Quantum Physics

0908 Submissions

[9] viXra:0908.0103 [pdf] submitted on 27 Aug 2009

There is No Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox in Clifford-Spaces

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 8 pages, This article appeared in Adv. Studies in Theor. Phys. 1, no. 12 (2007) 603-610.

It is shown how one can attain the desired locally causal property of QM in Clifford-spaces despite the spacelike separation of two massive spin-½ particles involved in the Einstein-Podolksy-Rosen (EPR) experiment. This is achieved by proving why the addition laws of the particles poly-vector-valued momentum in Clifford-space is null-like. This is the key reason why it is possible to implement a locally causal QM theory in Clifford-spaces despite that QM has a non-local character in ordinary spacetime. The two particles can exchange signals in Clifford-space encoding their respective spin measurement values. Consequently, there is no EPR paradox in the Clifford space associated with the Clifford algebra Cl(3,1) of the underlying 4D spacetime.
Category: Quantum Physics

[8] viXra:0908.0097 [pdf] submitted on 26 Aug 2009

Information Mechanics

Authors: John L. Haller Jr.
Comments: 24 pages

Advances in science are brought fourth by hypothesizing that the action of a system is a direct measure of the amount of information in that system. We begin to interpret this governing hypothesis by examining its implications to current research. From this investigation, we find four primary conclusions.

  1. To properly and completely quantify the amount of information contained within a particle (or system), one must add the self-information of both the wavefunction and its Fourier transform pair.
  2. Information in nature is found in packets quantized to an integer number of the natural units.
  3. Over a period of time, the energy of a system acts like an information rate and thus the information needed to describe that system for that period of time is equal to the product of the energy and the time divided by the minimum uncertainty.
  4. At a given instant in time, the angular momentum, J, of a system is in direct proportion to the amount of information that is contained within or can be transmitted by that system.
Empirical evidence affirming our governing hypothesis is given through twelve examples of systems (ranging from a black hole, to an electric circuit, to an electron). Thus from the very big down to the limits of the Heisenberg uncertainty principal, the conclusions are shown as a self consistent theory, accurately quantifying the amount of information in each given system.
Category: Quantum Physics

[7] viXra:0908.0096 [pdf] submitted on 26 Aug 2009

Critic of Notions of Official Physics Concerning a Microcosm

Authors: Vladislav Konovalov
Comments: 11 pages

In the article a critic of the main notions of a modern physics is given
Category: Quantum Physics

[6] viXra:0908.0075 [pdf] submitted on 20 Aug 2009

Conditions for Entanglement

Authors: Dieter Gernert
Comments: 6 pages. Journal reference: Frontier Perspectives, vol. 14, no. 2, 8-13 (2005)

Whereas entanglement and nonlocality belong to the fundamental findings of quantum theory, possible extensions to macroscopic systems outside the quantum laboratory are scarcely studied. This paper analyses conditions for entanglement to occur on a macrophysical level. An empirical basis is given by historic episodes and modern quantitative data. Theoretical understanding can start from the concept of perspective notions; the crucial new term is "common prearranged context", which characterizes the preparation to be made in advance (or naturally given conditions) in order to enable entanglement. A mathematical formalization is possible and gives some insight about how to handle perspective notions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[5] viXra:0908.0062 [pdf] submitted on 10 Aug 2009

Wrong Construing of the Boltzmann Factor; e = Hν is Wrong

Authors: Hamid V. Ansari
Comments: Pages.

As we know probability of finding a system in one of its accessible states is proportial to the Boltzmann factor. It is shown that contrary to what is thought at present in this proportion the energy appearing in the Boltzmann factor is not a variable but it is a constant and the variable is the state accessible for the system having this constant energy. So, what at present is accepted as Boltzmann factor is not real. Deduction of the Maxwell velocity distribution as an instance of the consequences of the real Boltzmann factor, and the first deduction of the relation E = hν as an instance of the consequences of the wrong Boltzmann factor are presented. A logical review of some of the fundamental elements of the statistical mechanics, that also contains some new viewpoints, has been necessary. A factor is introduced in a general expression for molar specific heat which plays the role of partition (not equipartition) of energy and giving suitable amounts to it all the practical cases including ones related to ideal gases and crystalline solids are coveredν
Category: Quantum Physics

[4] viXra:0908.0061 [pdf] submitted on 10 Aug 2009

Classical Justification of the Stern-Gerlach Experiment

Authors: Hamid V. Ansari
Comments: Pages.

It is shown that contrary to what is thought the classical physics does not predict a uniform distribution for the magnetic dipoles (silver atoms) in a nonuniform magnetic field in the Stern-Gerlach experiment. Its prediction for a concentrated beam is obtained in the form of a circular surface such that the density of the dipoles is much more near the edge than near the center. Some experiments are proposed for testing the contents of the article.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3] viXra:0908.0060 [pdf] replaced on 2013-07-04 10:43:36

Compton Effect as a Doppler Effect

Authors: Hamid V. Ansari
Comments: Pages.

An electromagnetic wave with the wavelength lambda, which has some energy, descends on an electron and makes it move in the same direction of propagation of the wave. The wave makes the moving electron oscillate with a lower frequency. A simple analysis shows that this moving oscillating electron radiates, in the direction making angle theta with the direction of the incident wave, an electromagnetic wave which its wavelength is bigger by a factor proportional to lambda(1 − cos theta). The mechanism presented for pushing the electron, necessitates that Camton scattering to cease if the experiment is performed in vacuum. (I'm ready to prepare for doing such a critical test experiment in any university as a guest researcher.)
Category: Quantum Physics

[2] viXra:0908.0034 [pdf] submitted on 8 Aug 2009

Interplay of Fields

Authors: Vladislav Konovalov
Comments: 15 pages

In the article the different aspects of interplay of fields with field carriers are reviewed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1] viXra:0908.0007 [pdf] replaced on 6 Aug 2009

Unified Theory Replaces Quantum Theory & Uncertainty Principle

Authors: Rati Ram Sharma
Comments: 12 pages

Heisenberg argued that wave and particle are too exclusively different in properties, making the intrinsic wave-quantum unity of light impossible to visualize and describe by the language. He invented mathematical Quantum Theory to circumvent visualization and inadequacy of language. But mathematics too is a language to supplement description. He used it to superimpose hidden concepts leading to the Uncertainty Principle. In Unified Theory the wave & particle aspects of electromagnetic radiation and moving material particle coexist blended together as wave-quantum UNITY. This is also supported by experiments. The wave-or-quantum DUALITIES of Quantum Theory appear due to experimental limitations to observe only one and not both of the two aspects simultaneously. Conservation of mass & momentum are inviolable. Matter's creation from, or dissolution into, 'nothing' is unrealistic. So the Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle is rejected as unrealistic and new Principle of Null Action with universal applications is introduced. The Copenhagen interpretation of Quantum Theory is reappraised critically.
Category: Quantum Physics