[8] **viXra:0702.0058 [pdf]**
*submitted on 25 Feb 2007*

**Authors:** Peter Rowlands

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

It is possible to reconstruct a ‘defragmented’ Dirac equation in such a way as to
generate automatic second quantization, supersymmetry without extra particles, finite
energy of the free state without renormalization, propagators without an infrared
divergence, string theory without strings, explicit state vectors for fermions, bosons and
baryons, symmetry breaking between the weak, strong and electric interactions, quark
confinement and automatic baryonic mass. Even the Dirac equation itself becomes
unnecessary, as the entire information required to determine phase and amplitude
becomes compactified within a single expression for the Dirac state.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[7] **viXra:0702.0057 [pdf]**
*submitted on 25 Feb 2007*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

It is shown that the value of α = (1/137.036...) can be derived from first physical principles by modeling
the renormalized charge differences in QED, between three prescribed scales, with the definite integrals of the
ground state probability density of the Hydrogen atom. This requires choosing the three fundamental scales
to be the Bohr radius, the Compton wavelength and the Rydberg scale, whose ratios among themselves
are related to α. The derivation is also compatible with the observed Astropysical variations of the fine
structure constant which results from the cosmological expansion of the Universe. Concluding remarks
pertaining Diophantine equations, number theory and physical constants are made.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[6] **viXra:0702.0056 [pdf]**
*submitted on 25 Feb 2007*

**Authors:** Florentin Smarandache, Dmitri Rabounski

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

Applying the R. A. Brightsen Nucleon Cluster Model of the atomic nucleus we discuss how
stable and unstable unmatter entities (the conjugations of matter and antimatter) may be formed
as clusters inside a nucleus. The model supports a hypothesis that antimatter nucleon clusters are
present as a parton (sensu Feynman) superposition within the spatial confinement of the proton
(1H1), the neutron, and the deuteron (1H2). If model predictions can be confirmed both
mathematically and experimentally, a new physics is suggested. A proposed experiment is
connected to othopositronium annihilation anomalies, which, being related to one of known
unmatter entity, orthopositronium (built on electron and positron), opens a way to expand the
Standard Model.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[5] **viXra:0702.0055 [pdf]**
*submitted on 25 Feb 2007*

**Authors:** Thomas R. Love

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

A theory of quantum mechanics in terms of a quantized spacetime
shows that Einstein was correct in his debate with Bohr. The
conflict of the axioms of quantum field theory and the axioms of general
relativity may resolved by modifying both and equating quantum
field theory with harmonic analysis on the complex space-time
QAdS = U(3, 2)/U(3, 1)xU(1). This is consistent with the geometry
of particle interactions introduced in Love

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[4] **viXra:0702.0034 [pdf]**
*submitted on 25 Feb 2007*

**Authors:** Roger Ellman

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

The subject is treated in two parts, inertial mass and gravitational mass. The present
paper is the first part: Inertial Mass, Its Mechanics – What It Is; How It Operates.
The behavior of inertial mass is well known, described by Newton’s Laws, the Lorentz
Contractions, and Einstein’s mass – energy equivalence. But just what mass is, how those
behaviors come about, what in material reality produces the effects of inertial mass, is little
understood.
The only extant hypothesis is the “Higgs Field” and its related particle, the Higgs Boson.
Neither has been detected in spite of significant efforts. Further, their hypothesis is not a
description of the mechanics of mass but an abstraction away from the problem, substituting
another field to explain that not well understood.
From a start of only the limitation on the speed of light, the necessity of conservation, and
the impossibility of an infinity in material reality, the present paper presents a comprehensive
analysis of the phenomenon inertial mass:
- how rest mass appears in particles,
- how the Newtonian behavior arises from that, and
- how the Lorentz Contractions operate in/on it,
or, in other words, the mechanics of inertial mass.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[3] **viXra:0702.0033 [pdf]**
*submitted on 25 Feb 2007*

**Authors:** Roger Ellman

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

The subject is treated in two parts, inertial mass and gravitational mass. The first
part, Inertial Mass, Its Mechanics – What It Is; How It Operates, developed inertial mass.
The present paper is the second part: Gravitational Mass, Its Mechanics – What It Is; How
It Operates.
The behavior of gravitation is well known, described by Newton’s Law of
Gravitation. But what gravitational mass is, how gravitational behavior comes about, what
in material reality produces the effects of gravitational mass, is little understood. The
extant hypotheses include Einstein's general relativity's bending of space, efforts to develop
“quantum gravitation”, and attempts to detect “gravitons” and “gravitational waves”.
Those do not address the mechanics of gravitation but, rather, are abstractions away from
it.
From a start of only the limitation on the speed of light, the necessity of
conservation, and the impossibility of an infinity in material reality, the present paper
presents a comprehensive analysis of the phenomenon gravitational mass:
- how it appears in particles,
- how the Newtonian gravitational behavior arises from that, and
- how the values of inertial mass and gravitational mass are identical,
or, in other words, the mechanics of gravitational mass and gravitation.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[2] **viXra:0702.0032 [pdf]**
*submitted on 25 Feb 2007*

**Authors:** Roger Ellman

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

Matter waves were discovered in the early 20th century from their wavelength, predicted by DeBroglie,
Planck's constant divided by the particle's momentum, that is...

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[1] **viXra:0702.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 25 Feb 2007*

**Authors:** Matti Pitkanen

**Comments:** recovered from sciprint.org

In [G2] a semiclassical model based on dark matter and hierarchy of Planck
constants is developed for the fractionized principal quantum number n
claimed by Mills [1] to have at least the values n =

**Category:** Quantum Physics