Quantum Physics

1711 Submissions

[20] viXra:1711.0479 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-30 10:42:15

Superconducting Qubits 3-D Integration

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 13 Pages.

Researchers from Google and the University of California Santa Barbara have taken an important step towards the goal of building a large-scale quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits—circuits that have zero electrical resistance—can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[19] viXra:1711.0471 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-30 02:12:34

Aharonov Bohm Effect and the Period of Electric Current Oscillation

Authors: Daehyeon KANG
Comments: 6 Pages.

Recently, in the measurement of the current of the quantum interference device made of metal in the normal state, the current value oscillates according to the intensity of the magnetic field, and there is a period, and the numerical value is (hc/2e). In this paper, we show theoretically why the period is (hc/2e) without charge pair.
Category: Quantum Physics

[18] viXra:1711.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-27 16:42:40

The Fifth Force

Authors: Alexandre
Comments: 59 Pages. This version is work under way.

A fifth force, the Cohesion Force, becomes necessary when building a toy universe based on a fully deterministic, Euclidean, 4-torus cellular automaton using a constructive approach. Each cell contains one integer number forming bubble-like patterns propagating at speeds at least equal to that of light, interacting and being reemitted constantly. The collective behavior of these integers looks like patterns of classical and quantum physics. The four forces of nature plus the new one are unified. In particular, the graviton fits nicely in this framework. Although essentially nonlocal, it preserves the no-signalling principle. This flexible model predicts three results: i) if an electron is left completely alone (if even possible), still continues to emit low frequency fundamental photons; ii) neutrinos are Majorana fermions; and, last but not least, iii) gravity is not quantized. Pseudocode first version implementing these ideas is contained in the appendix.
Category: Quantum Physics

[17] viXra:1711.0434 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-30 02:19:06

Bell's Theorem Refuted Mathematically: du Sautoy Cannot be Right.

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 5 Pages.

Here begins a precautionary tale from a creative life in STEM. Bringing an elementary knowledge of vectors to Bell (1964)—en route to refuting Bell's inequality and his theorem—we aim to help STEM students study one of the strangest double-errors in the history of science. To that end we question Marcus du Sautoy's claim that Bell's theorem is as mathematically robust as they come.
Category: Quantum Physics

[16] viXra:1711.0421 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-28 22:07:18

Electron & Positron Model Wave Function and Field Calculation Code

Authors: Declan Traill
Comments: 5 Pages.

This is a portion of the model I wrote to model the Electron/Positron and their associated fields; such as Electric, Magnetic, Vector Potential fields. It is written in the Delphi language and is the function that calculates the fields from the mathematical wave function.
Category: Quantum Physics

[15] viXra:1711.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-19 06:12:38

Real-Valued Dirac Equation and Three-Dimensional Differentiable Structures of Quantum Particles

Authors: Vu B Ho
Comments: 16 Pages.

Having shown in our previous works that the real-valued Schrödinger wave equation can be used to find mathematical functions to construct spacetime structures of quantum particles, in this work, we will discuss the possibility to formulate a real-valued Dirac equation in which all physical objects and all differential operators that are used to describe the dynamics of a particle are real quantities and, furthermore, since solutions to the Dirac equation are wavefunctions that have four components, it is possible to suggest that solutions to the real-valued Dirac equation should be interpreted as a parameterisation of 3-dimensional differentiable manifolds which are embedded submanifolds of the Euclidean space R^4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[14] viXra:1711.0340 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-26 12:30:18

Spinning Electrons as Physics Fantasy

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 10 Pages. Version 1 presents the wrong expression ‘angular moment’ in stead of ‘angular momentum’, now used in version 2.

Otto Stern and Walter Gerlach demonstrated in 1922 experimentally the “existence of space quantization in a magnetic field”, using their own words. The result of this experiment is later on used to introduce the so-called intrinsic spin angular momentum of elementary and other particles. This article describes what went wrong in the applied argumentation. In 1896 Zeeman and Lorentz showed experimentally and theoretically that atoms emit ‘shifted’ frequencies when exposed to an external magnetic field. This phenomenon has been used to demonstrate the existence of spinning electrons. However, it is shown that this demonstration is not convincing at all.
Category: Quantum Physics

[13] viXra:1711.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-14 11:11:27

A Equação Guedes-Schroedinger: Uma Teoria Quântica-Relativística Para O Átomo Com um Núcleo e um Elétron

Authors: Edigles Guedes
Comments: 12 Pages.

Nós ampliamos a apresentação da teoria proposta no artigo precedente [1], a fim de que nossa concepção alcançasse um público mais amplo.
Category: Quantum Physics

[12] viXra:1711.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-10 21:33:15

On the EPR Paradox and Dirac Equation in Euclidean Relativity

Authors: Vu B Ho
Comments: 19 Pages.

Recent experimental results have shown a violation of Bell’s inequalities, which are a mathematical formulation of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) paradox. The violation leads to the conclusion that there are no local hidden variable theories that underlie quantum mechanics. However, the Bell’s inequalities do not rule out the possibility to construct non-local hidden variable theories that comply with quantum mechanics, in particular, a theory of special and general relativity that permits an instantaneous transmission of interaction. In this work we show that a special relativity with a Euclidean metric that allows not only local interactions but also interactions that can be transmitted instantaneously can be constructed and, furthermore, such special relativity can also be generalised to formulate a general theory of relativity that leads to the same experimental results as Einstein theory of general relativity. We also show that it is possible to formulate Dirac-like relativistic wave equations in this Euclidean relativity with either real mass or imaginary mass, which suggests that the proper mass of a quantum particle may be defined in terms of a differential operator that is associated with a spacetime substructure of the particle.
Category: Quantum Physics

[11] viXra:1711.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-10 08:37:13

Explanation of Gravitation

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 4 Pages. This document is part of the Hilbert Book Model project

This explanation of gravitation supports the idea that basic discrete objects are excitations of a field. The massive basic discrete objects are spherical shock fronts that carry a standard bit of mass.
Category: Quantum Physics

[10] viXra:1711.0244 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-23 22:39:18

Bell's Theorem Refuted for Stem Students

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: Pages.

Here begins a precautionary tale from a creative life in STEM. Bringing an elementary knowledge of vectors to Bell (1964)—en route to refuting Bell’s inequality and his theorem—we aim to help STEM students study one of the strangest double-errors in the history of science. To that end we question du Sautoy’s (2016) claim that Bell’s theorem is as mathematically robust as they come.
Category: Quantum Physics

[9] viXra:1711.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-05 13:51:59

Understanding the Path-Entangled Communications Device

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 27 Pages. Also available as video: http://webspace.qmul.ac.uk/rocornwall/QSE_video.htm

This slide/show animation (also available as video: http://webspace.qmul.ac.uk/rocornwall/QSE_video.htm) is meant to explain some of the concepts people find confusing about the entangled communications device and various interpretations of quantum mechanics. We find the wavefunction and its collapse to be very real phenomenon.
Category: Quantum Physics

[8] viXra:1711.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-05 15:39:38

Singlet, Spin and Clock

Authors: Han Geurdes
Comments: 3 Pages.

A simple explanation is given for the continuation of the singlet state over large distances in an EPRBA experiment. The paper answers this question with clocks ticking in synchronized frequencies that can be carried by the particles.
Category: Quantum Physics

[7] viXra:1711.0141 [pdf] replaced on 2018-02-14 08:58:42

Limitation on Effective Degree of Quantum Parallelism

Authors: Masataka Ohta
Comments: 4 Pages.

Consider a binary quantum channel with binary states |0> and |1> as an output channel of some quantum computation device and assume that, if the channel is used as a classical binary channel where |0> and |1> represent bit values of 0 and 1, respectively, the channel has small error probability of p. Then, |0> transmitted over the channel will typically be sqrt(1-p)|0> + exp(i*theta)|1> (0 ≤ theta < 2*pi). That is, error of the channel makes|0> and sqrt(1-p)|0> + exp(i*theta)|1> indistinguishable, which means different results of parallel execution of the device can’t be represented by |0> and sqrt(1-p)|0> + exp(i*theta)|1>. As representing N parallel binary results needs 2^N distinguishable states, effective degree of quantum parallelism of the device, which is defined as degree of parallelism of binary results with arbitrary small error probability by ideal encoding and ideal error correction, is limited by log2(π/2*sqrt(p) + 1). That is, in practice, quantum computers are only as powerful as classical ones. Then, a brief introduction on modern communication technology over photons is provided to show that capacity of a binary quantum channel is almost twice better than quantum physicists had thought, that a classical state representing an entangled state exists and that“qubit”is a bad idea. Finally, it is shown that, without error caused by noise, ideal classical computers can be arbitrary fast.
Category: Quantum Physics

[6] viXra:1711.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-04 22:14:49


Authors: Irene Galtung
Comments: 53 pages

Science is mathematics. What is mathematics? Science seeks to uncover truths. “Science” is based on factually incorrect “mathematics”. “Science” is false. “Science” is factually incorrect. “Mathematics” is factually incorrect. Science is factually correct. Mathematics is factually correct. Let's look at: quantum mechanics -- the Standard Model of particle physics -- special theory of relativity and general theory of relativity -- Newton’s “science” -- Archimedes’ “science” -- etc.
Category: Quantum Physics

[5] viXra:1711.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-04 22:27:17

Proof of Magnetic Flux Quantization by Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Daehyeon KANG
Comments: 5 Pages.

At present, By the requirement that the phase factor of the wave function has unity, Quantum values of magnetic flux are calculated, which seems to lack quantum logic. Thus, in this paper, we apply the quantum mechanics logic strictly to this problem,The unit value is derived and the result is (hc/2e). It is exactly the same as that obtained by Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction and classical quantum theory.
Category: Quantum Physics

[4] viXra:1711.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-04 05:47:27

Gravity or Quantum of Action for each Boson

Authors: Vladimir Aksayskiy
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper presents estimations of parameters of phonon, photon and graviton – which all represent boson family, derived with assumption that each of them has its own set of constants in Planck’s formula for boson gas in thermal equilibrium.
Category: Quantum Physics

[3] viXra:1711.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-03 04:52:42

Simulated Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Miroslav Súkeník, Jozef Šima
Comments: 5 Pages.

The paper deals with simulated interpretation of quantum mechanics. This interpretation is based on possibilities of computer simulation of our Universe.
Category: Quantum Physics

[2] viXra:1711.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 11:21:56

A Densidade Lagrangeana Para Uma Generalização da Equação de Schroedinger e O Berço de Píon

Authors: Edigles Guedes
Comments: 6 pages.

Nós derivamos a densidade Lagrangeana para uma generalização da equação de Schroedinger para o átomo com um életron e um núcleo; e concluímos, por meio da equação generalizada, que este átomo seria o berço de píon.
Category: Quantum Physics

[1] viXra:1711.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 12:39:27

Wave Properties of Particles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Dmitry Karlovets, senior researcher at the TSU Faculty of Physics, and Valery Serbo from the Institute of Mathematics of the SB RAS have shown that it is possible to observe the wave properties of massive particles at room temperature in practically any modern physics laboratory—it is only necessary to precisely focus the beam of particles. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics