Quantum Physics

1312 Submissions

[25] viXra:1312.0208 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-08 13:45:51

Quantum Spacetime and Consciousness

Authors: Philip J. Carter
Comments: 40 Pages. Version 5. Corrected and updated.

A higher-dimensional spacetime model is proposed, accounting for nonlocal quantum phenomena while embracing Special Relativity as a limiting case. The Aspect and Megidish experiments are explained within this spacetime framework. Time is understood as spatial motion relative to higher dimensions, offering the degrees of freedom demanded by nonlocal effects along with a consistent milieu for Kaluza’s 5-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell theory. Special Relativity and quantum mechanics converge in the higher dimensions to yield the origins of mass while providing a geometrical mechanism relating mass and spacetime curvature (gravity). Part Two introduces a consciousness model within the higher-dimensional spacetime framework, integrating elements of physics, psychology, philosophy and metaphysics. Evidence from dreams is shown to correspond to both the physical model and the consciousness model. A theory of perception is presented on the foregoing basis. Keywords: consciousness, quantum mechanics, wavefunction, relativity, nonlocality, entanglement, space, time, spacetime, mind, perception, qualia, dreams, branes, imaginary dimensions, higher dimensions
Category: Quantum Physics

[24] viXra:1312.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-23 08:41:04

Как обмануть квантовую нелокальность? (How to Cheat Quantum Nonlocality?)

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 3 Pages. rus (русский)

Logical analysis of the phenomenon of entanglement in terms of quantum theory leads to the conclusion that the anticipating measurement of entangled photons in one channel, leads to the creation in the second channel a mixture of the two plane-polarized flows with mutually perpendicular polarizations.
Путенихин П.В. Логический анализ явления запутанности с точки зрения квантовой теории приводит к выводу, что опережающее измерение запутанных фотонов в одном канале приводит к созданию во втором канале смеси двух плоскополяризованных потоков с взаимно перпендикулярными поляризациями.
Category: Quantum Physics

[23] viXra:1312.0173 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-27 20:37:26

On Bell's Inequality

Authors: Jonathan Tooker
Comments: 1 Page. fixed some stupidity

We show that when spin eigenfunctions are not fully orthonormal, Bell's inequality does allow local hidden variables. In the limit where spin eigenfunctions are Dirac orthonormal, we recover a significant extremal case. The new calculation gives a possible accounting for $\alpha_{\mathrm{MCM}}-\alpha_{\mathrm{QED}}$.
Category: Quantum Physics

[22] viXra:1312.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-21 04:22:19

Главная загадка физики квантов (The Main Mystery of Physics Quants)

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 23 Pages. rus (русский)

The greatest, even the main mystery of physics is to experiment Jung for interference (double-slit experiment). Not possibly explain it, if to suppose the photon is a particle. But recognition of photon wave properties also does not allow non-contradictory to explain the interference pattern. On the one hand, the photon always leaves point on the photo-plate, which is incompatible with the wave nature of the photon. On the other hand, the photon in fact simultaneously passes through both slits, what is incompatible with his corpuscular nature. Many of the physical and scientific mysteries are extremely complicated as in the description, and in the arrangement of the experiment, but allow for an explanation, not contrary to logic and common sense. Experiment with the interference, on the contrary, is extremely simple in execution, however their impossible to explain. All the technical characteristics of the installation are simple in description (the source of photons, the interference grating, principles of phenomena and even mathematical calculation results), but a logical explanation, with position common sense, the linking them all in a single whole is impossible.
Путенихин П.В. Величайшей, даже главнейшей загадкой физики является эксперимент Юнга по интерференции (двухщелевой эксперимент). Невозможно объяснить его, допуская корпускулярность фотона. Но и признание у фотона волновых свойств так же не позволяет непротиворечиво объяснить интерференционную картину. С одной стороны, фотон всегда оставляет на фотопластинке точку, что несовместимо с волновой природой фотона. С другой стороны, фотон фактически одновременно проходит через обе щели, что несовместимо с его корпускулярной природой. Многие физические и научные загадки бывают крайне сложны как в описании, так и в постановке эксперимента, но позволяют привести объяснения, не противоречащие логике и здравому смыслу. Эксперимент с интерференцией, напротив, является предельно простым в исполнении и невозможным в объяснении. Все технические характеристики установки просты в описании (источник, интерференционные решётки, принципы явления и даже математические расчёты результатов), но логическое объяснение, с позиции здравого смысла, увязка всех их в единое целое невозможны.
Category: Quantum Physics

[21] viXra:1312.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-20 18:31:26

Эксперимент по схеме Аспекта с источником псевдо-запутанных частиц (The Experiment on Scheme Aspect's with the Source of Pseudo-Entangled Particles)

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 11 Pages. rus (русский)

From the date of publication in 1964 article «On the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox» and to our day’s arguments Bella, better known in the form of a «bell's inequalities», are the most common and the main argument in the dispute between the ideas of non-locality of quantum mechanics and a whole class of theories on the basis of «hidden variables» or «additional parameters», formulated in the most General form. Bell showed that there are some conditions (called the «bell's inequalities»), which are correct for local theories, but their violate by quantum mechanics. In the proposed article argues that the predictions of quantum mechanics and local theories are relevant to fundamentally different types of pairs of particles: classic EPR-pairs and probabilistic, independent (pseudo - entangled) pairs of particles. Has examined the predictions of the two theories for both classes of pairs and shown that they coincide. In the case of pseudo-entangled pairs, who examined by the theory of additional parameters, bell's inequality is not violated also to predictions of quantum mechanics. In turn, for the classic EPR pairs theory of additional parameters gives such predictions that, what and quantum mechanics, and together with it requires «non-locality», what is actually a disguised refusal from the relativism («illusionary long-range action»).
Путенихин Петр Васильевич. Со дня опубликования в 1964 году статьи «On the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox» и до наших дней доводы Белла, более известные в форме «неравенств Белла», служат самым распространённым и главным аргументом в споре между представлениями о нелокальности квантовой механики и целым классом теорий на основе «скрытых переменных» или «дополнительных параметров», сформулированных в самом обще виде. Белл показал, что существуют некоторые условия (названные впоследствии «неравенствами Белла»), которые соблюдаются для локальных теорий, но нарушаются квантовой механикой. В предлагаемой статье утверждается, что предсказания квантовой механики и локальных теорий относятся к принципиально разным видам пар частиц: классическим ЭПР-парам и вероятностным, независимым (псевдо-запутанным) парам частиц. Рассмотрены предсказания двух теорий для обоих классов пар и показано, что они полностью совпадают. В случае псевдо-запутанных пар, которые рассматривают теории дополнительных параметров, неравенства Белла не нарушаются и для предсказаний квантовой механики. В свою очередь для классических ЭПР-пар теория дополнительных параметров дает такие же предсказания, что и квантовая механика, и вместе с нею также требует «нелокальности», которая фактически является завуалированным отказом от релятивизма («призрачное дальнодействие»).
Category: Quantum Physics

[20] viXra:1312.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-21 02:25:14

Bell J.S., on the Einstein Podolsky Rosen Paradox (Russian Translation and the Comment's. Перевод с англ. П.В.Путенихин; комментарии к выводам)

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 12 Pages. rus (русский)

Here is the translation of the famous article Bell J.S. about the EPR-paradox, as well as comments to the Bell's conclusions and the original of article's. Article Bella is a convincing mathematical and logical refutation of the arguments of the Einstein about the incompleteness of quantum mechanics and its provisions about so-called «local realism». From the day publishing the article in 1964 to the present day arguments Bella, better known in the form of a «bell's inequalities», are the most common and the main argument in the dispute between the ideas of non-locality of quantum mechanics and a whole class of theories on the basis of «hidden variables» or «additional settings». In the present work provides a translation of the Bell's article and comments to its conclusions. Made assumptions that Bell's conclusions are a compromise between special relativity theory and experimentally observed phenomenon of entanglement with all visible signs of the instant dependence of the two separated systems. This compromise known these days as the non-locality or nonseparability. Non-locality in fact, directly negates the provisions of the traditional theory of the probability of the dependent and independent events and substantiates the new provisions - quantum probability, quantum rules for calculating the probability of events (addition of probability amplitudes). Such a compromise is the soil for the emergence of mystical views on the nature.
Перевод знаменитой статьи Д.С.Белла об ЭПР-парадоксе, а также комментарии к выводам Белла и оригинал статьи. Статья Белла явилась убедительным математико-логическим опровержением доводов Эйнштейна о неполноте квантовой механики и сформулированных им положений так называемого «локального реализма». Со дня опубликования статьи в 1964 году и до наших дней доводы Белла, более известные в форме «неравенств Белла», служат самым распространённым и главным аргументом в споре между представлениями о нелокальности квантовой механики и целым классом теорий на основе «скрытых переменных» или «дополнительных параметров». В предлагаемой работе приводится перевод статьи Белла и комментарии к его выводам. Высказаны предположения, что возражения Белла являются компромиссом между специальной теорией относительности и экспериментально наблюдаемым явлением запутанности, имеющим все видимые признаки мгновенной зависимости двух отделенных друг от друга систем. Этот компромисс известен в наши дни как нелокальность или несепарабельность. Нелокальность фактически отрицает положения традиционной теории вероятности на зависимые и независимые события и обосновывает новые положения – квантовую вероятность, квантовые правила вычисления вероятности событий (сложение амплитуд вероятностей). Подобный компромисс служит почвой для возникновения мистических взглядов на природу.
Category: Quantum Physics

[19] viXra:1312.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-20 07:02:27

Взаимные переходы квантовых состояний Белла (Mutual Transitions of Quantum Bell-States)

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 4 Pages. rus (русский)

Here is shown analysis of the properties of entangled particles (Bell-states). It is shown that after rotation of qubits on gate Hadamard, two of Bell's states transformed into each other.
Путенихин Петр Васильевич. Приведён анализ свойств запутанных частиц (состояний Белла). Показано, что после поворота гейтом Адамара белловских состояний два из них переходят друг в друга.
Category: Quantum Physics

[18] viXra:1312.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-20 07:17:59

Не-белловские квантовые запутанные состояния (Non-Bell Quantum Entangled States)

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 11 Pages. rus (русский)

This paper deals with the states of the quantum entanglement generic (non-Bell entangled states), and their creation with of a quantum gate CNOT. Transitions into each other when you rotate the entangled states of Bell, and logical entity of non-locality on the example of a thought experiment with a quantum "nonlocal dice".
Путенихин Петр Васильевич. Данная работа посвящена исследованию состояний квантовой запутанности общего вида (не-белловских состояний запутанности) и их созданию с помощью квантового гейта CNOT. Рассмотрены переходы друг в друга при повороте запутанных состояний Белла и логическая сущность нелокальности на примере мысленного эксперимента с квантовым «нелокальным кубиком».
Category: Quantum Physics

[17] viXra:1312.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-20 08:21:02

Задача по квантовым вычислениям (The Task of Quantum Computing)

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 4 Pages. rus (русский)

Considered (for training purposes) task to measure the polarized photon streams with different polarization by the same polarizer. Calculating the probability of passing these photons are produced with the use of projective mathematics of quantum computing.
Путенихин П.В. Рассмотрена в учебных целях задача по измерению поляризованных фотонных потоков с различной поляризацией с помощью одного и того же поляризатора. Вычисления вероятности прохождения этих фотонов произведены с использованием проективной математики квантовых вычислений.
Category: Quantum Physics

[16] viXra:1312.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-19 21:43:32

Quantum Teleportation: a Detailed Analysis (Квантовая телепортация: подробный анализ)

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 8 Pages. rus (русский)

Considered in detail the basic mathematical calculations underlying quantum teleportation. Used a variety of "teleportation carriers" - a pair of qubits carrying out the transfer of the quantum state.
Путенихин Петр Васильевич. Подробно рассмотрены базовые математические выкладки, положенные в основу квантовой телепортации. Использованы различные «телепортационные несущие» - пары кубитов, осуществляющих перенос квантового состояния.
Category: Quantum Physics

[15] viXra:1312.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-19 21:54:25

How Disentangled the Quantum Entanglement (Как распутать квантовую запутанность)

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 12 Pages. rus (русский)

The article contains a physical explanation of quantum entanglement (nonlocality). Entangled quantum particles do not exchange information with each other, but «knows what makes» each of them. This is traditional, absurd explanation. The Entangled particles are exchanged nonclassical, «quantum information». The non-locality contradict the special theory of relativity and classical probability theory.
Путенихин Петр Васильевич. Приведено физическое объяснение квантовой запутанности (нелокальности). Запутанные квантовые частицы не обмениваются друг с другом информацией, но при этом «знают», что делает каждая из них. Это традиционное, абсурдное объяснение. Запутанные частицы обмениваются неклассической, «квантовой информацией». Тем не менее это вступает в противоречие с теорией относительности. С другой стороны, нелокальность вступает в противоречие с классической (колмогоровской) теорией относительности.
Category: Quantum Physics

[14] viXra:1312.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-16 05:33:08

Что такое неравенства Белла? (What is the Bell's Inequalities?)

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 23 Pages. rus (русский)

Bell's inequality is used as the main argument in the dispute between the local realism Einstein and quantum non-locality. If we carefully analyze an argument, you can recognize: Einstein rights - quantum mechanics is incomplete, and «modern physics has turned, in fact, a continuation of mathematics, completely lost all hope of understanding the nature of the studied phenomena».
Путенихин Петр Васильевич. Неравенства Белла используются в качестве основного аргумента в споре между локальным реализмом Эйнштейна и квантовой нелокальностью. Если тщательно проанализировать доводы, то можно признать: Эйнштейн прав – квантовая механика неполна, а «современная физика, превратилась, по сути дела, в продолжение математики, совершенно утратив все надежды на понимание природы изучаемых явлений».
Category: Quantum Physics

[13] viXra:1312.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-14 10:11:30

Квантовая механика против СТО (Quantum Mechanics Against Special Relativity)

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 4 Pages. rus (русский)

Statements about «peaceful coexistence» quantum theory and special relativity are unfounded. The views of these two theories on the rate of transmission of interactions are implacable and mutually exclusive. One of these two theories (or both) requires revision.
Утверждения о «мирном сосуществовании» квантовой теории и специальной теории относительности необоснованны. Взгляды этих двух теорий на скорость передачи взаимодействия являются непримиримыми и взаимоисключающими. Одна из этих двух теорий (или обе) требует пересмотра.
Category: Quantum Physics

[12] viXra:1312.0097 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-05 00:29:40

Unobservable Potentials to Explain Single Photon and Electron Interference

Authors: Masahito Morimoto
Comments: 10 Pages. Published by Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience. vol.14, pp.4121–4132 (2017)

We show single photon and electron interferences can be calculated without quantum-superposition states by using tensor form (covariant quantization). From the analysis results, the scalar potential which correspond to an indefinite metric vector forms an oscillatory field and causes the interferences. The results clarify the concept of quantum-superposition states is not required for the description of the interference, which leads to an improved understanding of the uncertainty principle and resolution of paradox of reduction of the wave packet, elimination of infinite zero-point energy and derivation of spontaneous symmetry breaking. The results conclude Quantum theory is a kind of deterministic physics without ''probabilistic interpretation''.
Category: Quantum Physics

[11] viXra:1312.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-12 04:52:06

On the Emergence of the Physical-World from the Ultimate Reality

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: A 16-page-manuscript presenting new insight into the nature of fundamental-particles, wave-particle-duality, quantum-mechanical-waves and gravity.

Based on the statements of Robert B. Laughlin, Albert Einstein, Louis de Broglie, Paul Anderson Dirac, and the logical reasoning presented in the previous article, titled “On the nature of Consciousness, Space and the Ultimate-Reality” (Journal of Consciousness Explorations and Research, Nov. 2013, Vol.4, Issue 9), 'space' is not an 'empty', 'void extension of nothingness'; rather, there exists an ultimately real entity (UR), which is all-pervading in space and everpresent in time. This Ultimate-Reality can be visualized as 'Mutually-Balanced-Field'. It is discussed here that "matter‟ is just a "process‟ or a "phenomenon‟ of "fluctuations‟ spontaneously generated in the ultimate reality. Then it is logically derived that only spherical patterns of fluctuations are sustained for longer durations, so there are integer number of spherical fluctuation-patterns, which we perceive as the "fundamental particles‟ of "matter‟. Then a mathematical-derivation is presented which supports the logic, that a 'particle' of 'matter' is 'a localized spherical standing-wave'. This attempt leads to: (i) a new insight into the "waveparticle-duality‟ of all 'fundamental-particles'; (ii) to a new understanding that the currently considered 'quantum-mechanical-waves' are 'envelop-variations' or 'modulations' of the actual more-fundamental-waves, considered here. This understanding, of true nature of "particles‟, leads us to 'wave-theoretical-understanding' of 'gravity'; and an explanation for the observed 'relative-strengths' of 'gravitational' and 'electric' forces.
Category: Quantum Physics

[10] viXra:1312.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2013-12-21 12:07:50

Quantization Method to Calculate the Energy Levels of the Atoms: the Modified Potencial Coulomb Energy.

Authors: Silas Sacheli Santos
Comments: 15 Pages.

To explain the energy levels of the atoms, we use a new equation of quantization. This equation is a modified potencial Coulomb energy multiplied by the period which has the SI unit of angular moment (J.s). The calculations are in agreement for the atoms of H, He, Li, Be and C. The maximum error is 3.6% but only using the Coulomb force. It is necessary to continue the research for the others forces too.
Category: Quantum Physics

[9] viXra:1312.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-10 10:31:31

How Arithmetic Generates the Logic of Quantum Experiments

Authors: Steve Faulkner
Comments: 23 Pages.

As opposed to the classical logic of true and false, viewed as an axiomatised theory, ordinary arithmetic conveys the three logical values: provable, negatable and logically independent. This research proposes the hypothesis that Axioms of Arithmetic are the fundamental foundation running arithmetical processes in Nature, upon which physical processes rest. And goes on to show, in detail, that under these axioms, quantum mathematics derives and initiates logical independence, agreeing with indeterminacy in quantum experiments. Supporting arguments begin by explaining logical independence in arithmetic, in particular, independence of the square root of minus one. The method traces all sources of information entering arithmetic, needed to write mathematics of the free particle. Wave packets, prior to measurement, are found to be the only part of theory logically independent of axioms; the rest of theory is logically dependent. Ingress of logical independence is via uncaused, unprevented self-reference, sustaining the wave packet, but implying unitarity. Quantum mathematics based on axiomatised arithmetic is established as foundation for the 3-valued logic of Hans Reichenbach, which reconciles quantum theory with experimental anomalies such as the Einstein, Podolsky & Rosen paradox.
Category: Quantum Physics

[8] viXra:1312.0043 [pdf] replaced on 2013-12-12 11:54:30

The Stochastic Nature of Quantum Physics

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 4 Pages.

The stochastic nature of quantum physics can best be comprehended by shifting to another space-progression model. This other model is called a paginated space-progression model and uses a universe wide time clock that ticks synchronously at the location of all observable items/events. As a consequence this model proceeds with universe wide progression steps from each static status quo to the next one. A straight forward consequence is that the whole universe is recreated at every progression step. This recreation is used to explain the stochastic structure of elementary particles.
Category: Quantum Physics

[7] viXra:1312.0041 [pdf] replaced on 2016-04-25 11:46:50

Non-Local Quantum Theory is Fourier-Transformed Classical Mechanics. Planck's Constant as Adiabatic Invariant Characterized by Hubble's and Cosmological Constants

Authors: Anton A. Lipovka
Comments: 20 Pages. published

In the present work we suggest a non-local generalization of quantum theory which include quantum theory as a particular case. On the basis of the idea, that Planck constant is an adiabatic invariant of the free/coupled electromagnetic field, we calculate the value of Plank constant from first principles, namely from the geometry of our Universe. The basic nature of the quantum theory is discussed. The nature of the dark energy is revealed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[6] viXra:1312.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-06 07:59:24

Potential Energy Shift in Single Electron Spatial Interference

Authors: Thomas Alexander Meyer
Comments: 11 Pages.

I propose an idealized electron interference experiment with a light-port/dark-port configuration and consider the possible outcomes for the average energy of electric potential that is present in a statistically relevant set of single electron measurements. The changes in energy of electric potential of the electron during its evolution will cause a shift in the kinetic energy or momentum of the electron, and this calculated shift may be interpreted differently for the case of interference and non-interference. I also propose an idealized single electron spatial interference effect and the associated changes in states of electric potential.
Category: Quantum Physics

[5] viXra:1312.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-05 13:39:29

Cosmic Quantization with Respect to the Conservation of Upper-Limit Energy

Authors: Essam E Maroun
Comments: 5 Pages.

The conditions of the early universe are not known with any measure of certainty — they are only theories. Therefore, using the assumption that the estimated total energy of the observable universe is conserved, we propose a different lower limit for the gravitational energy; we attempt to unify the subatomic and the large scale universe into one coherent whole; thus, showing that the cosmos behaves like a quantum object. It uses a form of Bohr’s quantization to strengthen the unification of quantum gravity. Our model is simple, yet comprehensive.
Category: Quantum Physics

[4] viXra:1312.0024 [pdf] replaced on 2014-05-26 06:10:45

Revised Theory of Quantum Physics of Potentisation of Homeopathic Medicine

Authors: Christina Munns
Comments: 7 Pages.

INTRODUCTION This article is written with the intention of explaining the quantum physics of the process of potentisation of a homeopathic medicine. It is proposed as a theory at present, since it has not yet been scientifically proven to be correct by undergoing experimentation in a quantum scale research laboratory. This paper represents a revised version of this theory, since new information has come to light regarding the true nature of the quantum mechanics of the succussion process. I propose that the key to understanding how homeopathic medicines operate is through the understanding of quantum mechanics. When the understanding of quantum mechanics is applied to the process of homeopathic potentisation (i..e succussion and dilution), it is apparent how a homeopathic medicine is able to become increasingly more powerful (and thus potentially more curative) the more it is succussed and diluted. Of particular importance are the dynamics of electrons within the quantum state, since it is these free-standing fundamental particles that configure themselves in increasingly larger and larger numbers with each increasing orbital number, with each subsequent succussion process. With each increase in orbital size there is a concomitant increase in the energy of the atom, which represents an increase in the level of the homeopathic potency. Dr Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), the German medical doctor who founded homeopathy, discovered that in order for a homeopathic medicine to effect a cure it needed to be increasingly potentised or made increasingly powerful. This increase in potency takes place not only through the process of serial dilution but also through the process of serial succussion. I have come to understand that it is the dynamics of succussion and dilution at the quantum scale that are the keys that open the door to the mystery of exactly how a homeopathic medicine works within an organism. This theory of the quantum physics of the potentisation process will now be explained in detail.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3] viXra:1312.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-01 17:42:12

Coupling Constants Formula

Authors: Robert Tetlow
Comments: 1 Page.

Summarized results of a formula which links the four fundamental coupling constants to basic mathematical constants.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2] viXra:1312.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-01 18:06:17

Dirac Equation's Mystery

Authors: DaeHyeon KANG
Comments: 2 Pages.

Agualar momentum j in the Dirac equation and j in the schronger equation are eqaul or different ? they are equal. but, j=0 in the dirac equation is forbidden, j=0 in the schronger equation is allowed. from this fact, it seems Dirac equation is not appropriate to study atomic phenomenon. maybe, only in a central field of force.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1] viXra:1312.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2013-12-02 02:56:50

Quantum Field Theory and Non-Local Geometry: an Intrinsic Way of Describing Quantum Behaviour

Authors: Yong Tao
Comments: 33 Pages. 4 figures; 5 appendixes

The origin of quantum behaviour (or equivalently, wave-particle duality) is an important problem for physics; moreover, Euclidean geometry and Riemannian geometry may be invalid if the small scales of real universe exhibit fractal structure. With this purpose, we attempt to develop a mathematical framework -call it the "non-local geometry"- and meanwhile propose a set of non-local calculus theory for analytically describing fractal (Euclidean geometry and Riemannian geometry are two special cases of fractal whenever the dimension equals an integer). Our study shows that the "Heisenberg Uncertainly Principle" and "non-local entanglement" would naturally emerge in the theoretical framework of non-local geometry. More interestingly, using the non-local geometry we show that if the dimension of time axis is slightly less than 1, then we can directly derive Planck's formula of energy quantum. This means that non-zero Planck's constant itself requires that the dimension of space-time is slightly less than 4; thus, our theory presents a natural explanation for the dimensional regularization of quantum field theory. Our further study shows that all computing results obtained by quantum field theory can be reproduced in the theoretical framework of non-local geometry. To discriminate our theory from current quantum field theory, we suggest a method of measuring the dimension of time axis.
Category: Quantum Physics