[5] **viXra:1006.0057 [pdf]**
*submitted on 24 Jun 2010*

**Authors:** François Barriquand

**Comments:** 20 pages, The present article is going to be submitted to the
"Revue des Questions Scientifiques"

Three articles published by the same author in the Revue des Questions Scientifiques in 2005
and 2006 are reexamined with special attention paid to a theorem published by Allahverdyan
and Nieuwenhuizen in 2002 concerning Thomson's formulation of the second law, as well as
to the results of the so-called "before-before" experiment performed on entangled pairs by
Stefanov, Zbinden, Gisin and Suarez. As far as thermodynamics are concerned, it is explained
here that a macroscopic observer can generate quasi "cycles", whose cyclical characteristics
are in fact only valid from the macroscopic point of view, that can potentially enable her/him
to retrieve work from a thermalizer without causing any perpetual motion. Concerning
quantum entanglement, it is recognized - in contrast with what the author originally published
in 2005 and 2006 - that superluminal transmission of decipherable information cannot be
achieved if the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum theory remains universally valid. It is
also pointed out that the foundations of general relativity cannot be easily reconciled with the
implications of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen measurements.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[4] **viXra:1006.0056 [pdf]**
*submitted on 23 Jun 2010*

**Authors:** V.A.Induchoodan Menon

**Comments:** 14 pages

The author after clarifying the physical implications of the imaginary time
approach and the reversible real time approach goes on to explain how they
differ from the progressive time which is experienced by all macroscopic
systems [1]. He proposes that the progressive nature of time is a direct result of
the increase in the entropy at the level of the structure of the elementary
particles. According to him just as the vacuum fluctuations confine the photino
(single luminal wave) to form a staphon (standing wave) which is the basic
structure of a particle, a small part of the energy gets converted into heat which
gets expressed in the jiggling motion of the particle. It is proposed that this
random motion arising from the absorption of the vacuum energy contributes to
infinitesimal increase in the internal heat of the particle which results in the
increase in entropy right at the level of the elementary particle. He calls the
process by which the particles absorb energy from vacuum "the vean process".
He proposes that this increase in entropy at the level of the elementary particles
results in time acquiring the progressive nature. With this interpretation of the
progressive nature of time, the problem of the collapse of wave function gets
resolved without invoking the presence of a conscious observer. Even the
process of entanglement appears to have space-time limitations. He suggests that
the existence of gravitational field and the expansion of the universe also may be
traced to this vean process.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[3] **viXra:1006.0043 [pdf]**
*submitted on 17 Jun 2010*

**Authors:** Vladislav Konovalov

**Comments:**
2 pages.

Wave, formal-mathematical and corpuscular description of the world

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[2] **viXra:1006.0019 [pdf]**
*replaced on 17 Dec 2010*

**Authors:** Saurav Dwivedi

**Comments:** 5 pages

Quantum theory is a probabilistic theory, where certain variables are hidden or non-accessible.
It results in lack of representation of systems under study. However, I deduce system's
representation in probabilistic manner, introducing probability of existence w, and quantize it exploiting
Schrödinger's quantization rule. The formalism enriches probabilistic quantum theory, and
enables systems's representation in probabilistic manner.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[1] **viXra:1006.0018 [pdf]**
*submitted on 10 Jun 2010*

**Authors:** V.A.Induchoodan Menon

**Comments:** 11 pages

The author shows that that for each quantum mechanical property
of a micro-system there is a corresponding thermodynamic one in the
primary gas. He further shows that the basic postulates of quantum
mechanics have equivalents in the primary gas approach based on
statistical mechanics provided time is accorded directional symmetry.
He shows that the interference pattern obtained in Young's double slit
experiment could be explained in terms of the primary gas approach
using the directional symmetry of time.

**Category:** Quantum Physics