnetic fields wich, in my opinion, have a good chance to represent linked and knotted fields and, maybe, the electron.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1385] viXra:1910.0156 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-13 19:37:31

Conjectures About Modulated Maxwell Signals And, Or, Ranada Solutions

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: 20 Pages. In English. Updated.

I present some methods to generate electromagnetic fields wich, in my opinion, have a good chance to represent linked and knotted fields and, maybe, the electron.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1384] viXra:1910.0082 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-10 17:31:50

The Electron and De Broglie Wavelength

Authors: Tim Dooling
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this guess at a classical electron model a classical recipe calculation for the electric and magnetic fields isn't done because I don't have the mathematical ability. The circulation speed of the electron is the speed of light, c. I try to show the electric fields parallel and perpendicular to the direction of motion are due to a deformation of the surfaces of the electron. The De Broglie wavelength is indirectly related to an actual length of the perimeter of the electron. The reason for the electron's mass, or inertia is due to the magnetic binding forces of the surface.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1383] viXra:1910.0079 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-03 08:46:09

Photon is Interpreted by the Particleization/normalization of the Mutual Energy Flow of the Electromagnetic Fields

Authors: shuang-ren Zhao
Comments: 28 Pages.

Quantum mechanics has the quantization. The quantization offer us a method from the mechanic equation to build the quantum wave equation. For example the Canonical quantization offers a method to build the Schrödinger equation from Hamilton in classical mechanics. This is also referred as first quantization. In general, Maxwell equation itself is wave equation, hence, it doesn't need the first quantization. There is second quantization, for electromagnetic field. The second quantization discuss how many photons can be created when the energy of electromagnetic field is known. This is not interesting to this author. This author is interested how to build a particle from the wave equations (Maxwell equations or Schrödinger equation). Here the particle should confined in space locally. It should has the properties of wave. Our traditional quantization is to find the wave equation. This author try to build a particle from this wave equation, this process can be called as particleization. This author has introduced the mutual energy principle, the mutual energy principle successfully solved the problem of conflict between the Maxwell equations and the law of the energy conservation. The mutual energy flow theorem is derived from the mutual energy principle. The mutual energy flow is consist of the retarded wave and the advanced wave. The mutual energy flow theorem tell us the total energy of the energy flow passes through any surfaces between the emitter to the absorber are all exactly same. This property is required by the photon and any particle in quantum mechanics. Hence, this author has linked the mutual energy flow to the photon and also other particle. The mutual energy flow has the property of waves and also confined in space locally. However there is still a problem, the field of an emitter or the field of an absorber decreases according to the distance from the field point to the source point. If the current (or charge) of a source or sink for a photon is constant. The energy of the photon which equals the inner product of the current and the field will depended on the distance between the the source and the sink of the photon. If the distance increases, the amount of photon energy will decrease to infinite small. This is not correct. The energy of a photon should be a constant E=hv. The energy of the photon cannot decrease with the distance between the emitter and the absorber. In order overcome this difficulty, this author suggests a normalization for the mutual energy flow. It is assume that the retarded wave sent from the emitter has collapse back in all direction. But the mutual energy flow build a energy channel between the source and sink. Since the energy can only go through this channel, the total energy of one photon must go through this channel. Hence, the total energy of the mutual energy flow has to be normalized to the energy of one photon. The mutual energy flow will increase to the energy of one photon. This leads that the amplitude of the wave does not decrease on the direction along the energy channel. The amplitude of the advanced wave also does not decrease on the direction of the energy channel. The electromagnetic wave in the space between an emitter (source) and an absorber (sink) looks like a wave inside a wave guide. The wave in a wave guide, the amplitude does not decrease alone the wave guide if the loss of energy can be omitted. This wave guide can be referred as the “nature wave guide”. In the nature wave guide the advanced wave leads the the retarded wave, hence, the retarded wave can only goes at the direction where has advanced wave. The retarded wave also leads the advanced wave. The advanced wave can only goes in the direction of the retarded wave. This normalization process successfully particularized the the mutual energy flow. This author believe this theory about the normalization/particleization of the mutual energy flow is also correct for other particle for example electron.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1382] viXra:1910.0079 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-12 22:04:57

Quantization/particleization/normalization of the Mutual Energy Flow

Authors: shuang-ren Zhao
Comments: 25 Pages.

Quantum mechanics offers us the quantization. The quantization offer us a method from the mechanic equation to build the quantum wave equation. For example the Canonical quantization offers a method to build the Schrödinger equation from Hamilton in classical mechanics this is also referred as first quantization. In general Maxwell equation itself is wave equation, hence it doesn't need the first quantization. There is second quantization for electromagnetic field. The second quantization discuss how many photons can be created when the energy of electromagnetic field is known. This is not interesting to this author. This author is interested how we can build the particle from the wave equations (Maxwell equations or Schrödinger equation). Here the particle should confined in space locally. It should has the properties of wave. Our traditional quantization is to find the wave equation. This author try to build a particle from this wave equation, this process can be called as particleization. Abstract This author has introduced the mutual energy principle, the mutual energy principle successfully solved the problem of conflict between the Maxwell equations and the law of the energy conservation. The mutual energy flow theorem is derived from the mutual energy principle. The mutual energy flow is consist of the retarded wave and the advanced wave. The mutual energy flow theorem tell us the total energy of the energy flow goes through any surfaces between the emitter to the absorber are all same. This property is required by the photon and any quantum. Hence, this author has linked the mutual energy principle to the photon. The mutual energy flow has the property of wave and also confined in space locally. However there is still a problem, the field of an emitter or the field of an absorber decreases according to the distance. If the current of a source or sink for a photon is constant. The energy of the photon which equals the inner product of the current and the field will depended on the distance between the the source and the sink of the photon. If the distance increases, the amount of photon energy will decrease to infinite small. This is not correct. The energy of a photon should be a constant E=hv. The energy of the photon cannot decrease with the distance between the emitter and the absorber. In order overcome this difficulty, this author make a normalization for the mutual energy principle. It is assume that the retarded wave sent from the emitter has collapse back in all direction. But the mutual energy flow build a channel between the source and sink. Since the energy can only go through this channel, the total energy of a photon must go through this channel. Hence, the total energy of the mutual energy flow has to be normalized to the energy of one photon. The wave energy will increased in the direction of the channel. The amplitude of the wave does not decrease on the direction along the channel. The advanced wave also does not decrease on the direction of the channel. The electromagnetic wave in the space between an emitter (source) and an absorber (sink) look like a wave inside a wave guide. The wave in a wave guide, the amplitude does not decrease alone the wave guide if the loss of energy can be omitted. This wave guide can be called the nature wave guide. In the wave guide the advanced wave leads the the retarded wave, hence, the retarded wave can only goes at the direction where has strong advanced wave. This normalization process successfully particularized the the mutual energy flow.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1381] viXra:1909.0324 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-28 12:09:12

Do You Know The Winner Of Realism (Be-ables) Vs Operational-ism (Observabls) ?

Authors: Bhasanpal S.
Comments: 3 Pages.

Always think simple to answer a question which is being seem tough.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1380] viXra:1909.0300 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-17 15:21:17

Explain Quantum Physics with a Single-Particle

Authors: Arnaud Andrieu
Comments: 24 Pages. 27 Figures

The principle of the single-particle behaves exactly like a harmonic oscillator; but at very high frequency. The fixed static density is given at each end point of the particle, where between two, its acceleration would be extremely high. This anharmonic oscillation of the particle, work tirelessly between singularity and quantum decoherence. This virtual particle is simply guided by an ultra-powerful virtual field. This field allows the oscillatory movement of the particle from a point A to a point B for example. The advantage or the physical challenge would be to be able to see the human eye several points or particles at the same time, and in several different places.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1379] viXra:1909.0171 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-26 23:24:10

A New Description For Quantum Systems And Uncertain Complex Wave

Authors: Nguyen Dinh Dung
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper suggests a new axiomatic system to describe quantum systems. It can solve elegantly the measurement problem. The wave function collapse is understood by an axiom about possible states. And observable properties are driven by the Schrodinger equation without the axioms about operators in orthodox quantum mechanics. From the new description , a strange quantum reality is suggested.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1378] viXra:1909.0171 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-16 03:28:41

A New Description For Quantum Systems And Uncertain Complex Wave

Authors: Nguyen Dinh Dung
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper suggests a new axiomatic system to describe quantum systems. It can solve elegantly the measurement problem. The wave function collapse is understood by an axiom about possible states. And observable properties are driven by the Schrodinger equation without the axioms about operators in orthodox quantum mechanics. From the new description , a strange quantum reality is suggested.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1377] viXra:1909.0171 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-14 23:29:12

A New Description Of Quantum System And Uncertain Complex Wave

Authors: Nguyen Dinh Dung
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper suggests a new description of quantum system. A new axiomatic system is given for this description. This axiomatic system solves the measurement problem elegantly. The wave function collapse is understood by an axiom about possible states. And observable properties are driven by Schrodinger equation without axioms about operators. A strange quantum reality is suggested from the new description.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1376] viXra:1909.0171 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-13 08:52:36

Interpret Quantum Mechanics by Uncertain Complex Waves

Authors: Nguyen Dinh Dung
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper suggests a quantum reality which are uncertain complex waves. These waves are described completely by an axiomatic system. This axiomatic system solves the measurement problem elegantly. From the uncertain complex waves, I revalue the classical picture.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1375] viXra:1909.0171 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-12 12:45:46

Interpret Quantum Mechanics by Uncertain Complex Waves

Authors: Nguyen Dinh Dung
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper suggests a quantum reality which is uncertain complex waves. These waves are described completely by a system axiom. This system axiom solves the measurement problem elegantly. From the uncertain complex waves, I revalue the classical picture.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1374] viXra:1909.0026 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-01 14:55:57

Neutrinos as the Photons of the Strong Force

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 17 Pages.

This paper offers some rough ideas on doing away with the boson-fermion classification, and some more. We analyze the strong force as a proper force, which implies an analysis of the strong charge that it is supposed to act on. Such analysis is done through a dimensional analysis of Yukawa’s potential equation. We then think of the neutrino as an oscillation, applying our one-cycle photon model to it. In other words, we think of it as a carrier of the strong energy, rather than as a carrier of the strong force.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1373] viXra:1909.0026 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-25 13:45:13

Neutrinos as the Photons of the Strong Force

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 15 Pages.

This paper offers some rough ideas on doing away with the boson-fermion classification, and some more. We analyze the strong force as a proper force, which implies an analysis of the strong charge that it is supposed to act on. Such analysis is done through a dimensional analysis of Yukawa’s potential equation. We then think of the neutrino as an oscillation, applying our one-cycle photon model to it. In other words, we think of it as a carrier of the strong energy, rather than as a carrier of the strong force.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1372] viXra:1908.0592 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-31 10:18:48

Elementary Particles and Conservation Laws: a Realist Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 20 Pages.

This paper offers some epistemological reflections on the idea of elementary particles, boson and quark-gluon theory, and the nature of quantum-mechanical conservation laws. We apply Occam’s Razor Principle to what we think of as an unnecessary ‘multiplication of concepts’ by ‘the young wolves’ (Feynman, Dyson, Schwinger etc.) as they were claiming their own territory by trying to distinguish themselves from the first-generation quantum physicists (Planck, Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg, Schrödinger, Dirac, Pauli, etc.). We argue that their abandoning of Dirac’s research agenda (a kinematic model of quantum mechanics) has failed. We have no convincing model of the strong force, and the idea of virtual particles mediating forces resembles 19th aether theory: it looks like a superfluous concept. We also think it is a crucial mistake to think of the weak force as a force. Decay or disintegration processes should be analyzed in terms of transient or resonant oscillations and in terms of classical laws: conservation of energy, linear and angular momentum, charge and – importantly – the Planck-Einstein relation. Indeed, we argue the Planck-Einstein relation embodies the idea of the elementary cycle which – as a theoretical concept – has much more explanatory power than the idea of a particle. We feel vindicated by the 2019 revision of SI units (which abolished the mass unit as a fundamental unit) and the recent development of intuitive ‘mass without mass’ models of the electron and the photon.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1371] viXra:1908.0592 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-30 13:11:19

Elementary Particles and Conservation Laws

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 14 Pages.

This paper offers some basic epistemological reflections on the idea of elementary particles and the nature of quantum-mechanical conservation laws. We do so by applying Occam’s Razor Principle to what we think of as an unnecessary ‘multiplication of concepts’ after ‘the young wolves’ (Feynman, Dyson, Schwinger etcetera) took over from the first-generation of quantum physicists (Planck, Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg, Schrödinger, Dirac, Pauli, etcetera). We argue they have failed to offer a convincing model of the strong force and that the weak force should not be analyzed as a force. Decay or disintegration processes should be analyzed in terms of classical laws: conservation of energy, linear and angular momentum, charge and – importantly – the Planck-Einstein relation. We argue the latter embodies the idea of the elementary cycle, which is obviously much more relevant than the idea of an elementary particle, as evidenced by the 2019 revision of SI units.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1370] viXra:1908.0430 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-28 03:10:57

Electrons as Gluons?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 18 Pages.

This paper explores the idea of a model for the proton based on a presumed Zitterbewegung of a (muon) positron. It also offers some alternative thinking to the standard quark-gluon theory of nucleons and the nucleus. We readily admit these ideas are probably more fun than serious. However, we do invite the reader to think through it for himself, and we kindly request him to point out more inconsistencies – on top of the ones we identified ourselves – so as to further stimulate the ongoing quest for a realist model of nucleons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1369] viXra:1908.0430 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-24 07:50:49

Electrons as Gluons?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 19 Pages.

This paper explores the idea of a model for the proton based on a presumed Zitterbewegung of a (muon) positron. It also offers some alternative thinking to the standard quark-gluon theory of nucleons and the nucleus. We readily admit these ideas are probably more fun than serious. However, we do invite the reader to think through it for himself, and we kindly request him to point out more inconsistencies – on top of the ones we identified ourselves – so as to further stimulate the ongoing quest for a realist model of nucleons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1368] viXra:1908.0430 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-22 06:49:12

Electrons as Gluons?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 16 Pages.

This paper offers some alternatives to the standard quark-gluon theory of nucleons and the nucleus. We readily admit these ideas are probably more fun than serious. However, we do invite the reader to think through it for himself, and we kindly request him to point out more inconsistencies – on top of the ones we identified ourselves – so as to further stimulate the ongoing quest for a realist model of nucleons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1367] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-11-08 13:39:19

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 27 Pages.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem, pp. 13-14) and cannot in principle be measured with its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein, p. 27).
Category: Quantum Physics

[1366] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-31 12:10:10

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 26 Pages.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem, pp. 13-14) and cannot in principle be measured with/by its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein, p. 26).
Category: Quantum Physics

[1365] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-20 05:16:46

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 24 Pages. Typos corrected and text expanded. Final fersion.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem, pp. 13-14) and cannot in principle be measured with/by its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein).
Category: Quantum Physics

[1364] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-14 05:58:27

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 22 Pages. Final version.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem, pp. 13-14) and cannot in principle be measured with/by its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein).
Category: Quantum Physics

[1363] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-10-07 05:33:37

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 21 Pages. Comments welcome.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem, pp. 13-14) and cannot in principle be measured with/by its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein).
Category: Quantum Physics

[1362] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-29 05:47:24

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 17 Pages. Comments welcome.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem, pp. 13-14) and cannot in principle be measured with/by its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein). God casts the matrix (Max Planck), not the dice.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1361] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-19 11:17:01

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 16 Pages. Added note on 'anomalous aerial vehicle' (AAV), p. 16.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued (p. 6) that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem, pp. 13-14) and cannot in principle be measured with/by its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein). God casts the matrix (Max Planck), not the dice.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1360] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-15 12:54:12

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 14 Pages. Final version. Comments welcome.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued (p. 6) that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem, pp. 13-14) and cannot in principle be measured with/by its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein). God casts the matrix (Max Planck), not the dice.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1359] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-12 00:44:38

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 14 Pages. Added discussion of the Kochen-Specker Theorem (pp. 13-14).

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued (p. 6) that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem) and cannot in principle be measured with/by its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that nicely sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein). God casts the matrix (Max Planck), not the dice.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1358] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-08 12:48:44

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 12 Pages. Comments and questions are welcomed.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued (p. 6) that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem) and cannot in principle be measured with/by its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that nicely sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein). God casts the matrix (Max Planck), not the dice.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1357] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-02 16:44:52

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 9 Pages. Comments welcome.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued (p. 6) that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem) and cannot in principle be measured with/by its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that nicely sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein). God casts the matrix (Max Planck), not the dice.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1356] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-28 06:16:41

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 6 Pages. Comments welcome.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP). It is argued (p. 6) that the genuine quantum state (dubbed 'John') does not live on the light cone. It is UNcolorizable (Kochen-Specker Theorem) and cannot in principle be measured with/by its color-able, physicalizable 4D “jackets”, although the latter can be treated with “probabilities” (Erwin Schrödinger) that nicely sum up to unity. Der Herrgott würfelt nicht! (Albert Einstein). God casts the matrix (Max Planck), not the dice. Thus, I suggest BCCP produced by their quantum matrix.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1355] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-23 20:55:03

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 4 Pages. Comments welcome.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed brain-controlled cold plasma (BCCP).
Category: Quantum Physics

[1354] viXra:1908.0417 [pdf] replaced on 2019-08-20 07:26:11

Brain-Controlled Cold Plasma

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 4 Pages. Typos corrected and text expanded. Final fersion.

Hypothetical quantum fluids at room temperature, dubbed ‘brain-controlled cold plasma’ (BCCP).
Category: Quantum Physics