[5] **viXra:1207.0063 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-07-17 14:18:43*

**Authors:** A.W. Beckwith

**Comments:** 10 pages, puts in reference to July 2012 Physics today article about difference between Frequentist analysis and Bayesian statistics.

Recently, the author read the Alicki-Van Ryn test as to behavior of photons in a test of violations of classicality. The same thing is propoosed via use of a spin two graviton, using typical spin 2 matrices. While the technology currently does not exist to perform such an analysis yet, the same sort of thought experiment is proposed in a way to allow for a first principle test of the either classical or quantum foundations of gravity. The reason for the present manuscript topic is due to a specific argument presented in a prior document as to how Planck's constant is formed from semiclassical reasoning. We referred to a procedure as to how to use Maxwell’s equations involving a closed boundary regime, in the boundary regime between Octonionic Geometry and quantum flat space. Conceivably, a similar argument could be made for gravitons, pending further investigations. Also the anlysis of if gravitons are constructed by a similar semiclassical argument is pending if gravitons as by the Alicki-Van Ryn test result in semiclassical A and B matrix observable eigenvalue behavior. This paper also indirectly raises the question of if Baysian statistics would be the optimal way to differentiate between A and B matrix observable eigenvalue behavior for reasons brought up in the conclusion.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[4] **viXra:1207.0050 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-07-13 05:02:51*

**Authors:** A Khrennikov, E E Rosinger, A van Zyl

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

We consider a non-negative integer valued grading function on tensor products which aims to measure the extent of
entanglement. This grading, unlike most of the other measures of entanglement, is defined exclusively in terms of the
tensor product. It gives a possibility to approach the notion of entanglement in a more refined manner, as the
non-entangled elements are those of grade zero or one, while the rest of elements with grade at least two are entangled,
and the higher its grade, the more entangled an element of the tensor product is. The problem of computing and reducing
the grade is studied in products of arbitrary vector spaces over arbitrary fields.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[3] **viXra:1207.0037 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2012-07-11 03:11:19*

**Authors:** Leonardo Ruiz González

**Comments:** 33 Pages.

The empirical violation of Bell’s inequality shows that the relativistic speed limit is incompatible with the quantum entanglement. ‘Proper Present Interpretation’ shows a local relativistic theory without using hidden variables that is consistent with quantum entanglement. The method used is a change of present. For every observer, his present in each moment is the universe he observes. It involves a change of coordinates. It is explained quantum problems related to quantum entanglement such as Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen paradox, ‘Schr¨odinger’s cat’ and the Young’s double-slit experiment. Are obtained simpler equations for the relativistic transformations of physical magnitudes by using the same transformation in all cases. With this new concept, quantum and relativistic mathematics keep being both valid and stop being mutually exclusive in relation to the concept of locality. The results suggest a relational space-time reality.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[2] **viXra:1207.0021 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2013-03-08 13:00:18*

**Authors:** M. Salem

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

A new method for understanding the speed limits of matter is presented. This method introduces new expressions for the relativistic mass, energy, kinetic energy, and momentum of simple particle. The new expressions are, speculatively, derived from the Special Relativity equations using a new mass (or energy) concept and the laws of conservation of mass, energy, and momentum. The new mass (or energy) concept suggests that all composite particles (hadrons and leptons) are, essentially, composed of simple particles that could have positive or negative relativistic mass/energy (depends on its speed). Accordingly, it is shown that simple particle (and, therefore, matter) can travel faster than light. Also, new expressions for the relativistic force acting on a simple particle and the relativistic radius (or diameter) of the composite particle are included. Basically, the proposed method is a new try towards understanding the speed limits and deep behavior of matter.

**Category:** Quantum Physics

[1] **viXra:1207.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2012-07-02 00:32:20*

**Authors:** Rodney Bartlett

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

Today’s hard drives require about a million atoms to store one bit. Nanotechnology is testing methods to store an electronic 1 or 0 using a cluster of 12 iron atoms or a molecule created from two uranium atoms. These paragraphs go way beyond present technology. The first step suggests technology of the extremely distant future will manipulate quarks to store 3 bytes in a single helium atom. The second step suggests helium is united with atoms of iron, uranium, etc. via wave-particle duality and has a potential information content, thanks to cosmic wormholes, equal to the universe's (here, that data content is limited to the observable universe's and estimated as 3x10 exponent 80 bytes). Since there were originally 8 bits in a byte, an alternative way of viewing a helium atom would be to regard it as being composed of eight times 3 times 10 exp. 80 bits or BInary digiTS (again underestimating the true data content since this value is based on the observable universe, and I believe the universe is actually infinite).

**Category:** Quantum Physics