[26] **viXra:1509.0290 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-11-10 07:10:11*

**Authors:** Johan Noldus

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

We point out that there is no obvious contradiction between the results of quantum mechanics and consequences of general relativity

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[25] **viXra:1509.0288 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-29 21:42:47*

**Authors:** Vedat Tanriverdi

**Comments:** 6 pages, classical electron radius, spin, quantum mechanics

Some simple models about classical electron radius and spin are considered.
These simple models are considered for a better understanding spin and its relation with other electron properties, i.e. charge, inertia, energy.
These models have different inconsistencies with current theories, however they are still helpful for understanding.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[24] **viXra:1509.0284 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-29 13:58:36*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

In this paper I derive the invariance of the product: relativistic mass times relativistic length.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[23] **viXra:1509.0283 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-29 14:00:50*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A. Frino

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to derive the formula for the momentum of a body (or particle) as a
function of its “contracted” length. The paper also shows that the Fitzgerald-Lorentz contraction is a real effect, and therefore, not an illusion.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[22] **viXra:1509.0270 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-28 09:46:23*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

For a very long time mankind has questioned what consciousness is – whether our ability to think, our free will, is tied directly to our soul or if it’s a component of the complexity of our brains? [8]
Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness.
The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[21] **viXra:1509.0233 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-26 03:42:57*

**Authors:** Isaac Deronic

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Recently it was proposed that quantum mechanics, if applied to macroscopic systems, would necessarily include a form of fortune telling or psychic phenomena. In this article, this claim is presented using formal quantum mechanics methods, and the results are analysed and found to be possible.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[20] **viXra:1509.0232 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-25 09:59:10*

**Authors:** Steve Faulkner

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

The homogeneity symmetry is re-examined and shown to be non-unitary. This is motivated by the prospect that logical independence in elementary algebra, entering quantum mathematics, will constitute the basis for a theory explaining quantum randomness.
Keywords: foundations of quantum theory, quantum physics, quantum mechanics, wave mechanics, Canonical Commutation Relation, symmetry, homogeneity of space, unitary, non-unitary, unitarity, mathematical logic, formal system, elementary algebra, information, axioms, mathematical propositions, logical independence, quantum indeterminacy, quantum randomness.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[19] **viXra:1509.0230 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-25 10:57:33*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

Schrodinger's thought experiment to prepare a cat in a superposition of both alive and dead states reveals profound consequences of quantum mechanics and has attracted enormous interests. Here we propose a straightforward method to create quantum superposition states of a living microorganism by putting a small bacterium on top of an electromechanical oscillator. [11]
For the first time, physicists have achieved interference between two separate atoms: when sent towards the opposite sides of a semi-transparent mirror, the two atoms always emerge together. This type of experiment, which was carried out with photons around thirty years ago, had so far been impossible to perform with matter, due to the extreme difficulty of creating and manipulating pairs of indistinguishable atoms. [10]
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[18] **viXra:1509.0225 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-09-25 12:05:10*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** 2 Pages. Replaced , since I accidentally picked the wrong file. This is the one to use. My apologies.

Brief synopsis of a quantum effect, for the Rencontres Du Vietnam (hot topics in Gravitation) conference, in Quy Nohn as of August 2016. Outlines what may be relevant quantum conditions for a minimum value of a graviton (heavy Gravitons), as opposed to the situation where Goldbauer and other researchers only talk about the top allowed maximum mass of a heavy graviton

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[17] **viXra:1509.0205 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-22 05:14:05*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

The irrationality of how we think has long plagued psychology. When someone asks us how we are, we usually respond with "fine" or "good." But if someone followed up about a specific event — "How did you feel about the big meeting with your boss today?" — suddenly, we refine our "good" or "fine" responses on a spectrum from awful to excellent. [8]
A new trend taking shape in psychological science not only uses quantum physics to explain humans' (sometimes) paradoxical thinking, but may also help researchers resolve certain contradictions among the results of previous psychological studies. According to Zheng Joyce Wang and others who try to model our decision-making processes mathematically, the equations and axioms that most closely match human behavior may be ones that are rooted in quantum physics. [7]
The hypothesis that there may be something quantum-like about the human mental function was put forward with “Spooky Activation at Distance” formula which attempted to model the effect that when a word’s associative network is activated during study in memory experiment; it behaves like a quantum-entangled system. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[16] **viXra:1509.0203 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-09-27 12:51:06*

**Authors:** Jiri Soucek

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this note we shall show the relation between the locality of Quantum Mechanics and the meaning of the quantum state.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[15] **viXra:1509.0197 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-10-09 08:57:42*

**Authors:** Steve Faulkner

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Abstract As opposed to the classical logic of true and false, when elementary algebra is treated as a formal axiomatised system, formulae in that algebra are either provable, disprovable or otherwise, logically independent of axioms. This logical independence is well-known to Mathematical Logic. The intention here is to cover the subject in a way accessible to physicists. This work is part of a project researching logical independence in quantum mathematics, for the purpose of advancing a complete theory of quantum randomness.**Keywords** mathematical logic, formal system, axioms, mathematical propositions, Soundness Theorem, Completeness Theorem, logical independence, mathematical undecidability, foundations of quantum theory, quantum mechanics, quantum physics, quantum indeterminacy, quantum randomness.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[14] **viXra:1509.0158 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-18 07:13:06*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

A team of researchers with members from several countries in Europe has used a type of X-ray diffraction to reveal defects in the way a superconductor develops. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the team describes the technique they used to study one type of superconductor and what they saw. Erica Carlson with Perdue University offers a News & Views piece on the work done by the team in the same journal issue. [26]
This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[13] **viXra:1509.0149 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-17 11:22:46*

**Authors:** Michael A. Sherbon

**Comments:** 12 Pages. International Journal of Physical Research 2, 1, 1-9 (2014). CC 3.0

Arnold Sommerfeld introduced the fine-structure constant that determines the strength of the electromagnetic interaction. Following Sommerfeld, Wolfgang Pauli left several clues to calculating the fine-structure constant with his research on Johannes Kepler's view of nature and Pythagorean geometry. The Laplace limit of Kepler's equation in classical mechanics, the Bohr-Sommerfeld model of the hydrogen atom and Julian Schwinger's research enable a calculation of the electron magnetic moment anomaly. Considerations of fundamental lengths such as the charge radius of the proton and mass ratios suggest some further foundational interpretations of quantum electrodynamics.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[12] **viXra:1509.0141 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-17 01:31:49*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

An international team led by Radboud University physicists has discovered that reversing the poles of magnets must be possible without a heating or a magnetic field.. A strong pulse of light can have a direct effect on the strong quantum mechanical 'exchange interaction', therefore changing the magnetism. [9]
Magnetic waves are known as solitons—for solitary waves—and were theorized to occur in magnets in the 1970s. They form because of a delicate balance of magnetic forces—much like water waves can form a tsunami. Now physicists have used a specialized x-ray method to take pictures of them. [8]
This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[11] **viXra:1509.0139 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-16 08:17:25*

**Authors:** Koji Nagata, Tadao Nakamura

**Comments:** Physics Journal, Volume 1, Issue 3 (2015), Page 183--188.

We use the validity of Addition and Multiplication for a hidden variables theory. First, we provide an example that the two operations Addition and Multiplication do not commute with each other as revealed by the analyses that are performed in a finite set of numbers. Our discussion leads to an initial conclusion that Sum rule and Product rule do not commute with each other in a hidden variables theory. If we accept this conclusion, we do not get the Bell- Kochen -Specker paradox. In more detail, quantum mechanics may accept the hidden variables theory. Next, we discuss the validity of operators under an assumption that Sum rule and Product rule commute with each other. In this case, we indeed get the Bell- Kochen -Specker paradox. We got the non-classicality of macroscopic experimental data observed in the Stern-Gerlach experiment and the double-slit experiment. If we detect |↑> and then we detect |↓>, the experiments cannot accept the hidden variables theory. We considered whether we can assign the predetermined “hidden” result to numbers 1 and -1 as in results of measurements with the number of measurements finite (e.g., twice) in the experiments. It turned out that we cannot assign the predetermined hidden result to such results of measurements. The next conclusion indicates interestingly that the Stern-Gerlach experiment cannot accept classical mechanics. The double-slit experiment had led to the same situation, and they were indeed quantum mechanical phenomena.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[10] **viXra:1509.0134 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-15 13:44:09*

**Authors:** Fran De Aquino

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

The possibility of obtention of quantum vacuum in laboratory is shown in this work. The method consists in ward off air atoms from the surface of a solid material plate. The clearance can reach up to several nanometers, thus producing a region where there are no elementary particles.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[9] **viXra:1509.0130 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-15 09:28:19*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

A new trend taking shape in psychological science not only uses quantum physics to explain humans' (sometimes) paradoxical thinking, but may also help researchers resolve certain contradictions among the results of previous psychological studies. According to Zheng Joyce Wang and others who try to model our decision-making processes mathematically, the equations and axioms that most closely match human behavior may be ones that are rooted in quantum physics. [7]
The hypothesis that there may be something quantum-like about the human mental function was put forward with “Spooky Activation at Distance” formula which attempted to model the effect that when a word’s associative network is activated during study in memory experiment; it behaves like a quantum-entangled system. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[8] **viXra:1509.0114 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-11 10:08:55*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

An international team of researchers, including the MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology at the University of Twente in The Netherlands and the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, announced today in Science the observation of a dynamic Mott transition in a superconductor. [26]
This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[7] **viXra:1509.0107 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-10 11:57:07*

**Authors:** John C. Hodge

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model of single photon diffraction is a model with photons being directed by plenum forces along their trajectory (http://intellectualarchive.com/ ?link=item\&id=1557). By setting initial conditions in a simulation, predictions of screen patterns can be made. Changing the altitude produces a change in the width of the pattern. Using a pattern resulting from a single slit, a second mask can examine the result of varying the intensity of the illumination across the slit and of only one of the double slits being illuminated. The resultant patterns on a screen were photographed and are on the opposite side of center from the illuminated side of the second mask. The STOE is consistent and all other models of diffraction are inconsistent with these results.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[6] **viXra:1509.0081 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-07 08:51:30*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons. [10]
Optical photons would be ideal carriers to transfer quantum information over large distances. Researchers envisage a network where information is processed in certain nodes and transferred between them via photons. [9]
While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information.
In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[5] **viXra:1509.0080 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-09-24 16:53:06*

**Authors:** Herbert Weidner

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

After discussing various examples, the diameter of a single photon is calculated by combining the formulas of quantum mechanics and wave theory. The experimentally known coherence length is the length of the photon.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[4] **viXra:1509.0079 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-06 14:57:39*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Since the 1930s scientists have been searching for particles that are simultaneously matter and antimatter. Now physicists have found strong evidence for one such entity inside a superconducting material. The discovery could represent the first so-called Majorana particle, and may help researchers encode information for quantum computers.[27]
This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[3] **viXra:1509.0049 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-09-18 19:00:21*

**Authors:** Shinsuke Hamaji

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

My previous research involved representing energies (gravitational mass, inertial mass, and Planck’s constant) of different particle speeds as an equivalence for quantum (Mc = ΔmΔw = hf/c). In addition, E = Mc2 (kinetic energy is changed to mass) does not indicate that the total energy change is always proportional to particle speed. Therefore, “energy representation of a mathematical action,” and “energy change of a physical interaction” are not similar.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[2] **viXra:1509.0045 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-09-14 18:01:49*

**Authors:** Rodolfo A.Frino

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The quantum gravitational formula for the mass of the electron suggests the existence of a super light particle yet to be observed. However, it is not clear whether this particle is an electrino, a new type of neutrino, a neutralino (a neutral particle that is neither a neutrino nor a darkino) or a darkino (a neutral particle “responsible” for the mysterious dark matter contents of the Universe).
The formula also suggests four possible values for the rest mass of this super light particle.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[1] **viXra:1509.0033 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-09-02 11:33:32*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

The one thing everyone knows about quantum mechanics is its legendary weirdness, in which the basic tenets of the world it describes seem alien to the world we live in. Superposition, where things can be in two states simultaneously, a switch both on and off, a cat both dead and alive. Or entanglement, what Einstein called "spooky action-at-distance" in which objects are invisibly linked, even when separated by huge distances. [7]
While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer.
The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories.
The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer.

**Category:** Quantum Physics