[22] **viXra:1411.0589 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-29 04:30:52*

**Authors:** Essam E Maroun

**Comments:** 10 Pages. email: emaroun85@hotmail.com

The conditions of the early universe are not known with any measure of certainty — they are only theories. Therefore, using the assumption that the estimated total energy of the observable universe is conserved, we propose a different lower limit for the gravitational energy; we attempt to unify the subatomic and the large scale universe into one coherent whole; thus, showing that the cosmos behaves like a quantum object. It uses a form of Bohr’s quantization to strengthen the unification of quantum gravity. Our model is simple, yet comprehensive.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[21] **viXra:1411.0582 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-02-10 01:40:34*

**Authors:** Francis M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

It is shown how misleading is the Einstein propagating photon, which prevented the discovery of the matter-antimatter vibration. The gravitation - electricity symmetry is patent in the holographic two-step interaction scheme, illustrating Cosmical Immergence. This leads to a logical interpretation of the incredible non-Doppler oscillations, observed by Kotov in several quasars, which confirms Coherent Holographic Cosmology. The correct prediction of Eddington's Large Number for the number of atoms in the observable Universe (136 × 2^256) leads to a simple natural interpretation for dark matter : matter in quadrature oscillation. The Gabor holographic condition leads to the gravitational speed 2.46 × 1036 c and a graviton mass 3.69 × 10-67 kg.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[20] **viXra:1411.0573 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-10-05 18:06:45*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

A numeric formula for the masses of composite particles made of three quarks (baryons) is
presented. The relationship, which uses “allowed” quantum numbers, predicts the masses of 16 baryons (including 2 baryon resonances) and one lepton: the tau particle, with an accuracy of, at least, 3 decimal places. The maximum accuracy of the formula is 7 decimal places and corresponds to the two new Ξb- baryon resonances recorded by the LHCb experiment at CERN. The relationship presented in this paper suggests the existence of a general formula for the mass of all known particles, which is yet, to be discovered.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[19] **viXra:1411.0570 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-26 12:42:05*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Researchers have studied electron-positron (e+e-) collisions for interactions that produce a normal photon γ and a dark photon A′ that interacts with ordinary matter particles. The dark photon can potentially decay into an e+e- pair (shown here) or a μ+μ- pair (not shown). However, the latest results from the BaBar collaboration offer no sign of dark photons, thus placing new limits on these types of models. [13]
Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter.
In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[18] **viXra:1411.0556 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-12-08 07:29:04*

**Authors:** Henok Tadesse

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The formidable problem with double-slit experiments is: if electrons and photons exhibit wave properties (seen as interference patterns), then what is waving? What is the medium for transmission of ‘electron waves’? Such a medium has been disproved experimentally, in the case of the photon, and not even conceivable for the electron. Erwin Schrodinger was on the right track with his view of the electron as a ‘smeared’ object, rather than as a point particle. Then how is a wave possible without a medium? How can a wave property and a particle property co-exist in a single physical entity (wave- particle duality)? Nature uses a simple and subtle trick : the average electron mass density at a given region of space is directly proportional to the root mean square (RMS) intensity of oscillation (velocity) of the electron (the electron wave) in that region. The instantaneous mass density of the electron at a given point is directly proportional to the instantaneous magnitude of vibrational velocity of the electron at that point. The average photon energy density in a given region of space is directly proportional to the root mean square of rate of change of the electric and magnetic fields in that region. The instantaneous energy density of the photon at a given point of space and time is directly proportional to the magnitude of rate of change of the electric and magnetic fields at that point. The rate of change of electric and magnetic fields in turn depends on the frequency, amplitude and phase of the wave. The electron mass and photon energy will always be concentrated at regions of high wave amplitude. This means that the electron and the photon are dragged by their respective waves. The new theory provides a hint on the mystery behind Planck’s relation: E=h.f. Higher frequency photons have higher energy than lower frequency photons just because higher frequency photons also have higher amplitudes of electric and magnetic field oscillations. If we assume that ordinary waves also have the same fundamental properties as electron waves, then we may be able to explain the lack of backward propagation in Huygens’ principle. We may be able to explain why the bouncing oil droplet in the Couder-Fort oil bath experiment starts to go in the direction of the wave propagation.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[17] **viXra:1411.0540 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-22 12:05:36*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

A formula for the mass of the electron is obtained postulating that the ratio between the mass of the electron to the mass of the muon equals the ratio between the mass of the down quark to the mass of the charm quark. The values of the quark masses used in this formula fall into the experimental limits published by reference [1].

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[16] **viXra:1411.0532 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-21 11:25:59*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Sometimes, you can picture something so vividly in your head that it feels as though you’re actually looking at what you’re imagining. But no matter how good your imagination is, information will flow through your brain in the opposite direction compared to when you actually perceive something. That’s the conclusion of a new study, published in NeuroImage, which looked at brain activity in participants when they were either watching clips or recalling them in their heads. [7]
The hypothesis that there may be something quantum-like about the human mental function was put forward with “Spooky Activation at Distance” formula which attempted to model the effect that when a word’s associative network is activated during study in memory experiment; it behaves like a quantum-entangled system. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[15] **viXra:1411.0482 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-20 13:00:20*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This paper is concerned with a formula for the mass of the neutron. This formula is based on
the mass of the proton and the masses of the three heavier leptons: the electron (generation 1), the muon (generation 2) and the tau particle (generation 3). The formula is, at least, accurate to 4 decimal places. Because the mass of the tau particle is poorly known, it is unknown whether this formula is physically correct or it is simply a numeric coincidence. Finally, the formula suggests a deep mass relationship between quarks and leptons.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[14] **viXra:1411.0230 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-18 12:10:54*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7]
The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[13] **viXra:1411.0217 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-16 09:15:03*

**Authors:** Jack B. Wenger

**Comments:** 128 Pages. Availible as html at www. quasiuniverse.com

Preface or abstract
Quasi universe changes very little. It is simply another perspective on the standard model and provides substance to field theory. The mathematics involved should be the similar, although this perspective may
provide some shortcuts and may even eliminate the need for “normalization”, perhaps not. I think that it makes many of the observed characteristics of cosmology, quantum mechanics and particle physics more intuitive. As far as I can tell it, agrees with observations as reported in the popular press and the texts that I have read. Others may find major flaws in its presentation. If that is the case, I am happy. At least they have read it.
The diagram, on the title page represents a cross section of the layers within a 5space hyper sphere. All spacial systems are treated as interfaces. Lines represent 4spaces, the areas between lines represent 5spaces and the point where the lines meet represents a 3space or volume.
The convention used within this document is that a 5space hyper sphere has a curved 4space (4
dimensional) surface that encloses a 5space hyper (5 dimensional) volume just as a 3space sphere has a 2space (2 dimensional) or planar surface that encloses a 3space (3 dimensional) volume.
The layers within the 5space sphere also have curved 4space surfaces or interfaces.
The yellow layer is a 5space fluid that is intruding between two others. The region at which the intruder separates the other two and where all layers meet is a volume or 3space.
The intruder rubs against the other two layers and creates shear which is expressed as an extremely fine texture of vortices. This is the primary field, an ocean of energy similar to the Higgs field in our universe.
These vortices create and follow wakes of distortion or torque at the interfaces between the intruder and the other two layers.
The shear vortices and their wakes are the ingredients that make up vastly larger objects and fields much in the way that grains of sand and cement make up the foundations of a building.
These large objects and fields mimic the particles and fields in our universe
The paradigm suggests some solutions to apparent problems of today’s physical theories.
It suggests a variable rate of expansion of the quasi universe and provides a source for its dark energy. It goes further in that it links dark energy, gravitation and universal expansion together.
It provides a structure for a three or four quark system that does not need fractional charge. Debris from collisions would imply the three 5D partitions created by the intrusion of Daleth and should be similar to the debris that implies the three quark model in our universe. Quasi universe allows the Daleth partition to have zero charge because it may contain two matter swarms of opposing charges and intrinsic spin.
These extra swarms may behave like our “sea quarks”.
The properties of photonic and matter swarms allow us to easily visualize these objects as “particle waves”.
There are no conflicts here. And it is easy to visualize shear vortices as the currency for the
conversion of matter to energy and vice versa. Their fluidity as swarms requires that their interactions to be described in terms of probabilities, complex interference and quasi quantum states
What follows below is rational for this scenario.
I am not under the illusion that I have everything right. These are simply suggestion as to how one might approach the paradigm.
The paper will be updated as I reevaluate some of the concepts

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[12] **viXra:1411.0144 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-14 16:46:08*

**Authors:** Casper Spanggaard

**Comments:** 4 Pages. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

A definition of G is derived using the product of two Planck point masses and a definition of hbar based on the speed of light in vacuum and geometry. The theoretical value of G is found to be 6.74981057667161 x 10^-11 m^3 kg^-1 s^-2 yielding a relative accuracy error of the CODATA 2010 G-value of -1.1255%. One experiment resulted in a value with a smaller relative accuracy error than the CODATA 2010 G-value of -0.5098%. Both rest and relativistic mass product equations are derived. These equations relate the relative spacetime spin frequency w_s, the relative orbital frequency w_o and (relativistic equation only) the Lorentz factor y describing relative linear speed of two bodies to the mass product. The Planck mass is a special case mass with w_sw_o = w_planck^2 = 1 s^-2. The theoretical value of the Planck mass was found to be 2.16039211144077 x 10^-8 kg. The relative accuracy error of the CODATA 2010 Planck mass value is 0.7461%. This error is attributed to use of the different definition of hbar. When derived from both hbar and G constants as well as the rest mass product equation, three kilogram unit definition candidates are all inconsistent. The candidate derived from the rest mass product equation is the only candidate that has equal second and meter exponents suggesting a kind of symmetry. This definition is considered the nominal kilogram unit definition. The other two candidates are considered to be artifacts of the hbar and G constants.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[11] **viXra:1411.0106 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-13 09:10:25*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27]
This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[10] **viXra:1411.0096 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-11 23:08:51*

**Authors:** Edwin Eugene Klingman

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

In "Quantum Spin and Local Reality" (QSLR) I show that Bell suppressed key physical phenomena to arrive at his inequality. As a result Bell's conclusions are incorrect — his model fails to match reality. Bell's defense is based on quantum mechanical eigenvalue equations with reference to Dirac. I briefly review some issues in the history of spin, and analyze the non-relativistic Stern-Gerlach eigenvalue equation and the relativistic Dirac equation, and show their relevance to Bell.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[9] **viXra:1411.0081 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-10 06:07:56*

**Authors:** Peter A Jackson, John S Minkowski.

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

'Quantum state reduction' (QSR) has no classical logic, and the Einstein-Podolski-Rosen (EPR) paradox remains unresolved. Many assume no classical explanation is possible. John Bell disagreed despite his 'theorem' and 'inequalities' (J Bell. 1987).i We identify an ontological construction and describe a classical mechanism (CM) predicting experimental data as Bell anticipated by employing different assumptions and a physical analogy of 'superposed' states. Electron spin-flip (reversing polarity and/or spin state) is found to reverse the local, not the distant, detector finding, suggesting that an assumption employed in 'weak measurement' analysis is false. Quantum spin is modelled as the small scale ('hyperfine') angular momentum of orbiting charges, each also rotating. The classical mechanism produces a violation of the Bell inequality from a cosine intermediate angular surface velocity distribution at each recursive scale of orbital angular momentum (OAM) diameter. The 'probability' of triggering one or the other detector emerges from the angular momentum exchanged on ('measurement') interaction. Standard quantum electro-dynamic (QED) provisions for field phase distribution square the amplitude to give Malus's Law and reproduce the predictions of quantum mechanics (QM). Uncertainty reduces to higher orders. Modified 'quasi-classical' definitions are offered for familiar QM concepts and terms.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[8] **viXra:1411.0080 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-10 02:32:47*

**Authors:** Omer Zvi Dickstein

**Comments:** 1 Page. Correction to paper 11411.0078v1

Correction to paper 11411.0078v1
The quantum eraser section in that paper is wrong and must be disreguarded.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[7] **viXra:1411.0078 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-09 11:32:07*

**Authors:** Omer Zvi Dickstein

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

Superluminal communication is considered impossible by most physicists. However this statement must be examined over and over. This paper offers an experiment that attempts to examine this statement.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[6] **viXra:1411.0063 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-07 12:26:07*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

This article applies a simplified calculation of effect Unruh based on the nature of the quantum oscillation of the vacuum. To obtain the formula for the temperature Unruh used the concept of energy level transitions of the quantum oscillator under the influence of inertial and gravitational fields

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[5] **viXra:1411.0046 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-06-02 07:05:26*

**Authors:** Ilija Barukčić

**Comments:** 10 Pages. (C) Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany, 2014. STAND: 120. PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, 4 (2016) 686-696. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jamp.2016.44079

The principle of causality occupies an important place in the history of the philosophical interpretation of quantum mechanics from the beginning. In last consequence, today’s Copenhagen dominated acausal interpretation of quantum mechanics casts doubt upon traditional views in the philosophy of nature and demands the revision of the principle of causality at a fundamental level of theoretical description in physics. Testing the mathematical and logical consistency of the quantum mechanical description of nature i. e. especially such as non-locality has become a subject of an ongoing dispute and research.
Today, quantum-mechanical concepts i. e. such as non-locality refer to some mathematical foundations, especially to Bell's inequality and the CHSH inequality. Experimental data, analyzed by the help of Bell’s inequality or the CHSH inequality favor a quantum mechanical description of nature, over local hidden variable theories (often referred to as local realism). In general, the use of mathematically inconsistent methods can imply a waste of money, time and effort on this account. Under some certain conditions (the assumption of independence) Bell's theorem and the CHSH inequality are already refuted. The purpose of this publication is explore the terra incognita, the interior logic that may lie beyond Bell's original theorem and the CHSH-inequality and to refute both, Bell's original theorem and the CHSH-inequality under any circumstances by the proof that we can derive a logical contradiction out of Bell's inequalities. Thus far, accept Bell's theorem or the CHSH-inequality as correct, then you must accept too that +0 = +1, which is a logical contradiction. Bell's theorem and the CHSH-inequality are refuted in general. In this insight, it appears to be necessary to revisit the very foundations of quantum theory and of physics as such.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[4] **viXra:1411.0045 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-06 11:28:59*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

In research published Dec. 19 in Science Express, the team reported the most precise measurement to date of the electron's shape, improving it by a factor of more than 10 and showing the particle to be rounder than predicted by some extensions of the Standard Model, including some versions of Supersymmetry. This theory posits new types of particles that help account, for example, for dark matter, a mysterious substance estimated to make up most of the universe. [5]
Electrons are elementary particles — indivisible, unbreakable. But new research suggests the electron's quantum state — the electron wave function — can be separated into many parts. That has some strange implications for the theory of quantum mechanics.
Experiments led by Humphrey Maris, professor of physics at Brown, suggest that the quantum state of an electron — the electron’s wave function — can be shattered into pieces and those pieces can be trapped in tiny bubbles of liquid helium. To be clear, the researchers are not saying that the electron can be broken apart. Electrons are elementary particles, indivisible and unbreakable. But what the researchers are saying is in some ways more bizarre. [4]
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[3] **viXra:1411.0034 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-11-05 03:55:26*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Electrons are elementary particles — indivisible, unbreakable. But new research suggests the electron's quantum state — the electron wave function — can be separated into many parts. That has some strange implications for the theory of quantum mechanics. Experiments led by Humphrey Maris, professor of physics at Brown, suggest that the quantum state of an electron — the electron’s wave function — can be shattered into pieces and those pieces can be trapped in tiny bubbles of liquid helium. To be clear, the researchers are not saying that the electron can be broken apart. Electrons are elementary particles, indivisible and unbreakable. But what the researchers are saying is in some ways more bizarre. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[2] **viXra:1411.0025 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-03 15:23:57*

**Authors:** Casper Spanggaard

**Comments:** 3 Pages. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

A deeper understanding of why the reduced Planck constant and Planck constant ("Planck constants") have the values they have as determined by experiments is developed. New definitions of the Planck constants are arrived at using the speed of light in vacuum and geometric considerations. The kilogram SI base unit is found to be derived from the SI base units second and meter. The values of the Planck constants determined by experiments and published by CODATA (2010) are found to both have a relative accuracy error of 0.3552%. A new kilogram definition is proposed and it is argued that since the kilogram will then be a derived SI unit, the kilogram should not be considered an SI base unit anymore.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[1] **viXra:1411.0017 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-11-03 11:19:39*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

A new way of thinking about consciousness is sweeping through science like wildfire. Now physicists are using it to formulate the problem of consciousness in concrete mathematical terms for the first time.
Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness.
The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.

**Category:** Quantum Physics