[6] **viXra:1206.0076 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-06-20 20:51:44*

**Authors:** Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

We report here our experimental findings of new nonlocal biological effect measured objectively and quantitatively under blind conditions. The method used includes the steps of providing two parts of quantum-entangled medium, applying one part to a biological system such as a human, contacting the other part with a desired substance such as a medication, and detecting change of a biological parameter with a detecting device. Using this method, we have found that after consumption by a test subject of one part of the quantum entangled water, the subject’s heart rate was non-locally increased under blind conditions by adding to the second part of the quantum-entangled water an over-the-counter medication Primatene which contains the heart stimulant ephedrine. The said increase of heart rate is measurable with a heart rate monitor, statistically significant and consistently reproducible.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[5] **viXra:1206.0074 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-09-01 11:50:55*

**Authors:** Felix M Lev

**Comments:** 21 Pages. The last section (discussion) and the list of references have been considerably extended.

In explaining such phenomena as the redshift and even the fact that we can see stars and planets, the effect of wave packet spreading (WPS) of the photon wave function is not taken into account. Probably the main reason is a belief that WPS is not important since a considerable WPS would blur the images more than what is seen. However, WPS is an inevitable consequence of quantum theory and moreover this effect is also known in classical electrodynamics. So it is not sufficient to just say that a considerable WPS is excluded by observations. One should try to estimate the importance of WPS and to understand whether our intuition is correct or not. We explicitly demonstrate that a standard relativistic quantum-mechanical calculation shows that
spreading in the direction perpendicular to the photon momentum is very important and cannot be neglected. Hence the physics of the above phenomena is not well understood yet. Possible approaches for solving the problem are discussed.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[4] **viXra:1206.0058 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-06-19 11:02:40*

**Authors:** Don Reed

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

With the announcement of the recent successful production of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of photons (2010), a circle has been completed which started in 1925 with the vision of Albert Einstein and Sateyendra Nath Bose - a sustained macroscopic condensed state of matter where all atoms are in the same lowest quantum state. The creation of an all-optical BEC, involving a surprisingly straightforward "tabletop" method, amenable now even to amateur researchers, which bypasses the normally requisite laser/evaporative cooling equipment and ultra-high vacuum chambers necessary for the production of the standard delicate atomic BEC, elevates this phenomenon to a new level well beyond its current perception as mere laboratory curiosity. Accordingly, this development certainly heralds the eventual incorporation of atomic and photon BECs as standard operating components of energy-efficient mechanical, optical and electrical systems, implying novel ingeneious engineering protocols amenable to all the tools of of non-linear and quantum optics. Pointing towards such a promising technological future are the suggestion that a photon BEC could serve as a new high-energy ultra-violet (UV) laser photon source, as well as the recent unprecedented implementation of a closed-loop atom circuit (toroidal atomic BEC - 2011) demonstrating precise control of superfluid current flow, forecasting the coveted development of an atomic SQUID. Perhaps, more significantly, the new highly robust and manageable optical BEC will allow heretofore unfathomable precise probing of the atomic and nano-levels of nature, affording novel high-quality testing procedures for the major foundations of quantum mechanics itself. Such a primary advancement, providing a clearer glimpse into the microscopic realms, may present us as never before with an unprecedented view of the quantum engine that underpins physical reality itself and help place the contextual nature of entanglement and quantum coherence on a firmer foundation(see also companion paper vixra:1112.0068). Thus further progress in achieving mastery over the precise flexible manipulation of exotic BEC states could demonstrate that quantum contextuality might be an unsusupected over-arching archetypal principle in nature, leading to new insight in regards to the interpretation of quantum mechanics at all levels of nature. Moreover, it will be shown that this concealed and hence heretofore unsuspected contextual aspect of natural laws, as exemplified by the dynamics underlying BEC structure, could be brought to bear to account for physical anomalies inexplicable using current paradigms, such as the claimed energy yields from low-energy nuclear reactions(as represented by the process of so-called "cold fusion", directly related to recent commercial advancements in this field - the Andrea Rossi E-Cat, for example), making this phenomenon more tractable and rendered less controversial.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[3] **viXra:1206.0057 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-06-16 19:18:45*

**Authors:** Roger Schlafly

**Comments:** 10 Pages. Submitted to 2012 FQXi Essay Contest

Much of modern theoretical physics assumes that the true nature of reality is mathematics. This is a great mistake. The assumption underlies most of the paradoxes of quantum mechanics, and has no empirical justification. Accepting that the assumption is wrong will allow physics and mathematics to progress as distinct disciplines.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[2] **viXra:1206.0055 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-06-18 06:20:37*

**Authors:** Xiuqing Huang

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In this paper, we try to construct the famous Schrodinger equation of quantum mechanics in a very simple manner. It is shown that, even though the mathematical procedure of the construction may be correct, it is evident that the establishment of the Schrodinger equation is unreasonable in physics. We point out the application of the Schrodinger equation, in fact, will lead to the transformation of the studied system into an arbitrary variable pseudo physical system. This finding may help to uncover the nature of the nonlocality and Heisenberg's uncertainty principle of quantum mechanics. It is inevitable that the use of the Schrodinger equation will violate the law of conservation of energy. Hence, we argue that the Schrodinger equation is unsuitable to be applied to any physical systems.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[1] **viXra:1206.0003 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-06-08 12:30:38*

**Authors:** Paul J. Werbos

**Comments:** 11 Pages. clarifications inserted and new approach to scattering

This paper proposes a method for the axiomatic quantization of field theories defined by a Lagrangian of the form L(ϕ, ∇ϕ, ∂tϕ) , where ϕ is a mathematical vector field typically made up of scalars, covariant vectors, tensors and so on. It reviews basic challenges in the axiomatic formulation of quantum field theory, in quantizing “soliton models” which arise in grand unification and in phenomenological nuclear physics, and unresolved issues regarding mass normalization and the radius of the electron. It proposes a new fundamental theorem (conjecture) for spectra and bound states of bosonic field theories, exploiting the Glauber-Sudarshan P representation, and suggests how this might later be extended to solve the problem of choice (ill-definedness) in the S matrix in traditional formulations of quantum theory. The Appendix provides an extension of the P representation to perform quantization into the four dimensional Fock-Hilbert space as in the formalism of Streater and Wightman, a formalism which may possibly imply dynamics which are credible but different from the canonical version of quantum field theory.

**Category:** Quantum Physics